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1.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(10): 1116-1122, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582631

RESUMO

In recent studies, combinations of histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibitor with kinase inhibitor showed additive and synergistic effects. BRafV600E as an attractive target in many diseases treatments has been studied extensively. Herein, we present a novel design approach though incorporating the pharmacophores of BRafV600E inhibitor and HDACs inhibitor in one molecule. Several synthesized compounds exhibited distinct BRafV600E and HDAC1 inhibitory activities. The representative dual Raf/HDAC inhibitor, 7a, showed better antiproliferative activities against A549 and SK-Mel-2 in cellular assay than SAHA and sorafenib, with IC50 values of 9.11 µM and 5.40 µM, respectively. This work may lay the foundation for the further development of dual Raf/HDAC inhibitors as potential anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
2.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 19(15): 1276-1288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526339

RESUMO

C-Met, also referred to as Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor (HGFR), is a heterodimeric receptor tyrosine kinase. It has been determined that c-Met gene mutations, overexpression, and amplification also occur in a variety of human tumor types, and these events are closely related to the aberrant activation of the HGF/c-Met signaling pathway. Meanwhile, high c-Met expression is closely associated with poor prognosis in cancer patients. The c-Met kinase has emerged as an attractive target for developing antitumor agents. In this review, we cover the recent advances on the small molecule c-Met inhibitors discovered from 2018 until now, with a main focus on the rational design, synthesis and structureactivity relationship analysis.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/síntese química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química
3.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1314-1320, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307243

RESUMO

BRAF belongs to the upstream portion of the MAPK pathway, which is involved in cell proliferation and survival. When mutations occur in BRAF, downstream MEK and ERK are phosphorylated irrespective of RAS, resulting in melanoma-like cancer. Over the years, small molecules targeting BRAFV600E have been discovered to be very effective melanoma drugs, but they are known to cause the BRAF paradox. Recently, it was shown that this paradox is caused by the heterodimer phenomenon of BRAF/CRAF. Here, we suggest one method by which paradoxical activation can be avoided by selectively inhibiting BRAFV600E and CRAF but not wild-type BRAF. From previous report of N-(3-(3-alkyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl) phenyl) aryl amide as a selective inhibitor of BRAFV600E and CRAF, we present compounds that offer enhanced selectivity and efficacy with the aid of molecular modelling.


Assuntos
Projeto Auxiliado por Computador , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1347-1367, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322015

RESUMO

In the designed compounds, either a biarylamide or biarylurea moiety or an N-substituted piperazine motif was linked to position 1 of the phthalazine core. The anti-proliferative activity of the synthesised compounds revealed that eight compounds (6b, 6e, 7b, 13a, 13c, 16a, 16d and 17a) exhibited excellent broad spectrum cytotoxic activity in NCI 5-log dose assays against the full 60 cell panel with GI50 values ranging from 0.15 to 8.41 µM. Moreover, the enzymatic assessment of the synthesised compounds against VEGFR-2 tyrosine kinase showed the significant inhibitory activities of the biarylureas (12b, 12c and 13c) with IC50s of 4.4, 2.7 and 2.5 µM, respectively, and with 79.83, 72.58 and 71.6% inhibition of HUVEC at 10 µM, respectively. Additionally, compounds (7b, 13c and 16a) were found to induce cell cycle arrest at S phase boundary. Compound 7b triggered a concurrent increase in cleaved caspase-3 expression level, indicating the apoptotic-induced cell death.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Ftalazinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ftalazinas/síntese química , Ftalazinas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 707-722, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284081

RESUMO

In the present study, we report the discovery of a novel class of substituted 4-amino-2-thiopyrimidines as antiangiogenic and antiproliferative agents. Structural hybridization between 4-substituted aminopyrimidines (VEGFR-2 inhibitors) and 2-thioxopyrimidines (BRAF inhibitors) was carried out to afford substituted 4-amino-2-thiopyrimidines as type II dual VEGFR-2/BRAF inhibitors. Our design strategy was tailored such that the 4-amino-2-thiopyrimidine scaffold is to be accommodated in the central gate area of the inactive DFG-out conformation of both enzymes. On one side, the hydrophobic substituent on the 4-amino group would occupy the hydrophobic back pocket and on the other side the substituent on the sulfide moiety should extend to fit in the hinge region (front pocket). Molecular docking simulations confirmed the ability of the designed compounds to accomplish the key interactions in VEGFR-2 and BRAF active sites. Most of the synthesized substituted 4-amino-2-thiopyrimidines demonstrated potent VEGFR-2 inhibitory activity at submicromolar concentrations. Compounds 8a, 8d, 9c and 9e showed IC50 = 0.17, 0.12, 0.17 and 0.19 µM, respectively against VEGFR-2 in comparison to sorafenib (I) IC50 = 0.10 µM and regorafenib (II) IC50 = 0.005 µM. While compounds 9c, 9d and 10a showed IC50 = 0.15, 0.22 and 0.11 µM, respectively against BRAF-WT. At 10 µM concentration 9c revealed promising in vitro broad-spectrum antiproliferative activity against cancer cell lines with growth inhibition percent ranging from 10 to 90%. Moreover, compounds 7b, 8d, 9a, 9b, 9c and 9d showed potent activity against MCF7 cell line (IC50 = 17.18, 17.20, 19.98, 19.61, 13.02 and 16.54 µM, respectively). On the other hand, compounds 9c, 9d and 10d were found to be the most potent compounds against T-47D cell line (IC50 = 2.18, 8.09 and 4.36 µM, respectively). Studying the effect of the most potent compounds on VEGFR-2 level in MCF7 cell line revealed that 9c and 9d showed inhibition percent of 84 and 80%, respectively, in comparison to sorafenib (I) (% inhibition = 90%).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 15-27, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299584

RESUMO

Six series of 4-(benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazol-5-yl)-3(5)-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)- pyrazoles 18a-d, 19a-d, 22a-d and 3(5)-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-4-(thieno[3,2,-c]- pyridin-2-yl)pyrazoles 20a-d, 21a-d, 23c, 23d have been synthesized and evaluated for their activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5) and p38α mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitory activities in enzymatic assays. Among these compounds, the most active compound, 22c, inhibited ALK5 phosphorylation with an IC50 value of 0.030 µM in the enzymatic assay. Compound 22c showed four-fold more potent activity against ALK5 kinase than the clinical candidate, compound LY-2157299. The selectivity index of 22c against p38α MAP kinase is 235, which is much higher than that of LY-2157299 (4) and equally selective to that of EW-7197 (218). Compound 22c effectively suppressed protein and mRNA expression of collagen I and α-SMA in TGF-ß-induced LX-2 human hepatic stellate cell (HSC), this result shows that compound 22c has the ability to inhibit the activation of HSC. Compound 22c is expected to be a preclinical candidate for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Desenho de Drogas , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/antagonistas & inibidores , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fibrose/metabolismo , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 72-85, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301565

RESUMO

A series of pyrazole-thiophene derivatives exhibiting good Akt inhibitory activities were obtained on the basis of conformational restriction strategy, leading to the discovery of compound 1d and 1o which showed excellent in vitro antitumor effect against a variety of hematologic cancer cells and their potential of inducing apoptosis, blocking the cell cycles at S phase and significantly inhibiting the phosphorylation of downstream biomarkers of Akt kinase of cancer cells. Amongst, compound 1o also exhibited good PK profiles and inhibited about 40% tumor growth in MM1S xenograft model. Compound 1o might be a potential candidate for further development.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Microssomos Hepáticos/química , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiofenos/administração & dosagem , Tiofenos/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 916-935, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306818

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors. Traditional chemotherapy drugs are hard to reach a satisfactory therapeutic effect since advanced HCC is highly chemo-resistant. Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor that can suppress tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis and induce cancer cell apoptosis. However, the poor solubility, rapid metabolism and low bioavailability of sorafenib greatly restricted its further clinical application. During the past decade, numerous sorafenib derivatives have been designed and synthesized to overcome its disadvantages and improve its clinical performance. This article focuses on the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of various sorafenib derivatives with modifications on the N-methylpicolinamide group, urea group, central aromatic ring or others. More importantly, this review summarizes the current status of the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of reported sorafenib derivatives, which can provide some detailed information of future directions for further structural modifications of sorafenib to discovery new anti-tumor drugs with improved clinical performance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Farmacêutica , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sorafenibe/química
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 358-375, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260890

RESUMO

ALK and ROS1 kinases have become promising therapeutic targets since Crizotinib was used to treat non-small-cell lung cancer clinically. Aiming to explore new potent inhibitors, a series of 2-amino-4-(1-piperidine) pyridine derivatives that stabilized a novel DFG-shifted conformation in the kinase domain of ALK were designed and synthesized on the base of lead compound A. Biological evaluation highlighted that most of these new compounds could also potently inhibit ROS1 kinase, leading to the promising inhibitors against both ROS1 and ALK. Among them, the representative compound 2e stood out potent anti-proliferative activity against ALK-addicted H3122 and ROS1-addicted HCC78 cell lines (IC50 = 6.27 µM and 10.71 µM, respectively), which were comparable to that of Crizotinib. Moreover, 2e showed impressive enzyme activity against clinically Crizotinib-resistant ALKL1196M with an IC50 value of 41.3 nM, which was about 2-fold more potent than that of Crizotinib. 2e also showed potent inhibitory activity in about 6-fold superior to Crizotinib (IC50: 104.7 nM vs. 643.5 nM) in Ba/F3 cell line harboring ROS1G2032R. Furthermore, molecular modeling disclosed that all the representative inhibitors could dock into the active site of ALK and ROS1, which gave a probable explanation of anti Crizotinib-resistant mutants. These results indicated that our work has established a path forward for the generation of anti Crizotinib-resistant ALK/ROS1 dual inhibitors.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Crizotinibe/farmacologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridinas/farmacologia , Células A549 , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Crizotinibe/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Desenho de Drogas , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Piperidinas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Piridinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 470-482, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271959

RESUMO

A series of 3-(imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin-3-ylethynyl)-2-methylbenzamides was designed and synthesized as new tropomyosin receptor kinases (Trks) inhibitors by utilizing a structure-guided optimization strategy. One of the most potent compounds 9o suppressed TrkA/B/C with IC50 values of 2.65, 10.47 and 2.95 nM, respectively. The compound dose-dependently inhibited brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-mediated TrkB activation and suppressed migration and invasion of SH-SY5Y-TrkB neuroblastoma cells expressing high level of TrkB. Inhibitor 9o also inhibited the proliferation of SH-SY5Y-TrkB cells with an IC50 value of 58 nM, which was comparable to that of an US FDA recently approved drug LOXO-101. Compound 9o may serve as a new lead compound for further anti-cancer drug discovery.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Receptor trkB/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Benzamidas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirazinas/síntese química , Pirazinas/química , Receptor trkB/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(63): 9241-9250, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328738

RESUMO

The field of chemical biology has introduced several approaches, typically using chemical probes, to measure the direct binding interaction of a small molecule with its biological target in cells. The use of these direct target engagement assays in pharmaceutical development can support mechanism of action hypothesis testing, rank ordering of compounds, and iterative improvements of chemical matter. This Feature Article highlights a newer application of these approaches: the quantification of target engagement in animal models to support late stage preclinical development and the nomination of a drug candidate to clinical trials. Broadly speaking, these efforts can be divided between compounds that covalently and reversibly interact with protein targets; recent examples for both categories are discussed for a range of targets, along with their limitations. New, promising technologies are also highlighted, in addition to the application of target engagement determination to new therapeutic modalities.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Animais , Interações de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacocinética , Preparações Farmacêuticas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética
12.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 15(8): 4646-4659, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246463

RESUMO

It is widely accepted that drug-target association and dissociation rates directly affect drug efficacy and safety. To rationally optimize drug binding kinetics, one must know the atomic arrangement of the protein-ligand complex during the binding/unbinding process in order to detect stable and metastable states. Whereas experimental approaches can determine kinetic constants with fairly good accuracy, computational approaches based on molecular dynamics (MD) simulations can deliver the atomistic details of the unbinding process. Furthermore, they can also be utilized prospectively to predict residence time (i.e., the inverse of unbinding kinetics constant, koff) with an acceptable level of accuracy. Here, we report a novel method based on adiabatic bias MD with an electrostatics-like collective variable (dubbed elABMD) for sampling protein-ligand dissociation events in two kinases. elABMD correctly ranked a ligand series on glucokinase, in agreement with experimental data and previous calculations. Subsequently, we applied the new method prospectively to a congeneric series of GSK-3ß inhibitors. For this series, new crystal structures were generated and the residence time was experimentally measured with surface plasmon resonance (SPR). There was good agreement between computational predictions and experimental measures, suggesting that elABMD is an innovative and efficient tool for calculating residence times.


Assuntos
Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/química , Humanos , Cinética , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Eletricidade Estática , Termodinâmica
13.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci ; 1122-1123: 78-82, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163324

RESUMO

Selitrectinib is a next generation tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) inhibitor developed to overcome acquired resistance to first generation TRK inhibitors. The drug is a cyclic analogue of larotrectinib. An existing bioanalytical assay for larotrectinib was therefore redesigned for selitrectinib. The assay used liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry in positive selected reaction monitoring mode. Mouse plasma and tissue homogenates of brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, small intestine, spleen, and testis were pretreated using acetonitrile protein precipitation with larotrectinib added as internal standard. Successful validation using current guidelines was obtained in the range 0.5-1000 ng/ml. Precision was within 5-12% and accuracy within 91-108% for all matrices investigated. The drug was stable in all matrices under the relevant storage conditions. Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of selitrectinib were monitored in a pilot study in mice demonstrating the applicability of the presented assay.


Assuntos
Compostos Aza/análise , Compostos Aza/farmacocinética , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/análise , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Compostos Aza/química , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Camundongos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Distribuição Tecidual
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 468-483, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207462

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant disease characterized by abnormal growth and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells. Although the pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated, many specific gene mutations have been found in AML. Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is recognized as a drug target for the treatment of AML, and the activation mutations of FLT3 were found in about 30% of AML patients. Targeted inhibition of FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase has shown promising results in the treatment of FLT3 mutation AML. Unfortunately, the therapeutic effects of FLT3 tyrosine kinase inhibitors used as AML monotherapy are usually accompanied by the high risk of resistance development within a few months after treatment. FLT3 dual inhibitors were generated with the co-inhibition of FLT3 and another target, such as CDK4, JAK2, MEK, Mer, Pim, etc., to solve the problems mentioned above. As a result, the therapeutic effect of the drug is significantly improved, while the toxic and side effects are reduced. Besides, the life quality of AML patients with FLT3 mutation has been effectively improved. In this paper, we reviewed the studies of dual FLT3 inhibitors that have been discovered in recent years for the treatment of AML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 667-686, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228810

RESUMO

PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway plays an important role in cancer cell growth and survival. In this study, a new class of molecules with skeleton of 4-phenyl-2H-benzo[b] [1,4]oxazin-3(4H)-one were designed and synthesized targeting this pathway. Bioassays showed that, among all the molecules, 8d-1 was a pan-class I PI3K/mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.63 nM against PI3Kα. In a wide panel of protein kinases assays, no off-target interactions of 8d-1 were identified. 8d-1 was orally available, and displayed favorable pharmacokinetic parameters in mice (oral bioavailability of 24.1%). In addition, 8d-1 demonstrated significant efficiency in Hela/A549 tumor xenograft models (TGI of 87.7% at dose of 50 mg/kg in Hela model) without causing significant weight loss and toxicity during 30 days treatment. Based on the bioassays, compound 8d-1 could be used as an anti-cancer drug candidate.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoxazinas/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzoxazinas/administração & dosagem , Benzoxazinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 705-714, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229873

RESUMO

As part of our effort to develop new molecular targeted antitumor drug, a novel 2,7-naphthyridone-based MET kinase inhibitor, 8-((4-((2-amino-3-chloropyridin-4-yl)oxy)- 3-fluorophenyl)amino)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,7-naphthyridin-1(2H)-one (13f), was identified. Knowledge of the binding mode of BMS-777607 in MET led to the design of new inhibitors that utilize novel 2,7-naphthyridone scaffold to conformationally restrain the key pharmacophoric groups (block C). Detailed SAR studies resulted in the discovery of a new MET inhibitor 13f, displaying favorable in vitro potency and oral bioavailability. More importantly, 13f exhibited excellent in vivo efficacy (tumor growth inhibition/TGI of 114% and 95% in 50 mg/kg, respectively) both in the U-87 MG and HT-29 xenograft models. The favorable drug-likeness of 13f indicated that 2,7-naphthyridinone may be used a promising novel scaffold for antitumor drug development. The preclinical studies of 13f are under way.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 767-781, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234030

RESUMO

By the analysis of different binding modes with Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), series of novel diphenylthiazole derivatives were rationally designed, synthesized and characterized. Biologically evaluation in biochemistry and cellular assay indicated that, compounds 5m, 5o, 6b, 6c, 6g, 6i, 7h, 7i, 7k, 7m, 7n, 7o and 7s exhibited improved potency against Ramos cell (IC50 = 1.36-8.60 µM) and Raji cell (IC50 = 1.20-14.04 µM) as compared with ibrutinib (IC50 = 14.69 and 15.99 µM, respectively). Especially, compounds 7m and 7n showed 10-time improved potency against Ramos cell viability over ibrutinib. Compound 6b improved 13-fold activity against Raji cell viability than ibrutinib. In addition, active compound 7o potently inhibited C481S mutant BTK with IC50 value of 0.061 µM. Apoptosis analysis of both Ramos and Raji cells indicated that 7o was remarkably more potent than CGI-1746 and ibrutinib. Compound 7o potently inhibited BTK Y223 phosphorylation in Raji cells, and arrested cell cycle progression in the G0/G1 phase in Raji and Ramos cells. This study expanded the structural diversity of BTK inhibitors and compound 7o was discovered as an active lead inhibitor with great potential for further studies.


Assuntos
Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 782-801, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238183

RESUMO

Wogonin, a natural product isolated from the plant Scutellaria baicalensis, has been shown to be a potent and selective inhibitor of CDK9. With the purpose of investigating the activity and selectivity of this chemical scaffold, several series of wogonin derivatives were prepared and screened for CDK9 inhibition and cellular antiproliferative activity. Among these compounds, the drug-like compound 51 showed potent activity against CDK9 (IC50 = 19.9 nM) and MV4-11 cell growth (IC50 = 20 nM). In addition, compound 51 showed much improved physicochemical properties, such as water solubility, compared with the parent compound wogonin. The follow-up studies showed that the compound 51 is selective toward CDK9-overexpressing cancer cells over normal cells. Preliminary mechanism studies on the anticancer effect indicated that 51 inhibited the proliferation of MV4-11 cells via caspase-dependent apoptosis. In addition, highlighted compound 51 showed significant antitumor activity in mouse acute myeloid leukemia (AML) models without producing apparent toxic effects in vivo, which gave us a new tool for further investigation of CDK9-targeted inhibitor as a potential antitumor drug especially for AML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 9 Dependente de Ciclina , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Flavanonas/síntese química , Flavanonas/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 802-817, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252285

RESUMO

We report in this work the discovery of novel allosteric MEK inhibitors by pharmacophore modeling and virtual screening. Two out of 13 virtual hit compounds were identified as MEK kinase inhibitors using a MEK1 binding assay. Structural derivations on the hit compound M100 (IC50 = 27.2 ±â€¯4.5 µM in RAF-MEK cascading assay) by substituent transformation and bioisosterism replacement have led to the synthesis of a small library of carbazoles. The enzymatic studies revealed the preliminary structure-activity relationships and the derivative 22k (IC50 = 12.8 ±â€¯0.5 µM) showed the most potent inhibitory effect against Raf-MEK cascading. Compound 7 was discovered as toxic as M100 to tumor cells whereas safer to HEK293 cells (IC50 > 100 µM) than M100 (IC50 = 8.9 ±â€¯2.0 µM). It suggests that carbazole is a good scaffold for the design of novel MEK inhibitors for therapeutic uses. More importantly, the developed pharmacophore model can serve as a reliable criterion in novel MEK inhibitor discovery.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Carbazóis/síntese química , Carbazóis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HEK293 , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 352-364, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200237

RESUMO

Targeting CDK4/6 has been identified as an effective therapeutics for treatment of cancer. We herein reported the discovery of a series of 6-(2-(methylamino)ethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-2-amine derivatives as CDK4/6 inhibitors against cancer. Compound 3c, which displayed high potency and selectivity on CDK4/6 (IC50 = 0.710/1.10 nM) over a variety of other kinases, possessed desirable antiproliferative activities, excellent metabolic properties, and favorable pharmacokinetic characters. In MCF-7, Colo-205, and A549 xenograft models, compound 3c exhibited significant tumor growth inhibitions with low toxicities, which could be a promising drug candidate for further development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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