Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 989
Filtrar
1.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e117, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939498

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Brazilian propolis on the cell viability, mineralization, anti-inflammatory ability, and migration of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The cell viability was evaluated with CCK-8 kit after 1, 5, 7, and 9 days. The deposition of calcified matrix and the expression of osteogenesis-related genes were evaluated by Alizarin Red staining and real-time PCR after incubation in osteogenic medium for 21 days. The expression of inflammation-related genes in cells was determined after exposure to 1 µg/mL LPS for 3 h. Finally, the numbers of cells that migrated through the permeable membranes were compared during 15 h. Propolis and MTA significantly increased the viability of hDPCscompared to the control group on days 7 and 9. In the propolis group, significant enhancement of osteogenic potential and suppressed expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 was observed after LPS exposure compared to the MTA and control groups. The number of migration cells in the propolis group was similar to that of the control group, while MTA significantly promoted cell migration. Propolis showed comparable cell viability to that of MTA and exhibited significantly higher anti-inflammatory and mineralization promotion effects on hDPCs.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Própole/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Antraquinonas , Brasil , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Odontoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18465, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876730

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the correlation of long noncoding RNA zinc finger antisense 1 (lncRNA ZFAS1) expression with disease risk, disease severity and inflammatory cytokines levels in lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) patients.83 LDD patients underwent surgery and 28 traumatized, non-LDD patients underwent lumbar disc surgery (controls) were consecutively enrolled in this case-control study. Lumbar disc tissue was obtained during surgery and herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP) was isolated to detect lncRNA ZFAS1 expression and inflammatory cytokines mRNA levels by RT-qPCR, and determine protein levels of inflammatory cytokines by western blot.HNP lncRNA ZFAS1 expression in LDD patients was up-regulated compared with controls (P < .001), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed lncRNA ZFAS1 expression disclosed a good predictive value for LDD risk with area under curve (AUC) 0.753 (95% CI 0.646-0.859). And after adjustment by age, gender and body mass index (BMI), lncRNA ZFAS1 (P = .017) remained to be an independent predictive factor for higher LDD risk. In addition, lncRNA ZFAS1 expression was positively associated with Modified Pfirrmann Grade (P = .015). As to inflammatory cytokines, lncRNA ZFAS1 expression was observed to be positively correlated with TNF-α (P = .002), IL-1ß (P = .007) and IL-6 (P = .015) mRNAs expressions while reversely associated with IL-10 mRNA level (P = .014); and lncRNA ZFAS1 expression was also positively correlated with protein levels of TNF-α (P = .038) and IL-6 (P = .027) while reversely associated with IL-10 protein expression (P = .039).lncRNA ZFAS1 expression associates with increased risk, elevated disease severity and higher inflammatory cytokines levels in LDD patients.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Vértebras Lombares , RNA Antissenso/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/análise , Western Blotting , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-10/análise , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/química , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
3.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(11): e201901105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859818

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) on spinal pathology and inflammatory factor in a rat model of Diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP). METHODS: The rats were divided into 3 groups (eight in each group): normal group (N group), diabetic neuropathic pain model group (DNP group), and DNP model with dexmedetomidine (Dex group). The rat model of diabetes was established with intraperitoneal streptozotocin (STZ) injections. Nerve cell ultrastructure was evaluated with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) tests documented that DNP rat model was characterized by a decreased pain threshold and nerve conduction velocity. RESULTS: Dex restored the phenotype of neurocytes, reduced the extent of demyelination and improved MWT and MNCV of DNP-treated rats (P=0.01, P=0.038, respectively). The expression of three pain-and inflammation-associated factors (P2X4, NLRP3, and IL-IP) was significantly upregulated at the protein level in DNP rats, and this change was reversed by Dex administration (P=0.0022, P=0.0092, P=0.0028, respectively). CONCLUSION: The P2X4/NLRP3 signaling pathway is implicated in the development and presence of DNP in vivo, and Dex protects from this disorder.


Assuntos
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/farmacologia , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Neuropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/análise , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4/análise , Coluna Vertebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Neuropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/efeitos dos fármacos , Condução Nervosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Limiar da Dor , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4/efeitos dos fármacos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Estreptozocina , Nervo Sural/efeitos dos fármacos , Nervo Sural/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(3): 317-322, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631596

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the molecular mechanism of ventilation induced lung injury (VILI) formation based on Keap1/Nfr2/ARE signaling pathway. Methods: The VILI model was established by excessive mechanical ventilation in SD rats. HE staining was used to detect the pathological changes of lung tissue in the control group, normal tidal volume (VT) group and large VT group (VT 40 mL/kg). The wet weight of lung tissue was detected in each group. Dry weight (W/D) ratio change; BCA method was used to detect the changes of total protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of each group; ELISA was used to detect interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and leukocyte in BALF and serum of each group. The content of 8-OHdG in the lung tissue was detected by IL-8 and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the lung tissue was detected by TBA method. The NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 proteins in macrophages were detected by Western blot. The changes of Keap1 and Nrf2 proteins in lung tissues were detected by RT-PCR. The expressions of SOD mRNA and HO-1 mRNA in lung tissues of each group were detected by RT-PCR. Results: Excessive mechanical ventilation could damage lung tissue, leading to alveolar rupture, inflammatory cell infiltration and erythrocytosis. Compared with the control group and normal VT group, the W/D value, 8-OHdG and MDA content in the large VT group, and total BALF, the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18 in protein, IL-1ß, IL-18 in serum increased significantly ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group and normal VT group, NLRP3, ASC, in macrophage of large VT group, the content of Keap1 protein in caspase-1 protein and lung tissue increased significantly ( P<0.05). The expression of Nrf2 protein, SOD mRNA and HO-1 mRNA in lung tissue decreased significantly. Conclusions: Large VT ventilation can cause acute inflammatory injury in lung tissue and lead to the occurrence of VILI. Inflammatory bodies of NLRP3 in alveolar macrophages are involved in this process, and the mechanism of NLRP3 inflammatory bodies is caused by hyperventilation in addition to mechanical injury. Decreased Keap1/Nrf2-ARE pathway inhibition and ROS clearance may also cause macrophage production of NLRP3 inflammatory bodies.


Assuntos
Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Pulmão , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
5.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 130: 107287, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400567

RESUMO

This work reports the first electrochemical molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) sensor for Interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß) detection, based on modified commercial screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was successfully demonstrated. For this purpose, the carbon support was modified with a PEDOT/4-aminothiophenol layer prior to the MIP film to enhance sensitivity and signal stability. The MIP layer was constructed on top of this by electropolymerization of Eriochrome black T (EBT) in the presence of IL-1ß. The several steps of the biosensor assembly was followed by Raman spectroscopy and electroanalytical techniques. Using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), a linear response in the range of 60 pM to 600 nM, with a LOD of 1.5 pM with (S/N = 3) was obtained in neutral PBS. Selectivity tests of the MIP biosensor made in spiked synthetic serum samples as well as against other structurally related (Myoglobin, of similar shape and size) or competing compounds (Immunoglobulin G, also present in the human serum) confirmed the good selectivity of the biosensor. Overall, the biosensor described herein has the potential to provide a simple and quick way for on-site screening of IL-1ß, with low sample/reagent consumption and enabling direct serum analysis, which constitutes a valuable alternative to other conventional methods.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Compostos Azo/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Carbono/química , Espectroscopia Dielétrica/instrumentação , Espectroscopia Dielétrica/métodos , Eletrodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Impressão Molecular/instrumentação , Polimerização , Polímeros/química
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327203

RESUMO

Objective:TThe aim of this study is to investigate the effect of in vitro cultured Calculus Bovis on the inflammation of oropharynx and body in patients with OSA during the perioperative period of H-UPPP.Method:Eighty patients with OSA and H-UPPP indications were enrolled. The patients were divided into experimental group and control group by random number table, 40 cases in each group. The experimental group was given in vitro cultured Calculus Bovis, while the control group was not given bovine bezoar in vitro. The postoperative oropharyngeal pain, time to resume normal diet, local edema, concentration of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in saliva, and concentration of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in blood were compared between the two groups. Result:The pain of oropharynx in the experimental group was lighter than that in the control group on the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the pain of oropharynx between the two groups on the 1st day after operation(P>0.05); the time of restoring normal diet in the experimental group was shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05); the edema of oropharynx in the experimental group was lighter than that in the control group on the 5th and 7th day after operation (P<0.05).The levels of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in saliva were lower than those in control group on the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after operation (P<0.05), and the levels of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in blood on the 5th and 7th day after operation were lower than those in control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:In vitro perioperative period of H-UPPP can improve the postoperative sore throat and local edema of oropharynx, shorten the time of normal diet and reduce the expression of related inflammatory factors in oropharynx and blood.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cólicos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Materia Medica/uso terapêutico , Orofaringe/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-8/análise , Período Pós-Operatório , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
7.
J Periodontal Res ; 54(6): 720-728, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate biological markers of peri-implantitis (PIP) in crevicular fluid before and after surgical and antimicrobial therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight participants (24 healthy implants and 24 PIP) were clinically evaluated, and peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) samples were collected at baseline for both groups, and at 3-months after surgical and antimicrobial treatment (ie, n = 21 PIP completers). Samples were analyzed for interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α) using immunoassay and the results compared between groups. RESULTS: Peri-implantitis sites at baseline demonstrated significantly higher mean periodontal probing depths, percentage bleeding on probing (P ≤ 0.001), and mean IL-1ß concentration in PICF compared to healthy implant sites (17.9 vs 1.7 pg/µL; P = 0.02). Three months after treatment, periodontal probing depths, bleeding on probing, suppuration (P < 0.05), and the mean concentration of MMP-8 decreased significantly compared with baseline (12.1 vs 6.7 ng/µL, P = 0.04). MIP-1α concentrations showed no differences between the groups. CONCLUSION: Elevated concentrations of IL-1ß in PICF were consistent with PIP. A decrease in MMP-8 concentration in PICF at three months after treatment is consistent with a healing biological response.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Peri-Implantite/diagnóstico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/química , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(3): 2119-2126, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257507

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effect of dexmedetomidine on hippocampal inflammation and cognitive function in rats with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). A total of 80 healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were used, 72 of which developed POCD. The rats were randomly divided into four groups: The control, model, low­dose and high­dose dexmedetomidine anesthesia groups. A POCD model was established and dexmedetomidine was administered. Cognitive function tests were performed and expression levels of interleukin 1ß (IL­1ß), tumor necrosis factor­α (TNF­α) and NF­κB biomarkers were evaluated on the first, third and seventh day following modeling. The cognitive function of rats was measured using a Y­maze test. The expression levels of IL­1ß and TNF­α in the hippocampus were determined by ELISA. The protein expression levels of NF­κB p65 in the hippocampus were determined by western blotting. It was revealed that at 1, 3 and 7 days after surgery, there were no alterations in the exercise ability of rats in the different groups, as reflected by the number of rats passing the alternative arms in the Y­maze. On the first and third day after surgery, the cognitive dysfunction reflected by the alteration scores of the low­dose and high­dose dexmedetomidine anesthesia groups were significantly higher than those of the model group, and the increase in the high­dose group was more pronounced. Additionally, on the first day after surgery, the expression levels of IL­1ß, TNF­α and NF­κB in the hippocampi of rats in the low­ and high­dose dexmedetomidine anesthesia groups were significantly lower than those in the model group, and the decrease was more pronounced in the high­dose group. At 7 days after surgery, the differences in expression levels of IL­1ß, TNF­α and NF­κB in the hippocampus among groups were not identified to be statistically significantly different. Taken together, the results of the present study indicated that dexmedetomidine may inhibit hippocampal inflammation induced by surgical trauma, and that dexmedetomidine may effectively improve postoperative cognitive function in rats.


Assuntos
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/uso terapêutico , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , /prevenção & controle , Envelhecimento , Animais , Hipocampo/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e033, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269113

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on the salivary cytokine levels and clinical parameters of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) with gingivitis. A non-randomized, clinical trial was conducted in individuals diagnosed with spastic CP. Thirty-eight individuals were enrolled in the study and were categorized according to gingival index scores between 0-1 or 2-3, assigned to groups G2 or G1, respectively. Periodontal treatment comprised oral hygiene instructions, conventional mechanical treatment and 0.12% chlorhexidine applied as an adjunct. Clinical parameters and saliva samples were collected at baseline and at the 15-day follow-up visit. Bleeding on probing and periodontal screening and recording were determined. Non-stimulated saliva samples were obtained, and the salivary flow rate, the osmolality and the levels of cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and IL-12p70 were evaluated by a cytometric bead array. The Wilcoxon test, the Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation analysis, Poisson regression analysis and an adjusted analysis were performed (α = 0.05). The groups differed significantly in periodontal clinical parameters at baseline and at follow-up. Salivary flow rate and osmolality were similar in both groups at both timepoints. However, TNF-α and IL-1ß levels were higher in G1 than in G2 at baseline. Mechanical treatment resulted in improved clinical parameters for both groups. Furthermore, mechanical treatment resulted in a significant reduction in salivary IL-1ß and IL-8 levels for both groups after treatment. Periodontal treatment performed in individuals with CP and gingivitis reduces the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-8.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Gengivite/complicações , Gengivite/reabilitação , Periodontite/terapia , Saliva/química , Adolescente , Criança , Citocinas/análise , Profilaxia Dentária/métodos , Feminino , Gengivite/microbiologia , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Masculino , Concentração Osmolar , Índice Periodontal , Distribuição de Poisson , Saliva/imunologia , Saliva/microbiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
10.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(1): 473-484, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180547

RESUMO

The present work aimed to investigate the role of Paneth cells in small intestinal injury during acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) using rat models established by injection of dithizone, a metal chelator of zinc with the ability to selectively ablate Paneth cells. Sprague­Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: Sham­operated group, ANP group (3.5% sodium taurocholate solution, 1 ml/kg body weight), dithizone group (100 mg/kg of body weight) and ANP + dithizone group (sodium taurocholate solution was administered 6 h after dithizone injection). Each group was further divided into five subgroups (6, 12, 24, 36 and 48 h) based on the time period between induction of the model and sample collection. The present results suggested the number of Paneth cells was gradually decreased in the ANP group in a time­dependent manner. Most of the Paneth cells were ablated in the ANP + dithizone group at 6 h, but a subset of Paneth cells recovered after 24­48 h. Compared with the ANP group, combination of dithizone and ANP significantly induced more severe histopathological injuries in the pancreas and distal ileum, with higher Schmidt and Chiu's scores, respectively. Additionally, increased expression levels of tumor necrosis factor­α (TNF­α), interleukin (IL)­1ß and IL­17A were detected in the ileum, causing an increase in intestinal permeability, as assessed by a decrease in the expression level of the intestinal tight junction protein occludin and high plasma levels of diamine oxidase and D­lactate. The increase in intestinal permeability led to the translocation of bacteria to the bloodstream, triggering systemic inflammation, as assessed by the increased plasma levels of TNF­α, IL­1ß and IL­17A, reducing the survival rates of rats, which was 66.7% and 83.3% in the ANP + dithizone and the ANP group, respectively. The increase in intestinal endoplasmic reticulum stress, as assessed by high expression levels of binding­immunoglobulin protein and activating transcription factor 6, may be one mechanism associated with Paneth cells loss and intestinal barrier impairment during ANP. Collectively, the present study suggested that the absence of Paneth cells may be an important factor involved in intestinal injury, promoting the progression of ANP.


Assuntos
Intestino Delgado/patologia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/patologia , Celulas de Paneth/patologia , Animais , Contagem de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-17/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Masculino , Permeabilidade , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
11.
Matern Child Health J ; 23(9): 1147-1151, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between maternal experiences of discrimination and child biomarkers of toxic stress in a multiethnic, urban sample of mothers and children (4-9 years). METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study of maternal-child dyads (N = 54) living in low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Mothers reported experiences of discrimination. Noninvasive biomarkers of toxic stress were collected to assess neuroendocrine (hair cortisol), immune (salivary cytokines, c-reactive protein), and cardiovascular (blood pressure) functioning in children. RESULTS: Maternal experiences of discrimination were associated with increased log-transformed salivary interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in children (ß = 0.15, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Vicarious racism, or indirect exposure to discrimination experienced by caregivers, is associated with poor health outcomes for children. Immune pathways may be a biological mechanism through which racial discrimination "gets under the skin," but additional research is needed to fully understand these relationships. Uncovering the physiological mechanisms linking vicarious racism with child health is an important step towards understanding possible early roots of racial and ethnic health inequities.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Mães/psicologia , Racismo/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/etnologia , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Connecticut/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-8/análise , Interleucina-8/sangue , Masculino , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Racismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Saliva/citologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
12.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(6)2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216765

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Boxing is a popular combat sport that requires high intensity and cooperation. However, there are limited data about the influence of boxing matches on blood parameters. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the match-induced changes in the metabolic, hormonal, and inflammatory status in male elite boxers. Materials and methods: High-level 20 male boxers with more than 5 years experience in boxing voluntarily participated in this study. Venous blood samples of the boxers, before and after combat, were taken for determination of the plasma parameters. Results: Our results indicated that a 9-min boxing match caused significant increases in plasma energy fuels (glucose and lactate), metabolic hormones (insulin, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), cortisol, and growth hormone), inflammatory markers (interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)), muscle damage indicators (alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)), and oxidative stress marker (SOD). A decrease in total oxidant status (TOS) was also considered. However, there were no significant alterations in the plasma levels of androgenic hormone (free and total testosterone), anabolic hormone (IGF-1), lipids (total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)), kidney function markers (creatinine and urea), and minerals (iron (Fe) and magnesium (Mg)). Conclusion: Elevations in the level of energy fuels and metabolic hormones of the boxers could be taken as a reflection of high-energy turnover during combat performance. The increases in inflammatory and tissue damage indicators may possibly be an indication of traumatic injury. Understanding the biochemical changes that occur during boxing match could be valuable to optimize the performance improvement of the athletes.


Assuntos
Atletas , Boxe/fisiologia , Metabolismo/fisiologia , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/análise , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/sangue , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/análise , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/análise , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Glucose/análise , Hormônio do Crescimento/análise , Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/análise , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Insulina/análise , Insulina/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Ácido Láctico/análise , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Tailândia
13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 366, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Independent of HIV infection, extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) risk is increased in women, persons of black race or foreign birth, and by genetic variants in vitamin D receptor (VDR), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), and toll-like receptor (TLR)-2; functional correlates are unclear. We evaluated macrophage expression of VDR, TLR2, cathelicidin, and TNF-α, and production of IL-1ß in HIV-seronegative persons with previous EPTB, previous pulmonary TB, latent M. tuberculosis infection, and uninfected TB contacts. Persons with previous pleural TB were excluded due to enhanced immune responses at the site of disease. METHODS: Macrophages were stimulated with TLR-2 agonist M. tuberculosis lipoprotein (LpqH), live and gamma-irradiated M. tuberculosis. RESULTS: M. tuberculosis - infected macrophages from persons with previous EPTB had increased VDR expression (29.17 relative value unit increase in median expression vs. uninfected contacts, after adjusting for foreign-born status; P = 0.02). Macrophages from persons with previous EPTB had a 38.88 µg/mL increase in median IL-1ß production after stimulation with LpqH compared to uninfected contacts (P = 0.01); the effect was similar (44.99 µg/mL) but not statistically significant after controlling for foreign-born status. Median 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were low but not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: There was increased macrophage expression of VDR after stimulation with live M. tuberculosis in persons with previous extrapulmonary TB. If post-treatment VDR expression reflects expression prior to disease, it may identify persons at risk for extrapulmonary TB.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/metabolismo , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/fisiologia , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Tuberculose/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Feminino , Raios gama , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos da radiação , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/agonistas , Tuberculose/imunologia , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/sangue
14.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0214622, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disease characterized by a progressive and irreversible deterioration of lung function. Exacerbations of COPD have prolonged negative effects on pulmonary function and a major impact on health status and outcomes. NLRP3 inflammasome is a cardinal component of the inflammatory response, with marked evidence in stable and exacerbations of COPD. The aim of our study was to evaluate the NLRP3 inflammasome activity during COPD exacerbation by using an in vitro model. METHODS: A549 cells were stimulated with different concentrations (10%, 4%, 2%) of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) with or without LPS (0.1µg/ml) for 24 hours. Cell viability was assessed by using XTT test. Levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-8, MCP-1, and IL-1ß) were measured by ELISA and the activity level of NLRP-3 was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Cells exposed to CSE present an increase in inflammatory cytokines (IL-8 and MCP-1) production in a dose-dependent manner. Incubation with LPS to these cells results in higher levels of IL-8 and MCP-1 compared to stimulation of CSE alone. NLRP3 inflammasome activity and IL-1ß levels were significantly increased in cells exposed to both CSE and LPS compared to CSE alone. CONCLUSIONS: NLRP3 inflammasome is upregulated in an in-vitro model of COPD and COPD exacerbation. Our findings provide novel biomarkers for COPD exacerbation and may present new targets for future research.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fumaça , Células A549 , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CCL2/análise , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/análise , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Modelos Biológicos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/patologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Inflammation ; 42(4): 1504-1510, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102123

RESUMO

In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of puerarin on the hyperpermeability of vascular endothelial cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and its underlying mechanisms. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were pre-incubated with puerarin (25, 50, and 100 µM) for 1 h, and then exposed to LPS (1 µg/mL). The monolayer permeability of endothelial cells was assessed by measuring the paracellular flux of FITC-dextran 40,000 (FD40). The expression of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) in HUVECs was examined by Western blotting analysis. A total of 18 mice were randomly assigned into three groups as follows: control group, LPS group, and puerarin group. The pulmonary W/D ratio (wet-to-dry weight ratios) was calculated, and the lung morphology was examined. The levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell supernatant and mouse serum were determined by ELISA. Compared with the control group, LPS obviously increased the flux of FD40 and the monolayer permeability, raised the levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell supernatant, and reduced the VE-cadherin expression in HUVECs. However, puerarin (25, 50, and 100 µM) was able to relieve such LPS-induced increase in flux of FD40 and then reduce the hyperpermeability. Puerarin decreased the levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß in cell supernatant and increased the VE-cadherin expression in HUVECs (P < 0.05). Moreover, LPS obviously increased the levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß in mouse serum and elevated the pulmonary W/D ratios, resulting in lung injury. However, all of above-mentioned LPS-induced changes were improved by puerarin pre-treatment. Puerarin could alleviate LPS-induced hyperpermeability in endothelial cells via preventing downregulation of endothelial cadherin.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Permeabilidade Capilar/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Isoflavonas/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Substâncias Protetoras , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Vasodilatadores
16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 308: 137-146, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103702

RESUMO

Cisplatin, a platinum chemotherapeutic agent, is used in a diversity of malignancies; nevertheless, the excessive nephrotoxicity following cisplatin treatment is the dose-limiting devastating reaction. This study was designed to explore the possible nephroprotective impact of wogonin, a forceful anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor agent, in a rat model of cisplatin-induced renal injury. The potential nephroprotective mechanisms were additionally investigated. Wogonin was given at a dose of 40 mg/kg. Acute nephrotoxicity was indicated by a significant rise in BUN, and serum creatinine levels in cisplatin-injected rats. Also, cisplatin enhanced the lipid peroxidation, diminished GSH, catalase, and PPAR-γ levels. Additionally, cisplatin-injected rats showed a significant rise in tissue levels of IL-1ß, TNF-α, NF-kB, and caspase-3 enzymatic activity. Notably, the pre-treatment with wogonin ameliorated the nephrotoxicity indices, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis induced by cisplatin. Also, wogonin up-regulated PPAR-γ expression. The involvement of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was debatable; however, our findings showed that it was significantly induced by cisplatin. Wogonin pre-treatment markedly attenuated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Collectively, these findings imply that wogonin is a promising nephroprotective agent that improves the therapeutic index of cisplatin via reducing oxidative stress, inflammation as well as inducing PPAR-γ. Also, Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is partially involved in the pathogenesis of cisplatin nephrotoxicity.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Flavanonas/farmacologia , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Animais , Flavanonas/uso terapêutico , Glutationa/metabolismo , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Crit Care ; 23(1): 108, 2019 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is often associated with degrees of complex inflammatory response mediated by various cytokines. This response can, in severe cases, lead to systemic hypotension and organ dysfunction. Cytokine removal might therefore improve outcomes of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. CytoSorb® (Cytosorbents, NJ, USA) is a recent device designed to remove cytokine from the blood using haemoadsorption (HA). This trial aims to evaluate the potential of CytoSorb® to decrease peri-operative cytokine levels in cardiac surgery. METHODS: We have conducted a single-centre pilot randomized controlled trial in 30 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery and deemed at risk of complications. Patients were randomly allocated to either standard of care (n = 15) or CytoSorb® HA (n = 15) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Our primary outcome was the difference between the two groups in cytokines levels (IL-1a, IL-1b, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, MCP-1) measured at anaesthesia induction, at the end of CPB, as well as 6 and 24 h post-CPB initiation. In a consecutive subgroup of patients (10 in HA group, 11 in control group), we performed cross-adsorber as well as serial measurements of coagulation factors' activity (antithrombin, von Willebrand factor, factor II, V, VIII, IX, XI, and XII). RESULTS: Both groups were similar in terms of baseline and peri-operative characteristics. CytoSorb® HA during CPB was not associated with an increased incidence of adverse event. The procedure did not result in significant coagulation factors' adsorption but only some signs of coagulation activation. However, the intervention was associated neither with a decrease in pro- or anti-inflammatory cytokine levels nor with any improvement in relevant clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: CytoSorb® HA during CPB was not associated with a decrease in pro- or anti-inflammatory cytokines nor with an improvement in relevant clinical outcomes. The procedure was feasible and safe. Further studies should evaluate the efficacy of CytoSorb® HA in other clinical contexts. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02775123 . Registered 17 May 2016.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/efeitos adversos , Hemofiltração/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Quimiocina CCL2/análise , Quimiocina CCL2/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Hemofiltração/métodos , Hemofiltração/normas , Humanos , Interleucina-10/análise , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-1alfa/análise , Interleucina-1alfa/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-2/análise , Interleucina-2/sangue , Interleucina-4/análise , Interleucina-4/sangue , Interleucina-5/análise , Interleucina-5/sangue , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Taxa de Depuração Metabólica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
18.
Mil Med ; 184(Suppl 1): 265-272, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mild blast traumatic brain injury is commonly prevalent in modern combat casualty care and has been associated with the development of neurodegenerative conditions. However, whether primary lower level blast overpressure (LBOP) causes neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation remains largely unknown. The aim of our present study was to determine whether LBOP can cause neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. METHODS: Anesthetized rats were randomly assigned to LBOP group (70 kPa, n = 5) or sham group (without blast, n = 5). Histopathological and cytokine changes in brain tissue at 5 days post-injury were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining and Bioplex assay, respectively. RESULTS: Histopathological assessment revealed neuronal degeneration and increased density of inflammatory cells in frontal and parietal cortex, hippocampus and thalamus in rats exposed to LBOP. LBOP exposure significantly elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (EPO, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-12, IL-18, and TNF-α) and chemokines (GRO and RANTES) as well as of an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-13) in the frontal cortex. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals a role of neuroinflammation in neurodegeneration after mild blast traumatic brain injury. Therapies that target this process might in warfighters might function either by attenuating the development of post-traumatic stress disorder, chronic traumatic encephalopathy and Alzheimer's disease, or by slowing their progression.


Assuntos
Encefalite/patologia , Explosões/estatística & dados numéricos , Degeneração Neural/patologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/patologia , Quimiocina CCL5/análise , Quimiocina CXCL1/análise , Quimiocinas/análise , Citocinas/análise , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Encefalite/enzimologia , Encefalite/etiologia , Interleucina-12/análise , Interleucina-18/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Degeneração Neural/enzimologia , Degeneração Neural/etiologia , Ratos/lesões , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
19.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 52(3): 397-407, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: TNF-α-mediated pro-inflammatory phenotypic change in monocytes is known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic inflammation and insulin resistance. However, the mechanism by which TNF-α-induces inflammatory phenotypic shift in monocytes is poorly understood. Since long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase 1 (ACSL1) is associated with inflammatory monocytes/macrophages, we investigated the role of ACSL1 in the TNF-α-driven inflammatory phenotypic shift in the monocytes. METHODS: Monocytes (Human monocytic THP-1 cells) were stimulated with TNF-α. Inflammatory phenotypic markers (CD16, CD11b, CD11c and HLA-DR) expression was determined with real time RTPCR and flow cytometry. IL-1ß and MCP-1 were determined by ELISA. Signaling pathways were identified by using ACSL1 inhibitor, ACSL1 siRNA and NF-κB reporter monocytic cells. Phosphorylation of NF-κB was analyzed by western blotting and flow cytometry. RESULTS: Our data show that TNF-α induced significant increase in the expression of CD16, CD11b, CD11c and HLA-DR. Inhibition of ACSL1 activity in the cells with triacsin C significantly suppressed the expression of these inflammatory markers. Using ACSL-1 siRNA, we further demonstrate that TNF-α-induced inflammatory markers expression in monocytic cells requires ACSL1. In addition, IL-1b and MCP-1 production by TNF-α activated monocytic cells was significantly blocked by the inhibition of ACSL-1 activity. Interestingly, elevated NF-κB activity resulting from TNF-α stimulation was attenuated in ACSL1 deficient cells. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide an evidence that TNF-α-associated inflammatory polarization in monocytes is an ACSL1 dependent process, which indicates its central role in TNF-α-driven metabolic inflammation.


Assuntos
Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Quimiocina CCL2/análise , Coenzima A Ligases/antagonistas & inibidores , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Antígenos HLA-DR/genética , Antígenos HLA-DR/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Monócitos/citologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptores de IgG/genética , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Triazenos/química , Triazenos/metabolismo
20.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180211, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of gliclazide on oxidative stress, inflammation, and bone loss in an experimental periodontal disease model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male albino Wistar rats were divided into no ligature, ligature, and ligature with 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg gliclazide groups. Maxillae were fixed and scanned using micro-computed tomography to quantify linear and bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) and volumetric bone loss. Histopathological, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence analyses were conducted to examine matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), cathepsin K, members of the receptor activator of the nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β (RANK), osteoprotegerin (OPG) pathway, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1), NFKB p 50 (Cytoplasm), NFKB p50 NLS (nuclear localization signal), PI3 kinase and AKT staining. Myeloperoxidase activity, malondialdehyde and glutathione levels, while interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels were evaluated by spectroscopic ultraviolet-visible analysis. A quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to quantify the gene expression of the nuclear factor kappa B p50 subunit (NF-κB p50), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3k), protein kinase B (AKT), and F4/80. RESULTS: Micro-computed tomography showed that the 1 mg/kg gliclazide treatment reduced linear bone loss compared to the ligature, 5 mg/kg gliclazide, and 10 mg/kg gliclazide treatments. All concentrations of gliclazide increased bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) compared to the ligature group. Treatment with 1 mg/kg gliclazide reduced myeloperoxidase activity, malondialdehyde, IL-1ß, and TNF-α levels (p≤0.05), and resulted in weak staining for COX-2, cathepsin k, MMP-2, RANK, RANKL, SOD-1, GPx-1,MIF and PI3k. In addition, down-regulation of NF-κB p50, PI3k, AKT, and F4/80 were observed, and OPG staining was strong after the 1 mg/kg gliclazide treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This treatment decreased neutrophil and macrophage migration, decreased the inflammatory response, and decreased bone loss in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/tratamento farmacológico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Gliclazida/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Perda do Osso Alveolar/patologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Catepsina K/análise , Imunofluorescência , Gengiva/química , Gengiva/patologia , Gliclazida/uso terapêutico , Glutationa/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/análise , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodontite/patologia , Peroxidase/análise , Ligante RANK/análise , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Microtomografia por Raio-X
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA