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1.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 674, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011837

RESUMO

Prediction of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) based on catchment characteristics is a useful tool for efficient and effective water management, but in the case of arid and semi-arid regions, such predictive capacity is scarce. Accordingly, the main objective of this study was to evaluate the significance of principal components for predicting DOC concentrations and fluxes in nine headwater catchments of the Hiv catchment located in the Southern Alborz Mountains in the west of Tehran, Iran. To achieve this aim, data were assembled on 24 headwater catchment characteristics comprising soil properties, physiography, seasonal rainfall, and flow attributes, as well as estimates of DOC concentrations and fluxes across four seasons. The results revealed a major positive correlation between DOC and soil organic matter parameters related to soil biological processes. Using general linear modelling, an organic matter component related to soil biology, a seasonal component related to the dummy effect of sampling seasons, and a soil physical component related to soil texture were found to be the best predictors for DOC responses in the study area.


Assuntos
Ciclo do Carbono , Monitoramento Ambiental , Carbono/análise , Irã (Geográfico) , Solo
2.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 684, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026519

RESUMO

Groundwater quality monitoring is a critical part of water management in all groundwater basins. In order to be effective and to meet the required needs, groundwater quality monitoring networks (GQMNs) must be designed to be able to operate long-term and economically without minimal disruption. The analytical hierarchical process (AHP), a multi-criteria decision-making program, was used to design a GQMN for an alluvial aquifer located in the Islam Abad plain west of Kermanshah province, Iran. This semi-arid area is subject to groundwater depletion and water quality changes. The model used 8 primary criteria sub-divided with 5 sub-criteria based on a combination of empirical data and expert opinion. The primary criteria included density of wells, well discharge, well depth, water quality (conductivity), flow direction, annual groundwater extraction, water level declines, and accessibility. The model showed that 59 of 254 production wells in the basin could provide optimal monitoring locations. When a second screening of the wells was used to determine constraints (physical conditions of the wells and pumps, owner permission of use, type of the pump, etc.), the number of wells was reduced to 13 wells. An initial round of water sampling and chemical analysis demonstrated that the design of the GQMN met the goals of the water management agency of the region.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Água Subterrânea , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico) , Poços de Água
3.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 685, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026535

RESUMO

The Anzali wetland (located in northern Iran) and many parts of its catchment are considered important habitats for the swan mussel (Anodonta cygnea). The habitat of this native bioindicator mussel is being threatened in many locations of the catchment due to various anthropogenic activities. The present study aimed to apply a classification tree model (J48 algorithm) to predict the habitat preferences of A. cygnea in 12 sampling sites based on various water quality and physical-habitat variables. The species was present in 50% of sampling sites, while it was absent in the remaining of the sampling sites. In total, 144 samples of A. cygnea (72 presence and 72 absence instances) were monthly measured together with the abiotic variables during 1-year study period (2017-2018). For the CT model, two-thirds of datasets (96 instances) served as a training and the remainder was employed for the validation set (48 instances). Among 25 environmental variables introduced to the model (with pruning confidence factor = 0.10, threefold cross-validation and 5 times randomization effort), the validity of 6 variables was confirmed by the model in all three subsets. Water salinity, flow velocity, water depth and water turbidity were jointly predicted by the model in three subsets. The model predicted that the absence of A. cygnea might be associated with increasing flow velocity, total phosphate and water turbidity. In contrast, the presence of A. cygnea might be related to decreased water depth and increased calcium concentration. The model also confirmed that all predicted variables for the species might be completely dependent on the water salinity. According to the chi-square test (x2 = 26.53, p < 0.05), the habitat condition of A. cygnea is influenced by significant variations in the spatio-temporal patterns.


Assuntos
Anodonta , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico) , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 683, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026556

RESUMO

The main objective of this research was to investigate the impact of the construction of Karkheh Dam in 2001 (referred to as the intervention time), on groundwater quality. The time series of total dissolved solids (TDS) and other water quality data including potassium (K+), sodium (Na+), magnesium (Mg2+), calcium (Ca2+), bicarbonate (HCO3-), sulfate (SO42-), and chloride (Cl-) for the period between 1996 and 2012 were analyzed. The magnitude of the trend by Sen's slope estimator for HCO3-, SO42-, and TDS was 0.005, - 0.02 and - 3.04, where a decline expected for SO42- and TDS, whereas for HCO3-, an increase was expected. According to the Pettitt's test, the mean of TDS decreased from 2306.9 mg/l between 1996 and 2002 to 797.2 mg/l between 2002 and 2012. During this time, the standard deviation of TDS declined from 2187.1 to 132.0 mg/l. The results of change point detection by the Pruned Exact Linear Time (PELT) algorithm were consistent with that of Pettitt's test providing confirmation that a change point in Ca2+, Mg2+, SO42-, and TDS time series data occurred in 2002.The findings from intervention analysis using the Bayesian structural time series (BSTS) technique showed that TDS concentration during the post-intervention period had an average value of 1127 mg/l compared with 1972 mg/l, before the dam construction. The time series of TDS demonstrated a decrease of about 43% following the intervention time.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Teorema de Bayes , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico) , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 489, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 infection is a new disease that infects a large number of people, killing a ratio of whom every day in the world. Healthcare staff, especially nurses, experience a great deal of psychological distress during care of COVID-19 patients. Detecting factors that disturb nurses' mental health during care of these patients can help to reduce their psychological distress. Therefore, this study aimed to explore nurses' experiences of psychological distress during care of patients with COVID-19. METHODS: The present qualitative research was performed using the conventional content analysis method in Iran from March to May 2020. Participants in this study included the nurses caring for patients with COVID-19, and they were selected based on the purposeful sampling method. The data was collected through 20 phone call interviews and analyzed based on the method proposed by Lundman and Graneheim. RESULTS: Qualitative data analysis revealed 11 categories including death anxiety, anxiety due to the nature of the disease, anxiety caused by corpse burial, fear of infecting the family, distress about time wasting, emotional distress of delivering bad news, fear of being contaminated, the emergence of obsessive thoughts, the bad feeling of wearing personal protective equipment, conflict between fear and conscience, and the public ignorance of preventive measures. CONCLUSION: The data showed that the nurses experienced a variety of psychological distress during care of patients with COVID-19. Through proper planning by authorities, it is possible to manage the risk factors of mental health distress in nurses and improve their mental health status.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Esgotamento Profissional , Infecções por Coronavirus , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino
6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 494, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel corona virus, named COVID-19, has spread rapidly to other countries like Italy, Iran and South Korea and affected all people, especially health-care providers. Therefore, due to the rapid spread of the disease in Iran, the aim of the present study was to explore psychological distress experienced by Iranian health-care providers in the first few weeks of the corona virus outbreak. METHODS: The present qualitative study was conducted on 18 Iranian health-care providers exposed to COVID - 19 using a content analysis method. Purposeful sampling was used to select the participants and continued until data saturation was reached. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and then the qualitative data were analyzed through direct content analysis. RESULTS: By analyzing 236 primary codes, two main categories were extracted from the experiences of health-care providers during corona virus outbreak. The first category included Occupational demands with three sub-categories: nature of illness, Organizational demands and social demands. The second category was Supportive resources included personal support and social support. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study found that there were some barriers and challenges to medical personnel exposed to COVID-19 that caused psychological distress. Some of these problems related to the nature of illness, others related to social and organizational demands and some of supportive resources buffer the relationship between occupational demands and psychological distress.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 677, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025276

RESUMO

Local water quality indices (WQIs) are usually developed by modifying internationally recognized indices, which are considered reference index. In previous works on WQIs, the performance of local and reference indices has not been compared with each other. Therefore, the question crosses the mind whether using local or international indicators individually can show all qualitative aspects of a water resource. In this study, it was aimed to make this comparison between NSFWQIm (National Sanitation Foundation Water Quality Index) as the reference index and IRWQIsc (Iranian Water Quality Index for Surface Water Resource-Conventional Parameters) as the local one through a case study (Sefidroud River in northern Iran). Based on the results, the indices' performance in representing the seasonal and spatial fluctuations of the river water quality was almost similar. However, the water quality scores obtained by the two indices were somewhat different. Based on NSFWQIm, the average water quality score of the river was about 49.0, by which the water was categorized in "bad" class, while IRWQIsc represented an average score of 56.1, which corresponds to "fairly good" class. Therefore, NSFWQIm identified the water quality with stricter criteria than IRWQIsc, regarding the public health. On the other hand, according to relative standard deviations (0.17 for NSFWQIm, 0.21 for IRWQIsc) of the obtained water qualities, IRWQIsc better distinguished between high and low water qualities of the river. Accordingly, in order to better interpret the quality conditions of surface water resources in Iran, it is necessary to use both indices since NSFWQIm (reference index) attracts attention to stricter international standards and requirements, while IRWQIsc (local index) causes more focus on seasons or locations with the worst water quality.


Assuntos
Rios , Qualidade da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico) , Poluição da Água/análise
8.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2020: 9017157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029196

RESUMO

This paper deals with the mathematical modeling and numerical simulations related to the coronavirus dynamics. A description is developed based on the framework of the susceptible-exposed-infectious-removed model. Initially, a model verification is carried out calibrating system parameters with data from China, Italy, Iran, and Brazil. Results show the model capability to predict infectious evolution. Afterward, numerical simulations are performed in order to analyze different scenarios of COVID-19 in Brazil. Results show the importance of the governmental and individual actions to control the number and the period of the critical situations related to the pandemic.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Algoritmos , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias , Informática em Saúde Pública , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 691, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037483

RESUMO

Climate change is responsible for changes in the world's vegetation. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of long-term variations in the air temperature, precipitation, and dust concentration on normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) variations in the spring, summer, and growing season over arid regions of Iran. The results showed that the precipitation had a positive association with the NDVI in the spring and growing seasons (ß > + 0.28; P < 0.05), while air temperature had a negative relationship with the NDVI changes in these seasons (ß > - 0.34; P = 0.013). Our results also showed a negative relationship between the accumulated dust concentration (ADC) and NDVI in the spring (ß = - 0.23; P = 0.09) and growing seasons (ß = - 0.24; P = 0.003). Spatially, the strongest linkage between NDVI and climatic variables was observed in about two-thirds of the study region. In total, our findings indicate that the use of dust concentration, air temperature, and precipitation helps us to make a more accurate approach for evaluating the impacts of climate change on vegetation variations in the arid environments.


Assuntos
Poeira , Monitoramento Ambiental , Mudança Climática , Irã (Geográfico) , Temperatura
10.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 695, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040184

RESUMO

In the present paper, land use/land cover (LULC) change was predicted in the Greater Isfahan area (GIA), central Iran. The GIA has been growing rapidly in recent years, and attempts to simulate its spatial expansion would be essential to make appropriate decisions in LULC management plans and achieve sustainable development. Several modeling tools were employed to outline sustainable scenarios for future dynamics of LULCs in the region. Specifically, we explored past LULC changes in the study area from 1996 to 2018 and predicted its future changes for 2030 and 2050. For this purpose, we performed object-oriented and decision tree techniques on Landsat and Sentinel-2 satellite images. The CA-Markov hybrid model was utilized to analyze past trends and predict future LULC changes. LULC changes were quantitatively measured using landscape metrics. According to the results, the majority of changes were related to increasing residential areas and decreasing irrigated lands. The results indicated that residential lands would grow from 27,886.87 ha to 67,093.62 ha over1996-2050 while irrigated lands decrease from 99,799.4 ha to 50,082.16 ha during the same period of time. The confusion matrix of the 2018 LULC map was built using a total of 525 ground truth points and yielded a Kappa coefficient and overall accuracy of 78% and 82%, respectively. Moreover, the confusion matrix constructed base on the Sentinel-2 map, as a reference, to judge the predicted 2018 LULC map with a Kappa coefficient of 88%. The results of this study provide useful insights for sustainable land management. The results of this research also proved the promising capability of remote sensing algorithms, CA-Markov model and landscape metrics future LULC planning in the study area.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Benchmarking , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico)
11.
J Med Case Rep ; 14(1): 186, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023635

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, was first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The virus, known as COVID-19, is recognized as a potentially life-threatening disease by causing severe respiratory disease. Since this virus has not previously been detected in humans, there is a paucity of information regarding its effects on humans. In addition, only limited or no information exists about its impact during pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: In the present case study, we report the death of a neonate born to a 32-year-old mother with coronavirus disease 2019 in Ilam, Iran, with Kurdish ethnicity. We report the infection and death of a neonate in Iran with a chest X-ray (CXR) marked abnormality 2 hours after birth demonstrating coronavirus disease 2019 disease. The neonate was born by elective cesarean section, the fetal health was assessed using fetal heart rate and a non-stress test before the birth, and there was no evidence of fetal distress. All the above-mentioned facts and radiographic abnormalities suggested that coronavirus disease 2019 is involved. CONCLUSIONS: In this case study, we report the death of a neonate born to a mother with coronavirus disease 2019, 11 hours after birth. There is a paucity of data on the vertical transmission and the adverse maternal-fetal consequences of this disease, so vertical transmission from mother to child remains to be confirmed.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Adulto , Cesárea/métodos , Deterioração Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/terapia , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Irã (Geográfico) , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Morte Perinatal , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/terapia , Respiração Artificial/métodos
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 736, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is associated with potential risks of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs). Different strategies are needed to monitor blood safety and screen the donors' efficacy, such as evaluation of the prevalence and trends of TTIs. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and trends of TTIs, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV 1/2), and the impact of the donors' characteristics such as age, sex, and donor status on the prevalence of TTIs in blood donors in seven large provinces of Iran from 2010 to 2018. METHODS: This study was conducted on the data collected from all blood donations in seven Iranian Blood Transfusion Centers including Ardabil, Alborz, Guilan, West Azarbaijan, North, Razavi, and South Khorasan from April 2010 to March 2018. Demographic characteristics, number of donations, donor status, and screening and confirmatory serological results of all blood donations were collected from Iranian Blood Transfusion Organizations (IBTO) national database. The prevalence and trend of HBV, HCV, HIV, and HTLV 1/2 infections were reported according to the donation year and donor's characteristics. RESULTS: The analysis of the prevalence and trend of TTIs in 3,622,860 blood donors showed a significant decreasing trend in first-time and regular donors. Additionally, compared to first- time donors, regular donors made safer blood donations with lower risks of HBV, HIV, HCV and HTLV 1/2 (P < 0.0001). Although the prevalence of HTLV 1/2 and HBV was higher in females, TTIs had a significant decreasing trend in males and females. Finally, it was found that the prevalence of HBV and HTLV 1/2 increased with age up to 40-49 years and then decreased thereafter. CONCLUSIONS: The decreasing trends of TTIs in Iranian donors during 9 years may indicate that the various strategies implemented by IBTO have been effective in recent years. Other factors such as a decrease in the prevalence of specific TTIs in the general population might have also contributed to these declines.


Assuntos
Segurança do Sangue , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HTLV-I/diagnóstico , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Doadores de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HTLV-I/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Reação Transfusional/diagnóstico , Reação Transfusional/epidemiologia , Reação Transfusional/virologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 38(2)2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess burnout level during an outbreak of COVID-19 and to identify influencing factors between frontline nurses and nurses from other wards. METHODS: This cross-sectional study makes comparison between two groups of nurses including frontline (exposure group) and other nurses working in usual wards (non-exposure group) in Torbat Heydariyeh city, Iran. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI), Job stress questionnaire (JSQ), and questionnaires of hospital resources, family support, and measuring the fear of COVID-19 were used as research instruments. RESULTS: The scores of job stress and burnout in the exposure group with COVID-19 infection were significantly higher than in the non-exposure group (p=0.006 and p=0.002, respectively). Although, in univariate linear regression, employment status (p=0.047), experience in taking care of patient confirmed or suspected with COVID-19 infection (p=0.006), hospital resources (p=0.047), and job stress (p < 0.001) were considered as significant risk factors for COVID-19-related burnout. In multivariate regression analysis, job stress (p=0.031, ß=0.308) was considered as an only factor that has a significant relationship with COVID-19-related burnout. CONCLUSIONS: The burnout level in frontline nurses was higher than other nurses, the most important influencing factor was the job stress. Regarding to negative effects of burnout on both physical and mental health nurses, it is suggested that a strong strategy be considered to reduce nurses' burnout to be able to control ongoing and future outbreaks successfully.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zootaxa ; 4816(2): zootaxa.4816.2.10, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055710

RESUMO

Aptinothrips iraniensis sp. n. is described from northeast of Iran as the fifth species in this genus. It is closely similar to A. rufus in shape and habitat. An illustrated key is provided to the four species of Aptinothrips recorded from Iran.


Assuntos
Tisanópteros , Animais , Ecossistema , Irã (Geográfico)
15.
Zootaxa ; 4852(3): zootaxa.4852.3.1, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056411

RESUMO

A faunal and molecular taxonomic study of Iranian bark and ambrosia beetle species based on field collections, museum specimens and literature data was carried out from in the period 2011-2016. A total of 29 genera and 84 species were found for Iran. A morphological key for species identification is provided. Molecular identification based on mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (CO1) barcoding region gene was also performed for the collected specimens to confirm morphological identification, and an exclusive DNA barcode was provided and registered for the samples collected in this study. Host plants and distribution of each species in the Palearctic region and in Iran are reported in the key.


Assuntos
Ambrosia , Besouros , Gorgulhos , Animais , Irã (Geográfico) , Casca de Planta
16.
Zootaxa ; 4838(4): zootaxa.4838.4.4, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056803

RESUMO

Extensive samplings of benthic fauna along the Iranian coastlines of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman during 2018-2019 resulted in a small series of shrimps of the alpheid genus Salmoneus. Based on a thorough examination of this material, as well as previously collected specimens, one new species, S. rashedi n. sp., is described, whilst a significant range extension of S. chadwickae Duris Horká, 2016 is reported. Salmoneus rashedi n. sp. is a member of S. gracilipes species group. The present new species differs from other species of the group by a longer rostrum with a short dorsal crest and a single ventral rostral tooth; the species occurs in two colour forms from yellow to reddish orange with some transverse red bands.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Irã (Geográfico)
17.
Zootaxa ; 4838(3): zootaxa.4838.3.10, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056819

RESUMO

As part of a comparison of the collembolan fauna in soil of forest, grasslands and broadacre agriculture in north east Iran, several pale green specimens were found that complied with all characters of Isotomurus prasinus (Reuter, 1891) and keyed out as such in Potapov (2001) except that the body covering consisted of smooth mesochaetae and not ciliated chaetae as are present in prasinus according to Potapov (2001). On a more extensive examination of the recent literature, it was clear that the Iranian specimens belonged to the species Isotomurus graminis Fjellberg, 2007 described six years later. In his description, Fjellberg (2007) notes that some specimens of the new species could have previously been identified as I. prasinus in spite of having a different chaetotaxic covering. He also notes that, in a number of characters, it is identical with Isotomurus unifasciatus (Börner, 1901) but the colour differentiates them as this latter species usually has a broad, pigmented, longitudinal dorsal stripe.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Animais , Cor , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Solo
18.
Zootaxa ; 4763(4): zootaxa.4763.4.5, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056846

RESUMO

Here we define the Camponotus samius complex, a distinct subunit within the compressus-sylvaticus group, and revise the species known from the Turano-Balkan region (the Balkans, Middle East, Anatolia, Caucasus, Iran and W Turkestan). We confirm the presence of six species of the complex from the Turano-Balkan region, and we provide diagnoses and a key. Additionally, based on new material from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran, we describe Camponotus bakhtiariensis sp. nov.-a new member of the samius complex.


Assuntos
Formigas , Animais , Irã (Geográfico)
20.
Arch Iran Med ; 23(8): 557-560, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894968

RESUMO

Reducing maternal mortality is one of the Sustainable Development Goals. Although there is no vigorous evidence that pregnant women are in the high-risk groups in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is crucial to respond to the pandemic through providing required action plans for confirmed or suspected pregnant women cases while maintaining routine functions. Iran's response and preparedness measures to COVID-19 aimed to meet the essential needs required to protect pregnant women and their families. Establishing a national maternal health network, relying on mechanisms for timely reporting, monitoring, and following-up, preparing guidelines and protocols required for COVID-19 management in pregnant women though a multidisciplinary team working approach, and embedding the precautions of reducing transmission in maternity care were the main measures taken to cope with COVID-19 in pregnancy. Iran's experience in providing maternity care during the COVID-19 can guide other countries affected by COVID-19. However, it should be adapted to local health-care facilities, as well as in response to any further updates on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Gravidez
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