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2.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO5539, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To translate and make cross-cultural adaptation of NECPAL CCOMS-ICO© tool to Portuguese, and to analyze its semantic validity. METHODS: A methodological research about NECPAL CCOMS-ICO© tool cross-cultural adaptation, translated from Spanish into Portuguese and measurement of semantic validity. The cross-cultural adaptation process was conducted according to Beaton recommendations, including translation, translation synthesis, back-translation, and analysis of semantic, idiomatic, conceptual, and cultural equivalence of translated and back-translated tool versions, resulting in a pre-final version, which was submitted to a pre-test (n=35). Contend Validity Index was calculated to analyze semantic validity. RESULTS: Cross-cultural adaptation process allowed us to prepare the final version of this tool, which was named NECPAL-BR. Collected data from pre-testing step enabled the analysis of semantic validity. The Content Validity Index observed at this step was 0.94. CONCLUSION: The semantic validity of the tool in its Portuguese version was confirmed; therefore, it may assist in screening chronic progressive disease patients, aiming to provide early palliative care. It may also be used to develop clinical and team performance indicators, and be employed as a care management tool designed to optimize resources.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Semântica , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
3.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200100, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The assessment of the degree to which health professionals, workers and organizations are ready to implement changes in health services deserves special attention, especially related to new technologies, public policies and innovation. The objectives of this study were to conduct a Brazilian Portuguese Brazil cross-cultural adaptation of the ORIC questionnaire and to initiate the study of its psychometric properties. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study, the Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change (ORIC) questionnaire, containing 12 questions, was translated and later applied to a sample of workers from traditional primary health care units undergoing transformation to family health units. Statistical analysis included Cronbach's alpha, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis by structural equation model using the Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. RESULTS: Workers from ten health units participated in the study (n = 150). The analysis confirmed two main factors (Effectiveness and Commitment) with Eigenvalues > 1. Rotation by the orthogonal method showed that the instrument questions confirmed the factors analyzed by the original instrument. The total Cronbach's Alpha of ORIC was 0.94, showing excellent reliability. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese Brazil version of the ORIC-Br questionnaire showed good psychometric properties and can be used in health services to measure organizational readiness, considered as an indicator of the potential success in implementing change.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Inovação Organizacional , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238286, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young people in state care, often due to abuse or neglect, have a four-fold increased risk of drug and alcohol use compared to their peers. AIM: The SOLID study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a definitive randomised controlled trial, comparing two behaviour change interventions to reduce risky substance use (illicit drugs and alcohol), and improve mental health, in young people in care. METHODS: We recruited young people in care aged 12-20 years, self-reporting substance use within the previous 12 months and residing in 1 of 6 participating local authority sites in the North East of England. Participants were randomised to either i. Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET), ii. Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (SBNT) or iii. Control (usual care). All interventions were delivered by trained drug and alcohol workers. Follow-up data were collected 12 months post recruitment. Feasibility for trial progression was compared to pre-specified stop: go criteria (recruitment of 60% of eligible participants, 80% of participants attending 60% of offered sessions and retention of 70% of participants at 12 month follow up). RESULTS: Of 1450 eligible participants, 860 (59%) were screened for drug and alcohol use by social workers, 211 (24.5%) met inclusion criteria for the trial and 112 young people (7.7%) consented and were randomised. Sixty of these 112 participants (54%) completed 12-month follow-up questionnaires. Only 15 out of the 76 (20%) participants allocated to an intervention arm attended any of the offered MET or SBNT sessions. CONCLUSION: By reference to pre-specified stop: go criteria it is not feasible to conduct a definitive trial for SOLID in its current format. Despite co-designing procedures with staff and young people in care, the screening, referral and treatment pathway did not work here. Future work may require dedicated clinically embedded research resource to evaluate effectiveness of new interventions in services.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Projetos Piloto , Autocuidado , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Phys Ther ; 100(10): 1862-1871, 2020 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although Medicare assessment files will include Standardized Patient Assessment Data Elements from 2016 forward, lack of uniformity of functional data prior to 2016 impedes longitudinal research. The purpose of this study was to create crosswalks for postacute care assessment measures and the basic mobility and daily activities scales of the Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) and to test their accuracy and validity in development and validation datasets. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is a secondary analysis of AM-PAC, the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument, the Minimum Data Set, and the Outcome and Assessment Information Set data from 300 adults receiving rehabilitation recruited from 6 health care networks in 1 metropolitan area. Rasch analysis was used to co-calibrate items from the 3 measures onto the AM-PAC metric and to create look-up tables to create estimated AM-PAC (eAM-PAC) scores. Mean scores and correlation and agreement between actual and estimated scores were examined in the development dataset. Scores were estimated in a cohort of Medicare beneficiaries with hip, humerus and radius fractures. Correlations between eAM-PAC and Functional Independence Measure motor scores were examined. Differences in mean eAM-PAC scores were evaluated across groups of known differences (age, fracture type, dementia). RESULTS: Strong correlations were found between actual and eAM-PAC scores in the development dataset. Moderate to strong correlations were found between the eAM-PAC basic mobility and Functional Independence Measure motor scores in the validation dataset. Differences in basic mobility scores across known groups were statistically significant and appeared to be clinically important. Differences between mean daily activities scores were statistically significant but appeared not to be clinically important. CONCLUSION: Although further testing is warranted, the basic mobility crosswalk appears to provide valid scores for aggregate analysis of Medicare postacute care data. IMPACT: This study reports on a method to take data from different Medicare administrative data sources and estimate scores on 1 scale. This approach was applied separately for data related to basic mobility and to daily activities. This may allow researchers to overcome challenges with using Medicare administrative data from different sources.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Cuidados Semi-Intensivos/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicare , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estados Unidos , Caminhada
6.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1201-1206, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913157

RESUMO

Background: Self-efficacy has become a cross-disciplinary concept. In the field of healthcare, this concept is considered crucial for nurses; who play an important role in improving the health and well-being of the community. Aims: The aim of this study was to develop a "Relationship-with-the-patient self-efficacy scale" (RPSES). Methodology: A sample of 331 university students (310 females and 21 males; 168 from the midwifery and 162 from the nursing departments) were enrolled in the study. Out of 24 items, 8 behavior items with the highest factor loadings were selected regarding the nurse-patient-relationship self-efficacy according to the results of the preliminary exploratory factor analysis. Results: The final exploratory factor analysis revealed that the selected 8 items of RPSES had a single factor, explaining 83.28% of the total variance. The Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was c alculated as 0.97. Conclusion: This scale has beendemonstrated to be a valid and reliable instrument.The analyses unfolded that RPSES scores of the students were not different between men and womenand did not differ by the departments the students attended; however, the RPSES scores were different by the grade levels of the students (juniors and seniors). The fourth graders' RPSES scores were higher than those of third graders.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras Obstétricas/psicologia , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Autoeficácia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Acta Biomed ; 91(3): e2020004, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Physical inactivity is expected to happen during the COVID-19 pandemic through home quarantine measures. The aim of this study was to develop, validate and perform the reliability of the questionnaire "Physical exercise (PE) level before and during social isolation (PEF-COVID19)" to evaluate the level of PE during the social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic and to try to identify changes in the daily life of the individuals. METHODS: This transversal study was developed to measure psychometric properties of the questionnaire PEF-COVID19. The survey was divided into 4 sections including subjects' characterization, social isolation update and physical exercise performed, pain, anxiety and stress before and during COVID-19 pandemic. After the survey construction in Portuguese language (Brazil), the survey was transferred to an online digital platform (Google® forms). The Construct, Clarity and Relevance Validation strategy was judged by a panel of experts and the validity index (VI) were calculated. The reliability was evaluated through the test-retest interrater reliability and measured through the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Kappa coefficient (KC). RESULTS: Twenty-five experts participated of the survey validity and 34 respondents from the target population participated of the test-retest reliability. The general average measures for VI were all above 0.84 and test-retest ICC and KC were 0.89 and 0.88, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This survey was considered valid and reliable to be applied to the general population over 18 years-old to investigate the PE practice and psychological aspects during the social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a public health problem.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Psicometria/métodos , Distância Social , Isolamento Social , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
8.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 254-261, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192062

RESUMO

The existence of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) is the core concept of Schema Therapy (ST). Several studies have demonstrated that EMSs are involved in many psychiatric disorders. The Young Schema Questionnaire is a self-report measure developed to assess the 18 EMSs and has long form (YSQ-L) and short form (YSQ-S) versions. It is currently in its third version (YSQ-S3). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that aims to validate the YSQ-S3 according to the new proposed organization of EMSs into four domains. A non clinical sample of 1372 Italian population was involved in this research. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine the latent structure of the YSQ-S3, including both first- and second-order structures. Cronbach's alpha and intra-class correlation coefficients were calculated to evaluate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Correlations between the YSQ-S3 and anxiety and mood symptoms were calculated to measure construct validity. Cronbach's alpha of almost all EMSs were higher than 0.7, which indicated good internal reliability, and test-retest reliability was excellent. CFA supports the new proposed organization of EMSs into four domains. Regarding concurrent validity, each schema in the YSQ-S3 was highly correlated with anxiety and mood symptoms. The new four-domains model of the YSQ-S3 has demonstrated that it can be a useful and valid tool for clinicians and researchers in the self-report measurement of EMSs


La existencia de esquemas maladaptativos tempranos (EMTs) es el concepto central de Schema Therapy (ST). Varios estudios han demostrado que los EMS están involucrados en muchos trastornos psiquiátricos. El Young Schema Questionnaire es una medida de autoinforme desarrollada para evaluar los 18 EMTs y tiene versiones de forma larga (YSQ-L) y forma corta (YSQ-S). Actualmente se encuentra en su tercera versión (YSQ-S3). Hasta donde tenemos conocimiento, este es el primer estudio que tiene como objetivo validar la versión italiana del YSQ-S3 de acuerdo con la nueva organización propuesta de EMTs en cuatro dominios. Una muestra no clínica de 1372 estudiantes italianos participó en esta investigación. El análisis factorial confirmatorio (CFA) se realizó para examinar la estructura latente del YSQ-S3, incluidas las estructuras de primer y segundo orden. Se calcularon la omega coeficiente de McDonald y la correlación interclase para evaluar la consistencia interna y la fiabilidad test-retest. Las correlaciones entre el YSQ-S3 y la ansiedad y los síntomas del estado de ánimo se calcularon para medir la validez de constructo. El omega de McDonald de casi todos los EMTs fue superior a 0.7, lo que indicó una buena confiabilidad interna, y la confiabilidad test-retest fue excelente. CFA apoya la nueva organización propuesta de EMS en cuatro dominios. Con respecto a la validez concurrente, cada esquema en el YSQ-S3 estaba altamente correlacionado con la ansiedad y los síntomas del estado de ánimo. El nuevo modelo de cuatro dominios del YSQ-S3 ha demostrado que puede ser una herramienta útil y válida para los médicos e investigadores en la medición del autoinforme de los EMTs


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Modelos Psicológicos , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Psicoterapia , Autorrelato/normas , Estudantes/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 361-369, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192073

RESUMO

Las organizaciones están implementando acciones para la mejora de la salud y calidad de vida de sus empleados. Este hecho repercute por tanto en las empresas y en sus empleados, caracterizándose éstos últimos por disponer de cinco fortalezas como son el engagement, la resiliencia, la autoeficacia, el optimismo y la esperanza. El cuestionario del empleado saludable mide ocho dimensiones, por lo que el objetivo del trabajo es validar el instrumento reduciendo el constructo del empleado saludable de ocho dimensiones a cinco dimensiones y constatar la fiabilidad del mismo como medio de evaluación del empleado saludable. 287 empleados (208 hombres y 79 mujeres) de edades comprendidas entre 20-59 años participaron en es-te estudio. Se analizó el ajuste de los modelos de cinco y ocho dimensiones mediante un Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (AFC), utilizando el método de estimación de Máxima Verosimilitud Robusto. Los índices incrementa-les (CFI y NNFI) y el absoluto SRMR mostraron un buen ajuste en ambos modelos al ser superiores a ,90 e inferior a ,08 respectivamente. En cuanto a la comparación de modelos se observa un aumento significativo del estadístico de contraste Chi Cuadrado de Satorra-Bentler en el modelo de cinco frente al de ocho dimensiones, aunque la reducción del CFI en el modelo de cinco dimensiones no superó el criterio de ,01, lo que permitió considerar ambos modelos como similares en cuanto a ajuste. Ambos modelos mostraron resultados satisfactorios en cuanto al ajuste, este hecho confirma el uso del cuestionario del empleado saludable de ocho dimensiones a cinco dimensiones


Organisations are implementing actions to improve the health and quality of life of their employees. This fact therefore has an impact on companies and their employees, the latter being characterised by five strengths: engagement, resilience, self-efficacy, optimism and hope. The Healthy Employee Questionnaire measures eight dimensions, so the aim of the work is to validate the instrument by reducing the construct of the healthy employee from eight dimensions to five dimensions and to ascer-tain the reliability of the instrument as a means of evaluating the healthy employee. 287 employees (208 men and 79 women) aged 20-59 participat-ed in this study. The fit of the five- and eight-dimensional models was ana-lysed by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), using the Robust Maximum Likelihood estimation method. The incremental indices (CFI and NNFI) and the absolute SRMR showed a good fit in both models being higher than .90 and lower than .08, respectively. In terms of model comparison, a significant increase in the Satorra-Bentler Chi Square contrast statistic was observed in the five versus eight-dimensional model, although the reduc-tion of the CFI in the five-dimensional model did not exceed the criterion of .01, which allowed both models to be considered as similar in terms of fit. The two models showed satisfactory results in terms of fit, this fact confirming the reduction of the healthy employee questionnaire from eight dimensions to five dimensions


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , 16054/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoeficácia , Resiliência Psicológica , Análise Fatorial , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Value Health ; 23(8): 1079-1086, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dementia affects many people, with numbers expected to grow as populations age. Many people with dementia receive informal/family/unpaid care, for example, from a spouse or child, which may affect carer quality of life. Measuring the effectiveness of health/social care interventions for carers requires a value measure of the quality-of-life impact of caring. This motivated development of the Scales Measuring the Impact of Dementia on Carers-D (SIDECAR-D) instrument. This study aimed to obtain general population values for SIDECAR-D to aid incorporating the impact of caring in economic evaluation. METHODS: Members of the UK general public completed a best-worst scaling object case survey, which included the 18 SIDECAR-D items and EQ-5D-3L descriptions. Responses were analyzed using scale-adjusted finite mixture models. Relative importance scores (RISs) for the 18 SIDECAR-D items formed the SIDECAR-D relative scale measuring the relative impact of caring. The SIDECAR-D tariff, on the full health = 1, dead = 0 scale, was derived by rescaling EQ-5D-3L and SIDECAR-D RISs so the EQ-5D-3L RISs equaled anchored valuations of the EQ-5D-3L pits state from a visual analog scale task. RESULTS: Five hundred ten respondents completed the survey. The model had 2 parameter and 3 scale classes. Additive utility decrements of SIDECAR-D items ranged from -0.05 to -0.162. Utility scores range from 0.95 for someone affirming 1 item to -0.297 for someone affirming all 18. CONCLUSION: SIDECAR-D is a needs-based scale of the impact on quality of life of caring for someone with dementia, with a valuation tariff to support its use in economic evaluation.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Reino Unido
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32751819

RESUMO

The Baron Depression Screener for Athletes (BDSA) is a brief, valid, and reliable athlete- specific assessment tool developed in the US to assess depressive symptoms in elite athletes. We examined the applicability and reliability of a Japanese version of the BDSA (BDSA-J) in a Japanese context, and further examined the construct validity of the BDSA-J. Web-based anonymous self-report data of 235 currently competing Japanese professional male rugby players (25-29 years = 123 [52.3%]) was analyzed. A two-stage process was conducted to validate the factor structure of the BDSA-J using exploratory factor analysis in a randomly partitioned calibration sample, and confirmatory factor analysis in a separate validation sample. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess internal consistency. Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficients were calculated to examine convergent validity with the Kessler-6. We identified a one-factor structure for BDSA-J. Confirmatory factor analysis supported this one-factor model, revealing good model fit indices. The standardized path coefficients for each of the items were ß = 0.52 to 0.79 (p < 0.001). A Cronbach's alpha of 0.71 was obtained for the BDSA-J. BDSA-J showed significant positive correlations with the Kessler-6. The BDSA-J is an appropriate and psychometrically robust measure for identifying depressive symptoms in Japanese male rugby players.


Assuntos
Atletas/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Futebol Americano , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748853

RESUMO

Medication non-adherence is a concern in chronic disease management. Currently, there is no scale that characterizes sufficient non-adherent reasons for practical use in the Chinese population. This study developed and validated the Chinese version of the Medication Adherence Reasons Scale (ChMAR-Scale) and described non-adherence reasons in adult patients taking blood pressure medicine in Taiwan. A forward-backward procedure was used to translate the original MAR-Scale, and new items pertinent to cultural differences were added. Patients aged above 20 years old who were taking blood pressure medicine were recruited from a regional hospital and eight community pharmacies in the Taipei metropolitan area. Data analyses were conducted with IBM SPSS 19 (Armonk, NY, USA). Exploratory factor analysis revealed six domains, including belief, self-perception, forgetfulness, management, availability, and miscellaneous issues, with Cronbach's alphas ranging from 0.649 to 0.852, item-total correlations ranging from 0.362 to 0.719, and factor loadings ranging from 0.365 to 0.775. Criterion-related validity with the visual analog scale and two global items were 0.525, 0.436, and 0.502. Forgetfulness, belief issues, and self-perception issues were the most common non-adherence reasons. In conclusion, the ChMAR-Scale showed good psychometric properties and identified more reasons for medication non-adherence than other existing scales. Healthcare providers should be vigilant of these problems while consulting patients.


Assuntos
Adesão à Medicação/etnologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Taiwan
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748884

RESUMO

The satisfaction of women with the birth experience has implications for the health and wellness of the women themselves and also of their newborn baby. The objectives of this study were to determine the factor structure of the Women's Views of Birth Labor Satisfaction Questionnaire (WOMBLSQ4) questionnaire on satisfaction with the attention received during birth delivery in Spanish women and to compare the level of satisfaction of pregnant women during the birth process with that in other studies that validated this instrument. A cross-sectional study using a self-completed questionnaire of 385 Spanish-speaking puerperal women who gave birth in the Public University Hospitals of Granada (Spain) was conducted. An exploratory factor analysis of the WOMBLSQ4 questionnaire was performed to identify the best fit model. Those items that showed commonalities higher than 0.50 were kept in the questionnaire. Using the principal components method, nine factors with eigenvalues greater than one were extracted after merging pain-related factors into a single item. These factors explain 90% of the global variance, indicating the high internal consistency of the full scale. In the model resulting from the WOMBLSQ4 questionnaire, its nine dimensions measure the levels of satisfaction of puerperal women with childbirth care. Average scores somewhat higher than those of the original questionnaire and close to those achieved in the study carried out in Madrid (Spain) were obtained. In clinical practice, this scale may be relevant for measuring the levels of satisfaction during childbirth of Spanish-speaking women.


Assuntos
Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/normas , Satisfação do Paciente , Satisfação Pessoal , Cuidado Pré-Natal/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Trabalho de Parto , Parto , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha
14.
Am Heart J ; 228: 36-43, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Less than half of patients with cardiometabolic disease consistently take prescribed medications. While health insurers and some delivery organizations use claims to measure adherence, most clinicians do not have access during routine interactions. Self-reported scales exist, but their practical utility is often limited by length or cost. By contrast, the accuracy of a new 3-item self-reported measure has been demonstrated in individuals with HIV. We evaluated its concordance with claims-based adherence measures in cardiometabolic disease. METHODS: We used data from a recently-completed pragmatic trial of patients with cardiometabolic conditions. After 12 months of follow-up, intervention subjects were mailed a survey with the 3-item measure that queries about medication use in the prior 30 days. Responses were linearly transformed and averaged. Adherence was also measured in claims in month 12 and months 1-12 of the trial using proportion of days covered (PDC) metrics. We compared validation metrics for non-adherence for self-report (average <0.80) compared with claims (PDC <0.80). RESULTS: Of 459 patients returning the survey (response rate: 43.5%), 50.1% were non-adherent in claims in month 12 while 20.9% were non-adherent based on the survey. Specificity of the 3-item metric for non-adherence was high (month 12: 0.83). Sensitivity was relatively poor (month 12: 0.25). Month 12 positive and negative predictive values were 0.59 and 0.52, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A 3-item self-reported measure has high specificity but poor sensitivity for non-adherence versus claims in cardiometabolic disease. Despite this, the tool could help target those needing adherence support, particularly in the absence of claims data.


Assuntos
Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Disponibilidade de Medicamentos Via Internet , Consulta Remota/métodos , Consulta Remota/estatística & dados numéricos , Autorrelato/normas , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237614, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776979

RESUMO

The present study employed structured diagnostic interviews to assess the construct validity of the brief version of the Multidimensional Schizotypy Scale (MSS-B), which was developed to assess positive, negative, and disorganized dimensions of schizotypy. It was hypothesized that the MSS-B subscales would be associated with differential patterns of symptoms and impairment, comparable to findings for the full-length MSS. A total of 177 young adults completed structured diagnostic interviews assessing symptoms and impairment. As hypothesized, MSS-B positive schizotypy was significantly associated with interview ratings of positive (psychotic-like) symptoms, as well as schizotypal and paranoid personality disorder traits. MSS-B negative schizotypy was associated with interview ratings of negative symptoms, as well as schizoid, paranoid, and schizotypal traits. Furthermore, negative schizotypy predicted Cluster A personality disorder diagnoses. MSS-B disorganized schizotypy was associated with interview ratings of disorganized symptoms. All three schizotypy dimensions were associated with impaired functioning. This was the first study to evaluate the validity of the MSS-B using interview measures, and the pattern of findings for each MSS-B subscale was closely comparable to the findings for the full-length MSS. Contrary to our hypothesis, cannabis use was largely unassociated with psychotic-like symptoms and did not moderate the expression of the schizotypy dimensions. The MSS-B has good psychometric properties, high concordance with the full-length MSS, and good construct validity. Thus, it appears to be a promising brief alternative to traditional schizotypy measures.


Assuntos
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Transtorno da Personalidade Esquizotípica/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transtorno da Personalidade Esquizotípica/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237508, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The FUTUREPAIN study develops a short general-purpose questionnaire, based on the biopsychosocial model, to predict the probability of developing or maintaining moderate-to-severe chronic pain 7-10 years into the future. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. Two-thirds of participants in the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States were randomly assigned to a training cohort used to train a predictive machine learning model based on the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm, which produces a model with minimal covariates. Out-of-sample predictions from this model were then estimated using the remaining one-third testing cohort to determine the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). An optimal cut-point that maximized sensitivity and specificity was determined. RESULTS: The LASSO model using 82 variables in the training cohort, yielded an 18-variable model with an out-of-sample AUROC of 0.85 (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.80, 0.91) in the testing cohort. The sum of sensitivity (0.88) and specificity (0.76) was maximized at a cut-point of 17 (95% CI: 15, 18) on a 0-100 scale where the AUROC was 0.82. DISCUSSION: We developed a short general-purpose questionnaire that predicts the probability of an adult having moderate-to-severe chronic pain in 7-to-10 years. It has diagnostic ability greater than 80% and can be used regardless of whether a patient is currently experiencing chronic pain. Knowing which patients are likely to have moderate-to-severe chronic pain in the future allows clinicians to target preventive treatment.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a need for reliable and validated tools to identify, classify, and quantify vaccine-hesitancy in low and middle-income countries, such as Sudan. We evaluated the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the measles vaccine hesitancy scale by assessing its reliability, convergent validity, and criterion validity in Sudan. The vaccine hesitancy scale (VHS) was originally developed by the WHO/SAGE Working Group of Vaccine Hesitancy. METHODS: A community-based survey among parents was conducted in February 2019 in Khartoum state. We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to examine the structure of the adapted measles VHS (aMVHS). We computed Cronbach's alphas, correlations with other vaccine hesitancy measurements including the Parental Attitude towards Childhood Vaccination (PACV) and the Vaccine Confidence Index (VCI), and performed a Mann-Whitney U test for assessing the reliability and the convergent and criterion validity, respectively. Moreover, to examine whether the aMVHS can predict the child's vaccination status, the area under the curve (AUC) was estimated using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 500 parents. Most were women (87.2%) between the ages of 20 and 47 (M = 31.15, SD = 5.74). The factor analyses indicated that the aMVHS comprises of two factors (sub-scales): 'confidence' and 'complacency'. The aMVHS sub-scales correlated weakly to moderately with the PACV and VCI scales. The area under the curve was 0.499 at most (P >0.05) and the aMVHS score did hardly differ between actually vaccinated and non-vaccinated children. CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore that the aMVHS and its confidence and complacency sub-scales are reliable and have a moderately good convergent validity. However, the aMVHS has a limitation in predicting the concurrent child's vaccination status. More work is needed to revise and amend this aMVHS, particularly by additionally including the 'convenience' construct and by further evaluating its validity in other contexts.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Sarampo/uso terapêutico , Sarampo/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Vacinação/psicologia , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sarampo/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pais/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Sudão
18.
J Laryngol Otol ; 134(8): 696-702, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has resulted in various changes in knowledge, attitude and practice among doctors. A survey was conducted of otolaryngologists in India regarding these aspects in relation to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. METHOD: Otolaryngologists from West Bengal (India) were invited to participate in an online self-administered survey. Data were collected and analysed using appropriate methods. RESULTS: Responses from 133 participants, grouped into 4 groups by their career stage, were collected and analysed. Of the participants, 36.8 per cent were directly involved in treating a known or suspected coronavirus disease 2019 patient, although 66.2 per cent considered the personal protective equipment inadequate. Ninety-four per cent indicated that their willingness to perform procedures depended on personal protective equipment availability. Of the respondents, 83.5 per cent revealed additional mental stress due to the pandemic. Of the participants, 41.4 per cent took hydroxychloroquine as coronavirus disease 2019 prophylaxis. CONCLUSION: This study provides an insight into which issues may need attention, to help ENT surgeons tackle the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic more effectively based on analysis of responses in the survey.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Otorrinolaringologistas/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Conscientização , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Escolha da Profissão , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/ética , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Conhecimento , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Otorrinolaringologistas/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Medição de Risco , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645941

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the food safety conditions in home kitchens from the Brazilian Federal District. A previously validated instrument composed of 77 items (in four blocks) was used to evaluate the safety conditions in home kitchens. A survey was carried out with on-site application with 226 home kitchens' food handlers in the Federal District, Brazil to evaluate Brazilian home kitchens' good practices. Of the home kitchen food handlers, most of them were female (64.6%), had completed undergraduate education (29.2%), and were 45-59 years old (23.5%). The visited households had an average of 3.38 ± 1.48 residents that ate some of their meals at home, and 40% declared the monthly family income to be between 5 and 15 Brazilian minimum wages (MW). Regarding the reliability of the instrument, from the KR-20 test, it was verified that the instrument presents good internal consistency (α = 0.758). According to the instrument classification, the home kitchens' sample was considered as at a medium risk of food contamination (46.5% of them presented from 51 to 75% of conformities to the instrument). There was a statistical difference between house-kitchens with a family income from zero to one minimum wage (MW) and those receiving from 5 to 15 MW (p = 0.017), as well as between those from zero to one MW and who earn above 15 MW (p = 0.009). The result of the on-site evaluation shows that the instrument was able to measure food safety conditions in Brazilian Federal District domestic kitchens. Such findings can contribute positively to the development of actions in health education that help in the adoption of good practices of food manipulation and, consequently, in the reduction in foodborne disease outbreaks in residences.


Assuntos
Manipulação de Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Família , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664632

RESUMO

Despite the fact that American Heart Association (AHA) recommended a systematic screening for depression in cardiovascular inpatients, poor attention has been given to this issue. Furthermore, no specific guidelines exist for anxiety screening in cardiovascular inpatients. Thus, the aims of this study were to verify the feasibility of a depressive and anxiety symptoms screening protocol in an Italian hospital specializing in cardiovascular diseases and to evaluate both anxiety and depressive symptoms prevalence. A group of 2009 consecutive inpatients completed the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7). The rates of depressive and anxiety symptoms were almost 9% and 16% respectively. Men were less likely than women to experience both depressive and anxiety symptoms. Patients who were admitted to the heart failure unit reported higher risk of experiencing both symptoms compared to patients in other wards. Similarly, patients admitted to the cardiac surgery unit showed a higher risk of experiencing anxiety symptoms compared to other patients. The proposed screening procedure showed a good feasibility and acceptance. This study highlighted the importance of implementing a short screening procedure in hospitals dealing with cardiovascular inpatients to identify those individuals who require specific attention and interventions.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/psicologia , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
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