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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5557-5566, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: E- and P-cadherin (E-cadh, P-cadh) control tumor cell invasion, metastatic or stemness potential and chemotherapy resistance. The study aimed to assess E- and P-cadherin expression in breast cancer molecular subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for E-cadh and P-cadh was performed for 97 breast cancer cases. Membrane (M), cytoplasmic (C) or mixed (MC) patterns of E-cadh and P-cadh were considered in our evaluation. RESULTS: E-cadh and P-cadh C pattern was significantly correlated in the HER2 subtype (p=0.031). P-cadh M pattern was highly specific for the HER2 subtype (p=0.002). Only P-cadh C characterized the triple negative breast cancer subtype (p=0.015). For Luminal B/HER2 cases, P-cadh M pattern was strongly coexpressed with the E-cadh MC pattern (p=0.012). Progesterone receptor (PR) expression influenced E-cadh M pattern in the Luminal B/HER2 subtype (p=0.042). CONCLUSION: E- and P-cadherins define distinct subgroups within breast cancer molecular subtypes. Our findings support the inclusion of E- and P-cadherin into breast cancer molecular classification.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Caderinas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Receptores de Progesterona/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/classificação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5593-5600, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite improved treatment for gastric cancer (GC), the prognosis of advanced disease remains poor. Further investigation of the oncogenic sequence for GC is needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of TYRO3 protein tyrosine kinase in five GC cell lines was confirmed using western blotting. TYRO3 knockdown in GC cells, and bromodeoxyuridine and Transwell assays were used to examine the functions of TYRO3 in tumor proliferation and invasion. Finally, TYRO3 expression in 138 patients who underwent curative gastric resection for advanced GC (Union for International Cancer Control stage II/III) was tested by immunohistochemistry, and the association between prognosis and TYRO3 expression was analyzed. RESULTS: TYRO3 was detected at various levels in all the tested GC cell lines. Deleting TYRO3 significantly suppressed proliferation and invasion. Immunohistochemistry revealed TYRO3 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with GC. CONCLUSION: TYRO3 appears to mediate tumor progression and predict prognosis of patients with GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Idoso , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5611-5620, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cell characteristics and drug resistance of colorectal cancer are associated with failure of cancer treatment. In this study, we investigated the effects of PrPC on cancer stem cell characteristics, migration, invasion, and drug resistance of 5FU-resistant CRC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PrPC negative and PrPC positive cells were isolated from 5FU-resistant CRC cells using magnetic activated cell sorting. Sphere formation, cancer stem cell marker expression, migration, invasion, and drug resistance were analyzed. RESULTS: PrPC positive cells showed increased sphere formation capacity and increased expression of cancer stem cell markers compared to PrPC negative cells. In addition, PrPC positive cells showed increased migration, invasion and drug resistance compared to PrPC negative cells. Furthermore, knockdown of PrPC abolished these effects. CONCLUSION: PrPC expression is important in CRC cell behavior, such as sphere formation, migration, invasion, and drug resistance. PrPC is an important therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Proteínas Priônicas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Nature ; 585(7824): 283-287, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814897

RESUMO

The risk of cancer and associated mortality increases substantially in humans from the age of 65 years onwards1-6. Nonetheless, our understanding of the complex relationship between age and cancer is still in its infancy2,3,7,8. For decades, this link has largely been attributed to increased exposure time to mutagens in older individuals. However, this view does not account for the established role of diet, exercise and small molecules that target the pace of metabolic ageing9-12. Here we show that metabolic alterations that occur with age can produce a systemic environment that favours the progression and aggressiveness of tumours. Specifically, we show that methylmalonic acid (MMA), a by-product of propionate metabolism, is upregulated in the serum of older people and functions as a mediator of tumour progression. We traced this to the ability of MMA to induce SOX4 expression and consequently to elicit transcriptional reprogramming that can endow cancer cells with aggressive properties. Thus, the accumulation of MMA represents a link between ageing and cancer progression, suggesting that MMA is a promising therapeutic target for advanced carcinomas.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Ácido Metilmalônico/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento/sangue , Envelhecimento/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Ácido Metilmalônico/sangue , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transcriptoma/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237222, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764784

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical early step in cancer metastasis and a complex process that involves multiple factors. In this study, we used proteomics approaches to investigate the secreted proteins (secretome) of paired human androgen-repressed prostate cancer (ARCaP) cell lines, representing the epithelial (ARCaP-E) and mesenchymal (ARCaP-M) phenotypes. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses showed high levels of proteins involved in bone remodeling and extracellular matrix degradation in the ARCaP-M cells, consistent with the bone metastasis phenotype. Furthermore, LC-MS/MS showed a significantly higher level of the serine protease granzyme B (GZMB) in ARCaP-M conditioned media (CM) compared to that of ARCaP-E. Using quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to detect mRNA and Western blot to detect protein expression, we further demonstrated that the GZMB gene was expressed by ARCaP-M and the protein was secreted extracellularly. ARCaP-M cells with GZMB gene knockdown using small interfering RNA (siRNA) have markedly reduced invasiveness as demonstrated by the Matrigel invasion assay in comparison with the scrambled siRNA negative control. This study reports that GZMB secretion by mesenchymal-like androgen-repressed human prostate cancer cells promotes invasion, suggesting a possible extracellular role for GZMB in addition to its classic role in immune cell-mediated cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Androgênios/metabolismo , Granzimas/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Granzimas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Regulação para Cima
6.
Life Sci ; 259: 118157, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735888

RESUMO

AIMS: Previous studies have demonstrated that circular RNAs play significant roles in several tumors, including lung adenocarcinoma; however, specific biological functions and molecular mechanisms underlying this process remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, we conducted real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) to measure hsa_circ_0001588 expression levels in 60 paired lung adenocarcinoma tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, the association between hsa_circ_0001588 and clinical features of lung adenocarcinoma was analyzed. Functional experiments were conducted to assess the influence of hsa_circ_0001588 on proliferation, migration, and invasion in lung adenocarcinoma cells. We detected possible downstream targets of hsa_circ_0001588 using bioinformatics analysis. Luciferase reporter assays, qRT-PCR, and western blotting assays were performed to verify the molecular mechanism underlying hsa_circ_0001588 functions. KEY FINDINGS: We found that hsa_circ_0001588 was prominently upregulated in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and cell lines; elevated expression of hsa_circ_0001588 was positively correlated with poor clinicopathological features of lung adenocarcinoma. Functional experiments revealed that hsa_circ_0001588 acts as an oncogene to promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma in vitro. Mechanistically, hsa_circ_0001588 promoted the proliferation, migration, and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma by binding to miR-524-3p to promote nucleus accumbens-associated protein 1(NACC1) expression. SIGNIFICANCE: Together, our results revealed that hsa_circ_0001588 upregulated the expression of NACC1 by combining with miR-524-3p to promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells, suggesting that hsa_circ_0001588 may be an underlying therapeutic target for lung adenocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Biologia Computacional , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prognóstico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237889, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817625

RESUMO

Tenascin-C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein that plays an important role in cell proliferation, migration, and tumour invasion in various cancers. TNC is one of the main protein overexpressed in breast cancer, indicating a role for this ECM molecule in cancer pathology. In this study we have evaluated the TNC loss-off-function in breast cancer cells. In our approach, we used dsRNA sharing sequence homology with TNC mRNA, called ATN-RNA. We present the data showing the effects of ATN-RNA in MDA-MB-231 cells both in monolayer and three-dimensional culture. Cells treated with ATN-RNA were analyzed for phenotypic alterations in proliferation, migration, adhesion, cell cycle, multi-caspase activation and the involvement in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes. As complementary analysis the oncogenomic portals were used to assess the clinical implication of TNC expression on breast cancer patient's survival, showing the TNC overexpression associated with a poor survival outcome. Our approach applied first in brain tumors and then in breast cancer cell lines reveals that ATN-RNA significantly diminishes the cell proliferation, migration and additionally, reverses the mesenchymal cells phenotype to the epithelial one. Thus, TNC could be considered as the universal target in different types of tumors, where TNC overexpression is associated with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/genética , Tenascina/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Prognóstico , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/farmacologia , Tenascina/antagonistas & inibidores
8.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The importance of clinical outcome prediction models using artificial intelligence (AI) is being emphasized owing to the increasing necessity of developing a clinical decision support system (CDSS) employing AI. Therefore, in this study, we proposed a "Dr. Answer" AI software based on the clinical outcome prediction model for prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy. METHODS: The Dr. Answer AI was developed based on a clinical outcome prediction model, with a user-friendly interface. We used 7,128 clinical data of prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy from three hospitals. An outcome prediction model was developed to calculate the probability of occurrence of 1) tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) staging, 2) extracapsular extension, 3) seminal vesicle invasion, and 4) lymph node metastasis. Random forest and k-nearest neighbors algorithms were used, and the proposed system was compared with previous algorithms. RESULTS: Random forest exhibited good performance for TNM staging (recall value: 76.98%), while k-nearest neighbors exhibited good performance for extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, and lymph node metastasis (80.24%, 98.67%, and 95.45%, respectively). The Dr. Answer AI software consisted of three primary service structures: 1) patient information, 2) clinical outcome prediction, and outcomes according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline. CONCLUSION: The proposed clinical outcome prediction model could function as an effective CDSS, supporting the decisions of the physicians, while enabling the patients to understand their treatment outcomes. The Dr. Answer AI software for prostate cancer helps the doctors to explain the treatment outcomes to the patients, allowing the patients to be more confident about their treatment plans.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Probabilidade , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Glândulas Seminais/patologia , Glândulas Seminais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3617, 2020 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680998

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) progression is characterized by the seeding of cancer cells in different anatomic sites. To characterize this evolutionary process, we interrogated, by whole genome sequencing, 25 samples collected at autopsy from 4 patients with relapsed MM and an additional set of 125 whole exomes collected from 51 patients. Mutational signatures analysis showed how cytotoxic agents introduce hundreds of unique mutations in each surviving cancer cell, detectable by bulk sequencing only in cases of clonal expansion of a single cancer cell bearing the mutational signature. Thus, a unique, single-cell genomic barcode can link chemotherapy exposure to a discrete time window in a patient's life. We leveraged this concept to show that MM systemic seeding is accelerated at relapse and appears to be driven by the survival and subsequent expansion of a single myeloma cell following treatment with high-dose melphalan therapy and autologous stem cell transplant.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Evolução Clonal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Progressão da Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Melfalan/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Mutação/efeitos dos fármacos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Análise de Célula Única , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
10.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(7): 1299-1312, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551879

RESUMO

Although advances have been made in the development of antiangiogenesis targeted therapy and surgery, metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is still incurable. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is mainly expressed in a variety of germ and somatic cells, and induces somatic hypermutation and class-switch recombination, playing a vital role in antibody diversification. We confirmed that AID was expressed at a higher level in ccRCC tissues than in the corresponding nontumor renal tissues. We explored the impact of AID on ccRCC proliferation, invasion, and migration. In 769-p and 786-0 cells, expression of an AID-specific short hairpin RNA significantly reduced AID expression, which markedly inhibited tumor cell invasion, proliferation, and migration. Previous studies showed that AID is associated with Wnt ligand secretion mediator (WLS/GPR177), cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), and stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) regulation, which was further confirmed in human ccRCC tissues. Therefore, we studied the relationship between AID and these three molecules, and the impact of AID on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in ccRCC. WLS/GPR177, SDF-1/CXCL12, and CDK4 were sensitive to 5-azacytidine (a DNA demethylation agent), which reverted the inhibition of carcinogenesis caused by AID repression. In summary, AID is an oncogene that might induce tumorigenesis through DNA demethylation. Targeting AID may represent a novel therapeutic approach to treat metastatic ccRCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Citidina Desaminase/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Fenótipo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética
11.
Immunol Med ; 43(3): 121-129, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546118

RESUMO

The roles of interleukin-22 (IL-22) in carcinogenesis have been proposed in various neoplasms. Increased expression of IL-22 has been observed in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) lesions as well as in other cancers. OSCC is still associated with poor prognosis and a high mortality rate because of its invasiveness and frequent lymph node metastasis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of IL-22 on OSCC cells. The human OSCC cell lines Ca9-22 and SAS were stimulated with IL-22 (1-10 ng/mL), and their migration abilities were examined using a cell scratch assay. A Matrigel invasion assay was performed to evaluate the invasion abilities of OSCC cells. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) phosphorylation, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related genes and proteins were also examined. IL-22 treatment promoted the migration and invasion abilities of OSCC cells without increasing their viability. IL-22 stimulation also induced STAT3 phosphorylation, MMP-9 activity and EMT-related genes and proteins. Our findings suggest that IL-22 has possible roles in the development of OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucinas/efeitos adversos , Interleucinas/fisiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Fosforilação/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
12.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 689: 108469, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590069

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are usually dysregulated in the progression of pancreatic cancer. This research aims to explore the function and mechanism of LINC00261 in pancreatic cancer cell viability, invasion and apoptosis. Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was applied to analyze the association between survival probability of patients and level of LINC00261 or miR-23a-3p in pancreatic cancer. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was conducted to analyze the levels of LINC00261 and miR-23a-3p. Cell viability, invasion and apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells were determined via MTT, transwell invasion assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. The target relationship between LINC00261 and miR-23a-3p was determined via dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. Low level of LINC00261 indicated low survival probability of pancreatic cancer patients. LINC00261 level was decreased in pancreatic cancer cells than that in normal pancreatic ductal epithelial cells. Addition of LINC00261 restrained cell viability and invasion and facilitated apoptosis. miR-23a-3p was negatively correlated with LINC00261 level and high expression of miR-23a-3p indicated low survival probability. miR-23a-3p was targeted by LINC00261 and attenuated the influence of LINC00261 on pancreatic cancer cell viability, invasion and apoptosis. In conclusion, LINC00261 overexpression repressed cell viability and invasion and enhanced apoptosis by decreasing miR-23a-3p expression in pancreatic cancer cells, indicating a new target for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia
13.
Am J Chin Med ; 48(4): 1021-1034, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471314

RESUMO

Codonopsis lanceolata roots have been widely used in Korean cuisine and traditional medicine. This study aimed to investigate the antimetastatic effects of lancemaside A, a major triterpenoid saponin, isolated from the roots of C. lanceolata, in human ovarian cancer cells. Lancemaside A significantly suppressed the migration and invasion and the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-2 and -9 in ovarian cancer A2780 and SKOV3 cells. Treatment with lancemaside A generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) in ovarian cancer cells. However, treatment with anti-oxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) significantly negated the anti-invasive activity of lancemaside A. Additionally, lancemaside A activated p38 MAP kinase, which is mediated by ROS generation. This is the first study, to our knowledge, to reveal that lancemaside A isolated from the roots of C. lanceolata exerts antimetastatic activity through inhibition of MMP expression and cancer cell invasion via activation of the ROS-mediated p38 pathway.


Assuntos
Codonopsis/química , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética
14.
Hum Cell ; 33(3): 780-789, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409958

RESUMO

Emerging evidences have indicated that abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) contributed to carcinogenesis of ovarian cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of many aberrant expressed miRNAs was not known. Here, we discovered that miR-1224-5p was a downregulated miRNA in ovarian cancer via bioinformatic analysis and RT-qPCR. It was found that upregulation of miR-1224-5p inhibited cell proliferation and invasion ability of ovarian cancer cells. SND1, a well-characterized oncogene, was predicted as a target gene of miR-1224-5p. The western blotting, dual luciferase reporter assay, RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation assay, and RT-qPCR demonstrated SND1 as a target gene of miR-1224-5p in ovarian cancer. MiR-1224-5p inhibited the expression of mesenchymal markers and increased the expression of epithelial markers in ovarian cancer cells via targeting SND1, indicating miR-1224-5p was involved in epithelial mesenchymal transition. The rescue assay manifested that miR-1224-5p-regulated cell proliferation and invasion mainly rely on downregulation of SND1 in ovarian cancer cells. In conclusion, our study revealed a direct regulatory association between miR-1224-5p and SND1 and their involvement in ovarian carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Endonucleases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos
15.
Hum Cell ; 33(3): 663-675, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409959

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate how Maspin affects the EMT and angiogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) cells via ITGB1/FAK pathway. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expressions of Maspin, ITGB1, FAK, E-cadherin, Vimentin, D2-40, and CD34 in GC and adjacent normal tissues from 160 patients. Then, the human GC cells with different degree of differentiation were transfected with Maspin CRISPR activation plasmid, ITGB1 siRNA and/or Maspin siRNA, followed by the following experiments, including qRT-PCR, western blotting, tube formation assay, Transwell assay and wound healing. GC tumor tissues manifested decreased Maspin with the activated ITGB1/FAK pathway. In tumor tissues, Maspin was negatively correlated with the expressions of ITGB1 and FAK, as well as Lauren's classification, differentiation degree, and TNM stage. Besides, Maspin was negatively related with lymphatic vessel density (LVD) and microvessel density (MVD), Vimentin and VEGF, but was positive correlated with E-cadherin. Maspin expression decreased, but ITGB1 and p-FAK expressions increased gradually in MKN-28 (well differentiated), SGC-7901 (moderate differentiated), and MKN-45 (poorly differentiated). Maspin CRISPR and ITGB1 siRNA increased E-cadherin with the decreased Vimentin, VEGF and bFGF, and the reductions of tube length. In comparison with the ITGB1 siRNA group, cells in the Maspin siRNA + ITGB1 siRNA group presented the more evident EMT and angiogenesis. Furthermore, ITGB1 siRNA reduced the malignancies of GC cells, which could be restored by Maspin siRNA. Maspin was downregulated in GC tissues, which could inhibit the EMT and angiogenesis by blocking the ITGB1/FAK pathway, thereby decreasing cell invasion and migration of GC.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/prevenção & controle , Serpinas/farmacologia , Serpinas/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Serpinas/uso terapêutico
16.
Hum Cell ; 33(3): 641-651, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419118

RESUMO

MiR-27b-3p has been reported to function as tumor suppressor in several tumors, including breast cancer and lung cancer. Recently, miR-27b-3p has been identified to be significantly down-regulated in esophageal cancer. However, the clinical significance and biological role of miR-27b-3p in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) still remain unclear. In this study, the expression levels of miR-27b-3p were significantly reduced in ESCC clinical tissues and ESCC cell lines (EC97069 and TE-1). Moreover, down-regulated expression of miR-27b-3p was associated with poor cell differentiation, TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Specially, overexpression of miR-27b-3p significantly suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro using CCK-8 and transwell assays. Targetscan bioinformatics predictions and luciferase reporter assay confirmed that nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NFE2L2, Nrf2) was a direct target gene of miR-27b-3p. Nrf2 expression was significantly increased in ESCC tissues compared with adjacent tissues. Up-regulated expression of Nrf2 was correlated with TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Functionally, knockdown of Nrf2 exhibited similar effects to overexpression of miR-27b-3p. Higher expression of ZO-1, E-cadherin and lower expression of N-cadherin, Vimentin and Claudin-1 were observed after miR-27b-3p overexpression of Nrf2 knockdown. Rescue experiments proved that miR-27b-3p suppressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) via suppression of Nrf2. Taken together, the newly identified miR-27b-3p/Nrf2 axis might represent a new candidate therapeutic target for ESCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Genes Supressores de Tumor , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética
17.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(6): 1041-1050, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401536

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of gynecological malignancies that seriously affects women's health. Mounting evidence demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) play important roles in various biological processes related to the pathogenesis of OC. This research aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism of lncRNA SCAMP1/miR-137/CXCL12 (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12) axis on OC progression. In this study, we found that SCAMP1 was highly expressed in OC cells, which promoted OC cell invasion and angiogenesis. In addition, our research confirmed that SCAMP1 could bind with miR-137, and SCAMP1 sponged miR-137 to accelerate the progression of OC. We also observed that CXCL12 was a downstream target gene for miR-137, and miR-137 targeted CXCL12 to participate in the regulation of OC. Finally, through TCGA database, we found that SCAMP1 (or CXCL12) was upregulated as well as miR-137 was downregulated in OC tissues, and high (or low) level of them was associated with poor prognosis. miR-137 expression was negatively correlated with SCAMP1 (or CXCL12) expression, and SCAMP1 expression was positively correlated with CXCL12 expression in OC. In summary, our study clarified the role of SCAMP1/miR-137/CXCL12 axis in OC, and this finding may provide a potential therapeutic target of OC.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Prognóstico
18.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(7): 1290-1298, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364763

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA SBF2 antisense RNA 1 (lncRNA SBF2-AS1) has been reported to be involved in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumorigenesis. However, the biological role and regulatory mechanism of lncRNA SBF2-AS1 on NSCLC metastasis remain largely unknown. In this study, the expression level and functional role of SBF2-AS1 were investigated in both NSCLC tissues and cell lines. We found that SBF2-AS1 was upregulated in both NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Patients with high levels of SBF2-AS1 have larger tumors, higher malignancy, and poor prognosis. Knockdown of SBF2-AS1 significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo and cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, and luciferase reporter assay proved that the upregulation of SBF2-AS1 was mediated by transcription factor E2F1. Further experiments demonstrated that miR-362-3p had complementary binding site with 3'-UTR of SBF2-AS1. Besides, luciferase reporter assay validated that GRB2 was the target protein of miR-362-3p. Rescue experiments showed that SBF2-AS1 silencing inhibited cell invasion and migration, while cotransfection si-SBF2-AS1 and miR-362-3p inhibitor rescued the effect of si-SBF2-AS1. These results demonstrate that E2F1-induced overexpression of SBF2-AS1 promotes the expression of GRB2 by targeting miR-362-3p to facilitate the metastasis of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/metabolismo , Proteína Adaptadora GRB2/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Células A549 , Sequência de Bases , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
19.
Life Sci ; 255: 117792, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416168

RESUMO

AIMS: Sex-determining region of Y chromosome-related high-mobility-group box 15 (SOX15) has recently emerged as a candidate tumor-inhibitor in multiple types of human tumors. To date, the involvement of SOX15 in glioma is undetermined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression, function and potential molecular mechanism of SOX15 in glioma. MAIN METHODS: Relative mRNA expression was analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR. Protein expression was determined by Western blot. Cell proliferation was assessed by cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assay. Cell invasion was evaluated by Matrigel invasion assay. Wnt/ß-catenin activation was monitored by luciferase reporter assay. KEY FINDINGS: SOX15 expression was decreased in glioma tissues and cell lines compared with normal controls. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with low expression of SOX15 had shorter survival than those who had high expression of SOX15. The upregulation of SOX15 markedly repressed the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells, whereas its depletion enhanced glioma cell proliferation and invasion. Research into the mechanism revealed that SOX15 exerted an inhibitory effect on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling in glioma cells. Notably, overexpression of ß-catenin partially reversed the SOX15 overexpression-mediated tumor-suppressive effect. In addition, SOX15 overexpression significantly impeded tumor formation by glioma cells in vivo in a mouse xenograft model associated with downregulation of active ß-catenin expression. SIGNIFICANCE: These data demonstrate that SOX15 functions as a potential tumor-suppressor in glioma by inhibiting cell proliferation and invasion via the downregulation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Glioma/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOX/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Glioma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/metabolismo
20.
Life Sci ; 255: 117826, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450163

RESUMO

MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to play critical role in the development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and hypoxia is a common hallmark of NSCLC. MiRNA-130a-3p (miR-130a) is a well-known tumor suppressor, and we intended to explore the role and mechanism of miR-130a in NSCLC cells under hypoxia. We used real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction method to measure miR-130a expression, and found that miR-130a was downregulated in human NSCLC tumors and cell lines (A549 and H1299), accompanied with upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1A), a marker of hypoxia. Besides, miR-130a low expression was associated with tumor burden and poor overall survival. Moreover, miR-130a expression was even downregulated in hypoxia-treated A549 and H1299 cells. Ectopic expression of miR-130a suppressed Warburg effect, migration and invasion in hypoxic A549 and H1299 cells, as evidenced by decreased glucose consumption, lactate production, hexokinase 2 expression, and numbers of migration cells and invasion cells analyzed by commercial glucose and lactate assay kits, western blotting and transwell assays. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-130a restrained xenograft tumor growth of A549 cells in mice. However, recovery of HIF1A could reverse the suppressive effect of miR-130a overexpression on cell migration, invasion and Warburg effect in hypoxic A549 and H1299 cells. Mechanically, dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA pull-down assay confirmed a target relationship between miR-130a and HIF1A. Collectively, we demonstrated an anti-tumor role of miR-130a in NSCLC cells under hypoxia through targeting HIF1A, suggesting a potential target for the interfering of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Células A549 , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Hipóxia Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Regulação para Cima , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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