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1.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 109(1): 90-96, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33424469

RESUMO

Background: A request for consumer health information training for public librarians led to the development of a specialized consumer health reference and health literacy training program by professional consumer health librarians from an academic medical center. Professional consumer health librarians created an interactive presentation aimed at improving public librarians' ability to respond to consumer health questions and provide vetted health resources. Case Presentation: Building on professional expertise, librarians at Weill Cornell Medicine developed a live class demonstration accompanied by a representative subject LibGuide to support public librarians who assist patrons with health questions. Skills involved in effectively communicating with patrons who are seeking consumer health information include conducting reference interviews, matching patrons' needs with appropriate resources, teaching useful Internet search methods, assessing health information, and understanding health literacy issues. Originally envisioned as two in-person live demonstrations, the team proactively adapted the program to respond to the stay-at-home social-distancing order put in place in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Conclusions: The team successfully led an in-person live training session followed by an adapted online training experience, the latter designed to complete the curricula while complying with city and state orders.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/métodos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo , Letramento em Saúde/métodos , Bibliotecários/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cidade de Nova Iorque
2.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 89-97, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225770

RESUMO

Seeking cancer information is recognized as an important, life-saving behavior under normal circumstances. However, given the significant impact of COVID-19 on society, the healthcare system, and individuals and their families, it is important to understand how the pandemic has affected cancer information needs in a crisis context and, in turn, how public health agencies have responded to meeting the information needs of various audiences. Using data from the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service (CIS) - a long-standing, multi-channel resource for trusted cancer information in English and Spanish - this descriptive analysis explored differences in cancer information-seeking among cancer survivors, caregivers, tobacco users, and members of the general public during the onset and continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic (February - September 2020), specifically comparing interactions that involved a discussion of COVID-19 to those that did not. During the study period, COVID-19 discussions were more likely to involve survivors or caregivers compared to tobacco users and the general public. Specific patterns emerged across the four user types and their respective discussions of COVID-19 related to language of service, point of CIS access, stage on the cancer continuum, subject of interaction, cancer site discussed, and referrals provided by the CIS. These results provide insights that may help public health agencies deliver, prioritize, and tailor their messaging and response to specific audiences based on heightened health information needs during a crisis.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , National Cancer Institute (U.S.)/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Idioma , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pandemias , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
3.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1751, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individual protective behaviors play an important role in the control of the spread of infectious diseases. This study aimed to investigate the adoption of protective behaviors by Chinese citizens amid the COVID-19 outbreak and its associated factors. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted from 22 January to 14 February 2020 through Wenjuanxing platform, measuring their knowledge, risk perception, negative emotion, response to official communication, and protective behaviors in relation to COVID-19. A total of 3008 people completed the questionnaire, of which 2845 were valid questionnaires. RESULTS: On average, 71% of respondents embraced protective behaviors. Those who made no error in the knowledge test (AOR = 1.77, p < 0.001) perceived the high severity of the epidemic (AOR = 1.90, p < 0.001), had high negative emotion (AOR = 1.36, p = 0.005), reported good health (AOR = 1.94, p < 0.001), paid high attention to the governmental media (AOR = 4.16, p < 0.001) and trusted the governmental media (AOR = 1.97, p < 0.001) were more likely to embrace protective behaviors after adjustments for variations in potential confounding factors. Women and older people were also more likely to embrace protective behaviors. No regional or educational differences were found in the adoption of protective behaviors. CONCLUSION: The majority of Chinese citizens embraced protective behaviors. Higher levels of protective behaviors are associated with higher knowledge, perceived severity, negative emotion, and attention to and trust in the official governmental media. Official governmental communication is the largest single predictor of protective behaviors.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco
4.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1649, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging infectious disease that spreads around the world. The lack of effective antiviral drugs and vaccines, along with the relatively high mortality rate and high contagiousness, has raised strong public concerns over COVID-19, especially for people living in the most severely affected areas. This study aimed to clarify the influencing factors for the anxiety level among the Chinese people during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a particular focus on the media exposure to different COVID-19 information. METHODS: A total of 4991 respondents were randomly recruited from a national online panel from February 12th, 2020 to February 14th, 2020, a period when the number of COVID-19 cases surpassed 10,000 in a single day, with the total cases in China reaching up to 90,000. The relationships between media exposure of COVID-19 information, social and geographical proximity to COVID-19, risk perceptions were assessed using hierarchical ordinary least squares regression analysis. RESULTS: The media exposure to COVID-19 information was differently associated with anxiety. Meanwhile, the anxiety level was found to be high in respondents who personally knew someone infected with COVID-19 or those who living in an area with reported cases. Respondents who perceived more risks also reported a higher level of anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the role of media exposure in affecting individuals' anxiety level during the COVID-19 pandemic. Besides, it is recommended that government and health professionals are recommended to adopt effective risk communication strategies to protect citizens' mental health during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
5.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1635, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The internet is now the first line source of health information for many people worldwide. In the current Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic, health information is being produced, revised, updated and disseminated at an increasingly rapid rate. The general public are faced with a plethora of misinformation regarding COVID-19 and the readability of online information has an impact on their understanding of the disease. The accessibility of online healthcare information relating to COVID-19 is unknown. We sought to evaluate the readability of online information relating to COVID-19 in four English speaking regions: Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, and compare readability of website source provenance and regional origin. METHODS: The Google® search engine was used to collate the first 20 webpage URLs for three individual searches for 'COVID', 'COVID-19', and 'coronavirus' from Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. The Gunning Fog Index (GFI), Flesch-Kincaid Grade (FKG) Score, Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG) score were calculated to assess the readability. RESULTS: There were poor levels of readability webpages reviewed, with only 17.2% of webpages at a universally readable level. There was a significant difference in readability between the different webpages based on their information source (p < 0.01). Public Health organisations and Government organisations provided the most readable COVID-19 material, while digital media sources were significantly less readable. There were no significant differences in readability between regions. CONCLUSION: Much of the general public have relied on online information during the pandemic. Information on COVID-19 should be made more readable, and those writing webpages and information tools should ensure universal accessibility is considered in their production. Governments and healthcare practitioners should have an awareness of the online sources of information available, and ensure that readability of our own productions is at a universally readable level which will increase understanding and adherence to health guidelines.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Internet , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 111(8): 665-670, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197152

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES: Las redes sociales se han convertido en una herramienta clave para la búsqueda y difusión de información médica. OBJETIVO: Describir las características de las páginas relacionadas con la dermatitis atópica en las redes sociales, la temática de sus publicaciones y el grado de seguimiento que se realiza de ellas. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se seleccionaron páginas, grupos o cuentas relacionadas con la dermatitis atópica en Facebook, Twitter y Linkedin durante los meses de enero y febrero de 2020. De cada una de ellas se recogieron: el país de origen, año de creación, objetivo, presencia de enlaces a páginas web, existencia de correo electrónico y número de seguidores. Además, se realizó un análisis de las temáticas más frecuentes en las últimas publicaciones de las páginas con más seguidores de cada red social. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron en el estudio un total de 257 páginas, grupos o cuentas (171 en Facebook, 59 en Twitter y 27 en Linkedin). Facebook obtuvo un mayor número medio (±DT) y total de seguidores (1416,71±3722,63). Los grupos de apoyo a pacientes fueron el tipo de página más frecuente (63%), aunque aquellas clasificadas como empresas o venta de productos obtuvieron un mayor número de seguidores (p < 0,035). Se analizaron 909 publicaciones, siendo «Información general sobre dermatitis atópica» la temática más frecuente (27,94% del total). CONCLUSIONES: Nuestros hallazgos ponen de manifiesto la importancia de definir claramente el papel y las limitaciones de estas plataformas para orientar futuras campañas de información y desarrollar nuevos modelos centrados en el paciente con dermatitis atópica


BACKGROUND: Social networks have become key tools for finding and disseminating medical information. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of social network postings on atopic dermatitis, the content that is posted, and the number of followers of pages, groups, or accounts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected pages, groups, or accounts related to atopic dermatitis on Facebook, Twitter, and Linkedin during January and February of 2020. For each site, group, or account we recorded country of origin, year created, purpose, presence of links, provision of a contact email, and number of followers. We also analyzed the topics treated in recent content posts on the pages with the largest numbers of followers in each network. RESULTS: A total of 257 pages, groups, or accounts were included: Facebook, 171; Twitter, 59; and LinkedIn, 27. Facebook had the largest total number of pages and mean (SD) number of followers: 1416.71 (3722.63). Patient support groups accounted for most of the pages (63%), but businesses or product offers had more followers (P <.035). Of the 909 posts of informative content we analyzed, the most frequent topic was "general information about atopic dermatitis" (27.94%). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show the importance of clearly defining the roles and limitations of social media platforms for designing future information campaigns and new patient-centered approaches to reaching patients with atopic dermatitis


Assuntos
Redes Sociais Online , Dermatite Atópica , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
7.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 6(4): e21071, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a heightened need to understand health information seeking behaviors to address disparities in knowledge and beliefs about the crisis. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed sociodemographic predictors of the use and trust of different COVID-19 information sources, as well as the association between information sources and knowledge and beliefs about the pandemic. METHODS: An online survey was conducted among US adults in two rounds during March and April 2020 using advertisement-based recruitment on social media. Participants were asked about their use of 11 different COVID-19 information sources as well as their most trusted source of information. The selection of COVID-related knowledge and belief questions was based on past empirical literature and salient concerns at the time of survey implementation. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 11,242 participants. When combined, traditional media sources (television, radio, podcasts, or newspapers) were the largest sources of COVID-19 information (91.2%). Among those using mainstream media sources for COVID-19 information (n=7811, 69.5%), popular outlets included CNN (24.0%), Fox News (19.3%), and other local or national networks (35.2%). The largest individual information source was government websites (87.6%). They were also the most trusted source of information (43.3%), although the odds of trusting government websites were lower among males (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.58, 95% CI 0.53-0.63) and those aged 40-59 years and ≥60 years compared to those aged 18-39 years (AOR 0.83, 95% CI 0.74-0.92; AOR 0.62, 95% CI 0.54-0.71). Participants used an average of 6.1 sources (SD 2.3). Participants who were male, aged 40-59 years or ≥60 years; not working, unemployed, or retired; or Republican were likely to use fewer sources while those with children and higher educational attainment were likely to use more sources. Participants surveyed in April were markedly less likely to use (AOR 0.41, 95% CI 0.35-0.46) and trust (AOR 0.51, 95% CI 0.47-0.56) government sources. The association between information source and COVID-19 knowledge was mixed, while many COVID-19 beliefs were significantly predicted by information source; similar trends were observed with reliance on different types of mainstream media outlets. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 information source was significantly determined by participant sociodemographic characteristics and was also associated with both knowledge and beliefs about the pandemic. Study findings can help inform COVID-19 health communication campaigns and highlight the impact of using a variety of different and trusted information sources.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Confiança , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237144, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760095

RESUMO

While the internet has democratized and accelerated content creation and sharing, it has also made people more vulnerable to manipulation and misinformation. Also, the received information can be distorted by psychological biases. This is problematic especially in health-related communications which can greatly affect the quality of life of individuals. We assembled and analyzed 364 texts related to nutrition and health from Finnish online sources, such as news, columns and blogs, and asked non-experts to subjectively evaluate the texts. Texts were rated for their trustworthiness, sentiment, logic, information, clarity, and neutrality properties. We then estimated individual biases and consensus ratings that were used in training regression models. Firstly, we found that trustworthiness was significantly correlated to the information, neutrality and logic of the texts. Secondly, individual ratings for information and logic were significantly biased by the age and diet of the raters. Our best regression models explained up to 70% of the total variance of consensus ratings based on the low-level properties of texts, such as semantic embeddings, presence of key-terms and part-of-speech tags, references, quotes and paragraphs. With a novel combination of crowdsourcing, behavioral analysis, natural language processing and predictive modeling, our study contributes to the automated identification of reliable and high-quality online information. While critical evaluation of truthfulness cannot be surrendered to the machine only, our findings provide new insights into automated evaluation of subjective text properties and analysis of morphologically-rich languages in regards to trustworthiness.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Informática Aplicada à Saúde dos Consumidores/normas , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Dieta , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Confiança , Informática Aplicada à Saúde dos Consumidores/estatística & dados numéricos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Estatísticos
9.
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(7): 689-701, jul. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194130

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Describir las infografías sobre las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) recuperadas mediante Google Images® y analizar su información y posibilidades de uso. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal. Las infografías se obtuvieron mediante búsqueda con los términos «infographic», «sexually transmitted diseases» y «sexually transmitted infections». Para seleccionar las imágenes a estudio se calculó el tamaño muestral mediante la estimación de parámetros poblacionales en una población infinita. La fecha de la búsqueda fue el 15 de marzo de 2018. RESULTADOS: Se seleccionaron 386 infografías para cada término (diseases/infections), descartándose 198 (20,4%) imágenes por ruido documental; 718 infográfias (99,5%) tenían carácter informativo. La mayoría provenían de Blogs personales, 129 (16,7%) o de persona individual, 54 (7,0%). Presentaron algún tipo de licencia 31 (4,0%) infografías. Más de la mitad (Mediana = 0,4 Mpx) de las imágenes analizadas presentaron adecuada resolución. CONCLUSIONES: Se consiguió recuperar infografías sobre ETS, en su mayoría eran de tipo informativo, pero con un alto "ruido documental". Se observó una baja filiación institucional de estas imágenes que tampoco disponían de un conveniente uso de licencias Creative Commons, no obstante, existió una buena resolución de imagen


OBJECTIVE: To describe the infographics on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) recovered through Google Images® and analyze their information and possibilities of use. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study. The infographics were obtained by searching with the terms "infographic", "sexually transmitted diseases" and "sexually transmitted infections". To select the images for the study, a sample size was calculated by estimating parameters in an infinite population. The date of the search was 15 of March 2018. RESULTS: 386 infographics were selected for each term (diseases/infections), discarding 198 (20.4%) images due to documentary noise; 718 infographics (99.5%) were informative. Most of them, came from personal blogs, 129 (16.7%) or individual, 54 (7.0%). They presented some type of license 31 (4.0%) infographics. More than half (Median = 0.4 Mpx) of the analyzed images presented adequate resolution. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to recover infographics about STDs but with a high "documentary noise" that was mostly informative. There was a low institutional affiliation of these images that did not have a convenient use of Creative Commons licenses, although most of them presented a good image resolution


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Sexual/tendências , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Serviços de Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso à Informação , Direitos Autorais/legislação & jurisprudência
10.
Public Health ; 185: 21-25, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The internet has become one of the most important resources for the general population when searching for healthcare information. However, the information available is not always suitable for all readers because of its difficult readability. We sought to assess the readability of online information regarding the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and establish whether they follow the patient educational information reading level recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: We searched five key terms on Google and the first 30 results from each of the searches were considered for analysis. Five validated readability tests were utilized to establish the reading level for each article. RESULTS: Of the 150 gathered articles, 61 met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated. None (0%) of the articles met the recommended 5th to 6th grade reading level (of an 11-12-year-old). The mean readability scores were Flesch Reading Ease 44.14, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 12.04, Gunning-Fog Index 14.27, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook SMOG Index 10.71, and Coleman-Liau Index 12.69. CONCLUSIONS: Online educational articles on COVID-19 provide information too difficult to read for the general population. The readability of articles regarding COVID-19 and other diseases needs to improve so that the general population may understand health information better and may respond adequately to protect themselves and limit the spread of infection.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Internet , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Letramento em Saúde , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
11.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 860, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Finding reliable information on one of more than 7000 rare diseases is a major challenge for those affected. Since rare diseases are defined only by the prevalence criterion, a multitude of heterogeneous diseases are included. Common to all, however, are difficulties regarding information access. Even though various quantitative studies have analyzed the use of different information sources for specific rare diseases, little is known about the use of information sources for different rare diseases, how users rate these information sources based on their experiences, and how the use and importance of these information sources change over time. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with a variety of rare diseases and 13 close relatives participated in qualitative interviews. For these interviews, a semi-structured guideline was developed, piloted, and revised. Data analysis involved a qualitative content analysis developed by Philipp Mayring. RESULTS: The participants considered internet as the most important and widespread information source, especially for early information. Although patients have difficulty dealing with information obtained online, they consider online searching a quick and practical option to gather information. During the course of the disease, personal contact partners, especially self-help associations and specialized doctors, become more important. This is also because information provided online is sometimes insufficiently detailed to answer their information needs, which can be complemented by information from doctors and self-help. CONCLUSIONS: People rarely use just one type of source, but rather refer to different sources and informants. The source used depends on the type of information sought as well as other person-related factors such as preexisting knowledge and the disease stage. To improve people's information searching and connect them with medical specialists in rare diseases, a central information portal on rare diseases might be a suitable access point to provide free and quality assured information for patients, caregivers, and physicians. This would allow not only patients but also doctors to find quality assured information on symptoms and therapies as well as patient associations and specialized doctors.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Doenças Raras/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
13.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 990, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today,. most people use the Internet to seek online health-related information from general public health-related websites and discussion groups. However, there are no Internet-based analyses of health information needs pertaining to diabetes in China until now. With the development of artificial intelligence,we can analyzed these online health-related information and provide references for health providers to improve their health service. METHODS: We have done a study of statistically analyzing the questions about diabetes collected from 39 health website, the number of which is 151,589. We have divided these questions into 9 categories using a convolutional neural network. RESULTS: The diabetes problems of consumer are presented as follows, diagnosis: 34.95%, treatment: 25.17%, lifestyle: 21.09%, complication: 8.00%, maternity-related:5.00%, prognosis: 2.59%, health provider choosing: 1.40%, prevention: 1.23%, others: 0.58%, The elderly are more concerned about the treatment and complications of diabetes, while the young are more concerned about the maternity-related and prognosis of diabetes. The diabetes drugs most frequently mentioned by consumers are insulin, metformin and Xiaoke pills, The most concerned complication is caidiovascular disease and diabetic eye disease. CONCLUSION: Diabetes health education should focus on how to prevent diabetes and the contents of health education should be different for differernt age groups;on diabetes treatment, the use of insulin and oral hypoglycemic drugs education should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Inteligência Artificial , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redes Neurais de Computação , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(5)2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409327

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic is this century's largest public health emergency and its successful management relies on the effective dissemination of factual information. As a social media platform with billions of daily views, YouTube has tremendous potential to both support and hinder public health efforts. However, the usefulness and accuracy of most viewed YouTube videos on COVID-19 have not been investigated. METHODS: A YouTube search was performed on 21 March 2020 using keywords 'coronavirus' and 'COVID-19', and the top 75 viewed videos from each search were analysed. Videos that were duplicates, non-English, non-audio and non-visual, exceeding 1 hour in duration, live and unrelated to COVID-19 were excluded. Two reviewers coded the source, content and characteristics of included videos. The primary outcome was usability and reliability of videos, analysed using the novel COVID-19 Specific Score (CSS), modified DISCERN (mDISCERN) and modified JAMA (mJAMA) scores. RESULTS: Of 150 videos screened, 69 (46%) were included, totalling 257 804 146 views. Nineteen (27.5%) videos contained non-factual information, totalling 62 042 609 views. Government and professional videos contained only factual information and had higher CSS than consumer videos (mean difference (MD) 2.21, 95% CI 0.10 to 4.32, p=0.037); mDISCERN scores than consumer videos (MD 2.46, 95% CI 0.50 to 4.42, p=0.008), internet news videos (MD 2.20, 95% CI 0.19 to 4.21, p=0.027) and entertainment news videos (MD 2.57, 95% CI 0.66 to 4.49, p=0.004); and mJAMA scores than entertainment news videos (MD 1.21, 95% CI 0.07 to 2.36, p=0.033) and consumer videos (MD 1.27, 95% CI 0.10 to 2.44, p=0.028). However, they only accounted for 11% of videos and 10% of views. CONCLUSION: Over one-quarter of the most viewed YouTube videos on COVID-19 contained misleading information, reaching millions of viewers worldwide. As the current COVID-19 pandemic worsens, public health agencies must better use YouTube to deliver timely and accurate information and to minimise the spread of misinformation. This may play a significant role in successfully managing the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Coronavirus , Disseminação de Informação , Internet , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Gravação em Vídeo
15.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Taking an active role in healthcare requires comprehensive health knowledge. One's own online search for health information can contribute to an appropriate information base. Therefore, it seems essential to determine the extent to which online services and health apps are currently used in Germany as well as to analyze which personal and motivational factors influence whether and how often the German public search for health information online or use health apps. METHODS: We conducted an online survey among the German public in a sample stratified by demographic characteristics (N = 3000). The questionnaire measured the health-related use of the Internet and health apps as well as possible personal and motivational factors. The relevance of these factors for explaining the Internet use for health-related purposes was determined by regression analyses. RESULTS: While health-related information searches using the Internet are widespread in Germany, health apps are used less frequently. In particular health information platforms are most frequently used to search for information on disease symptoms. Turning to the Internet for health-related purposes is mainly influenced by motivational factors. Having current health problems and possessing information-seeking skills are particularly influential factors for an individual's Internet use. CONCLUSIONS: In order to unfold the potential associated with health-related online information-seeking behaviors, it is necessary that people are motivated and feel competent to gather online information themselves. In particular, the corresponding skills need to be promoted in order to reduce the risk of increasing informational, health, and social disparities.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Alemanha , Humanos , Motivação , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Ann Plast Surg ; 85(2S Suppl 2): S171-S172, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: National plastic surgery society web sites are an important source of information for patients, family members, and healthcare professionals. There are currently no standardized recommendations for the information provided on web sites. The aim of this study was to assess the information available on each national plastic surgery society web site on the current pandemic of COVID-19. METHODS: A Google search was performed of United Nations member sovereign states to determine whether they had a national plastic surgery society web site and to assess its contents. The presence of COVID-19 information was recorded. Access to contact information, Facebook page, Twitter, and Instagram handles were noted. RESULTS: Thirty-five percent of sovereign states had plastic surgery society web sites. Twenty-two percent of national society web sites had a specific COVID-19 section. Fourteen (93%) of these 15 web sites had COVID-19-specific guidelines available for health care professionals. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 information provided by national plastic surgery society web sites is sparse. Two-thirds of national plastic surgery societies do not have a web presence. The availability of COVID-19 clinical guidelines and patient information sheets on national plastic surgery society web sites is limited. This study suggests that improvement and increase in COVID-19 information provided by many national plastic surgery society web sites are needed.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Betacoronavirus , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Internet , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Sociedades Médicas , Cirurgia Plástica , Saúde Global , Humanos
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 446-451, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294851

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of rare disease related health information release in WeChat official accounts in China. Methods: We used a series of key words containing "rare diseases" and the names of the top 30 rare diseases in hospitalizations in China to search WeChat official accounts. Eligible articles were selected by systematic sampling. All including WeChat official accounts and articles were evaluated to extract the basic information. Results: No relevant WeChat official accounts were found for 14 rare diseases (46.67%). Most of the WeChat official accounts (52.17%) were initiated by patients and patient groups. No significant difference was detected in the total number of articles between the official accounts related with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and non-TCM related ones, however, the frequency of the monthly information release was significantly higher in TCM related official accounts (P<0.001), while the average reading number of articles was significantly higher in non-TCM related official accounts (P<0.001). Nearly 80% of the WeChat official accounts had navigation menu, and the average reading number of official accounts with menus was larger than those without menus. The top three topics were rare disease diagnosis and treatment knowledge (46.00%), public welfare activity for rare diseases (12.81%) and uncorrelated things (8.65%), while the first three leading topics were cutting-edge information, public welfare activity and patient story, respectively. Conclusions: The scale for rare disease related health information release based on WeChat official accounts in China has been basically formed, but it is still in development stage. Many improvements should be made in their coverage of rare diseases, release frequency, topic and form. It is urgent to establish or recreate some high-quality WeChat official accounts in order to provide precise information and effectively facilitate the prevention and treatment of rare diseases.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Raras , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos
19.
J Am Med Inform Assoc ; 27(7): 991-999, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311036

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Many countries have implemented quarantine rules during the global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Understanding how hospitals can continue providing services in an effective manner under these circumstances is thus important. In this study, we investigate how information technology (IT) helped hospitals in mainland China better respond to the outbreak of the pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a content analysis of pages published on the websites of the top 50 hospitals in mainland China between January 22 and February 21, 2020. In total, we analyzed 368 pages that the hospitals published during the initial days of the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose was to identify common themes related to the utilization of IT by these hospitals in response to the pandemic's outbreak. RESULTS: We identified 5 focal themes across the webpages published by the hospitals during our study period, including (1) popular medical science education, (2) digitalized hospital processes, (3) knowledge management for medical professionals, (4) telemedicine, and (5) new IT initiatives for healthcare services. Our analysis revealed that Chinese hospitals spent greater effort in promoting popular medical science education in the initial stages of our study period and more on telemedicine in the latter stages. DISCUSSION: We propose a configurational approach for hospitals to design response strategies to pandemic outbreaks based on their available resources. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides rich insights for hospitals to better utilize their IT resources and some recommendations for policymaker to better support hospitals in the future.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Administração Hospitalar , Aplicações da Informática Médica , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Médica , Hospitais , Humanos , Internet , Informática Médica , Terminologia como Assunto
20.
Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med ; 22(4): 255-261, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267787

RESUMO

Importance: In the modern-day health care environment, it is expected that a large proportion of patients will utilize the Internet to gather health care-related information. However, online sources are often not subjected to adequate quality control measures. Objective: To evaluate the quality of printed online education materials (POEMs) pertaining to elective facial cosmetic surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a descriptive correlational study. Independent Internet searches for the terms "rhinoplasty," "rhytidectomy," "blepharoplasty," and "browlift" were carried out using the Google search engine. The top 20 web resources for each term were analyzed. Main Outcomes and Measures: All web resources were analyzed for HONcode certification. The DISCERN instrument was then used to determine reliability and specificity of information, whereas readability was assessed using the Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score and the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL). Results: Of the resulting 80 web resources, 30% (n = 24) were HONcode certified. None of the surgical society web resources (n = 12) were HONcode certified, and only 42% (n = 8) of web resources associated with academic institutions were HONcode certified. Out of a maximum DISCERN score of 80, the mean (standard deviation [SD]) scores were 48 (11) for rhinoplasty, 50 (11) for rhytidectomy, 47 (11) for blepharoplasty, and 45 (10) for browlift. The mean DISCERN scores of the HONcode-certified web resources did not differ significantly from scores of uncertified web resources (p = 0.069). There was no significant difference in overall mean DISCERN scores for the different web resource categories. The mean (SD) FRE score was 45.7 (11.9), whereas the mean FKGL score was 10.7 (1.9). HONcode-certified web resources had significantly higher FRE scores (p = 0.028) and significantly lower FKGL scores (p = 0.0003). Conclusions and Relevance: A significant proportion of POEMs regarding elective cosmetic facial plastic surgery remains uncertified and of inadequate quality. This can negatively impact the informed decision-making process and increase the risk of poor outcomes and lower satisfaction rates.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Técnicas Cosméticas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Face , Internet , Acreditação , Compreensão , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Ferramenta de Busca
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