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1.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(1): 33-43, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432289

RESUMO

Tricuspid annular (TA) size, assessed by 2D transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), has a well-established prognostic value in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery, with TA dilatation triggering simultaneous tricuspid annuloplasty. While TA dilatation is common in patients with dilated atria secondary to atrial fibrillation, little is known about the mechanisms of TA dilatation in patients with sinus rhythm (SR). This study aimed to identify echocardiographic parameters most closely related to the TA size as a potential tool for identification of patients prone to developing TA enlargement. 120 patients with SR underwent clinically indicated TTE, including 30 patients with normal hearts and 90 patients diagnosed with at least one right heart abnormality, defined as: right ventricular (RV) or right atrial (RA) dilatation, ≥ moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP). RA and RV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (EDV, ESV) and function were measured using commercial 3D software (TomTec). 3D RV long and short axes were used as surrogate indices of RV shape. Degrees of TR and sPAP were estimated by 2D TTE. 3D TA sizing was performed at end-diastole using 3D custom software. Linear regression analysis was used to identify variables best correlated with TA size, followed by multivariate analysis to identify independent associations. The highest correlations were found between TA area and: RA ESV (r = 0.73; p < 0.01), RV EDV (r = 0.58; p < 0.01), RV end-diastolic long and short axes (r = 0.53, 0.42; both p < 0.01), TR degree (r = 0.40; p < 0.01) and sPAP (r = 0.32; p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed that RA ESV was the only parameter independently associated with TA area (p < 0.05, r = 0.85). In conclusion, RA volume plays an important role in TA dilatation even in patients with normal SR. Understanding of annular remodeling mechanisms could aid in identifying patients at higher risk for TA dilatation, especially those scheduled for mitral valve surgery.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Arterial , Função do Átrio Direito , Remodelamento Atrial , Chicago , Dilatação Patológica , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Valva Tricúspide/patologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/patologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita
2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 881-884, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826589

RESUMO

Severe isolated tricuspid regurgitation following left-sided heart valve surgery appears a growing clinical concern. Due to elevated operational risk of redo-sternotomy operation, it brings upon poor prognosis and decreased quality of life for these patients, and technical challenges for cardiac surgeons as well. With the advancing of minimally invasive surgical theory and skills, Chinese cardiac surgeons are building up their own surgical experience with this patient population. However, there remains controversy about the optimal surgical timing and strategy for these high-risk patients. With the lack of recommendation from evidence-based medicine, it is necessary to learn from the pioneers' experience and contemplate on gains and losses in clinical practice, which would help to improve the safety and outcome of the procedure and to benefit these patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Reoperação , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 893-897, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826591

RESUMO

Tricuspid insufficiency late after left-sided heart valve surgery is not uncommon. These patients usually suffer from severe right heart insufficiency and poor general condition due to untimely surgical intervention, and are often complicated with hepatic and renal insufficiency and hemopoietic dysfunction. The choice of strategy for reoperation and perioperative management are still the major challenges for contemporary cardiac surgeons. This article introduces the clinical characteristics and operation timing of patients with severe tricuspid insufficiency after previous left-sided heart valve surgery, and focuses on the selection of operation approach and operation methods.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Reoperação , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 898-901, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826592

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the short-term outcomes of minimally invasive reoperation for severe tricuspid regurgitation after left-sided valve surgery. Methods: From January 2015 to December 2018, a total of 89 patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation after left-sided valve surgery received reoperation in Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were included in this study. There were 21 males and 68 females, aging of (56.4±7.9) years (range: 41 to 74 years). The interval between previous left-sided valve surgery and tricuspid reoperation was (14.1±6.1) years (range: 4 to 33 years). A combination of multiple minimally invasive techniques were adopted, including endoscopy-assist right minithoracotomy approach, peripheral cannulation strategy with the vacuum-assist single venous drainage technique, heart beating technique, and temporary percutaneous pacemaker implantation, with a concomitant enhancement in preoperative right cardiac function optimization. Results: All patients received minimally invasive isolated tricuspid valve replacement (n=81) or tricuspid valve repair (n=8). After the application of multiple minimally invasive techniques, the operative mortality rate was only 3.4% (3/89). The causes of death were progressive right heart failure with multiorgan failure (n=1) and low cardiac output associated with postoperative bleeding (n=2). Regarding to the perioperative complications, renal replacement therapy rate was 5.6% (5/89), permanent pacemaker implantation rate was 1.1% (1/89), and the incidence of stroke was 0. Mechanical ventilation time was 24(24) hours, ICU stay time was 2.5 (3.0) days (M(Q(R))). During the short-term follow-up, there were no case of severe tricuspid regurgitation, 2 cases of moderate regurgitation, 4 cases of mild-to-moderate regurgitation. Conclusions: For severe tricuspid regurgitation after left-sided valve surgery, the advanced minimally invasive techniques can significantly reduce the operative mortality and morbidity. Minimally invasive bioprosthetic tricuspid valve replacement is a reliable alternative for severe tricuspid regurgitation after left-sided valve surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 902-907, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826593

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery in patients with late severe tricuspid regurgitation after cardiac surgery, and to evaluate the role of leaflets augmentation technique in tricuspid valvuloplasty. Methods: From January 2015 to June 2019, 85 patients undergoing tricuspid valve repair procedure with minimally invasive approach at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangdong provincial People's Hospital were enrolled. There were 22 males and 63 females, aging of (53.6±12.4) years (range: 15 to 75 years). The interval between the prior and current operations was (16.0±7.3) years (range: 0.2 to 35.0 years). The diameter of right atrium and right ventricle was (77.3±17.2) mm and (61.0±8.4) mm, respectively. Tricuspid regurgitation was severe or extremely severe, the tricuspid regurgitation area was (19.0±10.3) cm(2). All patients underwent minimally invasive tricuspid valvuloplasty or tricuspid valve replacement on beating-heart with totally endoscopic technique and port-access approach through right chest wall. The operations included tricuspid valve replacement and tricuspid valvuloplasty, the technique of tricuspid valvuloplasty including leaflets augmentation with patch, ring implantation, chordae tendineaes reconstruction, release of papillary muscle, edge to edge method, etc. Postoperative hospitalization days, the time of ICU stay, blood transfusion rate, ventilator time and the results of echocardiography were recorded. Follow-up was completed regularly by WeChat, telephone and outpatient visit. Results: Sixty-five patients underwent tricuspid valve repair, and 20 patients underwent tricuspid valve replacement because of prosthetic failure and plasty failure. Five patients died during hospitalization, with mortality rate 5.9%. One patient was transferred to local hospital for anti-infection treatment, the other 79 patients were discharged from hospital in well condition and followed-up. The postoperative hospitalization time was 7.0 (5.5) days (M(Q(R))) days, the mean ventilator time was 18.0 (16.2) hours, and the mean ICU stay time was 68.0 (75.5) hours. There were 35 patients without blood conduction transfusion, the transfusion rate was only 58.9% (50/85). Four cases of severe, 9 cases of moderate and 67 cases of mild to zero tricuspid regurgitation were examined before being discharged, with tricuspid regurgitation area of (2.8±3.5) cm(2) (range: 0 to 19.1 cm(2)). The follow-up time was 1 to 38 months. Two patients died during follow-up, one patient died from infective endocarditis and mitral perivalvular leakage, the other one died of intractable right heart failure. One patient was implanted with permanent pacemaker due to Ⅲ atrioventricular block. Valvular re-replacement was performed in 2 patients who were re-admitted for the artificial valve infection and mechanical valve obstruction. No re-operation of tricuspid valve. Conclusions: Totally endoscopic minimally invasive technique provided satisfactory surgical outcomes for critically sick patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation following cardiac surgery. The application of leaflets augmentation technique achieved ideal repair effect for previously unrepairable lesions.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 908-911, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826594

RESUMO

Objective: To examine minimally invasive tricuspid valve operations applied in tricuspid valve insufficiency patients with previous left-sided valve surgery. Methods: Between September 2017 and June 2019, thirty-six consecutive patients received minimally invasive totally thoracoscopic tricuspid surgery through right thoracotomy at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fisrt Medical Center, People's Liberation Army General Hospital. There were 13 males and 23 females, aging (56±11) years (range: 43 to 79 years). All the patients had isolated significant tricuspid regurgitation after previous left-sided cardiac surgeries. A right anterolateral thoracotomy incision about 4 cm was made from the fourth intercostal space as main operating port. The arterial cannula was placed in femoral artery. The venous cannula was placed in femoral vein using Seldingger technique. Tricuspid valve operation was performed on beating heart by assist of vena vacuum. Results: Tricuspid valve repair was performed in 7 patients. Tricuspid valve replacement with bioprosthesis was performed in 29 patients. The operation time was (2.9±0.3) hours (range:2.5 to 3.6 hours). There was no conversion to sternotomy during operation. There was no severe complications during operation period. There were no complications related to this cannulation technique. The time of cardiopulmonary bypass establishment was (22±5) minutes (range: 12 to 24 minutes) and pump time was (82±16) minutes (range: 62 to 93 minutes). The length of hospital stay was (9±3) days after operation (range: 5 to 13 days). There was no early death in hospital. All patients were followed up for 3 to 22 months. No patient died. Conclusions: One single port-based minimally invasive approach seems to be safe, feasible, and reproducible in case of redo tricuspid valve operations. Only cannulation of inferior vena cava significantly simplified the complexity of isolated redo tricuspid surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Toracoscopia/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Toracoscopia/instrumentação , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 947-950, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826601

RESUMO

Late tricuspid regurgitation after left-sided valve surgery can negatively affect long-term prognosis. The surgical timing and strategy of tricuspid valve reoperation will have important impact on the surgical outcomes. However, there is no clear recommendations of the surgical timing for this condition in the current guidelines. Generally, tricuspid valve reoperation should be performed before irreversible right heart failure occurs. Although tricuspid valve repair is the first choice for tricuspid regurgitation, bioprosthetic tricuspid valve replacement might be a reliable alternative when tricuspid leaflets have severe rheumatic damage or right ventricle and tricuspid annulus significantly dilate. Combined minimally invasive surgical techniques, including right minithoracotomy approach, accessing the right atrium directly through the pericardium with limited dissection, peripheral cannulation strategy with the vacuum-assist single venous drainage technique and heart beating technique, can significantly decrease the operative mortality and postoperative bleeding. With development of interventional therapy, transcatheter tricuspid valve repair or replacement may become alternatives for tricuspid regurgitation after left-sided valve surgery in the future.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 265, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692694

RESUMO

Traumatic tricuspid insufficiency is very rare. In this report we describe an interesting case of a 13-year-old boy who suffered chest trauma from a horse kick. Echocardiography demonstrated a remarkable tricuspid regurgitation with ventricular septal defect. Once assessing the diagnosis, an emergency open heart surgery was necessary to repair the injuries with good results.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interventricular/etiologia , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Adolescente , Animais , Ecocardiografia , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Cavalos , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
9.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 138-144, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384377

RESUMO

Ebstein's anomaly is a malformation of the tricuspid valve with myopathy of the right ventricle (RV) that presents with variable anatomic and pathophysiologic characteristics, leading to equally variable clinical scenarios. Medical management and observation is often recommended for asymptomatic patients and may be successful for many years. Tricuspid valve repair is the goal of operative intervention; repair also typically includes RV plication, right atrial reduction, and atrial septal closure or subtotal closure. Postoperative functional assessments generally demonstrate an improvement or relative stability related to degree of RV enlargement, RV dysfunction, RV fractional area change, and tricuspid valve regurgitation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Anomalia de Ebstein/terapia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/terapia , Valva Tricúspide/efeitos dos fármacos , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalia de Ebstein/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/anormalidades , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 511-516, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. RESULTS: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 94(7): 1158-1170, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study contemporary etiologies, mechanisms, and corresponding surgical approaches in isolated aortic regurgitation (AR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing surgery for moderately severe and severe AR were retrospectively identified from January 1, 2006, through October 20, 2017. Intraoperative echocardiograms, surgical reports, and pathology reports were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 382 patients (54±16 years, 82% men), there were 207 (54%) tricuspid (TAV), 167 (44%) bicuspid (BAV), 5 quadricuspid, and 3 unicuspid aortic valves. Isolated AR mechanisms (n=116, 30%) included cusp prolapse (n=44, 11%), restriction/retraction (n=33, 9%), aortic root dilatation (n=33, 9%), perforation (n=5, 1%), and fenestration (<1%); mixed mechanisms were present in 266 (70%). The most common mixed mechanism was root dilatation and prolapse (27% BAV vs 16% TAV, P=.01). Valve repair (AVr) was performed in 31% BAV and 23% TAV (P=.06). Aortic surgery was more common in BAV (37% vs 27%, P<.001). Overall, root dilatation was associated with AVr. In TAV, cusp prolapse and restriction/retraction were associated with replacement; in BAV, prolapse was associated with AVr. AR etiology was idiopathic in 43% TAV patients, 47% of whom had root dilatation. CONCLUSIONS: BAV accounted for 44% of surgical referrals for AR and, compared with TAV, was more often associated with prolapse, root dilatation, and mixed mechanisms of AR. Because mechanisms affected the choice of AVr differently in BAV and TAV, comprehensive mechanistic description of surgical AR is critical.


Assuntos
Aorta/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/etiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/patologia
13.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(5): 772-780, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280838

RESUMO

Persistent tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been reported to increase mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and echocardiographic determinants and outcome of persistent TR after TAVI. We reviewed 1,085 patients who underwent TAVI. Among them, 100 patients who had ≥moderate TR without organic dysfunction of the tricuspid valve apparatus were studied. Preprocedural and follow-up transthoracic echocardiography after TAVI were analyzed. After TAVI, patients were divided into persistent TR group and improved TR group. Clinical event was defined as all-cause mortality and readmission for heart failure within 1,000 days. Fifty-three (53%) patients had persistent TR, whereas 47 (47%) patients had improved TR. Risk of clinical event was significantly higher in the persistent TR group compared with the improved TR group. Atrial fibrillation (AF) and tricuspid annular dimension (TAD; p <0.05 for all) were independent predictors of persistent TR. Receiver operating characteristic curve showed the optimal cut-off value of TAD for predicting persistent TR was 37 mm. The combination of AF and TAD ≥37 mm was associated with persistent TR (p <0.001). In conclusion, AF and dilated TAD before TAVI predicted persistent TR which was associated with higher all-cause mortality and readmission for heart failure.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (6): 88-93, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317946

RESUMO

Optimal surgical strategy for secondary tricuspid regurgitation is still under discussion. First of all, this is due to rare organic disease of tricuspid valve and tricuspid regurgitation is almost always classified as secondary insufficiency. Fibrous annulus enlargement of tricuspid valve is the most common cause of tricuspid regurgitation. Annular dilatation may by the result of left ventricular failure due to myocardial or valvular diseases, right ventricular enlargement, pressure or volume overload. No surgical correction of tricuspid insufficiency during cardiac surgery for other leading disease aggravates short- and long-term results. Considering the wide interest and disputes around optimal surgical strategy for tricuspid regurgitation, this review is devoted to modern methods of surgical treatment of secondary tricuspid insufficiency.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Dilatação Patológica/etiologia , Dilatação Patológica/cirurgia , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
15.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(10): e27928, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular complications such as pulmonary hypertension (PH) occur at an increased rate following splenectomy in patients with various hemolytic blood disorders including thalassemia. The goal of this retrospective cross-sectional analysis was to assess the independent association of splenectomy with an elevated tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) in people with homozygous sickle cell disease (HbSS). TRV is a noninvasive screening test for PH and a surrogate marker of prognosis in sickle cell disease (SCD). PROCEDURE: Data were obtained from the multicenter Walk-PHaSST (treatment of pulmonary hypertension and sickle cell disease with sildenafil therapy) study of PH (NCT00492531). We compared TRV in the cohort of patients with HbSS who were surgically splenectomized with patients who were not surgically splenectomized. RESULTS: We found no significant differences in TRV between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of difference in TRV between the two groups is most likely because members of the comparator nonsurgical group in many cases experienced autoinfarction of the spleen in childhood. Splenectomy does not seem to confer additional risk for the development of a higher TRV in HbSS, unlike in patients with thalassemia or other hemolytic anemias. This could be an important consideration when weighing the risks and benefits of splenectomy in patients with HbSS.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/cirurgia , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Esplenectomia/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
16.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(10): 642-651, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351805

RESUMO

Tricuspid regurgitation has long been a neglected and underestimated entity; its prevalence is significant, and is increasing with the ageing population. Tricuspid regurgitation is often a consequence of chronic left cardiac pathologies or atrial fibrillation. Surgical treatment is recommended for patients with severe symptomatic tricuspid regurgitation or tricuspid annulus dilatation at the time of left heart valve surgery. Secondary tricuspid regurgitation is a complex disease; this review focuses on the need for better understanding of its mechanisms and quantification - mandatory with the advent of new percutaneous treatments.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia
17.
A A Pract ; 13(5): 181-184, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162226

RESUMO

Placement of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) is associated with complications such as entrapment or knotting. PAC entrapment in the heart, vena cava, or pulmonary artery is serious, potentially life-threatening, particularly if they are unrecognized. We present a patient with a PAC knot after aortic valve replacement. Interventional radiology (IR) determined that the catheter may have lodged in the tricuspid valve. Surgical exploration requiring cardiopulmonary bypass revealed that the PAC had passed through the tricuspid valve orifice and knotted itself around the anterior leaflet chordal structure. The catheter was unknotted, with the patient subsequently recovering without long-term sequelae.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Cateterismo de Swan-Ganz/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia
19.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 12(5): e007124, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endocardial pacemaker leads and right ventricular (RV) pacing are well-known causes of tricuspid valve, mitral valve, and cardiac dysfunction. Lead-related adverse consequences can potentially be mitigated by leadless pacemaker (LP) therapy by eliminating the presence of a transvalvular lead. This study assessed the impact of LP placement on cardiac and valvular structure and function. METHODS: Echocardiographic studies before and 12±1 months after LP implantation were performed between January 2013 and May 2018 at our center and compared with age- and sex-matched controls of dual-chamber transvenous pacemaker recipients. RESULTS: A total of 53 patients receiving an LP were included, of whom 28 were implanted with a Nanostim and 25 with a Micra LP device. Tricuspid valve regurgitation was graded as being more severe in 23 (43%) patients at 12±1 months compared with baseline ( P<0.001). Compared with an apical position, an RV septal position of the LP was associated with increased tricuspid valve incompetence (odds ratio, 5.20; P=0.03). An increase in mitral valve regurgitation was observed in 38% of patients ( P=0.006). LP implantation resulted in a reduction of RV function, according to a lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion ( P=0.003) and RV tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity ( P=0.02), and a higher RV Tei index ( P=0.04). LP implantation was further associated with a reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction ( P=0.03) and elevated left ventricular Tei index ( P=0.003). The changes in tricuspid valve regurgitation in the LP group were similar to the changes in the dual-chamber transvenous pacemaker control group (43% versus 38%, respectively; P=0.39). CONCLUSIONS: LP therapy is associated with an increase in tricuspid valve dysfunction through 12 months of follow-up; yet it was comparable to dual-chamber transvenous pacemaker systems. Furthermore, LP therapy seems to adversely impact mitral valve and biventricular function.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Marca-Passo Artificial , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
20.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(5): 1035-1040, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065756

RESUMO

Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) increases adverse outcomes in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Changes in tricuspid valve (TV) annulus and leaflet geometry have been described but the underlying causes for TR in HLHS remain uncertain. We aimed to examine the association between left ventricular (LV) size and TR in infants with HLHS as right ventricular (RV)-LV interactions may be important in TR development. Echocardiograms of 50 infants with HLHS were reviewed. LV size, RV function, TR grade, TV annulus z-score, and aortic arch obstruction were examined at birth and 1 year of age (or the latest study post-bidirectional Glenn anastomosis if the patient was < 1 year of age). 24/50 (48%) had severe LV hypoplasia and 26/50 (52%) had mild/moderate LV hypoplasia. At 1 year, 10/24 (42%) with severe LV hypoplasia had moderate/severe TR versus 0/26 in the mild/moderate LV hypoplasia group (p = 0.0002). TR progressed ( ≥ 1 grade) in 14/24(58%) with severe LV hypoplasia versus 5/26 (19%) with mild/moderate LV hypoplasia (p = 0.008). In this cohort, no association was found between the degree of TR and either RV function, TV annular z-score, or arch obstruction; or between the degree of LV hypoplasia and either RV function or TV annular z-score. In infants with HLHS, the severity and progression of TR is associated with the severity of LV hypoplasia. The mechanism for this association needs further exploration but suggests a role for RV-LV interactions in the development of TR.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Direita
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