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1.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 63-64, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860495

RESUMO

Undergraduate didactic nursing leadership courses lack experiential opportunities to address working with culturally diverse populations. The authors used Bafa Bafa©, a cross-cultural low-fidelity simulation, to further develop critical thinking and emotional intelligence skills in prelicensure nursing students. This article describes the authors' experiences of integrating this innovative teaching strategy in the classroom to increase cultural awareness. The students' discovery of unexpected feelings, thoughts, and perceptions has the potential to extend beyond the simulated experience when coupled with faculty reinforcement of engaging in self-reflective practice as a professional nurse.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Treinamento por Simulação , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Competência Cultural , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Liderança , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
2.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 568-573, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) is described as the capacity to be aware of, control, and express one's emotions, and to handle interpersonal relationships judiciously and empathetically. It is considered as one of the most important predictors of success, quality of relationships, and overall happiness. Dynamically changing environment of the youth and young adults in recent years may influence their EI development, affecting their lives significantly. The purpose of this study was to analyse the way how the Internet is used by high school students, to determine the amount of time they spend on the Internet, identify the level of EI and to explore if there is any correlation between those factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 1450 high school students from Katowice, at the age from 18 to 21 years took part in an anonymous survey consisting of three parts: The Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire - Short Form (TEIQue-SF), Internet Addiction Test and authorial test giving information about the way of spending time online. The questionnaires were collected from May 2018 to January 2019. RESULTS: 1.03% of the respondents fulfilled the Internet addiction criteria. Students at risk for addiction (33.5%) turned out to be a larger group. A statistically significant correlation between TEIQue-SF and Internet Addiction Test score (P<0.0001, r=-0.3308) was observed. Another significant correlation was found between TEIQue-SF score and amount of time spend on the Internet (p<0.0001, r=-0.162). CONCLUSION: A significant part of high school students used Internet excessively. Such behaviours were positively correlated with lower EI test results.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Internet , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Emoções , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 36: 176-180, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383436

RESUMO

The present study examines the effect of the Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence Program (PINEP), adapted to the virtual learning platform Moodle where participants receive Mindfulness training in 12 sessions lasting an hour and a half. The sample consists of 89 people, assigned randomly to a control group on the waiting list and to an experimental group that undertakes the training. The results indicate that the participants who completed PINEP showed improvement in the variables of health, empathy and mindfulness, in comparison with the participants of the group on the waiting list.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Atenção Plena , Realidade Virtual , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Empatia/fisiologia , Humanos , Atenção Plena/educação , Atenção Plena/métodos
4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1109-1114, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417054

RESUMO

Background: The dental graduation program is stressful and challenging as it is essential to master various skills. The emotional intelligence (EI) is reported to help in perceiving, moderating emotions and also play a significant role in academic excellence. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the sociodemographic factors influencing EI and to determine the association of EI in academic performance of clinical and preclinical courses. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included the 113 dental clinical internship students from five different dental schools at Pakistan. The self-administered questionnaire data included sociodemographic factors, academic performance in preclinical, clinical courses, and San Diego City College MESA Program-based EI responses. The results were analyzed with multiple linear regression and ordinal regression to identify the independent predictor for EI and academic performance. Results: The female participants had marginally higher mean EI score (109.67) in comparison to male counterparts (108.10). The independent predictors among sociodemographic factors for EI were having siblings (P = 0.016), loss of parents (P = 0.002), parents' education (P = 0.022), and relation with parents (P = 0.03). The students enjoy studying dentistry were also associated with higher EI scores (P = 0.002). The mean EI score was an independent predictor of academic performance predominantly in clinical courses [ß = -0.041 (95% confidence interval - 0.063 to - 0.020); P = 0.000]. Conclusion: The finding of the study indicates the influence of family and social factors in the development of EI. The dental students' EI is vital for higher academic performance in clinical courses.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Educação em Odontologia , Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão , Faculdades de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
5.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(2): 499-504, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of social media to discuss topics related to and within plastic surgery has become widespread in recent years; however, it remains unclear how to use this abundance of largely untapped data to propagate educational research in the field of plastic surgery. In this prospective, observational study, the authors aimed to delineate which plastic surgery-related topics evoked a significant emotional response within the study population and to assess the utility of motivational artificial intelligence within the field of plastic surgery. METHODS: Over a 4-month period (January to April of 2018), Cognovi Lab's artificial intelligence technology was used to search and analyze emotional reactions to several commonly hashtagged words. This innovative software uses several key metrics to describe its findings, including awareness, engagement, and motivation. RESULTS: Of the search terms examined, "nose job" had the most awareness during the study period, and the topic that most engaged consumers emotionally was "liposuction." Interestingly, "liposuction" ranked only fifth in terms of awareness. Consumers showed the strongest positive motivation toward the subjects of "plastic surgery" and "cosmetic surgery," and the lowest motivation toward the topic of "tummy tucks." CONCLUSIONS: This analysis by Cognovi Labs is the first quantitative effort to use the plethora of data on social media to interpret patient motivations and subsequent behavior. Moving forward, artificial intelligence technology will make it possible to predict which plastic surgery products, procedures, and practices will be successful. The findings presented in this article describe the unique viewpoint and power that this technology can deliver.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Inteligência Emocional , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 262: 214-217, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349305

RESUMO

Bedside infotainment technology has been gaining popularity, helping providers to address patient needs and improve hospitalization experience. Such systems have the potential to become valuable tools for medical and nursing personnel, with the integration of patient monitoring features, bolstering efficiency and coordination. Extending their utility beyond conventional monitoring, the incorporation of affective computing capabilities would allow for early detection of potentially dangerous situations, as an individual's emotional state has a direct effect on their health, cognitive status, behaviour and quality of life. Furthermore, the addition of a serious games module would provide additional value for patients with cognitive decline or mobility issues. This work presents a novel bedside infotainment system, equipped with the aforementioned capabilities and designed to address the needs of patients in long-term care facilities, such as recreation and rehabilitation centres.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração
8.
J Dent Educ ; 83(10): 1174-1198, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285365

RESUMO

Health humanities usually includes such disciplines as philosophy, ethics, history, literature, performing arts, and cultural anthropology. The aims of this scoping review were, first, to search the published literature for references to the humanities in predoctoral dental education and, second, to determine if any research studies found that introducing humanities in dental education improved the overall profile of dental graduates. Literature searches were run in Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, CINAHL, and Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source. A total of 248 articles were included in the review, with inclusion criteria comprising the areas of the curriculum, the scope of humanities, and predoctoral dental education. Of those articles, 101 referred in a targeted way to ethics in predoctoral dental education, while others mainly referred to the humanities in general or pointed out the role and place of humanities topics in predoctoral dental curricula. Topics covered included professional ethics, music, narrative learning, theater, art, communication skills, empathy, emotional intelligence, and cultural competence in the context of general humanistic education. The review found limited evidence of a clear impact, either short-term or long-term, of humanities education in predoctoral dental education. Reflections on humanistic education in the practice of clinical dentistry were sparse, as mainly documented by development of the ideal dentist-patient relationship, enhancement of empathy for patients, and most importantly, construction of professional moral values.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Ética Odontológica , Ciências Humanas , Arte , Comunicação , Competência Cultural , Relações Dentista-Paciente , Inteligência Emocional , Empatia , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Música
9.
Arch. med ; 19(2): 197-207, 2019/07/30.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022801

RESUMO

Objetivo: la finalidad de la presente investigación fue la de analizar las relaciones entre los constructos de la inteligencia emocional, el burnout, el engagement académico y el rendimiento escolar en 1756 estudiantes en etapa Secundaria de 9 centros educativos. Materiales y métodos: los instrumentos utilizados para dicho trabajo fueron las versiones traducidas al castellano del Traid Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS-24), el Maslach Burnout Inventory­Student Survey (MBI-SS) y Utrecht Work Engagement Scale­Student (UWES-S). Por su parte, el rendimiento escolar se midió por medio de la nota media del alumnado. Resultados: los resultados arrojaron relaciones positivas de las variables más autodeterminadas como resultan la inteligencia emocional y el engagement académico con el rendimiento escolar en un claro patrón de conductas más adaptativas. Por otro lado, puntuaciones más bajas en inteligencia emocional y burnout académico correlacionaron con menores puntuaciones de rendimiento escolar. Conclusiones: se desprende la importancia de la promoción de variables emocionales en clase para facilitar comportamientos positivos y autodeterminados que faciliten el rendimiento del alumnado así como la prevención del burnout potenciando el desarrollo educativo de los mismos..(AU)


Objective: the aim of this research was to analyze the relationship between constructs of emotional intelligence, burnout, academic engagement and school performance in 1756 students in Secondary stage of 9 highschools. Materials and methods: the instruments used for this research were the spanish translated versions of Traid Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS-24), the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student (UWES-S). On the other hand, the school performance was measured by means of the average mark of the students. Results:the results showed positive relationships of the most self-determined variables such as emotional intelligence and academic engagement with school performance in a clear pattern of more adaptive behaviors. On the other hand, lower scores in emotional intelligence and academic burnout correlated with lower school performance scores. Conclusions: the importance of the promotion of emotional variables in class to facilitate positive and self-determined behaviors that facilitate the performance of students as well as the prevention of burnout enhancing their educational development..(AU)


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional , Inteligência Emocional , Desempenho Acadêmico
10.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 29(3): 291-301, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235298

RESUMO

Surgical training has focused on the development of technical competency. Interpersonal and cognitive skills are essential to working as an interdisciplinary team, which translates into safety for the patient and well-being for the surgeon and colleagues. This article offers an "alternative" surgical curriculum topic list to augment the technical skill sets traditionally taught to trainees.


Assuntos
Currículo , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Adaptação Psicológica , Conscientização , Competência Clínica , Comunicação , Tomada de Decisões , Inteligência Emocional , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Liderança , Negociação , Resiliência Psicológica
12.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 19(2): 229-238, jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183859

RESUMO

No disponible


This study analyzed the prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder between the mentioned collective and the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and this disorder. A total of 61 participants between 13-17 years old, took part in this study. The results showed a important prevalence of borderline symptomatology as well as a negative correlation between Borderline Personality Disorder and general life satisfaction. Results of this study showed that an important prevalence of Borderline Personality Disorder on institutionalized children in the sample used. Furthermore, there would be a link between child abuses as well as child neglect and Borderline Personality Disorder, which would lead to a great emotional discomfort to the person who suffers it


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/epidemiologia , Adolescente Institucionalizado/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/classificação , Psicoterapia Racional-Emotiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas
13.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 11(1): 33-40, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-183540

RESUMO

Burnout has become a subject of interest in the field of healthcare, where nursing is one of the most vulnerable professions. The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship and involvement of sociodemographic and job variables, as well as the intervention of certain emotional intelligence, perceived social support, and general self-efficacy factors in the development of burnout among nursing professionals. The sample was made up of 1,307 participants with a mean age of 32.03 years (SD = 6.54). An ad hoc questionnaire, the Brief Burnout Questionnaire, the Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory for Adults, the Brief Form of the Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale were used. Continuous work experience, attending to a larger number of patients, and male sex are the variables related to higher burnout scores. The logistic regression model provides data which back the involvement of certain sociodemographic (sex), work (employment situation and number of users attended to), perceived social support, and some elements of emotional intelligence (interpersonal, mood, and stress management) variables in burnout. The proposal of a model in which personal and employment variables are included is emphasized, which will have a repercussion on the improvement of a preventive intervention and, in turn, optimize the quality of healthcare services


El burnout se presenta en los últimos años como un tema de interés en el ámbito de la salud, siendo el colectivo de enfermería uno de los más vulnerables por su interacción con el paciente y la necesidad de participar en equipos coordinados. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la relación e implicación de variables sociodemográficas y variables propias del desempeño laboral, así como la intervención de determinados factores de la inteligencia emocional, el apoyo social percibido y la autoeficacia general en el desarrollo del burnout en profesionales de enfermería. La muestra fue de 1,307 sujetos con una media de edad de 32.03 años (DT = 6.54). Para la recogida de datos sociodemográficos se elaboró un cuestionario ad hoc, se empleó el Cuestionario Breve de Burnout, el Inventario de Inteligencia Emocional Reducido para Mayores, el Cuestionario Breve de Apoyo Social Percibido y la Escala de Autoeficacia General. Una experiencia laboral continuada, con mayor número de pacientes atendidos y pertenecer al sexo masculino son variables que se relacionan con mayores puntuaciones en burnout. Hay una implicación de determinadas variables sociodemográficas (sexo), laborales (situación laboral y número de usuarios atendidos), el apoyo social percibido y algunos de los elementos de la inteligencia emocional (interpersonal, estado de ánimo y manejo del estrés) en la presencia o no de burnout. Es destacable la propuesta de un modelo en el que se incluyen variables personales y laborales, lo que repercutirá en la mejora de la intervención preventiva y optimizará la calidad en la atención de los servicios sanitarios


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Inteligência Emocional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Proteção , Apoio Social , Adaptação Psicológica , Psicometria/instrumentação
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15345, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045776

RESUMO

The brain has multiple functions, and its structures are very closely related to one another. Thus, the brain areas associated with stress, emotion, and intelligence are closely connected. The purpose of this study was to investigate the multiple associations between stress and emotional intelligence (EI), between EI and intelligence quotient (IQ), between cytokines and stress, and between cytokines and IQ. We measured the stress, EI, cognitive intelligence using IQ, and cytokine levels of 70 healthy subjects. We also analyzed the association of cytokines with IQ according to hemispheric dominance using the brain preference indicator (BPI). We found significant negative correlations between stress and the components of EI, such as emotional awareness and expression, emotional thinking, and emotional regulation. High levels of anger, which is a component of stress, were significantly related to poor emotional regulation. Additionally, emotional application was positively correlated with full-scale IQ scores and scores on the vocabulary, picture arrangement, and block design subtests of the IQ test. High IL-10 levels were significantly associated with low stress levels only in the right-brain-dominant group. High IL-10 and IFN-gamma levels have been associated with high scores of arithmetic intelligence. TNF-alpha and IL-6 were negatively associated with vocabulary scores and full-scale IQ, but IL-10 and IFN-gamma were positively associated with scores on the arithmetic subtest in left-brain-dominant subjects. On the other hand, IL-10 showed positive correlations with scores for vocabulary and for vocabulary and arithmetic in right-brain-dominant subjects. Furthermore, we found significant linear regression models which can show integrative associations and contribution on emotional and cognitive intelligence. Thus, we demonstrated that cytokines, stress, and emotional and cognitive intelligence are closely connected one another related to brain structure and functions. Also, the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-6 had negative effects, whereas the anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-10 and IFN-gamma) showed beneficial effects, on stress levels, and multiple dimensions of emotional and cognitive intelligence. Additionally, these relationships among cytokines, stress, and emotional and cognitive intelligence differed depending on right and left hemispheric dominance.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Escalas de Wechsler , Adulto , Ira/fisiologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Dominância Cerebral/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Testes de Inteligência , Interferon gama/biossíntese , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , República da Coreia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Sports Sci ; 37(16): 1831-1839, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973054

RESUMO

This research examined the time courses of emotions in sport settings (anxiety, dejection, anger, happiness, excitement) experienced by mountain ultra-marathon (MUM) runners within the month following a demanding MUM race and the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in these time courses. A six-wave one-month longitudinal design was used with one measurement point within two days before the race to measure EI and five time points within the month following the race to assess emotions experienced among a sample of 29 runners. Results of multilevel growth curve analyses showed significant linear decreases of dejection and anxiety and a significant linear increase of anger. EI was related to the intercept (level at the end of the MUM race) of happiness, excitement and dejection. Moreover the interaction of EI with time was associated with happiness, excitement and anger. This means that high and low emotional intelligent runners exhibited distinct trajectories of emotional intelligence within the month following the MUM race. Indeed, trait-EI appeared to have a protective role against stress process leading to emotional adjustment within the recovery period following an ultra-endurance event. As such, consultants and coaches could conduct specific program over the sport season designed to enhance trait-EI of MUM runners.


Assuntos
Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Corrida/psicologia , Adulto , Ira/fisiologia , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tristeza/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 41(1): 87-93, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994781

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been defined as the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. Studying EI could potentially be useful in understanding addictive behaviors as well as for designing and planning interventions. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a critical review on EI impairment in addiction disorders. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, and SciELO databases were searched. Articles that used the standardized Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) instrument to assess EI in people with addictions and healthy controls were selected for the review. RESULTS: We selected seven articles assessing EI and its associations with addiction disorders, mainly alcohol abuse and cocaine dependence. Most studies reported that individuals with addiction disorders had worse EI scores when compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Overall, the studies reviewed demonstrated that addictions are associated with EI deficits, compared to controls. However, aspects such as the small number of addictive disorders analyzed, methodological issues related to instruments for assessment of IE and the lack of follow-up remain significant limitations.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/fisiopatologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/fisiopatologia , Humanos
18.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 41(1): 94-102, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994788

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) is a theoretical construct postulated by Mayer and Salovey to designate the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. The study of EI in schizophrenia offers new insights into the disorder's cognitive and functional impacts. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively review studies analyzing EI impairment in schizophrenia spectrum disorders using standardized instruments. METHODS: Searches were run on MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and SciELO databases. The only validated instrument used was the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (MSCEIT). Articles that used all branches of the MSCEIT to assess EI in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and healthy controls were included in the review. RESULTS: We found 30 articles on this topic. The studies analyzed showed a significant impairment of MSCEIT total score in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders when compared to healthy controls. In relation to the MSCEIT branches, understanding of emotions and management of emotions are the most impaired branches. CONCLUSION: Since most studies are cross-sectional, it is not possible to establish a cause and effect relationship between EI deficits and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Therefore, longitudinal studies are needed to establish a clearer relationship between these variables. By so doing, we may be able to intervene for prevention and management of these disorders, aiming at better quality of life for patients.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Humanos
19.
J Sci Med Sport ; 22(7): 763-768, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Participants of ultramarathon events experience a complex interaction of psychophysiological stressors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) on mood states and serum cortisol responses to a 80.5km treadmill ultramarathon. DESIGN: Twelve participants completed an 80.5km time-trial on a motorised treadmill in the fastest possible time. METHODS: Participants' trait EI was measured prior to the trial. A mood state questionnaire was completed prior (baseline: within two weeks of treadmill ultramarathon), immediately prior (pre: within 30min of commencing treadmill ultramarathon), at 40.25km (halfway: during standardised 10min rest period to allow for venous blood sampling) and on completion of 80.5km (post: immediately on completion of treadmill ultramarathon), along with serum cortisol concentrations measured at the same time points. RESULTS: Completion time was 09:00:18±01:14:07 (hhmmss). Significant increase in serum cortisol and total mood disturbance (TMD) was observed throughout the treadmill ultramarathon (p<0.05). Participants with higher trait EI displayed a higher post cortisol concentration (p=0.01) with no change in TMD, compared to those with low trait EI who displayed a significant increase in TMD between pre and halfway (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The treadmill ultramarathon elicited a significant increase in serum cortisol concentration, which was significantly greater in those with a higher trait EI. Those individuals with higher trait EI were more effective at managing their mood, with little change total mood disturbance and perceived effort compared to those with lower trait EI.


Assuntos
Afeto/fisiologia , Atletas/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Corrida/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Psychol Assess ; 31(4): 460-473, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869960

RESUMO

The development and promotion of social-emotional skills in childhood and adolescence contributes to subsequent well-being and positive life outcomes. However, the assessment of these skills is associated with conceptual and methodological challenges. This review discusses how social-emotional skill measurement in youth could be improved in terms of skills' conceptualization and classification, and in terms of assessment techniques and methodologies. The first part of the review discusses various conceptualizations of social-emotional skills, demonstrates their overlap with related constructs such as emotional intelligence and the Big Five personality dimensions, and proposes an integrative set of social-emotional skill domains that has been developed recently. Next, methodological approaches that are innovative and may improve social-emotional assessments are presented, illustrated by concrete examples. We discuss how these innovations could advance social-emotional assessments, and demonstrate links to similar issues in related fields. We conclude the review by providing several concrete assessment recommendations that follow from this discussion. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Determinação da Personalidade , Personalidade , Testes Psicológicos , Habilidades Sociais , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos
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