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1.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 36: 176-180, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383436

RESUMO

The present study examines the effect of the Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence Program (PINEP), adapted to the virtual learning platform Moodle where participants receive Mindfulness training in 12 sessions lasting an hour and a half. The sample consists of 89 people, assigned randomly to a control group on the waiting list and to an experimental group that undertakes the training. The results indicate that the participants who completed PINEP showed improvement in the variables of health, empathy and mindfulness, in comparison with the participants of the group on the waiting list.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Atenção Plena , Realidade Virtual , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Empatia/fisiologia , Humanos , Atenção Plena/educação , Atenção Plena/métodos
2.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 49(11): 4646-4657, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463630

RESUMO

In a context described as a challenge in parenting (having an autistic child), we sought to highlight the emotional skills that mothers gain as a result of interacting with their child, and how they then use these skills. Mothers of autistic children (n = 136) and mothers of non-autistic children (n = 139) responded to emotional intelligence, resilience, and coping scales. Comparisons revealed smaller differences between groups than expected. Nevertheless, mothers of autistic children showed greater resilience abilities than mothers of non-autistic children. Moreover, we noted differences between both groups regarding their use of emotional skills. Emotional intelligence is a resource that deserves to be explored in terms of its clinical implications, especially among the parents of autistic children.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Transtorno Autístico/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pais/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15345, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045776

RESUMO

The brain has multiple functions, and its structures are very closely related to one another. Thus, the brain areas associated with stress, emotion, and intelligence are closely connected. The purpose of this study was to investigate the multiple associations between stress and emotional intelligence (EI), between EI and intelligence quotient (IQ), between cytokines and stress, and between cytokines and IQ. We measured the stress, EI, cognitive intelligence using IQ, and cytokine levels of 70 healthy subjects. We also analyzed the association of cytokines with IQ according to hemispheric dominance using the brain preference indicator (BPI). We found significant negative correlations between stress and the components of EI, such as emotional awareness and expression, emotional thinking, and emotional regulation. High levels of anger, which is a component of stress, were significantly related to poor emotional regulation. Additionally, emotional application was positively correlated with full-scale IQ scores and scores on the vocabulary, picture arrangement, and block design subtests of the IQ test. High IL-10 levels were significantly associated with low stress levels only in the right-brain-dominant group. High IL-10 and IFN-gamma levels have been associated with high scores of arithmetic intelligence. TNF-alpha and IL-6 were negatively associated with vocabulary scores and full-scale IQ, but IL-10 and IFN-gamma were positively associated with scores on the arithmetic subtest in left-brain-dominant subjects. On the other hand, IL-10 showed positive correlations with scores for vocabulary and for vocabulary and arithmetic in right-brain-dominant subjects. Furthermore, we found significant linear regression models which can show integrative associations and contribution on emotional and cognitive intelligence. Thus, we demonstrated that cytokines, stress, and emotional and cognitive intelligence are closely connected one another related to brain structure and functions. Also, the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-6 had negative effects, whereas the anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-10 and IFN-gamma) showed beneficial effects, on stress levels, and multiple dimensions of emotional and cognitive intelligence. Additionally, these relationships among cytokines, stress, and emotional and cognitive intelligence differed depending on right and left hemispheric dominance.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Citocinas/biossíntese , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Escalas de Wechsler , Adulto , Ira/fisiologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Dominância Cerebral/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Testes de Inteligência , Interferon gama/biossíntese , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , República da Coreia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Adulto Jovem
4.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 41(1): 87-93, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994781

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been defined as the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. Studying EI could potentially be useful in understanding addictive behaviors as well as for designing and planning interventions. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a critical review on EI impairment in addiction disorders. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, and SciELO databases were searched. Articles that used the standardized Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) instrument to assess EI in people with addictions and healthy controls were selected for the review. RESULTS: We selected seven articles assessing EI and its associations with addiction disorders, mainly alcohol abuse and cocaine dependence. Most studies reported that individuals with addiction disorders had worse EI scores when compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Overall, the studies reviewed demonstrated that addictions are associated with EI deficits, compared to controls. However, aspects such as the small number of addictive disorders analyzed, methodological issues related to instruments for assessment of IE and the lack of follow-up remain significant limitations.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/fisiopatologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/fisiopatologia , Humanos
5.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 41(1): 94-102, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994788

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) is a theoretical construct postulated by Mayer and Salovey to designate the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. The study of EI in schizophrenia offers new insights into the disorder's cognitive and functional impacts. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively review studies analyzing EI impairment in schizophrenia spectrum disorders using standardized instruments. METHODS: Searches were run on MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and SciELO databases. The only validated instrument used was the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (MSCEIT). Articles that used all branches of the MSCEIT to assess EI in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and healthy controls were included in the review. RESULTS: We found 30 articles on this topic. The studies analyzed showed a significant impairment of MSCEIT total score in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders when compared to healthy controls. In relation to the MSCEIT branches, understanding of emotions and management of emotions are the most impaired branches. CONCLUSION: Since most studies are cross-sectional, it is not possible to establish a cause and effect relationship between EI deficits and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Therefore, longitudinal studies are needed to establish a clearer relationship between these variables. By so doing, we may be able to intervene for prevention and management of these disorders, aiming at better quality of life for patients.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Humanos
6.
J Sports Sci ; 37(16): 1831-1839, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973054

RESUMO

This research examined the time courses of emotions in sport settings (anxiety, dejection, anger, happiness, excitement) experienced by mountain ultra-marathon (MUM) runners within the month following a demanding MUM race and the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in these time courses. A six-wave one-month longitudinal design was used with one measurement point within two days before the race to measure EI and five time points within the month following the race to assess emotions experienced among a sample of 29 runners. Results of multilevel growth curve analyses showed significant linear decreases of dejection and anxiety and a significant linear increase of anger. EI was related to the intercept (level at the end of the MUM race) of happiness, excitement and dejection. Moreover the interaction of EI with time was associated with happiness, excitement and anger. This means that high and low emotional intelligent runners exhibited distinct trajectories of emotional intelligence within the month following the MUM race. Indeed, trait-EI appeared to have a protective role against stress process leading to emotional adjustment within the recovery period following an ultra-endurance event. As such, consultants and coaches could conduct specific program over the sport season designed to enhance trait-EI of MUM runners.


Assuntos
Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Corrida/psicologia , Adulto , Ira/fisiologia , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Felicidade , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tristeza/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
J Sci Med Sport ; 22(7): 763-768, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Participants of ultramarathon events experience a complex interaction of psychophysiological stressors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) on mood states and serum cortisol responses to a 80.5km treadmill ultramarathon. DESIGN: Twelve participants completed an 80.5km time-trial on a motorised treadmill in the fastest possible time. METHODS: Participants' trait EI was measured prior to the trial. A mood state questionnaire was completed prior (baseline: within two weeks of treadmill ultramarathon), immediately prior (pre: within 30min of commencing treadmill ultramarathon), at 40.25km (halfway: during standardised 10min rest period to allow for venous blood sampling) and on completion of 80.5km (post: immediately on completion of treadmill ultramarathon), along with serum cortisol concentrations measured at the same time points. RESULTS: Completion time was 09:00:18±01:14:07 (hhmmss). Significant increase in serum cortisol and total mood disturbance (TMD) was observed throughout the treadmill ultramarathon (p<0.05). Participants with higher trait EI displayed a higher post cortisol concentration (p=0.01) with no change in TMD, compared to those with low trait EI who displayed a significant increase in TMD between pre and halfway (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The treadmill ultramarathon elicited a significant increase in serum cortisol concentration, which was significantly greater in those with a higher trait EI. Those individuals with higher trait EI were more effective at managing their mood, with little change total mood disturbance and perceived effort compared to those with lower trait EI.


Assuntos
Afeto/fisiologia , Atletas/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Corrida/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Neuroimage ; 189: 214-223, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social cognitive ability is a significant determinant of functional outcome, and deficits in social cognition are a disabling symptom of psychotic disorders. The neurobiological underpinnings of social cognition are not well understood, hampering our ability to ameliorate these deficits. OBJECTIVE: Using 'resting state' functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and a trans-diagnostic, data-driven analytic strategy, we sought to identify the brain network basis of emotional intelligence, a key domain of social cognition. METHODS: The study included 60 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 45 healthy controls. All participants underwent a rsfMRI scan. Emotional Intelligence was measured using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). A connectome-wide analysis examined how each individual brain voxel's connectivity correlated with emotional intelligence using multivariate distance matrix regression (MDMR). RESULTS: We identified a region in the left superior parietal lobule (SPL) where individual network topology is linked to emotional intelligence. Specifically, in high scoring individuals, this region is a node of the Default Mode Network and in low scoring individuals, it is a node of the Dorsal Attention Network. This relationship was observed in both schizophrenia and healthy comparison participants. CONCLUSION: Prior studies have demonstrated individual variance in the topology of canonical resting state networks but the cognitive or behavioral relevance of these differences has largely been undetermined. We observe that the left SPL, a region of high individual variance at the cytoarchitectonic level, also demonstrates individual variance in its association with large scale resting-state networks and that network topology is linked to emotional intelligence.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Conectoma/métodos , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Rede Nervosa/fisiologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Parietal/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Parietal/fisiologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico por imagem , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Percept Mot Skills ; 126(2): 305-322, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30665338

RESUMO

The relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and successful athletic performance has been previously recognized, but there remains a need to investigate how EI impacts athletes' sports motivation. This cross-sectional study investigated how different EI dimensions related to athletes' motivation among 239 adult basketball players (129 females) aged 18-34 years. Our research participants completed questionnaires that included the self-reported Emotional Intelligence Scale and Sport Motivation Scale II. We found significant correlations between total EI and intrinsic, integrated, identified, and introjected regulation. Higher EI was negatively related to athletes' amotivation. More specifically, the self-reported abilities to perceive emotion and manage others' emotions were significantly related to intrinsic, integrated, and identified regulation, and only managing one's own emotions negatively related to athletes' amotivation.


Assuntos
Atletas/psicologia , Basquetebol/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Motivação/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Gen Psychol ; 146(1): 50-67, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612531

RESUMO

This study investigated the relationship between trait emotional intelligence (TEI) and executive skills (ESs), and the differences between TEI and ESs among Malaysian and Iranian youths. In this study, 226 Malaysians and 248 Iranians completed the TEIQue-SF and Executive Skills Questionnaire. Hypotheses were tested with Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). Findings indicated that TEI had significant predictions on ESs, depending on cultural contexts. Significant differences were found in the effects of TEI on ESs, including emotional control, metacognition, goal-directed persistence, response inhibition, planning/prioritization, sustained attention, stress tolerance, task initiation, and working memory among Malaysian and Iranian youth. No significant difference was found in the effects of TEI on ESs, including flexibility, organization, and time management across both groups. This study makes a unique contribution to emotional intelligence and executive functioning research literature by considering several ESs at the same time for personal development and promoting healthier lives. Comparison of the effect of TEI on ESs in the Malaysian and Iranian contexts using advanced analysis methods is one of the most important methodological contributions of the study.


Assuntos
Atenção/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Personalidade/fisiologia , Adolescente , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Malásia , Masculino , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Eat Weight Disord ; 24(2): 299-306, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569396

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the role of Emotional Intelligence (EI) and specific facets that may underpin the aetiology of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours, as a means to understand what aspects of these deficits to target within treatments. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the UK and Ireland. Among the sample of 355 participants, 84% were women and 16% were men. Regarding age, 59% were between 18 and 29, 30% were between 30 and 49, and 11% were 50 or older. Using a cross-sectional design, participants completed the Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test to measure levels of trait EI and The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) as a measure of eating disorder risk and the presence of disordered eating attitudes. RESULTS: EAT-26 scores were negatively correlated with total EI scores and with the following EI subscales: appraisal of own emotions, regulation of emotions, utilisation of emotions, and optimism. Also, compared to those without an eating disorder history, participants who reported having had an eating disorder had significantly lower total EI scores and lower scores on four EI subscales: appraisal of others emotions, appraisal of own emotions, regulation of emotions, and optimism. CONCLUSIONS: Considering these findings, EI (especially appraisal of own emotions, regulation of emotions, and optimism) may need to be addressed by interventions and treatments for eating disorders. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, descriptive cross-sectional study.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irlanda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
12.
Int J Psychol ; 54(4): 478-486, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611619

RESUMO

Past research has often focused on the effects of emotional intelligence and received social support on subjective well-being yet paid limited attention to the effects of provided social support. This study adopted a longitudinal design to examine the sequential mediating effects of provided and received social support on the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and subjective happiness. A total of 214 Hong Kong Chinese undergraduates were asked to complete two assessments with a 6-month interval in between. The results of the sequential mediation analysis indicated that the trait emotional intelligence measured in Time 1 indirectly influenced the level of subjective happiness in Time 2 through a sequential pathway of social support provided for others in Time 1 and social support received from others in Time 2. These findings highlight the importance of trait emotional intelligence and the reciprocal exchanges of social support in the subjective well-being of university students.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Felicidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Apoio Social , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Appl Psychol ; 104(4): 559-580, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346195

RESUMO

Emotional intelligence (EI) has been frequently studied as a predictor of work criteria, but disparate approaches to defining and measuring EI have produced rather inconsistent findings. The conceptualization of EI as an ability to be measured with performance-based tests is by many considered the most appropriate approach, but only few tests developed in this tradition exist, and none of them is designed to specifically assess EI in the workplace. The present research introduces the Geneva Emotional Competence test (GECo)-a new ability EI test measuring emotion recognition (assessed using video clips of actors), emotion understanding, emotion regulation in oneself, and emotion management in others (all assessed with situational judgment items of work-related scenarios). For the situational judgment items, correct and incorrect response options were developed using established theories from the emotion and organizational field. Five studies (total N = 888) showed that all subtests had high measurement precision (as assessed with Item Response Theory), and correlated in expected ways with other EI tests, cognitive intelligence, personality, and demographic variables. Further, the GECo predicted performance in computerized assessment center tasks in a sample of professionals, and explained academic performance in students incrementally above another ability EI test. Because of its theory-based scoring, good psychometric properties, and focus on the workplace, the GECo represents a promising tool for studying the role of four major EI components in organizational outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Aptidão/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Emprego/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Psicometria/instrumentação , Percepção Social , Adulto , Humanos
14.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 96: 155-173, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30502352

RESUMO

Distancing is a type of emotion regulation that involves simulating a new perspective to alter the psychological distance and emotional impact of a stimulus. The effectiveness and versatility of distancing relative to other types of emotion regulation make it a promising tool for clinical applications. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms of this tactic are unclear, and inconsistencies in terminology and methods across studies make it difficult to synthesize the literature. To promote more effective research, we propose a taxonomy of distancing within the broader context of emotion regulation strategies; review the effects of this tactic; and offer a preliminary neurocognitive model describing key cognitive processes and their neural bases. Our model emphasizes three components-self-projection, affective self-reflection, and cognitive control. Additionally, we present results from a supporting meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies of distancing. These efforts are presented within the overarching goals of supporting effective applications of distancing in laboratory, clinical, and other real-world contexts, and advancing understanding of the relevant high-level cognitive functions in the brain.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Neurológicos , Modelos Psicológicos
15.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 99: 87-96, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216766

RESUMO

The dot probe task implicitly cues attention via emotional information, an effect which is especially pronounced for threat-related cues. However, several questions remain unexplored. The first one is whether chemosignals like the androgen-derivative androstadienone can influence such attentional biases. Second, few studies have addressed sex differences regarding attentional biases. Finally, the neural correlates of these potential behavioral effects based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are not known. In two experiments we aimed to answer these questions. A total of 159 healthy individuals (58 oral-contraceptive-users, 42 luteal women, 59 men) were tested. In experiment 1 (behavioral study) we examined attentional biases behaviorally, while in experiment 2 (fMRI study) the dot probe task was complemented by fMRI. Our results provide robust evidence that in healthy participants fearful but not angry or happy faces lead to a strong general attentional bias. Elucidating the neural basis of this effects points to an early processing advantage in bilateral thalamus for valid compared to invalid cued fear. However, this finding was limited to those participants with the strongest attentional biases and was not linked to behavioral measures. Furthermore, no consistent sex or group differences existed neither did the putative human chemosignal androstadienone reliably modulate attentional biases or change neural processing.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/farmacologia , Viés de Atenção/efeitos dos fármacos , Viés de Atenção/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Atenção , Sinais (Psicologia) , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Facial , Reconhecimento Facial/efeitos dos fármacos , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Odorantes , Percepção Olfatória/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165119

RESUMO

According to attachment theory, attachment representations influence emotion regulation (ER) across the lifespan. However, research into attachment-related ER in adolescence is still scarce. The aim of this study was to assess attachment-related ER using a multimodal approach, relying on behavioral and neurophysiological parameters. Attachment styles in eighty-one adolescents were assessed with the Attachment Style Interview (ASI). A distress-then-comfort paradigm based on visual stimuli (the Besancon Affective Picture Set-Adolescents) was employed to "activate" then "deactivate" the attachment system. Gaze and neurophysiological parameters of ER strategies were assessed using eye-tracking synchronized with a physiological device. During the first phase "distress exposure", attachment style was associated with the early stage of distress processing indexed by first fixation duration. Withdrawn adolescents fixated distress pictures less than other groups. Fearful adolescents showed a longer first fixation duration than withdrawn adolescents. During the following phase, "comfort-seeking", all groups initially fixed joy-complicity and comfort pictures earlier than neutral pictures, except for withdrawn adolescents, who fixated comfort pictures later than neutral pictures. Additionally, withdrawn adolescents explored comfort pictures less than enmeshed adolescents. Enmeshed adolescents explored neutral pictures less than comfort and joy-complicity pictures. Concerning neurophysiological parameters, first fixation duration correlated positively with Skin Conductance Response (SCR) rise time in fearful adolescents, while glance count correlated negatively with SCR latency in withdrawn adolescents. This study provides an innovative and objective evaluation of behavioral and neurophysiological parameters for attachment-related ER in adolescents, with a temporal resolution. These parameters constitute potential biomarkers that could contribute to our understanding of ER differences in insecure adolescents. This study was registered with the clinical trials database ClinicalTrials.gov on August 01, 2016, under the number NCT02851810.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Apego ao Objeto , Autocontrole/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia , Feminino , Resposta Galvânica da Pele/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia
17.
Psychol Rep ; 122(3): 853-879, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699472

RESUMO

Higher levels of emotional intelligence have been associated with better inter and intrapersonal functioning. In the present study, 59 healthy men and women were randomized into either a three-week online training program targeted to improve emotional intelligence (n = 29), or a placebo control training program targeted to improve awareness of nonemotional aspects of the environment (n = 30). Compared to placebo, participants in the emotional intelligence training group showed increased performance on the total emotional intelligence score of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, a performance measure of emotional intelligence, as well as subscales of perceiving emotions and facilitating thought. Moreover, after emotional intelligence training, but not after placebo training, individuals displayed the ability to arrive at optimal performance faster (i.e., they showed a faster learning rate) during an emotion-guided decision-making task (i.e., the Iowa Gambling Task). More specifically, although both groups showed similar performance at the start of the Iowa Gambling Task from pre- to posttraining, the participants in the emotional intelligence training group learned to choose more advantageous than disadvantageous decks than those in the placebo training group by the time they reached the "hunch" period of the task (i.e., the point in the task when implicit task learning is thought to have occurred). Greater total improvements in performance on the Iowa Gambling Task from pre- to posttraining in the emotional intelligence training group were also positively correlated with pre- to posttraining changes in Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test scores, in particular with changes in the ability to perceive emotions. The present study provides preliminary evidence that emotional intelligence can be trained with the help of an online training program targeted at adults; it also suggests that changes in emotional intelligence, as a result of such a program, can lead to improved emotion-guided decision-making.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Jogo de Azar/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev. psicol. deport ; 28(1): 97-104, 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181046

RESUMO

El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar el nivel de actividad física en niños, niñas y adolescentes y su relación con la inteligencia emocional y el bullying. Estudio de corte transversal en 991 niños, niñas y adolescentes entre 7 y 17 años de edad de 16 escuelas públicas de la ciudad; se aplicó el Cuestionario de Actividad Física para niños escolares y el Cuestionario de Actividad Física para Adolescentes; la Lista de Chequeo: Mi Vida en la Escuela para determinar los índices de bullying y general de agresión, el riesgo de bullying y conductas positivas y negativas; y el TMMS-24, para evaluar la atención, claridad y reparación emocional. La relación entre los niveles de actividad física, el bullying y la inteligencia emocional se realizó a través de un análisis de regresión logística binaria. El 65.4% de los participantes tienen bajos niveles de actividad física; el Índice de bullying fue del 55.6%. Los estudiantes que no realizan actividad física de manera regular tienen mayor probabilidad de ser víctima de acoso escolar [OR 1.3 (IC 95%: 1.1-1.6)], de agresión general [OR 1.4 (IC 95%: 1.1-1.8)] y de bajo control de sus sentimientos en las mujeres [OR 1.6 (IC 95%: 1.1-2.5)]. Los estudiantes que no realizan actividad física de manera regular tienen mayor probabilidad de ser víctimas de acoso escolar, bullying y agresión general. La inclusión de la actividad física en los programas preventivos del acoso y violencia escolar es un imperativo en los colegios estudiados


This work aims to determine the relationship between the level of physical activity in children, emotional intelligence, and bullying. A cross-sectional cohort study was conducted on 991 children, and adolescents between ages seven and 17 years from a sample of 16 public schools in Barranquilla, Colombia. !e participants completed the Physical Activity Questionnaire for children and the Physical Activity Questionnaire for adolescents, along with the My Life at School questionnaire to determine the indexes of bullying and general aggression, the risk of bullying, and positive and negative behaviors. The Trait Meta-Mood Scale-24 was used to evaluate attention, clarity, and emotional repair ability. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relationship among levels of physical activity, bullying, and emotional intelligence. A total of 65.4% of the participants had low levels of physical activity. The Bullying index was 55.6%. The students who did not regularly engage in physical activity had a higher probability of being victims of school harassment [OR 1.3 (95% CI: 1.1-1.6)] and higher levels of general aggression [OR 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1-1.8)]. Furthermore, the females who did not regularly engage in physical activity reported having less control of their feelings [OR 1.6 (95% CI: 1.1-2.5)]. The results indicate that physical activity should be encouraged in schools to prevent bullying and violence


El objeto do presente estudo é determinar o nivel de atividade física em crianças e adolescentes e seu relacionamento com a inteligencia emocional e o bullying. Estudo de corte transversal em 991 crianças e adolescentes entre 7 y 17 años de idade de 16 escolas públicas da ciudade; Foi aplicado O Teste de Atividade Física para escolares e O teste de Atividade Física para Adolescentes; a lista de revisão: Minha Vida na Escola para determinar os índices de bullying e geral de agressão,o risco de bullying e condutas positivas e negativas; e o TMMS-24, para evaluar a atenção, claridade e reparação emocional. A relação entre os níveis de atividade física, o bullying e a inteligencia emocional foi feita a través de um análise de regresão logística binaria. O 65.4% dos participantes tem baixos níveis de atividade física; O Índice de bullying foi do 55.6%. Os estudiantes que nao fazem actividade física regularmente tem maior probabilidade de ser vítima de assédio escolar [OR 1.3 (IC 95%: 1.1-1.6)], de agressão geral [OR 1.4 (IC 95%: 1.1-1.8)] e de baixo control de seus sentimientos nas mulheres [OR 1.6 (IC 95%: 1.1-2.5)]. Os estudiantes que nao fazem atividade física de manera regular tem maior probabilidade de ser vítimas de assédio escolar, bullying e agressão geral. A inclusão da atividade física nos programas preventivos de assédioe violencia escolar é um imperativo nas escolas estudadas


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Bullying/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Modelos Logísticos
19.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 206(12): 935-943, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507735

RESUMO

Changes in emotional processing (EP) and in theory of mind (TOM) are central across treatment approaches for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Although the assessment of EP relies on the observation of a patient's self-criticism in a two-chair dialogue, an individual's TOM assessments is made based on responses to humorous stimuli based on false beliefs. For this pilot study, we assessed eight patients with BPD before and after a 3-month-long psychiatric treatment, using functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioral tasks. We observed arousal increase within the session of the two-chair dialogue (d = 0.36), paralleled by arousal decrease between sessions (d = 0.80). We found treatment-associated trends for neural activity reduction in brain areas central for EP and TOM. Our exploratory findings using an integrative assessment procedure of changes in EP and TOM point toward evidence for treatment effects at the brain systems level related to behavioral modulation.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Teoria da Mente , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/fisiopatologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções , Feminino , Neuroimagem Funcional , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Projetos Piloto , Autoimagem , Teoria da Mente/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 95: 528-534, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30412701

RESUMO

We are frequently challenged with situations requiring the control of our emotions, often under substantial time-pressure and rapidly changing contextual demands. Coping with those demands requires the ability to flexibly and rapidly switch between different emotional control strategies. However, this ability has been largely neglected by current neurocognitive models on emotional control. Drawing on the decision-making literature, we propose that rapid switching between alternative emotional control strategies requires the concurrent evaluation of unchosen (counterfactual) options. This model explains how an individual can adaptively change emotional control behavior to meet contextual demands and shifting goals. We propose that the neural implementation of this emotional control mechanism relies on the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC/lateral frontal pole), given its known role in monitoring alternative options during cognitive decision-making tasks. We reappraise meta-analytic evidence showing consistent aPFC involvement during emotional control when monitoring of alternative emotional control strategies is required, and when alternative emotional actions have high value. We conclude with emphasizing the clinical and evolutionary implications of this new framework on emotional control.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Animais , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos
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