Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.487
Filtrar
1.
Acad Med ; 95(10): 1521-1523, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006869

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is a public health emergency that demands leadership throughout the health care system. Leadership is the ability to guide a team or organization toward a stated goal or objective. In addition to hospital-wide leadership, there is need for leadership at the level of medical teams. Resident leadership is essential to ensure team function and patient care, yet residents are often overlooked as valuable leaders. This Perspective argues that residents can demonstrate leadership during a public health crisis by creating a culture of emotional intelligence in their medical teams. Emotional intelligence has been identified as a critical aspect of leadership and consists of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and relationship management. In psychiatry, patient interactions depend upon psychiatrists demonstrating a high level of attention to their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as well as those of the patient to communicate in a way that demonstrates both understanding and empathy. In this Perspective, a psychiatry resident uses expertise in emotional intelligence to recommend residents (1) be mindful, (2) ask and listen, (3) establish safety, and (4) unite around a common goal. These practical recommendations can be immediately implemented to increase emotional intelligence on medical teams to improve team function and patient care. Emotional intelligence is valuable at all levels of leadership, so hospital leadership and program directors should also heed these suggestions. While these recommendations are not unique to COVID-19, they are of paramount importance during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Liderança , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
2.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822358

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impaired social cognition and communication. In addition to social impairment, individuals with ASD often have intellectual disability. Intelligence is known to influence the phenotypic presentation of ASD. Nevertheless, the relation between intelligence and social reciprocity in people with ASD remains unclear, especially in childhood. To elucidate this relation, we analyzed 56 typically developing children (35 male, 21 female, aged 60-91 months) and 46 children with ASD (35 male, 11 female, aged 60-98 months) from university and affiliated hospitals. Their cognitive function was evaluated using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children. Their social cognition was assessed using the Social Responsiveness Scale. We used linear regression models to ascertain whether the associations between intelligence and social cognition of typically developing children and children with ASD are significantly different. Among the children with ASD, scores on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children correlated significantly with social cognition, indicating that higher intelligence is associated with better social cognition. For typically developing children, however, no significant correlation was found. One explanation might be that children with ASD fully use general intelligence for successful learning in social cognition, although extensive use of intelligence might not be necessary for TD children. Alternatively, autistic impairment in social cognition can be compensated by intelligence despite a persistent deficit in social cognition. In either case, when using the SRS as a quantitative phenotype measure for ASD, the influence of intelligence must be considered.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Cognição , Inteligência Emocional , Comportamento Social , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3333, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the relation and the moderating effect of the organizational factors on the attitudes towards communication, empathy, and emotional intelligence in the nurses. METHOD: a cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 268 nurses from Valencia, Spain. The attitudes towards communication were evaluated by means of the specifically designed instrument, those towards empathy with the Jefferson's Scale of Empathy for Nursing Students, and those towards emotional intelligence by means of the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, consisting of 24 items. The effect of the studied variables was assessed by means of ANOVA, multiple linear regression models were applied, and the moderating effect was analyzed using PROCESS. RESULTS: there are statistically significant differences based on the type on contract (permanent); and statistically significant differences were found in the cognitive dimension of the attitudes towards communication. Regarding the regression models, the perspective taking dimension of empathy was the main predictive variable tn the dimensions of the attitudes towards communication. Finally, a moderating effect of the type of contract was evidenced in the effect of emotional reparation over the cognitive dimension of the attitudes towards communication. CONCLUSION: the organizational factors exert an influence on the attitudes towards communication, empathy, and emotional intelligence.


Assuntos
Empatia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21027, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769863

RESUMO

Mind-body training (MBT) programs are effective interventions for relieving stress and improving psychological capabilities. To expand our previous study which demonstrated the short-term effects of an 8-week online MBT program, the present study investigated whether those short-term effects persist up to a month after the end of the intervention.Among previous participants, 56 (64%) participated in this follow-up study, 25 in the MBT group and 31 in the control group. Outcome measures included the stress response, emotional intelligence, resilience, coping strategies, positive and negative affect, and anger expression of both groups at baseline, at 8 weeks (right after the training or waiting period), and at 12 weeks (a month after the training or waiting period).The MBT group showed a greater decrease in stress response at 8 weeks, and this reduction remained a month after the end of the intervention. The effect of MBT on resilience and effective coping strategies was also significant at 8 weeks and remained constant a month later. However, the improvement to emotional intelligence and negative affect did not persist a month after training.These findings suggest that the beneficial short-term effects of MBT may last beyond the training period even without continuous practice, but the retention of these benefits seems to depend on the outcome variables. Through a convenient, affordable, and easily accessible online format, MBT may provide cost-effective solutions for employees at worksites.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Terapias Mente-Corpo , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Telemedicina , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Afeto , Ira , Inteligência Emocional , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Arch. med ; 20(2): 295-310, 20200703.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118599

RESUMO

Objetivo: dada la relevancia de la inteligencia emocional y de su componente, la Objetivo: dada la relevancia de la inteligencia emocional y de su componente, la empatía, en el quehacer médico, con múltiples beneficios para la adherencia al tratamiento, la relación del profesional consigo mismo, con el paciente y con su entorno,la presente investigación tiene como propósito determinar la inteligencia emocional, mediante el cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On y la empatía médica - cuestionario de Jefferson, en estudiantes de I a X semestre de medicina de una universidad de la ciudad de Manizales (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: se obtuvo una muestra probabilística de 232 estudiantes, se indagó, además, sobre variables demográficas. Resultados: el valor obtenido de inteligencia emocional promedio fue de 60,38, el 65,5% de la población se ubica en un nivel "muy bajo", inferior al comparar con estudios análogos, en otras poblaciones de estudiantes de medicina. El valor de empatía médica fue de 95,39 (68,13 valor estandarizado, 4,77 promedio), que resultó comparable con el obtenido en otros estudios. No se encontró relación significativa de ninguna de las dos variables con género, pero sí con semestre, en general el cociente de inteligencia emocional aumenta. Se encontró relación significativa entre la empatía medida por el cuestionario de Jefferson y la subescala de empatía del cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On. Conclusión: se deduce la relevancia de asignar un mayor peso a la formación humana, dentro del propósito de una formación integral de esta población. empatía, en el quehacer médico, con múltiples beneficios para la adherencia al tratamiento, la relación del profesional consigo mismo, con el paciente y con su entorno, la presente investigación tiene como propósito determinar la inteligencia emocional,Objetivo: dada la relevancia de la inteligencia emocional y de su componente, la empatía, en el quehacer médico, con múltiples beneficios para la adherencia al tratamiento, la relación del profesional consigo mismo, con el paciente y con su entorno, la presente investigación tiene como propósito determinar la inteligencia emocional,Objetivo: dada la relevancia de la inteligencia emocional y de su componente, la empatía, en el quehacer médico, con múltiples beneficios para la adherencia al tratamiento, la relación del profesional consigo mismo, con el paciente y con su entorno, la presente investigación tiene como propósito determinar la inteligencia emocional, mediante el cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On y la empatía médica - cuestionario de Jefferson, en estudiantes de I a X semestre de medicina de una universidad de la ciudad de Manizales (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: se obtuvo una muestra probabilística de 232 estudiantes, se indagó, además, sobre variables demográficas. Resultados: el valor obtenido de inteligencia emocional promedio fue de 60,38, el 65,5% de la población se ubica en un nivel "muy bajo", inferior al comparar con estudios análogos, en otras poblaciones de estudiantes de medicina. El valor de empatía médica fue de 95,39 (68,13 valor estandarizado, 4,77 promedio), que resultó comparable con el obtenido en otros estudios. No se encontró relación significativa de ninguna de las dos variables con género, pero sí con semestre, en general el cociente de inteligencia emocional aumenta. Se encontró relación significativa entre la empatía medida por el cuestionario de Jefferson y la subescala de empatía del cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On. Conclusión: se deduce la relevancia de asignar un mayor peso a la formación humana, dentro del propósito de una formación integral de esta población. mediante el cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On y la empatía médica - cuestionario de Jefferson, en estudiantes de I a X semestre de medicina de una universidad de la ciudad de Manizales (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: se obtuvo una muestra probabilística de 232 estudiantes, se indagó, además, sobre variables demográficas. Resultados: el valor obtenido de inteligencia emocional promedio fue de 60,38, el 65,5% de la población se ubica en un nivel "muy bajo", inferior al comparar con estudios análogos, en otras poblaciones de estudiantes de medicina. El valor de empatía médica fue de 95,39 (68,13 valor estandarizado, 4,77 promedio), que resultó comparable con el obtenido en otros estudios. No se encontró relación significativa de ninguna de las dos variables con género, pero sí con semestre, en general el cociente de inteligencia emocional aumenta. Se encontró relación significativa entre la empatía medida por el cuestionario de Jefferson y la subescala de empatía del cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On. Conclusión: se deduce la relevancia de asignar un mayor peso a la formación humana, dentro del propósito de una formación integral de esta población.mediante el cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On y la empatía médica - cuestionario de Jefferson, en estudiantes de I a X semestre de medicina de una universidad de la ciudad de Manizales (Colombia). Materiales y métodos: se obtuvo una muestra probabilística de 232 estudiantes, se indagó, además, sobre variables demográficas. Resultados: el valor obtenido de inteligencia emocional promedio fue de 60,38, el 65,5% de la población se ubica en un nivel "muy bajo", inferior al comparar con estudios análogos, en otras poblaciones de estudiantes de medicina. El valor de empatía médica fue de 95,39 (68,13 valor estandarizado, 4,77 promedio), que resultó comparable con el obtenido en otros estudios. No se encontró relación significativa de ninguna de las dos variables con género, pero sí con semestre, en general el cociente de inteligencia emocional aumenta. Se encontró relación significativa entre la empatía medida por el cuestionario de Jefferson y la subescala de empatía del cuestionario EQ-I de Bar-On. Conclusión: se deduce la relevancia de asignar un mayor peso a la formación humana, dentro del propósito de una formación integral de esta población. .Au


Objective: given the relevance of emotional intelligence in the medical work, and of empathy as a component of it, with multiple benefits for adherence to treatment, the professional's relationship with himself, the patient and his environment, this research is intended to determine emotional intelligence, using the Bar-On EQ-I questionnaire and the medical empathy - Jefferson questionnaire, in medical students from I to X semester of a university in the city of Manizales (Colombia). Materials and methods:a probabilistic sample of 232 students was obtained, in addition, demographic variables were investigated. Results: the value obtained for average emotional intelligence was 60.38, 65.5% of the population is located at a "very low" level, lower when compared to analogous studies, in other populations of medical students. The medical empathy value was 95.39 (68.13 standardized value, 4.77 average), which was comparable to that obtained in other studies. No significant relationship was found for either of the two variables with gender, but with semester, in general the emotional intelligence quotient increases. A significant relationship was found between empathy measured by the Jefferson questionnaire, and the empathy subscale of the Bar-On EQ-I questionnaire. Conclusion: the relevance of assigning a greater weight to human training, within the purpose of comprehensive training, in this population is deduced..Au


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Inteligência Emocional
6.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236087, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697810

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth version-EQ-i:YV was developed by Bar-On & Parker in 2000 and later translated and adapted for the general Spanish adolescent population by Ferrandiz et al. in 2012. The Spanish scale presents similar psychometric properties to the original version (54 items and five subdimensions). The Emotional Quotient Inventory assesses a set of personal, emotional, and social skills that influence adaptation to and coping with environmental demands and pressures. These factors can influence an adolescent's success later in life, health, and psychological well-being. Traditionally, research in Down syndrome (DS) has focused on identifying cognitive deficits, relatively little is known about emotional intelligence (EI) and there are no scales that measure EI in people with DS adults. OBJECTIVES: To validate and analyze the psychometric properties of the scale in the clinical population, specifically in Spanish adults with DS (EQ-i: SVDS). METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation was carried out in several stages. Descriptive, exploratory factorial (n = 345), confirmatory (n = 397), and scale reliability analyses were performed with better goodness-of-adjustment indices. RESULTS: A new scale named Emotional Quotient Inventory: Short Version for DS adults was obtained with a structure of four factors called mood, stress management, interpersonal, and intrapersonal. This new scale was reduced to 25 items. Goodness-of-fit indices were excellent (RMSEA [95% CI] = 02[.01; .03]; CFI = .99; TLI = .98; GFI = .87; AGFI = .89). The internal consistency of the four dimensions and the calculated total score (α = .91, ω = .93 and divided halves = .90) yielded high values in this clinical sample. DISCUSSION: The results recommend the use of the revised EQ-i: YV, the EQ-i: SVDS, to assess EI in adults with DS. The psychometric properties of this study are satisfactory but have four factors. The findings are discussed in terms of future research and practical implication to gain a more thorough understanding of how this population behaves on both a general and preventive level in order to teach EI properly. CONCLUSIONS: This new version is a valid and reliable tool to evaluate emotional intelligence in people with intellectual disabilities and specifically in Spanish adults with DS.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Síndrome de Down/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Psicometria/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Crim Behav Ment Health ; 30(2-3): 141-150, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483870

RESUMO

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a therapy model incorporating elements of Eastern philosophies and cognitive behavioural principles. Originally designed for people struggling with chronic suicidality and borderline personality disorder (BPD), it has been adapted to treat complex, multi-diagnostic presentations, such as those in forensic mental health settings. To date, there has been little evaluation when the primary diagnosis is of psychosis. To explore the effectiveness of DBT, with patients, with multiple comorbidities, including psychosis, in a forensic psychiatric inpatient setting. A descriptive outcome study with a cohort of offender-patients in one specialist forensic mental health unit. Before and after treatment change scores were compared on anger, aggression, hopefulness, coping abilities, emotional intelligence, insight and subjective symptom severity scales, as well as staff-rated risk, and length of stay. Nine men and five women residents in one Canadian secure hospital completed a standard DBT programme, and self-ratings, over about 1 year. Scale scores indicated significantly increased insight and acknowledgment of problems. Apparently increased anger and vengeance scores were clinically associated. Independent staff ratings indicated reductions in risk and most patients achieved early release. This study provides support for extension of the use of DBT to offender-patients with psychosis among the complex mix in their presentation. It suggests that a randomised controlled trial with cost-benefit analysis is warranted, as well as further work, to promote understanding of mechanisms of effectiveness.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Criminosos/psicologia , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético/métodos , Psiquiatria Legal/métodos , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Violência/prevenção & controle , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Agressão , Ira , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Canadá , Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Feminino , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inventário de Personalidade , Transtornos Psicóticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; 66(8): 810-820, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. COVID-19 has affected educational systems worldwide, leading to the widespread closure of schools, colleges and universities. The COVID-19 pandemic is also having a dramatic impact on societies and economies around the world. With various measures of lockdowns and social distancing in place, it becomes important to understand emotional intelligence of faculty members working in institutions of higher learning on a large scale in this pandemic. AIM: The purpose of this article is to examine the perception of faculty members toward their emotional intelligence during COVID-19 and to study the impact of demographic variables on their emotional intelligence. METHOD: The data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The data for the study were collected through both the primary and secondary sources. Online questionnaires were used to gather the primary data. The measuring items used for the study were sourced from existing validated scales and literature. Descriptive statistics was employed to know the descriptive information across various demographic variables on a total sample of 683. The various demographic variables, which were considered for the study, were gender and designation. RESULTS: The results revealed that the faculty members perceived their emotional intelligence at an above-average level in the present pandemic, that is, COVID-19. The results also revealed that the perception of the respondent faculty members toward their emotional intelligence from different universities and states is more or less the same and also the demographic variable gender has a significant impact on emotional intelligence during the present pandemic. CONCLUSION: Besides having theoretical implications that open pathways for conducting further research, the findings of the study may serve as a reference for service practitioners in designing strategies that will ensure superior performance of faculty members in higher educational institutions during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Docentes/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Universidades
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545626

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between emotional intelligence and social skills, and how these two variables influence bullying. In this study, 912 Spanish high school students, 471 boys and 441 girls aged 14-16 years, participated, who were administered the Spanish version of the Trait Meta Mood Scale 24, the "Bateria de socialización BAS-3" and the Peer Harassment Questionnaire. To analyse the results, a structural equation model was made. The results reflected a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and social skills (B = 0.44, p < 0.001), and a negative relationship with respect to bullying (B = -0.56, p < 0.001). In turn, social skills reflected a negative relationship with respect to bullying (B = -0.38, p < 0.001). These results reflect the need to implement educational programs focused on the development of emotional intelligence in the classroom, as a means to try to stop bullying behaviours in the classroom.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Habilidades Sociais , Adolescente , Bullying , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Estudantes
12.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234301, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous literature has shown the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and smoking. However, the mechanisms underlying the role of EI in smoking behaviour are still unclear. The aim of the present study was to analyse how EI abilities protect against relapse in a 12-month smoking cessation program. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-three volunteer smokers were enrolled in a well-established smoking cessation program, accompanied by a 12-month follow-up, through the Spanish Association Against Cancer. Moderation and moderated mediation analyses were conducted to explore the influence of EI abilities on the effect of stress reactivity and nicotine dependence on the likelihood of relapse. RESULTS: Emotional repair ability moderated the effect of stress reactivity on relapse. Higher levels of stress reactivity were associated with a higher likelihood of relapse, but only in those individuals with lower emotional repair abilities. In addition, the moderated mediation analyses revealed that emotional clarity and emotional repair abilities moderated the indirect effect of nicotine dependence on smoking relapse through its influence on stress reactivity. CONCLUSIONS: Emotional management is a central concept in explaining smoking behaviour. Our findings suggest that the inclusion of EI training could be particularly useful for improving current smoking cessation programs. A good ability to manage emotions allows smokers to effectively apply psychological coping strategies to deal with stressful situations, thus protecting against relapse.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580322

RESUMO

This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study in a sample of 1095 university students from southern Spain. The aim was to identify the frequency of health-fulfilling physical activity engagement reported by participants. Sufficient physical activity was categorized according to whether participants 'achieved minimum recommendations' (≥150 min of moderate physical activity) or 'did not achieve minimum recommendations' (≤150 min of moderate physical activity). Participants were further categorized as: inactive (does not engage in physical activity or sport), engaging in physical activity that is not beneficial to health (≤300 min of moderate physical activity per week) and engaging in physical activity that is beneficial to health (≥300 min of moderate physical activity per week). Possible relationships with psychosocial factors and perceived psychological distress were explored. An ad hoc questionnaire was used to record the time in minutes of physical activity engagement per week. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the Trait Meta-mood Scale, and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale were also administered. Statically significant differences are shown between the three examined groups: physical inactivity and non-beneficial physical activity; physical inactivity and beneficial physical activity, and; non-beneficial physical activity and beneficial physical activity. Positive and direct correlations were seen with respect to resilience and understanding, and emotional regulation, in addition to negative associations with respect to psychological distress. In conclusion, the more individuals engage in beneficial physical activity, the greater their resilience and emotional management, and the lower their rates of psychological distress.


Assuntos
Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes , Estudos Transversais , Inteligência Emocional , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Espanha , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32580331

RESUMO

Cyber-bullying is becoming an increasing school and health problem affecting adolescents worldwide. A number of studies have examined risk factors and protective factors in cyber-bullying situations and their consequences on the psychological well-being of adolescents. Gratitude and Emotional Intelligence (EI) are two personal resources that have been shown to have beneficial effects on the health and the social, personal and psychological functioning of young people. Nevertheless, little is known about these two variables in the context of cyber-bullying. The main purpose of this study was to examine the roles of gratitude and EI in cyber-aggression. Specifically, we hypothesised a mediational effect of gratitude in emotional intelligence-cyber-aggression link. A total of 1157 students aged 12-18 years (54.4% females) completed several questionnaires assessing gratitude (Gratitude Questionnaire; GQ-5), EI (Wong and Law's Emotional Intelligence Scale; WLEIS-S) and cyber-bullying (European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire; ECIPQ). The results showed expected significant associations between the studied variables. Moreover, the structural equation model analysis confirmed that EI dimensions were indirectly associated with cyber-aggression via gratitude, even when controlling for the effects of socio-demographic variables. These findings provide evidence on why those adolescents high in emotional intelligence are less aggressive in cyber-bullying context and suggest possibilities for gratitude interventions to reduce aggressive actions by electronic means among adolescents. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Inteligência Emocional , Fatores de Proteção , Adolescente , Agressão , Criança , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354010

RESUMO

The main aim of the current study was to investigate the role of trait emotional intelligence (TEI) in preventing students' school burnout directly and indirectly via anxiety and academic resilience. The data were derived from a sample of 1235 high school students (962 females and 273 males), ranging in age between 13 and 17 years (mean = 15.46; stand deviation = 1.22). Structural equation modelling revealed a strong indirect effect of TEI on school burnout, mediated via anxiety and resilience. Overall, students with high TEI were less likely to experience school anxiety and more likely to exhibit resilience which, in turn, reduced school burnout risk. Findings are discussed with reference to the wider role of TEI in educational contexts and highlight the need and potential for scientifically driven interventions to enhance emotional adjustment at school and in life, more generally.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Psicológico , Inteligência Emocional , Estudantes , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia
17.
J Dent Educ ; 84(8): 864-870, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Emotional intelligence (EI) is the recognition and management of emotions within oneself and others. Limited evidence exists that determine whether EI is related to stress and burnout. PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to determine whether relationships exist between EI, stress, and burnout levels among undergraduate dental hygiene students. METHODS: This study used a quantitative cross-sectional research design. The study instrument consisted of 3 parts: (1) The Emotional Quotient Self-Assessment Checklist consisted of 30-questions in 6 domains and measured EI; (2) The Modified Dental Environment Stress Questionnaire consisted of 39 questions in 5 domains and measured stress; and (3) The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health Services Survey consisted of 22 questions in 3 domains and measured burnout. RESULTS: The responses from 57 participants were used (response rate = 93.3%). A moderate negative correlation was found between self-control and personal stress and a moderate negative correlation was found between empathy and emotional evaluation. Moderate positive correlations were found between self-awareness, empathy, motivation, self-competence, self-confidence, and total EI scores and personal accomplishment. Multiple linear regression analysis found self-control was a significant predictor of personal stress (R2  = .023, P = .023); empathy and self-competence were significant predictors of clinical stress (R2  = .085, P = .034); empathy and self-awareness were significant predictors of emotional exhaustion (R2  = .071, P = 0.006); and empathy was a predictor of personal accomplishment (R2  = .150, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Subcomponents of EI were found to be significant predictors of stress and burnout levels. Future research is needed to improve EI levels to tolerate stress and minimize burnout levels.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Higiene Bucal , Estudos Transversais , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 46, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the impact of personality traits on emotional intelligence (EI) and decision-making among medical students in Lebanese Universities and to evaluate the potential mediating role-played by emotional intelligence between personality traits and decision-making styles in this population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between June and December 2019 on 296 general medicine students. RESULTS: Higher extroversion was associated with lower rational decision-making style, whereas higher agreeableness and conscientiousness were significantly associated with a higher rational decision-making style. More extroversion and openness to experience were significantly associated with a higher intuitive style, whereas higher agreeableness and conscientiousness were significantly associated with lower intuitive style. More agreeableness and conscientiousness were significantly associated with a higher dependent decision-making style, whereas more openness to experience was significantly associated with less dependent decision-making style. More agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism were significantly associated with less spontaneous decision-making style. None of the personality traits was significantly associated with the avoidant decision-making style. Emotional intelligence seemed to fully mediate the association between conscientiousness and intuitive decision-making style by 38% and partially mediate the association between extroversion and openness to experience with intuitive decision-making style by 49.82 and 57.93% respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests an association between personality traits and decision-making styles. The results suggest that EI showed a significant positive effect on intuitive decision-making style and a negative effect on avoidant and dependent decision-making styles. Additionally, our study underlined the role of emotional intelligence as a mediator factor between personality traits (namely conscientiousness, openness, and extroversion) and decision-making styles.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Inteligência Emocional , Personalidade , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
19.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 6(2): 308-326, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193347

RESUMO

El propósito de esta investigación fue analizar el rol predictivo de la inteligencia emocional y la importancia concedida a la realización de la actividad física, sobre el autoconcepto físico en escolares. Tomaron parte en el estudio un total de 838 sujetos con edades comprendidas entre los 9 y los 12 años. Se usaron los instrumentos AF-5 (Autoconcepto), EQ-i: YV "Inteligencia emocional para niños y adolescentes", y una pregunta diseñada concretamente para el estudio en el que se valora la importancia que los escolares otorgan a la actividad física. El análisis discriminante llevado a cabo encontró que el estado de ánimo y la importancia de la actividad física predecían de forma significativa el autoconcepto físico. Se sugiere la contribución de los contextos educativos y sociales en el desarrollo de la inteligencia emocional, así como la promoción de la actividad física, por la relevancia en el proceso de construcción del autoconcepto físico


The purpose of this research was to analyze the predictive role of emotional intelligence and the importance given to the realization of physical activity, on the physical self-concept in children. A total of 838 subjects aged between 9 and 12 years participated in the study. The instruments AF-5 (Self-Concept), EQ-i:YV "Emotional Intelligence for children and teenagers", and an item specifically designed for the study, which assesses the importance which schoolchildren give to physical activity, were used. The discriminant analysis carried out found that the state of mind and the importance of physical activity significantly predicted the physical self-concept. It is suggested the contribution of educational and social contexts in the development of emotional intelligence, as well as the promotion of physical activity, by the relevance in the process of construction of physical self-concept


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Atividade Motora , Autoimagem , Inteligência Emocional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Afeto , Análise de Variância , Relações Interpessoais
20.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(6): 401-407, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326734

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To date, studies have shown a high prevalence of burnout in surgeons. Various factors have been found to be associated with burnout, and it has significant consequences personally and systemically. Junior doctors are increasingly placing their own health and wellbeing as the most important factor in their decisions about training. Finding ways to reduce and prevent burnout is imperative to promote surgical specialties as attractive training pathways. METHODS: The MEDLINE, PsychInfo and EMBASE databases were searched using the subject headings related to surgery and burnout. All full text articles that reported data related to burnout were eligible for inclusion. Articles which did not use the Maslach Burnout Inventory or included non-surgical groups were excluded; 62 articles fulfilled the criteria for inclusion. FINDINGS: Younger age and female sex tended to be associated with higher levels of burnout. Those further in training had lower levels of burnout, while residents suffered more than their seniors. Burnout is associated with a lower personal quality of life, depression and alcohol misuse. Academic work and emotional intelligence may be protective of burnout. Certain personality types are less likely to be burnt out. Mentorship may reduce levels of burnout. CONCLUSIONS: Workload and work environment are areas that could be looked at to reduce job demands that lead to burnout. Intervening in certain psychological factors such as emotional intelligence, resilience and mindfulness may help to reduce burnout. Promoting physical and mental health is important in alleviating burnout, and these factors likely have a complex interplay.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA