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1.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1884-1897, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340602

RESUMO

Sorafenib is recommended as the primary therapeutic drug for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. To discover a new compound that avoids low response rates and toxic side effects that occur in sorafenib therapy, we designed and synthesized new hybrid compounds of sorafenib and 2,4,5-trimethylpyridin-3-ols. Compound 6 was selected as the best of 24 hybrids that inhibit each of the four Raf kinases. The anti-proliferative activity of 6 in HepG2, Hep3B, and Huh7 cell lines was slightly lower than that of sorafenib. However, in H6c7 and CCD841 normal epithelial cell lines, the cytotoxicity of 6 was much lower than that of sorafenib. In addition, similar to sorafenib, compound 6 inhibited spheroid forming ability of Hep3B cells in vitro and tumour growth in a xenograft tumour model of the chick chorioallantoic membrane implanted with Huh7 cells. Compound 6 may be a promising candidate targeting hepatocellular carcinoma with low toxic side effects on normal cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Pirimidinas/química , Sorafenibe/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361750

RESUMO

The purpose of this work is to investigate the protein kinase inhibitory activity of constituents from Acacia auriculiformis stem bark. Column chromatography and NMR spectroscopy were used to purify and characterize betulin from an ethyl acetate soluble fraction of acacia bark. Betulin, a known inducer of apoptosis, was screened against a panel of 16 disease-related protein kinases. Betulin was shown to inhibit Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (ABL1) kinase, casein kinase 1ε (CK1ε), glycogen synthase kinase 3α/ß (GSK-3 α/ß), Janus kinase 3 (JAK3), NIMA Related Kinase 6 (NEK6), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 kinase (VEGFR2) with activities in the micromolar range for each. The effect of betulin on the cell viability of doxorubicin-resistant K562R chronic myelogenous leukemia cells was then verified to investigate its putative use as an anti-cancer compound. Betulin was shown to modulate the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway, with activity similar to that of imatinib mesylate, a known ABL1 kinase inhibitor. The interaction of betulin and ABL1 was studied by molecular docking, revealing an interaction of the inhibitor with the ABL1 ATP binding pocket. Together, these data demonstrate that betulin is a multi-target inhibitor of protein kinases, an activity that can contribute to the anticancer properties of the natural compound and to potential treatments for leukemia.


Assuntos
Acacia/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Sítios de Ligação , Caseína Quinase Iépsilon/antagonistas & inibidores , Caseína Quinase Iépsilon/genética , Caseína Quinase Iépsilon/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/genética , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Humanos , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/genética , Janus Quinase 3/metabolismo , Células K562 , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/genética , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/metabolismo , Casca de Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4671, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344863

RESUMO

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains challenging because of heterogeneous responses to chemotherapy. Incomplete response is associated with a greater risk of metastatic progression. Therefore, treatments that target chemotherapy-resistant TNBC and enhance chemosensitivity would improve outcomes for these high-risk patients. Breast cancer stem cell-like cells (BCSCs) have been proposed to represent a chemotherapy-resistant subpopulation responsible for tumor initiation, progression and metastases. Targeting this population could lead to improved TNBC disease control. Here, we describe a novel multi-kinase inhibitor, 108600, that targets the TNBC BCSC population. 108600 treatment suppresses growth, colony and mammosphere forming capacity of BCSCs and induces G2M arrest and apoptosis of TNBC cells. In vivo, 108600 treatment of mice bearing triple negative tumors results in the induction of apoptosis and overcomes chemotherapy resistance. Finally, treatment with 108600 and chemotherapy suppresses growth of pre-established TNBC metastases, providing additional support for the clinical translation of this agent to clinical trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caseína Quinase II/antagonistas & inibidores , Caseína Quinase II/química , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443486

RESUMO

Phosphorylation events catalyzed by protein kinases represent one of the most prevalent as well as important regulatory posttranslational modifications, and dysregulation of protein kinases is associated with the pathogenesis of different diseases. Therefore, interest in developing potent small molecule kinase inhibitors has increased enormously within the last two decades. A critical step in the development of new inhibitors is cell-free in vitro testing with the intention to determine comparable parameters like the commonly used IC50 value. However, values described in the literature are often biased as experimental setups used for determination of kinase activity lack comparability due to different readout parameters, insufficient normalization or the sheer number of experimental approaches. Here, we would like to hold a brief for highly sensitive, radioactive-based in vitro kinase assays especially suitable for kinases exhibiting autophosphorylation activity. Therefore, we demonstrate a systematic workflow for complementing and validating results from high-throughput screening as well as increasing the comparability of enzyme-specific inhibitor parameters for radiometric as well as non-radiometric assays. Using members of the CK1 family of serine/threonine-specific protein kinases and established CK1-specific inhibitors as examples, we clearly demonstrate the power of our proposed workflow, which has the potential to support the generation of more comparable data for biological characterization of kinase inhibitors.


Assuntos
Caseína Quinase I/antagonistas & inibidores , Ensaios Enzimáticos/métodos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Cinética , Fosforilação
5.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1488-1499, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227457

RESUMO

New cyanobenzofurans derivatives 2-12 were synthesised, and their antiproliferative activity was examined compared to doxorubicin and Afatinib (IC50 = 4.17-8.87 and 5.5-11.2 µM, respectively). Compounds 2 and 8 exhibited broad-spectrum activity against HePG2 (IC50 = 16.08-23.67 µM), HCT-116 (IC50 = 8.81-13.85 µM), and MCF-7 (IC50 = 8.36-17.28 µM) cell lines. Compounds 2, 3, 8, 10, and 11 were tested as EGFR-TK inhibitors to demonstrate their possible anti-tumour mechanism compared to gefitinib (IC50 = 0.90 µM). Compounds 2, 3, 10, and 11 displayed significant EGFR TK inhibitory activity with IC50 of 0.81-1.12 µM. Compounds 3 and 11 induced apoptosis at the Pre-G phase and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. They also increased the level of caspase-3 by 5.7- and 7.3-fold, respectively. The molecular docking analysis of compounds 2, 3, 10, and 11 indicated that they could bind to the active site of EGFR TK.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Nitrilas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzofuranos/síntese química , Benzofuranos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Nitrilas/síntese química , Nitrilas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1574-1602, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233563

RESUMO

Lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (Lck), a non-receptor Src family kinase, has a vital role in various cellular processes such as cell cycle control, cell adhesion, motility, proliferation, and differentiation. Lck is reported as a key factor regulating the functions of T-cell including the initiation of TCR signalling, T-cell development, in addition to T-cell homeostasis. Alteration in expression and activity of Lck results in numerous disorders such as cancer, asthma, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, and neuronal diseases. Accordingly, Lck has emerged as a novel target against different diseases. Herein, we amass the research efforts in literature and pharmaceutical patents during the last decade to develop new Lck inhibitors. Additionally, structure-activity relationship studies (SAR) and docking models of these new inhibitors within the active site of Lck were demonstrated offering deep insights into their different binding modes in a step towards the identification of more potent, selective, and safe Lck inhibitors.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Proteína Tirosina Quinase p56(lck) Linfócito-Específica/antagonistas & inibidores , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Proteína Tirosina Quinase p56(lck) Linfócito-Específica/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1541-1552, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238111

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and malignant primary brain tumour in the central nervous system (CNS). As the ideal targets for GBM treatment, Src family kinases (SFKs) have attracted much attention. Herein, a new series of imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-2-one derivatives were designed and synthesised as SFK inhibitors. Compounds 1d, 1e, 1q, 1s exhibited potential Src and Fyn kinase inhibition in the submicromolar range, of which were next tested for their antiproliferative potency on four GBM cell lines. Compound 1s showed effective activity against U87, U251, T98G, and U87-EGFRvIII GBM cell lines, comparable to that of lead compound PP2. Molecular dynamics (MDs) simulation revealed the possible binding patterns of the most active compound 1s in ATP binding site of SFKs. ADME prediction suggested that 1s accord with the criteria of CNS drugs. These results led us to identify a novel SFK inhibitor as candidate for GBM treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinolonas/farmacologia , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/síntese química , Imidazóis/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinolonas/síntese química , Quinolonas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
8.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1553-1563, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251942

RESUMO

A series of 11 new substituted 1,5-dihydro-4,1-benzoxazepine derivatives was synthesised to study the influence of the methyl group in the 1-(benzenesulphonyl) moiety, the replacement of the purine by the benzotriazole bioisosteric analogue, and the introduction of a bulky substituent at position 6 of the purine, on the biological effects. Their inhibition against isolated HER2 was studied and the structure-activity relationships have been confirmed by molecular modelling studies. The most potent compound against isolated HER2 is 9a with an IC50 of 7.31 µM. We have investigated the effects of the target compounds on cell proliferation. The most active compound (7c) against all the tumour cell lines studied (IC50 0.42-0.86 µM) does not produce any modification in the expression of pro-caspase 3, but increases the caspase 1 expression, and promotes pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209188

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 is the leading global health threat to date caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Recent clinical trials reported that the use of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors to treat COVID-19 patients could reduce dyspnea and hypoxia, thromboinflammation, hypercoagulability and improve oxygenation. However, the mechanism of action remains unclear. Thus, this study employs structure-based virtual screening (SBVS) to repurpose BTK inhibitors acalabrutinib, dasatinib, evobrutinib, fostamatinib, ibrutinib, inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate, spebrutinib, XL418 and zanubrutinib against SARS-CoV-2. Molecular docking is conducted with BTK inhibitors against structural and nonstructural proteins of SARS-CoV-2 and host targets (ACE2, TMPRSS2 and BTK). Molecular mechanics-generalized Born surface area (MM/GBSA) calculations and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are then carried out on the selected complexes with high binding energy. Ibrutinib and zanubrutinib are found to be the most potent of the drugs screened based on the results of computational studies. Results further show that ibrutinib and zanubrutinib could exploit different mechanisms at the viral entry and replication stage and could be repurposed as potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Piperidinas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirazóis/química , Pirimidinas/química , Adenina/química , Adenina/metabolismo , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Piperidinas/metabolismo , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/química , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Termodinâmica , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo
10.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206976

RESUMO

New pyridine, pyrazoloyridine, and furopyridine derivatives substituted with naphthyl and thienyl moieties were designed and synthesized starting from 6-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2-oxo-4-(thiophen-2-yl)-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carbonitrile (1). The chloro, methoxy, cholroacetoxy, imidazolyl, azide, and arylamino derivatives were prepared to obtain the pyridine--C2 functionalized derivatives. The derived pyrazolpyridine-N-glycosides were synthesized via heterocyclization of the C2-thioxopyridine derivative followed by glycosylation using glucose and galactose. The furopyridine derivative 14 and the tricyclic pyrido[3',2':4,5]furo[3,2-d]pyrimidine 15 were prepared via heterocyclization of the ester derivative followed by a reaction with formamide. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their ability to in vitro inhibit the CDK2 enzyme. In addition, the cytotoxicity of the compounds was tested against four different human cancer cell lines (HCT-116, MCF-7, HepG2, and A549). The CDK2/cyclin A2 enzyme inhibitory results revealed that pyridone 1, 2-chloro-6-(naphthalen-2-yl)-4-(thiophen-2-yl)nicotinonitrile (4), 6-(naphthalen-2-yl)-4-(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-amine (8), S-(3-cyano-6-(naphthaen-2-yl)-4-(thiophen-2-yl)pyridin-2-yl) 2-chloroethanethioate (11), and ethyl 3-amino-6-(naphthalen-2-yl)-4-(thiophen-2-yl)furo[2,3-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (14) are among the most active inhibitors with IC50 values of 0.57, 0.24, 0.65, 0.50, and 0.93 µM, respectively, compared to roscovitine (IC50 0.394 µM). Most compounds showed significant inhibition on different human cancer cell lines (HCT-116, MCF-7, HepG2, and A549) with IC50 ranges of 31.3-49.0, 19.3-55.5, 22.7-44.8, and 36.8-70.7 µM, respectively compared to doxorubicin (IC50 40.0, 64.8, 24.7 and 58.1 µM, respectively). Furthermore, a molecular docking study suggests that most of the target compounds have a similar binding mode as a reference compound in the active site of the CDK2 enzyme. The structural requirements controlling the CDK2 inhibitory activity were determined through the generation of a statistically significant 2D-QSAR model.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Piridinas/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Imidazóis/química , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirazóis/química , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207476

RESUMO

Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) encompass a group of glycoproteins composed of unbranched negatively charged heparan sulfate (HS) chains covalently attached to a core protein. The complex HSPG biosynthetic machinery generates an extraordinary structural variety of HS chains that enable them to bind a plethora of ligands, including growth factors, morphogens, cytokines, chemokines, enzymes, matrix proteins, and bacterial and viral pathogens. These interactions translate into key regulatory activity of HSPGs on a wide range of cellular processes such as receptor activation and signaling, cytoskeleton assembly, extracellular matrix remodeling, endocytosis, cell-cell crosstalk, and others. Due to their ubiquitous expression within tissues and their large functional repertoire, HSPGs are involved in many physiopathological processes; thus, they have emerged as valuable targets for the therapy of many human diseases. Among their functions, HSPGs assist many viruses in invading host cells at various steps of their life cycle. Viruses utilize HSPGs for the attachment to the host cell, internalization, intracellular trafficking, egress, and spread. Recently, HSPG involvement in the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection has been established. Here, we summarize the current knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underlying HSPG/SARS-CoV-2 interaction and downstream effects, and we provide an overview of the HSPG-based therapeutic strategies that could be used to combat such a fearsome virus.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/virologia , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/química , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/química , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/metabolismo , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Sulfotransferases/metabolismo , Viroses/tratamento farmacológico , Viroses/patologia , Viroses/virologia , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207510

RESUMO

Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) comprise different fibrotic lung disorders characterized by cellular proliferation, interstitial inflammation, and fibrosis. The JAK/STAT molecular pathway is activated under the interaction of a broad number of profibrotic/pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-11, and IL-13, among others, which are increased in different ILDs. Similarly, several growth factors over-expressed in ILDs, such as platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) activate JAK/STAT by canonical or non-canonical pathways, which indicates a predominant role of JAK/STAT in ILDs. Between the different JAK/STAT isoforms, it appears that JAK2/STAT3 are predominant, initiating cellular changes observed in ILDs. This review analyzes the expression and distribution of different JAK/STAT isoforms in ILDs lung tissue and different cell types related to ILDs, such as lung fibroblasts and alveolar epithelial type II cells and analyzes JAK/STAT activation. The effect of JAK/STAT phosphorylation on cellular fibrotic processes, such as proliferation, senescence, autophagy, endoplasmic reticulum stress, or epithelial/fibroblast to mesenchymal transition will be described. The small molecules directed to inhibit JAK/STAT activation were assayed in vitro and in in vivo models of pulmonary fibrosis, and different JAK inhibitors are currently approved for myeloproliferative disorders. Recent evidence indicates that JAK inhibitors or monoclonal antibodies directed to block IL-6 are used as compassionate use to attenuate the excessive inflammation and lung fibrosis related to SARS-CoV-2 virus. These altogether indicate that JAK/STAT pathway is an attractive target to be proven in future clinical trials of lung fibrotic disorders.


Assuntos
Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Humanos , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Janus Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinases/genética , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/genética , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206574

RESUMO

Sorafenib (Sor) is an oral multi-kinase inhibitor, but its water solubility is very low. To improve its solubility, sorafenib hydrochloride hydrate, sorafenib hydrobromide and sorafenib hydrobromide hydrate were prepared in the mixed solvent of the corresponding acid solution, and tetrahydrofuran (THF). The crystal structures of sorafenib hydrochloride trihydrate (Sor·HCl.3H2O), 4-(4-{3-[4-chloro-3-(trifluoro-methyl)phenyl]ureido}phenoxy)-2-(N-methylcarbamoyl) pyridinium hydrochloride trihydrate, C21H17ClF3N4O3+·Cl-.3H2O (I), sorafenib hydrochloride monohydrate (Sor·HCl.H2O), C21H17ClF3N4O3+·Cl-.H2O (II), its solvated form (sorafenib hydrochloride monohydrate monotetrahydrofuran (Sor·HCl.H2O.THF), C21H17ClF3N4O3+·Cl-.H2O.C4H8O (III)), sorafenib hydrobromide (Sor·HBr), 4-(4-{3-[4-chloro-3-(trifluoro-methyl)phenyl]ureido}phenoxy)-2-(N-methylcarbamoyl) pyridinium hydrobromide, C21H17ClF3N4O3+·Br- (IV) and sorafenib hydrobromide monohydrate (Sor·HBr.H2O), C21H17ClF3N4O3+·Br-.H2O (V) were analysed. Their hydrogen bond systems and topologies were investigated. The results showed the distinct roles of water molecules in stabilizing their crystal structures. Moreover, (II) and (V) were isomorphous crystal structures with the same space group P21/n, and similar unit cell dimensions. The predicted morphologies of these forms based on the BFDH model matched well with experimental morphologies. The energy frameworks showed that (I), and (IV) might have better tabletability than (II) and (V). Moreover, the solubility and dissolution rate data exhibited an improvement in the solubility of these salts compared with the free drug.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sorafenibe/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cristais Líquidos/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Solubilidade , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Análise Espectral
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207175

RESUMO

Nanotechnology is an important application in modern cancer therapy. In comparison with conventional drug formulations, nanoparticles ensure better penetration into the tumor mass by exploiting the enhanced permeability and retention effect, longer blood circulation times by a reduced renal excretion and a decrease in side effects and drug accumulation in healthy tissues. The most significant classes of nanoparticles (i.e., liposomes, inorganic and organic nanoparticles) are here discussed with a particular focus on their use as delivery systems for small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). A number of these new compounds (e.g., Imatinib, Dasatinib, Ponatinib) have been approved as first-line therapy in different cancer types but their clinical use is limited by poor solubility and oral bioavailability. Consequently, new nanoparticle systems are necessary to ameliorate formulations and reduce toxicity. In this review, some of the most important TKIs are reported, focusing on ongoing clinical studies, and the recent drug delivery systems for these molecules are investigated.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Nanotecnologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Composição de Medicamentos , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/etiologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207360

RESUMO

Discoidin domain receptor (DDR) is a collagen-activated receptor tyrosine kinase that plays critical roles in regulating essential cellular processes such as morphogenesis, differentiation, proliferation, adhesion, migration, invasion, and matrix remodeling. As a result, DDR dysregulation has been attributed to a variety of human cancer disorders, for instance, non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), ovarian cancer, glioblastoma, and breast cancer, in addition to some inflammatory and neurodegenerative disorders. Since the target identification in the early 1990s to date, a lot of efforts have been devoted to the development of DDR inhibitors. From a medicinal chemistry perspective, we attempted to reveal the progress in the development of the most promising DDR1 and DDR2 small molecule inhibitors covering their design approaches, structure-activity relationship (SAR), biological activity, and selectivity.


Assuntos
Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1/química , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1/metabolismo , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 2/química , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 2/metabolismo , Gerenciamento Clínico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/etiologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/etiologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 222: 113573, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091209

RESUMO

A series of 2,4-diamino pyrimidine (DAPY) derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as inhibitors of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) with antitumor and anti-angiogenesis activities. Most compounds effectively suppressed the enzymatic activities of FAK, and the IC50s of 11b and 12f were 2.75 and 1.87 nM, respectively. 11b and 12f exhibited strong antiproliferative effects against seven human cancer cells, with IC50 values against two FAK-overexpressing pancreatic cancer cells (PANC-1 and BxPC-3) of 0.98 µM, 0.55 µM, and 0.11 µM, 0.15 µM, respectively. Moreover, 11b and 12f obviously suppressed the colony formation, migration, and invasion of PANC-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, these two compounds could induce the apoptosis of PANC-1 cells and arrest the cell cycle in G2/M phase according to the flow cytometry assay. Western blot revealed that 11b and 12f effectively inhibited the FAK/PI3K/Akt signal pathway and significantly decreased the expression of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2. In addition, compounds 11b and 12f potently inhibited the antiproliferative of HUVECs and obviously altered the cell morphology. 11b and 12f also significantly inhibited the migration, tube formation of HUVECs and severely impaired the angiogenesis in the zebrafish model. Overall, these results revealed the potential of compounds 11b and 12f as promising candidates for further preclinical studies.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/antagonistas & inibidores , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Angiogênese/síntese química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 222: 113554, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098466

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease, characterized by irreversible cognitive impairment, memory loss and behavioral disturbances, ultimately leading to death. Glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß) and dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinase1A (DYRK1A) have gained a lot of attention for its role in tau pathology. To search for potential dual GSK-3ß/DYRK1A inhibitors, we focused on harmine, a natural ß-carboline alkaloid, which has been extensively studied for its various biological effects on the prevention of AD. In this study, a new series of harmine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as dual GSK-3ß/DYRK1A inhibitors for their multiple biological activities. The in vitro results indicated that most of them displayed promising activity against GSK-3ß and DYRK1A. Among them, compound ZDWX-25 showed potent inhibitory effects on GSK-3ß and DYRK1A with IC50 values of 71 and 103 nM, respectively. Molecular modelling and kinetic studies verified that ZDWX-25 could interact with the ATP binding pocket of GSK-3ß and DYRK1A. Western blot analysis revealed that ZDWX-25 inhibited hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in okadaic acid (OKA)-induced SH-SY5Y cells. In addition, ZDWX-25 showed good blood-brain barrier penetrability in vitro. More importantly, ZDWX-25 could ameliorate the impaired learning and memory in APP/PS1/Tau transgenic mice. These results indicated that the harmine-based compounds could be served as promising dual-targeted candidates for AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Harmina/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Desenho de Fármacos , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Harmina/síntese química , Harmina/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/síntese química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 222: 113579, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098465

RESUMO

Genetic models validated Inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF) kappa B kinase beta (IKKß) as a therapeutic target for KRAS mutation associated pancreatic cancer. Phosphorylation of the activation loop serine residues (S177, S181) in IKKß is a key event that drives tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α induced NF-κB mediated gene expression. Here we conducted structure activity relationship (SAR) study to improve potency and oral bioavailability of a quinoxaline analog 13-197 that was previously reported as a NFκB inhibitor for pancreatic cancer therapy. The SAR led to the identification of a novel quinoxaline urea analog 84 that reduced the levels of p-IKKß in dose- and time-dependent studies. When compared to 13-197, analog 84 was ∼2.5-fold more potent in TNFα-induced NFκB inhibition and ∼4-fold more potent in inhibiting pancreatic cancer cell growth. Analog 84 exhibited ∼4.3-fold greater exposure (AUC0-∞) resulting in ∼5.7-fold increase in oral bioavailability (%F) when compared to 13-197. Importantly, oral administration of 84 by itself and in combination of gemcitabine reduced p-IKKß levels and inhibited pancreatic tumor growth in a xenograft model.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quinase I-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinoxalinas/farmacologia , Ureia/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Quinoxalinas/síntese química , Quinoxalinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Ureia/química
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 222: 113569, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111829

RESUMO

Novel 5-pyridinyl-1,2,4-triazoles were designed as dual inhibitors of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK). Compounds 5d, 6a, 7c, and 11c were determined as potential inhibitors of both HDAC2 (IC50 = 0.09-1.40 µM) and FAK (IC50 = 12.59-36.11 nM); 6a revealed the highest activity with IC50 values of 0.09 µM and 12.59 nM for HDAC2 and FAK, respectively. Compound 6a was superior to reference drugs vorinostat and valproic acid in its ability to inhibit growth/proliferation of A-498 and Caki-1 renal cancer cells. Further investigation proved that 6a strongly arrests the cell cycle at the G2/M phase and triggers apoptosis in both A-498 and Caki-1 cells. Moreover, the enhanced Akt activity that is observed upon chronic application of HDAC inhibitors was effectively suppressed by the dual HDAC2/FAK inhibitor. Finally, the high potency and selectivity of 6a towards HDAC2 and FAK proteins were rationalized by molecular docking. Taken together, these findings highlight the potential of 6a as a promising dual-acting HDAC2/FAK inhibitor that could benefit from further optimization.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/antagonistas & inibidores , Histona Desacetilase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/síntese química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Humanos , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/química , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
J Med Chem ; 64(13): 9056-9077, 2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110834

RESUMO

Control of the cell cycle through selective pharmacological inhibition of CDK4/6 has proven beneficial in the treatment of breast cancer. Extending this level of control to additional cell cycle CDK isoforms represents an opportunity to expand to additional tumor types and potentially provide benefits to patients that develop tumors resistant to selective CDK4/6 inhibitors. However, broad-spectrum CDK inhibitors have a long history of failure due to safety concerns. In this approach, we describe the use of structure-based drug design and Free-Wilson analysis to optimize a series of CDK2/4/6 inhibitors. Further, we detail the use of molecular dynamics simulations to provide insights into the basis for selectivity against CDK9. Based on overall potency, selectivity, and ADME profile, PF-06873600 (22) was identified as a candidate for the treatment of cancer and advanced to phase 1 clinical trials.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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