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1.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e385, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003858

RESUMO

Introducción: La coordinación entre niveles asistenciales centrada en las enfermedades frecuentes, graves y vulnerables, constituye un elemento esencial para incrementar la eficiencia del sistema sanitario con la ayuda del uso de instrumentos diagnósticos. Objetivo: Validar el Cuestionario de Edimburgo modificado para el diagnóstico de la claudicación arterial periférica en la atención primaria de salud. Métodos: Estudio de evaluación de instrumentos diagnósticos a través de un estudio explicativo observacional de corte transversal, en una muestra de 100 pacientes provenientes de la atención primaria de salud. El período de estudio fue el segundo semestre (julio-diciembre) de 2016. A todos los participantes se les realizó un examen físico vascular, se midieron los índices de presiones tobillo-brazo, se identificó la topografía de las lesiones arteriales de los miembros inferiores, se les aplicó el Cuestionario de Edimburgo modificado y se calculó su sensibilidad, especificidad, valores predictivos positivos y negativos y exactitud diagnóstica. Resultados: El examen físico vascular constató un predominio de la afección fémoro-poplítea (54,8 por ciento) seguido de la aorta-ilíaco (29,9 por ciento). Se obtuvo en la validación del Cuestionario una sensibilidad de 98 por ciento, una especificidad de 31,5 por ciento con alta probabilidad de tener falsos negativos. El valor predictivo positivo fue de 70 por ciento y el negativo de 92 por ciento. La exactitud de las pruebas diagnósticas fue de 73 por ciento, para cada prueba. Conclusiones: El uso del Cuestionario de Edimburgo modificado en la atención primaria de salud es de gran utilidad para establecer el diagnóstico clínico positivo de una claudicación intermitente por enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


Introduction: Coordination between care levels centered in the severe, frequently and vulnerable diseases constitutes an essential element to increase the efficiency of the health system with the help of diagnostic means. Objective: To validate the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire for the diagnostic of arterial claudication in the primary health care. Methods: An assessment study of diagnostic instruments was done through of a cross-sectional, observational explicative study in a sample of 100 patients from primary health care. The study was conducted in the second semester (July-December) of 2016. A vascular physical exam was performed to all the participants where ankle- brachial pressure index was measured, the topography of the arterial occlusions of the lower limbs was identified, the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire was carried out; and the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and the diagnostic exactitude were calculated. Results: The vascular physical exam exhibited a predominant femoro-popliteal affectation (54,8 percent) followed of the aorta-iliac (29,9 percent). In the validation of the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire it was obtained a sensitivity of 98 percent and an specificity of 31,5 percent with high probabilities of false negative. The positive predictive value was 70 percent and the negative 92 percent. The exactitude of the diagnostic test was 73 percent for each test. Conclusions: The use of the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire in the primary health care is useful to establish the positive clinical diagnostic of an intermittent arterial claudication by Peripheral Arterial Disease(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Estudos Transversais , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Estudo Observacional , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17719, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689809

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) is a coexistence of both urgency urinary incontinence and stress urinary incontinence. Medical, Epidemiologic, and Social aspects of Aging (MESA) questionnaire is a validated and commonly used tool to diagnose predominant components of it and assess the severity, which can offer help in clinic. However, MESA questionnaire is still not available in China. The aim of the study is to translate English MESA questionnaire into a Chinese version, adapt it in Chinese culture, and validate the measurement properties among female patients with MUI and urgency-predominant MUI. METHODS: MESA questionnaire will be translated and culturally adapted in China. The validation will be embedded in a multicentered randomized controlled trial targeted at women with urgency-predominant MUI. Apart from MESA questionnaire, 3 groups of patients are to receive clinical extended assessment, keep 3-day voiding diary, and complete International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form to evaluate the measurement properties of reliability and validity (internal consistence, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness). DISCUSSION: If MESA questionnaire is of relatively high reliability and validity in diagnosing subtypes of MUI and assessing the severity, it can help to choose more appropriate therapy for patients and simplify the workload of clinicians. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03803878, January 11, 2019.


Assuntos
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Traduções , Incontinência Urinária/psicologia , Estudos de Validação como Assunto
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3170, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to translate, adapt and test the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Nurse-Work Instability Scale. METHOD: this was a methodological study following the translation steps: synthesis, back-translation, specialist´s committee, semantics analysis, pretest, and psychometric tests. The committee was composed of 5 specialists. For the semantics analysis, 18 nursing workers evaluated the instrument and 30 pretested it. For the psychometric tests, the sample size was 214 nursing workers. The internal construct validity was analyzed by the Rasch model. Reliability was assessed using internal consistency, and concurrent validity with Pearson's correlation between the Nurse-Work Instability Scale, and the Work Ability Index, Job Stress Scale. RESULTS: a Nurse-Work Instability Scale in Brazilian Portuguese with 20 items showed an adequate reliability (0.831), stability (p <0.0001), and an expected correlation with Work Ability Index (r = -0.526; P<0.0001) and Job Stress Scale (r = 0.352; p <0.0001). CONCLUSION: the instrument is appropriated to detect work instability in Brazilian nursing workers with musculoskeletal disorders. Its application is fundamental to avoid long-term withdrawal from work by early identification of the work instability. Furthermore, the scale can assist the development of actions and strategies to prevent the abandonment of the profession of nursing workers affected by musculoskeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Emprego/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
4.
J Opioid Manag ; 15(4): 272-274, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of the screener and opioid assessment for patients with pain-revised (SOAPP-R) for patients with cancer-related pain. DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of cancer patients screened with the SOAPP-R. Opiate abuse was determined using a combination of urine drug screens and analysis of patients' electronic medical records. SETTING/PATIENTS: Patients who were seen at a palliative care clinic presenting with pain or needing an opioid prescription at an academic medical center with any type of cancer were screened using the SOAPP-R (N = 69). OUTCOME MEASURES: Aberrant opioid-related behavior was determined using a combination of provider notes and urine drug screens. RESULTS: A positive SOAPP-R score (⩾18) was observed in 27 participants (39.1 percent). The sensitivity and specificity of the SOAPP-R in the study population was 0.75 and 0.80, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The SOAPP-R, in its current form, may have value in screening patients with cancer for substance abuse. Incorporation of the screening tool in palliative and oncology settings may help reduce opioid abuse in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Neoplasias/complicações , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Dor/etiologia , Manejo da Dor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
J Opioid Manag ; 15(4): 323-331, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a survey instrument to identify adult sickle cell disease (SCD) patients on chronic opioid therapy who are at-risk for opioid abuse. DESIGN: Prospective survey and interview. SETTING: Adult SCD clinic in a large urban teaching facility. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sampling of adult patients presenting to the sickle cell clinic. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME: Primary outcome was "at-risk for opioid misuse," defined as at least 3/8 "yes" answers (a positive composite score) on the Prescription Opioid Misuse Index (POMI) questionnaire. Secondary outcome was DSM-IV criteria for substance abuse using the DSM IV Diagnostic Interview Schedule. RESULTS: Of the 99 patients who completed the POMI, the mean age was 36 years; 58.6 percent were female, 48 percent were hemoglobin SS (47/99), and 26 percent were SC (26/99). Twenty-four percent (24/99) were identified as at-risk for opioid misuse using the POMI. There were no differences in demographic, SCD genotype, or socioeconomic variables for at-risk versus not-at-risk patients. CONCLUSION: Twenty-four percent of unselected adult SCD patients on opioids were identified as at-risk for opioid misuse using a quick survey. This may represent as much as 2.5-7 times the national misuse rate. This group of patients may benefit from additional diagnostic and therapeutic interventions to help understand and manage their opioid usage.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Anemia Falciforme , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco
6.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(3): 308-315, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that temperament features of adolescents may be good predictors of the development of future psychopathology in this population. The aim of the study was to adapt the content and validate the psychometric properties of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego - Auto-questionnaire in a sample of Serbian adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample included 2113 adolescents, 56% girls and 44% boys, average age 16.73±0.47, attending 48 Serbian secondary schools. The base for the development of this scale included Serbian standardised versions as well as the TEMPS-I, Interview version. RESULTS: The final scale is comprised of 36 items, with six factors (depressive, cyclothymic, hyperthymic, irritable, and anxious-cognitive/somatic) explaining 39.9% of the total variance, the internal consistency coefficient α=0.77, and the average test-retest coefficient (rho=0.84). The correlations among the temperaments ranged from weak to moderate, with the highest positive correlations between the depressive, cyclothymic and anxious scales. The highest values were detected on hyperthymic and the lowest on depressive temperament. Significantly higher scores of depressive, cyclothymic and anxious temperaments were detected in girls, whereas boys had higher scores on the hyperthymic scale. CONCLUSIONS: The scale has shown good psychometric properties, which encourages its further use in adolescent population. The results show certain specific features of this population, such as higher scores on all temperament types than the ones in student and adult population and a tendency of socially desirable answers.


Assuntos
Inquéritos e Questionários , Temperamento , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sérvia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
7.
An Bras Dermatol ; 94(4): 399-404, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (ABQOL) and the Treatment of Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (TABQOL) questionnaires proved to be reliable tools that measure the disease and treatment burden. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the ABQOL and TABQOL in the Arabic population. METHODS: The English questionnaires were translated into the Arabic language by a certified translation agency. Eighty autoimmune bullous disease (AIBD) patients were included in this study. Patients were asked to answer 2 questionnaires. After 1 week the same patients were asked to answer the same questionnaires again. RESULTS: The age of the patients ranged from 19 to 81 years (mean=46), 19 males, 61 females. The ABQOL ranged from 0-37 (mean=16.4±9.2). The TABQOL ranged from 2-43 (mean=21.5±9.4). Test-retest reliability was acceptable, Cronbach's alpha was 0.76 for ABQOL and 0.74 for TABQOL. There was no significant correlation between the age of the patients and ABQOL, r =-0.2, p value was 0.183. There was a significant negative correlation between the age of the patients and the TABQOL, r=-0.2, p value was 0.039. There was a significant negative correlation between the education of the patients and the TABQOL, r=-0.3, p value was 0.007. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Small sample size of some AIBDs and patients with severe disease. CONCLUSION: Objective and valuable measurements such as ABQOL and TABQOL are now available to help physicians understand their patient's distress and should be used in every patient with AIBD. Younger and less educated patients appear to have more effects on their QOL from the treatments.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/fisiopatologia , Doenças Autoimunes/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/fisiopatologia , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Egito , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Dermatopatias Vesiculobolhosas/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Tunísia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 74: e663, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644664

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a questionnaire to assess the knowledge of mechanical ventilation among final-year medical students in Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted between October 2015 and October 2017 involving 554 medical students was carried out to develop a questionnaire for assessing knowledge on mechanical ventilation. Reproducibility was evaluated with the intraclass correlation coefficient, internal consistency was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha, and construct validation was evaluated with a tetrachoric exploratory factor analysis. To compare the means of the competences among the same type of assessment tool, the nonparametric Friedman test was used, and the identification of the differences was obtained with Dunn-Bonferroni tests. RESULTS: The final version of the questionnaire contained 19 questions. The instrument presented a clarity index of 8.94±0.83. The value of the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.929, and Cronbach's alpha was 0.831. The factor analysis revealed five factors associated with knowledge areas regarding mechanical ventilation. The final score among participants was 24.05%. CONCLUSION: The instrument has a satisfactory clarity index and adequate psychometric properties and can be used to assess the knowledge of mechanical ventilation among final-year medical students in Brazil.


Assuntos
Avaliação Educacional , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Respiração Artificial , Estudantes de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Medicina de Emergência/normas , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Orv Hetil ; 160(42): 1663-1672, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608687

RESUMO

Introduction: Many disease-specific questionnaires, which analyze patients' functional status, quality of life or the progression of the disease, have been validated in Hungarian. The low back pain (LBP) patients' knowledge about their problem has not been measured by an officially validated Hungarian tool. Aim: The aim of our study was to translate and validate the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire (LKQ) and to assess its validity and reliability. Method: We used the translation-back translation method as the first step. Then we used a synthesis of the back translations reviewed by independent translators. We enrolled 218 people in our study: 101 of them were chronic LBP patients and 73 acute LBP patients. For the validation process, we used the Roland-Morris Disability Index to compare our questionnaire. We calculated Cronbach's alpha values and correlation coefficients. Results: The Hungarian version of LKQ correlated well with the Roland-Morris Index and it proved to be a valid questionnaire (correlation coefficient: -0.393; Cronbach's alpha value 0.894). Conclusion: We found the Hungarian version of LKQ a valid and reliable tool to measure patients' knowledge about LBP. We recommend future studies should apply bigger and more homogenous populations to assess LBP disease-specific knowledge in this country. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(42): 1663-1672.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Dor Lombar , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Hungria , Dor Lombar/psicologia , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 91, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess the reliability of an instrument that enables auditing information on consumer food environment indicators, such as availability, price, promotional and advertising strategies, and quantity of brands available, using the food recommendations adopted by the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population as a theoretical basis. METHODS: This is a methodological study in two phases: 1. development of the audit instrument and 2. assessment of its reliability and reproducibility . The Content Validity Index was estimated for each instrument item (>0.80 satisfactory). Inter-rater and test-retest reliability were assessed by percentage agreement and Kappa coefficients. Pearson's correlation coefficient and Scatter-plots were used to measure the degree of linear correlation between two quantitative variables. RESULTS: The Content Validity Index was 0.91. Inter-rater and test-retest reliability were mostly high (Kappa> 0.80), for food availability indicators. Among the items that measure advertising, Kappa values for inter-rater reliability ranged from 0.57 to 1.00 and for the test-retest ranged from 0.18 to 0.90. Prices and quantity of brands showed a positive linear correlation between measurements performed by researcher 1 and 2 and between visits 1 and 2. CONCLUSIONS: AUDITNOVA is reliable for measuring aspects such as availability, price, quantity of brands, and advertising of foods available in the consumer food environment.


Assuntos
Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Publicidade como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Abastecimento de Alimentos/normas , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 239-256, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476991

RESUMO

Development and validation of a questionnaire for patient competence in coping with cancer (PCQ) Objectives: The aim of the study was the development and evaluation of the psychometric properties of a self-assessment questionnaire for resource-orientated coping with cancer (Patient Competence Questionnaire, PCQ). Methods: In 420 patients and members of cancer support-groups item selection and evaluation of item properties, reliability (Cronbach's Alpha), validity (convergent and divergent) and factorial structure were performed in two studies. Results: The final version of the PCQ (18 items) demonstrated a Cronbach's Alpha between 0.71 and 0.91 for five subscales identified with exploratory factor analysis (religious/spiritual coping, coping competence, healthy lifestyle, information seeking, adaptability) and 0.85 for the total score. The PCQ shows a high convergent validity (r = 0.46) with the Freiburg Questionnaire on Coping with Illness (FKV) and significant correlations with depression (r = -0.23), posttraumatic growth (r = 0.65) and religiosity (r = 0.59). Conclusions: First analyses underline that the PCQ can be regarded as a valid and reliable instrument for assessing patients' resources in dealing with cancer.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(9): 1281-1285, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489867

RESUMO

Background: The Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) is a 10-item self-report measure of medication adherence in psychosis which is a vital predictor of illness course and outcome in patient with schizophrenia. The initial and subsequent studies have shown that MARS has good reliability and validity scores after correction for the small sample size in the index study. Aim: This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of MARS among outpatients with schizophrenia at the outpatient clinic of the Neuropsychiatric Hospital Aro Abeokuta Ogun State Nigeria. Methods: Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to determine the internal consistency, item-total correlations, and reliability of the instrument. Factor analysis was done using principal component analysis with varimax rotation. Results: The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) for these 10 items (at time T1) was 0.6 with a P value of <0.001 while for the test--retest analysis was 0.7 with a P value of 0.04. A principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation produced a four-factor solution and factor 4 was found to be the most internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha of 0.63. Conclusion: This study supports the internal consistency, test--retest reliability, and constructs validity of the MARS.


Assuntos
Adesão à Medicação/psicologia , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Transtornos Psicóticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Autorrelato
13.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 49-56, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: PROMIS-29 is a generic health-related quality of life instrument. Our objective was to assess the reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness to change of PROMIS-29 in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). METHODS: Seventy-three participants with SSc-ILD were administered patient reported outcomes (PROs) at baseline and follow-up visits which included PROMIS-29 and other measures of generic health, dyspnea, and cough instruments. We assessed internal consistency reliability using Cronbach's α, an alpha of ≥ 0.70 was considered satisfactory. We assessed the responsiveness to change using linear regression models. RESULTS: Mean age of the participants was 51.9 years and the mean disease duration was 7.9 years after first non-Raynaud's symptom. Of the 73 participants, 56.2% were classified as diffuse SSc and 26% limited SSc. The baseline (mean ± SD) FVC % predicted was 73.9±15.5 with a DLCO % predicted of 57.7±21.1; 95.9% had fibrotic NSIP pattern on HRCT. PROMIS-29 scores were 0.2 to 0.9 SD below the US population. Cronbach's α reliability was acceptable for all domains (ranged from 0.77 to 0.98). All scales showed statistically significant correlations with hypothesised PROMIS-29 domains (p≤0.05 for all comparisons). PROMIS-29 showed none-to-small discriminatory ability in comparison with physiologic measures (FVC and DLCO). There was no significant relationship between the change in FVC versus the change in PROMIS-29 measures over time. CONCLUSIONS: PROMIS-29 has adequate reliability and construct validity for evaluation in SSc-ILD. It has moderate-to-large correlations with other PROs. The PROMIS-29 domains were not found to change over time in this cohort, likely due to stable nature of the observational cohort.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/psicologia
14.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 133, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Researchers have studied for decades workplace stress and burnout to identify their relationship to health and wellness. This research has focused on stress levels in people, as well as on environmental and personal factors that contribute to experiencing stress or burnout. In addition to the burnout measurement questionnaires (MBI-GS), Leiter and Maslach designed a model to evaluate the areas of work environment that relate to this construct (Areas of Worklife Scale-AWLS). The goal of the present research was to analyze the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the MBI (GS) and the AWLS with a Spanish-speaking population. This work makes a substantial contribution by addressing the need to use validated measures and methods when exploring the positive and negative aspects of organizations. These conditions provide a means to accurately evaluate the impact of interventions aimed to address stress and burnout. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with self-report measures. The sample was comprised of 452 managers and employees (hotels, restaurants, catering) of Aragón (Spain). There were approximately equal numbers of women and men (45,4% vs. 54,6%). The average age of participants was 36.6 years (SD = 10.03). A battery of questionnaires was used: Socio-demographic and work characteristics, Scale of stress and health symptoms, Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), Areas of Worklife Scale (AWLS). RESULTS: The results showed optimal psychometric properties in both questionnaires, especially in terms of the predictive capacity of the AWLS in each of the MBI-GS dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: The best explained dimension is that of emotional exhaustion. The manageable load variable is the one that most contributes to predicting burnout levels. For future interventions, the results confirm the need to verify the levels of each area of work, in order to focus on the most deteriorated ones.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Espanha , Traduções
15.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 134, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The psychosocial consequences of obesity are important but often underrated. The Attitudes Toward Obese Persons (ATOP) and Beliefs About Obese Persons (BAOP) scales used to measure weight-related bias have little psychometric information, especially in East Asian contexts. The objective of this study was to use rigorous statistical methods to demonstrate the psychometric properties of these two instruments in Hong Kong and Taiwanese college students. METHODS: A convenience sample of 707 students was recruited from the universities in Hong Kong and Taiwan. Several competing confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were conducted to confirm the factorial structure of the ATOP and BAOP. The best fit models for the ATOP and BAOP were chosen for the examination of the measurement invariance across subcultures. We then compared configurable models with or without loading and/or intercept constrained before correlating the latent constructs between the best models for the ATOP and BAOP. RESULTS: The comparison in multiple CFAs found that the model with one factor and two correlated-wording-method factors outperformed the other models for both the ATOP and BOAP. However, the internal consistency was suboptimal (ATOP: α = .56 to .80; BTOP: α = .57 to .65) and the measurement invariance was somewhat unsupported among the Hong Kong and Taiwan samples. Moreover, after controlling wording effects, the latent construct of the ATOP was moderately associated with that of BAOP (r = .356; p < .001). CONCLUSION: Chinese versions of the ATOP and BAOP can be treated as a unidimensional factor for use in Hong Kong and Taiwan university students. However, further refinements of both instruments may be needed before using them to capture the social attitudes and beliefs toward obesity individuals, which is expected to advance our understanding of weight-related bias in East Asian contexts.


Assuntos
Atitude , Obesidade/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Taiwan , Traduções , Adulto Jovem
16.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 135, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurement in low and middle-income countries of people with cerebral palsy (CP), the major cause of childhood physical disability, is essential to assess the impact of interventions and inform policies that best improve people's lives. The purpose of this study was to cross-culturally translate and psychometrically validate the Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life-Teens (CPQoL-Teens) self- and proxy-report questionnaires for application with adolescents with CP in Bangladesh. METHOD: The CPQoL-Teens questionnaires were translated to Bengali using forward and backwards cross-cultural translation protocols. The questionnaires were interviewer administered to adolescents and their primary caregivers, identified through the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register. Feasibility, sensitivity, internal consistency, content, concurrent and construct validity were assessed. RESULTS: One hundred fifty four adolescents with CP (10 to 18y; mean 15y 1mo SD 1y 8mo; 31.2% female) participated. Feasibility, sensitivity and internal consistency of both self- and proxy-report questionnaires was excellent; nil missing scores except 'school wellbeing' which was associated with non-school attendance (48.4 to 74.7%); floor and ceiling effect ≤13.6%; Cronbach's alpha 0.77 to 0.94. Instrument validity was good; confirmatory factor analysis reflected five of the seven original instrument dimensions. CPQoL-Teens correlated to Kidscreen-27 on most dimensions (r = 0.176 to 0.693, p < 0.05); minimal difference in known groups was observed by mental health status (p < 0.05) although could be accounted for by homogeneity of mental health problems in the sample. CONCLUSION: The CPQoL-Teens self- and proxy report questionnaires successfully translated to Bengali and showed excellent feasibility and strong psychometric properties confirming suitability to assess indicators of HRQoL among adolescents with CP in Bangladesh.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Bangladesh , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
17.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 136, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue has a major influence on the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis. The Fatigue Severity Scale is a frequently used patient-reported measure of fatigue impact, but does not generate the health state utility values required to inform cost-effectiveness analysis, limiting its applicability within decision-making contexts. The objective of this study was to use statistical mapping methods to convert Fatigue Severity Scale scores to health state utility values from three preference-based measures: the EQ-5D-3L, SF-6D and Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale-8D. METHODS: The relationships between the measures were estimated through regression analysis using cohort data from 1056 people with multiple sclerosis in South West England. Estimation errors were assessed and predictive performance of the best models as tested in a separate sample (n = 352). RESULTS: For the EQ-5D and the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale-8D, the best performing models used a censored least absolute deviation specification, with Fatigue Severity Scale total score, age and gender as predictors. For the SF-6D, the best performing model used an ordinary least squares specification, with Fatigue Severity Scale total score as the only predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Here we present algorithms to convert Fatigue Severity Scales scores to health state utility values based on three preference-based measures. These values may be used to estimate quality-adjusted life-years for use in cost-effectiveness analyses and to consider the health-related quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis, thereby informing health policy decisions.


Assuntos
Fadiga/psicologia , Esclerose Múltipla/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Custo-Benefício , Inglaterra , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 53, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30) administered to adolescents. METHODS: The study included 750 adolescents: 375 aged 12 years and 375 aged 15-19 years, attending public and private schools in Campina Grande, state of Paraíba, Brazil, in 2017. Reliability was measured based on internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Convergent validity was measured based on correlations between BREALD-30 and Functional Literacy Indicator scores. Divergent validity was measured by comparing BREALD-30 scores with sociodemographic variables. For predictive validity, the association between BREALD-30 scores and the presence of cavitated carious lesions was tested using a multiple logistic regression model. All statistical tests were performed with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: BREALD-30 showed good internal consistency for the 12 year olds and 15 to19 year olds (Cronbach's alpha = 0.871 and 0.834, respectively) and good test-retest reliability [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.898 and 0.974; kappa = 0.804 and 0.808, respectively]. Moreover, item-total correlation was satisfactory for all items. BREALD-30 had convergent validity with the Functional Literacy Indicator for 12 year olds (rs = 0.558, p < 0.001) and for 15 to 19 year olds (rs = 0.652, p < 0.001). Participants with higher oral health literacy levels who attended private schools (p < 0.001), belonged to economic classes A and B2 (p < 0.001), and who had parents with higher education levels (p < 0.001) were included, indicating the divergent validity of the BREALD-30. Participants with lower BREALD-30 scores were more likely to have cavitated carious lesions [12 year olds: odds ratio (OR) = 2.37; 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.48-3.80; 15 to 19 year olds: OR = 1.96; 95%CI 1.24-3.11]. CONCLUSIONS: BREALD-30 shows satisfactory psychometric properties for use on Brazilian adolescents and can be applied as a fast, simple, and reliable measure of oral health literacy.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/instrumentação , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/normas , Alfabetização em Saúde/métodos , Saúde Bucal/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Setor Privado , Psicometria , Setor Público , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto Jovem
19.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 143, 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420041

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Because the currently available questionnaires to evaluate sexual changes on breast cancer women only address the sexual sphere with a few questions our purpose was to develop a questionnaire that assesses changes in sexual dysfunction and satisfaction in women treated for breast cancer. METHODS: A sample was selected of women aged between 18 and 65 who had had surgery for breast cancer, completed neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemotherapy treatment and could be receiving adjuvant hormonal treatment, with an active sex life at least 3 months before starting treatment. Metastatic disease was excluded. A questionnaire structured in 4 dimensions was developed. The MOS SF-12 and QLQ-BR23 questionnaires were also provided. The following metric properties were evaluated: item analysis; internal consistency; temporal stability; construct validity; concurrent, convergent and divergent validity; and feasibility. RESULTS: Three samples were recruited: a pilot sample of 20; a reduction sample of 152; and a validation sample of 148. The presence of 6 dimensions was confirmed: 1) Loss of sex drive; 2) worsening of body image; 3) psychological coping; 4) discomfort during intercourse; 5) satisfaction with sexual relations; and 6) satisfaction with breast reconstruction. Good goodness-of-fit statistics were obtained (χ2/df = 1.5, GFI = 0.9, AGFI = 0.84, CFI = 0.959, RMSEA = 0.062). Reliability was good (α = 0.855), as was test-retest stability (r = 0.838). The correlation with the convergent questionnaires proved to be higher than that obtained with generic measurements. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to develop a short questionnaire (17 items) capable of measuring sexual satisfaction in women with breast cancer with good metric properties.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Orgasmo , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3164, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Behavior Change Protocol for educational practices in Diabetes Mellitus. METHOD: methodological study aimed at cross-cultural adaptation, comprising the steps of translation, back-translation, assessment by an expert committee and pre-testing of the instrument on a sample of 30 healthcare service users with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. RESULTS: the instrument was assessed based on criteria pertaining semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and cultural equivalence between the original instrument and the translated version, its mean Content Validity Index being 0.85. CONCLUSION: results showed content validity indicating the instrument's successful cross-cultural adaptation to the Brazilian culture for use in educational practices targeting self-care in type 2 DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Autocuidado/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Tradução , Brasil , Comparação Transcultural , Características Culturais , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autocuidado/métodos
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