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1.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 48(1): 25-32, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050585

RESUMO

Objective: Research on the dissemination of e-mental health interventions is in an early stage, so that little is known about the reach, costs, participant characteristics, and patterns of program utilization associated with different recruitment strategies and access paths. This study investigated differences between user groups informed about an Internet-based program for the prevention and early intervention in eating disorders via different recruitment channels. Method: Participant characteristics and user behavior of 3548 participants in the Internet-based program ProYouth were analyzed. Participants were informed about ProYouth via different channels (e. g., print materials, high school, Internet). Results: Results indicate significant relationships between access paths and both user characteristics and program utilization. Participants who were informed about ProYouth at their high schools were more likely to be male, younger, and at lower risk of developing eating disorders. In contrast, other recruitment channels (e. g., Internet, print materials) resulted in participants with significantly higher risk and symptom levels who used the program more frequently and with higher intensity. Conclusion: Efforts aimed at the dissemination of Internet-based interventions should consider the effects that different recruitment channels and access paths may have on sample composition and utilization of the intervention.


Assuntos
Intervenção Médica Precoce , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia , Internet , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia
2.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 48(1): 3-14, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094644

RESUMO

Effectiveness of an early intervention program for adolescents with Internet Gaming and Internet Use Disorder: Medium-term effects of the PROTECT+ Study Abstract. Objective: Internet Gaming and Internet Use Disorder (IGD and IUD) have gained increasing attention in the scientific community over the last few years. The inclusion of "Gaming Disorder" in the ICD-11 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) promoted the need for evidence-based and effective treatments. PROTECT+ is such a cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for adolescents with IGD and IUD. The present study evaluates the medium-term effects after 4 months. Method: N = 54 patients, aged 9 to 19 years (M = 13.48, SD = 1.72), participated in the early intervention study between April 2016 and December 2017 in Heidelberg, Germany. Symptom severity was assessed at baseline, at the end of the treatment, and at 4-month follow-up using standardized diagnostic tools. Results: Multilevel analyses showed a significant reduction in symptom severity using the Video Game Dependency Scale (CSAS) at 4-month follow-up. We found a small effect size in self-reported reduction of symptom severity (d = 0.35) and a moderate effect size in parental ratings (d = 0.77). The Reliable Change Index measured by the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) indicated a high heterogeneity in individual symptom changes over time. Patients showed high satisfaction regarding the treatment program at 1- und 4-month follow-up. Conclusions: This study is internationally one of the few to show a significant reduction of IGD and IUD symptoms after 4 months.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Internet , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Criança , Alemanha , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Ment Health Policy Econ ; 22(3): 95-108, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychosis onset commonly occurs at ages 16-30 when individuals are typically developing their education, employment and career trajectories. Coordinated specialty care (CSC) programs provide access to team-based early invention services for psychosis, including supported education and employment (SEE) services. AIMS OF STUDY: We examine factors associated with the use of SEE services and whether use of SEE services (for supported education, supported employment, or both) is associated with education and employment participation within New York's CSC program, OnTrackNY. METHODS: Participants (n=779) enrolled in OnTrackNY from October 2013-September 2017. Assessments were collected by clinical staff at admission, quarterly, and at discharge. Logistic regression models were specified to identify factors associated with the probability of use of SEE specialist services during the first year of program participation, using generalized estimating equations with an autoregressive covariance structure to account for within-subject correlations over time. Logistic models were also used to predict whether use of SEE services in the prior quarter predict the probability of work and school participation in the subsequent quarter, respectively; these were analyzed cross-sectionally for each time period. Models controlled for other factors associated with work/school outcomes for young people with early psychosis. RESULTS: Participants who were younger, and who had lower rates of work/school participation had greater odds of SEE service use. Use of SEE services for education support in the first quarter among clients under age 23 is significantly associated with school enrollment in the second quarter and this continued through the first year. Use of SEE services for employment support in the first quarter is significantly associated with employment in the second quarter, but significant associations for employment were not found at later periods of participation. Use of SEE services for both education and employment support was inconsistently associated with subsequent school enrollment or employment in the subsequent quarter. Results were upheld when limiting the sample to those not receiving other SEE services. DISCUSSION: Rates of school and work participation increased over the duration of OnTrackNY participation. Clients with lower work/school participation were more likely to use SEE services. Supported education services are associated with greater school participation during the first year for clients under age 23. However, this association is only significant in the first quarter for supported employment services, and is inconsistent when examining those who used both simultaneously. It is possible that we may find significant associations for employment as the program continues. It is also possible that clients may end supported employment services after obtaining employment, while those in school may require ongoing services (e.g. to renew educational accommodations). Additionally, it is possible that OnTrackNY's supported education model, designed to adhere to Individual Placenment and Support (IPS) principles, may be helping clients stay in school. However, as this is an observational study with no control condition, we cannot say that OnTrackNY, or SEE services participation, caused the observed outcomes. IMPLICATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH: Future research should continue to develop the evidence base for supported education services.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Educação Especial/métodos , Readaptação ao Emprego/métodos , Transtornos Psicóticos/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental , Readaptação ao Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização , Humanos , New York , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Transtornos Psicóticos/complicações , Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18170, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770267

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The umbilical cord is the way to exchange gas, supply nutrients, excrete metabolized. Thrombosis of the umbilical cord leads to fetal hypoxia, which jeopardizes fetal health and can cause fetal death. Umbilical vessel thrombosis, which is rarely reported, is difficult to detect prenatally. PATIENT CONCERNS: Both pregnant women had an unremarkable pregnancy course until a routine ultrasound scan in the third trimester showed a single umbilical artery. However, one umbilical vein and 2 umbilical arteries were seen during an ultrasound examination at 32 weeks. Case 2 had a better pregnancy outcome because of the timely discovery of this complication. DIAGNOSIS: Both cases were diagnosed as umbilical artery thrombosis. INTERVENTIONS: The first patient received no interventions until they reported decreased fetal movements and gradually disappear. The second patient underwent an emergency cesarean section. OUTCOMES: In Case 1, an emergency ultrasound examination showed intrauterine fetal death, and the patient vaginally delivered a stillborn child weighing 3300 g in a day. In Case 2, a female neonate weighing 2860 g was delivered by cesarean section, and exhibited Apgar scores of 10 and 10 at 1 and 5 minutes. CONCLUSION: In the late-term abortions, obstetricians should be vigilant if ultrasound imaging shows suspected umbilical vascular thrombosis or shows 1 umbilical artery when there had previously been 2. The fetus should be closely monitored and interventions implemented as early as possible to improve the prenatal detection rate of umbilical vessel thrombosis and avoid adverse pregnancy outcomes.


Assuntos
Cesárea/métodos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Morte Fetal , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez , Trombose , Artérias Umbilicais , Adulto , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Feminino , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Morte Fetal/prevenção & controle , Monitorização Fetal/métodos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Natimorto , Trombose/complicações , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Artérias Umbilicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Umbilicais/patologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17307, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574859

RESUMO

To investigate the cognitive and psychological outcomes of pediatric allogeneic HSCT survivors in China.A total of 135 3 to 18 years old children and adolescents who underwent allo-HSCT and survived at least 3 months post-HSCT were recruited and completed the assessments. Cognitive and psychological functions were assessed via age-appropriate standardized measures. Clinical information was extracted from the medical records.Forty one 3 to 6 years old children completed Psychological Questionnaires for 3 to 6 years Children. The scores of 21(51.2%) children in cognitive development dimension, 18(43.9%) in motor development dimension, 16(39.0%) in language development and social development dimension, 15(36.6%) in emotion and will dimension and 14(34.1%) in living habits dimension were less than the standard. Fifty six 8 to 16 years old children and adolescents completed the Depression Self-rating Scale for Children and 9 (16.1%) of these met the criteria of depression. Sixty nine 7 to 16 years old children and adolescents completed the screening for Child Anxiety Related Disorders and 7 (10.1%) of these met the criteria of anxiety, especially social phobia and school phobia. Eighty nine 6 to 18 years old children and adolescents completed the Symptom Checklist-90 and 43.8% to 77.5% of these experienced mild symptoms like obsession-compulsion (77.5%), hostility (64%), and interpersonal sensitivity (60.7%). Children treated with total body irradiation (TBI) showed more cognitive impairments like motor deficits than those without TBI. Also older children and adolescents had more symptoms like psychoticism.These findings demonstrated cognitive and psychological late effects of pediatric allo-HSCT survivors in a single center in China and highlighted that the survivors conditioned with TBI had more cognitive impairments and older children and adolescents had more symptoms. Early intervention in these children and adolescents might minimize the cognitive losses and psychological effects.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Destreza Motora , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Técnicas Psicológicas , Sobreviventes/psicologia
6.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2061-2064, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study is to describe the authors' experience at the Children's National Health System with the coordination of the Fetal Medicine Institute and the Cleft and Craniofacial Center. This collaboration highlights the accuracy and completeness of prenatal diagnosis of cleft abnormalities with expedient postnatal management. METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, the authors retrospectively reviewed 74 patients referred for potential orofacial cleft and 44 met the inclusion criteria. Follow-up fetal ultrasonography is typically performed and three-dimensional imaging was performed when feasible. If questionable anomalies or facial findings are present on these studies, the authors proceed with fetal magnetic resonance imaging. A thorough consultation is held with the cleft team, resulting in a comprehensive plan of care. Postnatal examination confirmed the correct prenatal diagnosis in nearly all patients. RESULTS: Sensitivity and specificity for isolated unilateral cleft lip were 89% and 100%, respectively; for unilateral cleft lip and palate, sensitivity and specificity were 82% and 90%, respectively; for bilateral cleft lip and palate, sensitivity and specificity were 97% and 90%, respectively. Initial postnatal evaluation by the cleft surgeon occurred at an average age of 21 days after birth. All patients who were candidates for presurgical orthodontia were treated at an appropriate young age (mean: 66.5 days). CONCLUSIONS: Coordinated prenatal evaluation of patients with cleft lip/palate by multidisciplinary centers plays an important role in the care of these complex patients. The results of the authors' study demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for the prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip/palate, leading to timely postnatal evaluation and treatment.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Face , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
7.
Heart Fail Clin ; 15(4): 509-517, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472886

RESUMO

Metabolic syndrome is an increasingly prevalent constellation of disease processes among the global population. Hypertension and obesity are among the contributing etiologies, and obesity increases the likelihood of hypertensive heart disease by creating a proinflammatory state, as well as increasing sympathetic tone and formation of reactive oxygen species. Hypertensive heart disease is characterized by myocardial fibrosis, which portends higher risk of developing reduced ejection fraction, diastolic dysfunction, ischemia, and arrhythmias, making early diagnosis and treatment essential to the prevention of cardiac events.


Assuntos
Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipertensão , Obesidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco
8.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(11): 2761-2769, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428932

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the health-related quality of life in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: 181 patients attending a tertiary center outpatient clinic were interviewed and completed the short form 36 (SF36) questionnaire. The SF36 was used to assess health-related QoL. Cross-sectional analyses by group (age, gender, clinical scores, systemic, and local interventions) as well sequel questionnaires were conducted. RESULTS: Participants included were 79% (143/181) men [mean age at first SF36: 63.8 (± 12.3; 18.4-85.8) years]. Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stadium C was associated with significantly lower SF36 total scores, and elevated initial alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) concentrations were associated with lower SF36 functional and mental health sum scores throughout the course of the third questionnaire. Patients treated with sorafenib had within the sub-dimension scores a significantly lower result for role limitations due to physical health compared to patients without sorafenib treatment. Patients who underwent a transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) had within the sub-dimension scores a significantly higher result for control of pain compared to patients without TACE. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed significant survival benefits for patients who underwent any intervention at the first SF36 (mean survival in years 4.3 vs. 1.6; P < 0.01) as well as for patients who underwent hepatic resection (mean survival in years 6.3 vs. 2.7; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Advanced tumor stages marked by BCLC stadium C and elevated initial AFP concentrations were associated with lower SF36 total scores and functional sum scores, respectively. During the course of sorafenib treatment, the sub-dimensional score for role limitations due to physical health decreased significantly, whereas TACE performance was associated with a significant improvement of the control of body pain.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 2813489, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467926

RESUMO

While the autoimmune character of T1D (type 1 diabetes) is being challenged, it is currently recognized that inflammation plays a key role in its development. We hypothesized that glucotoxicity could contribute to ß-cell mass destruction through participation in islet inflammation. We evaluated the potential of empagliflozin (EMPA) and GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) to protect ß-cell mass against glucotoxicity and to increase ß-cell mass after diagnosis of T1D. Empagliflozin is a SGLT2 (sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter) inhibitor which thereby blocks glucose recapture by the kidney and promotes glucose excretion in urine. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, which stimulates α-to-ß cell transdifferentiation. In streptozotocin-treated mice, empagliflozin and/or GABA were delivered for a period of five days or three weeks. As compared to untreated T1D mice, EMPA-treated T1D mice had decreased FFA (free fatty acid) levels and improved glucose homeostasis. EMPA-treated T1D mice had higher islet density, with preserved architecture, compared to T1D mice, and EMPA-treated T1D mice also differed from T1D mice by the total absence of immune cell infiltration within islets. Islets from EMPA-treated mice were also less subjected to ER (endoplasmic reticulum) stress and inflammation, as shown by qPCR analysis. Glucose homeostasis parameters and islet area/pancreas area ratio improved, as compared to diabetic controls, when T1D mice were treated for three weeks with GABA and EMPA. T1D EMPA+GABA mice had higher glucagon levels than T1D mice, without modifications of glucagon area/islet area ratios. In conclusion, empagliflozin and GABA, used in monotherapy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, have positive effects on ß-cell mass preservation or proliferation through an indirect effect on islet cell inflammation and ER stress. Further research is mandatory to evaluate whether empagliflozin and GABA may be a potential therapeutic target for the protection of ß-cell mass after new-onset T1D.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos/administração & dosagem , Glicemia/metabolismo , Contagem de Células , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Células Secretoras de Insulina/citologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/fisiologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/citologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Estreptozocina , Fatores de Tempo , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/administração & dosagem
11.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 49(12): 5063-5072, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432309

RESUMO

A growing evidence base supports early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism spectrum disorder. We have found only one study exploring the outcome of EIBI for children with Rett syndrome, which reported little effect. It suggested that future studies should employ more fine-grained outcome measures. We provided EIBI for twin 3-year-old girls with Rett syndrome for a period of 3 years. We analyzed raw scores and standard scores from a measure of adaptive behavior and a detailed assessment of skills across 25 areas. We detected moderate but clinically meaningful gains in areas such as communication and self-help. Gains are discussed from a quality of life perspective and whether the moderate effects can justify the resources required in EIBI.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Síndrome de Rett/terapia , Pré-Escolar , Comunicação , Feminino , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Gêmeos
13.
Pediatrics ; 144(2)2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The primary care (PC) setting provides an opportunity to address adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. We examined moderators of effectiveness for a PC brief motivational intervention on adolescents' alcohol and marijuana use and consequences 1 year later. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in 4 PC clinics from April 2013 to November 2015 and followed adolescents using Web-based surveys. We examined whether demographic factors and severity of use moderated 12-month outcomes. Adolescents aged 12 through 18 were screened by using the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Screening Guide. Those identified as at risk were randomly assigned to the intervention (CHAT) or to usual care (UC). RESULTS: The sample (n = 294) was 58% female, 66% Hispanic, 17% African American, 12% white, and 5% multiethnic or of other race with an average age of 16 years. After controlling for baseline values of outcomes, teens in CHAT who reported more negative consequences from drinking or had an alcohol use disorder at baseline reported less alcohol use, heavy drinking, and consequences 1 year later compared with teens in UC. Similarly, teens in CHAT with more negative consequences from marijuana use at baseline reported less marijuana use 1 year later compared with teens in UC; however, teens in CHAT who reported fewer marijuana consequences at baseline reported greater marijuana use 1 year later compared with teens in UC. CONCLUSIONS: A brief intervention can be efficacious over the long-term for adolescents who report problems from alcohol and marijuana use. Findings emphasize the importance of both screening and intervention in at-risk adolescents in PC.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Compreensão , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Entrevista Motivacional/métodos , Autorrelato , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico
14.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(9): 102353, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323366

RESUMO

Recent studies show that relapsing polychondritis patients with tracheobronchial involvement are distinct from others in terms of clinical characteristics, therapeutic management, and disease evolution. Tracheobronchial involvement affects 20 to 50% of patients and may reveal the disease. It should be sought at the time of diagnosis and at each follow-up visit. Respiratory impairment is confirmed by computed tomography (CT) of the chest, including the cervical portion of the trachea, with end-inspiratory and dynamic expiratory scans, and pulmonary function tests. These investigations should be performed, even in asymptomatic patients, at the time of diagnosis, and repeated as necessary during follow-up. Bronchoscopy and a fortiori endoscopic intervention should be considered with caution and performed only by expert endoscopists after careful evaluation of the risks and benefits of such procedures, which can lead to damage or perforation of the airways and bronchospasm. Early detection and management of tracheobronchial involvement in relapsing polychondritis has significantly improved the prognosis of patients, especially with the development of interventional fiberoptic bronchoscopy. However, relapsing polychondritis-related morbidity and mortality are still elevated, particularly in tracheobronchial disease.


Assuntos
Broncopatias/etiologia , Policondrite Recidivante/complicações , Doenças da Traqueia/etiologia , Broncopatias/diagnóstico , Broncopatias/mortalidade , Broncopatias/terapia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diagnóstico Precoce , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Humanos , Policondrite Recidivante/diagnóstico , Policondrite Recidivante/mortalidade , Policondrite Recidivante/terapia , Prognóstico , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Doenças da Traqueia/mortalidade , Doenças da Traqueia/terapia
16.
Salud Publica Mex ; 61(3): 359-414, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is one the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Symptomatic manifestations of the disease generally occur in the advanced-stage setting, and therefore an important number of patients have advanced or metastatic disease by the time they are diagnosed. This situation contributes to a poor prognosis in the treatment of lung cancer. Evidencebased clinical recommendations are of great value to support decision-making for daily practice, and thus improving health care quality and patient outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This document was an initiative of the Mexican Society of Oncology (SMEO) in collaboration with Mexican Center of Clinical Excellence (Cenetec) according to Interna- tional Standards. Such standards included those described by the IOM, NICE, SIGN and GI-N. An interdisciplinary Guideline Development Group (GDG) was put together which included medical oncologists, surgical oncologistsc, radiation therapists, and methodologists with expertise in critical appraisal, sys- tematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines development. RESULTS: 62 clinical questions were agreed among members of the GDG. With the evidence identified from systematic reviews, the GDG developed clinical recommendations using a Modified Delphi Panel technique. Patients' representatives validated them. CONCLUSIONS: These Clinical Practice Guideline aims to support the shared decision-making process for patients with different stages of non-small cell lung cancer. Our goal is to improve health-care quality on these patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Algoritmos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
17.
Curr Pain Headache Rep ; 23(9): 68, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359257

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To provide an overview of current interventional pain management techniques for primary headaches with a focus on peripheral nerve stimulation and nerve blocks. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite a plethora of treatment modalities, some forms of headaches remain intractable to conservative therapies. Interventional pain modalities have found a niche in treating headaches. Individuals resistant to common regimens, intolerant to pharmaceutical agents, or those with co-morbid factors that cause interactions with their therapies are some instances where interventions could be considered in the therapeutic algorithm. In this review, we will discuss these techniques including peripheral nerve stimulation, third occipital nerve block (TON), lesser occipital nerve block (LON), greater occipital nerve block (GON), sphenopalatine block (SPG), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and cervical epidural steroid injections (CESI). Physicians have used several interventional techniques to treat primary headaches. While many can be treated pharmacologically, those who continue to suffer from refractory or severe headaches may see tremendous benefit from a range of more invasive treatments which focus on directly inhibiting the painful nerves. While there is a plethora of evidence suggesting these methods are effective and possibly durable interventions, there is still a need for large, prospective, randomized trials to clearly demonstrate their efficacy.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Cefaleia/terapia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Médica Precoce/tendências , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/tendências , Transtornos da Cefaleia/fisiopatologia , Humanos
20.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 19(1): 60, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Survival from many cancer types is steadily increasing, and as a result, a growing number of cancer patients will live with other chronic diseases, of which diabetes is one of the most prevalent. This study aims to describe the impact of cancer on health outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and to compare the effectiveness of a multifactorial intervention in diabetes patients with and without cancer. METHODS: The randomized controlled trial Diabetes Care in General Practice (DCGP) included 1381 patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Patients were randomized to either six years of structured personal diabetes care or routine care. In a post hoc analysis, we followed patients for 19 years in Danish national registries for the occurrence of diabetes-related outcomes. We used Cox regression models to estimate hazard ratios for outcomes. RESULTS: At diagnosis 48 patients had cancer, and 243 patients were diagnosed with cancer during follow up. Patients with diabetes and cancer had excess all-cause mortality (HR 3.33; 95%CI 2.72-4.06), as well as an increased incidence of myocardial infarction (HR 1.76; 95%CI 1.29-2.39) and any diabetes-related outcome (HR 1.36; 95%CI 1.07-1.71). The intervention reduced the risk of both these endpoints in patients without cancer. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant difference in the effectiveness of the intervention among patients with and without cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes patients with cancer had an increased risk of myocardial infarction and any diabetes-related outcome. The observed positive effect of structured personal diabetes care on clinical outcomes did not differ between patients with and without cancer. Attention to and prevention of diabetes complications in patients with both type 2 diabetes and cancer is warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01074762 (February 24, 2010).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Medicina Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Idoso , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros
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