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1.
Yearb Med Inform ; 28(1): 232-234, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419837

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To introduce and summarize current research in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS: The 2018 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics was searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 15 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to give the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers. RESULTS: Among the 805 references retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science, three were finally selected as best papers. All three papers are about surveillance using digital tools. One study is about the surveillance of flu, another about emerging animal infectious diseases and the last one is about foodborne illness. The sources of information are Google news, Twitter, and Yelp restaurant reviews. Machine learning approaches are most often used to detect signals. CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance is a central topic in public health informatics with the growing use of machine learning approaches in regards of the size and complexity of data. The evaluation of the approaches developed remains a serious challenge.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos , Animais , Epidemiologia , Humanos , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Informática em Saúde Pública
3.
Perspect Public Health ; 139(5): 236-254, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758258

RESUMO

AIM: Public health systems have embraced health informatics and information technology as a potential transformational tool to improve real-time surveillance systems, communication, and sharing of information among various agencies. Global pandemic outbreaks like Zika and Ebola were quickly controlled due to electronic surveillance systems enabling efficient information access and exchange. However, there is the need for a more robust technology to enhance adequate epidemic forecasting, data sharing, and effective communication. The purpose of this review was to examine the use of informatics and information technology tools and its impact on public health delivery. METHOD: Investigators searched six electronic databases. These were MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) Complete, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, COMPENDEX, Scopus, and Academic Search Premier from January 2000 to 31 March 2016. RESULTS: A total of 60 articles met the eligibility criteria for inclusion. These studies were organized into three areas as (1) definition of the term public health informatics; (2) type of public health surveillance systems and implications for public health; and (3) electronic surveillance systems functionality, capability, training, and challenges. Our analysis revealed that due to the growing expectations to provide real-time response and population-centered evidence-based public health in this information-driven age there has been a surge in informatics and information technology adoption. Education and training programs are now available to equip public health students and professionals with skills in public health informatics. However, obstacles including interoperability, data standardization, privacy, and technology transfer persist. CONCLUSION: Re-engineering the delivery of public health is necessary to meet the demands of the 21st century and beyond. To meet this expectation, public health must invest in workforce development and capacity through education and training in informatics.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Informática Médica/organização & administração , Informática em Saúde Pública/organização & administração , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Saúde Pública
4.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(1): 85-88, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183632

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar la accesibilidad del servicio de cita previa por Internet para servicios sanitarios de atención primaria y su adecuación a los requisitos exigidos por la legislación española. Método: Estudio descriptivo de la accesibilidad de 18 sitios web correspondientes a los servicios autonómicos de salud responsables del servicio de cita previa por Internet para servicios sanitarios de atención primaria. El nivel de accesibilidad se evaluó mediante cinco herramientas automáticas. Resultados: Solo seis sitios web declaran un nivel AA conforme con las pautas de accesibilidad WCAG 2.0. El nivel de accesibilidad web, según los requisitos legales en España, es bajo. La evaluación ha identificado los principales errores a solventar. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los servicios autonómicos de salud responsables de la cita previa por Internet deben mejorar el nivel de accesibilidad web y adecuarla a los requisitos de la normativa vigente


Objective: To assess the accessibility level of Internet appointment scheduling in primary care and the fulfilment of the requirements of Spanish legislation. Method: Descriptive study of the accessibility of 18 web sites corresponding to the autonomic health services responsible for Internet appointment scheduling for primary health care services. The level of web accessibility was evaluated by means of five automated tools. Results: Only six websites self-declared to be in compliance with level AA of WCAG 2.0. The level of web accessibility according to the legal requirements in Spain is low. The evaluation tools identified the main errors to be corrected. Conclusions: Most of the autonomic health services responsible for Internet appointment scheduling in primary care need to improve their level of web accessibility and ensure that it complies with Spanish legislation


Assuntos
Humanos , Bases de Dados de Citações , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/tendências , Acesso à Informação/legislação & jurisprudência , Informática em Saúde Pública/tendências , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Aplicações da Informática Médica
5.
In. González García, Nery de la Caridad. Informática médica. Tomo 1. Computación. Segunda edición. La Habana, Editorial Ciencias Médicas, 2 ed; 2019. , ilus, tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-74880
7.
PLoS One ; 13(11): e0206860, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reporting of strategic healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) to Public Health England is mandatory for all acute hospital trusts in England, via a web-based HCAI Data Capture System (HCAI-DCS). AIM: Investigate the feasibility of automating the current, manual, HCAI reporting using linked electronic health records (linked-EHR), and assess its level of accuracy. METHODS: All data previously submitted through the HCAI-DCS by the Oxford University Hospitals infection control (IC) team for methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA, MSSA), Clostridium difficile, and Escherichia coli, through March 2017 were downloaded and compared to outputs created from linked-EHR, with detailed comparisons between 2013-2017. FINDINGS: Total MRSA, MSSA, E. coli and C. difficile cases entered by the IC team vs linked-EHR were 428 vs 432, 795 vs 816, 2454 vs 2450 and 3365 vs 3393 respectively. From 2013-2017, most discrepancies (32/37 (86%)) were likely due to IC recording errors. Patient and specimen identifiers were completed for >98% of cases by both methods, with very high agreement (>97%). Fields relating to the patient at the time the specimen was taken were complete to a similarly high level (>99% IC, >97% linked-EHR), and agreement was fairly good (>80%) except for the main and treatment specialties (57% and 54% respectively) and the patient category (55%). Optional, organism-specific data-fields were less complete, by both methods. Where comparisons were possible, agreement was reasonably high (mostly 70-90%). CONCLUSION: Basic factual information, such as demographic data, is almost-certainly better automated, and many other data fields can potentially be populated successfully from linked-EHR. Manual data collection is time-consuming and inefficient; automated electronic data collection would leave healthcare professionals free to focus on clinical rather than administrative work.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Informática em Saúde Pública/métodos , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Notificação de Doenças/métodos , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/organização & administração , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Programas Obrigatórios/organização & administração , Programas Obrigatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Administração em Saúde Pública , Informática em Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Int J Health Geogr ; 17(1): 38, 2018 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30376842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zoonotic diseases account for a substantial portion of infectious disease outbreaks and burden on public health programs to maintain surveillance and preventative measures. Taking advantage of new modeling approaches and data sources have become necessary in an interconnected global community. To facilitate data collection, analysis, and decision-making, the number of spatial decision support systems reported in the last 10 years has increased. This systematic review aims to describe characteristics of spatial decision support systems developed to assist public health officials in the management of zoonotic disease outbreaks. METHODS: A systematic search of the Google Scholar database was undertaken for published articles written between 2008 and 2018, with no language restriction. A manual search of titles and abstracts using Boolean logic and keyword search terms was undertaken using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data extraction included items such as spatial database management, visualizations, and report generation. RESULTS: For this review we screened 34 full text articles. Design and reporting quality were assessed, resulting in a final set of 12 articles which were evaluated on proposed interventions and identifying characteristics were described. Multisource data integration, and user centered design were inconsistently applied, though indicated diverse utilization of modeling techniques. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics, data sources, development and modeling techniques implemented in the design of recent SDSS that target zoonotic disease outbreak were described. There are still many challenges to address during the design process to effectively utilize the value of emerging data sources and modeling methods. In the future, development should adhere to comparable standards for functionality and system development such as user input for system requirements, and flexible interfaces to visualize data that exist on different scales. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42018110466.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Surtos de Doenças , Informática em Saúde Pública/métodos , Zoonoses/epidemiologia , Animais , Tomada de Decisões , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Zoonoses/diagnóstico
9.
Yearb Med Inform ; 27(1): 199-206, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the recent public and population health informatics literature with a focus on the synergistic "bridging" of electronic data to benefit communities and other populations. METHODS: The review was primarily driven by a search of the literature from July 1, 2016 to September 30, 2017. The search included articles indexed in PubMed using subject headings with (MeSH) keywords "public health informatics" and "social determinants of health". The "social determinants of health" search was refined to include articles that contained the keywords "public health", "population health" or "surveillance". RESULTS: Several categories were observed in the review focusing on public health's socio-technical infrastructure: evaluation of surveillance practices, surveillance methods, interoperable health information infrastructure, mobile health, social media, and population health. Common trends discussing socio-technical infrastructure included big data platforms, social determinants of health, geographical information systems, novel data sources, and new visualization techniques. A common thread connected these categories of workforce, governance, and sustainability: using clinical resources and data to bridge public and population health. CONCLUSIONS: Both medical care providers and public health agencies are increasingly using informatics and big data tools to create and share digital information. The intent of this "bridging" is to proactively identify, monitor, and improve a range of medical, environmental, and social factors relevant to the health of communities. These efforts show a significant growth in a range of population health-centric information exchange and analytics activities.


Assuntos
Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Saúde da População , Informática em Saúde Pública , Humanos , Informática Médica , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Telemedicina , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos
10.
Yearb Med Inform ; 27(1): 207-210, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30157525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To introduce and summarize current research in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS: The 2017 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics was searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to provide the editorial team with an enlightened vision to select the best papers. RESULTS: Among the 843 references retrieved from PubMed and Web of Science, two were finally selected as best papers. The first one analyzes the relationship between the disease, social/mass media, and public emotions to understand public overreaction (leading to a noticeable reduction of social and economic activities) in the context of a nation-wide outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Korea in 2015. The second paper concerns a new methodology to de-identify patient notes in electronic health records based on artificial neural networks that outperformed existing methods. CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance is still a productive topic in public health informatics but other very important topics in Public Health are appearing. For example, the use of artificial intelligence approaches is increasing.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Informática em Saúde Pública , Anonimização de Dados , Epidemiologia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Saúde Pública
11.
Life Sci Soc Policy ; 14(1): 13, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900518

RESUMO

This article examines how digital epidemiology and eHealth coalesce into a powerful health surveillance system that fundamentally changes present notions of body and health. In the age of Big Data and Quantified Self, the conceptual and practical distinctions between individual and population body, personal and public health, surveillance and health care are diminishing. Expanding on Armstrong's concept of "surveillance medicine" to "quantified self medicine" and drawing on my own research on the symbolic power of statistical constructs in medical encounters, this article explores the impact of digital health surveillance on people's perceptions, actions and subjectivities. It discusses the epistemic confusions and paradoxes produced by a health care system that increasingly treats patients as risk profiles and prompts them to do the same, namely to perceive and manage themselves as a bundle of health and security risks. Since these risks are necessarily constructed in reference to epidemiological data that postulate a statistical gaze, they also construct or make-up disembodied "individuals on alert".


Assuntos
Vigilância da População/métodos , Medicina de Precisão , Informática em Saúde Pública , Telemedicina , Humanos
12.
Int J Infect Dis ; 72: 16-18, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29730381

RESUMO

Spotted fever is caused by rickettsia species, and is the most important tick-borne disease. In Brazil, it requires national compulsory notification to the Ministry of Health. Since 2007, all suspected cases of spotted fever have been integrated into the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). In this descriptive study we evaluate the timeliness (expressed in number of days between time of clinical suspicion and reporting) of the compulsory notification of spotted fever cases in SINAN and the strategy for digital disease detection (DDD). This study analysed the information from the SINAN and from the digital detection strategy used by ProMED-Português. Results show that detection by the SINAN system was more efficient than Promed-Português, reporting 90.4% of evaluated suspected cases 20.5days earlier. The surveillance strategy based on the mandatory case reporting using SINAN has proven to be more timely, but DDD can be considered as a complementary strategy providing a more disseminate epidemiological information to wide range readership globally.


Assuntos
Notificação de Doenças/métodos , Informática em Saúde Pública , Rickettsia/isolamento & purificação , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Rickettsiose do Grupo da Febre Maculosa/diagnóstico , Rickettsiose do Grupo da Febre Maculosa/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Rickettsia/patogenicidade
13.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 57, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify whether an intervention based on disseminating health evidence summaries by e-mail to health professionals increases access to health evidence databases, and whether health professionals intend to apply the evidence received by e-mail in their clinical practice. METHODS: This quantitative study started with a survey to collect demographic data and patterns of access to health evidence databases. It was followed by a longitudinal intervention, over 48 weeks, that disseminated 143 health evidence summaries to 339 health professionals with higher education degree who work in the Brazilian Unified Health System. In the longitudinal intervention phase, health professionals voluntarily assessed the received health evidence summaries using the information assessment method. Finally, the study concluded with a survey to identify changes in accessing health evidence databases. RESULTS: Of the 339 Brazilian health professionals participating in this research, 90 (26.5%) answered the initial and final surveys. After 48 weeks, there was an increase in the use of health evidence databases; 186 (54.9%) participants submitted 7,942 assessments of health evidence summaries, which were relevant for patient care in 5,409 (68%) assessments. CONCLUSIONS: The dissemination of health evidence summaries by e-mail to health professionals in Brazil increases the reported use of evidence in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Correio Eletrônico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/classificação , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Aplicações da Informática Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Informática em Saúde Pública , Adulto Jovem
16.
Int J Urol ; 25(5): 421-428, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29520842

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To quantify public and academic interest in the urological field using a novel new media-based methodology. METHODS: We systematically measured public and academic interest in 56 urological keywords and combined in nine subspecialties. Public interest was quantified as video views on YouTube. Academic interest was quantified as article citations using Microsoft Academic Search. The public-to-academic interest ratio was calculated for a comparison of subspecialties as well as for diseases and treatments. RESULTS: For the selected 56 urological keywords, we found 226 617 591 video views on YouTube and 2 146 287 citations in the academic literature. The public-to-academic interest ratio was highest for the subspecialties robotic urology (ratio 6.3) and andrological urology (ratio 4.6). Prostate cancer was the central urological disease combining both a high public (20% of all video views) and academic interest (26% of all citations, ratio 0.8). Further diseases/treatments of high public interest were premature ejaculation (ratio 54.4), testicular cancer (ratio 11.4), erectile dysfunction (ratio 5.5) and kidney transplant (ratio 3.7). Urological treatments had a higher public-to-academic interest ratio (median ratio 0.25) than diseases (median ratio 0.05; P = 0.029). CONCLUSIONS: A quantification of academic and public interest in the urological field is feasible using a novel new media-based methodology. We found several mismatches in public versus academic interest in urological diseases and treatments, which has implications for research strategies, conference planning and patient information projects. Regular re-assessments of the public and academic interest landscape can contribute to detecting and proving trends in the field of urology.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Urologia , Estudos Transversais , Internet , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Informática em Saúde Pública , Doenças Urológicas/terapia
17.
Int J Med Inform ; 112: 34-39, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29500019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As health care becomes more reliant on technology, a better understanding of the factors that contribute to acceptance and use of technology is now critical. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) has been applied to study a variety of technologies in different settings, and it is one of the most cited theories in Information Systems (IS) research. However, there has been limited application of UTAUT to health IT and, in particular, to patients' IT use. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to adapt UTAUT to the context of patient acceptance and use of an Emergency Department (ED) wait-times website, and to empirically test the modified model and compare the results to those of the original UTAUT model. Specifically, it is proposed that there will be a significant relationship between facilitating conditions and behavioral intention. METHODS: A survey of patients in the ED of a Canadian hospital was conducted, yielding 118 completed surveys, and subsequently analyzed using Partial least squares (PLS). RESULTS: This study found that the modified UTAUT produced a substantial improvement in variance explained in behavioral intention compared to the original UTAUT (66% versus 46%). The modified-UTAUT model showed significant effects in performance expectancy (r = 0.302, p < 0.01) and facilitating conditions (r = 0.539, p < 0.001) on behavioral intention to use the website, while the effort expectancy impact was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides empirical support for the modified-UTAUT in the context of patients' intention to use an ED wait times website. Some results of this study support prior research, while some differ, such as the non-significant relationship between effort expectancy and behavioral intention and the finding that performance expectancy is not the main driver of intention to use. As proposed, facilitating conditions - having the resources necessary to view the website and having the ability to find the website - were the most important factors influencing behavioral intention. UTAUT is a key theoretical advance in IS research and by modifying it to the context of patient use, we contribute to both IS and health research.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Sistemas de Informação , Intenção , Modelos Teóricos , Sistemas On-Line , Informática em Saúde Pública/organização & administração , Listas de Espera , Adulto , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Informática em Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Medisan ; 22(3)mar. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-70225

RESUMO

Se realizó un estudio de tipo investigación en la educación médica de pregrado, de 141 estudiantes que cursaban tercer año de la carrera de medicina durante el curso escolar 2015-2016, pertenecientes a la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, con el objetivo de identificar el uso de la informática y las nuevas tecnologías de la información en función del aprendizaje. Entre los resultados principales figuraron que solo 71,0 por ciento de los estudiantes tenían disponibilidad de medios electrónicos, que 6,0 por ciento hacía uso de estos en función del aprendizaje y que 66,0 por ciento estudiaba por el texto básico y por las notas de clases tomadas durante las actividades docentes. Se puso de manifiesto la correlación significativa entre el rendimiento académico bajo y el uso inadecuado de las nuevas tecnologías de la información disponibles(AU)


An investigation type study was carried out in the undergraduate medical education, of 141 students who studied third year of the medicine career during the school course 2015-2016, belonging to the University of Medical Sciences in Santiago de Cuba, with the objective of identifying the computer science use as well as the new technologies of the information in accordance with learning. Among the main results there were that just 71,0 percent of the students had possibility of using electronic equipments, that 6,0 percent used them for learning and that 66,0 percent studied through the basic text and through the notes of classes taken during the educational activities. The significant correlation between the low academic achievement and the inadequate use of the available new information technologies were shown(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Informática Médica/educação , Informática em Saúde Pública/educação , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Saúde Pública , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Universidades
19.
Public Health Rep ; 133(2): 147-154, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29486143

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) case surveillance and other health care databases are increasingly being used for public health action, which has the potential to optimize the health outcomes of people living with HIV (PLWH). However, often PLWH cannot be located based on the contact information available in these data sources. We assessed the accuracy of contact information for PLWH in HIV case surveillance and additional data sources and whether time since diagnosis was associated with accurate contact information in HIV case surveillance and successful contact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Case Surveillance-Based Sampling (CSBS) project was a pilot HIV surveillance system that selected a random population-based sample of people diagnosed with HIV from HIV case surveillance registries in 5 state and metropolitan areas. From November 2012 through June 2014, CSBS staff members attempted to locate and interview 1800 sampled people and used 22 data sources to search for contact information. RESULTS: Among 1063 contacted PLWH, HIV case surveillance data provided accurate telephone number, address, or HIV care facility information for 239 (22%), 412 (39%), and 827 (78%) sampled people, respectively. CSBS staff members used additional data sources, such as support services and commercial people-search databases, to locate and contact PLWH with insufficient contact information in HIV case surveillance. PLWH diagnosed <1 year ago were more likely to have accurate contact information in HIV case surveillance than were PLWH diagnosed ≥1 year ago ( P = .002), and the benefit from using additional data sources was greater for PLWH with more longstanding HIV infection ( P < .001). PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: When HIV case surveillance cannot provide accurate contact information, health departments can prioritize searching additional data sources, especially for people with more longstanding HIV infection.


Assuntos
Confiabilidade dos Dados , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Vigilância da População/métodos , Informática em Saúde Pública/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Epilepsy Behav ; 78: 288-290, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153965

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore information about epilepsy found on Arabic websites. The researchers collected information from the internet between November 2016 and January 2017. Information was obtained using Google and Yahoo search engines. Keywords used were the Arabic equivalent of the following two keywords: epilepsy (Al-saraa) and convulsion (Tashanoj). A total of 144 web pages addressing epilepsy in Arabic were reviewed. The majority of web pages were websites of medical institutions and general health websites, followed by informational and educational websites, others, blogs and websites of individuals, and news and media sites. Topics most commonly addressed were medical treatments for epilepsy (50% of all pages) followed by epilepsy definition (41%) and epilepsy etiology (34.7%). The results also revealed that the vast majority of web pages did not mention the source of information. Many web pages also did not provide author information. Only a small proportion of the web pages provided adequate information. Relatively few web pages provided inaccurate information or made sweeping generalizations. As a result, it is concluded that the findings of the present study suggest that development of more credible Arabic websites on epilepsy is needed. These websites need to go beyond basic information, offering more evidence-based and updated information about epilepsy.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Internet , Informática em Saúde Pública/normas , Arábia , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Ferramenta de Busca/normas
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