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1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371950

RESUMO

Long-chain omega-3 PUFAs, specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are of increasing interest because of their favorable effect on cardiometabolic risk. This study explores the association between omega 6 and 3 fatty acids intake and cardiometabolic risk in four African-origin populations spanning the epidemiological transition. Data are obtained from a cohort of 2500 adults aged 25-45 enrolled in the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS), from the US, Ghana, Jamaica, and the Seychelles. Dietary intake was measured using two 24 h recalls from the Nutrient Data System for Research (NDSR). The prevalence of cardiometabolic risk was analyzed by comparing the lowest and highest quartile of omega-3 (EPA+ DHA) consumption and by comparing participants who consumed a ratio of arachidonic acid (AA)/EPA + DHA ≤4:1 and >4:1. Data were analyzed using multiple variable logistic regression adjusted for age, gender, activity, calorie intake, alcohol intake, and smoking status. The lowest quartile of EPA + DHA intake is associated with cardiometabolic risk 2.16 (1.45, 3.2), inflammation 1.59 (1.17, 2.16), and obesity 2.06 (1.50, 2.82). Additionally, consuming an AA/EPA + DHA ratio of >4:1 is also associated with cardiometabolic risk 1.80 (1.24, 2.60), inflammation 1.47 (1.06, 2.03), and obesity 1.72 (1.25, 2.39). Our findings corroborate previous research supporting a beneficial role for monounsaturated fatty acids in reducing cardiometabolic risk.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Fatores de Risco Cardiometabólico , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-6/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/administração & dosagem , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Gana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Jamaica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Seicheles/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
2.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 44: 466-468, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Systemic inflammation has been reported as a new predictor for COVID-19 outcomes. Thus, we hypothesized that ICU patients infected by COVID-19 had lower blood vitamin D levels and increased systemic inflammation. Therefore, this is the first Brazilian study to evaluate the vitamin D concentrations and NLR as a systemic inflammation in patients infected by COVID-19 admitted in ICU. METHODS: This cross-sectional study selected twenty-six patients from COVID-19 Data Sharing/FAPESP, Brazil. Twenty-five patients were enrolled from a single hospital and those with blood vitamin D and neutrophil and lymphocyte data were included and had all available data analyzed. Patients were divided in two groups: low vitamin D concentration when ≤20 ng/mL (low Vit D group, n = 8, 5M/3F, 62.7 ± 8.4 years old), and normal vitamin D when > 20 ng/mL (normal Vit D group, n = 17, 9M/8F, 74 ± 8.2 years old). Serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, C reactive protein (CRP), and count of neutrophils and lymphocytes concentrations were collected from COVID-19 Data Sharing/FAPESP. Statistical analyses were performed using the Prism version 5.0 and Student T test was applied to verify any difference between the groups. RESULTS: Low vitamin D group had 15.5 ± 3.3 ng/mL of 25OH Vit D concentrations and normal vitamin D group had 35.9 ± 8.8 ng/mL. Although no difference between groups for CRP concentrations (low Vit D: 4.5 ± 3.3 vs. normal Vit D: 4.2 ± 4.0 mg/dL, p = 0.45), we found higher neutrophil count and NLR values in the low Vit D group when compared to normal Vit D group (low Vit D: 6049.8 ± 3719.7 vs. normal Vit D: 3741.8 ± 1704.1 ng/mL, p = 0.02) and (low Vit D: 9.0 ± 8.6 vs. normal Vit D: 4.2 ± 4.0 ng/mL, p = 0.03), respectively. CONCLUSION: This data sharing-derived cases of COVID-19 in patients admitted at ICU showed that patients infected by COVID-19 had lower serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D and enhanced systemic inflammation when assessed by NLR values.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
3.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1289, 2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the role of social isolation on inflammation and cancer mortality among women. METHODS: Data were abstracted from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1988 to 1994. The Social Network Index was used to assess participants' degree of social isolation. C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels were included as markers of inflammation. We used the National Death Index to identify causes and dates of mortality. Chi-square and multivariable Cox regressions were employed for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Of 3360 women (median age: 54 years), the most isolated, very isolated, somewhat isolated, and not isolated comprised 14.5, 30.2, 37.1, and 18.2% of the sample, respectively. The most isolated participants were more likely to have low income (56.8% vs 12.2%, p < 0.001), have fewer years of education (40.8% vs 12.3%; p < 0.001), have low physical activity (27.3% vs 14.7%; p < 0.003), be obese (32.5% vs 24.4%; p = 0.02), and be current smokers (34.2% vs 10.3%; p < 0.001) compared to the not isolated ones. Mean fibrinogen levels increased with degree of social isolation (p = 0.003), but C-reactive protein showed no association (p = 0.52). Kaplan-Meier estimates indicated higher cancer mortality rates among participants with elevated fibrinogen levels, though not with statistical significance (p = 0.08). Furthermore, there was no association between social isolation and cancer mortality (p = 0.54). On multivariate analysis, obesity (HR = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.11-2.18), higher education (HR = 1.36; 95% CI: 1.01-1.83), and smoking (HR = 4.42, 95% CI: 2.84-6.88) were independent predictors for cancer mortality, while high physical activity predicted for lower mortality from cancer (HR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.51-0.87). However, social isolation was not a predictor. CONCLUSION: Social isolation among women was associated with an increased level of fibrinogen, but not associated with cancer mortality. The relationship between inflammation and cancer mortality warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Isolamento Social , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 663, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with a high mortality rate, especially in patients with severe illness. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the potential predictors of mortality in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and three electronic Chinese databases were searched from December 1, 2019 to April 29, 2020. Eligible studies reporting potential predictors of mortality in patients with COVID-19 were identified. Unadjusted prognostic effect estimates were pooled using the random-effects model if data from at least two studies were available. Adjusted prognostic effect estimates were presented by qualitative analysis. RESULTS: Thirty-six observational studies were identified, of which 27 were included in the meta-analysis. A total of 106 potential risk factors were tested, and the following important predictors were associated with mortality: advanced age, male sex, current smoking status, preexisting comorbidities (especially chronic kidney, respiratory, and cardio-cerebrovascular diseases), symptoms of dyspnea, complications during hospitalization, corticosteroid therapy and a severe condition. Additionally, a series of abnormal laboratory biomarkers of hematologic parameters, hepatorenal function, inflammation, coagulation, and cardiovascular injury were also associated with fatal outcome. CONCLUSION: We identified predictors of mortality in patients with COVID-19. These findings could help healthcare providers take appropriate measures and improve clinical outcomes in such patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidade , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Distribuição por Idade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202697

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a pandemic disease that causes severe pulmonary damage and hyperinflammation. Vitamin A is a crucial factor in the development of immune functions and is known to be reduced in cases of acute inflammation. This prospective, multicenter observational cross-sectional study analyzed vitamin A plasma levels in SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals, and 40 hospitalized patients were included. Of these, 22 developed critical disease (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome [ARDS]/Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation [ECMO]), 9 developed severe disease (oxygen supplementation), and 9 developed moderate disease (no oxygen supplementation). A total of 47 age-matched convalescent persons that had been earlier infected with SARS-CoV-2 were included as the control group. Vitamin A plasma levels were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Reduced vitamin A plasma levels correlated significantly with increased levels of inflammatory markers (CRP, ferritin) and with markers of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection (reduced lymphocyte count, LDH). Vitamin A levels were significantly lower in hospitalized patients than in convalescent persons (p < 0.01). Of the hospitalized patients, those who were critically ill showed significantly lower vitamin A levels than those who were moderately ill (p < 0.05). Vitamin A plasma levels below 0.2 mg/L were significantly associated with the development of ARDS (OR = 5.54 [1.01-30.26]; p = 0.048) and mortality (OR 5.21 [1.06-25.5], p = 0.042). Taken together, we conclude that vitamin A plasma levels in COVID-19 patients are reduced during acute inflammation and that severely reduced plasma levels of vitamin A are significantly associated with ARDS and mortality.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , Vitamina A/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , COVID-19/mortalidade , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Estado Terminal , Estudos Transversais , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Hospitalização , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Epidemiol Health ; 43: e2021044, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293257

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Both cardiovascular health (CVH) and inflammation are associated with cognition, and inflammation is also associated with CVH. However, limited information has been reported on these factors in the Korean population. The objective of our study was to investigate the influence of inflammation on the association between CVH and cognition using a cross-sectional design. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center baseline study. Participants who completed fasting serum analysis, questionnaires, and cognitive function tests were included in the analysis, whereas those with a history of autoimmune disease were excluded. The CVH in Ambulatory Care Research Team health index metrics, including smoking, physical activity, healthy diet, obesity, history of hypertension, and diabetes, were used to assess CVH. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Estimation for Dementia Screening. Inflammatory status was assessed based on a high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) test. RESULTS: Among 2,622 total participants (mean age, 57.2 years; 1,792 women), 13%, 58%, and 29% had poor, intermediate, and ideal CVH, respectively. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that CVH was significantly associated with cognitive function only in women. A stratified analysis showed that cognitive impairment due to CVH was not associated with hs-CRP levels. When the same analyses were conducted for each CVH component, the only component affecting the association was hypertension history in men. CONCLUSIONS: CVH is not significantly associated with cognitive decline in the middle-aged Korean population. Inflammation did not play a significant modifying role in this relationship.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
7.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0252818, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111164

RESUMO

Most deaths from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection occur in older subjects. We assessed the utility of serum inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6), C reactive protein (CRP), and ferritin (Roche, Indianapolis, IN), and SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and neutralizing antibodies (Diazyme, Poway, CA). In controls, non-hospitalized subjects, and hospitalized subjects assessed for SARS-CoV-2 RNA (n = 278), median IgG levels in arbitrary units (AU)/mL were 0.05 in negative subjects, 14.83 in positive outpatients, and 30.61 in positive hospitalized patients (P<0.0001). Neutralizing antibody levels correlated significantly with IgG (r = 0.875; P<0.0001). Having combined values of IL-6 ≥10 pg/mL and CRP ≥10 mg/L occurred in 97.7% of inpatients versus 1.8% of outpatients (odds ratio 3,861, C statistic 0.976, P = 1.00 x 10-12). Antibody or ferritin levels did not add significantly to predicting hospitalization. Antibody testing in family members and contacts of SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive cases (n = 759) was invaluable for case finding. Persistent IgM levels were associated with chronic COVID-19 symptoms. In 81,624 screened subjects, IgG levels were positive (≥1.0 AU/mL) in 5.21%, while IgM levels were positive in 2.96% of subjects. In positive subjects median IgG levels in AU/mL were 3.14 if <30 years of age, 4.38 if 30-44 years of age, 7.89 if 45-54 years of age, 9.52 if 55-64 years of age, and 10.64 if ≥65 years of age (P = 2.96 x 10-38). Our data indicate that: 1) combined IL-6 ≥10 pg/mL and CRP ≥10 mg/L identify SARS-CoV-2 positive subjects requiring hospitalization; 2) IgG levels were significantly correlated with neutralizing antibody levels with a wide range of responses; 3) IgG levels have significant utility for case finding in exposed subjects; 4) persistently elevated IgM levels are associated with chronic symptoms; and 5) IgG levels are significantly higher in positive older subjects than their younger counterparts.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Ferritinas/imunologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
8.
Soc Sci Med ; 281: 114059, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chronic inflammation is a potentially important mechanism through which social inequalities may contribute to health inequalities over the life course. Excess body fat contributes to chronic inflammation, and younger adults in the US have come of age during a pronounced secular increase in body mass index (BMI). We aim to document levels of chronic inflammation in a nationally representative sample of 33-to-44 year-old adults in the US, and to describe associations with BMI, race/ethnicity, and education. METHODS: High sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured in Wave V (2016-18) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, with complete data available for 4349 participants. Sex-stratified weighted regression models were implemented to investigate CRP in association with education, race/ethnicity, and BMI. RESULTS: Geometric mean CRP was 1.9 mg/L, and 35.4% of the sample had CRP >3 mg/L. Females had significantly higher CRP than males. Body mass index was a strong positive predictor of CRP, and education level was negatively associated with CRP. Associations between education and CRP were substantially attenuated after adjusting for BMI. High risk CRP increased linearly with BMI even among the obese: 87.0 percent of females and 74.1 percent of males with class 3 obesity (BMI ≥40) were predicted to have high risk CRP > 3 mg/L. CONCLUSIONS: The obesity epidemic is producing an epidemic of chronic inflammation in early mid-adulthood in the US. Strong associations between BMI and chronic inflammation portend high risk for future disease-and inequitable distribution of disease-as the cohort ages.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Obesidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia
9.
Int J Cardiol ; 338: 102-108, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cryoballoon ablation (CBA) and laser balloon ablation (LBA) were developed as alternatives to conventional radiofrequency ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Pathological findings after ablation such as myocardial injury and inflammation are thought to be different between CBA and LBA. However, the different impact of myocardial injury and inflammation after ablation on short- and mid-term outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: Consecutive PAF patients who underwent CBA and LBA were enrolled from the Osaka Rosai Atrial Fibrillation ablation (ORAF) registry. The difference of the acute myocardial injury marker (hs-TnI), and changes of inflammation markers (C reactive protein; ΔCRP, and white blood cell; ΔWBC) after catheter ablation and the difference of the short-term (within 3 months after ablation) and mid-term (from 3 months to 6 months after ablation) outcomes were evaluated between the two groups. RESULTS: The CBA and LBA groups consisted of 55 and 56 patients, respectively. After propensity score matching, CBA and LBA groups consisted of 37 patients, respectively. Hs-TnI value was significantly higher in CBA than LBA group, while ΔCRP and ΔWBC were significantly higher in LBA than CBA group. In the propensity score-matched pairs, the LBA group had a significantly greater risk of short-term arrhythmia recurrence than the CBA group, whereas no significant difference of mid-term arrhythmia recurrence were found between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Myocardial injury and inflammation status differ between CBA and LBA groups. LBA group had stronger inflammation after ablation and had a significantly greater risk of short-term arrhythmia recurrence after PVI than CBA group.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Criocirurgia , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/etiologia , Lasers , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068783

RESUMO

Hydrocephalus is a common complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and reportedly contributes to poor neurological outcomes. In this review, we summarize the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus following aSAH and summarize its treatment strategies. Various mechanisms have been implicated for the development of chronic hydrocephalus following aSAH, including alterations in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) dynamics, obstruction of the arachnoid granulations by blood products, and adhesions within the ventricular system. Regarding molecular mechanisms that cause chronic hydrocephalus following aSAH, we carried out an extensive review of animal studies and clinical trials about the transforming growth factor-ß/SMAD signaling pathway, upregulation of tenascin-C, inflammation-dependent hypersecretion of CSF, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and immune dysregulation. To identify the ideal treatment strategy, we discuss the predictive factors of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus between surgical clipping and endovascular coiling groups. The efficacy and safety of other surgical interventions including the endoscopic removal of an intraventricular hemorrhage, placement of an external ventricular drain, the use of intraventricular or cisternal fibrinolysis, and an endoscopic third ventriculostomy on shunt dependency following aSAH were also assessed. However, the optimal treatment is still controversial, and it necessitates further investigations. A better understanding of the pathogenesis of acute and chronic hydrocephalus following aSAH would facilitate the development of treatments and improve the outcome.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia/epidemiologia , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/genética , Hidrocefalia/terapia , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteínas Smad/genética , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/genética , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/terapia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
11.
Int J Cardiol ; 337: 127-131, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Higher mortality in COVID-19 in men compared to women is recognized, but sex differences in cardiovascular events are less well established. We aimed to determine the independent contribution of sex to stroke, myocardial infarction and death in the setting of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in a racially/ethnically diverse population. Clinical features, laboratory markers and clinical events were initially abstracted from medical records, with subsequent clinician adjudication. RESULTS: Of 2060 patients, myocardial injury (32% vs 23%, p = 0.019), acute myocardial infarction (2.7% vs 1.6%, p = 0.114), and ischemic stroke (1.8% vs 0.7%, p = 0.007) were more common in men vs women. In-hospital death occurred in 160 men (15%) vs 117 women (12%, p = 0.091). Men had higher odds of myocardial injury (odds ratio (OR) 2.04 [95% CI 1.43-2.91], p < 0.001), myocardial infarction (1.72 [95% CI 0.93-3.20], p = 0.085) and ischemic stroke (2.76 [95% CI 1.29-5.92], p = 0.009). Despite adjustment for demographics and cardiovascular risk factors, male sex predicted mortality (HR 1.33; 95% CI:1.01-1.74; p = 0.041). While men had significantly higher markers of inflammation, in sex-stratified analyses, increase in interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, ferritin and d-dimer were predictive of mortality and myocardial injury similarly in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Adjusted odds of myocardial injury, ischemic stroke and all-cause mortality, but not myocardial infarction, are significantly higher in men compared to women with COVID-19. Higher inflammatory markers are present in men but associated similarly with risk in both men and women. These data suggest that adverse cardiovascular outcomes in men vs. women are independent of cardiovascular comorbidities.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Sexuais
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809857

RESUMO

There is an established association between air pollution and cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is likely to be mediated by systemic inflammation. The present study evaluated links between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) in an older Chinese adult cohort (n = 7915) enrolled in the World Health Organization (WHO) study on global aging and adult health (SAGE) China Wave 1 in 2008-2010. Multilevel linear and logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on log-transformed hs-CRP levels and odds ratios of CVD risk derived from CRP levels adjusted for confounders. A satellite-based spatial statistical model was applied to estimate the average community exposure to outdoor air pollutants (PM with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 µm or less (PM10), 2.5 µm or less (PM2.5), and 1 µm or less (PM1) and NO2) for each participant of the study. hs-CRP levels were drawn from dried blood spots of each participant. Each 10 µg/m3 increment in PM10, PM2.5, PM1, and NO2 was associated with 12.8% (95% confidence interval; (CI): 9.1, 16.6), 15.7% (95% CI: 10.9, 20.8), 10.2% (95% CI: 7.3, 13.2), and 11.8% (95% CI: 7.9, 15.8) higher serum levels of hs-CRP, respectively. Our findings suggest that air pollution may be an important factor in increasing systemic inflammation in older Chinese adults.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Adulto , Idoso , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Proteína C-Reativa , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade
14.
Front Immunol ; 12: 614653, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815372

RESUMO

Chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) are emerging disorders which do not only affect specific organs with respective clinical symptoms but can also affect various aspects of life, such as emotional distress, anxiety, fatigue and quality of life. These facets of chronic disease are often not recognized in the therapy of CID patients. Furthermore, the symptoms and patient-reported outcomes often do not correlate well with the actual inflammatory burden. The discrepancy between patient-reported symptoms and objectively assessed disease activity can indeed be instructive for the treating physician to draw an integrative picture of an individual's disease course. This poses a challenge for the design of novel, more comprehensive disease assessments. In this mini-review, we report on the currently available patient-reported outcomes, the unmet needs in the field of chronic inflammatory diseases and the challenges of addressing these.


Assuntos
Inflamação/epidemiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Doença Crônica , Comorbidade , Gerenciamento Clínico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/terapia , Participação do Paciente , Relações Médico-Paciente , Padrões de Prática Médica , Medicina de Precisão , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 773: 145619, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested acute effects of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution on respiratory health among children, but evidence for PM2.5 constituents and respiratory health were still limited. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of short-term exposure to PM2.5 and its constituents with airway inflammation, lung function, and airway microbiota in children. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal panel study with 3 repeated health measurements among 62 children in Shanghai, China from November 2018 to June 2019. Respiratory health was measured by fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), saliva tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), lung function (forced vital capacity and forced exhaled volume in 1 s), and microbiota diversity in buccal mucosa samples. Based on the linear mixed-effect models, we applied the single-constituent models and the constituent-PM2.5 adjustment models to examine the associations between PM2.5 constituents and health outcomes. RESULT: Short-term exposure to PM2.5 was associated with higher TNF-α, FeNO levels and reduced lung function. Among all constituents, organic carbon, elemental carbon, NO3- and NH4+ had the consistent and strongest associations with airway inflammation biomarkers and lung function parameters, followed by metallic elements. We also found short-term PM2.5 exposure was associated with decreased diversity in buccal mucosa bacterial community and two bacterial phyla, Fusobacteria and Proteobacteria, were identified as differential microbes with PM2.5 exposure. CONCLUSION: Short-term exposure to PM2.5 may impair children's respiratory health represented by higher airway inflammation, lower lung function and altered buccal mucosa microbial colonization. Organic carbon, elemental carbon, NO3- and NH4+ may dominate these effects.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Microbiota , Pneumonia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Mucosa Bucal/química , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
16.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925783

RESUMO

As COVID-19 continues to take an enormous toll on global health, the effort to find effective preventive and treatment strategies has been unparalleled in recent history [...].


Assuntos
COVID-19/dietoterapia , Carnosina/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Saúde Global , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Estresse Oxidativo , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804362

RESUMO

The links of air pollutants to health hazards have been revealed in literature and inflammation responses might play key roles in the processes of diseases. WBC count is one of the indexes of inflammation, however the l iterature reveals inconsistent opinions on the relationship between WBC counts and exposure to air pollutants. The goal of this population-based observational study was to examine the associations between multiple air pollutants and WBC counts. This study recruited community subjects from Kaohsiung city. WBC count, demographic and health hazard habit data were collected. Meanwhile, air pollutants data (SO2, NO2, CO, PM10, and O3) were also obtained. Both datasets were merged for statistical analysis. Single- and multiple-pollutants models were adopted for the analysis. A total of 10,140 adults (43.2% males; age range, 33~86 years old) were recruited. Effects of short-term ambient concentrations (within one week) of CO could increase counts of WBC, neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes. However, SO2 could decrease counts of WBC, neutrophils, and monocytes. Gender, BMI, and smoking could also contribute to WBC count increases, though their effects are minor when compared to CO. Air pollutants, particularly SO2, NO2 and CO, may thus be related to alterations of WBC counts, and this would imply air pollution has an impact on human systematic inflammation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Leucócitos , Masculino , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(8)2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920037

RESUMO

Epilepsy, one of the most common neurological disorders worldwide, is characterized by recurrent seizures and subsequent brain damage. Despite strong evidence supporting a deleterious impact on seizure occurrence and outcome severity, stress is an overlooked component in people with epilepsy. With regard to stressor duration and timing, acute stress can be protective in epileptogenesis, while chronic stress often promotes seizure occurrence in epilepsy patients. Preclinical research suggests that chronic stress promotes neuroinflammation and leads to a depressive state. Depression is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in people with epilepsy, resulting in a poor quality of life. Here, we summarize studies investigating acute and chronic stress as a seizure trigger and an important factor that worsens epilepsy outcomes and psychiatric comorbidities. Mechanistic insight into the impact of stress on epilepsy may create a window of opportunity for future interventions targeting neuroinflammation-related disorders.


Assuntos
Epilepsia/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Epilepsia/epidemiologia , Epilepsia/psicologia , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/psicologia , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Convulsões/epidemiologia , Convulsões/psicologia
19.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(7): 907-918, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899265

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association between dietary inflammatory potential and poor periodontal health. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample of participants was performed. NHANES 2011-2014 (n = 7081) and NHANES 2001-2004 (n = 5098) were used as discovery and validation datasets, respectively. The energy-adjusted dietary inflammatory index (E-DII) score was calculated for each participant based on 24-h dietary recalls to assess diet-associated inflammation. Periodontitis was defined by the CDC/AAP using clinical periodontal parameters. Natural cubic spline was applied to identify any non-linear associations of the E-DII score with moderate/severe periodontitis. Furthermore, interaction analyses were performed by age, gender, and race/ethnicity to explore the moderating roles of these factors. RESULTS: In the discovery dataset, a non-linear positive relationship with periodontitis was identified for the E-DII score (pnon-linearity  < .001) after adjustment for potential confounders. Compared with those individuals in the lowest tertile of E-DII, participants in the highest tertile who consumed a pro-inflammatory diet were 53% more likely to be periodontitis (OR tertile3vs1  = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.33-1.77). The validation dataset showed similar associations. Relatively stronger associations were seen in older adults and males. CONCLUSION: Consuming a pro-inflammatory diet indicated by the E-DII score is associated with periodontal disease in the U.S. general adult population.


Assuntos
Dieta , Periodontite , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
20.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 15(3): 863-868, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Reduction of atherogenic lipoproteins is often the ultimate goal of nutritional interventions, however this is complicated given that hypolipidemia is frequently observed in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. We aimed to explore the association of hypolipidemia with patient outcomes in terms of immunothrombosis and multiorgan injury, focusing on specialized apolipoproteins apo A1 and apo B. METHODS: Lipid profiles of 50 COVID-19 patients and 30 sick controls presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) were measured in this prospective observational study. The primary outcome was development of severe acute kidney injury (AKI). Need for hospitalization and ICU admission were secondary outcomes. Lipoproteins were analyzed for independent association with serum creatinine (SCr) increase ratio and correlated with a wide panel of biomarkers. RESULTS: COVID-19 cohort had significantly lower apo A1 (p = 0.006), and higher apo B/apo A1 ratio (p = 0.041). Patients developing severe AKI had significantly lower LDL-C (p = 0.021). Apo B/apo A1 was associated with 2.25-fold decrease in serum SCr increase ratio, while LDL-C with a 1.5% decrease. Hypolipidemia correlated with low plasminogen, ADAMTS13 activity/VWF:Ag, and high inflammatory biomarkers (CRP, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), ED creatinine, and SCr increase ratio. CONCLUSION: Although favored in dietetics, findings of a low LDL-C in COVID-19 patients should be alarming in light of our observations. Low apo B/apo A1 ratio and LDL-C are predictive of renal deterioration in COVID-19 patients, and low LDL-C in particular may potentially serve to indicate COVID-19 related AKI driven by disrupted fibrinolysis and a secondary thrombotic microangiopathy-like process.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/sangue , COVID-19/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Injúria Renal Aguda/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/complicações , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/patologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Masculino , Metaboloma , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ohio/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/patologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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