Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.087
Filtrar
1.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 427-430, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023305

RESUMO

Based on current guidelines, 15% to 20% of patients undergoing mitral valve repair for regurgitation develop left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction < 50%-55%) despite a normal baseline. Two schools of thought have been debated: preexisting myocardial disease or suboptimal intraoperative myocardial protection. In our view, they could be reconciled. It is well recognized that left ventricular ejection fraction with a standard cut off at 50%-55% has limited sensitivity in detecting early systolic impairment in mitral regurgitation patients. Mitral regurgitation also leads to mitochondrial oxidative stress, thus rendering the myocardium more susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion injury and precipitating postoperative cardiac dysfunction. The fall in left ventricular ejection fraction early after mitral valve repair was shown to be caused by the reduction in both myocardial contractility and left ventricular stroke volume. To mitigate the risk to myocardial reperfusion injury, appropriate cardioplegia volume and distribution and well-defined surgical repair processes are equally important. We use transesophageal echocardiography-guided cardioplegia delivery, imaging the intramyocardial flow and ensuring adequate protection of the subendocardium during mitral valve repair. Mild aortic regurgitation on a beating heart often leads to left ventricular dilatation with diminished cardioplegia flow in the myocardium, thus requiring direct ostia cardioplegia. Systematic transesophageal echocardiography assessment before surgery is essential for establishing the mitral regurgitation mechanisms and translating them into precise surgical repair strategies. The benefits of transesophageal echocardiography-guided cardioplegia delivery warrant further clinical trials in order to evolve into part of a high surgical standard.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Parada Cardíaca Induzida , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/prevenção & controle , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/efeitos adversos , Parada Cardíaca Induzida/efeitos adversos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 390-397, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency or urgent surgery is often required in patients with papillary muscle rupture and active mitral valve infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients with active endocarditis who underwent emergency or urgent mitral valve repair. METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, 154 ischemic mitral regurgitation patients and 41 infective endocarditis patients underwent mitral valve repair in our institution; 23 had emergency operations due to papillary muscle rupture, and 18 with active infective endocarditis underwent urgent surgery. RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass time (141.4 ± 43.3 versus 145.3 ± 46.5 min) and crossclamp time (77.7 ± 34.1 versus 79.2 ± 33.0 min) were similar in the papillary muscle rupture and elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroups, and major postoperative complications were comparable. Hospital mortality was 17.4% in the papillary muscle rupture subgroup and 8.4% in the elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroup. Cardiopulmonary bypass time (103.6 ± 37.0 versus 75.5 ± 20.8 min) and crossclamp time (61.7 ± 21.2 versus 45.3 ± 18.0 min) were significantly longer in infective endocarditis patients. There were no major complications or hospital deaths. Eight years postoperatively, overall survival was 94.4% and 86.5% in the papillary muscle rupture and elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroups, respectively (p = 0.730). Overall survival was 100% in both infective endocarditis subgroups. CONCLUSION: The feasibility and effectiveness of emergency or urgent mitral valve repair in patients with papillary muscle rupture and active infective endocarditis are satisfactory. Early and mid-term outcomes are comparable to those of elective operations.


Assuntos
Endocardite/cirurgia , Ruptura Cardíaca/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Músculos Papilares/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Emergências , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/mortalidade , Endocardite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Ruptura Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Cardíaca/mortalidade , Ruptura Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Duração da Cirurgia , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(2): 106-113, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32670470

RESUMO

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as the gold standard in assessing ventricular mass, volume, and systolic function. Due to these and other strengths, CMR has increasingly been used to study valvular heart disease (VHD) and resultant cardiac remodeling. By using CMR to assess flow, limitations in echocardiographic assessment of VHD can be overcome, particularly in regurgitant lesions. The following article reviews the current role of CMR imaging in studying disease severity and myocardial remodeling in patients with VHD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 377-380, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600053

RESUMO

We have defined a standard surgical procedure for rheumatic mitral valve repair (the Score procedure) including four steps: shaving, checking, commissurotomy, and relaxing. Here, we summarize the clinical pathological classification for making a decision on repair or replacement. Given the large number of patients in China, we consider it the responsibility of Chinese cardiac surgeons to adopt a therapeutic schedule for rheumatic mitral valve disease, which includes a simple operation with reliable effects and easy to promote. This schedule would ensure that millions of patients get the best treatment to extend survival and improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , China , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 421-426, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611195

RESUMO

The term atrial functional mitral regurgitation refers to a newly recognized disease entity in which mitral regurgitation occurs secondary to left atrial disease, without left ventricular dilatation and intrinsic mitral valve disease, typically in the setting of long-standing atrial fibrillation. Recent evidence suggests that atrial functional mitral regurgitation is associated with increased risk of death and heart failure re-hospitalization. The etiology, pathophysiology, and mechanism of atrial functional mitral regurgitation is not completely understood but they should not be regarded as the same as for the conventional type of functional mitral regurgitation secondary to left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction. Mitral annular dilatation, atriogenic leaflet distortion, insufficient leaflet remodeling, and subtle left ventricular dysfunction may play a role in the pathogenesis of atrial functional mitral regurgitation. The therapeutic and surgical considerations of atrial functional mitral regurgitation are different from those of ventricular functional mitral regurgitation. In this review, we assess current evidence regarding this new disease entity and propose a new surgical approach based on up-to-date understanding and experience of this condition.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Remodelamento Atrial , Frequência Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 404-412, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary nationwide data from mainland China on trends in mitral valve surgery are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to review a single-center experience with mitral valve surgery over a 10-year period in East China. METHODS: Between July 2009 and June 2019, 3238 consecutive patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in our center were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were evenly divided into three periods: July 2009 to October 2012 (period I), November 2012 to February 2016 (period II), March 2016 to June 2019 (period III). RESULTS: The 3238 patients included 536 (16.6%) who had mitral valve repair and 2702 (83.4%) who had mitral valve replacement. Early mortalities for mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement were 0.2% and 0.9%, respectively. There were trends towards a higher proportion of degenerative valve lesions (24.6%, 35.8%, 54.7% in periods I, II, and III, respectively) and a lower proportion of rheumatic valve lesions (71.0%, 62.6%, 38.0%) in more recent years. The proportions of minimally invasive surgery (0.7%, 2.1%, 30.2%), mitral valve repair (8.3%, 15.4%, 27.5%), use of a bioprosthesis (10.1%, 17.0%, 23.1%), and concomitant tricuspid valve procedures (13.2%, 28.5%, 46.0%) increased dramatically, while early mortality remained constant during the 10-year period (1.0%, 0.3%, 0.9%). CONCLUSIONS: In the past 10 years, the spectrum of mitral valve disease experienced a trend towards more degenerative valve lesions and less rheumatic valve lesions in East China. Mitral valve repair, bioprostheses, tricuspid valve repair, and minimally invasive surgery have been more often applied in recent years.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/tendências , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/tendências , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Bioprótese/tendências , China , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/tendências , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/mortalidade , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(10): 1963-1972, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535841

RESUMO

Accurate quantification of mitral regurgitation (MR) severity is critical for appropriate clinical decision making regarding surgical intervention. General imaging three-dimensional quantification (GI3DQ) method allows for direct measurement of mitral regurgitant jet volume (MRJvol) with the help of three-dimensional (3D) color flow Doppler imaging. The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic value of MRJvol by GI3DQ for MR grading severity, using the guideline recommended integrated approach as a reference. The study included ninety-seven patients with varying degree of MR, and all MR cases were divided into central MR group (n = 44) and eccentric MR group (n = 53). The MRJvol was measured by GI3DQ. The severity of MR was graded on the basis of recommended integrated approach as mild, moderate, or severe. As assessed by receiver operating characteristic analysis, MRJvol by GI3DQ at a cutoff value of 43.4 ml yielded 76.9% of sensitivity and 86.9% of specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR in all cases, a cutoff value of 47.5 ml yielded 98.9% of sensitivity and 94.4% of specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR in central MR, and a cutoff value of 40.7 ml yielded 80.0% of sensitivity and 78.6% of specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR in eccentric MR. MRJvol measured by GI3DQ could assess MR severity, especially in central MR group, which has higher sensitivity and specificity to differentiate moderate from severe MR.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
8.
J Vis Exp ; (159)2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510479

RESUMO

Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a widely prevalent heart valve lesion, which causes cardiac remodeling and leads to congestive heart failure. Though the risks of uncorrected MR and its poor prognosis are known, the longitudinal changes in cardiac function, structure and remodeling are incompletely understood. This knowledge gap has limited our understanding of the optimal timing for MR correction, and the benefit that early versus late MR correction may have on the left ventricle. To investigate the molecular mechanisms that underlie left ventricular remodeling in the setting of MR, animal models are necessary. Traditionally, the aorto-caval fistula model has been used to induce volume overload, which differs from clinically relevant lesions such as MR. MR represents a low-pressure volume overload hemodynamic stressor, which requires animal models that mimic this condition. Herein, we describe a rodent model of severe MR in which the anterior leaflet of the rat mitral valve is perforated with a 23G needle, in a beating heart, with echocardiographic image guidance. The severity of MR is assessed and confirmed with echocardiography, and the reproducibility of the model is reported.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Ratos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232817, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: MitraClip implantation is an established therapy for secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) in high-risk patients and has shown to improve several important outcome parameters such as functional capacity. Patient selection is both challenging and crucial for achieving therapeutic success. This study investigated baseline predictors of functional improvement as it was quantified by the six-minute walk distance (6MWD) after transcatheter mitral valve repair. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 79 patients with secondary MR treated with MitraClip implantation at an academic tertiary care center. Before and four weeks after the procedure, all patients underwent comprehensive clinical assessment, six-minute walk tests and echocardiography. 6MWD significantly improved after MitraClip therapy (295 m vs. 265 m, p < 0.001). A linear regression model including seven clinical baseline variables significantly predicted the change in 6MWD (p = 0.002, R2 = 0.387). Female gender, diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension were found to be significant negative predictors of 6MWD improvement. At baseline, female patients had significant higher left ventricular ejection fraction (49% vs. 42%, p = 0.019) and lower 6MWD (240 m vs. 288 m, p = 0.034) than male patients. CONCLUSION: MitraClip implantation in secondary MR significantly improves functional capacity in high-risk patients even in the short term of four weeks after the procedure. Female gender, diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension are baseline predictors of a less favourable functional outcome. While further validation in a larger cohort is recommended, these parameters may improve patient selection for MitraClip therapy.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/terapia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 33, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 3D-time resolved flow (4DF) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with retrospective analysis of atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) allows for internal validation by multiple direct and indirect methods. Limited data exist on direct measurement of AVVR by 4DF CMR in pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD). We aimed to validate direct measurement of the AVVR jet as accurate and reliable compared to the volumetric method (clinical standard by 2D CMR) and as a superior method of internal validation than the annular inflow method. METHODS: We identified 44 consecutive patients with diverse CHD referred for evaluation of AVVR by CMR. 1.5 T or 3 T scanners, intravenous contrast, and a combination of parallel imaging and compressed sensing were used. Four methods of measuring AVVR volume (RVol) were used: volumetric method (VOL; the clinical standard) = stroke volume by 2D balanced steady-state free precession - semilunar valve forward flow (SLFF); annular inflow method (AIM) = atrioventricular valve forward flow [AVFF] - semilunar valve net flow (SLNF); and direct measurement (JET). AVFF was measured using static and retrospective valve tracking planes. SLFF, SLNF, AVFF, and JET were measured by 4DF phase contrast. Regurgitant fraction was calculated as [RVol/(RVol+SLNF)]× 100. Statistical methods included Spearman, Wilcoxon rank sum test/Student paired t-test, Bland Altman analysis, and intra-class coefficient (ICC), where appropriate. RESULTS: Regurgitant fraction by JET strongly correlated with the indirect methods (VOL and AIM) (ρ = 0.73-0.80, p < 0.001) and was similar to VOL with a median difference (interquartile range) of - 1.5% (- 8.3-7.2%; p = 0.624). VOL had weaker correlations with AIM and JET (ρ = 0.69-0.73, p < 0.001). AIM underestimated RF by 3.6-6.9% compared to VOL and JET, p < 0.03. Intra- and inter- observer reliability were excellent for all methods (ICC 0.94-0.99). The mean (±standard deviation) inter-observer difference for VOL was 2.4% (±5.1%), p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: In a diverse cohort of pediatric CHD, measurement of AVVR using JET is accurate and reliable to VOL and is a superior method of internal validation compared to AIM. This study supports use of 4DF CMR for measurement of AVVR, obviating need for expert prospective prescription during image acquisition by 2D CMR.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232719, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is predicted to affect around 17.9 million individuals in Europe by 2060. The disease is associated with severe electrical and structural remodelling of the heart, and increased the risk of stroke and heart failure. In order to improve treatment and find new drug targets, the field needs to better comprehend the exact molecular mechanisms in these remodelling processes. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify gene and miRNA networks involved in the remodelling of AF hearts in AF patients with mitral valve regurgitation (MVR). METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from right atrial biopsies from patients undergoing surgery for mitral valve replacement or repair with AF and without history of AF to test for differentially expressed genes and miRNAs using RNA-sequencing and miRNA microarray. In silico predictions were used to construct a mRNA-miRNA network including differentially expressed mRNAs and miRNAs. Gene and chromosome enrichment analysis were used to identify molecular pathways and high-density AF loci. RESULTS: We found 644 genes and 43 miRNAs differentially expressed in AF patients compared to controls. From these lists, we identified 905 pairs of putative miRNA-mRNA interactions, including 37 miRNAs and 295 genes. Of particular note, AF-associated miR-130b-3p, miR-338-5p and miR-208a-3p were differentially expressed in our AF tissue samples. These miRNAs are predicted regulators of several differentially expressed genes associated with cardiac conduction and fibrosis. We identified two high-density AF loci in chromosomes 14q11.2 and 6p21.3. CONCLUSIONS: AF in MVR patients is associated with down-regulation of ion channel genes and up-regulation of extracellular matrix genes. Other AF related genes are dysregulated and several are predicted to be targeted by miRNAs. Our novel miRNA-mRNA regulatory network provides new insights into the mechanisms of AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/genética , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/patologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cromossomos Humanos/genética , Epistasia Genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Genoma Humano , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Análise de Componente Principal , Remodelação Vascular
12.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(1): H100-H108, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442022

RESUMO

Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is prognostic in heart failure (HF). MR favors an nonphysiological exercise central cardiac output (CO) redistribution which adds to oxygen (O2) delivery failure. The consequences of this redistribution in O2 supply have not been explored previously. We aimed at evaluating the putative role of cardiac output (CO) and O2 arteriovenous [C(a-v)O2] difference in the attained peak V̇o2 in advanced HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and MR. 134 HFrEF patients and 80 controls with no HF underwent exercise gas exchange combined with CO and C(a-v)O2 estimated by echo-Doppler technique. The HF population was divided into two groups: HF with severe rest MR (MR+ group; n = 36) and no to mild MR (MR- group; n = 98). HF groups did not differ in rest CO (MR+ vs. MR- 3.4 ± 1.8 vs. 3.8 ± 1.0 L/min; P = 0.32) and showed a trend for a higher C(a-v)O2 at rest (9.0 ± 4.0 vs. 8.0 ± 2.0 mL O2/100 mL; P = 0.14). In HF, CO and C(a-v)O2 at rest were significantly lower and higher compared with controls. At peak exercise, MR+ compared with MR- exhibited a significant reduction in peak V̇o2 11.6 ± 3.0 vs. 13.7 ± 3.6 ml O2·kg-1·min-1; P < 0.01) with a lower O2 delivery (CO: 5.2 ± 3.3 vs. 7.0 ± 2.0 L/min; P < 0.01), which was partially compensated by a significantly greater O2 extraction [C(a-v)O2, 18 ± 5 vs. 15 ± 4 mL O2/100 mL; P < 0.01]. In HFrEF, severe MR is associated with impaired O2 delivery due to CO redistribution to the pulmonary circulation. C(a-v)O2 is maximalized to compensate for the reduced O2 delivery. This novel information is relevant to phenotyping and targeting mediators of functional response in HF. Specifically, findings provide directions in the understanding at which extent mitral valve repair would restore an efficient cardiac reserve by enhancing O2 delivery during exercise, likely contributing to symptom relief and hopefully impacting the clinical trajectory of HF syndrome with secondary MR.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This is an analysis involving 134 heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction versus 80 controls investigated during functional evaluation with gas exchange and hemodynamic, addressing the severe MR phenotype and testing the hypothesis that the backward cardiac output redistribution to the lung during exercise impairs delivery and overexpresses peripheral extraction. This information is new and has important implications in the management of heart failure.


Assuntos
Débito Cardíaco , Exercício Físico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adaptação Fisiológica , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Circulação Pulmonar , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar
14.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 360-365, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469675

RESUMO

A sound knowledge of the functional anatomy of the mitral valve and the alterations caused by different diseases is indispensable for surgeons treating patients with mitral valve disease. Rheumatic mitral valve disease remains the most common heart valvular disorder in developing countries, whereas mitral regurgitation due myxomatous degeneration of the valve is the most common in developed countries. The mitral valve should be repaired whenever possible, as long as the outcome is predictably better than that of replacement. The intraoperative decision to repair or replace is not always simple and depends on the experience of the surgeon and the pathological changes that caused mitral valve dysfunction.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(9): 1751-1759, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405733

RESUMO

Whether sex differences exist in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remain unknown. We sought to assess and compare CMR characteristics in male and female patients with HCM. From January-2006 to October-2017, 165 consecutive HCM patients evaluated with CMR were included. All clinical and complementary test information was prospectively collected. At the time of CMR evaluation women were older (70 [57-75] vs. 61 [47-72] years, p = 0.02) and more symptomatic in terms of dyspnea (New York Heart Association class II-IV 47.2 vs. 24.1%, p = 0.003) and palpitations (19.6 vs. 4.6%, p = 0.006) and received more frequently treatment with diuretics (49.1% vs. 23.4%, p = 0.001). On echocardiographic examination more women had obstructive physiology (45.1 vs. 20.6%, p = 0.002). On CMR evaluation, women showed smaller left ventricular end-systolic volume index (13 [10-15] vs. 16 [13-21] ml/m2, p < 0.001), higher left ventricular ejection fraction (77 [74-80] vs. 72 [66-78]%, p = 0.004), more marked left ventricular outflow tract acceleration (54.7 vs. 26.4%, p < 0.001) and mitral regurgitation (33.3 vs. 12.7%, p = 0.002). In multivariable analysis, female sex [OR 2.44 (1.04-5.73), p = 0.04] and left ventricular end-systolic volume index [OR 1.60 (1.08-2.38), p = 0.018] were independently associated with obstructive physiology. Women with HCM have more frequently obstructive physiology, a finding that could be related to the smaller left ventricular end-systolic volume.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
16.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 366-370, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436717

RESUMO

Rheumatic mitral valve disease remains a challenge for cardiac surgeons. Valve repair has several advantages over valve replacement but is technically demanding for good results. To improve rheumatic mitral valve repair, surgeons need to have a deep understand of the mitral valve complex and its dynamics. The goal of repair is to restore normal diastolic and systolic function. The current approach is to perform a holistic repair of the entire mitral complex. Each part of the complex is thoroughly explored to define the problem. Several innovative techniques have been introduced to correct valve dysfunction and provide gratifying results. The details of these techniques will be described, based on an understanding of the relationship of the mitral valve complex and dynamics. With this approach, rheumatic mitral valve repair is becoming more successful, reproducible, and safe. Long-term follow-up is mandatory.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(11): 1666-1672, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284174

RESUMO

MRI studies have shown a tight correlation between mitral regurgitant volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LV EDV) in patients with primary chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). They have also shown a tight correlation between regurgitant volume and the decrease in LVEDV following mitral valve surgery. The purpose of this study is to validate an empiric calculation that can be used preoperatively to predict the amount of left ventricular remodeling following mitral valve correction. This is a prospective multicenter study of 63 (61 ± 13 years, male 65%) patients who underwent an MRI before and after mitral valve correction. Pre and postmitral valve correction ventricular volumes and ejection fractions were quantified. The predicted change in LV EDV was empirically calculated as mitral regurgitant volume/left ventricular ejection fraction. The observed change in LV EDV was compared to the predicted change in LV EDV. The LVEDV decreased in 61 (97%) patients following mitral valve correction (237 ± 66 ml vs 164 ± 46 ml, p <0.0001). Correlation between the observed and predicted change in LVEDV was good for the entire cohort (r = 0.77, p <0.0001) and excellent in patients with <10 ml of residual MR (r = 0.87, p <0.0001). This tight correlation was seen in both patients with primary (0.86, p <0.0001) and secondary MR (0.97, p <0.0001) and <10 ml of residual MR. Multivariate predictors of LV remodeling were MR volume, primary MR, and LVESV. In conclusion cardiac MRI volumetric measurements accurately predict LV remodeling following mitral valve correction. This finding supports the notion that MRI accurately quantifies the severity of chronic mitral regurgitation and a cardiac MRI should be strongly considered before mitral valve correction.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular , Idoso , Bioprótese , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 413-415, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252534

RESUMO

Degenerative mitral regurgitation due to posterior leaflet prolapse is often associated with tissue redundancy in the leaflet height and free margin of the prolapsing segment. The butterfly technique has been introduced for focal resection to precisely control the leaflet height without annular plication. This technique is indicated for a high prolapsing leaflet, greater than 20 mm. With intraoperative measurement of leaflet heights and ink dot marking as a depth indicator, the butterfly technique can be safely performed in most high posterior leaflet prolapse cases, without increasing the risk of systolic anterior motion.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Técnicas de Sutura , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA