Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.917
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23886, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared the intubation skills obtained by novice doctors following training using 3 instruments, the conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (Mac) and 2 types of indirect video-laryngoscopes (McGrathTM-MAC: McGrath (McG) and AirwayScope (AWS)), to determine the most appropriate instrument for novice doctors to acquire intubation skills, especially focusing on visual confirmation of vocal cords, during a 3-day intensive manikin training program. METHODS: Fifteen novice doctors who did not have sufficient experience in endotracheal intubation (ETI) and consented to participate in this study were included. We used AirSim and AMT (Airway management Trainer) manikins. First, an experienced anesthesiologist instructed the trainees on using the 3 instruments for a few minutes. Then, after familiarizing themselves with each device for 10 minutes, the participants attempted ETI on the 2 manikins with the 3 devices used in random order. Intubations with each device were practiced and performed for 3 successive days. We assessed the percentage of glottic opening (POGO) score, successful intubation rate and tracheal intubation time for each participant, with each device, and on each day. RESULTS: In the first manikin, AirSim, POGO scores in the McG and AWS groups were significantly higher than those in the Mac group on all 3 days (P < .0001). The number of intubation failures in the Mac group decreased from 2 cases on day 1, to 1 case on day 2 and zero cases on day 3. There were no failures in the McG and AWS groups on any of the days. With the second manikin, AMT, POGO scores in the Mac group were significantly lower than those in the McG and AWS groups on all 3 days. There were no intubation failures in the AWS group on all 3 days. In the Mac group, the number of intubation failures decreased from 3 on day 1, to 2 on day 2 and zero failures on day 3. In the McG group, there were only 3 failures on day 1. CONCLUSION: The 2 types of indirect video-laryngoscopes (McGRATH and AirwayScope) were demonstrated to be suitable instruments for novice doctors to achieve higher POGO scores in a 3-day intensive ETI training.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação Médica Continuada , Laringoscópios , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Manequins , Gravação em Vídeo
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(7): e24676, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607806

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: New generation supraglottic airway devices are suitable for airway management in many laparoscopic surgeries. In this study, we evaluated and compared the ventilation parameters of the laryngeal mask airway-supreme (LM-S) and endotracheal tube (ETT) when a neuromuscular blocker (NMB) agent was not used during laparoscopic gynecological surgery. The second outcome was based on the evaluation of the surgical view because it may affect the surgical procedure.This was a randomized study that enrolled 100 patients between 18 and 65 years old with an ASA I-II classification. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Group ETT and Group LM-S. Standard anesthesia and ventilation protocols were administered to patients in each group. Ventilation parameters [airway peak pressure (Ppeak), mean airway pressure (Pmean), total volume, and oropharyngeal leak pressure] were recorded before, after, and during peritoneal insufflation and before desufflation, as well as after the removal of the airway device. Perioperative surgical view quality and the adequacy of the pneumoperitoneum were also recorded.The data of 100 patients were included in the statistical analysis. The Ppeak values in Group ETT were significantly higher in the second minute after airway device insertion. The Ppeak and Pmean values in Group ETT were significantly higher before desufflation and after removal of the airway device. No significant differences were found between the groups in terms of adequacy of the pneumoperitoneum or quality of the surgical view.The results of this study showed that gynecological laparoscopies can be performed without using a NMB. Satisfactory conditions for ventilation and surgery can be achieved while sparing the use of muscle relaxants in both groups despite the Trendelenburg position and the pneumoperitoneum of the patients, which are typical for laparoscopic gynecological surgery. The results are of clinical significance because they show that the use of a muscle relaxant is unnecessary when supraglottic airways are used for these surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Decúbito Inclinado com Rebaixamento da Cabeça/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Máscaras Laríngeas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bloqueadores Neuromusculares/efeitos adversos , Pneumoperitônio/epidemiologia , Respiração
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24278, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenic mechanism and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are substantially improved over the past several decades, but VAP remains frequently seen among the critical cases. The Venner-PneuX endotracheal tube system (VPXETS) has been proved to perform better than standard endotracheal tubes (SET) in the prevention of VAP in some studies. Therefore, this systematic review is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of VPXETS in order to prevent VAP. METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, WANFANG, CENTRAL, CNKI, EMBASE, and CINAHL, are used to search relevant randomized controlled trials for evaluating the therapeutic effect of VPXETS on preventing VAP from January 2011 to December 2020. To be specific, related studies are selected, data are extracted, risk of bias is assessed, and meta-analysis is conducted in succession. RESULTS: The present review aims to assess the therapeutic effect of VPXETS on preventing VAP in intensive care units (ICUs). Our outcome measures include the incidence and side reaction of VAP. CONCLUSIONS: The present review assesses related studies regarding the therapeutic effect of VPXETS on preventing VAP at ICUs. DISSEMINATION AND ETHICS: Our findings in this work are to be disseminated by means of peer-reviewed publication. No ethical approval is required in our review since it uses the published data. Moreover, anonymity is guaranteed during the data analysis process. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/6BERJ.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
5.
Cell Transplant ; 30: 963689720987527, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33426911

RESUMO

Since its outbreak in China, the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused worldwide disaster. Globally, there have been 71,581,532 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 1,618,374 deaths, reported to World Health Organization (data retrieved on December 16, 2020). Currently, no treatment modalities for COVID-19 (e.g., vaccines or antiviral drugs) with confirmed efficacy and safety are available. Although the possibilities and relevant challenges of some alternatives (e.g., use of stem cells as immunomodulators) have been proposed, the personal protective equipment is still the only way to protect and lower infection rates of COVID-19 among healthcare workers and airway managers (intubators). In this article, we described the combined use of a plastic sheet as a barrier with the intubating stylet for tracheal intubation in patients needing mechanical ventilation. Although conventional or video-assisted laryngoscopy is more popular and familiar to other groups around the world, we believe that the video-assisted intubating stylet technique is much easier to learn and master. Advantages of the video stylet include the creation of greater working distance between intubator and patient, less airway stimulation, and less pharyngeal space needed for endotracheal tube advancement. All the above features make this technique reliable and superior to other devices, especially when a difficult airway is encountered in COVID scenario. Meanwhile, we proposed the use of a flexible and transparent plastic sheet to serve as a barrier against aerosol and droplet spread during airway management. We demonstrated that the use of a plastic sheet would not interfere or hinder the intubator's maneuvers during endotracheal intubation. Moreover, we demonstrated that the plastic sheet was effective in preventing the spread of mist and water spray in simulation models with a mannequin. In our experience, we found that this technique most effectively protected the intubator and other operating room personnel from infection during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
/terapia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , /epidemiologia , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Plásticos/química , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Gravação em Vídeo/instrumentação
6.
J Surg Res ; 257: 344-348, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The movement of a double-lumen endotracheal tube (DLT) out of its appropriate position during thoracic surgery can result in the loss of one-lung ventilation (OLV), especially during pulmonary resection and node dissection. Our study aimed to validate the efficacy of automatic retention pressure control of the DLT bronchial cuff in maintaining OLV in an artificial intubation model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 35-Fr left-sided DLT was intubated to the left main bronchus in an intubation simulator and connected to an anesthesia machine. The inspiratory volume, respiratory rate, and inspiratory-expiratory ratio were set at 500 mL, 12 times/min, and 1:2, respectively. A 1-kg right main bronchial traction in the lateral right was provided after OLV was established. SmartCuff (Smiths Medical, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA) was used to maintain cuff pressure. The efficacy of retention pressure with SmartCuff (Group S) and without SmartCuff (Group WS) was compared. The primary outcome was the rate of tidal volume (TV) reduction following bronchial traction in the two groups. RESULTS: The TVs were 289.8 ± 28.9 mL and 242.8 ± 31.9 mL in Group S and Group WS, respectively (P = 0.003). The rate of TV reduction after bronchial traction was significantly lower in Group S (29 ± 5%) than in Group WS (43 ± 6%) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Automatic retention pressure control of the DLT bronchial cuff improves the rate of TV reduction during right main bronchial traction in an artificial intubation model. Continuous retention cuff pressure may be useful in maintaining OLV during thoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Modelos Anatômicos , Ventilação Monopulmonar , Humanos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318264

RESUMO

Nasotracheal intubation can be challenging due to undesirable incidence of nasal bleeding and soft tissue injuries. The bleeding can obscure glottis visualisation, increase the total intubation time, the risk of aspiration and oxygen desaturation. Total control introducer is a new airway adjunct with a flexible shaft, articulating tip and an intuitive depth control system, which can be used in difficult airway scenarios to improve the success of nasal intubations.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Laringoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Adulto , Epistaxe/etiologia , Epistaxe/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Laringoscopia/instrumentação , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal/cirurgia
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370965

RESUMO

Tracheal tear after endotracheal intubation is extremely rare. The role of silicone Y-stent in the management of tracheal injury has been documented in the previous studies. However, none of the studies have mentioned the deployment of silicone Y-stent via rigid bronchoscope with the patient solely supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) without general anaesthesia delivered via the side port of the rigid bronchoscope. We report a patient who had a tracheal tear due to endotracheal tube migration following a routine video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery sympathectomy, which was successfully managed with silicone Y-stent insertion. Procedure was done while she was undergoing ECMO; hence, no ventilator connection to the side port of the rigid scope was required. This was our first experience in performing Y-stent insertion fully under ECMO, and the patient had a successful recovery.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Complicações Intraoperatórias/terapia , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Lacerações/terapia , Traqueia/lesões , Broncoscopia , Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Lacerações/diagnóstico , Lacerações/etiologia , Enfisema Mediastínico/etiologia , Enfisema Mediastínico/terapia , Ventilação Monopulmonar/instrumentação , Stents , Simpatectomia/efeitos adversos , Simpatectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Spec Oper Med ; 20(4): 68-72, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320315

RESUMO

Background: Airway obstruction is the second leading cause of potentially preventable death on the battlefield. Prior to 2017, the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care (CoTCCC) recommended the surgical cricothyrotomy as the definitive airway of choice. More recently, the CoTCCC has recommended the iGel™ as the supraglottic airway (SGA) of choice. Data comparing these methods in medics are limited. We compared first-pass placement success among combat medics using a synthetic cadaver model. Methods: We conducted a randomized cross-over study of United States Army combat medics using a synthetic cadaver model. Participants performed a surgical cricothyrotomy using a method of their choosing versus placement of the SGA iGel in random order. The primary outcome was first-pass success. Secondary outcomes included time-to-placement, complications, placement failures, and self-reported participant preferences. Results: Of the 68 medics recruited, 63 had sufficient data for inclusion. Most were noncommissioned officers in rank (54%, E6-E7), with 51% reporting previous deployment experience. There was no significant difference in first-pass success (P = .847) or successful cannulation with regard to the two devices. Time-to-placement was faster with the iGel (21.8 seconds vs. 63.8 seconds). Of the 59 medics who finished the survey, we found that 35 (59%) preferred the iGel and 24 (41%) preferred the cricothyrotomy. Conclusions: In our study of active duty Army combat medics, we found no significant difference with regard to first-pass success or overall successful placement between the iGel and cricothyrotomy. Time-to-placement was significantly lower with the iGel. Participants reported preferring the iGel versus the cricothyrotomy on survey. Further research is needed, as limitations in our study highlighted many shortcomings in airway research involving combat medics.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Militares , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Cadáver , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Projetos Piloto , Estados Unidos
10.
Trials ; 21(1): 940, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of prone positioning therapy on intubation rate in awake patients with COVID-19 and acute respiratory failure. TRIAL DESIGN: This is a two-center parallel group, superiority, randomized (1:1 allocation ratio) controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: All patients admitted to the Hospital Civil de Guadalajara and Hospital General de Occidente in Mexico for COVID-19 associated acute respiratory failure and in need of supplementary oxygen through high-flow nasal cannula are screened for eligibility. INCLUSION CRITERIA: all adult patients admitted to the COVID-19 unit who test positive for COVID-19 by PCR-test and in need for oxygen are eligible for inclusion. Randomization starts upon identification of requirement of a fraction of inspired oxygen ≥30% for an oxygen capillary saturation of ≥90% Exclusion criteria: less than 18 years-old, pregnancy, patients with immediate need of invasive mechanical ventilation (altered mental status, fatigue), vasopressor requirement to maintain median arterial pressure >65 mmHg, contraindications for prone positioning therapy (recent abdominal or thoracic surgery or trauma, facial, pelvic or spine fracture, untreated pneumothorax, do-not-resuscitate or do-not-intubate order, refusal or inability of the patient to enroll in the study. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Patients of the intervention group will be asked to remain in a prone position throughout the day as long as possible, with breaks according to tolerance. Pillows will be offered for maximizing comfort at chest, pelvis and knees. Monitoring of vital signs will not be suspended. Inspired fraction of oxygen will be titrated to maintain a capillary saturation of 92%-95%. For patients in the control group, prone positioning will be allowed as a rescue therapy. Staff intensivists will monitor the patient's status in both groups on a 24/7 basis. All other treatment will be unchanged and left to the attending physicians. MAIN OUTCOMES: Endotracheal intubation rate for mechanical ventilation at 28 days. RANDOMISATION: Patients will be randomly allocated to either prone positioning or control group at 1:1 ratio. Such randomization will be computer generated and stratified by center with permuted blocks and length of 4. BLINDING (MASKING): Due to logistical reasons, only principal investigators and the data analyst will be blinded to group assignment. NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMISED (SAMPLE SIZE): With an intubation rate of 60% according to recent reports from some American centers, and assuming a decrease to 40% to be clinically relevant, we calculated a total of 96 patients per group, for a beta error of 0.2, and alpha of 0.5. Therefore, we plan to recruit 200 patients, accounting for minimal losses to follow up, with 100 non-intubated patients in the prone position group and a 100 in the control group. TRIAL STATUS: The local registration number is 048-20, with the protocol version number 2.0. The date of approval is 3rd May 2020. Recruitment started on 3rd May and is expected to end in December 2020. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The protocol was retrospectively registered under the title: "Prone Positioning in Non-intubated Patients With COVID-19 Associated Acute Respiratory Failure. The PRO-CARF trial" in ClinicalTrials.gov with the registration number: NCT04477655. Registered on 20 July 2020. FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol. The study protocol has been reported in accordance with the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Clinical Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) guidelines (Additional file 2).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Oxigênio/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Decúbito Ventral/fisiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/genética , Cânula/efeitos adversos , Cânula/provisão & distribução , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Oxigênio/administração & dosagem , Oxigênio/sangue , Oxigênio/provisão & distribução , Pandemias , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia
11.
Anesth Analg ; 131(5): 1485-1490, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079871

RESUMO

The double-lumen tubes (DLTs) are the most widely used devices to provide perioperative lung isolation. Airway rupture is a rare but life-threatening complication of DLTs. The primary aim of this review was to collect all cases reported in the literature about airway rupture caused by DLTs and to describe the reported possible contributors, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of this complication. Another aim of this review was to assess the possible factors associated with mortality after airway rupture by DLTs. A comprehensive literature search for all cases of airway rupture caused by DLTs was performed in the PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, Wanfang Database, and CNKI. The extracted data included age, sex, height, weight, type of operation, type and size of DLT, site of airway rupture, possible contributors, clinical presentation, diagnosis timing, treatment, and outcome. We included 105 single case reports and 22 case series with a total number of 187 patients. Most of the ruptures were in the trachea (n = 98, 52.4%) and left main bronchus (n = 70, 37.4%). The common possible contributors include use of a stylet, cuff overdistention, multiple attempts to adjust the position of a DLT, difficult intubation, and use of an oversized DLT. Most of the airway ruptures were diagnosed intraoperatively (n = 138, 82.7%). Pneumomediastinum, air leakage, hypoxemia, and subcutaneous emphysema were the common clinical manifestations. Most patients were treated with surgical repair (n = 147, 78.6%). The mortality of the patients with airway rupture by DLTs was 8.8%. Age, sex, site of rupture, diagnosis timing, and method of treatment were not found to be associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/terapia , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Sistema Respiratório/lesões , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruptura
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(37): 22967-22973, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868444

RESUMO

Hospital-acquired infections are a global health problem that threatens patients' treatment in intensive care units, causing thousands of deaths and a considerable increase in hospitalization costs. The endotracheal tube (ETT) is a medical device placed in the patient's trachea to assist breathing and delivering oxygen into the lungs. However, bacterial biofilms forming at the surface of the ETT and the development of multidrug-resistant bacteria are considered the primary causes of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), a severe hospital-acquired infection for significant mortality. Under these circumstances, there has been a need to administrate antibiotics together. Although necessary, it has led to a rapid increase in bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Therefore, it becomes necessary to develop alternatives to prevent and combat these bacterial infections. One possibility is to turn the ETT itself into a bactericide. Some examples reported in the literature present drawbacks. To overcome those issues, we have designed a photosensitizer-containing ETT to be used in photodynamic inactivation (PDI) to avoid bacteria biofilm formation and prevent VAP occurrence during tracheal intubation. This work describes ETT's functionalization with curcumin photosensitizer, as well as its evaluation in PDI against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli A significant photoinactivation (up to 95%) against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria was observed when curcumin-functionalized endotracheal (ETT-curc) was used. These remarkable results demonstrate this strategy's potential to combat hospital-acquired infections and contribute to fighting antimicrobial resistance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Curcumina/química , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/microbiologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/fisiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia
15.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(5): 1080-1083, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970558

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Barrier enclosures have been developed to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission to healthcare providers during intubation, but little is known about their impact on procedure performance. We sought to determine whether a barrier enclosure delays time to successful intubation by experienced airway operators. METHODS: We conducted a crossover simulation study at a tertiary academic hospital. Participants watched a four-minute video, practiced one simulated intubation with a barrier enclosure, and then completed one intubation with and one without the barrier enclosure (randomized to determine order). The primary outcome measure was time from placement of the video laryngoscope at the lips to first delivered ventilation. Secondary outcomes were periprocedural complications and participant responses to a post-study survey. RESULTS: Proceduralists (n = 50) from emergency medicine and anesthesiology had median intubation times of 23.6 seconds with practice barrier enclosure, 20.5 seconds with barrier enclosure, and 16.7 seconds with no barrier. Intubation with barrier enclosure averaged 4.5 seconds longer (95% confidence interval, 2.7-6.4, p < .001) than without, but was less than the predetermined clinical significance threshold of 10 seconds. Three complications occurred, all during the practice intubation. Barrier enclosure made intubation more challenging according to 48%, but 90% indicated they would consider using it in clinical practice. CONCLUSION: Experienced airway operators performed intubation using a barrier enclosure with minimal increased time to procedure completion in this uncomplicated airway model. Given potential to reduce droplet spread, use of a barrier enclosure may be an acceptable adjunct to endotracheal intubation for those familiar with its use.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Anestesiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Cross-Over , Medicina de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Laringoscópios , Masculino , Manequins , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22289, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957386

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the success of first-attempt tracheal intubation in pediatric patients >1-year old performed using video versus direct laryngoscopy and compare the frequency of tracheal intubation-associated events and desaturation among these patients.Prospective observational cohort study conducted in an Academic pediatric tertiary emergency department. We compared 50 children intubated with Mcgrath Mac video laryngoscope (VL group) and an historical series of 141 children intubated with direct laryngoscopy (DL group). All patients were aged 1 to 18 years.The first attempt success rates were 68% (34/50) and 37.6% (53/141) in the VL and DL groups (P < .01), respectively. There was a lower proportion of tracheal intubation-associated events in the VL group (VL, 31.3% [15/50] vs DL, 67.8% [97/141]; P < .01) and no significant differences in desaturation (VL, 35% [14/50] vs DL 51.8% [72/141]; P = .06). The median number of attempts was 1 (range, 1-5) for the VL group and 2 (range, 1-8) for the DL group (P < .01). Multivariate logistic regression showed that video laryngoscope use was associated with higher chances of first-attempt intubation with an odds ratio of 4.5 (95% confidence interval, 1.9-10.4, P < 0.01).Compared with direct laryngoscopy, VL was associated with higher success rates of first-attempt tracheal intubations and lower rates of tracheal intubation-associated events.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Laringoscopia/instrumentação , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/instrumentação , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Intubação Intratraqueal/estatística & dados numéricos , Laringoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Anesth Analg ; 131(4): 1092-1101, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and adverse event rate of supraglottic airway (SGA) devices for cesarean delivery (CD) is poorly characterized. The primary aims of this review were to determine whether the first-pass success was higher and time to insertion for SGA was faster than endotracheal intubation for elective CD. The secondary aim was to determine the airway-related adverse event rate associated with SGA use compared to endotracheal intubation in elective CD under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: Six databases were systematically searched until September 2019. Included studies reported on the use of SGA in comparison to endotracheal tube intubation. A comparative meta-analysis between SGA and endotracheal intubation was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. Dichotomous outcomes were reported using an odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). The results for continuous outcomes were reported using a weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% CI. RESULTS: Fourteen studies with 2236 patients compared SGA and endotracheal intubation. Overall, there was no statistically significant difference in first-attempt success rate (OR = 1.92; 95% CI, 0.85-4.32; I = 0%; P = .44). There was no clinically significant difference in time to insertion (WMD = -15.80 seconds; 95% CI, -25.30 to -6.31 seconds; I= 100%; P = .001). Similarly, there was no difference in any adverse event rate except sore throat which was reduced with the use of an SGA (OR = 0.16; 95% CI, 0.08-0.32; I= 53%; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the reasonable insertion success rate and safety profile of SGAs demonstrated in this meta-analysis, the analysis remains underpowered and therefore inconclusive. At present, further studies are required before the use of an SGA as the first-line airway for an elective CD can be recommended.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Cesárea/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Adulto , Equipamentos e Provisões/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Gravidez
18.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 232, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The challenges posed by the spread of COVID-19 disease through aerosols have compelled anesthesiologists to modify their airway management practices. Devices such as barrier boxes are being considered as potential adjuncts to full PPE's to limit the aerosol spread. Usage of the barrier box raises concerns of delay in time to intubate (TTI). We designed our study to determine if using a barrier box with glidescope delays TTI within acceptable parameters to make relevant clinical conclusions. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients were enrolled in this prospective non-inferiority controlled trial and were randomly allocated to either group C (without the barrier box) or the study group BB (using barrier box). The primary measured endpoint is time to intubate (TTI), which is defined as time taken from loss of twitches confirmed with a peripheral nerve stimulator to confirmation of end-tidal CO 2. 15 s was used as non-inferiority margin for the purpose of the study. We used an unpaired two-sample single-sided t-test to test our non- inferiority hypothesis (H 0: Mean TTI diff ≥15 s, H A: Mean TTI diff < 15 s). Secondary endpoints include the number of attempts at intubation, lowest oxygen saturation during induction, and the need for bag-mask ventilation. RESULTS: Mean TTI in group C was 42 s (CI 19.2 to 64.8) vs. 52.1 s (CI 26.1 to 78) in group BB. The difference in mean TTI was 10.1 s (CI -∞ to 14.9). We rejected the null hypothesis and concluded with 95% confidence that the difference of the mean TTI between the groups is less than < 15 s (95% CI -∞ to 14.9,p = 0.0461). Our induction times were comparable (67.7 vs. 65.9 s).100% of our patients were intubated on the first attempt in both groups. None of our patients needed rescue breaths. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in patients with normal airway exam, scheduled for elective surgeries, our barrier box did not cause any clinically significant delay in TTI when airway manipulation is performed by well-trained providers. The study was retrospectively registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04411056) on May 27, 2020.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Anestesiologia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Aerossóis , Idoso , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Anestesiologistas/organização & administração , Anestesiologia/instrumentação , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...