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1.
J Sports Sci ; 38(2): 187-191, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783721

RESUMO

The popularity of pre-workout supplements is rising amongst professional athletes and fitness enthusiasts. Despite increased usage, the safety profile of pre-workout supplements is likely to be not well understood. Additionally, many different brands use various undisclosed proprietary blends of active ingredients creating safety regulation difficulties. This lack of oversight could prove unsafe for certain patients. This patient MK is a 33-year-old healthy housewife who presented with central chest tightness, pre-syncope and mild dyspnoea to the emergency department via ambulance. The presentation was in the context of recent strenuous exercise and ingestion of a pre-workout supplement (Alpha Lean-7). Most striking in her presentation was a troponin rise of 50 ng/L, while not very high it is unusual given her lack of cardiac risk factors. She had a 3-day uneventful admission with a downtrending troponin prior to discharge. This case highlights the possible dangers of pharmacologically active ingredients in pre-workout supplements.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Corrida/fisiologia , Adulto , Cafeína/efeitos adversos , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos adversos , Dispneia/etiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Síncope/etiologia , Troponina/sangue
3.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1238-1244, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735779

RESUMO

Recent clinical studies revealed that anatomical information assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) may be used effectively to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a physiological assessment, demonstrating myocardial ischemia, is required to justify a therapeutic strategy for CAD. This study aimed to investigate whether using CTA to assess myocardial supply area can improve the prediction of myocardial ischemia.We analyzed 201 vessels with moderate (luminal narrowing ≥ 50%, < 70%) and severe (luminal narrowing ≥ 70%, < 99%) stenosis on CTA from 174 patients, who were suspected of having stable angina and underwent measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR). The myocardial area supplied by the coronary artery, distal to the stenosis, was evaluated with CTA, as reported previously (modified Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart score) and was classified into 3 groups (large, medium, and small).Both percentage area stenosis and myocardial supply area were significantly correlated with FFR (r = -0.46, P < 0.01, and r = -0.45, P < 0.01). Among patients who had coronary plaques, with moderate stenosis and a small myocardial supply area, only 3 of 42 lesions (7%) were identified as ischemic; deviation from the ischemic threshold (FFR = 0.80) was P < 0.01. The combined assessment of lesion stenosis and myocardial supply area, using CTA, improved the prediction of myocardial ischemia significantly compared to lesion stenosis alone (77% versus 59%, P < 0.01).Adding the assessment of myocardial supply area to standard CTA might help predict myocardial ischemia in patients with stable angina pectoris.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 27(Special Issue): 671-676, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747160

RESUMO

Authors present is comprehensive clinical and instrumental evaluation of patients with HCM with myocardial ischemia. 104 patients (38.4% of men) with HCM were examined, mean age 58.2±14.7. The examination included risk factors assessment for CAD, ECG, Echo, stress ECG test, 24-hour ECG monitoring. In the presence of myocardial ischemia, CAG (n=66) and MSCT of the coronary arteries (CA) (n=4) were performed. All patients were split up on 2 groups: I - 70 HCM patients with myocardial ischemia, 67.3%, and II (the control group) - 34 HCM patients without myocardial ischemia, 32.7%. The group I was divided on 2 subgroups: 1 - 29 patients with coronary atherosclerosis (41.4%), 2 - 41 patient without coronary atherosclerosis (58.6%). Age (p=0.046), family history (p=0.037), higher systolic and diastolic arterial pressure, long-term arterial hypertension (p<0.05) were determined as significant risk factors for CAD. Smaller diameter of LAD (p=0.008), higher LV mass index, greater LV diastolic function disorder (p<0.05) were detected in group 2 compared to group II. The decrease in myocardial perfusion (MBG scale) was associated with high LV mass index and cardiac arrhythmias. The frequency of concomitant coronary atherosclerosis among HCM patients with myocardial ischemia was determined as 41.4%. Analysis of traditional risk factors for CAD in patients with HCM revealed the strong relation to age, aggravated by a family history of CAD, blood pressure level and duration of hypertension. Smaller diameter of LAD, higher LV mass index, greater LV diastolic function disorder were observed in HCM patients with myocardial ischemia without CAD.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Isquemia Miocárdica , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Diástole , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia
5.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 27, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762895

RESUMO

The occurrence of myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction in pregnancy is relatively rare, the occurrence of myocardial infarction in pregnancy is associated with cardiovascular risk factors. The deficiency of coagulation regulatory systems in the occurrence of venous thrombosis is well established; however, their role in arterial thrombosis is controversial. Here, we present an interesting case of a 34-year-old of acute myocardial syndrome without persistent ST segment elevation, which revealed transient protein S deficiency. Management of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) during pregnancy may represent a unique clinical challenge. In this manuscript, we review the clinical presentation, anatomic considerations, and management strategy in our patient presenting with ACS. Objective: this case highlights the importance of multimodality approach to help to obtain a more timely diagnosis of myocardial infarction in pregnancy and the importance collaboration between obstetricians, cardiologists, pediatricians and anesthesiologists to ensure optimal care.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Proteína S/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Gravidez
6.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1465, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide and causes a tremendous disease burden. Temperature is an important environmental determinant among the many risk factors for IHD. However, the emerging temperature-related health risks of IHD in the elderly is limited because of the lack of estimates that integrate global warming and demographic change. METHODS: Data on daily IHD deaths in the elderly aged ≥65 years and meteorological conditions were collected in Tianjin, a megacity of China, from 2006 to 2011. First, the baseline relationship between the temperature and years of life lost (YLL) from IHD was established. Then, future assessments were performed in combination with temperature projections for 19 global-scale climate models (GCMs) under 3 representative concentration pathways (RCPs) for the 2050s and 2070s. RESULTS: Increased YLL from IHD in the elderly was found to be associated with future ambient temperatures. The annual temperature-related YLL from IHD in the 2050s and 2070s were higher than the baseline. For instance, increases of 4.5, 14.9 and 38.3% were found under the RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, respectively, in the 2070s. The most significant increases occurred in warm season months. The increase in heat-related YLL will not be completely offset, even with the 25% adaptation assumed. When considering demographic change, the temperature-related disease burden of IHD in the elderly will be exacerbated by 158.4 to 196.6% under 3 RCPs in the 2050s and 2070s relative to the baseline. CONCLUSIONS: These findings have significant meaning for environmental and public health policy making and interventions towards the important issue of the health impacts of global warming on the elderly.


Assuntos
Previsões , Aquecimento Global , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Adaptação Fisiológica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Clima , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Temperatura Ambiente
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1152-1157, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683404

RESUMO

Objective: Using Meta-analysis to evaluate the association between the short-term exposure to fine particular matter (PM(2.5)) and the morbidity of ischemic heart disease (IHD). Methods: In this paper, "particulate matter" , "PM2.5" , "ischemic heart disease" , "coronary heart disease" , "coronary artery disease" , "atherosclerotic heart disease" , and "atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease" were used to systematically search for the literature on the association between the short-term exposure to PM(2.5) and the ischemic heart disease through China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, Vip as well as Pubmed and Web of Science. The time was up to January 31(st) 2019. The quality of literature was evaluated by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Meta-analysis method was performed by using R3.5.0 software and was used to perform heterogeneity test, calculate combined risk of IHD with short-term exposure to PM(2.5) and carry out publication bias test. Results: A total of 1 424 literatures were retrieved. Of the 23 literatures included studies (2 literatures in Chinese and 21 literatures in English) according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 14 used a time-series design and 9 used a case-crossover design. The heterogeneity existed across all identified studies (I(2)=81%, P<0.05). The Random effect model showed that a 10 µg/m(3) increase in PM(2.5) was associated with estimated relative risk of IHD morbidity at 1.007 (95%CI: 1.005-1.009); Publication bias was noted in the analysis (t=2.76, P<0.05), and the combined effect values of IHD morbidity was reduced to 1.005(95%CI: 1.004-1.007) after adjusting for asymmetry. Conclusion: Short-term exposure to PM(2.5) may lead to the increase of ischemic heart disease morbidity.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Morbidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Material Particulado/análise , Risco
8.
Transplant Proc ; 51(9): 3174-3177, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619345

RESUMO

A 19-year-old Asian woman presented to the emergency department with ventricular fibrillation. Emergent coronary angiography revealed a 99% ostial stenosis of the left main coronary trunk, and percutaneous coronary intervention was performed. Takayasu arteritis was suspected, but fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scanning showed no active inflammation. Cardiac function was affected by ischemic cardiomyopathy, and an extracorporeal left ventricular assisted device was implanted under INTERMACS profile 1 status. Histopathology of the ascending aortic wall at the outflow anastomosis site showed no significant sign of Takayasu arteritis. The absence of systemic inflammation led to the replacement of the extracorporeal left ventricular assisted device with a Jervik 2000 as a bridge to transplant. An orthotropic heart transplant took place after a 39-month wait. Histopathology of the explanted heart revealed intimal and adventitial thickening with destruction of the elastic lamina localized at the sinus of Valsalva. Our final pathologic diagnosis was localized Takayasu arteritis. To counter the increased risk of stenosis or pseudoaneurysm formation at the vascular anastomosis site, anti-inflammatory therapy was essential in Takayasu arteritis. The post-heart transplant immunosuppression regime was considered stronger than that for Takayasu arteritis, and we therefore administered prednisolone, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus as standard protocol. There have been no signs of either relapse or rejection of transplantation for over 1 year. Further closed observation is required to clarify the long-term outcome of this rare condition with regard to heart transplantation.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração , Seio Aórtico/patologia , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Arterite de Takayasu/patologia , Feminino , Coração Auxiliar , Humanos , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Presse Med ; 48(9): 948-955, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564551

RESUMO

GCA ischemic complications occur generally in patients with a yet undiagnosed or uncontrolled disease. When disease control is fair, ischemic complications may be due mostly to atheromatosis. Ophtalmic complications are most frequent and are dominated by anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Vasculitic strokes occur essentially in the vertebrobasilar arterial territory. Overt vasculitic coronary disease is exceptional. The diagnosis of upper and lower limbs ischemic complications benefit from advances in echography (halo sign) and positron emission tomography imaging. Treatment relies on corticosteroids (initially 1mg/kg prednisone or more, preceded by intravenous methylprednisolone gigadoses if necessary), the control of cardiovascular risk factors and antiplatelet drugs; heparin may be indicated for threatening limbs ischemia.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes/complicações , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Aterosclerose/complicações , Humanos , Isquemia/terapia , Miocardite/etiologia , Pericardite , Doença Arterial Periférica/etiologia
10.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 932019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Of the 607 fatal work accidents produced in Spain in 2016, 37.9% were due to ischemic heart disease and cerebral stroke. Working conditions such as night work, noise or respiratory pollutants are associated with higher cardiovascular incidence. The objective of the present study was to assess whether health surveillance in workers exposed to these conditions should include the assessment of cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 680 workers in a public administration. The working conditions were obtained from the business risk assessment and the personal data that allowed the cardiovascular risk assessment, from the medical examination carried out in 2015. For the statistical analysis, Chi-square test (prevalence comparison) and Student's T test or Mann Whitney U test (means comparison), were applied. RESULTS: Exposed was 30.1%, showing significant differences by sex (37% men, 11.9% women, p<0.05). According to REGICOR, 13.2% of those exposed were particularly susceptible to cardiovascular risk. CONCLUSIONS: A large percentage of workers were exposed to CT related to a higher prevalence of cardiovascular pathology. The percentage of workers qualified as especially sensitive to cardiovascular risk among those exposed suggests that it should be assessed in the monitoring of occupational health when there are working conditions related to cardiovascular pathology.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMJ ; 366: l4897, 2019 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of vegetarianism with risks of ischaemic heart disease and stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The EPIC-Oxford study, a cohort in the United Kingdom with a large proportion of non-meat eaters, recruited across the country between 1993 and 2001. PARTICIPANTS: 48 188 participants with no history of ischaemic heart disease, stroke, or angina (or cardiovascular disease) were classified into three distinct diet groups: meat eaters (participants who consumed meat, regardless of whether they consumed fish, dairy, or eggs; n=24 428), fish eaters (consumed fish but no meat; n=7506), and vegetarians including vegans (n=16 254), based on dietary information collected at baseline, and subsequently around 2010 (n=28 364). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident cases of ischaemic heart disease and stroke (including ischaemic and haemorrhagic types) identified through record linkage until 2016. RESULTS: Over 18.1 years of follow-up, 2820 cases of ischaemic heart disease and 1072 cases of total stroke (519 ischaemic stroke and 300 haemorrhagic stroke) were recorded. After adjusting for sociodemographic and lifestyle confounders, fish eaters and vegetarians had 13% (hazard ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.77 to 0.99) and 22% (0.78, 0.70 to 0.87) lower rates of ischaemic heart disease than meat eaters, respectively (P<0.001 for heterogeneity). This difference was equivalent to 10 fewer cases of ischaemic heart disease (95% confidence interval 6.7 to 13.1 fewer) in vegetarians than in meat eaters per 1000 population over 10 years. The associations for ischaemic heart disease were partly attenuated after adjustment for self reported high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and body mass index (hazard ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.00 in vegetarians with all adjustments). By contrast, vegetarians had 20% higher rates of total stroke (hazard ratio 1.20, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.40) than meat eaters, equivalent to three more cases of total stroke (95% confidence interval 0.8 to 5.4 more) per 1000 population over 10 years, mostly due to a higher rate of haemorrhagic stroke. The associations for stroke did not attenuate after further adjustment of disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective cohort in the UK, fish eaters and vegetarians had lower rates of ischaemic heart disease than meat eaters, although vegetarians had higher rates of haemorrhagic and total stroke.


Assuntos
Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Carne/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , Peixes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Alimentos Marinhos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Vegetarianos/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Biol Sex Differ ; 10(1): 35, 2019 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress is an important contributor to myocardial ischemia and the progression of coronary artery disease (CAD), and women are more susceptible than men to these effects. Little is known, however, about the neural basis of these sex differences. METHODS: We investigated sex differences in neural correlates of mental stress in a sample of 53 female and 112 male participants (N = 165) with CAD, with and without mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSI), during exposure to mental arithmetic tasks and public speaking stress tasks using high-resolution positron emission tomography (HR-PET) and radiolabeled water imaging of the brain. RESULTS: Women compared to men had significantly greater activation with stress in the right frontal (BA 9, 44), right parietal lobe (Area 3, 6, 40), right posterior cingulate gyrus (BA 31), bilateral cerebellum, and left temporal/fusiform gyrus (BA 37) and greater deactivation in bilateral anterior cingulate gyrus (BA 24, 32), bilateral medial frontal gyrus (BA 6, 8, 9, 10), right parahippocampal gyrus, and right middle temporal gyrus (BA 21). Women with MSI (but not those without MSI) showed significantly greater activation than men in the right posterior cingulate gyrus (BA 31) and greater deactivation in several frontal and temporal lobe areas. CONCLUSION: Men and women with CAD show differences in responses to stress in brain limbic areas that regulate emotion, and these functional responses differ by MSI status. Our results suggest that the cingulate gyrus may be involved in sex differences in MSI.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Eur J Radiol ; 116: 90-97, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153580

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of coronary computed tomography angiography derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) with invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with coronary artery disease" before "with invasive fractional flow reserve serving as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT-FFR values based on a machine learning algorithm (cFFRML) in 183 vessels of 136 patients from four centers were measured with invasive FFR as reference standard. The diagnostic performance from our multicenter study was combined into a meta-analysis following a literature search in Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane library to identify studies comparing diagnostic performance of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and CT-FFR. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy were analyzed on both per-vessel and per-patient basis for intermediate lesions and by algorithm. RESULTS: Our multicenter study demonstrated sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies of cFFRML and CCTA of 0.85, 0.94, 0.90, and 0.95, 0.28, 0.55 on a per-vessel basis, respectively. For our meta-analysis, pooled sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies of CT-FFR and CCTA were 0.85, 0.82, 0.82, and 0.85, 0.57, 0.65 with AUC of 0.86 (95%CI: 0.83˜0.89) and 0.83 (95%CI: 0.79˜0.86) on a per-vessel basis, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for intermediate lesions using cFFRML were 0.84, 0.92, and 0.89. No significant difference was found among different algorithms of CT-FFR (P < 0.001). CONSLUSION: This multicenter study with meta-analysis showed that CT-FFR had a high diagnostic accuracy in determining ischemia-specific lesions and intermediate lesions. There was no significant difference when comparing the combined diagnostic performance of different algorithms of CT-FFR with invasive FFR as the reference standard.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Algoritmos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
BMC Public Health ; 19(Suppl 4): 545, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) specific for women are less well studied. However, knowing the risk factors of IHD for women will empower women themselves to be better informed and thus can help them in decision making concerning their health condition. The objective of this study is to explore the commonly studied risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) among a group of Malaysian women. METHODS: A case control study was conducted among 142 newly diagnosed IHD women patients registered in government hospitals in Terengganu, Malaysia and their 1:1 frequency matched population controls. Data on sociodemographic and socioeconomic profile, co-morbidities, lifestyle factors related to physical activities, dietary fat intake, stress, passive smoking history, anthropometric measurements and biochemical markers were obtained. RESULTS: Middle aged women were recruited with women diagnosed with diabetes (aOR = 1.92, 95% CI: 1.11-3.31), having low HDL-C (aOR = 3.30, 95% CI: 1.28-8.27), those with positive family history of IHD (aOR = 1.92, 95% CI:1.13-3.26) and passive smokers (aOR = 2.99, 95% CI:1.81-4.94) were at higher odds of IHD. CONCLUSIONS: The findings are useful for public health interventions and policy making focusing on specific women population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Malásia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/etnologia , Medição de Risco/etnologia , Fatores de Risco
16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(12): 1390-1399, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is closely associated with adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and we aimed to determine whether biomarkers and blood pressure could be potential predictors of MSIMI. METHODS: This study enrolled 82 patients with documented CAD between June 1, 2017 and November 9, 2017. Patient blood samples were obtained at resting period and at the end of mental arithmetic. Then, patients were assigned to MSIMI positive group and MSIMI negative group. The main statistical methods included linear regression, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression. RESULTS: Patients with CAD with MSIMI had significantly greater median resting N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, 141.02 [45.85-202.76] pg/mL vs. 57.95 [27.06-117.64] pg/mL; Z = -2.23, P = 0.03) and mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) (145.56 ±â€Š16.87 mmHg vs. 134.92 ±â€Š18.16 mmHg, Z = -2.13, P = 0.04) when compared with those without MSIMI. After 5-min mental stress task, those who developed MSIMI presented higher elevation of median post-stressor high sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI, 0.020 [0.009-0.100] ng/mL vs. 0.009 [0.009-0.010] ng/mL; Z = -2.45, P = 0.01), post-stressor NT-proBNP (138.96 [39.93-201.56] pg/mL vs. 61.55 [25.66-86.50] pg/mL; Z = -2.15, P = 0.03) compared with those without MSIMI. Using the ROC curves, and after the adjustment for basic characteristics, the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients presenting a post-stressor hs-cTnI ≥ 0.015 ng/mL had seven-fold increase in the risk of developing MSIMI (odds ratio [OR]: 7.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.65-30.48; P = 0.009), a rest NT-proBNP ≥ 80.51 pg/mL had nearly eight-fold increase (OR: 7.85; 95% CI: 1.51-40.82; P = 0.014), a post-stressor NT-proBNP ≥ 98.80 pg/mL had 35-fold increase (OR: 34.96; 95% CI: 3.72-328.50; P = 0.002), a rest SBP ≥ 129.50 mmHg had 11-fold increase (OR: 11.42; 95% CI: 1.21-108.17; P = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that CAD patients with higher hs-cTnI level, and/or greater NT-proBNP and/or SBP are at higher risk of suffering from MSIMI when compared with those without MSIMI, indicating that hs-cTnI, NT-proBNP, SBP might be potential predictors of MSIMI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Idoso , Ansiedade/sangue , Ansiedade/complicações , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Depressão/sangue , Depressão/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Razão de Chances , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(5)2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092493

RESUMO

Oesophageal balloon tamponade tubes are a rare cause of ST-segment elevation (STE), thought to result from extrinsic compression of coronary arteries. This case describes STE following the use of a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube (SBT) under traction for management of bleeding oesophageal varices during orthotopic liver transplantation. This case is the first to report a significant troponin rise with STE indicative of myocardial injury following the use of SBT. Interestingly, we found that releasing traction from the SBT resulted in resolution of STE within minutes, suggesting that SBT traction may reversibly impede coronary perfusion. We recommend vigilant monitoring of patients following SBT insertion and for clinicians to consider that SBT traction may impair coronary perfusion and result in myocardial injury in patients without pre-existing coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/terapia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Drenagem , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 137(1): 60-65, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to some air pollutants is associated with cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of exposure to fine particulate matter in hospitalizations due to ischemic heart disease and the costs to the healthcare system. DESIGN AND SETTING: Time-series ecological study conducted in Taubaté, Brazil. METHODS: Data on hospitalizations due to ischemic heart diseases (ICD I-20 to I-24) in the municipality of Taubaté (SP), Brazil, among adults of both sexes aged 40 years and over, from August 2011 to July 2012, were obtained from DATASUS. Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations were estimated from a mathematical model. Poisson regression was used in statistical analyses to estimate the relative risks of exposure to PM2.5 for both sexes and after stratification according to sex. The excess of hospitalizations and consequent excess expenditure for the healthcare system were calculated. RESULTS: There were 1040 admissions, among which 382 had ischemic heart diseases (257 males). Themean PM2.5 concentration was 13.2 µg/m3 (SD = 5.6). Significant effects from exposure were noted 4and 5 days after exposure (lag 4 and lag 5) for both sexes and for male sex; for female sex, the effect was 2 days after exposure (lag 2). There were 59 excess hospitalizations for an increase in PM2.5 concentration of 5 µg/m3 and excess expenditure of US$ 150,000 for the National Health System. CONCLUSIONS: An excess of hospital admissions due to ischemic heart disease, with excess expenditure, was identified consequent to PM2.5 exposure.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Umidade , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Poisson , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Tempo
19.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 87(3): 590-598, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cardiac effects of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) are largely unknown. We hypothesized that increased afterload from REBOA would lead to cardiac injury, and that partial flow using endovascular variable aortic control (EVAC) would mitigate this injury. METHODS: Eighteen anesthetized swine underwent controlled 25% blood volume hemorrhage. Animals were randomized to either Zone 1 REBOA, Zone 1 EVAC, or no intervention (control) for 45 minutes. Animals were then resuscitated with shed blood, observed during critical care, and euthanized after a 6-hour total experimental time. Left ventricular function was measured with a pressure-volume catheter, and blood samples were drawn at routine intervals. RESULTS: The average cardiac output during the intervention period was higher in the REBOA group (9.3 [8.6-15.4] L/min) compared with the EVAC group (7.2 [5.8-8.0] L/min, p = 0.01) and the control group (6.8 [5.8-7.7] L/min, p < 0.01). At the end of the intervention, the preload recruitable stroke work was significantly higher in both the REBOA and EVAC groups compared with the control group (111.2 [102.5-148.6] and 116.7 [116.6-141.4] vs. 67.1 [62.7-87.9], p = 0.02 and p < 0.01, respectively). The higher preload recruitable stroke work was maintained throughout the experiment in the EVAC group, but not in the REBOA group. Serum troponin concentrations after 6 hours were higher in the REBOA group compared with both the EVAC and control groups (6.26 ± 5.35 ng/mL vs 0.92 ± 0.61 ng/mL and 0.65 ± 0.38 ng/mL, p = 0.05 and p = 0.03, respectively). Cardiac intramural hemorrhage was higher in the REBOA group compared with the control group (1.67 ± 0.46 vs. 0.17 ± 0.18, p = 0.03), but not between the EVAC and control groups. CONCLUSION: In a swine model of hemorrhagic shock, complete aortic occlusion resulted in cardiac injury, although there was no direct decrease in cardiac function. EVAC mitigated the cardiac injury and improved cardiac performance during resuscitation and critical care.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Ressuscitação/métodos , Animais , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Suínos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
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