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1.
Cancer Invest ; 38(4): 228-239, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208057

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to characterize both by flow cytometry analysis and immunohistochemistry cervix uteri cells of nulliparous women screened for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in comparison to a group without CIN by using mesenchymal stem cell-like and hematopoietic lineage markers. A significant expression for CD29, CD38, HLA-I, and HLA-II was correlated positively to the CIN degree and it was more relevant in patients positive for human papilloma virus (HPV). Thus, identification and detailed characterization of pluripotent resident in uteri cells could be a promising therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Colo do Útero/citologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/análise , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/imunologia , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/metabolismo , Adulto , Biópsia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/imunologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/imunologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/imunologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/análise , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/análise , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunofenotipagem , Integrina beta1/análise , Integrina beta1/imunologia , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/análise , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Gradação de Tumores , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/imunologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/virologia , Papillomaviridae/imunologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 983-990, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer death. Patients eligible for surgery have better overall survival rate than patients who are not eligible. We investigated the prognostic value of p16 in patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer, in association with other factors such as PD-L1 and Ki-67. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of p16 was evaluated along with the presence of Ki-67 and PD-L1 in 256 NSCLC patients treated only surgically. RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma was the prevalent histotype (56%) followed by squamous cell (29%) and differentiation grade of 3 was the most common (60%). p16 was detected in 83 patients (30%): low positivity (<10% cells) was observed in 30 samples (11%) and high positivity (>10 % cells) in 53 patients (20%). Ki-67 was detected in 89 patients (34%) with mild positivity in 46 patients (10-25% cells), moderate positivity (26-75% cells) in 30 patients (11%), and high positivity (>75% cells) in 13 patients (5%). An influence of p16 expression (p<0.05) along with grading and staging on overall survival (OS) was found. The average OS was 36 months, but the OS increased up to 54 months when patients were stratified according to p16 expression levels. The stratification by staging showed a significant prognostic value for p16 at an early stage (p<0.014). CONCLUSION: p16 significantly influences prognosis, notably at an early stage, along with other variables such as grading and staging.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
3.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 69(4): 549-558, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970439

RESUMO

In oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), the relationships between immune responses, carcinogens, and prognoses are not clarified yet. Here, we retrospectively reviewed the pathology samples of 46 OPSCC patients, and used p16 to determine their human papillomavirus (HPV) status. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was also analyzed for further comparison. The immunofluorescence staining of proinflammatory cytokines showed that high interferon gamma (IFNγ; T helper 1; Th1), low interleukin 4 (IL4; T helper 2; Th2), low thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP; Th2), and low transforming growth factor beta (TGFß; T regulatory; Treg) expressions were good prognostic factors for OPSCC. p16-positive OPSCC showed higher Th1, lower Th2/Treg proinflammatory cytokine expressions, and a better prognosis than p16-negative OPSCC. In smokers alone, although p16-positive OPSCC smokers showed weaker Th2/Treg predominant cytokine expressions than p16-negative OPSCC smokers, the prognoses of both groups were equally poor. As for p16-positive OPSCC patients alone, p16-positive nonsmokers showed a significantly better prognosis than p16-positive smokers, but the immune responses of both groups were all weakly Th2/Treg predominant. Overall, higher Th1 and lower Th2/Treg proinflammatory cytokine expressions are associated with a better prognosis for OPSCC. HPV may be related to increased Th1, decreased Th2/Treg responses, and a good prognosis, while smoking may be related to increased Th2/Treg, decreased Th1 responses, and a poor prognosis in OPSCC. The impact of smoking on immune deviation may be weaker than that of HPV, but the impact of smoking on prognosis may be stronger than that of HPV in OPSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinógenos/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/fisiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 37, 2020 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896747

RESUMO

Nutrients are absorbed solely by the intestinal villi. Aging of this organ causes malabsorption and associated illnesses, yet its aging mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we show that aging-caused intestinal villus structural and functional decline is regulated by mTORC1, a sensor of nutrients and growth factors, which is highly activated in intestinal stem and progenitor cells in geriatric mice. These aging phenotypes are recapitulated in intestinal stem cell-specific Tsc1 knockout mice. Mechanistically, mTORC1 activation increases protein synthesis of MKK6 and augments activation of the p38 MAPK-p53 pathway, leading to decreases in the number and activity of intestinal stem cells as well as villus size and density. Targeting p38 MAPK or p53 prevents or rescues ISC and villus aging and nutrient absorption defects. These findings reveal that mTORC1 drives aging by augmenting a prominent stress response pathway in gut stem cells and identify p38 MAPK as an anti-aging target downstream of mTORC1.


Assuntos
Intestinos/citologia , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/fisiologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Senescência Celular , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/citologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Intestinos/fisiologia , MAP Quinase Quinase 6/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/antagonistas & inibidores , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Proteína 1 do Complexo Esclerose Tuberosa/genética , Proteína 1 do Complexo Esclerose Tuberosa/metabolismo
5.
Acta Cytol ; 64(1-2): 30-39, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30783052

RESUMO

Human papilloma virus (HPV)-related squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is biologically unique and has a better prognosis than conventional SCC of the head and neck. p16 immunohistochemistry emerged as a valuable surrogate marker for HPV in oropharyngeal SCC. The criteria for a positive p16 result in tissue specimens are well established. However, there is no consensus regarding interpreting p16 staining in cell blocks and other cytology specimens. This review discusses the current evidence on p16 testing in cytology specimens and also highlights other methods for HPV testing, including DNA and RNA in situ hybridization, as well as other molecular HPV tests.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Biópsia por Agulha Fina/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ/métodos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(4): 925-933, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858242

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cervical metastasis from unknown primary (CUP) is commonly classified as an advanced overall stage. P16 or human papillomavirus (HPV) positivity in metastatic lymph nodes (LN) might be associated with a favorable survival outcome of CUP. Therefore, we evaluated the prognostic values of p16 immuno-positivity in LN and other clinicopathological factors in patients with squamous cell carcinoma CUP (SCCUP). METHODS: This study involved 83 patients who underwent therapeutic neck dissection and panendoscopic examination and biopsy for suspected CUP. P16 immunostaining and HPV typing in LN were performed in 56 patients. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Postoperatively, primary tumors (PT) were found in 32 (38.6%) patients, mainly (90.6%) in the oropharynx, and not found in 51 (61.4%) patients. The clinicopathological data (except for histological grade) and 5-year OS and DFS rates did not significantly differ between patients with and without PT identification (all P > 0.05). P16 positivity was associated with favorable OS and DFS outcomes in the patients with PT (P < 0.05) but not in those without PT (P > 0.1). Multivariate analyses showed that age (> 60 years) and LN ratio (≥ 0.1) were the independent predictors of OS and DFS outcomes (all P < 0.05). P16 positivity or other factors were not independent factors. CONCLUSION: Age and LN ratio are significant risk factors of survival and recurrence after primary surgery for SCCUP. Prognostic significance of LN p16 positivity should be further studied.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/secundário , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/virologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esvaziamento Cervical , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/metabolismo , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6307-6316, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) could be clinically undetectable despite the relatively large size of lymph node metastases. Here, we aimed to elucidate the correlation of p16 expression with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Radically resected 121 OPSCC and 270 non-OPSCC tissue samples were included in the analysis, and p16, Twist, and Snail/Slug immunohistochemistry was performed. RESULTS: Compared to non-OPSCCs, OPSCCs were significantly associated with lymphovascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, larger maximal diameter of metastatic foci in the lymph nodes, and p16 expression. In addition, p16 expression correlated with high Twist and Snail/Slug expression. CONCLUSION: Expression of EMT markers, such as Twist and Snail/Slug, is related to p16 expression in OPSCC. This might indicate that HPV infection in OPSCCs alters the expression of EMT markers and results in metastases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Linfonodos/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Carga Tumoral
8.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(10): 1665-1673, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582654

RESUMO

Houttuynia cordata (HC) is a traditional oriental herbal medicinal plant widely used as a component of complex prescriptions in Asia for alopecia treatment. The effect of HC on hair growth and its underlying mechanism, however, have not been demonstrated or clarified. In this study, we investigated the hair growth promoting effect of HC in cultured human dermal papilla cells (hDPCs). HC extract was found to stimulate the proliferation of hDPCs and this stimulation might be in part a consequence of activated cellular energy metabolism, because treatment of HC extract increased the generation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and ATP through increasing the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ). In the context of cell cycle, HC extract increased the expression of CDK4 and decreased the expression of CCNA2 and CCNB1, implying that HC extract might induce G1 phase progression of DPCs which resulted in enhanced proliferation. HC extract increased the expression of Bcl2 essential for maintaining hair follicle anagen stage and cell survival. On the contrary, the expression of p16 and p21 was down-regulated by HC extract. In addition, HC extract enhanced the secretion of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-aa and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and AKT. Furthermore, HC extract prolonged anagen stage in organ cultured human hair follicles. Our data strongly suggest that HC extract could support hair growth by stimulating proliferation of DPCs and elongating anagen stage, resulted from enhanced cellular energy metabolism and modulation of gene expression related to cell cycle, apoptosis, and growth factors.


Assuntos
Folículo Piloso/citologia , Cabelo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Saururaceae , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Cabelo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
9.
EMBO J ; 38(23): e101982, 2019 12 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633821

RESUMO

Cellular senescence has been shown to contribute to skin ageing. However, the role of melanocytes in the process is understudied. Our data show that melanocytes are the only epidermal cell type to express the senescence marker p16INK4A during human skin ageing. Aged melanocytes also display additional markers of senescence such as reduced HMGB1 and dysfunctional telomeres, without detectable telomere shortening. Additionally, senescent melanocyte SASP induces telomere dysfunction in paracrine manner and limits proliferation of surrounding cells via activation of CXCR3-dependent mitochondrial ROS. Finally, senescent melanocytes impair basal keratinocyte proliferation and contribute to epidermal atrophy in vitro using 3D human epidermal equivalents. Crucially, clearance of senescent melanocytes using the senolytic drug ABT737 or treatment with mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ suppressed this effect. In conclusion, our study provides proof-of-concept evidence that senescent melanocytes affect keratinocyte function and act as drivers of human skin ageing.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Atrofia/patologia , Senescência Celular , Melanócitos/patologia , Pele/patologia , Telômero/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Atrofia/induzido quimicamente , Células Cultivadas , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Epiderme/efeitos dos fármacos , Epiderme/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melanócitos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comunicação Parácrina , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Pele/metabolismo , Telômero/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
10.
Klin Onkol ; 32(4): 252-260, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of oropharyngeal carcinomas associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) is continuously increasing. HPV-positive and -negative oropharyngeal carcinomas have different epidemiological, clinical, and molecular features, with HPV-positive tumors having a better response to treatment and better prognosis. An adequate staging system for HPV-related oropharyngeal carcinomas is needed, as the American Joint Committee on Cancer 7th Edition did not consider their unique biological behavior. At present, oropharyngeal carcinomas are subdivided into p16 positive and p16 negative tumors, based on their expression of p16, a surrogate marker of high-risk HPV. PURPOSE: This review summarizes current knowledge of HPV-associated oropharyngeal carcinomas with emphasis on their molecular features and histopathology, as well as summarizes and compares HPV detection methods and genotyping techniques. This review also describes the prognostic significance of p16 expression in these tumors and significant changes in the staging of oropharyngeal carcinomas based on p16 expression, together with the justifications for these changes. Finally, this review reports the recommendations of the College of American Pathologists for testing HPV in head and neck cancers, supported by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. This work was supported by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, grant No. 15-31627A. All rights reserved. Autoři deklarují, že v souvislosti s předmětem studie nemají žádné komerční zájmy. Redakční rada potvrzuje, že rukopis práce splnil ICMJE kritéria pro publikace zasílané do biomedicínských časopisů. Submitted: 18. 2. 2019 Accepted: 30. 5. 2019.


Assuntos
Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prognóstico
11.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(10): 1720-1725, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378747

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death, approximately 85% of which are non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here we found that artemether (ART), a natural derivative of artemisinin, significantly inhibits the proliferation of NSCLC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We also demonstrated that high concentration of ART induces apoptosis in NSCLC cells through down-regulating the level of anti-apoptotic protein B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1 (cIAP1) and cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (cIAP2). While low concentration of ART inhibits the mRNA level of cell cycle related genes including cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), cyclin A2, cyclin B1 and cyclin D1, leading to cell cycle arrest in NSCLC cells. Moreover, we confirmed that low concentration of ART induces DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs), as well as promoting cellular senescence in NSCLC cells by up-regulating the mRNA and protein level of p16. Taken together, ART represents a promising new anti-NSCLC drug candidate that could attenuate progression of NSCLC cells in a p53-independent manner through inducing apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and promoting cellular senescence.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artemeter/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Artemeter/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinases Ciclina-Dependentes/metabolismo , Ciclinas/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
12.
Arkh Patol ; 81(3): 12-18, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the expression of the molecular markers p53 and p16INK4A in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and to assess their impact on its clinical and morphological characteristics and overall survival (OS) rates in patients with HNSCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Histological blocks were immunohistochemically studied using anti-p16 and p53 monoclonal antibodies in Krasnodar Clinical Oncology Dispensary One in 2011 to 2016. Overexpression of p16INK4A was established in the presence of 3 and 4 staining points (nuclear and/or cytoplasmic staining in 40% or more tumor cells). That of p53 was determined in the presence of nuclear staining (3+) in more than 50% of tumor cells. RESULTS: Overexpression of p16 was found in 15 (27%) patients (9 (60%) men and 6 (40%) women). The p16-positive tumor status was associated with the female sex (p=0.023), which was characteristic of tonsil cancer (p<0.001) and represented by the nonkeratinizing type (p=0.008). Overexpression of p16 was associated with more frequent regional lymph node metastases (p=0.029). Overexpression of p53 was related to G2 tumor (p=0.021) and expression of p53 was less than 50% associated with tongue body cancer (p=0.004). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 3-year OS in p16-positive HNSCC patients was significantly higher than that in p16-negative ones (p=0.048). Significantly higher OS rates were observed in p16-positive HNSCC patients than in p16INK4A-negative ones for Stage III-IV (p=0.021). OS rates in HNSCC patients with co-expression of p16INK4A (3 and 4 points) and p53 (3+) were significantly higher than in the absence of a combination of these molecular markers (p=0.049). At the same time, OS in HNSCC patients with co-expression of p16INK4A (3 and 4 points), p53 (3+) was significantly higher than in the absence of a set of these molecular markers for stage III-IV (p=0.01). OS in patients with Stages I-II HNNSCC and co-expression of p16INK4A (3 and 4 points) and p53 (3+) did not significantly differ from that in the absence of a set of these molecular markers (p=0.960). CONCLUSION: Overexpression of p16INK4A (3 and 4 points) can be used as a prognostic marker to divide patients into subgroups with different clinical and morphological characteristics. The data on the correlation of p53 overexpression as a marker of mutations in the TP53 gene are contradictory and the study has not revealed the worst overall survival rates. A set of markers for the expression of p16 (≥40%) and p53 (≥50%) has been proposed for use as a favorable prognostic sign.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Genes p53 , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
13.
Elife ; 82019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259687

RESUMO

Patterning is a critical step during organogenesis and is closely associated with the physiological function of organs. Tooth root shapes are finely tuned to provide precise occlusal support to facilitate the function of each tooth type. However, the mechanism regulating tooth root patterning and development is largely unknown. In this study, we provide the first in vivo evidence demonstrating that Ezh2 in the dental mesenchyme determines patterning and furcation formation during dental root development in mouse molars. Mechanistically, an antagonistic interaction between epigenetic regulators Ezh2 and Arid1a controls Cdkn2a expression in the dental mesenchyme to regulate dental root patterning and development. These findings indicate the importance of balanced epigenetic regulation in determining the tooth root pattern and the integration of roots with the jaw bones to achieve physiological function. Collectively, our study provides important clues about the regulation of organogenesis and has general implications for tooth regeneration in the future.


Assuntos
Padronização Corporal , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Dente Molar/embriologia , Raiz Dentária/embriologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Processo Alveolar/embriologia , Processo Alveolar/metabolismo , Animais , Epitélio/embriologia , Epitélio/metabolismo , Defeitos da Furca/patologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Mesoderma/embriologia , Mesoderma/metabolismo , Metilação , Camundongos Transgênicos , Odontoblastos/metabolismo , Ligamento Periodontal/embriologia , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo
14.
Genes Cells ; 24(9): 627-635, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294895

RESUMO

Cellular senescence plays an important role in aging and is induced by cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitors that accumulate following stresses during aging. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Herein, we demonstrate that activating transcription factor 7 (ATF7), the stress-responsive recruiter of histone H3K9 di- and trimethyltransferases, functions in the accumulation of Cdk inhibitors. Atf7-deficient (Atf7-/- ) mice have a shorter lifespan than wild-type (WT) mice. Levels of p16Ink4a Cdk inhibitor mRNA increased with age more rapidly in Atf7-/- mice than in WT animals. ATF7 binds to the p16Ink4a gene promoter and was released with age. Consistently, histone H3K9me2 levels on the p16Ink4a gene promoter were lower in Atf7-/- mice than in WT animals. Similar results were obtained when Atf7-/- and WT mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were cultured under 20% oxygen conditions, which induces cellular senescence via oxidative stress. Phosphorylation of ATF7 by p38 was also increased with the passage of MEFs, consistent with previous observations that ATF7 phosphorylation by p38 induces its release from chromatin. These results indicate that stress-induced and ATF7-dependent epigenetic changes on p16Ink4a genes play an important role in cellular senescence.


Assuntos
Fatores Ativadores da Transcrição/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Epigênese Genética , Estresse Oxidativo , Fatores Ativadores da Transcrição/genética , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Feminino , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Longevidade , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
15.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(6): 724-730, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between CDKN2A and CDKN2B gene methylation with aging in the general population. METHODS: We collected peripheral blood samples from 284 male and 246 female healthy subjects for detection of methylation levels of CDKN2A and CDKN2B genes using quantitative methylation-specific PCR (qMSP). The relationship between the methylation levels of CDKN2A and CDKN2B genes and aging was analyzed using Spearman or Pearson correlation test. RESULTS: We found a significant positive correlation between the methylation levels of the two genes in these subjects (P < 0.05). In the overall population as well in the female subjects, CDKN2A methylation was found to be inversely correlated with age (P < 0.05). The methylation levels of CDKN2A and CDKN2B genes were inversely correlated with TG, ApoE, Lp(a) and AST in the overall population (P < 0.05). In both the female and male subjects, the methylation levels of the two genes were inversely correlated with Lp(a) (P < 0.05). In the male subjects, CDKN2A methylation was inversely correlated with AST (P < 0.05), while CDKN2B methylation was inversely correlated with HDL and ApoE (P < 0.05). In the female subjects, CDKN2A methylation was positively correlated with LDL and inversely correlated with ApoE and AST (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The methylation levels of CDKN2A and CDKN2B are closely related to age and the levels of multiple proteins in healthy subjects.


Assuntos
Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Envelhecimento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
16.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 20(7): 2125-2130, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350975

RESUMO

Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignancy with high incidence in Southern China and South-East Asia. NPC incidence among males in Indonesia is estimated around 8.3/100,000 populations. Tobacco smoking is a common risk factor for cancer, including NPC. P16 is one of the key proteins related to the activation of apoptotic pathways, that commonly change during carcinogenesis. Carcinogenesis is often related to environmental exposure, including tobacco smoke. Objective: To analyze the association between P16 protein and smoking status among NPC subjects in Indonesia. Methods: Forty formalin fixed-paraffin embedded NPC tissue samples of known smoking status (20 smokers, 20 non-smokers) were collected from the Department of Anatomical Pathology, Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta. P16 was detected by immunohistochemistry staining. German semi-quantitative scoring system was applied to the P16 staining. Expression index with the score of 0 to 3 was classified as negative staining, meanwhile 4 to 12 was classified as positive staining. The association between P16 (score) and smoking status among NPC patients was analyzed using Fischer exact test. One-sided p ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: All samples were Javanese males, with age range 25-76 years old. P16 positive staining among smokers was 5% (1/20), while among non-smokers was 40% (8/20). P16 among smokers was significantly lower than non-smokers patients (p=0.010). No difference was found between quantity of smoke and P16 score. Conclusion : A significant association between P16 and smoking status in Indonesian NPC patients has been revealed. The result of this study may be used to improve prevention and management of NPC cases related to smoking habit in Indonesia.


Assuntos
Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/etiologia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fumar/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Prognóstico , Fumar/efeitos adversos
17.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 105(3): 548-558, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271827

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus negative (HPV-ve) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has a poor prognosis compared with HPV+ve HNSCCs. Expression of p16 in HPV+ve HNSCC is thought to mediate radiosensitivity via inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6. We used a clinically approved CDK4/CDK6 inhibitor, palbociclib, and assessed its effect on radiosensitivity in HNSCC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The effect of palbociclib on radiosensitivity was determined in HPV-ve and HPV+ve HNSCC cell lines using colony survival assays, immunofluorescent staining of repair proteins, homologous recombination assays, cell cycle, and metaphase spread analyses. RESULTS: Only HPV-ve HNSCC cells were radiosensitized by palbociclib, which also occurred at hypoxic levels associated with radioresistance. Palbociclib led to decreased induction of BRCA1 and RAD51 after irradiation. Homologous recombination was diminished and repair of radiation-induced DNA damage was delayed in the presence of palbociclib, leading to increased chromosomal damage. Failure to repair radiation-induced damage led to cell death as a result of mitotic catastrophe. CONCLUSIONS: Here, we highlight a therapeutic strategy to improve the radiosensitivity of HPV-ve HNSCC, a patient group that has an unmet and urgent need for improved radiation therapy efficacy.


Assuntos
Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Tolerância a Radiação , Radiossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Aberrações Cromossômicas/induzido quimicamente , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Recombinação Homóloga , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Papillomaviridae , Fosforilação , Rad51 Recombinase/metabolismo , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Hipóxia Tumoral , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco
18.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 58(11): 815-819, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340073

RESUMO

Minimal residual disease (MRD) assessment is an essential tool in contemporary acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) protocols, being used for therapeutic decisions such as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in high-risk patients. However, a significant proportion of adult ALL patients with negative MRD still relapse suggesting that other factors (ie, molecular alterations) must be considered in order to identify those patients with high risk of disease progression. We have identified partial IKZF1 gene deletions and CDKN2A/B deletions as markers of disease recurrence and poor survival in a series of uniformly treated adolescent and adult Philadelphia chromosome-negative B-cell progenitor ALL patients treated according to the Programa Español de Tratamientos en Hematología protocols. Importantly, CDKN2A/B deletions showed independent significance of MRD at the end of induction, which points out the need for treatment intensification in these patients despite being MRD-negative after induction therapy.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição Ikaros/metabolismo , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Prognóstico , Recidiva
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(14)2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer cells are known to change proliferation and migration under simulated microgravity. In this study, we sought to evaluate cell adherence, apoptosis, cytoskeleton arrangement, and gene expression under simulated microgravity. METHODS: Human lung cancer cells were exposed to simulated microgravity in a random-positioning machine (RPM). Cell morphology and adherence were observed under phase-contrast microscopy, cytoskeleton staining was performed, apoptosis rate was determined, and changes in gene and protein expression were detected by real-time PCR with western blot confirmation. RESULTS: Three-dimensional (3D)-spheroid formation was observed under simulated microgravity. Cell viability was not impaired. Actin filaments showed a shift in alignment from longitudinal to spherical. Apoptosis rate was significantly increased in the spheroids compared to the control. TP53, CDKN2A, PTEN, and RB1 gene expression was significantly upregulated in the adherent cells under simulated microgravity with an increase in corresponding protein production for p14 and RB1. SOX2 expression was significantly upregulated in the adherent cells, but protein was not. Gene expressions of AKT3, PIK3CA, and NFE2L2 remained unaltered. CONCLUSION: Simulated microgravity induces alteration in cell adherence, increases apoptosis rate, and leads to upregulation of tumor suppressor genes in human lung cancer cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Adesão Celular/genética , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ausência de Peso , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto de Actina/ultraestrutura , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo , Mucosa Respiratória/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Retinoblastoma/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Esferoides Celulares/metabolismo , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Simulação de Ausência de Peso/instrumentação , Simulação de Ausência de Peso/métodos
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2568, 2019 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189923

RESUMO

Activation of the p16Ink4a-associated senescence pathway during aging breaks muscle homeostasis and causes degenerative muscle disease by irreversibly dampening satellite cell (SC) self-renewal capacity. Here, we report that the zinc-finger transcription factor Slug is highly expressed in quiescent SCs of mice and functions as a direct transcriptional repressor of p16Ink4a. Loss of Slug promotes derepression of p16Ink4a in SCs and accelerates the entry of SCs into a fully senescent state upon damage-induced stress. p16Ink4a depletion partially rescues defects in Slug-deficient SCs. Furthermore, reduced Slug expression is accompanied by p16Ink4a accumulation in aged SCs. Slug overexpression ameliorates aged muscle regeneration by enhancing SC self-renewal through active repression of p16Ink4a transcription. Our results identify a cell-autonomous mechanism underlying functional defects of SCs at advanced age. As p16Ink4a dysregulation is the chief cause for regenerative defects of human geriatric SCs, these findings highlight Slug as a potential therapeutic target for aging-associated degenerative muscle disease.


Assuntos
Autorrenovação Celular/genética , Senescência Celular/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Animais , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Modelos Animais , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/genética
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