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2.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(40): 8644-8649, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536343

RESUMO

Most of the current efforts in drug discovery are devoted to the design of molecules able to mitigate side effects by concentrating the biological action in the targeted tissue. One promising strategy is photodynamic therapy, which is based on the in situ generation of reactive singlet oxygen upon radiation exposure. However, such an approach requires the use of an efficient photosensitizer. This contribution deals with the optical properties of an Ir(III) complex, [Ir(pbz)2(N^N)] (pbz = 2-phenylbenzimidazole; N^N = methyl 1-butyl-2-pyridyl-benzimidazole-5-carboxylate), which has recently been shown to exhort a strong photoactivity, but still needs further improvements to reach clinical applications. We performed density functional theory calculations at the M06, PBE0, ωB97xD, and CAM-B3LYP levels to predict the impact of introducing electron donor-acceptor groups into the nature of the lowest excited states. The simulations performed demonstrate that the presence of a NH2 at the pbz ligand and a NO2 group at the N^N ligand yield a bathochromic shift of absorption spectrum. We report the most sensitive positions to tune the optical signatures of this family of complexes.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Irídio/química , Antineoplásicos/efeitos da radiação , Complexos de Coordenação/efeitos da radiação , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Ligantes , Luz , Modelos Químicos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/efeitos da radiação
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(80): 12016-12019, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498360

RESUMO

Redox-modulating anticancer drugs allow the exploitation of altered redox biology observed in many cancer cells. We discovered dinuclear RhIII(Cp*) and IrIII(Cp*) complexes that have in vitro anticancer activity superior to cisplatin and the investigational drug IT-139, while being less toxic in haemolysis and in vivo zebrafish models. The mode of action appears to be related to DNA damage and ROS-mediated stress pathways.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Irídio/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ródio/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Hemólise , Humanos , Ligantes , Camundongos , Oxirredução , Rutênio/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra
5.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(8): 2012-2022, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282525

RESUMO

Organic-metal complexes are promising molecules for use in photodynamic therapy (PDT). The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro effects of novel Ru(ii) and Ir(iii) BODIPY complexes for PDT. These hybrid organic-metal molecules (Ru-BD and Ir-BD) have been synthesized via reactions of a BODIPY precursor (BD) with a phenanthroline unit bearing Ru(ii) (3) and novel Ir(iii) (4) compounds. The crystal structures of the new distyryl BODIPY (BD) and Ru(ii) complex (3) are also reported. The photophysical and singlet oxygen generation properties of Ru-BD and Ir-BD were investigated in comparison with unsubstituted BODIPY (BD). Moreover, Ru-BD and Ir-BD have been biologically evaluated in vitro in chronic myeloid leukemia and cervical cancer cell lines in terms of photodynamic therapy efficacy in the presence of BD control. These complexes were not toxic in the dark but red light was needed to induce cell death. These data support the fact that Ru-BD could be accepted as a valuable photosensitizer-drug for further PDT treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Corantes/farmacologia , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes/síntese química , Corantes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Irídio/farmacologia , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Rutênio/química , Rutênio/farmacologia , Oxigênio Singlete/análise , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
6.
Chemistry ; 25(55): 12730-12739, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290208

RESUMO

The synthesis and characterisation of three novel iridium(III) bis-cyclometallated complexes is reported. Their photophysics have been fully characterised by classical methods and revealed charge-transfer (CT) and ligand-centred (LC) transitions. Their ability to selectively interact with G-quadruplex telomeric DNA over duplex DNA has been studied by circular dichroism (CD), bio-layer interferometry (BLI) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analyses. Interestingly, one of the complexes was able to promote photoinduced electron transfer (PET) with the guanine DNA base, which in turn led to oxidative damage (such as the formation of 8-oxoguanine) to the telomeric sequence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of highly photo-oxidising bis-cyclometallated iridium(III) complexes with G-quadruplex telomeric DNA.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , DNA/química , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Irídio/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Quadruplex G , Guanina/química , Ligantes , Oxirredução , Telômero
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 390-400, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202127

RESUMO

Two iridium(III) polypyridyl complexes [Ir(ppy)2(HPIP)](PF6) (Ir-1), [Ir(ppy)2(BHPIP)](PF6) (Ir-2) and their liposomes Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo was evaluated. The cytotoxic activity in vitro of the complexes and their liposomes Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo against cancer cells was investigated by MTT methods. Ir-1 and Ir-2 show no cytotoxic activity, while Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo exhibit high cytotoxic effect. The IC50 values range from 5.2 ±â€¯0.8 to 22.3 ±â€¯1.8 µM. The apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, the change of mitochondrial membrane potential, intracellular Ca2+ levels and a release of cytochrome c were investigated. The effect of Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo on microtubules was also explored. In the C57BL/6 mice model, Ir-1 only displays a tumor inhibitory rate of 23.21%, while lr-1-Lipo exhibits satisfactory in vivo antitumor efficacy with tumor inhibitory rate of 72.55%. This study demonstrates that complexes encapsulated in liposomes induce apoptosis in B16 through ROS-mediated lysosomal-mitochondria dysfunction, inhibition of polymerization of microtubules and induce cell cycle arrest at S phase.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Desenho de Drogas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Irídio/farmacologia , Lipossomos/química , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 401-416, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202128

RESUMO

This work mainly introduces the synthesis and characterization of three iridium(III) complexes [Ir(ppy)2(adppz)](PF6) (Ir-1), [Ir(bzq)2(addpz)](PF6) (Ir-2) and [Ir(piq)2(adppz)](PF6) (Ir-3). The complexes are more cytotoxic than cisplatin against tumor cell lines such as SGC-7901, A549, HeLa, Eca-109, HepG2 and BEL-7402. The toxicity test results indicated that complexes Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 can effectively inhibit the cell growth of SGC-7901 cells, and the measured IC50 values are 1.8 ±â€¯0.4, 1.6 ±â€¯0.3 and 0.8 ±â€¯0.1 µM, respectively. AO/EB staining and flow apoptosis confirmed that SGC-7901 cells were caused apoptosis after being treated with the complexes. Along with the increase of endogenous ROS and Ca2+ levels, mitochondrial membrane potential collapse and massive release of cytochrome c, it is fully demonstrated that these complexes induce apoptosis through ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway. At the same time, the complex Ir-3 is outstanding in the inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. Combined with the above results, it provides a favorable foundation for the future development of more effective anti-tumor drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Irídio/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Chemistry ; 25(45): 10566-10570, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197892

RESUMO

A family of three neutral iridium(III) tetrazolato complexes are investigated as bacterial imaging agents. The complexes offer a facile tuning of the emission colour from green (520 nm) to red (600 nm) in aqueous media, while keeping the excitation wavelength unchanged. The three complexes do not inhibit the bacterial growth of Bacillus Cereus, used as a model in this study, and exhibit extremely fast cellular uptake. After a minute incubation time, the nontoxic complexes show subcellular localisation in spherical structures identified as lipid vacuoles. Confocal Raman imaging has been exploited for the first time on live bacteria, to provide direct and label-free mapping of the lipid-enriched organelles within B. cereus, complementing the use of luminescent probes. Examination of the Raman spectra not only confirmed the presence of lipophilic inclusions in B. cereus but offered additional information about their chemical composition, suggesting that the lipid vacuoles may contain polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB).


Assuntos
Bacillus cereus/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Irídio/química , Lipídeos/química , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Análise Espectral Raman
10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 26-37, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233920

RESUMO

PDT is a well-established therapeutic modality for many types of cancer. Photoluminescent cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes are one of the most commonly used classes of organometallic compounds with potential beneficial applications in bioimaging and as promising anticancer agents. In the present study, three new cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes (Ir1-Ir3) containing guanidinium ligands were found to exert excellent cytotoxic effects on different types of cancer cells upon light irradiation at 425 nm. Notably, Ir1 conferred almost no dark toxicity (IC50 > 100 µM) to HepG2 cells, but the value decreased by 387-fold to 0.36 µM following 10 min of light irradiation (425 nm). Further mechanistic investigation revealed that complex Ir1 could induce apoptosis via the activation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated mitochondrial signaling pathways in the presence or absence of light irradiation. In vivo studies demonstrated that Ir1 significantly inhibited tumor growth in HepG2 xenograft-bearing mice under light irradiation at 425 nm. Taken together, these findings indicate that designing PDT-based Ir(III) complexes may hold a great deal of promise for anticancer drug development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Guanidina/farmacologia , Irídio/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Imagem Óptica , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Guanidina/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Irídio/química , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/patologia , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(49): 7085-7088, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150032

RESUMO

A luminescent biosensor has been developed for matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) assays based on the selective interaction between an Ir(iii) solvent complex and a histidine-rich peptide, which avoids the complicated double labeling of substrate polypeptides commonly-used in FRET MMP detections and provides a promising strategy for MMP detection in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Histidina/química , Irídio/química , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/análise , Peptídeos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Histidina/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Solventes/química
12.
Inorg Chem ; 58(13): 8587-8595, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117633

RESUMO

A new N,O-based BODIPY ligand was synthesized and further utilized to develop highly fluorescent and photostable Ru(II), Rh(III), and Ir(III) metal complexes. The complexes were fully characterized by different analytical techniques including single-crystal XRD studies. The photostabilities and live cell imaging capabilities of the complexes were investigated via confocal microscopy. The complexes localized specifically in the mitochondria of live cells and showed negligible cytotoxicities at a concentration used for imaging purposes. They also exhibited high photostabilities, with fluorescence intensities remaining above 50% after 1800 scans.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/efeitos da radiação , Compostos de Boro/toxicidade , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/efeitos da radiação , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/efeitos da radiação , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células HeLa , Humanos , Irídio/química , Ligantes , Microscopia Confocal , Fotodegradação , Ródio/química , Rutênio/química
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(17): 15417-15425, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964627

RESUMO

The iridium(III)-cyanine complex (IrCy) was fabricated by conjugating an iridium(III) complex to a cyanine dye with an intense near-infrared (NIR) absorption. IrCy complex nanoparticles (NPs) with high water solubility and photostability were prepared by a solvent evaporation-induced self-assembly strategy. Considering their effective photacoustic (PA) imaging and generation of 1O2 property with 808 nm laser irradiation in aqueous solution, PA imaging guided NIR-driven photodynamic therapy in vivo was effectively conducted in the 4T1 xenograft model. We developed a real-time PA imaging methodology to investigate the pharmacokinetics, tumor targeting, and biodistribution of IrCy NPs. Taking advantage of the analysis of the PA signal of the common iliac vein, the blood circulation half-life of IrCy NPs in mice was calculated to be ∼18 h, and the enhanced permeability and retention effect of IrCy NPs offered the maximum targeting property in the tumor at about 24 h. The obvious change of PA imaging signal in kidney and bladder confirmed IrCy NPs should be excreted partially from the urine system, and the PA signal decreased from 12.5× to 2.8× in the liver, and from 28.8× to 9.4× in the spleen also confirmed the hepatic metabolic pathway.


Assuntos
Carbocianinas/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Irídio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Lasers , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Fotoquimioterapia , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual , Transplante Heterólogo
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(17): 15276-15289, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968687

RESUMO

Clinical diagnostics and therapeutics of tumors are significantly benefitted by the development of multifunctional theranostic agents, which integrate tumor targeting, imaging, and therapeutics. However, the integration of imaging and therapy functionalities to a unimolecular framework remains a great challenge. Herein, a family of amphiphilic gemini iridium(III) complexes (GIC), Ir1-Ir6, are synthesized and characterized. The presence of quaternary ammonium (QA) groups endows GIC with adjustable water solubility and excellent self-assembly properties. Spectroscopic and computational results reveal that introducing QA groups into cyclometalating ligands (CN ligands) can overcome the drawback of aggregation-caused emission quenching and ensure Ir1-Ir3 with high emission intensity and excellent singlet oxygen (1O2) generation ability in aqueous media. Cell-based assays indicate that Ir3 shows higher cellular uptake efficiency and localizes specifically in the mitochondria, as well as exhibits outstanding photostability and an impressive phototoxicity index with satisfactory performance in mitochondria-targeted imaging and photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumor cells. Furthermore, in vivo studies further prove that Ir3 possesses excellent antitumor activity and remarkably inhibits the growth of the HepG2 cells under PDT treatment. Consequently, this study presents a promising strategy for designing clinical application potential multifunctional iridium complex theranostic agents for mitochondria-targeted imaging and PDT in a single molecular framework.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Irídio/química , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Luz , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Imagem Óptica , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Transplante Heterólogo
16.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1979: 285-303, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028645

RESUMO

Mass cytometry is a variation of conventional flow cytometry using metal tagged antibodies for cell staining instead of fluorochromes and detection in a mass cytometer, a modified mass spectrometer that allows for separation of discrete masses of these metal tags by time of flight (TOF). Currently, up to 50 different metal tags are available for cell analysis. The lack of any significant mass spectral overlap and autofluorescence background makes mass cytometry uniquely suited for complex high-dimensional phenotypic and functional analysis at the single cell level, thus accelerating biomarker discovery and drug screening. Here we describe a workflow for phenotyping of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) covering cell staining, instrument setup of a Fluidigm Helios™ mass cytometer, and sample acquisition, and summarize a basic workflow of data analysis.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Imunoconjugados/imunologia , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Separação Celular/métodos , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/química , Irídio/química , Irídio/imunologia , Isótopos/química , Isótopos/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Ródio/química , Ródio/imunologia , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos
17.
Org Lett ; 21(9): 3299-3303, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993989

RESUMO

IrCl(cod)2]/dppe-catalyzed α-methylation of aryl esters using methanol as the C1 source was developed. This methylation process is useful in several fields including organic chemistry, biochemistry, and medicinal chemistry. Readily available methanol as methylation reagent was successfully adapted. The reaction processed high atom economy and efficient. By applying the reaction system, the synthesis method of naproxen was provided.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Ésteres/síntese química , Irídio/química , Metanol/química , Catálise , Ligantes , Metilação , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução , Temperatura Ambiente
18.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979032

RESUMO

Boryl ligands play a very important role in catalysis because of their very high electron-donating property. In this paper, NNB-type boryl anions were designed as tridentate ligands to promote aryl C-H borylation. In combination with [IrCl(COD)]2, they generate a highly active catalyst for a broad range of (hetero)arene substrates, including highly electron-rich and/or sterically hindered ones. This work provides a new NNB-type tridentate boryl ligand to support homogeneous organometallic catalysis.


Assuntos
Compostos de Boro/química , Irídio/química , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Catálise , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular
19.
Chemistry ; 25(45): 10633-10641, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025784

RESUMO

A new class of luminescent molecular hybrids in which eight cyclometalated iridium(III) polypyridine complexes are grafted onto a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) unit [POSS-{Ir(N^C)2 (py-im)}8 ](PF6 )8 [py-im=pyridine imine; HN^C=N-phenylpyrazole (Hppz) (1 a), 2-phenylpyridine (Hppy) (2 a), 2-phenylquinoline (Hpq) (3 a)] were synthesized and characterized. On photoexcitation, the complexes showed intense and long-lived orange-red to red emission in fluid solutions at room temperature and in low-temperature glasses. The photophysical properties including aggregation-induced emission and biological properties of these complexes were studied and compared with those of their POSS-free counterparts [Ir(N^C)2 (py-im)](PF6 ) [HN^C=Hppz (1 b), Hppy (2 b), Hpq (3 b)]. The (photo)cytotoxicity of the complexes was examined by the MTT assay, and their cellular uptake and intracellular localization were investigated by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and laser-scanning confocal microscopy.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Irídio/química , Compostos de Organossilício/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Microscopia Confocal , Nanoestruturas/química , Piridinas/química , Raios Ultravioleta
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(16): 8394-8401, 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942802

RESUMO

Two-photon photodynamic therapy (TP-PDT) plays crucial roles in curing tumors because it involves deep penetration of drugs into the tissue and has minimal damage to the surrounding cells. Our theoretical study was aimed at providing fresh insights into photosensitizers, such as [Ir(N^C)2(N^N)]+ (N^C = 2-phenylpyridine, N^N = bis-benzimidazole) and [Rh(N^C)2(N^N)]+, to treat cancer via the TP-PDT route. To better understand the properties of the complexes [Ir(N^C)2(N^N)]+ and [Rh(N^C)2(N^N)]+, the one-photon and two-photon absorption electronic spectra, energy gap (ΔES-T), strength of two-photon absorption cross-section (δ), spin-orbit matrix element (S1|HSO|Tj), and phosphorescence lifetimes (τ) were calculated by DFT and TD-DFT. The calculation results suggested that both complexes met the criteria (i.e. an efficient ISC process, enough energy to produce 1O2 and phototherapeutic window of the absorption wavelength) of photosensitizers; importantly, the designed complex [Rh(N^C)2(N^N)]+ had better performance than [Ir(N^C)2(N^N)]+, especially in the long-lived triplet excited state. It is expected that our research can make quite a few contributions to the development of photosensitizers and establish some guidelines for experiments based on TP-PDT.


Assuntos
Benzimidazóis/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Irídio/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Piridinas/química , Ródio/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia , Teoria Quântica
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