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1.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 40(1): 29-42, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639071

RESUMO

In early December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the global pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) commenced in Wuhan, China, and WHO declared the outbreak a pandemic and Public Health Emergency of International Concern. An ample number of clinical trials with multiple drugs is underway to overcome the current perilous condition. Still, the situation is alarming with no therapeutic measure in our hand at present. Keeping the present scenario in mind, this review comprises the research, clinical knowledge, and repurposed herbals with regard to COVID-19. Preventive measures such as yoga, nasal breathing, and herbal administration could also provide protection and beneficial effects against coronavirus. Innumerable clinical trials are ongoing to manage COVID-19 and the drugs were selected on the basis of life cycle of coronavirus. The selection of herbals was done on the basis of the previous reported pharmacological activities and docking study. The results concluded that garlic, liquorice, and Ashwagandha have a potential against SARS-CoV-2, which was further proved via a docking study and their reported biological functions. The very well-known fact "prevention is always better than cure" is applied to overcome with coronavirus infection. It is expected that following the preventive measures could impede or lessen the adverse effect of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Fitoterapia , /tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida , Óxido Nítrico/uso terapêutico , Plantas Medicinais , Ioga
2.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 95, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report a high-risk case of a coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19)-positive patient with comorbidities including diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), hypothyroidism and chronic kidney disease (CKD), treated successfully using an integrative therapy plan based on Ayurveda and Yoga, along with government-mandated compulsory modern western medicine (MWM) treatment. Recently, some evidence has been emerging on the use of Ayurveda for treatment of COVID-19. The classical texts of Ayurvedic medicine such as Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita contain descriptions of pandemics of similar proportions and describe them as Janapadoddhvansa, meaning the destruction of communities, along with their causes and treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: The case reported herein is a 55-year-old man from Delhi, India, with confirmed (tested) COVID-19, who first took MWM for 7 days before seeking integrative therapy. The patient has comorbidities including DM, HTN, hypothyroidism and CKD and had developed symptoms including fever (which was resolved by the time integrative therapy was started), sore throat, dry cough, body aches, weakness, bad taste and smell, and heaviness in the abdomen. Based on the patient's symptoms and comorbidities, a treatment plan including Ayurvedic medicines, Yoga protocol, dietary recommendations and lifestyle modifications was prescribed by a registered Ayurveda doctor and a Yoga consultant. The patient started experiencing improvement in all the symptoms within 2 days after starting the treatment; he reported approximately [Formula: see text] relief from the symptoms after 5 days, and almost complete relief within 9 days. Also, the blood sugar levels (both fasting blood sugar [FBS] and postprandial blood sugar [PPBS]) exhibited significant improvement after 5 days, and decreased to within the normal range within 12 days. Besides relief in symptoms, the patient's real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test done on the 19th day returned negative results. CONCLUSIONS: Integrative therapy was found to be effective in mitigating the symptoms of COVID-19 in this patient with multiple comorbidities. Moreover, a significant improvement in blood sugar levels (not under control with modern medicine) was also achieved. Integrative therapy based on the classical texts of Ayurveda and Yoga may offer a promising and scalable treatment option for COVID-19 patients. A case series or a suitably designed randomized controlled trial is needed to assess its efficacy.


Assuntos
/terapia , Medicina Integrativa/métodos , Medicina Ayurvédica/métodos , Ioga , /complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/terapia , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Hipotireoidismo/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
4.
Sr Care Pharm ; 36(2): 66-67, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509329

RESUMO

Veronica Riera-Gilley partners with certified yoga therapist Angel Brownlee to discuss the adaptability of a yoga practice to an older person's unique movement needs as they progress through late-life to end-of-life. The authors discuss the benefits of and provide resources for yoga therapy.


Assuntos
Meditação , Terapias Mente-Corpo/métodos , Ioga , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos
5.
Rev Infirm ; 70(267): 35-36, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455679

RESUMO

A discipline for body and mind oriented towards calming and inner tranquillity, yoga is counting more and more adepts in our hectic societies. Many health care institutions now offer yoga classes for teams to help professionals manage stress, relieve pain and bring about a sense of well-being. A nurse testifies to the benefits of this practice.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Ioga , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418907

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, entire populations were instructed to live in home-confinement to prevent the expansion of the disease. Spain was one of the countries with the strictest conditions, as outdoor physical activity was banned for nearly two months. This study aimed to analyse the changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviours in Spanish university students before and during the confinement by COVID-19 with special focus on gender. We also analysed enjoyment, the tools used and motivation and impediments for doing physical activity. An online questionnaire, which included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form and certain "ad hoc" questions, was designed. Students were recruited by distributing an invitation through the administrative channels of 16 universities and a total of 13,754 valid surveys were collected. Overall, university students reduced moderate (-29.5%) and vigorous (-18.3%) physical activity during the confinement and increased sedentary time (+52.7%). However, they spent more time on high intensity interval training (HIIT) (+18.2%) and mind-body activities (e.g., yoga) (+80.0%). Adaptation to the confinement, in terms of physical activity, was handled better by women than by men. These results will help design strategies for each gender to promote physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour during confinement periods.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Ioga , Adulto Jovem
7.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 93: 104319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Considering dementia has no definite curative intervention available through modern medical management, alternative therapeutic symptomatic interventions are needed urgently. This systematic review with meta-analysis evaluated whether yoga-related practices, as a preventive mind-body therapy, is effective for the management of cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Seven electronic databases (Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Age Line, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched using specified inclusion criteria to identify original studies that investigated the effects of yoga-related mind-body therapies on cognitive function, in the context of aging. A meta-analysis was also carried out calculating the overall effect sizes, expressed as standardized mean differences (i.e., d). RESULTS: Twelve studies, including 912 participants (73.9% female; 239 with and 673 without cognitive impairment) were selected for this review; eleven were randomized controlled trials. One study had a high risk of bias and was excluded from the meta-analysis. Studies involved a wide variety of yoga practices with a common focus on meditative postural exercises. Results revealed significant beneficial effects on memory (Cohen's d = 0.38), executive function (Cohen's d = 0.40), and attention and processing speed (Cohen's d = 0.33). No adverse effects were reported. DISCUSSION: Yoga-related mind-body interventions for older adults appear to be safe, feasible, and effective alternative practice for maintenance of cognitive functions both in age- and disease-related cognitive decline. Practicing yoga can be a useful part of daily routine to maintain cognitive function in older adulthood. Suggestions for further research were discussed.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Ioga , Adulto , Idoso , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Memória
8.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 42: 101282, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the effects of acupressure and yoga for coping with premenstrual syndromes (PMS) on the premenstrual symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: This study adopted a randomized intervention design with a pretest-posttest control group. The sample consisted of 155 students with PMS complaints (50 in yoga, 51 in acupressure, and 54 in control group). The students in the intervention groups did yoga and received acupressure throughout 12 weeks. RESULTS: It was found that the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale posttest mean score of the students was lower, and the physical health, psychological health, and environment sub-scale mean scores of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire were higher in the yoga group in comparison to the other groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Yoga was found to be a more effective non-pharmacological method for coping with premenstrual symptoms.


Assuntos
Acupressão , Síndrome Pré-Menstrual , Ioga , Adaptação Psicológica , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome Pré-Menstrual/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
9.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 42: 101285, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360561

RESUMO

Kundalini concept comes from ancient yogic philosophy in which it is believed that certain spiritual practices will cause Kundalini awakening. The phenomenon of Kundalini awakening can sometimes mimic mental illness and results in difficulty for mental health practitioners to distinguish between them. While there are ample literatures suggesting the benefits of yogic practices in mental illness, it is also worth understanding the side effects of these practices, especially if advanced yogic practices are not performed properly with necessary preparations and precautions under the guidance of an expert. In this context, we discuss a series of cases demonstrating altered mental experiences related to Kundalini, from both modern psycho-pathology and traditional yoga view points and try to differentiate severe mental illness from advanced spiritual states perceived after practicing Kundalini yoga.


Assuntos
Meditação , Transtornos Mentais , Ioga , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Saúde Mental
10.
In. Sousa, Islândia Carvalho; Guimarães, Maria Beatriz; Gallego Pérez, Daniel F. Experiências e reflexões sobre medicinas tradicionais, complementares e integrativas em sistemas de saúde nas Américas / Experiencias y reflexiones sobre medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integradoras en los sistemas de salud de las Américas. Recife, Fiocruz/PE;ObservaPICS, 2021. p.129-146, tab.
Monografia em Português | LILACS, MOSAICO - Saúde integrativa | ID: biblio-1151984

RESUMO

Trata-se de um estudo exploratório e analítico de abordagem quantitativa, realizado no Serviço Integrado de Saúde (SIS), no período de junho a novembro de 2014. O SIS é um serviço público de saúde que funciona como Unidade de Referência em Práticas Integrativas e Complementares, como Programa de Extensão da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) e como Núcleo Comunitário de Cultura, Comunicação e Saúde, uma parceria entre UFPE e a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde do Recife. Foi implantado no início de 2013 e é referência em Práticas Integrativas para a rede de saúde do município de Recife-PE, principalmente para as Unidades de Saúde da Família. O serviço conta com aproximadamente 23 profissionais de diversas áreas: Terapia Comunitária, Tai Chi Chuan, Lian Gong, Automassagem, Aromoterapia, Flexibilidade, Bioenergética, Yoga, Biodança, Dança Circular, Psicomotricidade Relacional para jovens, Constelação Familiar e Arte Terapia para mulheres; Terapias individuais (Nutrição em alimentação saudável, Auriculoacupuntura, Osteopatia e Terapia do crânio­sacral) e outros programas terapêuticos (Programa Saúde da Coluna, Programa Saúde da Voz e Programa de Arte Terapia para problemas de obesidade).


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Ioga , Tai Ji , Terapias Complementares , Brasil , Política de Saúde
11.
J Altern Complement Med ; 27(3): 273-281, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373528

RESUMO

Objectives: This qualitative study explored the acceptability and feasibility of yoga among women in substance use disorder (SUD) recovery. Design: Seventeen women in SUD recovery for 2 weeks or longer were recruited from nine sites in the mid-South, including a Medication-Assisted Treatment clinic in a hospital setting, prison re-entry housing, community-based peer support organizations (e.g., Alcoholics Anonymous [AA], Narcotics Anonymous [NA]), a residential SUD treatment facility, a yoga teachers' online group, and through referrals. The median age of participants was 41.5, with ages ranging from 25 to 65. We used an interpretive description approach to explore both the perceptions of women without yoga experience and the experiences of women with yoga experience to collect formative data for intervention development and implementation. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. A hybrid analysis (i.e., inductive and deductive coding) was applied to the data. Results: Women's narratives included a high prevalence of trauma exposure. Overall, women in this sample were interested in either beginning or continuing yoga. Barriers to participation included perceived lack of self-efficacy of yoga, weight, and physical injuries. Additional environmental barriers included balancing care of self with caring for others, including partners, children, and NA/AA sponsees; as well as prioritizing finances, housing, employment, and transportation. Conclusion: High prevalence of trauma exposure among women in SUD recovery necessitates careful consideration of co-occurring psychiatric disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression and the necessary professional psychological support, as well as serious physical injuries that require modification in yoga asana classes. As transportation and balancing care needs were salient in these data, rural SUD populations could be served with telehealth interventions that provide SUD recovery support with integrative health practices such as adjunctive yoga interventions.


Assuntos
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Ioga , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0237552, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our previous study showed that long-term practitioners of Sahaja Yoga Meditation (SYM) had around 7% larger grey matter volume (GMV) in the whole brain compared with healthy controls; however, when testing individual regions, only 5 small brain areas were statistically different between groups. Under the hypothesis that those results were statistically conservative, with the same dataset, we investigated in more detail the regional differences in GMV associated with the practice of SYM, with a different statistical approach. DESIGN: Twenty-three experienced practitioners of SYM and 23 healthy non-meditators matched on age, sex and education level, were scanned using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Their GMV were extracted and compared using Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM). Using a novel ad-hoc general linear model, statistical comparisons were made to observe if the GMV differences between meditators and controls were statistically significant. RESULTS: In the 16 lobe area subdivisions, GMV was statistically significantly different in 4 out of 16 areas: in right hemispheric temporal and frontal lobes, left frontal lobe and brainstem. In the 116 AAL area subdivisions, GMV difference was statistically significant in 11 areas. The GMV differences were statistically more significant in right hemispheric brain areas. CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that long-term practice of SYM is associated with larger GMV overall, and with significant differences mainly in temporal and frontal areas of the right hemisphere and the brainstem. These neuroplastic changes may reflect emotional and attentional control mechanisms developed with SYM. On the other hand, our statistical ad-hoc method shows that there were more brain areas with statistical significance compared to the traditional methodology which we think is susceptible to conservative Type II errors.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Meditação , Ioga , Adulto , Mapeamento Encefálico , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Tamanho do Órgão/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(3-4): 380-388, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Menopause is a special stage in a woman's life, but no safe clinical treatment exists against menopausal symptoms. To analyze the effect of the information support method combined with yoga exercise on the depression, anxiety, and sleep quality of menopausal women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From June 2019 to December 2019, menopausal women who were newly recruited in three yoga clubs in three cities in East China were selected as the participants by convenience sampling. A total of 52 women were in the experiment group and 54 were in the control group. In 24 weeks, the experiment group engaged in yoga exercise for 60 minutes each time, three times a week. They group was given professional positive psychological information support at the same time. The Kupperman Menopausal Symptom Distress Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used before the experiment, three months into the experiment, and six months into the experiment to monitor the intervention effect on the participants. RESULTS: After the intervention, the symptoms of distress among menopausal women in the experiment group and the Kupperman score of the experiment group reduced significantly. Repeated measures of analysis of variance were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). After the intervention, the depression score of the experiment group decreased significantly. A significant difference was found between the two groups in repeated measures analysis of variance in the SDS score (P<0.001). After the intervention, the anxiety score of the experiment group reduced significantly, and repeated measures of analysis of variance in the SAS score were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). After the intervention, the sleep quality of the experiment group improved, and repeated measures of analysis of variance in sleep quality were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The information support method combined with yoga exercise can alleviate the depression and anxiety of menopausal women, improve their sleep quality, and reduce their symptoms of menopausal distress.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Menopausa/psicologia , Sono/fisiologia , Ioga/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , China , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
14.
Work ; 67(2): 269-279, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period of growth and enrichment along with many physiological and psychological challenges. These changes can lead to complications if compounded by external stress and anxiety. COVID-19 has emerged as a chief stressor among the general population and is a serious threat among vulnerable populations. Therefore, there is a need for stress management tools, such as Yoga and physical exercises, both at home and at work. These can be adopted during the pandemic with proper maintenance of social distancing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compile literature that has reported the health outcomes of Yoga intervention on pregnancy at the workplace and analyzes both the restrictions as well as advantages of its beneficial effects in comparison to physical exercises. METHODOLOGY: A comprehensive literature review was conducted utilizing PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords used for the search include "Yoga", "work", "complications", "physical exercise", "drugs" and "COVID" indifferent permutations and combinations with "pregnancy". We compiled the literature with respect to pregnancy complications and the effects of drugs, physical activity and Yoga for preventing these complications. RESULTS: We noted that pregnancy-related complications are becoming more prevalent because of a sedentary lifestyle, restricted physical activity and growing stress. In such situations, a home or workplace Yoga protocol can combine both exercise and mindfulness-based alleviation of anxiety for both working and non-working women. CONCLUSION: Yoga can be effective for combating stress and anxiety besides boosting immunity in pregnant working women confronted with the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Atenção Plena , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Comportamento Sedentário , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
15.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(10): 682-685, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030846

RESUMO

We conducted a prospective observational study to evaluate the efficacy of yoga in poorly controlled severe asthmatic patients treated with maximal inhaled therapy and biologics. The objective of yoga was to improve breathing consciousness, exercising controlled ventilation with and without retention, abdominal breathing observation, improvement of inspiratory and expiratory muscles, opening of the chest, diaphragm exercises and relaxation. We measured exhaled nitric oxide, forced expiratory volume in one second, forced vital capacity, asthma control and quality of life questionnaires, anxiety and depression questionnaires before and after the tenth yoga course (performed twice a week). Half of the patients who were invited to participate to the study declined due to organization problems. Two patients were excluded due to bronchitis and arthralgia respectively. The analysis of the data from 12 participants revealed significant improvement in asthma control and asthma quality of life questionnaires and a reduction of anxiety.The regular practice of yoga in severe asthmatics insufficiently controlled despite maximal inhaled treatment and biotherapy seems to be an interesting complementary option to improve asthma control. Our results must be confirmed in larger randomized controlled trials.


Assuntos
Asma , Produtos Biológicos , Ioga , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
16.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness ; 60(8): 1110-1117, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vinyasa yoga has been recently promoted as one of the most popular mindful exercises to improve overall health, including body weight management. The purpose of this study was to determine the metabolic response of 24 moderately trained individuals during a 90-min group Vinyasa yoga routine. METHODS: Heart rate (HR) time course of 12 males and 12 females (age: 39±7.33 years) was recorded during two group Vinyasa yoga sessions consisted of four sections (warm-up, high-intensity Surya Namaskar (HSN), no Surya Namaskar postures, and cool-down). Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak) and maximum HR had been estimated earlier after a maximal treadmill test. V̇O2 during Vinyasa yoga sessions was estimated from individual regression equations using the relationship of V̇O2 and HR values derived from V̇O2peak test, while the metabolic rate (kcal/min) was calculated from the relationship of HR and kcal/min. Total session energy consumption was the average value of the two yoga sessions. RESULTS: The 2 (gender) × 4 (sections) mixed ANOVA revealed no significant interaction between the two factors (P=0.101) for the mean metabolic rate (7.1±2.6 kcal/min). Mean metabolic rate thought was higher (P=0.015) in males compared to females at each section. Also, significant differences were found among the four Vinyasa yoga sections (P<0.001) in the rate of energy expenditure, with HSN presenting the highest mean values (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It seems that systematic participation in Vinyasa yoga may effectively improve cardiorespiratory fitness and promote body weight loss, as an alternative method to traditional aerobic exercise.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Metabolismo Energético , Perda de Peso , Ioga , Adulto , Exercício de Arrefecimento/fisiologia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Exercício de Aquecimento/fisiologia
17.
J Sports Med Phys Fitness ; 60(8): 1148-1158, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data examining the effectiveness of long-term Hatha yoga-based (HY) programs focused on the health-related fitness (H-RF) of asymptomatic, sedentary women. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 6-month HY-based training program on H-RF components in sedentary middle-aged women. METHODS: Eighty sedentary women were randomly assigned into either the HY group (HYG) (N.=42) or the control group (CG) (N.=38). The 6-month HYG program involved a progressive series of Vinyasa Flow poses performed 3 times/week for 60 minutes (40 minutes within the exercise zone of 60-75% HRmax). The CG participants did not undergo any physical training or education. Health-related fitness parameters included measures of pre- and post-training: body composition, muscular strength and maximal voluntary isometric torques of elbow flexors and knee extensors, cardio-respiratory fitness, lower back and hamstring flexibility and a static-dynamic balance. RESULTS: Two-way mixed design ANOVA revealed significant main effects for all the indicators of H-RF. Tukey post-hoc tests confirmed that the HYG demonstrated significant improvements in every variable tested. Examples of the benefits achieved include (all P<.001): an average loss of 1.03 kg and a 4.82% decrease in body fat, 14.6% and 13.1% gains in isometric strength of the knee extensors and elbow flexors respectively, an increase in relative VO2max of 6.1% (33.12±5.30 to 35.14±4.82 mL/kg/min), a 4-cm or 10.4% increase in their MSAR, and an average improved Balance Index of 5.6 mm/s. Reversely, the CG showed non-significant changes in H-RF variables (all P>0.05; percent range from -1.4% to 1.1%). CONCLUSIONS: By participating in a moderate-intensity 6-month HY-based training program, middle-aged women can significantly improve their HR-F status. The application of progressive target heart rate goals facilitated greater than expected improvements in cardio-respiratory fitness and improvements in body composition.


Assuntos
Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Ioga , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Cotovelo/fisiologia , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Contração Isométrica/fisiologia , Joelho/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Torque
18.
Adv Mind Body Med ; 34(3): 11-17, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931457

RESUMO

Context: The experience of pain strongly influences sustained attention, which is important for neurocognitive performance. Yoga-based relaxation techniques may be effective in improving sustained attention by attenuating pain in patients with low back pain. Hence, we aimed to investigate the effect of a yoga-based relaxation technique on sustained attention and self-reported pain disability in patients with low back pain. Methods: A total of 22 men aged 30 to 50 years with low back pain were recruited for the study. They were randomly assigned to either the yoga (n = 11) or control (n = 11) groups. The yoga group practiced a yoga-based relaxation technique (YBRT) 1 hour a day for 4 weeks and the control group maintained their usual physical activity regimen. Assessments included the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) and the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (OLBPDQ) measured before and after the 4-week intervention. Results: The study showed a significant reduction in all self-reported OLBPDQ domains and improvement in sustained attention in a before and after comparison 4 weeks following the yoga intervention. Pearson's correlation also showed a positive correlation between sustained attention and pain reduction following the yoga intervention. Conclusion: The findings indicate that yoga practice reduces pain and simultaneously improves information processing speed with impulse control during the performance of a sustained attention task.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Ioga , Adulto , Atenção , Humanos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Terapia de Relaxamento , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Work ; 66(4): 731-737, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major cause of stress and anxiety worldwide. Due to the global lockdown, work, employment, businesses and the economic climate have been severely affected. It has generated stress among people from all sections of society, especially to workers who have been assigned to cater to healthcare service or those constrained to secure daily essential items. It is widely perceived that elderly or those affected by diabetes, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases are prone to COVID-19. As per an ongoing survey, the initial data shows that the above-mentioned anxiety and stress cause insomnia, and has the considerable potential to weaken the immune system, the sole protection against the virus. OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on the need of Yoga practice at work places and at home during the global lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Literature was searched using PubMed and Google Scholar for COVID-19-related stress and anxiety at work and society due to the worldwide lockdown. The predisposing comorbidities, viral mechanism of action and treatment regimen were also searched. Yoga-based intervention studies and online programs were also searched. RESULTS: As the lockdown cannot last forever and workplaces will have to be functional soon, there is an increased possibility of recurrent infection. Therefore, Yoga can provide the necessary tool for risk reduction, amelioration of stress and anxiety and strengthening of the immune function. The online platforms provide a good media for Yoga training at work places and homes. CONCLUSION: Due to social distancing norms, the availability of Yoga trainers has become restricted. Yoga practice is actively sought to achieve reduced anxiety and stress so that improved sleep may positively impact immunity. As a consequence, there is a spurt in social media, catering to daily online Yoga sessions which apparently prove useful in providing accessible means to achieve mental as well as physical well-being.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Sistema Imunitário/fisiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/prevenção & controle , Telecomunicações , Ioga , Ansiedade/complicações , Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/reabilitação , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/imunologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/fisiopatologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/reabilitação , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
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