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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(1): e2033441, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433598

RESUMO

Importance: The BEACON trial showed that combination therapy with encorafenib (BRAF inhibitor) and cetuximab (EGFR inhibitor) was associated with prolonged overall survival compared with standard chemotherapy in patients with metastatic BRAF variant colorectal cancer. However, the cost-effectiveness of using these agents in this clinical setting is unknown. Objective: To create a cost-effectiveness model to compare doublet therapy (encorafenib plus cetuximab) with standard chemotherapy (cetuximab plus irinotecan or cetuximab plus folinic acid, fluorouracil, and irinotecan) in treating patients with metastatic BRAF variant colorectal cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This economic evaluation constructed a Markov model to compare the lifetime cost and utility of doublet therapy and standard chemotherapy. Parametric survival modeling was used to extrapolate the effectiveness of each line of therapy from large clinical trials. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses assessed the uncertainty in the model. Patients mirrored the cohorts in the BEACON trial: they had metastatic BRAF variant colorectal cancer and were followed up as they progressed through multiple lines of therapy, best supportive care, and death. Data collection and data analysis were performed from November 15, 2019, to July 14, 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, which was calculated using the cumulative cost and effectiveness in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), of doublet therapy compared with standard chemotherapy. Results: The model patient cohort had a mean age of 61 years, and 53% of the patients were women, 66% had 1 previous line of therapy, and 8% had high microsatellite instability. Doublet therapy was associated with an improvement of 0.15 QALYs compared with standard chemotherapy. However, the incremental cost of doublet therapy was $78 233, leading to an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $523 374 per QALY gained. Concomitant decreases in the price of encorafenib and cetuximab are needed to achieve cost-effectiveness at a willingness-to-pay threshold of $150 000 per QALY gained. Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that doublet therapy for metastatic BRAF variant colorectal cancer was unlikely to be cost-effective under current pricing. Cost-effectiveness needs to be considered in clinical trial design, particularly when combining new therapies with non-cost-effective treatments that are coadministered without a fixed duration.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Carbamatos/administração & dosagem , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Cadeias de Markov , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem
2.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1645-1653, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951974

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and safety of the combination of bronchial arterial infusion (BAI) chemotherapy and transarterial chemoembolization with the use of drug-eluting embolic (DEE) particles in the treatment of unresectable advanced lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 23 patients with unresectable lung cancer (stage III/IV) who received BAI chemotherapy and DEE chemoembolization. Treatment response was assessed by enhanced CT and evaluated on the basis of Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors at 30 d after the last combination treatment. Patients were followed up until death or March 15, 2020, whichever was first. Overall survival (OS) was estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis, and factors associated with OS were evaluated by Cox proportional-hazards test. RESULTS: Complete response, partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease were seen in 2, 16, 5, and 0 patients at 30 d after the last combination treatment, respectively; therefore, the overall response rate was 78.3% and the disease control rate was 100%. Preprocedure symptoms (hemoptysis in 7 patients and dyspnea in 10) resolved in all cases after combination therapy. Nineteen patients died during follow-up, and 4 survived. Median OS was 15.6 mo (95% confidence interval, 10.1-21.1 mo). On univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, tumor/node/metastasis staging was an independent risk factor for prognosis. There were no serious adverse events during the procedures. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of BAI chemotherapy plus DEE chemoembolization appears to be a promising method for treatment of advanced lung cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Artérias Brônquicas , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 21(6): 231, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778980

RESUMO

The classically used nontargeted chemotherapeutic approach to pancreatic cancer has a dual drawback of suboptimal drug delivery at the target site and the systemic side effects produced by the unfettered exposure of the drug to healthy tissue. This study has the objective of developing novel poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PETOX)-based long circulating liposomes loaded with gemcitabine and irinotecan for the treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, with a juxtaposition to PEGylated and uncoated liposomes. A PETOX-cholesteryl chloroformate lipopolymer conjugate (PETOX-ChC) with a carbonate linkage was prepared and characterized by 1H NMR, FTIR, and DSC. Liposomes were prepared using the thin film hydration technique followed by freeze-thaw and membrane extrusion methods. Liposome characterization includes particle size determination, zeta potential determination using a zetameter, and structural elucidation using 31P NMR and cryo-TEM. The PETOXylated liposomes showed a particle size of 180.1 ± 2.2 nm and a zeta potential of - 33.63 ± 1.23 mV. The liposomal combination therapy of gemcitabine and irinotecan was found to have an IC50 value 39 times lower in comparison to the drug combination in solution, while the PEGylated and PETOXylated liposomes showed IC50 values 1.6 times lower and 2 times lower than that of uncoated liposomes, respectively, against Mia PaCa II pancreatic cancer cell line. The PEGylated and PETOXylated liposomes showed 4.1 and 5.4 times slower macrophagial uptake in vitro in comparison to the uncoated liposomes respectively. The PEGylated liposomes showed 11% higher in vitro macrophagial uptake in comparison to PETOXylated liposomes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Lipossomos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química
4.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1600-1608, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861569

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare survival after CT-guided percutaneous irreversible electroporation (IRE) and folinic acid, fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX) chemotherapy versus FOLFIRINOX only in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A post hoc comparison was performed of data derived from a prospective IRE-FOLFIRINOX cohort and a retrospective FOLFIRINOX-only cohort. All patients received a minimum of 3 cycles of FOLFIRINOX for LAPC and were considered eligible for CT-guided percutaneous IRE. Endpoints included overall survival (OS), local and distant progression-free survival, and time to progression (TTP) and were compared using stratified Kaplan-Meier analysis. Patients who received > 8 cycles of FOLFIRINOX before IRE and who had tumors > 6 cm in the FOLFIRINOX-only group were excluded. RESULTS: Of 103 patients with a diagnosis of LAPC, 52 were deemed eligible (n = 30 IRE-FOLFIRINOX and n = 22 FOLFIRINOX-only). Patients in the FOLFIRINOX-only arm had larger tumors (53 mm ± 19 vs 38 mm ± 7, P = .340), had more locoregional lymph node metastases (23% vs 7%, P = .622), and more often received radiotherapy (7 patients vs 2 patients, P = .027); all other baseline characteristics were comparable. Median OS was 17.0 months (range, 5-35 mo; SD = 6) for IRE-FOLFIRINOX versus 12.4 months (range, 3-22 mo; SD = 6) for FOLFIRINOX-only (P = .038). After sensitivity analyses, median OS was 17.2 months (range, 6-27 mo; SD = 6) versus 12.4 months (range, 7-32 mo; SD = 10) (P = .05). Median TTP was longer in the IRE-FOLFIRINOX group: 14.2 months (range, 5-25 mo; SD = 4) versus 5.2 months (range, 2-22; SD = 6) (P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with LAPC after FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy, CT-guided percutaneous IRE may improve OS and TTP. This study may facilitate the design of randomized controlled trials to compare survival after IRE-FOLRINOX versus FOLFIRINOX-only.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Eletroporação , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Técnicas de Ablação/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Ablação/mortalidade , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Radiografia Intervencionista/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(9): 1570-1580, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666388

RESUMO

Neo-adjuvant chemoradiation (NA-CRT) is the standard of management for the locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC), achieving very low rates of local recurrence (LR). However, NA-CRT fails to control distant recurrence and improve survival, whilst it is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and increased acute and late toxicity. In recent years, neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACTx) appears in the literature as an alternative to NA-CRT in patients with LARC. In the present study, the authors review all current evidence on the specific subject. Following a systematic search of the literature, 25 studies were identified reporting on short- or long-term outcomes of NACTx for LARC. Seventeen studies were prospective or retrospective series, and 8 comparative. Of the comparative studies, one was a randomized control trial (RCT) comparing NACTx to NA-CRT and to the combination of NACTx/NA-CRT, and another a non-randomized study comparing NACTx to NA-CRT. Chemotherapeutic regimens were 5-fluoropyrimidine and oxaliplatin based. In some of them, irinotecan or/and bevacizumab was added. A pooled analysis showed that NACTx is associated with a mean anastomotic leak rate of 6.8%. In the RCT, postoperative morbidity and overall toxicity was significantly less in the NACTx group. Mean T downstaging (ypStage 0-I) was 49.6%, mean N downstaging 69.6% and mean pathologic complete response (pCR) 10.7%. The RCT showed an inferior pCR rate after NACTx than after NA-CRT, but similar rates of T downstaging. Mean LR was 8.6% and mean distant recurrence 17.2%. Satisfactory survival rates are reported by several studies. NACTx seems to be an alternative to NA-CRT for patients with LARC, associated with low anastomotic leak, adequate tumour downstaging, low LR and rather high survival rates. Further data deriving from high-quality studies are necessary to assess safety and efficacy of NACTx as a substitute to NA-CRT, for at least a subset of patients with LARC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Eur J Cancer ; 132: 159-167, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Second-line chemotherapy (SLC) improves survival in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Patients receiving SLC are categorized into two disease status groups: tumour progression after first-line chemotherapy and early recurrence after adjuvant chemotherapy. Differences between these groups have not yet been clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 163 eligible patients registered in the randomized phase III TRICS trial evaluating SLC for patients with AGC was classified into the progressive disease (PD) group (n = 55) or the early relapse (ER) group (n = 108). We compared overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), and safety. Adjusted OS and adjusted PFS were estimated using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). RESULTS: The ER group had a lower median age than the PD group (66 vs. 72 years; P = 0.016), performance status (PS) 0 was more frequently seen in the ER group (87% vs. 71%; P = 0.012). The adjusted median OS was 13.7 months in the ER group and 13.6 months in the PD group (IPTW hazard ratio [HR]: 1.023; P = 0.854). The adjusted median PFS was 4.9 months in the ER group and 4.4 months in the PD group (IPTW HR: 0.707; P = 0.004). ORR was significantly better in the ER group than the PD group (21.3% vs. 4.9%; P = 0.020). No significant differences were observed in the incidence of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: ER was associated with improved PFS and better ORR than PD, although no difference in survival was demonstrated. From the viewpoint of treatment outcome, it seems appropriate to treat patients with ER in the same way as patients with PD. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN 000002571.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
J Med Chem ; 63(10): 5421-5441, 2020 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352777

RESUMO

Herein, a series of HSP90 inhibitor-SN38 conjugates through ester and carbamate linkage in the 20-OH and 10-OH positions of SN38 were developed for improving the tumor-specific penetration and accumulation of SN38 via extracellular HSP90 (eHSP90)-mediated endocytosis. Mechanistic analyses confirmed that these novel conjugates could bind to eHSP90 and be selectively internalized into the tumor cells, which led to prolonged tumor regression in multiple models of cancer. Among all studied conjugates, compound 18b showed excellent in vitro activities, including acceptable HSP90α affinity and potent antitumor activity. Moreover, compound 18b exhibited superior antitumor activity and low toxicity in HCT116 and Capan-1 xenograft models. Pharmacokinetic analyses in HCT116 and Capan-1 xenografts further confirmed that compound 18b treatment could lead to effective cleavage and extended SN38 exposure at tumor sites. All these encouraging data indicate that this compound is a promising new candidate for cancer therapy and merits further chemical and biological evaluation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/antagonistas & inibidores , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Irinotecano/síntese química , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Desenho de Fármacos , Células HCT116 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/metabolismo , Humanos , Irinotecano/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
10.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(3): 450-456, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of pulmonary metastases on chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). METHODS: All patients diagnosed with LAPC in a single tertiary center (Erasmus MC) between October 2011 and December 2017 were reviewed. The staging chest CT scan and follow-up chest CT scans were evaluated. Pulmonary nodules were divided into three categories: apparent benign, too small to characterize, and apparent malignant. RESULTS: In 124 consecutive patients diagnosed with LAPC, 119 (96%) patients underwent a staging chest CT scan at the initial presentation. In 88 (74%) patients no pulmonary nodules were found; in 16 (13%) patients an apparent benign pulmonary nodule was found, and in 15 (13%) patients a pulmonary nodule too small to characterize was found. Follow-up chest CT scan(s) were performed in 111 (93%) patients. In one patient with either no pulmonary nodule or an apparent benign pulmonary nodule at initial staging, an apparent malignant pulmonary nodule was found on a follow-up chest CT scan. However, a biopsy of the nodule was inconclusive. Of 15 patients in whom a pulmonary nodule too small to characterize was found at staging, 12 (80%) patients underwent a follow-up CT scan; in 4 (33%) of these patients, an apparent malignant pulmonary nodule was found. CONCLUSION: In patients with LAPC in whom at diagnosis a chest CT scan revealed either no pulmonary nodules or apparent benign pulmonary nodules, routine follow-up chest CT scans is not recommended. Patients with pulmonary nodules too small to characterize are at risk to develop apparent malignant pulmonary nodules during follow-up.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/secundário , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Idoso , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/tratamento farmacológico , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/radioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Nat Med ; 26(6): 878-885, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451495

RESUMO

Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) inhibitors have limited effect in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), underscoring the need to co-target alternative pathways. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) blockade promotes T cell tumor infiltration and is synergistic with anti-PD-1 therapy in PDAC mouse models. We conducted a phase IIa, open-label, two-cohort study to assess the safety, efficacy and immunobiological effects of the CXCR4 antagonist BL-8040 (motixafortide) with pembrolizumab and chemotherapy in metastatic PDAC (NCT02826486). The primary outcome was objective response rate (ORR). Secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS), disease control rate (DCR) and safety. In cohort 1, 37 patients with chemotherapy-resistant disease received BL-8040 and pembrolizumab. The DCR was 34.5% in the evaluable population (modified intention to treat, mITT; N = 29), including nine patients (31%) with stable disease and one patient (3.4%) with partial response. Median OS (mOS) was 3.3 months in the ITT population. Notably, in patients receiving study drugs as second-line therapy, the mOS was 7.5 months. BL-8040 increased CD8+ effector T cell tumor infiltration, decreased myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and further decreased circulating regulatory T cells. In cohort 2, 22 patients received BL-8040 and pembrolizumab with chemotherapy, with an ORR, DCR and median duration of response of 32%, 77% and 7.8 months, respectively. These data suggest that combined CXCR4 and PD-1 blockade may expand the benefit of chemotherapy in PDAC and warrants confirmation in subsequent randomized trials.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/secundário , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Supressoras Mieloides/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Receptores CXCR4/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/secundário , Taxa de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Oncology ; 98(9): 630-636, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nivolumab is recommended as a third-line treatment in patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. Although recent studies have demonstrated the prognostic impact of salvage chemotherapy after immune checkpoint inhibitors in several malignancies, its clinical significance remains unclear in patients with gastric cancer. This study aimed to investigate tumor response to subsequent chemotherapy after nivolumab in patients with advanced gastric cancer and assess the prognostic effect of salvage chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 31 patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent gastric cancer receiving nivolumab. RESULTS: Twenty-two and nine patients received nivolumab as third-line and fourth- to sixth-line treatments, respectively. The objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) to nivolumab were 20.0% (4/20) and 55.0% (11/20), respectively. Eleven patients received salvage chemotherapy after nivolumab. The ORR and DCR to salvage chemotherapy were 37.5% (3/8) and 75.0% (6/8), respectively. The median progression-free survival and overall survival following salvage chemotherapy were 285 and 360 days, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary study indicates that nivolumab exposure may enhance subsequent chemosensitivity in patients with advanced gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Nivolumabe/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Pirrolidinas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Timina/administração & dosagem
13.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(6): 832-842, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced or metastatic oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma have poor prognosis and few treatment options after first-line therapy. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of the anti-PD-1 antibody camrelizumab versus investigator's choice of chemotherapy in previously treated patients. METHODS: ESCORT is a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study of patients aged 18 to 75 years with a histological or cytological diagnosis of advanced or metastatic oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma done at 43 hospitals in China. Eligible patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1, and had progressed on, or were intolerant to, first-line standard therapy. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to camrelizumab (200 mg every 2 weeks) or chemotherapy with docetaxel (75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks) or irinotecan (180 mg/m2 every 2 weeks), all given intravenously. Central randomisation was done using the Randomization and Trial Supply Management system with block size randomly generated as four or six and stratified by disease and ECOG performance status. The primary endpoint was overall survival, assessed in randomised patients who had received at least one dose of treatment. Safety was assessed in all treated patients. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03099382, and is closed to new participants. FINDINGS: From May 10, 2017, to July 24, 2018, 457 (75%) of 607 screened patients were randomly assigned to treatment, of whom 228 received camrelizumab treatment and 220 received chemotherapy. As of data cutoff on May 6, 2019, with a median follow-up time of 8·3 months (IQR 4·1-12·8) in the camrelizumab group and 6·2 months (3·6-10·1) in the chemotherapy group, median overall survival was 8·3 months (95% CI 6·8-9·7) in the camrelizumab group and 6·2 months (5·7-6·9) in the chemotherapy group (hazard ratio 0·71 [95% CI 0·57-0·87]; two-sided p=0·0010). The most common treatment-related adverse events of grade 3 or worse were anaemia (camrelizumab vs chemotherapy: six [3%] vs 11 [5%]), abnormal hepatic function (four [2%] vs one [<1%]), and diarrhoea (three [1%] vs nine [4%]). Serious treatment-related adverse events occurred in 37 (16%) of 228 patients in the camrelizumab group, and in 32 (15%) of 220 patients in the chemotherapy group. Ten treatment-related deaths occurred, seven (3%) in the camrelizumab group (three deaths from unknown causes, one enterocolitis, one hepatic function abnormal, one pneumonitis, and one myocarditis) and three (1%) in the chemotherapy group (two deaths from unknown causes, and one gastrointestinal haemorrhage). INTERPRETATION: Second-line camrelizumab significantly improved overall survival in patients with advanced or metastatic oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma compared with chemotherapy, with a manageable safety profile. It might represent a potential option of standard second-line treatment for patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in China. FUNDING: Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , China , Progressão da Doença , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(5): 305-310, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) is a lethal, uncommon, and understudied neoplasm. We present the efficacy and safety of first-line capecitabine (CP), oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and bevacizumab (CAPOXIRI-BEV) combination followed by pazopanib plus CP maintenance therapy in patients with advanced high-grade poorly differentiated gastrointestinal NEC. METHODS: This was a two-stage phase II study conducted at multiple institutions. Patients were consecutively enrolled and had advanced NEC of the colon or small bowel. Patients received irinotecan 125 mg/m, oxaliplatin 80 mg/m on day 1, CP 1000 mg/m twice daily on days 1 to 14, plus bevacizumab 8 mg/kg on day 1 for six 21-day cycles. Maintenance therapy was given to those who responded (complete response/partial response) or had stable disease after 6 cycles with CAPOXIRI-BEV with pazopanib 800 mg daily plus CP 1600 mg/m daily on days 1 to 14 every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who progressed on CAPOXIRI-BEV received standard etoposide-carboplatin. The primary endpoint was overall response rate. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were enrolled of whom 19 were evaluable. The median age was 60 years. The overall response rate (3 complete response/6 partial response) was 47.4% (95% confidence interval: 29.5-76.1), the overall disease control rate was 78.9% (95% confidence interval: 62.6-99.6), and, at median 30 (11 to 41 mo) months' follow-up, 5 patients (26.3%) were still alive. Median progression-free survival was 13 months, and the 1-year progression-free survival rate was 52.6%. The median overall survival was 29 months. The median overall survival of the 9 patients who responded versus those with stable disease/progressive disease was 30.5 versus 14 months, respectively. The median duration of response was 16 months. Predictable toxicity was observed. CONCLUSIONS: First-line CAPOXIRI-BEV followed by pazopanib plus CP maintenance therapy for advanced NEC demonstrates promising efficacy and predictable toxicity. Further investigation is warranted.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/mortalidade , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/mortalidade , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos
15.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(7): 1285-1290, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluorouracil and leucovorin combined with oxaliplatin or irinotecan plus bevacizumab (Bmab) or cetuximab (Cmab) are now widely accepted treatment options as first-line or second-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Sequential chemotherapy with oral 5-FU backbone for mCRC without using central venous ports is beneficial for both patients and physicians. We designed the SOBIC trial to validate the effectiveness of the first- and second-line oral combination chemotherapy for mCRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2010 through March 2013, 52 patients were enrolled from 47 institutions in the Hyogo Colorectal Cancer Surgery Group. First-line chemotherapy was S-1 + oxaliplatin (SOX) plus Bmab, and second-line chemotherapy after first-line failure was irinotecan + S-1 (IRIS) + Cmab, IRIS + Bmab, or IRIS based on the KRAS status. RESULTS: The 50 finally included patients received first-line chemotherapy. Second-line therapy was administered to 20 patients (40%): 12 patients received IRIS + Cmab and 8 patients received IRIS + Bmab. The median follow-up period was 48.6 months (range 35-67 months). The median second progression-free survival was 24.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 17.7-35.2). The response rate after first- and second-line chemotherapy was 46.7% and 15%, respectively. The median overall survival was 35.2 months (95% CI: 27.8 to not reached). The main grade 3-4 adverse events were sensory neuropathy (18%) and fatigue (10%). There were no treatment-related deaths. CONCLUSION: Sequential S-1-based combination regimens including oxaliplatin, irinotecan, Bmab, and Cmab were beneficial for patients with mCRC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
In Vivo ; 34(2): 683-686, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111770

RESUMO

AIM: to assess efficacy and safety of chemoembolization alone (TACE) and followed by bevacizumab (TACE-B) in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRC-LM) (NCT03732235). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 30 consecutive patients with CRC-LM. They were informed about the types of treatment available: TACE with irinotecan loaded into polythylene glycol embolics alone or followed by bevacizumab therapy. Each patient underwent self-randomization and 17 chose TACE, whereas 13 chose TACE-B. RESULTS: Tumor response at 3 months was complete response in one (6%) and four (31%) patients, and partial response in two (13%) and six (46%) patients, after TACE and TACE-B, respectively. No complications were observed during TACE. Most TACE-related adverse events were correlated with post-embolic syndrome. CONCLUSION: The preliminary results of the study showed that the TACE-B is feasible and tolerable. This study will be continued in order accrue a larger number of patients and longer follow-up.


Assuntos
Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Oncology ; 98(5): 289-294, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097933

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Advanced unresectable gastroesophageal cancers continue to confer a dismal patient prognosis. Limited options remain once the cancer is refractory to cytotoxics/biologics (like irinotecan, taxane, and ramucirumab). Recently, anti-programmed death-1 (anti-PD-1) inhibitors have been used with limited efficacy in select patients with adenocarcinoma. Similarly, irinotecan-based therapy has marginal efficacy. We combined irinotecan plus a fluoropyrimidine with an anti-PD-1 antibody, nivolumab, with hopes of having a higher advantage for patients. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective was to assess safety judged by toxicities, dose delays, or dose reductions. Secondary endpoints included the assessment of response, overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS). METHODS: We treated 15 patients with this combination during July 2017 to April 2019. Patients were included if they had follow-up at our institution. RESULTS: Median doses given were nivolumab 240 mg + irinotecan 120 mg/m2 + 5-FU 2,000 mg/m2 over 46-48 h (or capecitabine 1,250 mg/m2/day; 7 days on, 7 days off) given every 2 weeks. Median age of the patients was 55 years, and all patients had an ECOG performance status of 0-1. The patients had a median of 1 prior therapy. Slightly over half of the patients had PD-L1 expression. The median number of cycles was 7. Five patients (33%) had a dose delay or dose adjustment. The most common reason for dose delay or adjustment was grade 2 fatigue. Disease control (response or stability) on first scan was 73.3% (n = 11). Median PFS and OS for the entire group was 7 and 13.3 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this small cohort of patients, we conclude that this combination is quite feasible and resulted in prolonged stability in some patients. Further development of this regimen is warranted.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 131, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent cancer in China but few large-scale studies were conducted to understand CRC patients. The current study is aimed to gain a real-world perspectives of CRC patients in China. METHODS: Using electronic medical records of sampled patients between 2011 and 2016 from 12 hospitals in China, a retrospective cohort study was conducted to describe demographics and disease prognosis of CRC patients, and examine treatment sequences among metastatic CRC (mCRC) patients. Descriptive, comparative and survival analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Among mCRC patients (3878/8136, 48%), the fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) and other oxaliplatin-based regimens were the most widely-used first-line treatment (42%). Fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan (FOLFIRI) and other irinotecan-based regimens dominated the second-line (40%). There was no a dominated regimen for the third-line. The proportion of patients receiving chemotherapy with targeted biologics increased from less than 20% for the first- and second- lines to 34% for the third-line (p < 0.001). The most common sequence from first- to second-line was from FOLFOX and other oxaliplatin-based regimens to FOLFIRI and other irinotecan-based regimens (286/1200, 24%). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reflected a lack of consensus on the choice of third-line therapy and limited available options in China. It is evident o continue promoting early CRC diagnosis and to increase the accessibility of treatment options for mCRC patients. As the only nationwide large-scale study among CRC and mCRC patients before more biologics became available in China, our results can also be used as the baseline to assess treatment pattern changes before and after more third-line treatment were approved and covered into the National Health Insurance Plan in China between 2017 and 2018.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(3): 398-411, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interim analysis of the multicentre New EPOC trial in patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis showed a significant reduction in progression-free survival in patients allocated to cetuximab plus chemotherapy compared with those given chemotherapy alone. The focus of the present analysis was to assess the effect on overall survival. METHODS: New EPOC was a multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial. Adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with KRAS wild-type (codons 12, 13, and 61) resectable or suboptimally resectable colorectal liver metastases and a WHO performance status of 0-2 were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive chemotherapy with or without cetuximab before and after liver resection. Randomisation was done centrally with minimisation factors of surgical centre, poor prognosis cancer, and previous adjuvant treatment with oxaliplatin. Chemotherapy consisted of oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 2 h, l-folinic acid (175 mg flat dose administered intravenously over 2 h) or d,l-folinic acid (350 mg flat dose administered intravenously over 2 h), and fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 5 min, followed by a 46 h infusion of fluorouracil 2400 mg/m2 repeated every 2 weeks (regimen one), or oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 administered intravenously over 2 h and oral capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1-14 repeated every 3 weeks (regimen two). Patients who had received adjuvant oxaliplatin could receive irinotecan 180 mg/m2 intravenously over 30 min with fluorouracil instead of oxaliplatin (regimen three). Cetuximab was given intravenously, 500 mg/m2 every 2 weeks with regimen one and three or a loading dose of 400 mg/m2 followed by a weekly infusion of 250 mg/m2 with regimen two. The primary endpoint of progression-free survival was published previously. Secondary endpoints were overall survival, preoperative response, pathological resection status, and safety. Trial recruitment was halted prematurely on the advice of the Trial Steering Committee on Nov 1, 2012. All analyses (except safety) were done on the intention-to-treat population. Safety analyses included all randomly assigned patients. This trial is registered with ISRCTN, number 22944367. FINDINGS: Between Feb 26, 2007, and Oct 12, 2012, 257 eligible patients were randomly assigned to chemotherapy with cetuximab (n=129) or without cetuximab (n=128). This analysis was carried out 5 years after the last patient was recruited, as defined in the protocol, at a median follow-up of 66·7 months (IQR 58·0-77·5). Median progression-free survival was 22·2 months (95% CI 18·3-26·8) in the chemotherapy alone group and 15·5 months (13·8-19·0) in the chemotherapy plus cetuximab group (hazard ratio [HR] 1·17, 95% CI 0·87-1·56; p=0·304). Median overall survival was 81·0 months (59·6 to not reached) in the chemotherapy alone group and 55·4 months (43·5-71·5) in the chemotherapy plus cetuximab group (HR 1·45, 1·02-2·05; p=0·036). There was no significant difference in the secondary outcomes of preoperative response or pathological resection status between groups. Five deaths might have been treatment-related (one in the chemotherapy alone group and four in the chemotherapy plus cetuximab group). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events reported were: neutrophil count decreased (26 [19%] of 134 in the chemotherapy alone group vs 21 [15%] of 137 in the chemotherapy plus cetuximab group), diarrhoea (13 [10%] vs 14 [10%]), skin rash (one [1%] vs 22 [16%]), thromboembolic events (ten [7%] vs 11 [8%]), lethargy (ten [7%] vs nine [7%]), oral mucositis (three [2%] vs 14 [10%]), vomiting (seven [5%] vs seven [5%]), peripheral neuropathy (eight [6%] vs five [4%]), and pain (six [4%] vs six [4%]). INTERPRETATION: Although the addition of cetuximab to chemotherapy improves the overall survival in some studies in patients with advanced, inoperable metastatic disease, its use in the perioperative setting in patients with operable disease confers a significant disadvantage in terms of overall survival. Cetuximab should not be used in this setting. FUNDING: Cancer Research UK.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Cetuximab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 43(6): 866-874, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103303

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical effects of bead size in irinotecan-loaded beads chemoembolization (DEBIRI) used for treating liver-dominant colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2009 and January 2018, all consecutive patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases referred for DEBIRI at our tertiary center were included in an observational study. Patients were treated exclusively with either 100-mg irinotecan-loaded DC beads of 70-150 µm (small bead group or SB) or 100-300 µm (large bead group or LB) in diameter, in addition to systemic therapy. Liver tumor response rate at 3 months, liver and overall progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were estimated. RESULTS: In total, 84 patients with liver-dominant progressive disease underwent 232 DEBIRI sessions. Fifty-four patients were treated in the SB group and 30 patients in the LB group. Liver progression-free rates at 3 months were 86.7% for the LB group and 79.6% for the SB group (NS). Median liver-PFS and overall PFS were, respectively, 7.15 months and 7.15 months for the LB group and 7.65 and 7.55 months for the SB group (NS). Median overall survival was 13.04 months for the LB group and 15.59 months for the SB group (p = 0.04). Specific treatment grade 3 + 4 toxicity occurrence was 5 (17%) in the LB group and 20 (37%) in the SB group. CONCLUSION: No significant difference in patient outcome was observed between DEBIRI bead sizes of 70-150 µm and 100-300 µm. A trend toward higher treatment-specific toxicity was observed with the smaller beads.


Assuntos
Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Irinotecano/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
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