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1.
Anthropol Med ; 28(3): 341-358, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291711

RESUMO

Yoga is sometimes interpreted as medical therapy and the evidence from biomedical research indicates that it can be useful in a broad range of health conditions. Yoga, however, can also be pursued as a process-oriented contemplative practice. This article draws on participant observation-based research with yoga practitioners at two hospitals, one in Pondicherry, India, and one in Fukui, Japan. It explores how patients and their families at these healthcare institutions are invited to move without anticipating an outcome and to cultivate attitudes such as contentment and non-violence. Taking cues from research participants' approaches to yoga as a skill and from anthropological understandings of skill, yoga is considered here as a capacity of moving with awareness. A skill-based approach allows practitioners to try out yogic techniques according to their personal abilities and needs. The analysis suggests that, in the contexts discussed, yoga practitioners pursue wellbeing not as an individual therapeutic goal but as mutual explorative learning.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Hospitais , Ioga/psicologia , Antropologia Médica , Humanos , Índia , Japão
2.
Anthropol Med ; 28(3): 359-373, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293973

RESUMO

This paper presents the preliminary results of a one and a half-year ethnographic study conducted in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. The research focused on participants' experiences of their bodies in the context of yoga as a health practice-specifically how they conceptualised their musculoskeletal bodies in this practice through ideas of systems, fragments, and materiality. It argues that participants' larger narratives about health and healthy bodies inform how yoga as a health practice is embedded in discourses of body work where yoga, health, and particular notions of bodily-ness become a project for the transformation of the self into a particular idea of what a body is or should be.


Assuntos
Ioga/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antropologia Médica , Colúmbia Britânica/etnologia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Narração , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12243, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Work related stress is a major occupational health problem that is associated with adverse effects on physical and mental health. Healthcare workers are particularly vulnerable in the era of COVID-19. Physical methods of stress relief such as yoga and massage therapy may reduce occupational stress. The objective of this systematic review and network meta-analysis is to determine the effects of yoga, massage therapy, progressive muscle relaxation, and stretching on alleviating stress and improving physical and mental health in healthcare workers. METHODS: Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials on the use of physical relaxation methods for occupational stress in healthcare workers with any duration of follow-up. Meta-analysis was performed for standard mean differences in stress measures from baseline between subjects undergoing relaxation vs non-intervention controls. Network meta-analysis was conducted to determine the best relaxation method. RESULTS: Fifteen trials representing 688 healthcare workers were identified. Random-effects meta-analysis shows that physical relaxation methods overall reduced measures of occupational stress at the longest duration of follow-up vs baseline compared to non-intervention controls (SMD -0.53; 95% CI [-0.74 to -0.33]; p < .00001). On network meta-analysis, only yoga alone (SMD -0.71; 95% CI [-1.01 to -0.41]) and massage therapy alone (SMD -0.43; 95% CI [-0.72 to -0.14]) were more effective than control, with yoga identified as the best method (p-score = .89). CONCLUSION: Physical relaxation may help reduce occupational stress in healthcare workers. Yoga is particularly effective and offers the convenience of online delivery. Employers should consider implementing these methods into workplace wellness programs.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Terapia de Relaxamento/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Saúde do Trabalhador , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Orthop Nurs ; 40(3): 169-179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004616

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a public health problem affecting individuals globally. Yoga has been found to prevent and reverse bone loss. Yoga may result in better balance, improved posture, and greater range of motion, strength, and coordination, all factors that also mitigate the risk of falls and fractures. A 12-minute, 12-pose yoga regimen is discussed in detail. Once learned, the ongoing use of yoga is safe, without cost, and may be done lifelong.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Osteoporose/terapia , Postura/fisiologia , Ioga/psicologia , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia
5.
J Psychiatr Pract ; 27(3): 212-223, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939376

RESUMO

Chronic mood disorders pose an important mental health problem. Individuals with these disorders experience a significant impairment, often fail to seek help, and their illnesses frequently do not respond to treatment. It is therefore important to develop innovative and attractive treatments for these disorders. Mindful yoga represents a promising treatment approach. This pilot study tested the feasibility of a 9-week manualized mindful yoga intervention for patients with chronic mood disorders. Eleven patients receiving standard treatment were recruited to complete a 9-week mindful yoga intervention. Qualitative methods were used to assess patients' experiences of the intervention and quantitative methods were used to assess psychological distress and mechanisms that play a role in chronic mood disorders. Eight patients completed the intervention and rated the overall quality of the intervention with a mean score of 8.8 (range of 8 to 9, using a scale of 1 to 10). All participants reported a reduction in psychological distress and no adverse events. Among the mechanisms that play a role in chronic mood disorders, the most potentially promising effects from the intervention were found for worry, fear of depression and anxiety, rumination, and areas related to body awareness, such as trusting bodily experiences and not distracting from sensations of discomfort. A 9-week mindful yoga intervention appears to be a feasible and attractive treatment when added to treatment as usual for a group of patients with chronic mood disorders. A randomized controlled trial to study the effects of mindful yoga is recommended.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Humor/psicologia , Transtornos do Humor/terapia , Ioga/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
6.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211019111, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The acceptability of videoconferencing delivery of yoga interventions in the advanced cancer setting is relatively unexplored. The current report summarizes the challenges and solutions of the transition from an in-person (ie, face-to-face) to a videoconference intervention delivery approach in response to the Coronavirus Disease pandemic. METHOD: Participants included patient-family caregiver dyads who were enrolled in ongoing yoga trials and 2 certified yoga therapists who delivered the yoga sessions. We summarized their experiences using recordings of the yoga sessions and interventionists' progress notes. RESULTS: Out of 7 dyads participating in the parent trial, 1 declined the videoconferenced sessions. Participants were between the ages of 55 and 76 and mostly non-Hispanic White (83%). Patients were mainly male (83%), all had stage III or IV cancer and were undergoing radiotherapy. Caregivers were all female. Despite challenges in the areas of technology, location, and setting, instruction and personal connection, the overall acceptability was high among patients, caregivers, and instructors. Through this transition process, solutions to these challenges were found, which are described here. CONCLUSION: Although in-person interventions are favored by both the study participants and the interventionists, videoconference sessions were deemed acceptable. All participants had the benefit of a previous in-person experience, which was helpful and perhaps necessary for older and advanced cancer patients requiring practice modifications. In a remote setting, the assistance of caregivers seems particularly beneficial to ensure practice safety. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV: NCT03948100; NCT02481349.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cuidadores , Neoplasias/terapia , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Ioga , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , COVID-19/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meditação/métodos , Meditação/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pandemias , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Percepção , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento , Ioga/psicologia
7.
Life Sci ; 277: 119604, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33984356

RESUMO

AIMS: Accumulating evidence suggests Gulf War illness (GWI) is characterised by autonomic nervous system dysfunction (higher heart rate [HR], lower heart rate variability [HRV]). Yoga - an ancient mind-body practice combining mindfulness, breathwork, and physical postures - is proposed to improve autonomic dysfunction yet this remains untested in GWI. We aimed to determine (i) whether HR and HRV improve among Veterans with GWI receiving either yoga or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for pain; and (ii) whether baseline autonomic functioning predicts treatment-related pain outcomes across follow-up. MAIN METHODS: We present secondary analyses of 24-hour ambulatory cardiac data (mean HR, square root of the mean squared differences between successive R-R intervals [RMSSD], high frequency power [HF-HFV], and low-to-high frequency ratio [LF/HF] extracted from a 5-min window during the first hour of sleep) from our randomised controlled trial of yoga versus CBT for pain among Veterans with GWI (ClinicalTrials.govNCT02378025; N = 75). KEY FINDINGS: Veterans who received CBT tended towards higher mean HR at end-of-treatment. Better autonomic function (lower mean HR, higher RMSSD/HF-HRV) at baseline predicted greater reductions in pain across follow-up, regardless of treatment group. Better baseline autonomic function (mid-range-to-high RMSSD/HF-HRV) also predicted greater pain reductions with yoga, while worse baseline autonomic function (higher mean HR, lower RMSSD/HF-HRV) predicted greater pain reductions with CBT. SIGNIFICANCE: To our knowledge, this is the first study to suggest that among Veterans with GWI, HR may increase with CBT yet remain stable with yoga. Furthermore, HR and HRV moderated pain outcome across follow-up for yoga and CBT.


Assuntos
Manejo da Dor/métodos , Síndrome do Golfo Pérsico/fisiopatologia , Ioga/psicologia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiologia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/metabolismo , Dor/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Golfo Pérsico/metabolismo , Veteranos
8.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48183

RESUMO

Este mapa de evidências científicas apresenta uma síntese gráfica de revisões sistemáticas sobre a aplicação do Yoga para desfechos como dor crônica e aguda, obesidade e sobrepeso, tabagismo, saúde mental e segurança. A partir de uma ampla busca bibliográfica 37 revisões sistemáticas foram incluídas no mapa e categorizadas por tipo de intervenção e por desfechos. Os estudos avaliaram o efeito de 03 tipos de intervenção: Yoga (diversas técnicas ou não especificada), Hatha yoga e Terapias combinadas com Yoga. Principais achados: Os resultados encontrados foram favoráveis à prática de yoga para redução do Índice de Massa Corporal. A modalidade de Hatha Yoga mostrou efeitos positivos para o controle do tabagismo com relação ao desejo de fumar, abstinência, estágio de prontidão para mudanças de humor. As revisões sistemáticas apresentaram resultados favoráveis à prática de yoga em relação aos cuidados habituais, particularmente nos casos de dor lombar e cervical. Há menos evidências acerca da superioridade do Yoga em comparação a intervenções ativas. Em outras situações estudadas, como a dor associada a fibromialgia, osteoartrite, artrite reumatoide, síndromes do túnel do carpo e do intestino irritável, as evidências são menos consistentes. Pacientes diagnosticados com transtornos depressivos tiveram melhora de suas condições após o yoga relatados na maior parte das revisões, inclusive com efeitos de grande magnitude no curto prazo. Da mesma forma, foram observados efeitos positivos da Yoga na redução de sintomas de ansiedade e depressão em mulheres no período perinatal e em idosos. Resultados conflitantes foram encontrados para a prática de Yoga entre pacientes com transtornos de ansiedade. No entanto, estas evidências devem ser vistas com cautela, uma vez que a confiança nos resultados da maioria das revisões foi considerada baixa ou criticamente baixa na avaliação da qualidade metodológica.


Assuntos
Ioga/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Tabagismo/terapia , Segurança , Dor Crônica/terapia , Obesidade/terapia , Dor Aguda/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245214, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566848

RESUMO

This cross-sectional research aims to study the effect of yoga practice on the illness perception, and wellbeing of healthy adults during 4-10 weeks of lockdown due to COVID19 outbreak. A total of 668 adults (64.7% males, M = 28.12 years, SD = 9.09 years) participated in the online survey. The participants were grouped as; yoga practitioners, other spiritual practitioners, and non-practitioners based on their responses to daily practices that they follow. Yoga practitioners were further examined based on the duration of practice as; long-term, mid-term and beginners. Multivariate analysis indicates that yoga practitioners had significantly lower depression, anxiety, & stress (DASS), and higher general wellbeing (SWGB) as well as higher peace of mind (POMS) than the other two groups. The results further revealed that the yoga practitioners significantly differed in the perception of personal control, illness concern and emotional impact of COVID19. However, there was no significant difference found for the measure of resilience (BRS) in this study. Yoga practitioners also significantly differed in the cognitive reappraisal strategy for regulating their emotions than the other two groups. Interestingly, it was found that beginners -those who had started practicing yoga only during the lockdown period reported no significant difference for general wellbeing and peace of mind when compared to the mid- term practitioner. Evidence supports that yoga was found as an effective self- management strategy to cope with stress, anxiety and depression, and maintain wellbeing during COVID19 lockdown.


Assuntos
Meditação/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Ioga/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Emoções/fisiologia , Feminino , Saúde , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Meditação/métodos , Distanciamento Físico , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Autogestão , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 102(6): 1049-1058, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the effect of yoga, physical therapy (PT), and education on depressive and anxious symptoms in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic safety net hospital and 7 community health centers. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 320 adults with CLBP. INTERVENTION: Yoga classes, PT sessions, or an educational book. OUTCOME MEASURE: Depression and anxiety were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale, respectively, at baseline, 12, and 52 weeks. We identified baseline and midtreatment (6-wk) factors associated with clinically meaningful improvements in depressive (≥3 points) or anxious (≥2 points) symptoms at 12 weeks. RESULTS: Participants (female=64%; mean age, 46.0±10.7 years) were predominantly non-White (82%), low-income (<$30,000/year, 59%), and had not received a college degree (71%). Most participants had mild or worse depressive (60%) and anxious (50%) symptoms. At 12 weeks, yoga and PT participants experienced modest within-group improvements in depressive symptoms (mean difference [MD]=-1.23 [95% CI, -2.18 to -0.28]; MD=-1.01 [95% CI, -2.05 to -0.03], respectively). Compared with the education group, 12-week differences were not statistically significant, although trends favored yoga (MD=-0.71 [95% CI, -2.22 to 0.81]) and PT (MD= -0.32 [95% CI, -1.82 to 1.18]). At 12 weeks, improvements in anxious symptoms were only found in participants who had mild or moderate anxiety at baseline. Independent of treatment arm, participants who had 30% or greater improvement in pain or function midtreatment were more likely to have a clinically meaningful improvement in depressive symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 1.82 [95% CI, 1.03-3.22]; OR, 1.79 [95% CI, 1.06-3.04], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In our secondary analysis we found that depression and anxiety, common in this sample of underserved adults with CLBP, may improve modestly with PT and yoga. However, effects were not superior to education. Improvements in pain and function are associated with a decrease in depressive symptoms. More research is needed to optimize the integration of physical and psychological well-being in PT and yoga.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/reabilitação , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Depressão/reabilitação , Dor Lombar/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etnologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Dor Crônica/etnologia , Dor Crônica/reabilitação , Grupos de Populações Continentais/psicologia , Depressão/etnologia , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etnologia , Dor Lombar/reabilitação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Pobreza/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 27(2): e12924, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: University students are faced with several stress factors affecting their mental health. Therefore, the first year at university is a period that calls for careful attention and research. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of laughter yoga on mental symptoms and cortisol levels in nursing students. METHODS: This study is a randomized controlled study employing a pre-/post-test design with a control group. A total of 75 healthy university students were assigned to the intervention group and control group. The Brief Symptom Inventory was applied to both groups before Session 1 and after Session 8. Saliva samples were taken from the students to measure their cortisol levels before and after each session. RESULTS: Evaluation of the mean scores obtained from the Brief Symptom Inventory before and after the intervention showed a significant decrease in the scores between groups (P < 0.05). In three out of the eight sessions, there was a significant decrease in the intervention group compared with the control group regarding the mean values of pre-test and post-test salivary cortisol levels (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Laughter yoga can provide an effective means to help first-year nursing students cope with stress and reduce mental symptoms.


Assuntos
Hidrocortisona/análise , Terapia do Riso , Saliva/química , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
12.
Breast Cancer ; 28(2): 264-276, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complications of breast cancer treatment can cause physical and psychosocial distress in patients. Yoga demonstrates substantial potential as a supportive therapy for patients with breast cancer. Our aim is to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga in enhancing the quality of life (QoL) of patients with breast cancer. METHODS: We searched for studies published before March 2020 in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. Individual effect sizes were standardized, and the pooled effect size was calculated using a random effect model. Measured outcomes included QoL, anxiety and depression, stress, fatigue, pain severity, and sleep quality. RESULTS: In total, 26 trials involving 2069 patients were reviewed. Significant enhancement in QoL was observed immediately after the yoga intervention. The pooled mean differences in social (weighted mean difference [WMD]: 1.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.12-2.61), emotional (WMD: 1.46, 95% CI 0.26-2.66), and functional well-being (WMD: 2.04, 95% CI 0.21-3.87) were significantly higher in the yoga group than in the control group. Patients practicing yoga exhibited significant improvements in physical well-being, mental well-being, and sleep quality as well as reductions in anxiety, depression, stress, fatigue, and pain severity after the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Yoga may enhance QoL in patients with breast cancer experiencing post-treatment complications. Therefore, we recommend yoga as a supportive therapy for patients with breast cancer to relieve post-treatment distress.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ioga/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Fadiga/terapia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Sono , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Rev Infirm ; 70(267): 35-36, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455679

RESUMO

A discipline for body and mind oriented towards calming and inner tranquillity, yoga is counting more and more adepts in our hectic societies. Many health care institutions now offer yoga classes for teams to help professionals manage stress, relieve pain and bring about a sense of well-being. A nurse testifies to the benefits of this practice.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Ioga , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia
14.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 35(1): 29-33, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492877

RESUMO

The importance of complementary and supportive applications is increasing. Pranayama, which is one of these methods, has a positive effect on health with its philosophy and discipline that are specific to it. It is also an important step in yoga, which is an ancient Indian science and lifestyle, and is translated as "breath science, breath control, and willful breathing." In Sanskrit, pranayama consists of the words prana, which means "life force, vital energy, vitality," and yama, which means "control." According to the science of yoga, if humans can learn to control prana, they can also control their body, emotions, and mind. The fact that pranayama is a simple self-control technique that increases the awareness of breathing and shows that it is an influential and cost-effective practice for the patient in the management of symptoms, which is a responsibility of nurses. In this respect, the purpose of the present study was to provide information to health care professionals to be able to use pranayama types in symptom management, to provide evidence-based information to health care professions concerning concepts and philosophy of pranayama to guide nurses in clinical practice. For this purpose, the results of the studies searched in the PubMed database using the key words "pranayama" and "nursing" are shared.


Assuntos
Enfermagem/tendências , Ioga/psicologia , Humanos , Enfermagem/métodos
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(6): 2973-2982, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026490

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Examine the effects of an 8-week yoga therapy on fatigue in patients with different types of cancer. METHODS: A total of 173 cancer patients suffering from mild to severe fatigue were randomly allocated to yoga intervention (n = 84) (IG) versus waitlist control group (CG) (n = 88). Yoga therapy consisted of eight weekly sessions with 60 min each. The primary outcome was self-reported fatigue symptoms. Secondary outcomes were symptoms of depression and quality of life (QoL). Data were assessed using questionnaires before (T0) and after yoga therapy for IG versus waiting period for CG (T1). RESULTS: A stronger reduction of general fatigue (P = .033), physical fatigue (P = .048), and depression (P < .001) as well as a stronger increase in QoL (P = .002) was found for patients who attended 7 or 8 sessions compared with controls. Within the yoga group, both higher attendance rate and lower T0-fatigue were significant predictors of lower T1-fatigue (P ≤ .001). Exploratory results revealed that women with breast cancer report a higher reduction of fatigue than women with other types of cancer (P = .016) after yoga therapy. CONCLUSION: The findings support the assumption that yoga therapy is useful to reduce cancer-related fatigue, especially for the physical aspects of fatigue. Women with breast cancer seem to benefit most, and higher attendance rate results in greater reduction of fatigue. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00016034.


Assuntos
Depressão/terapia , Fadiga/terapia , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meditação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia
16.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 172: 108644, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359750

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of yoga intervention on the biochemical, oxidative stress markers and inflammatory markers and sleep quality among subjects with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Subjects with type 2 diabetes attending a tertiary care centre for diabetes during Feb 2017 to Oct 2019 in Chennai, India were randomly assigned to two different groups. Group1(non-Yoga) (n = 150) was advised on simple physical exercises whereas group2(Yoga) (n = 150) was trained and advised to do yogasanas with static loosening exercises for 50 min for 5 days in a week. Both the groups were followed up for a period of 3 months. Anthropometric, biochemical, oxidative stress markers, inflammatory markers and sleep quality were assessed at baseline and after follow up. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in BMI, blood glucose levels, HbA1c, lipid levels, IL6, TNFα and TBARS in Yoga group as compared to non-Yoga group. There was marked improvement in the levels of Adiponectin, PTGIS and sleep quality among subjects practising yogasanas. CONCLUSION: Regular practice of yogasanas improved glycaemic control, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and sleep quality among subjects with type 2 diabetes. Hence, Yogasanas can be used as an adjuvant therapy for managing type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Inflamação/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Ioga/psicologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(3-4): 380-388, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Menopause is a special stage in a woman's life, but no safe clinical treatment exists against menopausal symptoms. To analyze the effect of the information support method combined with yoga exercise on the depression, anxiety, and sleep quality of menopausal women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From June 2019 to December 2019, menopausal women who were newly recruited in three yoga clubs in three cities in East China were selected as the participants by convenience sampling. A total of 52 women were in the experiment group and 54 were in the control group. In 24 weeks, the experiment group engaged in yoga exercise for 60 minutes each time, three times a week. They group was given professional positive psychological information support at the same time. The Kupperman Menopausal Symptom Distress Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used before the experiment, three months into the experiment, and six months into the experiment to monitor the intervention effect on the participants. RESULTS: After the intervention, the symptoms of distress among menopausal women in the experiment group and the Kupperman score of the experiment group reduced significantly. Repeated measures of analysis of variance were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). After the intervention, the depression score of the experiment group decreased significantly. A significant difference was found between the two groups in repeated measures analysis of variance in the SDS score (P<0.001). After the intervention, the anxiety score of the experiment group reduced significantly, and repeated measures of analysis of variance in the SAS score were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). After the intervention, the sleep quality of the experiment group improved, and repeated measures of analysis of variance in sleep quality were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The information support method combined with yoga exercise can alleviate the depression and anxiety of menopausal women, improve their sleep quality, and reduce their symptoms of menopausal distress.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Menopausa/psicologia , Sono/fisiologia , Ioga/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , China , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
19.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 41: 101248, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074110

RESUMO

AIM: to compare anulom vilom pranayama (AVP), kapal bhati pranayama (KBP), diaphragmatic breathing exercises (DBE), and pursed-lip breathing (PLB) for breath holding time (BHT) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Methods- Participants were assessed for BHT and RPE, before training on any one intervention using online platforms, for one week during lockdown from COVID-19.15 participants in each group total N = 60 at- (α - 0.05), (1- ß - 0.90) & (effect size - 0.55); were analysed. Results - AVP & DBE decreased RPE (p < 0.000). KBP & PLB did not decrease RPE as compared to AVP & DBE (p. > 0.05). DBE increased BHT more than KBP & PLB interventions (p < 0.05), but not more than AVP (p > 0.05). One-way ANOVA of four interventions revealed significant variation for RPE change (p < 0.05), for AVP. Conclusions - AVP reduces RPE maximally during breath-holding, whereas DPE increases BHT more.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios , COVID-19 , Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Interocepção , Esforço Físico/fisiologia , Terapia de Relaxamento , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Suspensão da Respiração , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Exercícios Respiratórios/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional , Terapia de Relaxamento/métodos , Terapia de Relaxamento/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia
20.
Work ; 67(2): 269-279, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period of growth and enrichment along with many physiological and psychological challenges. These changes can lead to complications if compounded by external stress and anxiety. COVID-19 has emerged as a chief stressor among the general population and is a serious threat among vulnerable populations. Therefore, there is a need for stress management tools, such as Yoga and physical exercises, both at home and at work. These can be adopted during the pandemic with proper maintenance of social distancing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compile literature that has reported the health outcomes of Yoga intervention on pregnancy at the workplace and analyzes both the restrictions as well as advantages of its beneficial effects in comparison to physical exercises. METHODOLOGY: A comprehensive literature review was conducted utilizing PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords used for the search include "Yoga", "work", "complications", "physical exercise", "drugs" and "COVID" indifferent permutations and combinations with "pregnancy". We compiled the literature with respect to pregnancy complications and the effects of drugs, physical activity and Yoga for preventing these complications. RESULTS: We noted that pregnancy-related complications are becoming more prevalent because of a sedentary lifestyle, restricted physical activity and growing stress. In such situations, a home or workplace Yoga protocol can combine both exercise and mindfulness-based alleviation of anxiety for both working and non-working women. CONCLUSION: Yoga can be effective for combating stress and anxiety besides boosting immunity in pregnant working women confronted with the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Ioga/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Atenção Plena , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , SARS-CoV-2 , Comportamento Sedentário , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
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