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1.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 63(1): 16-21, 2021.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537969

RESUMO

Background The COVID-19 pandemic changes the training of residents and could offer new opportunities. Aim Gaining insight in the effects of the impact of the COVID-19-pandemic on psychiatry residents. Method A digital questionnaire was designed to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on educational activities. The experience of residents with regards to safety in the workplace, social cohesion with their peers and the involvement of supervisors were examined. Results We approached 34 training institutions. 24 chief residents of the resident group completed the questionnaire. The quality of regional education was considered unchanged by 20% and local education by 33%. Digital communication increased the participation of psychiatrists in the general report and education activities and ensured less travel time. Nevertheless, respondents missed contact with their peers, safety of residents was compromised at five institutions and half of all respondents indicated a lack of personal protective equipment. Conclusions A majority of the psychiatry residents are satisfied with their training during this historic pandemic, but the quality of local and regional education was considered changed, and not being beneficial. The challenge remains for stimulating contact with peers, monitoring the quality of education in general as in psychotherapy and providing personal protective equipment. Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie 63(2021)1, 16-21.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Psiquiatria/educação , Humanos , Países Baixos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Surg Res ; 257: A1-A11, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768197

RESUMO

The issue of burnout among surgical trainees became evident during our work on the FIRST Trial. In studying the issue, we found that burnout symptoms occurred in a relatively large proportion of surgical trainees, and burnout was associated with significant risks of having thoughts of leaving the residency program or having suicidal thoughts. The SECOND Trial seeks to reduce trainee wellbeing and mistreatment by leveraging approaches used in healthcare quality performance improvement (e.g., comparative reports, toolkits, collaboration). Importantly, the epidemic of surgical trainee wellbeing issues have worsened (i.e., fanning the burnout fire) given our misconceptions about generational differences, our delayed adaptations to shifts in healthcare, and even some of our good intentions. However, there are several things we can do to improve the situation: (1) embrace the change that comes with each generation; (2) appreciate, respect, and enjoy our trainees; (3) teach residents constructively, leaving yelling and bullying behind; (4) embrace the concept of wellness for ourselves and each other; (5) provide meaningful feedback and mentorship; and (6) give each other the benefit of the doubt (e.g., principle of charity). Despite these issues, academic surgery remains the best job in the world, and the strength of our profession, leaders, and colleagues will see us through these challenges. The Association for Academic Surgery will help lead the way on these important issues.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Sociedades Médicas , Cirurgiões/tendências , Ensino/psicologia , Ensino/tendências
5.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E396-E408, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The scope of practice of general surgeons in Canada is highly variable. The objective of this study was to examine the demographic characteristics of general surgeons in Canada and compare surgical procedures performed across community sizes and specialties. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's National Physician Database were used to analyze fee-for-service (FFS) care provided by general surgeons and other providers across Canada in 2015/16. RESULTS: Across 8 Canadian provinces, 1669 general surgeons provided FFS care. The majority of the surgeons worked in communities with more than 100 000 residents (71%), were male (78%), were aged 35-54 years (56%) and were Canadian medical graduates (76%). Only 7% of general surgeons practised in rural areas and 14% in communities with between 10 000 and 50 000 residents. Rural communities were significantly more likely to have surgeons who were international medical graduates or who were older than 65 years. The surgical procedures most commonly performed by general surgeons were hernia repairs, gallbladder and biliary tree surgery, excision of skin tumours, colon and intestine resections and breast surgery. Many general surgeons performed procedures not listed in their Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada training objectives. CONCLUSION: Canadian general surgeons provide a wide array of surgical services, and practice patterns vary by community size. Surgeons practising in rural and small communities require proficiency in skills not routinely taught in general surgery residency. Opportunities to acquire these skills should be available in training to prepare surgeons to meet the care needs of Canadians.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Âmbito da Prática/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Canadá , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Cirurgia Geral/economia , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Serviços de Saúde Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Rural/tendências , Cirurgiões/economia , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação
6.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(11): 473-475, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121566

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted pharmacists in a variety of ways, including increased workloads, reduced hours, and ever-changing recommendations for managing this unique infection. Trainees, both students and residents, have also dealt with numerous challenges and changes during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Educação em Farmácia/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Carga de Trabalho
8.
Pain Physician ; 23(4S): S367-S380, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The unexpected COVID-19 crisis has disrupted medical education and patient care in unprecedented ways. Despite the challenges, the health-care system and patients have been both creative and resilient in finding robust "temporary" solutions to these challenges. It is not clear if some of these COVID-era transitional steps will be preserved in the future of medical education and telemedicine. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this commentary is to address the sometimes substantial changes in medical education, continuing medical education (CME) activities, residency and fellowship programs, specialty society meetings, and telemedicine, and to consider the value of some of these profound shifts to "business as usual" in the health-care sector. METHODS: This is a commentary is based on the limited available literature, online information, and the front-line experiences of the authors. RESULTS: COVID-19 has clearly changed residency and fellowship programs by limiting the amount of hands-on time physicians could spend with patients. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medicine Education has endorsed certain policy changes to promote greater flexibility in programs but still rigorously upholds specific standards. Technological interventions such as telemedicine visits with patients, virtual meetings with colleagues, and online interviews have been introduced, and many trainees are "techno-omnivores" who are comfortable using a variety of technology platforms and techniques. Webinars and e-learning are gaining traction now, and their use, practicality, and cost-effectiveness may make them important in the post-COVID era. CME activities have migrated increasingly to virtual events and online programs, a trend that may also continue due to its practicality and cost-effectiveness. While many medical meetings of specialty societies have been postponed or cancelled altogether, technology allows for virtual meetings that may offer versatility and time-saving opportunities for busy clinicians. It may be that future medical meetings embrace a hybrid approach of blending digital with face-to-face experience. Telemedicine was already in place prior to the COVID-19 crisis but barriers are rapidly coming down to its widespread use and patients seem to embrace this, even as health-care systems navigate the complicated issues of cybersecurity and patient privacy. Regulatory guidance may be needed to develop safe, secure, and patient-friendly telehealth applications. Telemedicine has affected the prescribing of controlled substances in which online counseling, informed consent, and follow-up must be done in a virtual setting. For example, pill counts can be done in a video call and patients can still get questions answered about their pain therapy, although it is likely that after the crisis, prescribing controlled substances may revert to face-to-face visits. LIMITATIONS: The health-care system finds itself in a very fluid situation at the time this was written and changes are still occurring and being assessed. CONCLUSIONS: Many of the technological changes imposed so abruptly on the health-care system by the COVID-19 pandemic may be positive and it may be beneficial that some of these transitions be preserved or modified as we move forward. Clinicians must be objective in assessing these changes and retaining those changes that clearly improve health-care education and patient care as we enter the COVID era.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Telemedicina/tendências , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Masculino , Telemedicina/métodos
9.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 127-131, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129089

RESUMO

Introducción: Los aspirantes a las residencias en salud pertenecen a una generación que suele preferir instituciones flexibles y poco estructuradas para avanzar en su desarrollo profesional. Objetivo: Nos propusimos explorar cuáles son las motivaciones de los aspirantes en la elección de la institución en donde llevarán a cabo su residencia. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal a través de una encuesta anónima a todos los aspirantes a las residencias médicas. Se evaluaron edad, sexo, universidad de procedencia, especialidad elegida, preferencia de tipo de gestión y la descripción de las tres condiciones que consideran más importantes para elegir una institución en orden de importancia. Resultados: Se analizaron 1113 encuestas y el 59% correspondieron a mujeres. Las primeras tres condiciones elegidas fueron: 1.°) calidad académica (65,4%), prestigio institucional (16%) y caudal y complejidad de pacientes (5,9%); 2.°) clima de aprendizaje (21,6%), calidad académica (20%) y prestigio institucional (18,8%) y 3.°) clima de aprendizaje (16,1%), condiciones laborales (16,1%) y calidad académica (14,5%). No se encontró asociación entre las motivaciones para elegir una institución y sexo, universidad de origen, tipo de especialidad o preferencia de gestión. Conclusión: Los aspirantes a las residencias valoran en primer lugar los aspectos vinculados con su formación académica. Por otra parte, es relevante la importancia adjudicada al clima de aprendizaje y las condiciones laborales. (AU)


Introduction: Applicants to health care residences belong to a generation that often prefers flexible and unstructured institutions to develop their professional development. Objective: We set out to explore what the applicants' motivations are in choosing the institution where they will carry out their residence. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through an anonymous survey of all applicants to medical residences. Age, sex, university of origin, chosen specialty, management type preference and the description of the three conditions that they consider most important to choose an institution in order of importance were evaluated. Results: 1,113 surveys were analyzed and 59% were women. The first three conditions chosen were: 1st) academic quality (65.4%), institutional prestige (16%) and wealth and complexity of patients (5.9%); 2nd) learning climate (21.6%), academic quality (20%) and institutional prestige (18.8%) and 3rd) learning climate (16.1%), conditions labor (16.1%) and academic quality (14.5%). No association was found between the motivations for choosing an institution and sex, home university, type of specialty or management preference. Conclusion: Applicants to residences value first the aspects related to their academic training. On the other hand, the importance attached to the climate of learning and working conditions. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Argentina , Médicos/tendências , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Ambiente de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Condições de Trabalho , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Capacitação Profissional , Esgotamento Psicológico , Ambiente de Instituições de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação no Emprego
11.
Surgery ; 168(4): 586-593, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine trends in the experience of general surgery residents with endocrine surgery cases. METHODS: American Association of Endocrine Surgeons national general surgery case logs from 1989 through 2019 were reviewed. The numbers of individuals completing residency and the mean and median number of endocrine surgery cases by type and by level of operating resident surgeon were abstracted from annual data and analyzed. Descriptive statistics and linear regression analyses were performed modeling endocrine surgery cases over time and stratified by procedure type and resident level. RESULTS: The number of individuals completing general surgery residency each year increased from 981 to 1,219 (P < .001). The average total number of endocrine surgery cases performed increased from 17 to 33.2 (P < .001) but has declined since its peak at 36.9 in 2010 to 2011 (P = .014). Thyroid operations increased from 11.4 to 19.8 (P < .001) but peaked at 23.5 in 2010 to 2011 and have since declined (P < .001). Parathyroid operations more than doubled from 4.2 to 9.7 (P < .001). Adrenal operations increased from 1 to 2.2 (P < .001) and pancreatic endocrine operations increased from 0.2 to 1.5 (P < .001). Surgeon Chief endocrine surgery cases peaked at 14.4 in 2003 to 2004 but have since declined by 22.2% (P < .001). Surgeon Junior endocrine surgery cases increased overall (P < .001) but peaked at 22.8 in 2011 to 2012. There was increasing heterogeneity over time in trainee experience (P < .001). CONCLUSION: After having increased for 2 decades, the number of endocrine surgery cases performed by general surgery residents is currently in decline. Possible contributing factors include growth in the number of general surgery residents, variable and narrowed case mix, and encroachment by other learners.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos/tendências , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Internato e Residência/tendências , Competência Clínica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estados Unidos
13.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(19): e860-e864, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate resident, fellow, and attending perspectives on the use of e-learning as part of orthopaedic surgery education. METHODS: A survey was created evaluating (1) overall attitudes toward e-learning, (2) multi-institutional e-learning/e-conferences, (3) national/regional e-conferences, and (4) future directions with e-learning. The survey was distributed to all the orthopaedic surgery residency program directors in the United States, and they were asked to circulate the survey to their program's faculty and trainees. RESULTS: A total of 268 responses were collected, including 100 attendings and 168 trainees. Overall satisfaction with e-learning compared with in-person learning was higher among trainees than attending faculty, with 51.4% of trainees favoring e-learning, as opposed to 32.2% of attendings (P = 0.006). Both groups felt they were more likely to pay attention with in-person learning (P = 0.89). During the COVID-19 pandemic, 85.7% of residents have used e-learning platforms to join a conference in their specialty of interest while off-service. Most attendings and trainees felt e-learning should play a supplemental role in standard residency/fellowship education, with a low number of respondents feeling that it should not be used (86.6% versus 84%, and 2.1% versus 0.6%, respectively, P = 0.28). CONCLUSION: E-learning has been an important modality to continue academic pursuits during the disruption in usual education and training schedules during the COVID-19 pandemic. Most trainees and attendings surveyed felt that e-learning should play a supplementary role in resident and fellow education moving forward. Although e-learning does provide an opportunity to hold multi-institutional conferences and makes participation in meetings logistically easier, it cannot fully replicate the dynamic interactions and benefits of in-person learning.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Ortopedia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Ortopedia/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/psicologia , Estados Unidos
15.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 163(2): 185-187, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663103

RESUMO

There is an extensive amount of data available from the leading organizations involved in the residency selection process. Tracking trends in otolaryngology residency applications and match outcomes is vital to understand the pipeline of individuals joining our profession. As we make changes to the application or match process, proper interpretation of available data is vital to prevent erroneous analyses and inappropriate conclusions. In the commentary, we explore the nuances of data from the Electronic Residency Application Service and National Residency Matching Program to help our specialty direct research endeavors and policy changes that will ultimately affect the makeup of our future workforce.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência/tendências , Candidatura a Emprego , Otolaringologia/educação , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Seleção de Pessoal/tendências , Análise de Dados , Humanos
16.
J Gen Intern Med ; 35(9): 2675-2679, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32642929

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hospital and ambulatory care systems are rapidly building their virtual care capacity in response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The use of resident trainees in telemedicine is one area of potential development and expansion. To date, however, training opportunities in this field have been limited, and residents may not be adequately prepared to provide high-quality telemedicine care. AIM: This study evaluates the impact of an adapted telemedicine Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) on telemedicine-specific training competencies of residents. SETTING: Primary Care Internal Medicine residents at a large urban academic hospital. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: In March 2020, the New York University Grossman School of Medicine Primary Care program adapted its annual comprehensive OSCE to a telemedicine-based platform, to comply with distance learning and social distancing policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. A previously deployed in-person OSCE on the subject of a medical error was adapted to a telemedicine environment and deployed to 23 primary care residents. Both case-specific and core learning competencies were assessed, and additional observations were conducted on the impact of the telemedicine context on the encounter. PROGRAM EVALUATION: Three areas of telemedicine competency need were identified in the OSCE case: technical proficiency; virtual information gathering, including history, collateral information collection, and physical exam; and interpersonal communication skills, both verbal and nonverbal. Residents expressed enthusiasm for telemedicine training, but had concerns about their preparedness for telemedicine practice and the need for further competency and curricular development. DISCUSSION: Programs interested in building capacity among residents to perform telemedicine, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic, can make significant impact in their trainees' comfort and preparedness by addressing key issues in technical proficiency, history and exam skills, and communication. Further research and curricular development in digital professionalism and digital empathy for trainees may also be beneficial.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Fortalecimento Institucional/métodos , Competência Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Internato e Residência/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Telemedicina/métodos , Fortalecimento Institucional/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Telemedicina/tendências
17.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(17): e735-e743, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649439

RESUMO

The emergence of COVID-19 as a viral pandemic in early 2020 resulted in notable changes to the daily practice, workflow, and education of orthopaedic residencies internationally. In particular, social distancing, residency restructuring, and redeployment to other services has increased heterogeneity in schedules and made the in-person gathering of trainees for education increasingly challenging. These changes may last until 2024 based on some mathematical models, resulting in notable disruptions to orthopaedic education, especially for junior residents. Therefore, in this study, we describe how we converted our in-person PGY-1 skills course into a "virtual" boot camp based on validated training modules and existing American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons guidelines. Lessons learned from the experience and potential areas for improvement in the use of newer technology to teach cognitive knowledge and skills modules are highlighted with the hope that this can be useful to other orthopaedic residency programs, during the pandemic and also beyond.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Internato e Residência/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Realidade Virtual , Adulto , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Masculino , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
19.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(8): 1257-1267, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536436

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had an immense impact on the healthcare industry. Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) clinical practice uniquely exposes providers to COVID-19. The purpose of the present study was to understand the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on OMS residency training programs (OMSRTPs): 1) training and education; 2) availability and use of personal protective equipment (PPE); 3) experience with, and use of, screening and viral testing; 4) resident experience; and 5) program director (PD) experience and observations of the immediate and future effects on OMSRTPs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OMS residents and PDs in OMSRTPs in the United States were invited to participate in the present cross-sectional study from April 1, 2020 to May 1, 2020. A 51-question survey was used to evaluate the effects of COVID-19 on OMSRTPs and to assess the 5 specific aims of the present study. RESULTS: A total of 160 residents and 13 PDs participated in the survey, representing 83% of US states or territories with OMSRTPs. Almost all residents (96.5%) reported modifications to their training program, and 14% had been reassigned to off-service clinical rotations (eg, medicine, intensive care unit). The use of an N95 respirator mask plus standard PPE precautions during aerosol-generating procedures varied by procedure location, with 36.8% reporting limited access to these respirators. Widespread screening practices were in use, with 83.6% using laboratory-based viral testing. Residents scheduled to graduate in 2022 were most concerned with the completion of the graduation requirements and with decreased operative experience. Most residents (94.2%) had moved to web-based didactics, and a plurality (47%) had found increased value in the didactics. CONCLUSIONS: Sweeping alterations to OMS clinical practice have occurred for those in OMSRTPs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the overall OMSRTP response has been favorable, residents' concerns regarding the ubiquitous availability of appropriate PPE, operative experience, and completion of graduation requirements requires further deliberation.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Internato e Residência/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Cirurgia Bucal/educação , Cirurgia Bucal/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pandemias , Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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