Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.390
Filtrar
1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(2): 614-622, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lonicera japonica Thunb is a common herb in East Asia. The flower buds are usually regarded as the traditional medicinal part, while leaves and stems are considered less valuable and receive little attention. This study compared the chemical constituents and anti-inflammatory effects of the different tissues in L. japonica Thunb for the first time. RESULTS: Thirty compounds were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode detector-quadrupole / time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-PDA-Q/TOF-MS/MS) analysis. Hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonoids, and iridoids were identified as the major components. The flower buds (FLJ), leaves (LLJ), and stems (SLJ) of L. japonica Thunb showed strong similarities in chemical components. The LLJ contained higher levels of hydroxycinnamic acids and flavonoids than the FLJ and SLJ. Furthermore, FLJ, LLJ, and SLJ exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity in croton oil-induced ear edema and carrageenan-induced paw edema assays in mice. Moreover, FLJ, LLJ, and SLJ showed a cytoprotective effect on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Lipopolysaccharide-induced increases in nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were suppressed by treatments of FLJ, LLJ, and SLJ, respectively. The LLJ possessed a stronger anti-inflammatory effect than the FLJ. CONCLUSION: Leaves and stems of L. japonica Thunb have chemical components and anti-inflammatory properties similar to flower buds, and may become alternative or supplementary sources of flower buds. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Lonicera/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Carragenina/efeitos adversos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/genética , Edema/imunologia , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Flavonoides/química , Flores/química , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Camundongos , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
2.
Pol J Microbiol ; 68(4): 439-447, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880888

RESUMO

Salmonella infection is most common in patients with infected aortic aneurysm, especially in Asia. When the aortic wall is heavily atherosclerotic, the intima is vulnerable to invasion by Salmonella, leading to the development of infected aortic aneurysm. By using THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells to mimic atherosclerosis, we investigated the role of three Salmonella enterica serotypes - Typhimurium, Enteritidis, and Choleraesuis - in foam cell autophagy and inflammasome formation. Herein, we provide possible pathogenesis of Salmonella-associated infected aortic aneurysms. Three S. enterica serotypes with or without virulence plasmid were studied. Through Western blotting, we investigated cell autophagy induction and inflammasome formation in Salmonella-infected THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, detected CD36 expression after Salmonella infection through flow cytometry, and measured interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-12, and interferon (IFN)-α levels through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. At 0.5 h after infection, plasmid-bearing S. Enteritidis OU7130 induced the highest foam cell autophagy - significantly higher than that induced by plasmid-less OU7067. However, plasmid-bearing S. Choleraesuis induced less foam cell autophagy than did its plasmid-less strain. In foam cells, plasmid-less Salmonella infection (particularly S. Choleraesuis OU7266 infection) led to higher CD36 expression than did plasmid-bearing strains infection. OU7130 and OU7266 infection induced the highest IL-1ß secretion. OU7067-infected foam cells secreted the highest IL-12p35 level. Plasmid-bearing S. Typhimurium OU5045 induced a higher IFN-α level than did other Salmonella serotypes. Salmonella serotypes are correlated with foam cell autophagy and IL-1ß secretion. Salmonella may affect the course of foam cells formation, or even aortic aneurysm, through autophagy.Salmonella infection is most common in patients with infected aortic aneurysm, especially in Asia. When the aortic wall is heavily atherosclerotic, the intima is vulnerable to invasion by Salmonella, leading to the development of infected aortic aneurysm. By using THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells to mimic atherosclerosis, we investigated the role of three Salmonella enterica serotypes ­ Typhimurium, Enteritidis, and Choleraesuis ­ in foam cell autophagy and inflammasome formation. Herein, we provide possible pathogenesis of Salmonella-associated infected aortic aneurysms. Three S. enterica serotypes with or without virulence plasmid were studied. Through Western blotting, we investigated cell autophagy induction and inflammasome formation in Salmonella-infected THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells, detected CD36 expression after Salmonella infection through flow cytometry, and measured interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-12, and interferon (IFN)-α levels through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. At 0.5 h after infection, plasmid-bearing S. Enteritidis OU7130 induced the highest foam cell autophagy ­ significantly higher than that induced by plasmid-less OU7067. However, plasmid-bearing S. Choleraesuis induced less foam cell autophagy than did its plasmid-less strain. In foam cells, plasmid-less Salmonella infection (particularly S. Choleraesuis OU7266 infection) led to higher CD36 expression than did plasmid-bearing strains infection. OU7130 and OU7266 infection induced the highest IL-1ß secretion. OU7067-infected foam cells secreted the highest IL-12p35 level. Plasmid-bearing S. Typhimurium OU5045 induced a higher IFN-α level than did other Salmonella serotypes. Salmonella serotypes are correlated with foam cell autophagy and IL-1ß secretion. Salmonella may affect the course of foam cells formation, or even aortic aneurysm, through autophagy.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/microbiologia , Infecções por Salmonella/microbiologia , Salmonella typhimurium/patogenicidade , Animais , Aneurisma Aórtico/genética , Aneurisma Aórtico/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/genética , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Interleucina-12/genética , Interleucina-12/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Antígeno Ki-1/genética , Antígeno Ki-1/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/microbiologia , Plasmídeos/genética , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Infecções por Salmonella/genética , Infecções por Salmonella/imunologia , Salmonella typhimurium/genética , Salmonella typhimurium/fisiologia , Sorogrupo , Virulência
3.
Pol J Microbiol ; 68(4): 457-464, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880890

RESUMO

Unravelling of the interplay between the immune system and non-diphtheria corynebacteria would contribute to understanding their increasing role as medically important microorganisms. We aimed at the analysis of pro- (TNF, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-12p70) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines produced by Jurkat T cells in response to planktonic and biofilm Corynebacterium amycolatum. Two reference strains: C. amycolatum ATCC 700207 (R-CA), Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 (R-SA), and ten clinical strains of C. amycolatum (C-CA) were used in the study. Jurkat T cells were stimulated in vitro by the planktonic-conditioned medium (PCM) and biofilm-conditioned medium (BCM) derived from the relevant cultures of the strains tested. The cytokine concentrations were determined in the cell culture supernatants using the flow cytometry. The levels of the cytokines analyzed were lower after stimulation with the BCM when compared to the PCM derived from the cultures of C-CA; statistical significance (p < 0.05) was observed for IL-1ß, IL-12 p70, and IL-10. Similarly, planktonic R-CA and R-SA stimulated a higher cytokine production than their biofilm counterparts. The highest levels of pro-inflammatory IL-8, IL-1ß, and IL-12p70 were observed after stimulation with planktonic R-SA whereas the strongest stimulation of anti-inflammatory IL-10 was noted for the BCM derived from the mixed culture of both reference species. Our results are indicative of weaker immunostimulatory properties of the biofilm C. amycolatum compared to its planktonic form. It may play a role in the persistence of biofilm-related infections. The extent of the cytokine response can be dependent on the inherent virulence of the infecting microorganism.Unravelling of the interplay between the immune system and non-diphtheria corynebacteria would contribute to understanding their increasing role as medically important microorganisms. We aimed at the analysis of pro- (TNF, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-12p70) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines produced by Jurkat T cells in response to planktonic and biofilm Corynebacterium amycolatum. Two reference strains: C. amycolatum ATCC 700207 (R-CA), Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 (R-SA), and ten clinical strains of C. amycolatum (C-CA) were used in the study. Jurkat T cells were stimulated in vitro by the planktonic-conditioned medium (PCM) and biofilm-conditioned medium (BCM) derived from the relevant cultures of the strains tested. The cytokine concentrations were determined in the cell culture supernatants using the flow cytometry. The levels of the cytokines analyzed were lower after stimulation with the BCM when compared to the PCM derived from the cultures of C-CA; statistical significance (p < 0.05) was observed for IL-1ß, IL-12 p70, and IL-10. Similarly, planktonic R-CA and R-SA stimulated a higher cytokine production than their biofilm counterparts. The highest levels of pro-inflammatory IL-8, IL-1ß, and IL-12p70 were observed after stimulation with planktonic R-SA whereas the strongest stimulation of anti-inflammatory IL-10 was noted for the BCM derived from the mixed culture of both reference species. Our results are indicative of weaker immunostimulatory properties of the biofilm C. amycolatum compared to its planktonic form. It may play a role in the persistence of biofilm-related infections. The extent of the cytokine response can be dependent on the inherent virulence of the infecting microorganism.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Infecções por Corynebacterium/imunologia , Corynebacterium/fisiologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Corynebacterium/genética , Corynebacterium/imunologia , Infecções por Corynebacterium/genética , Infecções por Corynebacterium/microbiologia , Citocinas/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/imunologia , Plâncton/genética , Plâncton/fisiologia
4.
Nat Med ; 25(10): 1576-1588, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591603

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is driven by multifaceted contributions of the immune system within the circulation and at vascular focal sites. However, specific characteristics of dysregulated immune cells within atherosclerotic lesions that lead to clinical events such as ischemic stroke or myocardial infarction are poorly understood. Here, using single-cell proteomic and transcriptomic analyses, we uncovered distinct features of both T cells and macrophages in carotid artery plaques of patients with clinically symptomatic disease (recent stroke or transient ischemic attack) compared to asymptomatic disease (no recent stroke). Plaques from symptomatic patients were characterized by a distinct subset of CD4+ T cells and by T cells that were activated and differentiated. Moreover, some T cell subsets in these plaques presented markers of T cell exhaustion. Additionally, macrophages from these plaques contained alternatively activated phenotypes, including subsets associated with plaque vulnerability. In plaques from asymptomatic patients, T cells and macrophages were activated and displayed evidence of interleukin-1ß signaling. The identification of specific features of innate and adaptive immune cells in plaques that are associated with cerebrovascular events may enable the design of more precisely tailored cardiovascular immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Placa Aterosclerótica/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Imunidade Adaptativa/genética , Idoso , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Placa Aterosclerótica/imunologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética , Transcriptoma/imunologia
5.
Infect Immun ; 87(12)2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570561

RESUMO

Theileria parva is the causative agent of East Coast fever (ECF), a tick-borne disease that kills over a million cattle each year in sub-Saharan Africa. Immune protection against T. parva involves a CD8+ cytotoxic T cell response to parasite-infected cells. However, there is currently a paucity of knowledge regarding the role played by innate immune cells in ECF pathogenesis and T. parva control. Here, we demonstrate an increase in intermediate monocytes (CD14++ CD16+) with a concomitant decrease in the classical (CD14++ CD16-) and nonclassical (CD14+ CD16+) subsets at 12 days postinfection (dpi) during lethal infection but not during nonlethal T. parva infection. Ex vivo analyses of monocytes demonstrated upregulation of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) mRNA and increased nitric oxide production during T. parva lethal infection compared to nonlethal infection at 10 dpi. Interestingly, no significant differences in peripheral blood parasite loads were observed between lethally and nonlethally infected animals at 12 dpi. In vitro stimulation with T. parva schizont-infected cells or Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) resulted in significant upregulation of IL-1ß production by monocytes from lethally infected cattle compared to those from nonlethally infected animals. Strikingly, monocytes from lethally infected animals produced significant amounts of IL-10 mRNA after stimulation with T. parva schizont-infected cells. In conclusion, we demonstrate that T. parva infection leads to alterations in the molecular and functional phenotypes of bovine monocytes. Importantly, since these changes primarily occur in lethal infection, they can serve as biomarkers for ECF progression and severity, thereby aiding in the standardization of protection assessment for T. parva candidate vaccines.


Assuntos
Monócitos/imunologia , Theileria parva/imunologia , Theileriose/imunologia , Animais , Bovinos , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Carga Parasitária , Vacinas Protozoárias/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Theileriose/parasitologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
6.
Immunology ; 158(2): 136-149, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515801

RESUMO

Immune-checkpoint blockade antibodies have been approved for the treatment of cancer. However, poorly immunogenic tumours are less responsive to such therapies. Agonistic anti-Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) activate only cell-surface TLR4; in contrast, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates both TLR4 and intracellular inflammatory caspases. In this study, we investigated the adjuvant activity of an anti-TLR4 mAb in T-cell-mediated antitumour immunity. The anti-TLR4 mAb induced the activation of antigen-specific T-cells in adoptive transfer studies. The growth of ovalbumin (OVA)-expressing tumours was significantly suppressed by administration of OVA and the anti-TLR4 mAb in combination, but not individually. The antitumour effect of anti-PD-1 mAb was enhanced in mice administered with OVA plus the anti-TLR4 mAb. The OVA-specific IFN-γ-producing CD8 T-cells were induced by administration of OVA and the anti-TLR4 mAb. The suppression of tumour growth was diminished by depletion of CD8, but not CD4, T-cells. The inflammatory response to the anti-TLR4 mAb was of significantly lesser magnitude than that to LPS, as assessed by NF-κB activation and production of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß. Administration of LPS (at a dose that elicited levels of proinflammatory cytokines comparable to those by the anti-TLR4 mAb) plus OVA induced no or less-marked activation of OVA-specific T-cells and failed to suppress tumour growth in mice. In conclusion, the agonistic anti-TLR4 mAb induces potent CD8 T-cell-dependent antitumour immunity and an inflammatory response of lesser magnitude than does LPS. The agonistic anti-TLR4 mAb has potential as an adjuvant for use in vaccines against cancer.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Imunização , Imunoterapia/métodos , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental/genética , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Ovalbumina/administração & dosagem , Cultura Primária de Células , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/imunologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/patologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
7.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 263, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a symptom associated with many diseases. This symptom is treated with steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can cause severe side effects when used as long-term treatments. Natural products are an alternative source of new compounds with anti-inflammatory activity. Jefea gnaphalioides (Astereaceae) (A. Gray) is a plant species used to treat inflammatory problems, in Mexico. This study determined the anti-inflammatory activity and the composition of the methanol extract of Jefea gnaphalioides (MEJG). METHODS: The extract was obtained by heating the plant in methanol at boiling point for 4 h, and then the solvent was evaporated under vacuum (MEJG). The derivatization of the extract was performed using Bis-(trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide, and the composition was determined by GC-MS. Total Phenols and flavonoids were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu AlCl3 reaction respectively. The antioxidant activity of MEJG was determined by DPPH method. The acute and chronic anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated on a mouse ear edema induced with 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Acute oral toxicity was tested in mice at doses of MEJG of 5000, 2500 and 1250 mg/kg. The levels of NO, TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 were determinate in J774A.1 macrophages stimulated by Lipopolysaccharide. The production of inflammatory interleukins was measured using commercial kits, and nitric oxide was measured by the Griess reaction. RESULTS: The anti-inflammatory activity of MEJG in acute TPA-induced ear edema was 80.7 ± 2.8%. This result was similar to the value obtained with indomethacin (IND) at the same dose (74.3 ± 2.8%). In chronic TPA-induced edema at doses of 200 mg/kg, the inhibition was 45.7%, which was similar to that obtained with IND (47.4%). MEJG have not toxic effects even at a dose of 5000 mg/kg. MEJG at 25, 50, 100 and 200 µg/mL decreased NO, TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 production in macrophages stimulated with LPS. The major compounds in MEJG were α-D-Glucopyranose (6.71%), Palmitic acid (5.59%), D-(+)-Trehalose (11.91%), Quininic acid (4.29%) and Aucubin (1.17%). Total phenolic content was 57.01 mg GAE/g and total flavonoid content was 35.26 mg QE/g MEJG had antioxidant activity. CONCLUSIONS: MEJG has anti-inflammatory activity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Asteraceae/química , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Edema/genética , Edema/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
8.
Infect Immun ; 87(12)2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548317

RESUMO

Most Salmonella serovars cause disease in many host species, while a few serovars have evolved to be host specific. Very little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to Salmonella host specificity. We compared the interactions between chicken primary macrophages (CDPM) and host-generalist serovar Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, host-adapted Salmonella enterica serovar Dublin, and avian host-specific Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum. S Gallinarum was taken up in lower numbers by CDPM than S Typhimurium and S Dublin; however, a higher survival rate was observed for this serovar. In addition, S Typhimurium and S Dublin caused substantially higher levels of cell death to the CDPM, while significantly higher concentrations of NO were produced by S Gallinarum-infected cells. Global transcriptome analysis performed 2 h postinfection showed that S Gallinarum infection triggered a more comprehensive response in CDPM with 1,114 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) compared to the responses of S Typhimurium (625 DEGs) and S Dublin (656 DEGs). Comparable levels of proinflammation responses were observed in CDPM infected by these three different serovars at the initial infection phase, but a substantially quicker reduction in levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), CXCLi1, and CXCLi2 gene expression was detected in the S Gallinarum-infected macrophages than that of two other groups as infections proceeded. KEGG cluster analysis for unique DEGs after S Gallinarum infection showed that the JAK-STAT signaling pathway was top enriched, indicating a specific role for this pathway in response to S Gallinarum infection of CDPM. Together, these findings provide new insights into the interaction between Salmonella and the host and increase our understanding of S Gallinarum host specificity.


Assuntos
Especificidade de Hospedeiro/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/imunologia , Salmonelose Animal/imunologia , Salmonella typhimurium/imunologia , Animais , Bovinos , Células Cultivadas , Galinhas , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Salmonella typhimurium/classificação
9.
Immunology ; 158(3): 219-229, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478196

RESUMO

The role of symbiotic bacteria in the development of antigen-specific immunity remains poorly understood. Previous studies showed that sensing of symbiotic bacteria by nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (Nod2) regulates antibody responses in response to nasal immunization with antigen and cholera toxin (CT). In this study, we examined the role of the microbiota in the adjuvant activity of CT induced after oral immunization with antigen. Germ-free (GF) mice showed impaired production of antibody responses and T-cell-specific cytokines after oral immunization when compared with that observed in conventionally raised mice. Similar to GF mice, Nod2-deficient mice showed reduced humoral responses upon oral immunization with antigen and CT. Treatment with CT enhanced the production of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), but not tumor necrosis factor-α or IL-12p40, induced by stimulation of dendritic cells with muramyl dipeptide, the Nod2 ligand. Mechanistically, the enhanced production of IL-1ß induced by muramyl dipeptide and CT stimulation required Nod2 and was mediated by both increased synthesis of pro-IL-1ß and caspase-1 activation. Furthermore, antigen-specific antibody and cytokine responses induced by CT were impaired in orally immunized IL-1ß-deficient mice. Collectively, our results indicate that Nod2 stimulation by symbiotic bacteria contributes to optimal CT-mediated antigen-specific oral vaccination through the induction of IL-1ß production.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Toxina da Cólera/farmacologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Microbiota/imunologia , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/imunologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Subunidade p40 da Interleucina-12/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
10.
Immunity ; 51(3): 508-521.e6, 2019 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471109

RESUMO

Recent experimental data and clinical, genetic, and transcriptome evidence from patients converge to suggest a key role of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD). However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of cardiovascular lesions during KD vasculitis are still unknown. Here, we investigated intestinal barrier function in KD vasculitis and observed evidence of intestinal permeability and elevated circulating secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) in KD patients, as well as elevated sIgA and IgA deposition in vascular tissues in a mouse model of KD vasculitis. Targeting intestinal permeability corrected gut permeability, prevented IgA deposition and ameliorated cardiovascular pathology in the mouse model. Using genetic and pharmacologic inhibition of IL-1ß signaling, we demonstrate that IL-1ß lies upstream of disrupted intestinal barrier function, subsequent IgA vasculitis development, and cardiac inflammation. Targeting mucosal barrier dysfunction and the IL-1ß pathway may also be applicable to other IgA-related diseases, including IgA vasculitis and IgA nephropathy.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/imunologia , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Intestinos/imunologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/imunologia , Permeabilidade , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Vasculite/imunologia
11.
Gastroenterology ; 157(5): 1338-1351.e8, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Some patients develop anti-drug antibodies (ADAs), which reduce the efficacy of infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor (TNF), in the treatment of immune-mediated diseases, including inflammatory bowel diseases. ADAs arise inconsistently, and it is not clear what factors determine their formation. We investigated features of the immune system, the infliximab antibody, and its complex with TNF that might contribute to ADA generation. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were given injections of infliximab and recombinant human TNF or infliximab F(ab')2 fragments. Blood samples were collected every 2-3 days for 2 weeks and weekly thereafter for up to 6 weeks; infliximab-TNF complexes and ADAs were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Intestinal biopsy and blood samples were obtained from patients having endoscopy who had received infliximab therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases; infliximab-TNF complexes were measured with ELISA. Infliximab-specific plasma cells were detected in patient tissue samples by using mass cytometry. We studied activation of innate immune cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors incubated with infliximab or infliximab-TNF complexes; toll-like receptors (TLRs) were blocked with antibodies, endocytosis was blocked with the inhibitor PitStop2, and cytokine expression was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and ELISAs. Uptake of infliximab and infliximab-TNF complexes by THP-1 cells was measured with confocal microscopy. RESULTS: Mice given increasing doses of infliximab produced increasing levels of ADAs. Blood samples from mice given injections of human TNF and infliximab contained infliximab-TNF complexes; complex formation was associated with ADA formation with an area under the curve of 0.944 (95% confidence interval, 0.851-1.000; P = .003). Intestinal tissues from patients, but not blood samples, contained infliximab-TNF complexes and infliximab-specific plasma cells. Incubation of PBMCs with infliximab-TNF complexes resulted in a 4.74-fold increase in level of interleukin (IL) 1ß (IL1B) messenger RNA (P for comparison = .005), increased IL1B protein secretion, and a 2.69-fold increase in the expression of TNF messenger RNA (P for comparison = 0.013) compared with control PBMCs. Infliximab reduced only IL1B and TNF expression. Antibodies against TLR2 or TLR4 did not block the increases in IL1B or TNF expression, but endocytosis was required. THP-1 cells endocytosed higher levels of infliximab-TNF complexes than infliximab alone. CONCLUSIONS: In mice, we found ADA formation to increase with dose of infliximab given and concentration of infliximab-TNF complexes detected in blood. Based on studies of human intestinal tissues and blood samples, we propose that infliximab-TNF complexes formed in the intestine are endocytosed by and activate innate immune cells, which increase expression of IL1B and TNF and production of antibodies against the drug complex. It is therefore important to optimize the infliximab dose to a level that is effective but does not activate an innate immune response against the drug-TNF complex.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/sangue , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Infliximab/imunologia , Intestinos/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Endocitose , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/administração & dosagem , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/sangue , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab/administração & dosagem , Injeções Intravenosas , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células THP-1 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/administração & dosagem , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
12.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 216, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is still the most common malignant tumor that threatens the female's life in the world, especially triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), one of the most difficult subtypes. Lack of targeted therapies brings about urgent demand for novel treatments. In this study we aim to investigate the anti-tumor activity of Berberine (BBR), a Chinese plant-derived alkaloid, against the TNBC cell line MDA-MB-231 and elucidate its mechanism referring to anti-inflammation. METHODS: Cell inhibition rate was measured by Cell Proliferation Assay, the cytotoxic effects was detected by Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage assay, the colony formation and migration potential were evaluated by colony formation assay and wound healing assay, the release of inflammatory cytokines was detected by EMD multifactor detection, and alterations of proteins and genes related to the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway were analyzed using western blotting and real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). RESULTS: BBR reduce the viability of MDA-MB-231 cells and increased the release of LDH from the cells in a dose-dependent manner, with and inhibition of colony formation potential and migration of the cells. BBR also caused a marked reduction in the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, Interleukin-1α (IL-1α), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Besides, a down-regulated behavior was observed with the expression of P2X purinoceptor 7 (P2X7), NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-activation and recruitment domain (ASC), caspase-1 p20, Interleukin-18 (IL-18), IL-1ß proteins and NLRP3, Caspase-1 and ASC mRNAs in the NLRP3 inflammasome cascade. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed that BBR can effectively affect both tumor outgrowth and spontaneous metastasis in TNBC, and that we identified a new mechanism associated with inhibition the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway, suggesting its potential therapeutic relevance in clinical use.


Assuntos
Berberina/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/imunologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/imunologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 1/genética , Caspase 1/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamassomos/genética , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Interleucina-18/genética , Interleucina-18/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/fisiopatologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
13.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(2): 355-365, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: NLRP3 inflammasome activation has been reported to be an early mechanism responsible for glomerular inflammation and injury in obese mice. However, the precise mechanism of obesity-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation remains unknown. The present study explored whether adipokine visfatin mediates obesity-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and consequent podocyte injury. METHODS: Inflammasome formation and immunofluorescence expressions were quantified by confocal microscopy. Caspase-activity, IL-1ß production and VEGF concentrations were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Confocal microscopic analysis showed that visfatin treatment increased the colocalization of Nlrp3 with Asc or Nlrp3 with caspase-1 in podocytes indicating the formation of NLRP3 inflammasomes. This visfatin-induced NLRP3 inflammasome formation was abolished by pretreatment of podocytes with Asc siRNA. Correspondingly, visfatin treatment significantly increased the caspase-1 activity and IL-1ß production in podocytes, which was significantly attenuated by Asc siRNA transfection. Further RT-PCR and confocal microscopic analysis demonstrated that visfatin treatment significantly decreased the podocin expression (podocyte damage). Podocytes pretreatment with Asc siRNA or caspase-1 inhibitor, WEHD attenuated this visfatin-induced podocin reduction. Furthermore, Asc siRNA transfection was found to preserve podocyte morphology by maintaining the distinct arrangement of F-actin fibers normally lost in response to visfatin. It also prevented podocyte dysfunction by restoring visfatin-induced suppression of VEGF production and secretion. CONCLUSION: Visfatin induces NLRP3 inflammasome activation in podocytes and thereby resulting in podocyte injury.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/imunologia , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/imunologia , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/imunologia , Podócitos/imunologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Camundongos , Obesidade/imunologia , Obesidade/patologia , Podócitos/citologia , Podócitos/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/imunologia
14.
Inflamm Res ; 68(10): 889-900, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the participation of canonical Wnt and NF-κB signaling pathways in an experimental model of chronic arthritis induced by methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) in rat temporomandibular joint (TMJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were sensitized by mBSA+Complete Freund Adjuvant (CFA)/Incomplete Freund Adjuvant (IFA) on the first 14 days (1 ×/week). Subsequently, they received 1, 2 or 3 mBSA or saline solution injections into the TMJ (1 ×/week). Hypernociceptive threshold was assessed during the whole experimental period. 24 h after the mBSA injections, the TMJs were removed for histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses for TNF-α, IL-1ß, NF-κB, RANKL, Wnt-10b, ß-catenin and DKK1. RESULTS: The nociceptive threshold was significantly reduced after mBSA injections. An inflammatory infiltrate and thickening of the synovial membrane were observed only after mBSA booster injections. Immunolabeling of TNF-α, IL-1ß and Wnt-10b was increased in the synovial membrane in arthritic groups. The immunoexpression of nuclear ß-catenin was significantly higher only in the group that received 2 booster TMJ injections. However, NF-κB, RANKL and DKK1 immunoexpression were increased only in animals with 3 mBSA intra-articular injections. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that canonical Wnt and NF-κB signaling pathways participate in the hypernociception and inflammatory response in TMJ synovial membrane during the development of rheumatoid arthritis in rats.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/imunologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Hiperalgesia/imunologia , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Articulação Temporomandibular/imunologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Adjuvante de Freund , Hiperalgesia/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Lipídeos , Masculino , Ligante RANK/imunologia , Ratos Wistar , Soroalbumina Bovina , Membrana Sinovial/imunologia , Membrana Sinovial/patologia , Articulação Temporomandibular/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Proteínas Wnt/imunologia
15.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 863-870, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422178

RESUMO

Interleukins (ILs) are a subgroup of cytokines, which are molecules involved in the intercellular regulation of the immune system. These cytokines have been extensively studied in mammalian models, but systematic analyses of fish are limited. In the current study, 3 IL genes from golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) were characterized. The IL-1ß protein contains IL-1 family signature motif, and four long helices (αA - αD) in IL-11 and IL-34, which were well conserved. All 3 ILs clustered phylogenetically with their respective IL relatives in mammalian and other teleost species. Under normal physiological conditions, the expression of IL-1ß, IL-11, and IL-34 were detected at varied levels in the 11 tissues examined. Most of the 3 ILs examined were highly expressed in liver, spleen, kidney, gill, or skin. Following pathogenic bacterial, viral, or parasitic challenge, IL-1ß, IL-11, and IL-34 exhibited distinctly different expression profiles in a time-, tissue-, and pathogen-dependent manner. In general, IL-1ß was expressed at higher levels following challenge with all pathogens examined than was observed for IL-11 and IL-34. Furthermore, Streptococcus agalactiae and Cryptocaryon irritans caused higher levels of IL-1ß and IL-11 expression than Vibrio harveyi and viral nervous necrosis virus (VNNV). The increased expression of IL-34 caused by VNNV and C. irritans were higher than that caused by V. harveyi and S. agalactiae. These results suggest that these 3 ILs in T. ovatus may play different effect pathogen type specific responses.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Animais , Cilióforos/fisiologia , Infecções por Cilióforos/imunologia , Infecções por Cilióforos/veterinária , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Interleucina-11/genética , Interleucina-11/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/imunologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/veterinária , Streptococcus agalactiae/fisiologia , Vibrio/fisiologia , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrioses/veterinária
17.
Nat Immunol ; 20(9): 1138-1149, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427775

RESUMO

Interleukin (IL)-1R3 is the co-receptor in three signaling pathways that involve six cytokines of the IL-1 family (IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-33, IL-36α, IL-36ß and IL-36γ). In many diseases, multiple cytokines contribute to disease pathogenesis. For example, in asthma, both IL-33 and IL-1 are of major importance, as are IL-36 and IL-1 in psoriasis. We developed a blocking monoclonal antibody (mAb) to human IL-1R3 (MAB-hR3) and demonstrate here that this antibody specifically inhibits signaling via IL-1, IL-33 and IL-36 in vitro. Also, in three distinct in vivo models of disease (crystal-induced peritonitis, allergic airway inflammation and psoriasis), we found that targeting IL-1R3 with a single mAb to mouse IL-1R3 (MAB-mR3) significantly attenuated heterogeneous cytokine-driven inflammation and disease severity. We conclude that in diseases driven by multiple cytokines, a single antagonistic agent such as a mAb to IL-1R3 is a therapeutic option with considerable translational benefit.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Bloqueadores/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Proteína Acessória do Receptor de Interleucina-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Peritonite/imunologia , Pneumonia/imunologia , Psoríase/imunologia , Células A549 , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imiquimode/toxicidade , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-1/imunologia , Proteína Acessória do Receptor de Interleucina-1/imunologia , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-33/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ovalbumina/toxicidade , Peritonite/tratamento farmacológico , Peritonite/patologia , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/patologia , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Ácido Úrico/toxicidade
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(36): 10079-10088, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461286

RESUMO

Geraniin has been reported to possess potent anti-inflammatory properties and to modulate the macrophage polarization. This study sought to evaluate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of geraniin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation and neurobiological alternations as well as cognitive impairment. Daily intragastrical administration with geraniin (20 mg kg-1 day-1) for 14 days significantly prolonged the duration in the target quadrant (26.53 ± 2.03 versus 37.09 ± 3.27%; p < 0.05) and increased crossing-target number (1.93 ± 0.22 versus 3.08 ± 0.17; p < 0.01) in the probe test of LPS-treated mice. Geraniin also ameliorated LPS-elicited neural/synaptic impairments and decreased levels of LPS-induced Aß generation (p < 0.05), amyloid precursor protein (APP) (p < 0.05) and ß-site amyloid precursor protein cleavage enzyme 1 (BACE1) (p < 0.05). Furthermore, geraniin suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) (9.85 ± 0.58 versus 5.20 ± 0.52 pg/mg of protein; p < 0.01), interleukin (IL)-1ß (16.31 ± 0.67 versus 8.62 ± 0.46 pg/mg of protein; p < 0.01), and IL-6 (12.12 ± 0.45 versus 7.43 ± 0.32 pg/mg of protein; p < 0.05), and inhibited glial cell activation. Moreover, geraniin effectively polarized the microglia toward an anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. Further study revealed that geraniin targeted toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated signaling and decreased the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in BV-2 microglial cells. These results indicate that geraniin mitigates LPS-elicited neural/synaptic neurodegeneration, amyloidogenesis, neuroinflammation, and cognitive impairment and suggest geraniin as a therapeutic option for neuroinflammation-associated neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/administração & dosagem , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/imunologia , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/imunologia , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases , Disfunção Cognitiva/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/imunologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Neuroglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Neuroglia/imunologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
19.
Gastroenterology ; 157(6): 1572-1583.e8, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Transgenic mice (HBUS) that express the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligand HBEGF (heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor) and a constitutively active G protein-coupled receptor (US28) in intestinal epithelial cells develop serrated polyps in the cecum. Development of serrated polyps depends on the composition of the gut microbiota and is associated with bacterial invasion of the lamina propria, accompanied by induction of inflammation and up-regulation of interleukin 1 beta (IL1B) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 3 in the cecum. We investigated the mechanisms by which these changes contribute to development of serrated polyps. METHODS: We performed studies with C57BL/6 (control) and HBUS mice. To accelerate polyp development, we increased the exposure of the bacteria to the lamina propria by injecting HBUS mice with diphtheria toxin, which binds transgenic HBEGF expressed by the epithelial cells and causes apoptosis. Mice were given injections of IL1B-neutralizing antibody and the MMP inhibitor N-isobutyl-N-(4-methoxyphenylsulfonyl)glycyl hydroxamic acid. Intestinal tissues were collected from mice and analyzed by histology, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry. We examined fibroblast subsets in polyps using single-cell RNA sequencing. RESULTS: Administration of diphtheria toxin to HBUS mice accelerated development of serrated polyps (95% of treated mice developed polyps before 100 days of age, compared with 53% given vehicle). IL1B stimulated subsets of platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha+ (PDGRFA+) fibroblasts isolated from cecum, resulting in increased expression of MMP3. Neutralizing antibodies against IL1B or administration of the MMP inhibitor reduced the number of serrated polyps that formed in the HBUS mice. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis showed subsets of fibroblasts in serrated polyps that express genes that regulate matrix fibroblasts and inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: In studies of mice, we found that barrier breakdown and expression of inflammatory factors contribute to development of serrated polyps. Subsets of cecal PDGFRA+ fibroblasts are activated by release of IL1B from myeloid cells during the early stages of serrated polyp development. MMP3 produced by PDGFRA+ fibroblasts is important for serrated polyp development. Our findings confirm the functions of previously identified serrated polyp-associated molecules and indicate roles for immune and stromal cells in serrated polyp development.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/imunologia , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/imunologia , Ceco/citologia , Ceco/imunologia , Ceco/patologia , Toxina Diftérica/administração & dosagem , Toxina Diftérica/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Fibroblastos/imunologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Gefitinibe/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a EGF de Ligação à Heparina/genética , Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a EGF de Ligação à Heparina/metabolismo , Humanos , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/citologia , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/imunologia , Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 8810-8818, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318199

RESUMO

Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck is a popular fruit cultivated around the world, and its peels are sometimes used for the treatment of cough, abdominal pain, and indigestion in China. However, the peel is discarded after fruit consumption in most cases, and its chemical constituents and biological activities have not been validated before. The present study focused on evaluation of the chemical and pharmacological profile of coumarins from peels of C. grandis against inflammation. The extracts and phytochemicals from peels of C. grandis were prepared, and anti-inflammatory activities were carried out in vivo and in vitro, including inhibiting xylene-induced ear edema and carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice and the production of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1ß, prostaglandin 2, and tumor-necrosis factor α) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Results indicated that methanolic extract, ethyl acetate fraction, and four major coumarins (compounds 7, 8, 13, and 16) inhibited swelling induced by xylene and carrageenan, separately, in vivo. Furthermore, 18 coumarins inhibited inflammatory factor secretion in macrophages primed by LPS, in which compounds 4, 6, 7, 10, 17 showed the most pronounced change, which were comparable to dexamethasone. In summary, peel of C. grandis showed an anti-inflammatory effect and coumarin compounds were responsible for regulating inflammatory mediators and cytokines, which might provide a novel nutritional strategy for inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Citrus/química , Cumarínicos/administração & dosagem , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Frutas/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Dinoprostona/imunologia , Edema/genética , Edema/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Resíduos/análise
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA