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1.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 39(4): 406-410, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085947

RESUMO

Collaboration between several College of Medicine departments, including the library, resulted in a creation of a new service for faculty during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. By combining efforts, support for teaching online became a united effort and much less daunting for faculty, who could consult one group for online teaching support, rather than three or four different entities. The resulting endeavor led to a website FAQ and consulting email address that is accessible to all faculty to provide focused and timely technology and education assistance to faculty.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Tecnologia Educacional/organização & administração , Docentes de Medicina/educação , Bibliotecas Médicas/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais , Pennsylvania
2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 68(11): 2399-2403, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120627

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess awareness about online classes and to assess if they can aid learning in the field of medicine amid lockdown. Methods: Online survey comprising a questionnaire related to the aspects of online teaching was undertaken. There were 16 questions, and responses were collected from undergraduates, postgraduates, and the teaching faculties. Results: Online classes were viewed favorably by the vast majority of respondents. Out of 412 respondents 79.9% actively attended the classes. While 42% felt the timings were inappropriate as they clashed with duty hours, a set of 35% had difficulty understanding the content and most of them were undergraduates. Poor internet connection was a main hindrance identified. In total, 69.2% respondents were happy with the feasibility of the classes and believed these classes had the advantage of being economical as they offered exposure to national and international faculty from the comfort of their homes. Conclusion: Conducting online classes on a national scale is a herculean task for a developing country because of poor internet connectivity and deficient access to high-speed broadband services. Nevertheless, their popularity among students during the current crisis shows that it is a very pragmatic and feasible teaching option and can definitely supplement traditional classroom teaching.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Educação Médica/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 392, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a global health issue and has had a major impact on education. Consequently, half way through the second semester of the academic year 2019/2020, learning methods were delivered through distance learning (DL). We aimed to evaluate the student perspective of DL compared to classroom learning (CL) in the undergraduate dentistry study program at the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia. METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent at the end of the semester. A total of 301 students participated in the study. RESULTS: Duration of study influenced student preference. Higher number of first-year students preferred DL compared to their seniors (p < 0.001). Students preferred CL for group discussion, as DL resulted in more difficult communication and gave less learning satisfaction. Only 44.2% students preferred DL over CL, although they agreed that DL gave a more efficient learning method (52.6%), it provided more time to study (87.9%) and to review study materials (87.3%). Challenges during DL included external factors such as unstable internet connection, extra financial burden for the internet quota and internal factors such as time management and difficulty to focus while learning online for a longer period of time. CONCLUSION: Despite some challenges, dental students could adapt to the new learning methods of full DL and the majorities agreed blended learning that combined classroom and distance learning can be implemented henceforth. This current COVID-19 pandemic, changes not only the utilization of technology in education but the pedagogy strategies in the future.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Educação a Distância/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Pandemias , Grupo Associado , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia
4.
Cell ; 182(6): 1366-1371, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905783

RESUMO

Operation Outbreak (OO) is a Bluetooth-based simulation platform that teaches students how pathogens spread and the impact of interventions, thereby facilitating the safe reopening of schools. OO also generates data to inform epidemiological models and prevent future outbreaks. Before SARS-CoV-2 was reported, we repeatedly simulated a virus with similar features, correctly predicting many human behaviors later observed during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Epidemiologia/educação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Número Básico de Reprodução , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Aplicativos Móveis , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Smartphone
5.
J Physician Assist Educ ; 31(3): 121-125, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has presented physician assistant (PA) educators with unprecedented challenges in delivering content remotely with minimal time to develop new pedagogical strategies. We surveyed faculty about their experience during the early weeks of adapting to these new instructional techniques. METHODS: An anonymous quantitative and qualitative survey was distributed to all individuals registered by programs as Physician Assistant Education Association members. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 22.3% (667/2991) with 32% of program directors (PD), and 23.7% of faculty reporting they had taught online synchronous content prior to COVID-19 adaptations. Prior experience with technology was associated with significantly lower levels of faculty stress during the pivot to online instruction. A majority of the respondents felt educational quality had remained consistent despite the transition to online teaching, and a majority of both faculty and program directors anticipate only minor changes to program structure once they are able to return to traditional classroom learning. Concerns about technology were most commonly cited as stressors and as causes of decreased quality of instruction. CONCLUSION: Educational challenges and stress during the pandemic were most prominently associated with unfamiliar technology. It remains to be seen what changes persist when the pandemic subsides.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Docentes/psicologia , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atitude Frente aos Computadores , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
6.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(19): e860-e864, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate resident, fellow, and attending perspectives on the use of e-learning as part of orthopaedic surgery education. METHODS: A survey was created evaluating (1) overall attitudes toward e-learning, (2) multi-institutional e-learning/e-conferences, (3) national/regional e-conferences, and (4) future directions with e-learning. The survey was distributed to all the orthopaedic surgery residency program directors in the United States, and they were asked to circulate the survey to their program's faculty and trainees. RESULTS: A total of 268 responses were collected, including 100 attendings and 168 trainees. Overall satisfaction with e-learning compared with in-person learning was higher among trainees than attending faculty, with 51.4% of trainees favoring e-learning, as opposed to 32.2% of attendings (P = 0.006). Both groups felt they were more likely to pay attention with in-person learning (P = 0.89). During the COVID-19 pandemic, 85.7% of residents have used e-learning platforms to join a conference in their specialty of interest while off-service. Most attendings and trainees felt e-learning should play a supplemental role in standard residency/fellowship education, with a low number of respondents feeling that it should not be used (86.6% versus 84%, and 2.1% versus 0.6%, respectively, P = 0.28). CONCLUSION: E-learning has been an important modality to continue academic pursuits during the disruption in usual education and training schedules during the COVID-19 pandemic. Most trainees and attendings surveyed felt that e-learning should play a supplementary role in resident and fellow education moving forward. Although e-learning does provide an opportunity to hold multi-institutional conferences and makes participation in meetings logistically easier, it cannot fully replicate the dynamic interactions and benefits of in-person learning.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Ortopedia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Ortopedia/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/psicologia , Estados Unidos
8.
Curr Opin Ophthalmol ; 31(5): 380-385, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694267

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the transition of ophthalmology education to a virtual curriculum during the COVID-19 pandemic. We highlight innovative solutions ophthalmic educators implemented for medical students, residents, and fellows. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical and surgical ophthalmology volume abruptly decreased in March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 public health crisis. All didactics, grand rounds, and journal clubs shifted to an online format. Ophthalmic educators collaborated with other institutions in the United States and abroad on shared virtual curricula and seminars, and simulation-based training tools were better emphasized for surgical skill acquisition. We share the latest literature written by ophthalmic educators on successful adaptation of these new instructional strategies. SUMMARY: The COVID-19 pandemic transformed ophthalmology education overnight and accelerated the adoption of innovative e-virtual learning resources for trainees. These changes will undoubtedly remain part of the new paradigm of medical education in the post-COVID era.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Currículo , Educação a Distância/métodos , Internato e Residência , Oftalmologia/educação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Humanos , Pandemias , Estados Unidos
9.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1262: 19-38, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613578

RESUMO

Embryology and histology are subjects that are viewed as particularly challenging by students in higher education. This negative perception is the result of many factors such as restricted access to lab facilities, lack of allocated time to these labs, and the complexity of the subject itself. One main factor that influences this viewpoint is the difficulty of grasping 3D orientation of sectioned tissues, especially regarding embryology. Attempts have been made previously to create alternative teaching methods to help alleviate these issues, but few have explored 3D visualisation. We aimed to address these issues by creating 3D embryological reconstructions from serial histology sections of a sheep embryo. These were deployed in a mobile application that allowed the user to explore the original sections in sequence, alongside the counterpart 3D model. The application was tested against a currently available eHistology programme on a cohort of life sciences graduates (n = 14) through qualitative surveys and quantitative testing through labelling and orientation-based tests. The results suggest that using a 3D modality such as the one described here significantly improves student comprehension of orientation of slides compared to current methods (p = 0.042). Furthermore, the developed application was deemed more interesting, useful, and usable than current eHistology tools (p < 0.05). Modalities such as that developed here could therefore provide a more effective approach to learning these challenging subjects potentially increasing student engagement with embryology and histology.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Instrução por Computador , Embrião de Mamíferos , Embriologia , Animais , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Instrução por Computador/normas , Embriologia/educação , Técnicas Histológicas , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Aprendizagem , Ovinos
11.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 78(4): 446-448, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627731

RESUMO

Training and education are essential for medical students. During the COVID-19 outbreak, numerous schools and universities have had to close. Ensuring pedagogical continuity requires alternatives to the traditional classroom, especially in medical education. Usual distance learning tools such as videos and downloadable handouts are not sufficient to promote efficient teaching. Distance learning requires self-motivation and does not give you direct access to your instructor. Some students fear the loss of human contact with an instructor - like asking questions during and after class - which promotes learning, understanding and communication. Moreover, classical distance learning methods do not offer immediate feedback that can help students in their understanding of the lecture. In this context, interactive pedagogic tools (IPT) could be useful for medical education continuity and for maintaining human contact necessary in pedagogy. We briefly evaluated interactive pedagogic tool compared to traditionnal distancial tools on medical students. This study showed the importance to have direct contact with a teacher and feedback during a lecture and to not exclusively perform distance learning without direct interaction and feedback. Hence, in the present context, we encourage teacher to use this type of tools to maintain direct interaction with students - which is essential in pedagogy - and ensure a qualitative pedagogical continuity.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/métodos , Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Treinamento por Simulação , Software , Betacoronavirus , Serviços de Laboratório Clínico/organização & administração , Instrução por Computador/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Educação a Distância/organização & administração , Educação a Distância/normas , Educação Médica Continuada/organização & administração , Humanos , Internet/organização & administração , Internet/normas , Aprendizagem , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/organização & administração , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/normas , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Treinamento por Simulação/organização & administração , Treinamento por Simulação/normas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravação em Vídeo/métodos , Gravação em Vídeo/normas
12.
J Optom ; 13(4): 216-226, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703749

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Academia is experiencing massive reforms globally amid lockdown in COVID-19 outbreak. This study is aimed to apprehend the enabling and impeding factors of these reforms, with a focus on optometry education. It brings together how the Indian optometry educational system has responded to COVID-19 disruptions with findings of the 2020 survey, in light of similar survey done in 2018. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional survey was designed to find changes in optometry training and adaptations of Indian optometry educators amid COVID 19 lockdown. In the last week of April 2020, on the observation that the majority of optometry institutions have switched their teaching-learning activities on e-learning mode, an online survey was conducted using a validated questionnaire containing a mix of open and close-ended questions. RESULTS: Seventy-three out of 78 optometry educators (93.58%) have switched to e-learning mode in a very short time span with good confidence. Most teaching-learning and assessment activities are carried out using multi-device supporting video conferencing tools, dedicated educational portals and social media apps. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic is proving to be a constructive disruptor, giving an opportunity for restructuring the present conventional, classroom based educational system. The quick transitions to online mode assisted in keeping continuity of optometry education programs, effectively fitting in the purpose of completion of the current academic year. The rapid transition to online education has not only benefited optometry students but also has created a momentum of continued education for practicing optometrist in the country.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/métodos , Optometria/educação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Educação Baseada em Competências , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Quarentena , Autoaprendizagem como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
World Neurosurg ; 138: 619-628, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This thesis uses the traditional Chinese medicine theory as its background. This article analyzes in detail the visual teaching system for acupuncture on the human body to solve the problems of insufficient teaching resources and waste of corpses used in teaching. The dissertation is based on the mobile platform development technology of the Android operating system. Based on this, researchers have developed a visual teaching system for human acupuncture points based on digital platforms and mobile devices. This system presents acupuncture knowledge with mobile learning method. It can be displayed systematically on the selected human acupoint anatomy teaching model for 14 common clinical conditions. This article provides an intuitive and dynamic teaching method by presenting a system should realize modern digital teaching and application of traditional acupuncture theory.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Neurônios/fisiologia , Realidade Virtual , Humanos
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