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4.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e928089, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Severe tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) is associated with high cardiovascular mortality. Safe and feasible interventional approaches to treat severe TR are of clinical relevance. The MitraClip is a device that has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the repair of mitral valve lesions. Percutaneous femoral venous access with fluoroscopic and echocardiographic guidance is used to deliver a cobalt-chromium clip to secure the mitral valve leaflets. We report on an 85-year-old man with tricuspid valve regurgitation who underwent percutaneous edge-to-edge tricuspid valve leaflet plication with the new, advanced MitraClip XTR System. CASE REPORT An 85-year-old man with severe TR due to annulus dilation of the right ventricle and short septal leaflet presented repeatedly at our hospital with severe right heart failure symptoms. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed severe TR with a large coaptation gap size of 10.6 mm. Percutaneous edge-to-edge valve repair with the new-generation MitraClip System XTR with wider clip arms could overcome the large coaptation gap. We achieved a strong reduction of TR after deploying 2 MitraClips XTR. The patient recovered quickly and has not been admitted to hospital due to heart failure symptoms since the intervention for more than 6 months. CONCLUSIONS Previous studies have shown the safety and effectiveness of the MitraClip device and supported FDA approval for tricuspid valve repair. This report of a patient with complex tricuspid regurgitation demonstrated the feasible use of the new MitraClip XTR System, which improved edge-to-edge tricuspid valve repair due to its increased span and improved grip.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500310

RESUMO

A 41-year-old woman was referred to tertiary cardiothoracic surgery centre following embolisation of the Amplatzer patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure device to septal leaflet of tricuspid valve with reopening of PFO. Two years earlier, she presented with thalamic stroke, and she was found to have a PFO following investigations. The following year she underwent transcatheter closure. Six months after the percutaneous closure, she presented again with significant periods of shortness of breath. Imaging studies revealed the migration and embolisation of PFO closure device to the septal leaflet of tricuspid valve with reopening of the foramen and significant tricuspid valve regurgitation. She underwent open heart surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass for retrieval of the device, closure of the foramen and repair of the tricuspid valve. The patient recovered well without any significant issues following surgery.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca , Remoção de Dispositivo , Forame Oval Patente/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495170

RESUMO

It is recognised that infective endocarditis is frequently a challenging diagnosis to make, as it may present with a range of non-specific symptoms. A middle-aged man was admitted with an 8-day history of profuse non-bloody diarrhoea and vomiting. He had no medical history and no identifiable risk factors for infective endocarditis, and so this in combination with the patient's atypical symptoms presented a diagnostic challenge. The patient was eventually diagnosed with a Staphylococcus aureus right-sided infective endocarditis. This case report explores the events which led to this diagnosis and demonstrates a number of unique learning points. It also highlights the importance of maintaining an open mind and being prepared to revise an initial diagnosis in the face of medical uncertainty.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Disenteria/diagnóstico , Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Bacteriemia/complicações , Hemocultura , Proteína C-Reativa , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diarreia/fisiopatologia , Escore de Alerta Precoce , Ecocardiografia , Endocardite Bacteriana/complicações , Endocardite Bacteriana/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipóxia , Ácido Láctico , Leucocitose , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Vômito/fisiopatologia
10.
Elife ; 92020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320094

RESUMO

Over 1.6 million Americans suffer from significant tricuspid valve leakage. In most cases this leakage is designated as secondary. Thus, valve dysfunction is assumed to be due to valve-extrinsic factors. We challenge this paradigm and hypothesize that the tricuspid valve maladapts in those patients rendering the valve at least partially culpable for its dysfunction. As a first step in testing this hypothesis, we set out to demonstrate that the tricuspid valve maladapts in disease. To this end, we induced biventricular heart failure in sheep that developed tricuspid valve leakage. In the anterior leaflets of those animals, we investigated maladaptation on multiple scales. We demonstrated alterations on the protein and cell-level, leading to tissue growth, thickening, and stiffening. These data provide a new perspective on a poorly understood, yet highly prevalent disease. Our findings may motivate novel therapy options for many currently untreated patients with leaky tricuspid valves.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Valva Tricúspide/metabolismo , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Colágenos Fibrilares/genética , Colágenos Fibrilares/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Carneiro Doméstico , Transdução de Sinais , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/metabolismo , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
11.
Am J Cardiol ; 134: 116-122, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891401

RESUMO

Assessment of right ventricular (RV) systolic function in patients with significant secondary tricuspid regurgitation (STR) remains challenging. In patients with severe aortic stenosis treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), STR and RV enlargement have been associated with poor outcomes. In these patients, speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) may detect RV systolic dysfunction better than 3-dimensional (3D) RV ejection fraction (EF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of RV dysfunction when assessed with STE in patients with significant STR (≥3+) compared with patients without significant STR (<3+) matched for 3D RV dimensions and RVEF on dynamic computed tomography (CT). Patients with dynamic CT data before TAVI were evaluated retrospectively. To assess the performance of RV-free wall strain (RVFWS) for identifying patients with impaired RV systolic function, patients were subsequently matched 1:1 based on age, gender, indexed RV end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi), indexed RV end-systolic volume (RVESVi), RVEF, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In a total 267 patients (80 ± 8 years, 48% male), significant STR (≥3+) was observed in 67 patients. Patients with STR≥3+ had larger RVEDVi, larger RVESVi, lower LVEF, and more impaired RVFWS compared with patients with STR<3+ (n = 200). After propensity score matching, patients with STR≥3+ (n = 53) had significantly more impaired RVFWS compared with patients with STR<3+ (n = 53): -18.2 ± 5.0% versus -21.1 ± 3.7%, p = 0.001. In conclusion, patients with significant STR have more pronounced RV systolic dysfunction as assessed with STE than the patients without significant STR despite having similar 3D RV dimensions and RVEF on dynamic CT.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sístole , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
14.
Am J Cardiol ; 129: 95-101, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624190

RESUMO

The high prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in elderly patients is well known. However, much remains unknown about those population. We sought to find the clinical characteristics of echocardiographic PH and the prognostic factors in patients ≥90 years of age. We retrospectively reviewed 310 patients ≥90 years of age (median age 92 years, 64% women) diagnosed as echocardiographic PH (peak systolic pulmonary arterial pressure ≥40 mm Hg) with normal left ventricular systolic function. We defined left heart disease (LHD) as significant left-sided valve diseases, left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction by using echocardiography. The endpoint was all-cause death at 2,000 days after diagnosis. LHD was found in 92% of patients. During the median follow-up of 367 days (interquartile range, 39-1,028 days), 151 all-cause deaths (49%) occurred. Multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that right ventricular fraction area change <35% (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.31; p <0.001), pericardial effusion (adjusted HR: 2.28; p <0.001), serum albumin <3.5 g/dL (adjusted HR: 1.76; p = 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (adjusted HR: 1.93; p = 0.001) and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class ≥II (adjusted HR: 1.73; p = 0.004) were associated with mortality after adjusted for age. In conclusion, LHD was significantly associated with echocardiographic PH in most patients ≥90 years of age. Also, the co-morbid factors at diagnosis (right ventricular systolic dysfunction, pericardial effusion, hypoalbuminemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and NYHA class ≥II) were independently associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Diástole , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipoalbuminemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Análise Multivariada , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico por imagem , Derrame Pericárdico/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Albumina Sérica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/epidemiologia
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 152, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (CCTGA) is caused by atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance. Cases of CCTGA with spontaneous chordae rupture of tricuspid valve have not been reported before. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we diagnosed a 38-year-old man, who was found CCTGA 14 years ago, as spontaneous chordae rupture by real-time three dimentional transesophageal echocardiography (RT-3D-TEE). The present case is the first report to describe a CCTGA patient combine with spontaneous chordae rupture in tricuspid valve. After tricuspid valve replacement, the patient was uneventful after 6 years' follow-up. CONCLUSION: We reported a rare case with spontaneous chordae rupture of tricuspid valve in a CCTGA patient and explored its etiology here. RT-3D-TEE is an important supplement to 2-dimentional transthoracic echocardiography and can provide more accurate detections in tricuspid valve diseases in CCTGA.


Assuntos
Cordas Tendinosas/patologia , Transposição Congênita Corrigida de Grandes Artérias/complicações , Ruptura Espontânea/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Prolapso da Valva Tricúspide/complicações , Adulto , Cordas Tendinosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Ruptura Espontânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
16.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 124, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Woven coronary artery (WCA) is an extremely rare congenital anomaly in which a part of epicardial coronary artery is divided into thin channels, that twist along the axis of the coronary arteries and then merge again as the main coronary lumen. This anomaly is regarded as a benign condition because the blood flow is normal. Very few cases of WCA have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein we report a case of a 44-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital due to 20 years of repeated episodes of heart palpitations, 2 years of shortness of breath after activity, and the symptoms were aggravated for 1 month. He had history of inferior myocardial infarction and atrial fibrillation. Color Doppler echocardiography revealed rheumatic heart disease, severe mitral regurgitation, mild-moderate tricuspid regurgitation, moderate pulmonary hypertension. Coronary angiography revealed 60-85% diffuse stenosis in the middle of left anterior descending artery, 60-90% diffuse stenosis in the middle of left circumflex artery, 30-40% diffuse stenosis in the proximal segment of right coronary artery, and WCA anomaly in the middle, and distal segments of right coronary artery. CONCLUSION: The patient successfully underwent prosthetic valve replacement and left anterior descending coronary artery bypass grafting, and had a good recovery after surgery. Further studies are needed to fully understand the disease and determine appropriate treatment options.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/complicações , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Cardiopatia Reumática/complicações , Cardiopatia Reumática/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 33, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 3D-time resolved flow (4DF) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with retrospective analysis of atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) allows for internal validation by multiple direct and indirect methods. Limited data exist on direct measurement of AVVR by 4DF CMR in pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD). We aimed to validate direct measurement of the AVVR jet as accurate and reliable compared to the volumetric method (clinical standard by 2D CMR) and as a superior method of internal validation than the annular inflow method. METHODS: We identified 44 consecutive patients with diverse CHD referred for evaluation of AVVR by CMR. 1.5 T or 3 T scanners, intravenous contrast, and a combination of parallel imaging and compressed sensing were used. Four methods of measuring AVVR volume (RVol) were used: volumetric method (VOL; the clinical standard) = stroke volume by 2D balanced steady-state free precession - semilunar valve forward flow (SLFF); annular inflow method (AIM) = atrioventricular valve forward flow [AVFF] - semilunar valve net flow (SLNF); and direct measurement (JET). AVFF was measured using static and retrospective valve tracking planes. SLFF, SLNF, AVFF, and JET were measured by 4DF phase contrast. Regurgitant fraction was calculated as [RVol/(RVol+SLNF)]× 100. Statistical methods included Spearman, Wilcoxon rank sum test/Student paired t-test, Bland Altman analysis, and intra-class coefficient (ICC), where appropriate. RESULTS: Regurgitant fraction by JET strongly correlated with the indirect methods (VOL and AIM) (ρ = 0.73-0.80, p < 0.001) and was similar to VOL with a median difference (interquartile range) of - 1.5% (- 8.3-7.2%; p = 0.624). VOL had weaker correlations with AIM and JET (ρ = 0.69-0.73, p < 0.001). AIM underestimated RF by 3.6-6.9% compared to VOL and JET, p < 0.03. Intra- and inter- observer reliability were excellent for all methods (ICC 0.94-0.99). The mean (±standard deviation) inter-observer difference for VOL was 2.4% (±5.1%), p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: In a diverse cohort of pediatric CHD, measurement of AVVR using JET is accurate and reliable to VOL and is a superior method of internal validation compared to AIM. This study supports use of 4DF CMR for measurement of AVVR, obviating need for expert prospective prescription during image acquisition by 2D CMR.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
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