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1.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 34(1): e22412, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714645

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of hematopoietic stem cells with a rapid progression. The progression of AML can be regulated by estrogenic signals. Our present data showed that an industrial endocrine-disrupting chemical, bisphenol A (BPA), can promote the proliferation of AML cells and decrease their sensitivity to daunorubicin and cytarabine treatment. Among the tested cytokines, BPA treatment can decrease the expression of interleukin-4 (IL-4) while increasing the expression of IL-6. Overexpression of IL-4 or neutralization antibody of IL-6 (anti-IL-6) can attenuate BPA-induced proliferation of AML cells and reverse BPA-suppressed chemosensitivity. Furthermore, activation of nuclear factor kappa B is essential for BPA-induced upregulation of IL-6 in AML cells. As to IL-4, BPA can increase the expression of NFAT1 to inhibit its transcription. Collectively, our data showed that BPA can trigger the malignancy of AML cells via regulation of IL-4 and IL-6.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Estrogênios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Células U937
2.
Immunity ; 51(6): 1102-1118.e7, 2019 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757673

RESUMO

Young children are more susceptible to developing allergic asthma than adults. As neural innervation of the peripheral tissue continues to develop after birth, neurons may modulate tissue inflammation in an age-related manner. Here we showed that sympathetic nerves underwent a dopaminergic-to-adrenergic transition during post-natal development of the lung in mice and humans. Dopamine signaled through a specific dopamine receptor (DRD4) to promote T helper 2 (Th2) cell differentiation. The dopamine-DRD4 pathway acted synergistically with the cytokine IL-4 by upregulating IL-2-STAT5 signaling and reducing inhibitory histone trimethylation at Th2 gene loci. In murine models of allergen exposure, the dopamine-DRD4 pathway augmented Th2 inflammation in the lungs of young mice. However, this pathway operated marginally after sympathetic nerves became adrenergic in the adult lung. Taken together, the communication between dopaminergic nerves and CD4+ T cells provides an age-related mechanism underlying the susceptibility to allergic inflammation in the early lung.


Assuntos
Neurônios Adrenérgicos/citologia , Asma/patologia , Dopamina/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/citologia , Pulmão/patologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Animais , Asma/imunologia , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurogênese/fisiologia , Receptores de Dopamina D4/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/citologia
3.
Toxicol Lett ; 316: 147-153, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520700

RESUMO

Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease which severely reduces the quality of life in patients. Studies have demonstrated that both PM2.5 and cold stress contribute to the development of asthma. However, the combined effects of these two risking factors are unknown. In this study, we investigated the combined effects of PM2.5 exposure and cold stress (PMCS) on asthma, as well as the underlying mechanisms by using a murine model. After different exposures, the immune-pathological changes and redox states in groups were evaluated. Besides, the balance of TH1/TH2 cells and the acetylation levels of H3K9 and H3K14 in IL-4 gene promotor were detected. Our results showed that, compared with other exposures, PMCS led to an increased inflammation and redox levels in mice. It also significantly increased the percentage of TH2 T cells, which was correlated with hyperacetylation of H3K9 and H3K14 in IL-4 gene promoter in CD4+T cells. Furthermore, a significantly increased P300 and decreased HDAC1 were detected in CD4 + T cells in PMCS group. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that PMCS exacerbated asthma in mice by increasing H3K9 and H3K14 acetylation in IL-4 gene promoter in CD4 + T cells, and P300 and HDAC1 might contribute to their combined effects.


Assuntos
Asma/induzido quimicamente , Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Histonas/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetilação , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/imunologia , Asma/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 1/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina , Tamanho da Partícula , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(43): 11911-11921, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475818

RESUMO

Red algae sulfated polysaccharides (RASP) were extracted from Porphyra haitanensis and Gracilaria lemaneiformis. RASP were applied to effervescent tablets to develop a type of functional food, termed red algae sulfated polysaccharide effervescent tablets (RASPET), based on the antiallergic activities of RASP. The antiallergic activities and the mechanisms of RASPET were investigated in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse model of food allergy. The results revealed that RASPET alleviated intestinal villi injury by scanning electron microscopy and anaphylactic symptoms; reduced OVA-specific immunoglobulin E, histamine, and mast cell protease-1 levels in the serum; reduced the level of serum interleukin-4; increased serum interferon-γ level; and decreased B cell and mast cell populations. Remarkably, RASPET increased the levels of serum interleukin-10, transforming growth factor-ß, and upregulated splenic CD4+foxp3+ T cell populations (15.28, 16.82, and 17.58%, respectively) compared to the OVA group (13.17%). In conclusion, RASPET attenuated OVA-induced anaphylaxis via the upregulation of regulatory T cells.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/tratamento farmacológico , Antialérgicos/administração & dosagem , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Rodófitas/química , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Anafilaxia/etiologia , Anafilaxia/imunologia , Animais , Antialérgicos/química , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Histamina/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Polissacarídeos/química , Comprimidos/administração & dosagem , Comprimidos/química
5.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(10): 1040-1047, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414895

RESUMO

The helper T cell 9 (Thelper-9, Th9), as a functional subgroup of CD4+T cells, was first discovered in 2008. Th9 cells expressed transcription factor PU.1 and cytokine interleukin-9 (IL-9) characteristically. Recent researches have shown that the differentiation of Th9 cells was coregulated by cytokine transforming growth factor ß, IL-4, and various transcription factors. Th9 cells, as a new player, played an important role in various immune-related diseases, including tumors, inflammatory diseases, parasite infection, and other diseases. In this article, we summarize the related research progress and discuss the possible prospect.


Assuntos
Interleucina-9/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Transativadores/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/deficiência , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Inflamação , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-9/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/patologia , Transativadores/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(15): 7008-7015, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Silkworm droppings have long been used in traditional medicine to remedy allergic itching, palsy, blood circulation problems, and arthritis in Asian countries. To investigate the anti-allergic effect of silkworm dropping extract (SDE) and its mechanism, we used a mouse model of food allergy induced by ovalbumin (OVA). RESULTS: SDE ameliorated the symptoms of OVA-induced food allergies, and the levels of T helper 2 (Th2)-related cytokines [such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13] were found to be significantly decreased in both the spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes by SDE. Furthermore, SDE treatment directly inhibited OVA permeation, IL-4 production, and degranulation of mast cells; in contrast, immunoglobulin E (IgE) production from B cells was not affected. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that SDE has potential anti-allergic activities, and SDE may be useful in the treatment/prevention of allergic disorders such as food allergies, serving as therapeutic agents. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos/administração & dosagem , Bombyx/química , Fezes/química , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/tratamento farmacológico , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antialérgicos/química , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/genética , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Células Th2/imunologia
7.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426284

RESUMO

Allergic disease is one of the most important and common health problems worldwide. We have previously demonstrated that a fig leaf-derived lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus (Lb.) paracasei IJH-SONE68 produces a novel exopolysaccharide (EPS). Furthermore, we have shown that the EPS inhibits the catalytic activity of hyaluronidase (EC 3.2.1.36) promoting inflammatory reactions. To evaluate the anti-allergy and anti-inflammatory effects of the EPS, in the present study, we employed the picryl-chloride-induced delayed-type (type IV) allergy model mice, which is used to evaluate the contact dermatitis. Oral administration of the EPS was observed to reduce the ear swelling in the model mice. We also observed that the overexpression of ear interleukin-4 (T helper (Th) 2 cytokine) mRNA and the increase in serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) are repressed. However, the expression of interferon-γ (Th1 cytokine) was not accelerated in all of the allergen-challenged model mice. The improvement may be responsible for the Th2 downregulation rather than the Th1 upregulation. In addition, the symptom of immediate-type (type I) allergy model mice was improved by oral administration of the IJH-SONE68 cell (data not shown). We can conclude that the IJH-SONE68-derived EPS is useful to improve the type I and IV allergies including atopic dermatitis.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Dermatite de Contato/prevenção & controle , Fármacos Dermatológicos/farmacologia , Lactobacillus paracasei/química , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Alérgenos/imunologia , Alérgenos/metabolismo , Animais , Antialérgicos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Dermatite de Contato/etiologia , Dermatite de Contato/imunologia , Dermatite de Contato/patologia , Fármacos Dermatológicos/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Orelha , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/imunologia , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/genética , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Lactobacillus paracasei/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Cloreto de Picrila/administração & dosagem , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
8.
Glycoconj J ; 36(5): 399-408, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267246

RESUMO

Even though a vaccine that targets tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens on epithelial carcinoma cells presents an attractive therapeutic approach, relatively poor immunogenicity limits its development. In this study, we investigated the immunological activity of a fluoro-substituted Sialyl-Tn (F-STn) analogue coupled to the non-toxic cross-reactive material of diphtheria toxin197 (CRM197). Our results indicate that F-STn-CRM197 promotes a greater immunogenicity than non-fluorinated STn-CRM197. In the presence or absence of adjuvant, F-STn-CRM197 remarkably enhances both cellular and humoral immunity against STn by increasing antigen-specific lymphocyte proliferation and inducing a mixed Th1/Th2 response leading to production of IFN-γ and IL-4 cytokines, as well as STn-specific antibodies. Furthermore, antisera produced from F-STn-CRM197 immunization significantly recognizes STn-positive tumor cells and increases cancer cell lysis induced by antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) or complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) pathways. Our data suggest that this F-STn vaccine may be useful for cancer immunotherapy and possibly for prophylactic prevention of cancer.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/farmacologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Glicoconjugados/farmacologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/síntese química , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Glicoconjugados/síntese química , Glicoconjugados/imunologia , Halogenação , Humanos , Soros Imunes/química , Soros Imunes/farmacologia , Imunidade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Humoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunização , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/imunologia , Equilíbrio Th1-Th2
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(31): 27536-27547, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294958

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is a traditional method for cancer therapy but may become ineffective likely due to the radiation-induced immunosuppression. Instead of simply increasing the radiation dose, reactivation of immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment is an alternative strategy for successful cancer treatment. In this work, we synthesized bismuth sulfide nanoparticles (BiNP) and conjugated with immunoactive Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (GLP). GLP-BiNP were able to increase the sensitivity of radiotherapy, attributing to the efficient X-ray absorption of bismuth element. BiNP alone can mildly activate dendritic cells (DC) in vitro, while GLP-BiNP further enhanced the level of DC maturation, shown as the increase in phenotypic maturation markers, cytokine release, acid phosphatase activity, and T cell proliferation in DC/T cell co-culture. Compared to BiNP, GLP-BiNP altered the tissue distribution with faster accumulation in the tumor. Meanwhile, mature DC greatly increased in both tumor and spleen by GLP-BiNP within 24 h. GLP-BiNP combination with radiation achieved remarkable inhibition of tumor growth through apoptosis. Alternatively, lung metastasis was largely prohibited by GLP-BiNP, shown as a reduced amount of tumor nodules and cancer cell invasion by pathological findings. Mechanistically, GLP-BiNP altered the tumor immunosuppression microenvironment by preferably increasing the number of intratumor CD8+ T cell proliferation, as well as the improved immunobalance shown as the increased serum interferon-γ/interleukin-4 ratio. Specifically, GLP conjugation seemed to protect the kidney from injury occasionally introduced by bare BiNP. As a result, GLP-BiNP play a dual role in tumor treatment through radiosensitization and immunoactivities.


Assuntos
Bismuto , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/radioterapia , Radiossensibilizantes , Reishi/química , Sulfetos , Animais , Bismuto/química , Bismuto/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Feminino , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/química , Polissacarídeos Fúngicos/farmacologia , Imunidade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Celular/efeitos da radiação , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células NIH 3T3 , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Radiossensibilizantes/química , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Sulfetos/química , Sulfetos/farmacologia
10.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1519-1531, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277021

RESUMO

Some basic research has shown that nanomaterials can aggravate allergic asthma. However, its potential mechanism is insufficient. Based on the research that alumina nanopowder (nAl2O3) has been reported to cause lung tissue damage, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between nAl2O3 and allergic asthma as well as its molecular mechanism. In this study, Balb/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) to construct the allergic asthma model while intratracheally administered 0.5, 5 or 50 mg kg-1·day-1 nAl2O3 for 3 weeks. It was observed that exposure to nAl2O3 exacerbated airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), airway remodeling, and inflammation cell infiltration, leading to lung function damage in mice. Results revealed that nAl2O3 could increase ROS levels and decrease GSH levels in lung tissue, promote the increases of the T-IgE, TGF-ß, IL-1ß and IL-6 levels, stimulate the overexpression of transcription factors GATA-3 and RORγt, decrease the levels of IFN-γ and IL-10 and increase the levels of IL-4 and IL-17A, resulting in the imbalance of Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 immune responses. In addition, antioxidant Vitamin E (Vit E) could alleviate asthma-like symptoms through blocking oxidative stress. The study displayed that exposure of nAl2O3 deteriorated allergic asthma through promoting the imbalances of Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Asma/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitamina E/farmacologia , Óxido de Alumínio/toxicidade , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/imunologia , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
11.
Nat Immunol ; 20(8): 992-1003, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263279

RESUMO

Here we identify a group 2 innate lymphoid cell (ILC2) subpopulation that can convert into interleukin-17 (IL-17)-producing NKp44- ILC3-like cells. c-Kit and CCR6 define this ILC2 subpopulation that exhibits ILC3 features, including RORγt, enabling the conversion into IL-17-producing cells in response to IL-1ß and IL-23. We also report a role for transforming growth factor-ß in promoting the conversion of c-Kit- ILC2s into RORγt-expressing cells by inducing the upregulation of IL23R, CCR6 and KIT messenger RNA in these cells. This switch was dependent on RORγt and the downregulation of GATA-3. IL-4 was able to reverse this event, supporting a role for this cytokine in maintaining ILC2 identity. Notably, this plasticity has physiological relevance because a subset of RORγt+ ILC2s express the skin-homing receptor CCR10, and the frequencies of IL-17-producing ILC3s are increased at the expense of ILC2s within the lesional skin of patients with psoriasis.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17/imunologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Psoríase/patologia , Pele/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Subunidade p19 da Interleucina-23/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Linfócitos/citologia , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/metabolismo , Psoríase/imunologia , Receptores CCR10/metabolismo , Pele/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
12.
Infect Immun ; 87(10)2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308085

RESUMO

The development of effective malaria vaccines is hampered by incomplete understanding of the immunological correlates of protective immunity. Recently, the moderate clinical efficacy of the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP)-based RTS,S/AS01E vaccine in phase 3 studies highlighted the urgency to design and test more efficacious next-generation malaria vaccines. In this study, we report that immunization with recombinant CSP from Plasmodium yoelii (rPyCSP), when delivered in Montanide ISA 51, induced sterilizing immunity against sporozoite challenge in C57BL/6 and BALB/c strains of mice. This immunity was antibody dependent, as evidenced by the complete loss of immunity in B-cell-knockout (KO) mice and by the ability of immune sera to neutralize sporozoite infectivity in mice. Th2-type isotype IgG1 antibody levels were associated with protective immunity. The fact that immunized gamma interferon (IFN-γ)-KO mice and wild-type (WT) mice have similar levels of protective immunity and the absence of IFN-γ-producing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in protected mice, as shown by flow cytometry, indicate that the immunity is IFN-γ independent. Protection against sporozoite challenge correlated with higher frequencies of CD4+ T cells that express interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). In the RTS,S study, clinical immunity was associated with higher IgG levels and frequencies of IL-2- and TNF-α-producing CD4+ T cells. The other hallmarks of immunity in our study included an increased number of follicular B cells but a loss in follicular T helper cells. These results provide an excellent model system to evaluate the efficacy of novel adjuvants and vaccine dosage and determine the correlates of immunity in the search for superior malaria vaccine candidates.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/biossíntese , Imunoglobulina G/biossíntese , Vacinas Antimaláricas/biossíntese , Malária/prevenção & controle , Plasmodium yoelii/imunologia , Proteínas de Protozoários/administração & dosagem , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/parasitologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/parasitologia , Feminino , Imunização , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-2/genética , Interleucina-2/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Malária/genética , Malária/imunologia , Malária/parasitologia , Vacinas Antimaláricas/administração & dosagem , Manitol/administração & dosagem , Manitol/análogos & derivados , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Ácidos Oleicos/administração & dosagem , Oligodesoxirribonucleotídeos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Vacinas de Subunidades
13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 6012473, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341902

RESUMO

Objective: Studying correlative changes of Th1/Th2 (Th, Helper T cells) related factor Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and Interleukin-4 (IL-4) in the progression of radiation pneumonia (RP) rats and the efficacy of Shashen-Maidong decoction on these indexes to explore the immune mechanism of the decoction on the prevention and treatment of RP. Methods: Male 60 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups. In addition to the normal control group taking saline, the other rats were set up RP model treated with Shashen-Maidong decoction or dexamethasone (DXM), respectively. The IFN-γ and IL-4 concentrations in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of rats were tested in the 2nd and 4th week after radiation, and the relative ratio of IFN-γ/IL-4 was calculated. Results: (1) There was significant difference of serum IL-4 concentrations in group B (p<0.01) and extreme difference in groups C and D (p<0.001) compared with group A in 4th week. Compared with group D, IL-4 concentrations in group B increased significantly in both 2nd and 4th week (p<0.01). Group B had significantly decreased IFN-γ concentrations in BALF (p<0.001) compared with group D in the 4th week. And IFN-γ concentrations in BALF in group B were increased compared with group C in the 4th week (p<0.05). (2) There was no difference of the relative ratio of IFN-γ/IL-4 at each time in groups B and A for both serum and BALF, while the ratios in groups C and D in 4th week in BALF were increased (p<0.05) compared to group A. Conclusion: Shashen-Maidong decoction can improve the immune function of RP rats by increasing IFN-γ concentration and decreasing IL-4 concentration, possibly by increasing the relative ratio of IFN-γ/IL-4 to regulate the immune imbalance of Th1/Th2.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/imunologia , Pneumonite por Radiação/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Animais , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Masculino , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/patologia , Pneumonite por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonite por Radiação/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células Th1/patologia , Células Th2/patologia
14.
Environ Toxicol ; 34(10): 1121-1128, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240852

RESUMO

meta-Xylene (m-xylene) is one of three isomers of xylene, which is widely used as a solvent and detergent in various industries and medical technology. Exposure to volatile organic compounds, such as m-xylene, causes pulmonary inflammation and airway inflammation, thereby contributing to the onset of asthma. Exposure to m-xylene increases acute wheezing and intensity of asthma symptom. However, the mechanism of the onset of asthma by m-xylene has not been studied yet. C57BL/6 mice were sensitized and challenged by m-xylene at 100 or 300 mg/kg. The mice were then sacrificed after the last challenge. Exposure to m-xylene increased the total number of inflammatory cells and the production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13, and immunoglobulin E related to the Th2 immune response. In contrast, the production of interferon-γ related to the Th1 immune response was decreased. In addition, the airway resistance increased according to the airway hyper-responsiveness measurements. Finally, a histological analysis revealed infiltration of inflammatory cells, mucus production, and lung fibrosis. These results suggest that m-xylene is a potential risk factor for asthma and the onset of asthma is caused by TH2 cytokines.


Assuntos
Asma/induzido quimicamente , Citocinas/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Xilenos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(5): 741-750, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217742

RESUMO

Autophagy plays a critical role in the regulation of innate and adaptive immune responses to pathogens and tumors. A previous study utilized proteasome and lysosome inhibitors to form autophagosomes (DRibbles) and the effect of dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with DRibbles in activating antigen-specific T cells has been demonstrated in a mouse experiment and human IL-4-DC. In this study, CMV-DRibbles derived from MDA cell lines expressing cytomegalovirus (CMV) pp65 protein were loaded onto human IFN-DC and IL-4-DC derived from monocytes, respectively. We observed that CMV-DRibbles resulted in the up-regulation of HLA-DR, CD11c, and CD83, but not co-stimulatory molecules CD 80 and CD86 on IFN-DC. Meanwhile, the expression of HLA-DR, CD80, CD83, and CD86, except for CD11c on IL-4-DC loaded with CMV-DRibbles were up-regulated. Moreover, CMV-DRibbles had no ability to stimulate these two moDCs to secrete cytokines IL-6, IL-1ß and IL-10. Then, we optimized the conditions for antigen up-take by DCs and found that mature moDCs had a superior ability to up-take CMV-DRibbles compared with immature DCs in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the efficiency of CMV-DRibbles up-take by IFN-DC was superior compared to IL-4-DC. Finally, we observed that mIFN-DC was significantly more efficient at stimulating autologous CMV-specific CD4+ T cells (0.39 vs. 0.28 %, p<0.05) and CD8+ T cells (0.36 vs. 0.12%, p<0.05) to secrete IFN-γ compared with mIL-4-DC. Therefore, DRibbles containing specific viral antigens were efficient activators of human antigen-specific T cells. Our results demonstrated that IFN-DC loaded with CMV-DRibbles revealed a superior ability to induce CMV-specific T cells.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética , Autofagossomos/imunologia , Autofagia/genética , Doadores de Sangue , Vacinas Anticâncer/genética , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/imunologia
16.
J Biosci ; 44(2)2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180054

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine whether exposure to particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) affects the immune tolerance of neonatal mice via the regulation of PD-L1 expression. One-week-old BALB/c mice were exposed to PM2.5 for 8 days. From day 8 to day 18, the mice were treated with 5 µg house dust mite (HDM) (i. n.) every two days. Adenovirus-carried PD-L1 overexpression vectors were infected into mice via nasal inhalation 6 days after exposure to PM2.5. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) was examined in mice 19 days after exposure to PM2.5, and the related parameters of airway inflammation were studied on day 22. Co-exposure to PM2.5 and HDM reduced PD-L1 expression but greatly increased infiltration of inflammatory cells, which was reversed by PD-L1 overexpression. Co-exposure to PM2.5 and HDM also elevated serum IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13 levels and reduced TGF-ß level. Exposure to PM2.5 alone slightly increased the numbers of dendritic cells (DCs) but reduced the numbers of antigen-presenting cells expressing PD-L1 and Treg cells. Therefore, early exposure to PM2.5 reduced PD-L1 expression in the lungs of neonatal mice, which interfered with immune tolerance establishment and subsequently resulted in allergic airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolerância Imunológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Material Particulado/administração & dosagem , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/imunologia , Adenoviridae/genética , Adenoviridae/imunologia , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/administração & dosagem , Vetores Genéticos/química , Vetores Genéticos/imunologia , Interleucina-13/genética , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pyroglyphidae/química , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/induzido quimicamente , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/genética , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia
17.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216893, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120919

RESUMO

CD4+ effector/memory T cells (Tem) represent a leading edge of the adaptive immune system responsible for protecting the body from infection, cancer, and other damaging processes. However, a subset of Tem cells with low expression of CD45Rb (RbLoTem) has been shown to suppress inflammation despite their effector surface phenotype and the lack of FoxP3 expression, the canonical transcription factor found in most regulatory T cells. In this report, we show that RbLoTem cells can suppress inflammation by influencing Treg behavior. Co-culturing activated RbLoTem and Tregs induced high expression of IL-10 in vitro, and conditioned media from RbLoTem cells induced IL-10 expression in FoxP3+ Tregs in vitro and in vivo, indicating that RbLoTem cells communicate with Tregs in a cell-contact independent fashion. Transcriptomic and multi-analyte Luminex data identified both IL-2 and IL-4 as potential mediators of RbLoTem-Treg communication, and antibody-mediated neutralization of either IL-4 or CD124 (IL-4Rα) prevented IL-10 induction in Tregs. Moreover, isolated Tregs cultured with recombinant IL-2 and IL-4 strongly induced IL-10 production. Using house dust mite (HDM)-induced airway inflammation as a model, we confirmed that the in vivo suppressive activity of RbLoTem cells was lost in IL-4-ablated RbLoTem cells. These data support a model in which RbLoTem cells communicate with Tregs using a combination of IL-2 and IL-4 to induce robust expression of IL-10 and suppression of inflammation.


Assuntos
Asma/imunologia , Comunicação Celular/imunologia , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/imunologia , Modelos Imunológicos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Asma/genética , Asma/patologia , Comunicação Celular/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-2/genética , Interleucina-2/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Pyroglyphidae/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia
18.
Immunology ; 157(4): 304-311, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141166

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common but dangerous complication in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We hypothesized that dysregulation in the T helper type 17 (Th17) compartment could contribute to the development of COPD-associated PH (COPD-PH). To investigate this hypothesis, patients with COPD-PH and age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited, and their circulating CD4+ T cells were activated using anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies. The frequency of interleukin-17 (IL-17) -secreting cells was significantly higher in COPD-PH patients than in healthy controls. The secretion of IL-17 was significantly higher from COPD-PH CD4+ T cells than from control CD4+ T cells, whereas the secretion of interferon-γ and IL-4 was not significantly different. The expression of transforming growth factor-ß, on the other hand, was significantly higher in healthy controls than in COPD-PH patients. Activated CD4+ T cells from COPD-PH patients also presented significantly lower forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) and higher retinoic acid receptor-related orphan C2 (RORC2) expression than CD4+ T cells from healthy controls. In both controls and patients, a negative correlation between RORC2 and FOXP3 was found, ex vivo and after CD3/CD28 activation. The serum IL-6 level was slightly higher in COPD-PH patients than in controls, but the IL-6 transcription by monocytes was comparable in COPD-PH patients and controls. Interestingly, CD4+ T cells from COPD-PH patients presented significantly higher levels of Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog and neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog than CD4+ T cells from healthy controls. Inhibiting Ras-GTPases using farnesylthiosalicylic acid significantly reduced the ratio of RORC2/FOXP3 expression in CD4+ T cells. Overall, we demonstrated that an imbalance of Th17/regulatory T cells was a hallmark of COPD-PH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/imunologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/imunologia , Proteínas ras/imunologia , Idoso , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Membro 3 do Grupo F da Subfamília 1 de Receptores Nucleares/imunologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Células Th17 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
19.
J Immunol ; 203(2): 476-484, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142604

RESUMO

Eosinophils are present in muscle lesions associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and dystrophin-deficient mdx mice that phenocopy this disorder. Although it has been hypothesized that eosinophils promote characteristic inflammatory muscle damage, this has not been fully examined. In this study, we generated mice with the dystrophin mutation introduced into PHIL, a strain with a transgene that directs lineage-specific eosinophil ablation. We also explored the impact of eosinophil overabundance on dystrophinopathy by introducing the dystrophin mutation into IL-5 transgenic mice. We evaluated the degree of eosinophil infiltration in association with myofiber size distribution, centralized nuclei, serum creatine kinase, and quantitative histopathology scores. Among our findings, eosinophils were prominent in the quadriceps muscles of 4-wk-old male mdx mice but no profound differences were observed in the quantitative measures of muscle damage when comparing mdx versus mdx.PHIL versus mdx.IL5tg mice, despite dramatic differences in eosinophil infiltration (CD45+CD11c-Gr1-MHC class IIloSiglecF+ eosinophils at 1.2 ± 0.34% versus <0.1% versus 20 ± 7.6% of total cells, respectively). Further evaluation revealed elevated levels of eosinophil chemoatttractants eotaxin-1 and RANTES in the muscle tissue of all three dystrophin-deficient strains; eotaxin-1 concentration in muscle correlated inversely with age. Cytokines IL-4 and IL-1R antagonist were also detected in association with eosinophils in muscle. Taken together, our findings challenge the long-held perception of eosinophils as cytotoxic in dystrophin-deficient muscle; we show clearly that eosinophil infiltration is not a driving force behind acute muscle damage in the mdx mouse strain. Ongoing studies will focus on the functional properties of eosinophils in this unique microenvironment.


Assuntos
Eosinófilos/imunologia , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/imunologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Distrofina/imunologia , Feminino , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos mdx , Músculo Esquelético/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina-1/imunologia
20.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 311(7): 563-571, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127384

RESUMO

When anti-acne alternatives from dietary and plant sources are ingested, systemic alterations of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-12 and interferon (IFN)-γ, individually or simultaneously, are induced at a 0.1-10.0-fold (×) range of normal physiological concentrations (1×). However, little is known about the effects of these cytokines on excess sebum, a pathophysiological factor of acne development. In this study, human sebocytes were treated with 0.1-10.0× of IL-4, IL-10, IL-12 and IFN-γ for 3 or 5 days to elucidate the effects on lipid content. Treatment with individual cytokines decreased the lipid content at specific concentrations rather than in a concentration-dependent manner. Specifically, 5.0× of IL-4, 5.0× of IFN-γ (5.0IFN), and 0.5×, 5.0× and 10.0× of IL-10 for 3 days, and 0.5× of IL-4 (0.5IL4) for 5 days decreased lipid content to 87.6-93.0% of the control. Treatment with other concentrations of IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-γ, and 0.1-10.0× of IL-12 did not alter lipid content. Combined treatment with 0.5IL4, 5.0IFN and 0.5× of IL-10 for 3 or 5 days decreased the lipid content more than each individual treatment. However, this effect was more evident after 3 days, in parallel with decreased levels of triglycerides, cholesterol esters and free fatty acids, the major lipid compositions of sebocytes, and decreased protein expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and mature sterol response element-binding protein-1 (SREBP-1), the lipogenesis-related factors, without altered cell proliferation. We demonstrated that suppressed IL-4 and IL-10 with enhanced IFN-γ synergistically decreased lipid content and protein expression of FAS and mature SREBP-1 in human sebocytes.


Assuntos
Ácido Graxo Sintases/metabolismo , Glândulas Sebáceas/metabolismo , Sebo/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo , Acne Vulgar/dietoterapia , Acne Vulgar/imunologia , Acne Vulgar/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Lipídeos/análise , Lipogênese/imunologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Glândulas Sebáceas/citologia , Glândulas Sebáceas/imunologia , Sebo/química , Sebo/imunologia
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