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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1131: 1031-1063, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646544

RESUMO

The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a G protein-coupled receptor that plays a key role in calcium homeostasis, by sensing free calcium levels in blood and regulating parathyroid hormone secretion in response. The CaSR is highly expressed in parathyroid gland and kidney where its role is well characterised, but also in other tissues where its function remains to be determined. The CaSR can be activated by a variety of endogenous ligands, as well as by synthetic modulators such as Cinacalcet, used in the clinic to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease. The CaSR couples to multiple G proteins, in a tissue-specific manner, activating several signalling pathways and thus regulating diverse intracellular events. The multifaceted nature of this receptor makes it a valuable therapeutic target for calciotropic and non-calciotropic diseases. It is therefore essential to understand the complexity behind the pharmacology, trafficking, and signalling characteristics of this receptor. This review provides an overview of the latest knowledge about the CaSR and discusses future hot topics in this field.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cinacalcete/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/etiologia , Rim/metabolismo , Glândulas Paratireoides/metabolismo , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/química , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17628, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of anticoagulation therapy for stroke prevention in older atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to explore the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation therapy in this population. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were systematically searched for studies reporting the effect of anticoagulation therapy in older patients with AF and CKD. The risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were regarded as the risk estimates. A random-effects model selected was to evaluate the treatment outcomes. The presentations were based on the Preferred Reporting Items for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies with 24,794 older patients with AF and CKD were included. The follow-up of the included studies ranged from 0.9 to 9.0 years. In older patients with no dialysis, compared with nonanticoagulants, anticoagulants reduced the risk of all-cause death (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.54-0.79), but had comparable risks of ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA, RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.46-1.79) and bleeding (RR 1.17, 95% CI 0.86-1.60). In older patients with dialysis, compared with nonanticoagulants, anticoagulants increased the risk of bleeding (RR 1.37, 95% CI 1.09-1.74), but had similar risks of ischemic stroke/TIA (RR 1.18, 95% CI 0.88-1.58) and death (RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.60-1.27). CONCLUSION: Compared with nonanticoagulation, anticoagulation therapy is associated with a reduced risk of death in older AF patients with nondialysis, but an increased risk of bleeding in older patients with dialysis.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Humanos , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17573, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651859

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) receiving maintenance dialysis experience an overall burden of physical and emotional symptoms. However, there were limited alternative treatments to dialysis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 79-year-old woman with chronic kidney disease stage 5 (CKD5) and gout had refused to be on dialysis. She also had hypoglycemia, hypertension, and heart disease. DIAGNOSES: The patient had received the ultrasonography, the renal biopsy and biochemical examinations, confirming the diagnosis of renal impairment, primary hypertension, and chronic nephritic syndrome with unspecified morphologic changes. INTERVENTIONS: She was administered with 20 mL Eefooton (a liquid formula of herbal extracts: Astragalus membranaceus 3 g, Codonopsis pilosula 3 g, Ligustrum lucidum 3 g, Panax quinquefolius 1.3 g, and Rhodiola sacra 1.3 g) orally twice a day for 6 months in addition to her regular medications. OUTCOMES: The patient was followed up for 3 months after the completion of the Eefooton adjuvant treatment. The patient's renal function was improved, and CKD progression was alleviated. After Eefooton treatment, the sizes of both kidneys in the patient increased by 8% while blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations were decreased. In addition, further reduction in BUN concentration was observed 2 months posttreatment. LESSONS: This case demonstrated that Eefooton has potential therapeutic significance in patients with CKD5 who chose conservative treatment over dialysis.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Fitoterapia/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190010.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the renal function of the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory criteria of the National Health Survey (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde - PNS). METHODOLOGY: A descriptive study was carried out with laboratory data from the PNS, which was collected between the years 2014 and 2015. Population prevalence of the serum creatinine (CR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) according to sociodemographic variables, were analyzed from the PNS laboratory data. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 8,535 individuals aged 18 years old or older for the study of CR and 7,457 for the study of GFR. The GFR prevalence < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was 6.7% (95%CI 6.0 - 7.4), higher in women (8.2% 95%CI 7.2 - 9.2) than in men (5.0% 95%CI 4.2 - 6.0) p < 0.001, and in elderly > 60 years old it was 21.4%. For the values of CR ≥ 1.3 mg/dL in men were 5.5% (95%CI 4.6 - 6.5), and in women values of CR ≥ 1.1 mg/dL were 4.6% (95%CI 4.0 - 5.4), with no diference between the genders, p = 0.140. CONCLUSION: Results from the PNS laboratory identified a higher prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the Brazilian population than that estimated in self-reported studies, with higher GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 in women, and reaching one fifth of the elderly. These tests may be useful for the purpose of identifying the disease early on and thus preventing the progression of renal damage and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Creatinina/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(4): 906-913, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599259

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease and the methods of its treatment play an important part in shaping the Quality of Life QOL of patients receiving dialysis. KDQOL™-36 is the most widely used instrument to evaluate health related quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients. The aim of the study was the subjective assessment of the quality of life (QOL) of patients treated with hemodialysis and also to understand the distribution of component scores of the scale with distribution of responses to individual items of the scale among the selected sample. This cross sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 151 patients of chronic kidney disease receiving hemodialysis with pre-dialysis proper education at Inpatient Department in National Institute of Kidney Diseases and Urology (NIKDU), Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period of June 2018 to December 2018. The instrument to measure the QOL was Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Bangla version 36 (KDQOL™-36). Recruited patients were interviewed with questionnaire technique to collect data with the scale which is a structured questionnaire comprised of four subscales. Mean scores ±SD of the domain of the physical and mental component summary, burden of kidney disease, symptoms and problems of kidney disease and effects of kidney disease subscales were 29.3±16.03, 16.93±13.0, 81.09±13.14 and 61.67±13.84 respectively. The mean ±SD of the combined score for all the four domains was 47.24±11.52. The rate of those with impaired QOL (mean score <66.7) was 96.7%. The most bothersome domain was burden of the kidney disease domain, where the mean scores of all the items were below 66.7. The study provides information that regular pre-dialysis attendance helps to provide the patient with proper education and thereby achieve better QOL among patients of chronic kidney disease receiving hemodialysis. By using the KDQOL™-36 scale this study finds that the domain of symptom of the kidney disease appeared to have least effect on the quality of life as the mean scores ranged higher from other subscales and in most cases the scores were above 66.7.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Diálise Renal , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17458, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626101

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Asymptomatic Paget disease of bone (PDB) is mostly diagnosed by accidental finding of osteolytic lesion on the plain film. However, in elderly patient with chronic renal insufficiency and weight loss, it is crucial to differentiate PDB from metabolic and metastatic bone diseases for further treatment and better outcome. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 80-year-old man with chronic kidney disease presented to our emergency department due to fever with chillness for a day, while the abdominal fullness, anorexia, and weight loss had been noted for 3 months. Mixed osteoblastic and lytic changes in the pelvic bone were accidentally found on the abdominal plain film. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed as asymptomatic PDB and urinary tract infection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOME: The patient received 7 days intravenous and followed by 7 days oral antibiotic treatment, which lead to clinical improvement of his urinary tract infection. No pharmacological treatment was initiated for the asymptomatic and localized PDB. The patient was discharged under stable condition afterward. LESSONS: In patients with mixed osteolytic and blastic lesions, the differential diagnoses include metabolic and metastatic bone disease. Thorough understanding of the morphology of the bone lesions in high risk patient, not only helps to make differential diagnosis, but it also leads to precise treatment and better outcome.


Assuntos
Osteíte Deformante/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Osteíte Deformante/etiologia , Perda de Peso
7.
JAMA ; 322(13): 1294-1304, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573641

RESUMO

Importance: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the 16th leading cause of years of life lost worldwide. Appropriate screening, diagnosis, and management by primary care clinicians are necessary to prevent adverse CKD-associated outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, end-stage kidney disease, and death. Observations: Defined as a persistent abnormality in kidney structure or function (eg, glomerular filtration rate [GFR] <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or albuminuria ≥30 mg per 24 hours) for more than 3 months, CKD affects 8% to 16% of the population worldwide. In developed countries, CKD is most commonly attributed to diabetes and hypertension. However, less than 5% of patients with early CKD report awareness of their disease. Among individuals diagnosed as having CKD, staging and new risk assessment tools that incorporate GFR and albuminuria can help guide treatment, monitoring, and referral strategies. Optimal management of CKD includes cardiovascular risk reduction (eg, statins and blood pressure management), treatment of albuminuria (eg, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers), avoidance of potential nephrotoxins (eg, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), and adjustments to drug dosing (eg, many antibiotics and oral hypoglycemic agents). Patients also require monitoring for complications of CKD, such as hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and anemia. Those at high risk of CKD progression (eg, estimated GFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2, albuminuria ≥300 mg per 24 hours, or rapid decline in estimated GFR) should be promptly referred to a nephrologist. Conclusions and Relevance: Diagnosis, staging, and appropriate referral of CKD by primary care clinicians are important in reducing the burden of CKD worldwide.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Complicações do Diabetes/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Medição de Risco
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17146, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567954

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) will progress to end stage without treatment, the decline off renal function may not linear. A sensitive marker such as soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptors (suPARs) may allow potential intervention and treatment in earlier stages of CKD. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to measure plasma (suPAR) in patients with CKD with different stages and to find its correlation with the disease severity. METHODS: This study was conducted on 114 subjects, 84 were patients with different stages and different causes of CKD, and 30 healthy subjects as controls. Blood urea, serum creatinine, serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 24 hours proteinuria were measured, renal biopsy was done for all patients, and plasma (suPAR) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: suPAR plasma levels were significantly higher in patients with CKD (7.9 ±â€Š3.82 ng/mL) than controls (1.76 ±â€Š0.77 ng/mL, P < .001). suPAR correlated with the disease severity. In stage 1 to 2 group, it was 3.7 ±â€Š1.5 ng/mL, in stage 3 to 4, it was 10.10 ±â€Š1.22 ng/mL, and in stage 5 group, it was 12.34 ±â€Š0.88 ng/mL; the difference between the 3 groups was highly significant (P < .001). A cutoff point 2.5 ng/mL of suPAR was found between controls and stage 1 group. According to the cause of CKD, although patients with obstructive cause and those with focal glomerulosclerosis had the higher levels 9.11 ±â€Š3.32 ng/mL and 8.73 ±â€Š3.19 ng/mL, respectively, but there was no significant difference between patients with CKD according to the cause of the CKD. CONCLUSION: Plasma (suPAR) increased in patients with CKD and correlated with disease severity.


Assuntos
Receptores de Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ureia/sangue , Adulto Jovem
9.
Braz Dent J ; 30(5): 437-445, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596327

RESUMO

The symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often not specific or absent in the early stages of this illness. Therefore, there is a demand for developing low cost, non-invasive and highly accurate platforms for CKD diagnostics. We hypothesized that the level of specifics salivary components changes when CKD is emplace, which could be clinically used to discriminate CKD patients from healthy subjects. The present study aimed to compare salivary components between CKD patients and matched control subjects by using attenuated total reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The predictive power of salivary components was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Several components were identified, and 4 of them showed different expression (p<0.05) between CKD and control subjects. Thiocyanate (SCN-, 2052 cm-1) and phospholipids/carbohydrates (924 cm-1) vibrational modes using original and second-derivative spectra by ATR-FTIR could potentially be used as salivary biomarkers to differentiate CKD than control subjects. The combination of original and second-derivative spectra by ATR-FTIR of 924 cm-1 vibrational modes could reach 92.8% sensitivity and 85.7% specificity for CKD detection. Despite, the limitation of our investigation, the acquired data indicates that salivary vibrational modes by ATR-FTIR platform should be further explored as an auxiliary diagnostic tool for CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Saliva , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
10.
Nephrol Nurs J ; 46(5): 533-541, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566348

RESUMO

Successful health care transition from pediatric to adult care emphasizes the need for a collaborative effort to employ systematic processes. The development of a structured health care transition program for adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) was the goal of this quality improvement program. The non-experimental design included development of an individualized health care transition treatment plan and TRxANSITION Scale™ application of the transition plan with patient evaluation; success designated full transition to adult care. Of the 19 patients enrolled, 74% had CKD, and 26% were renal transplant recipients. TRxANSITION Scale variables with the highest Pearson Correlation coefficients for total scores and strong positive relationships were self-management, insurance, and school. Four participants successfully transitioned. Purposeful, interprofessional health care transition preparation provides youth with CKD ongoing access to subspecialists, promotes self-care, and allows continued support of long-term health care planning. This evidence-based project adds to the body of knowledge for a topic that has proven to be challenging and often difficult for patients, families, and providers.


Assuntos
Modelos Organizacionais , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Transição para Assistência do Adulto/organização & administração , Adolescente , Humanos
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(38): 3008-3013, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607034

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effect of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrp) receptor on the proliferation of tibial growth plate chondrocytes in chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) young rats. Methods: Two-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into two groups: (1) Sham group (n=6), only left ureter was exposed; (2) CRI group(n=6), left ureter was ligated to induce chronic renal insufficiency. Rats were sacrificed 2 weeks after operation and the blood concentration of PTHrp was detected by intracardiac blood sampling. Chondrocytes isolated from growth plate in two groups were cultured in vitro to P3 generation. The level of PTHrp receptor in chondrocytes was observed by immunohistochemistry and quantitative analysis was completed by Western blot. The proliferation rate of chondrocytes from two groups at 24 h was detected by using 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EDU) technique. Three types of PTHrp receptor mRNA plasmids (overexpressed, empty vector and knockdown) were used to treat the chondrocytes from CRI group. The mRNA and protein levels of PTHrp receptor were detected after 24 h and 48 h intervention, respectively. The chondrocyte proliferation rate at 24 h was detected by EDU. Results: Blood concentration of PTHrp in CRI group was higher than that in Sham group [(1.36±0.42) ng/L vs (0.77±0.21) ng/L, t=3.913, P=0.001]. The results of Western blot showed that the level of PTHrp receptor in growth plate chondrocytes from CRI group decreased (0.15±0.07 vs 0.41±0.13, t=5.569, P<0.001). Chondrocyte proliferation rate of CRI group was lower than that in Sham group at 24 h [(11.3±3.1)% vs (24.6±5.7)%, t=6.482, P<0.001]. The mRNA and protein levels of PTHrp receptor increased in chondrocytes of CRI group after intervention with overexpressed plasmid. The chondrocyte proliferation rate increased at 24 h. On the contrary, the mRNA and protein levels of PTHrp receptor decreased afer intervention with knockdown plasmid, and the chondrocyte proliferation rate also decreased [overexpression: (22.8±6.5)%, empty carrier: (10.2±4.3)%, knockdown: (5.6±2.1)%, F=29.840, P<0.001]. Conclusion: Increased PTHrp concentration in the blood of CRI young rats leads to decreased PTHrp receptors in growth plate chondrocytes, which results in decreasing PTHrp activity and proliferation rate of chondrocyte.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Condrócitos , Lâmina de Crescimento , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo
12.
F1000Res ; 82019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583081

RESUMO

Since the association of microalbuminuria (MAU) with cardiovascular (CV) risk was described, a huge number of reports have emerged. MAU is a specific integrated marker of CV risk and targets organ damage in patients with hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and diabetes and its recognition is important for identifying patients at a high or very high global CV risk. The gold standard for diagnosis is albumin measured in 24-hour urine collection (normal values of less than 30 mg/day, MAU of 30 to 300 mg/day, macroalbuminuria of more than 300 mg/day) or, more practically, the determination of urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio in a urine morning sample (30 to 300 mg/g). MAU screening is mandatory in individuals at risk of developing or presenting elevated global CV risk. Evidence has shown that intensive treatment could turn MAU into normoalbuminuria. Intensive treatment with the administration of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker, in combination with other anti-hypertensive drugs and drugs covering other aspects of CV risk, such as mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, new anti-diabetic drugs, and statins, can diminish the risk accompanying albuminuria in hypertensive patients with or without CKD and diabetes.


Assuntos
Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Fatores de Risco
13.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(5): 981-988, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare and assess various outcomes and success of buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty (BMGU) in patients with CKD versus patients having normal renal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, single centre study, during period 2013 to 2017. Patients were grouped into two groups. Group 1 had patients with estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR)>60mL/min/1.73m2 while group 2 had patients with eGFR <60mL/min/1.73m2. eGFR was calculated according to the MDRD equation. The two groups were compared with regard to various outcomes like length, location of stricture, technique of graft placement, intra-operative blood loss (haemoglobin drop), duration of hospital stay, post-operative complications and recurrence. RESULTS: A total of 223 patients were included in study with group 1 had 130 patients and group 2 had 93 patients. Mean age of patients with CKD were higher (47.49 years versus 29.13 years). The mean follow-up period was comparable between both groups (23.29 months and 22.54 months respectively). Patients with CKD had more post-operative Clavien Grade 2 or higher complications (p=0.01) and a greater recurrence rates (p<0.001) than in non-CKD patients. On multivariate analysis, age and CKD status was significant predictor of urethroplasty success (p=0.004) (OR= 14.98 (1.952-114.94, 95% CI). CONCLUSIONS: CKD patients are more prone to post-operative complications in terms of wound infection, graft uptake and graft failure and higher recurrence rates following BMGU.


Assuntos
Mucosa Bucal/transplante , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Uretra/cirurgia , Estreitamento Uretral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Recidiva , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1188-1193, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022221

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar os fatores de risco/condicionantes para a falência da fístula arteriovenosa e analisar os cuidados necessários para manutenção da fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudo piloto realizado com 10 participantes com histórico de falência de fístula arteriovenosa, com dados coletados por meio de formulário e analisados por estatística descritiva, aceito pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, com número do CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259. Resultados: A idade média foi de 57,3 anos. A hipertensão arterial foi a doença prévia mais comum encontrada entre os participantes. A hipotensão e as punções repetidas foram os fatores de risco/condicionantes com maior ocorrência. Conclusão: a maioria dos participantes possuíam baixa escolaridade e informaram ter tido alguma complicação na FAV. A hipotensão como fator condicionante para falência das FAV, permaneceu de forma frequente entre os participantes. Observou-se que grande parte já realizava tratamento dialítico prévio


Objective: The study's purpose has been to identify the risk/conditioning factors for Arteriovenous Fistula Failure (AVF), and also to analyze the care required for handling the arteriovenous fistula. Methods: It is a pilot study that was carried out with 10 participants showing a history of AVF. The data were collected through a form and analyzed by descriptive statistics. This research was accepted by the Research Ethics Committee from the Pedro Ernesto University Hospital, under the Certificado de Apresentação para Apreciação Ética (CAAE) [Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appreciation] No. 64150117.2.0000.5259. Results: The average age was 57.3 years old. Arterial hypertension was the most common prior disease among the participants. Hypotension and repeated punctures were the most frequent risk/conditioning factors. Conclusion: A relevant percentage of the participants had little education and reported having had some complication in the AVF. Hypotension, as a conditioning factor for AVF failure, remained frequent among the participants. It was observed that a large part of the participants have undergone dialysis treatment previously


Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo / condicionantes para la quiebra de la fístula arteriovenosa y analizar los cuidados necesarios para el mantenimiento de la fístula arteriovenosa. Métodos: Estudio piloto realizado con 10 participantes con historial de fallo de fístula arteriovenosa, con datos recogidos por medio de formulario y analizados por estadística descriptiva, aceptado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto, con número del CAAE nº 64150117.2.0000.5259 . Resultados: La edad media fue de 57,3 años. La hipertensión arterial fue la enfermedad previa más común entre los participantes. La hipotensión y las punciones repetidas fueron los factores de riesgo / condicionantes con mayor ocurrencia. Conclusión: la mayoría de los participantes tenían baja escolaridad e informaron haber tenido alguna complicación en la FAV. La hipotensión como factor condicionante para la quiebra de las FAV, permaneció de forma frecuente entre los participantes. Se observó que gran parte ya realizaba tratamiento dialítico previo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Brasil , Fístula Arteriovenosa/prevenção & controle
16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 915-918, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the children with hearing disorder in Hunan province, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used to select 1 500 children as subjects. Questionnaire surveys, physical examinations, and laboratory examinations were performed on the spot. RESULTS: Among the 1 500 children, 1 459 with complete data were included in analysis. Among the 1 459 children, 43 had CKD, with a prevalence rate of 2.95%. The <7 years group had a significantly higher prevalence rate than the 7-14 years group [5.8% (35/604) vs 0.9% (8/855); P<0.05]. Among the 43 children with CKD, 31 (72%) had proteinuria, 27 (63%) had hematuria, and 11 (26%) had a decreased glomerular filtration rate. Among the 43 children with CKD, stage 1, 2, 3a, 3b, 4, and 5 CKD accounted for 30% (13 cases), 44% (19 cases), 12% (5 cases), 7% (3 cases), 7% (3 cases), and 0% (0 case) respectively. The prevalence rate of CKD increased with the severity of hearing disorder (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence rate of CKD is higher among the children with hearing disorder in Hunan province. Most children have early-stage CKD. CKD is commonly seen in preschool children. Severity of hearing disorder is associated with the prevalence of CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Transtornos da Audição/complicações , Humanos , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 669-673, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530351

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze diagnosis rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in hospitalized pediatric patients in a single center and understand pediatricians' awareness of CKD. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Children who were admitted to the Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Peking University First Hospital from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2017 and met the diagnostic criteria of CKD (kidney disease: improving global outcomes 2012 guideline) were recruited. A total of 4 472 cases were enrolled. Original CKD diagnosis was collected from the home page of medical records. Actual CKD diagnosis was validated and corrected by reviewing medical records and recalculating glomerular filtration rate. The diagnosis rate and influencing factors of pediatric CKD, the distribution and etiology of actual CKD were analyzed. The comparison between groups were performed with χ(2) test. Results: In 4 472 cases, there were 3 470 cases in actual CKD stage 1, among which only 24 cases were in original CKD stage 1. There were 543 cases in actual CKD stage 2-3, among which only 181 cases were in original CKD stage 2-3. Three hundred and one cases were in actual CKD stage 4-5, including 290 cases in original CKD stage 4-5. In addition, there were 43 cases with unknown CKD stage and 115 cases with acute kidney injury. Compared to original CKD diagnosis, the diagnosis rates of CKD stage 1-5 were 0.7% (24/3 470), 16.7% (58/348), 63.1% (123/195), 90.7% (78/86) and 98.6% (212/215), respectively. The proportions of actual CKD stage 1-5 were 80.4% (3 470/4 314), 8.1% (348/4 314), 4.5% (195/4 314), 2.0% (86/4 314) and 5.0% (215/4 314). The etiology of actual CKD included primary glomerular disease (62.2%, 2 686/4 314), secondary glomerular disease (19.7%, 849/4 314), hereditary kidney disease (9.1%, 391/4 314), congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) (3.1%, 135/4 314), tubulointerstitial disease (2.2%, 94/4 314) and etiology uncertain (2.1%, 89/4 314). The leading cause of end stage renal disease was etiology uncertain (31.1%, 67/215), followed by hereditary kidney disease (24.2%, 52/215), CAKUT (16.3%, 35/215) and primary glomerular disease (16.3%, 35/215). Conclusions: Among actual CKD hospitalized pediatric patients, the diagnosis rate of CKD given by physicians at discharge was relatively low, especially patients in earlier CKD stages, which reflected serious lack of physicians' awareness of CKD.


Assuntos
Rim/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
18.
Nephrol Nurs J ; 46(4): 375-394, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490048

RESUMO

Adult patients on hemodialysis experience a high prevalence of poor oral health and periodontitis. The chronic inflammation associated with poor periodontal health can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality among patients on hemodialysis. A systematic review of research articles published from 2012-2018 was conducted to synthesize current literature on the subject. Forty-three articles were identified. Findings were summarized into two categories: clinical measurements and lifestyle/quality of life. We suggest the development, implementation, and evaluation of oral health nursing interventions and periodontal treatments among patients on hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Adulto , Humanos
19.
Nephrol Nurs J ; 46(4): 413-445, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490051

RESUMO

Pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk of developing vaccine-preventable diseases due to reduced immunization coverage. Studies have demonstrated that reduced immunization coverage in this population is related to barriers, such as frequent hospitalization, lack of knowledge, and concerns about safety and efficacy. This article examines a nurse practitioner-led quality improvement project (QIP) conducted in an outpatient pediatric nephrology clinic. The QIP focused on educating pediatric providers related to age-appropriate immunizations for children with CKD or nephrotic syndrome, and those who are renal transplant candidates and recipients. A process is now in place to review immunization records upon initial visit and annually, and to notify primary care providers of current recommendations for this population.


Assuntos
Imunização/normas , Transplante de Rim , Síndrome Nefrótica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Criança , Humanos , Profissionais de Enfermagem Pediátrica , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Melhoria de Qualidade , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 91, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489069

RESUMO

Introduction: Haemodialysis (HD) which is a form of renal replacement therapy commonly prescribed for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is not without deleterious haemodynamic responses which may occur either during or immediately after the termination of the procedure. These may include hypotension or hypertension. Methods: This was a retrospective study that reviewed chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on maintenance haemodialysis at the renal unit of University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria. In all, 71 patients were reviewed but only 64 patients had complete data for analysis. Socio-demographic, clinical and biochemical data were obtained from the records in the dialysis unit. Results: There were more males 38 (59.4%) than females 26 (40.6%) in the study. The mean age was 51.71±15.43 years and 43.04±14.03years for males and females respectively. The prevalence of intradialysis hypertension 29 (45.3%) was higher than that of intradialysis hypotension 20 (31.3%) and the commonest cause of CKD requiring haemodialysis was diabetic nephropathy. The factors associated with intradialysis hypotension were lower post-dialysis systolic blood pressure (PDSBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and less number of antihypertensive medications; while the factors associated with intradialysis hypertension were higher post-dialysis systolic blood pressure (SBP), MAP, greater number of antihypertensive medications and longer duration of haemodialysis. Conclusion: Our study shows that there are several modifiable factors associated with blood pressure fluctuations among CKD patients on maintenance haemodialysis in the renal unit of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Pressão Sanguínea , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Hipotensão/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
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