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2.
Syst Rev ; 10(1): 43, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients are particularly vulnerable to COVID-19, partially owing to their compromised immune systems and curbed or cut cancer healthcare services caused by the pandemic. As a result, cancer caregivers may have to shoulder triple crises: the COVID-19 pandemic, pronounced healthcare needs from the patient, and elevated need for care from within. While technology-based health interventions have the potential to address unique challenges cancer caregivers face amid COVID-19, limited insights are available. Thus, to bridge this gap, we aim to identify technology-based interventions designed for cancer caregivers and report the characteristics and effects of these interventions concerning cancer caregivers' distinctive challenges amid COVID-19. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature will be conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Scopus from the database inception to the end of March 2021. Articles that center on technology-based interventions for cancer caregivers will be included in the review. The search strategy will be developed in consultation with an academic librarian who is experienced in systematic review studies. Titles, abstracts, and full-text articles will be screened against eligibility criteria developed a priori. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses procedures will be followed for the reporting process. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 has upended cancer care as we know it. Findings of this study can shed light on evidence-based and practical solutions cancer caregivers can utilize to mitigate the unique challenges they face amid COVID-19. Furthermore, results of this study will also offer valuable insights for researchers who aim to develop interventions for cancer caregivers in the context of COVID-19. In addition, we also expect to be able to identify areas for improvement that need to be addressed in order for health experts to more adequately help cancer caregivers weather the storm of global health crises like COVID-19 and beyond. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020196301.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Invenções , Neoplasias/enfermagem , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401479

RESUMO

In the digital era, technology innovation and adoption trigger economic growth and enhance CO2 emissions through productivity, which places it in the mainstream policy debate. For BRICS economies, this paper uses the first method proposed in the literature to quantify their information and communication technology (ICT) and innovatively links each country to their information technology adoption rate, as a surrogate indicator for measuring information and communication technology. Environmental Kuznets curve evidence is also examined, using technology innovation, technology adoption, and trade openness as the control variables for sustainable development. The results show that two out of three technology innovation instruments, fixed telephone, and broadband subscriptions increase CO2 emissions. Simultaneously, mobile cellular subscriptions have a lowering effect on CO2 emission in BRICS. The technology adoption indicators, high-technology exports, and electric power consumption also cause an upsurge in CO2 emission. Moreover, trade openness also enriches the level of CO2 emission in the BRICS regions. There is a need to devise technology innovation and adoption policies to better use technology and to ensure a green environment.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Invenções , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Tecnologia , Brasil , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Humanos , Índia , Políticas , Federação Russa , África do Sul , Tecnologia/organização & administração
5.
Res Dev Disabil ; 109: 103852, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Screening and diagnostic assessments tools for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are important to administer during childhood to facilitate timely entry into intervention services that can promote developmental outcomes across the lifespan. However, assessment services are not always readily available to families, as they require significant time and resources. Currently, in-person screening and diagnostic assessments for ASD are limited due to the COVID-19 pandemic and will continue to be a concern for situations that limit in-person contact. Thus, it is important to expand the modalities in which child assessments are provided, including the use of technology. AIMS: This systematic review aims to identify technologies that screen or assess for ASD in 0-12 year-old children, summarizing the current state of the field and suggesting future directions. METHODS: An electronic database search was conducted to gather relevant articles to synthesize for this review. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: 16 studies reported use of novel technology to assess children suspected of ASD. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Results strongly supported live-video evaluations, video observations, and online or phone methods, but there is a need for research targeting the feasibility of these methods as it applies to the stay-at-home orders required by the pandemic, and other situations that limit clients from seeing providers in-person.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento , Telemedicina/métodos , /epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Invenções , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/tendências
7.
J Environ Manage ; 280: 111818, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360390

RESUMO

To verify how does the development of technological innovation effectively mitigate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, this study first investigates the direct impacts and moderating effects of technological innovation, measured by the development of patents on CO2 emissions by employing a balanced panel dataset for 35 OECD countries covering 1996-2015. Also, to examine the potential heterogeneity and asymmetry, the panel quantile regression approach is utilized. The empirical results indicate that technological innovation directly reduces CO2 emissions; however, this impact is significantly heterogeneous and asymmetric across quantiles. Furthermore, through analyzing the influencing mechanism, the technological innovation affects the impacts of economic growth and renewable energy through its moderating effects. Moreover, the moderating effects of technological innovation is also heterogenous. Accordingly, the main contribution of this study is that the potential heterogeneity and asymmetry of both the direct impact and moderating effect of technological innovation on CO2 emissions in OECD countries are systematically analyzed by employing the panel quantile regression approach.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Invenções , Energia Renovável
8.
Clin Anat ; 34(1): 108-114, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681805

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had enormous effects on anatomy education. During the pandemic, students have had no access to cadavers, which has been the principal way to learn anatomy since the 17th century. As it is difficult to predict future access to cadavers for students or in-person classes, anatomy educators are encouraged to revisit all possible teaching methods in order to develop innovations. Here, we review anatomy education methods to apply to current and future education.


Assuntos
Anatomia/educação , Cadáver , Dissecação , Educação a Distância , Invenções , Impressão Tridimensional , Realidade Virtual , Educação Médica/métodos , Humanos , Plastinação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Mídias Sociais , Ensino , Materiais de Ensino , Gravação em Vídeo
9.
Lancet Digit Health ; 2(1): e1, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328032

Assuntos
Invenções , Humanos
10.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242981, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347480

RESUMO

Industrial-technological innovation (ITI) has become an important requirement for the sustainable development of China. ITI development requires a comprehensive understanding of the dynamic complexity associated with ITI systems. Previous research into ITI systems is based primarily on static methods that isolate system components, and ignore feedback on adjustments made. Based on systems thinking, this paper develop six archetypes ("Limit to Growth," "Success to the Successful," "Tragedy of the Commons," "Fixes that Fail," "Accidental Adversaries," and "Shifting the Burden") and an ITI system integration model. The model visualizes the ITI system as a whole and identifies bottlenecks that may affect ITI development. This conceptual model provides a more effective method of judgment, which can better explain the operational mechanism of the ITI system and improve the system's operational characteristics. Finally, we evaluate the ITI system and propose that self-organization is a key lever of a systemic intervention framework for ITI.


Assuntos
Indústrias , Invenções , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
11.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244083, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The answer to this article lies in: Does the financial activities of physical enterprises have an adverse impact on their main business? Is it conducive to the sustainable development of the national economy? However, when most scholars study the impact of environmental regulations on companies performance, they have not classified companies performance. This article will study the relationship between environmental regulations and performance levels based on the classification of companies performance, and then divide the nature of industry pollution, companies location and nature of property for in-depth research. METHODS: First, this article uses a random effect variable-intercept model to measure companies financial performance and non-financial performance. Then, the variables are divided into two variable groups: light pollution and heavy pollution according to the nature of industry pollution. Next, the companies are divided into three variable groups: the eastern region, the central region, and the western region. Finally, the company is divided into two variable groups: state-owned and non-state-owned according to the nature of property. CONCLUSIONS: The study found that: (1) Environmental regulations have inhibited companies financial activities. And the inhibitory effect of environmental regulations on the financial performance of enterprises is more obvious in the heavily polluting industries and enterprises in central and eastern regions. (2) Environmental regulations and companies non-financial performance are also negatively related, environmental regulations have also inhibited the non-financial performance of companies, this effect is more pronounced in heavily polluting industries and enterprises in western regions. (3) Income crowding effect brought by China's environmental regulations is greater than the income compensation effect brought by stimulating technological innovation.


Assuntos
Comércio/legislação & jurisprudência , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência , Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle , Invenções/legislação & jurisprudência , Desenvolvimento Sustentável/legislação & jurisprudência , China , Comércio/economia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/economia , Humanos , Invenções/economia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável/economia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317027

RESUMO

High-polluting industries are regarded as the main sources of air pollutant emissions and the major factors that significantly destroy the ecological environment. Corporate innovation in high-polluting industries improves the energy consumption efficiency and reduces the emission of air pollutant, which mitigates the conflict between environment and economy. Using the sample of China's listed firms from 2010 to 2017, this study examines the impact of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financialization on corporate innovation in high-polluting industries. The results show that there is a positive association between CSR and corporate innovation, while there is a negative association between financialization and corporate innovation. Furthermore, the financialization of high-polluting firms can alleviate the promotion role of CSR in the innovation process. The financialization of state-owned enterprises in high-polluting industries may not have a crowding-out effect on research and development (R&D), but it can limit the R&D promotion effect of CSR engagements. In contrast, the financialization of non-state-owned enterprises will hinder corporate innovation, but it will not affect the association between CSR and technology innovation. We also find that the financialization of high-polluting firms with low financial constraints can alleviate the promotion role of CSR engagements in innovation. Meanwhile, the CSR engagements of high-polluting firms with high financial constraints play a stronger role in corporate innovation. During the implementation of environmental policies, the negative association between financialization and corporate innovation has been strengthened. Our findings can encourage high-polluting firms to make more efforts in environmental protection and social stability.


Assuntos
Poluição Ambiental , Corporações Profissionais , Responsabilidade Social , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/estatística & dados numéricos , Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústrias/ética , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Invenções , Corporações Profissionais/ética , Corporações Profissionais/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
J Diabetes Sci Technol ; 14(6): 1107-1110, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050727

RESUMO

With the recent pivot to telehealth as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is an imperative to ensure that access to affordable devices and technologies with remote monitoring capabilities for people with diabetes becomes equitable. In addition, expanding the use of remote Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSMES) and Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) services will require new strategies for achieving long-term, effective, continuous, data-driven care. The current COVID-19 pandemic has especially impacted underserved US communities that were already disproportionately impacted by diabetes. Historically, these same communities have faced barriers in accessing timely and effective diabetes care including access to DSMES and MNT services, and diabetes technologies. Our call to action encourages all involved to urge US Federal representatives to widen access to the array of technologies necessary for successful telehealth-delivered care beyond COVID-19.


Assuntos
Computação em Nuvem/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/tendências , Assistência de Saúde Universal , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Democracia , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Invenções/tendências , Área Carente de Assistência Médica , Pandemias , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/organização & administração , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Autogestão/métodos , Autogestão/tendências , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/organização & administração
16.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1747-1751, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To identify the spheres in which it is forbidden to patent the results of medical researches and as a consequence there is no legal protection of biotechnological inventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research material is a modern European regulatory framework that establishes the basic principles for patentability of biotechnological inventions. The methods of information retrieval, analysis, systematization, and generalization were used in this article. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The Court of Justice has categorically stated that inventions that use human embryonic cells cannot be used for industrial or commercial purposes and therefore cannot be patented. In connection with this prohibition, the Court of Justice provided a unified definition of "embryo" and determined that it could be considered a dividing human egg, but only if it had a real ability to develop into a human. That is, the determining factor is not the beginning of the process of cell proliferation, but their real ability to become human. These decisions have become crucial for the development of research and the use of their results in therapeutic activities in the EU.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia , Invenções , Humanos
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(17)2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887338

RESUMO

COVID-19 has shown a relatively low case fatality rate in young healthy individuals, with the majority of this group being asymptomatic or having mild symptoms. However, the severity of the disease among the elderly as well as in individuals with underlying health conditions has caused significant mortality rates worldwide. Understanding this variance amongst different sectors of society and modelling this will enable the different levels of risk to be determined to enable strategies to be applied to different groups. Long-established compartmental epidemiological models like SIR and SEIR do not account for the variability encountered in the severity of the SARS-CoV-2 disease across different population groups. The objective of this study is to investigate how a reduction in the exposure of vulnerable individuals to COVID-19 can minimise the number of deaths caused by the disease, using the UK as a case study. To overcome the limitation of long-established compartmental epidemiological models, it is proposed that a modified model, namely SEIR-v, through which the population is separated into two groups regarding their vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 is applied. This enables the analysis of the spread of the epidemic when different contention measures are applied to different groups in society regarding their vulnerability to the disease. A Monte Carlo simulation (100,000 runs) along the proposed SEIR-v model is used to study the number of deaths which could be avoided as a function of the decrease in the exposure of vulnerable individuals to the disease. The results indicate a large number of deaths could be avoided by a slight realistic decrease in the exposure of vulnerable groups to the disease. The mean values across the simulations indicate 3681 and 7460 lives could be saved when such exposure is reduced by 10% and 20% respectively. From the encouraging results of the modelling a number of mechanisms are proposed to limit the exposure of vulnerable individuals to the disease. One option could be the provision of a wristband to vulnerable people and those without a smartphone and contact-tracing app, filling the gap created by systems relying on smartphone apps only. By combining very dense contact tracing data from smartphone apps and wristband signals with information about infection status and symptoms, vulnerable people can be protected and kept safer.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Saúde Pública/métodos , Quarentena/organização & administração , Populações Vulneráveis , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Diretrizes para o Planejamento em Saúde , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Invenções/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/normas , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Administração em Saúde Pública/métodos , Quarentena/métodos , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 737-740, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993257

RESUMO

Liver transplantation(LT) is the "crown" of surgery and is also an important manifestation of national medical standards. In the past half century, China has made remarkable progress in LT. Currently, China is the second largest country of LT world widely and presents an international advanced level in the efficacy of LT. However, it is notable that there are still many bottlenecks to be solved in China. In the era of precision medicine and big data, the basic research of LT is largely lagging behind and unable to meet the rapid development of clinical needs. Strengthen the basic research of LT is a breakthrough strategy in rejuvenating the country through science and technology in the new era. A high-quality professional research team should be built through multi-disciplinary cooperation and superior resources gathering. Researcher's innovative thinking and strategic vision should be cultivated via the learning of new technologies (e.g., single-cell exploration and multi-omics analysis) and new courses (e.g., transplant oncology and transplant immunology). Government investment also needs to be increased to speed up the nurturing of high-level talents and get great achievements. Basic research is the driving force for China to become a leading country in LT.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Transplante de Fígado , China , Humanos , Invenções , Transplante de Fígado/normas
19.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 852-857, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927508

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the digestive tract. Although GIST has only been recognized as a separate entity for several decades, management strategies for GIST have changed dramatically over time. Advances in treatment have yielded dramatic successes in improving prognosis of patients with GIST. However, the meaningful progress also brings escalating social and economic burdens. There is a long distance between technological breakthroughs and its real benefits of society. Due to the rapid development in a short period, successful experience in disease diagnosis and treatment and the accompanying problems have appeared in a more concentrated and obvious manner. Any medical science exploration and practice initially aim to have the essence of humanism. As practitioners of medical technology, doctors should treat patients as a whole "human" in the process of diagnosis and treatment instead of just focusing on the technology itself. Moreover, doctors should comprehensively consider patients' physical, psychological and social attributes, pay attention to their physical, mental and social needs, find and try to solve problems, so as to promote the developement of medical science in the correct direction.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/terapia , Saúde Holística , Humanos , Invenções , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Prognóstico
20.
Ann Glob Health ; 86(1): 109, 2020 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944506

RESUMO

Background: Korea has achieved health policy objectives in pandemic management so far, namely minimizing mortality, flattening the epidemic curve, and limiting the socio-economic burden of its measures. The key to the Korean government's success in combating COVID-19 lies with the latest digital technologies (DTs). The prompt and effective application of DTs facilitates both containment as well as mitigation strategies and their sub-policy measures. Methods: This article uses an experiential analysis based on an exploratory case study - analysis on field applications of the government's interventions. Information is collected by qualitative methods such as literature analysis, meeting materials, and a review of various government reports (including internal ones) along with academic and professional experiences of the authors. Findings: The article presents the unique Korean health policy approaches in the COVID-19 crisis. First, DTs allow the Korean government to embrace various policy measures together listed in containment strategy, namely altering and warning, epidemiological investigation, quarantine of contacts, case-finding, social distancing, and mask-wearing. Second, DTs allow Korea to integrate containment and mitigation strategies simultaneously. Along with the above measures in containment, healthcare service, medical treatment, and prophylaxis (presymptomatic testing) within mitigation are utilized to prevent a COVID-19 spread. Conclusions: Korea develops DTs in an integrated manner in the early pandemic stage under strong and coordinated government leadership. Above all, the DTs' functions in each pandemic developmental stage are continuously upgraded. Instead of prioritizing policy measures or strategies, therefore, Korea can implement diverse policies simultaneously by integrating DTs effectively. During the COVID-19 outbreak, DTs work as the enablers to connect these two strategies and their measures in Korea. Recommendations: DTs should be at the center of the disaster management paradigm, especially during a pandemic. DTs are facilitators and integrators of containing and mitigating strategies and their policy measures.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus , Regulamentação Governamental , Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Invenções/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Gestão da Qualidade Total , Betacoronavirus , Defesa Civil/métodos , Defesa Civil/organização & administração , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/instrumentação , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Gestão da Qualidade Total/métodos , Gestão da Qualidade Total/organização & administração
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