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1.
Drugs Today (Barc) ; 56(9): 599-608, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025953

RESUMO

Ripasudil (K-115) is a novel Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor. The Rho-ROCK pathway regulates key downstream effectors involved in many cellular functions, in particular in the actin cytoskeleton activity. The clinical effects of ripasudil expected on the eye include an intraocular pressure-lowering effect and a wound-healing activity on corneal endothelial cells, but many other functions are currently under investigation. To date, ripasudil has been approved in Japan (2014) for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension, and several clinical trials are currently investigating its role in the treatment of Fuchs' corneal dystrophy. In this review, we will discuss its pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and clinical efficacy, focusing also on its safety and tolerability profile.


Assuntos
Glaucoma/tratamento farmacológico , Isoquinolinas/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão Ocular/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Japão , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores
2.
Plant Genome ; 13(1): e20005, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016626

RESUMO

A genome-wide association study (GWAS) needs to have a suitable population. The factors that affect a GWAS (e.g. population structure, sample size, and sequence analysis and field testing costs) need to be considered. Mixed populations containing subpopulations of different genetic backgrounds may be suitable populations. We conducted simulation experiments to see if a population with high genetic diversity, such as a diversity panel, should be added to a target population, especially when the target population harbors small genetic diversity. The target population was 112 accessions of Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica, mainly developed in Japan. We combined the target population with three populations that had higher genetic diversity. These were 100 indica accessions, 100 japonica accessions, and 100 accessions with various genetic backgrounds. The results showed that the GWAS's power with a mixed population was generally higher than with a separate population. Also, the optimal GWAS populations varied depending on the fixation index (FST ) of the quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) and the polymorphism of QTNs in each population. When a QTN was polymorphic in a target population, a target population combined with a higher diversity population improved the QTN's detection power. By investigating FST and the expected heterozygosity (He ) as factors influencing the detection power, we showed that single nucleotide polymorphisms with high FST or low He are less likely to be detected by GWAS with mixed populations. Sequenced or genotyped germplasm collections can improve the GWAS's detection power by using a subset of the collections with a target population.


Assuntos
Oryza , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Japão , Oryza/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
3.
Trials ; 21(1): 827, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008479

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test our hypothesis that additional administration of traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine, kakkonto (kakkon-to: KT) and shosaikotokakikyosekko (sho-saiko-to-ka-kikyo-sekko: SSKKS), is more effective in relieving symptoms and preventing the onset of severe infection in mild-to-moderate COVID-19 patients compared to those treated only with conventional treatment. TRIAL DESIGN: The study is designed as a multi-center, interventional, parallel-group, randomized (1:1 ratio), investigator-sponsored, two-arm study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients and inpatients will be recruited from 8 Japanese academic and non-academic hospitals. The inclusion and exclusion criteria are as follows: Inclusion criteria: 1. Diagnosed as positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 2. Clinical stages of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 3. Symptomatic 4. ≥ 20 years of age 5. Male or female 6. Ability to communicate in Japanese 7. Outpatients and inpatients 8. Provided informed consent Exclusion criteria: 1. Difficulty in providing informed consent due to dementia, psychosis, or psychiatric symptoms 2. Allergic to Kampo or Western medicines used in this study 3. Pregnant and lactating 4. Unable to follow up 5. Participating in another clinical trial or interventional study 6. Hypokalemic or taking oral furosemide or steroids 7. Determined unsuitable for this study by the physician INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Patients in the control group will receive conventional treatment with antipyretics, painkillers, or antitussives for symptoms that occurred after they contracted the SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients in the Kampo group will receive 2.5 g of KT (TJ-1@TSUMURA and Co.) and 2.5 g of SSKKS (TJ-109@TSUMURA and Co.) 3 times a day, orally, for 14 days in addition to the conventional treatment as mentioned above. MAIN OUTCOMES: The number of days till at least one of the symptoms (fever, cough, sputum, malaise, shortness of breath) improves in the first 14 days of treatment. To assess the cough, sputum, malaise, and shortness of breath, a numeric rating scale will be used to define improvement in terms of a 2-point decrease in the number of days from the start of treatment for at least 2 days. Fever will be defined as an improvement when the temperature is less than 37 °C. RANDOMIZATION: Patients are randomized (1:1 ratio) to each group using the minimization method, with balancing of the arms with severity of disease stage and patient age (< 65, 65 to < 75, or ≥ 75 years). Computer-generated random numbers will be used for the minimization method. BLINDING (MASKING): Open-label with no blinding NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMIZED (SAMPLE SIZE): The main research hypothesis of this study is that the combination of Kampo medicine and conventional treatment will significantly improve the patients' symptoms (fever, fatigue, cough, sputum, and shortness of breath) during the first 14 days of treatment as compared with conventional treatment alone. Concerning the analysis of the primary endpoint, the duration of time before improvement of at least one of the common cold-like symptoms (fever, malaise, cough, sputum, and shortness of breath) will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival curves will be compared between groups using the log-rank test. Assuming this method of analysis and based on previous studies reporting the efficacy of Kampo medicine for COVID-19 and H1N1 influenza patients, the median survival time in the Kampo medicine group is estimated as 3 days; this time will be 1.5 times longer in the control group. Assuming a one-sided significance level of 5%, a power of 70%, and an allocation ratio of 1:1, the required sample size is calculated as 126 cases. To compensate for a loss in follow-up, we plan to include 150 cases in both groups (Kampo group = 75, control group = 75). TRIAL STATUS: Protocol version 1.2 as of August 20, 2020 Recruitment start (expected): October 1, 2020 Recruitment finish (expected): October 31, 2023 TRIAL REGISTRATION: Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (jRCT) jRCTs021200020 . Registered on August 25, 2020 FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file and is accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest of expediting the dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Kampo , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 704-709, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045779

RESUMO

The achievements and breakthroughs in scientific field have provided scientific evidence for the relationship amongst diet, nutrition and chronic diseases, including oral diseases. Thus many international organizations and the governments of most countries were pushed to pay their attention to the prevention of chronic diseases by dietary patterns. From 1989 to 2018, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization organized expert consultations for many times to issue a series of global strategies and action plans on diet and health. The governments of China, Japan and US had produced the Dietary Guidelines for Residents. The results showed that the morbidity and mortality of many chronic diseases had been decreased by following the dietary guidance. However, the scientific achievements did not seem to produce tremendous enhancement in public health for various reasons. In the present article, the authors analyses the relationship between contemporary dietary patterns and oral health, and make suggestions on preventing and controlling oral diseases via dietary patterns for policy makers and dental professionals.


Assuntos
Dieta , Política Nutricional , China , Japão , Saúde Pública
5.
Intern Med ; 59(19): 2353-2358, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999264

RESUMO

Objective Liver injury is a notable complication of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to clarify the clinical features and liver injury in Japanese patients with COVID-19. Methods We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study. All consecutive patients with COVID-19 who visited or were admitted to our hospital before May 12, 2020, were enrolled. Their demographics, symptoms, laboratory findings, comorbidities, concomitant drugs, treatment, and clinical course were reviewed. We defined liver injury as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels over the upper limit of normal. Results Twenty-two patients with COVID-19 (median age, 47 years old; men/women, 13/9) were enrolled. Two patients had underlying liver diseases, and two were diagnosed as having COVID-19 without any symptoms. Elevated ALT and GGT levels were found in 12 and 12 patients, respectively, and liver injury was observed in 15 patients (68.2%). Compared with the patients without liver injury, those with liver injury had a significantly higher fever during the clinical course (median, 37.5°C vs. 38.8°C, p=0.006). A significant correlation was found between the highest serum liver values and the highest body temperature in each patient. Among the 22 patients, 4 required artificial respiratory support, and 2 died thereafter. Liver injury was not associated with the severity or mortality of COVID-19. Conclusion Elevated levels of liver enzymes in the Japanese patients with COVID-19 were associated with the highest body temperature during the clinical course but not with the severity or mortality of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hepatopatias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Temperatura Corporal , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
6.
Zootaxa ; 4768(3): zootaxa.4768.3.1, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055645

RESUMO

Japanese species of Caliroa (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae) are the following 13 species, five of which are described as new: C. aizankei Hara, sp. nov. from Hokkaido, C. bibaiensis Hara, sp. nov. from Hokkaido, C. cerasi (Linné, 1758), C. ibukii Hara, sp. nov. from Honshu, C. matsumotonis (Harukawa, 1919), C. nara Hara, 2011, C. nire Hara, sp. nov. from Hokkaido, C. oishii (Takeuchi, 1933), C. ouensis Hara, sp. nov. from Honshu, C. staphyleae Oishi, 1961, C. vaccini Okutani, 1965, C. varipes (Klug, 1816) and C. zelkovae Oishi, 1961. The following two new synonymies are proposed: C. quercivora Togashi, 1999, syn. nov. with C. oishii; C. sumomovora Togashi Oishi, 1978, syn. nov. with C. zelkovae. Lectotypes are designated for C. staphyleae Oishi, 1961 and C. zelkovae Oishi, 1961. Keys to adults and larvae are given. Caliroa staphyleae and C. zelkovae are newly recorded from Hokkaido. New host records are given for C. cerasi and C. zelkovae. Caliroa annulipes (Klug, 1816) is excluded from the fauna of Japan. An additional description of C. annulipes is given. The generic characters are also discussed.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Japão , Larva
7.
Zootaxa ; 4816(4): zootaxa.4816.4.6, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055687

RESUMO

Japanese species of Panzeria Robineau-Desvoidy in the sense of Wood and Cerretti are revised. Eighteen species are recorded from Japan, five of which are described as new and illustrated: P. atriventris sp. nov., P. bisetosa sp. nov., P. japonica sp. nov., P. meridionalis sp. nov., and P. rufitibialis sp. nov. Panzeria tuberculata (Zimin) is removed from synonymy with P. emdeni (Mesnil) and is revived as a valid species, comb. nov. Panzeria mimetes (Zimin) is removed from the Japanese fauna. The male and female terminalia of 16 species are illustrated and a key to 18 species is provided. The new name Panzeria chaoi nom. nov. is proposed for Eurythia tuberculata Chao Shi, 1981, because P. tuberculata (Zimin) is recognized as valid.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Japão , Masculino
8.
Zootaxa ; 4779(1): zootaxa.4779.1.10, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055805

RESUMO

Three Japanese species of the genus Pulvinaria Targioni Tozzetti (P. araliae Shinji, 1935, P. enkianthi Takahashi, 1955 and P. flava Takahashi, 1955) are redescribed and illustrated based on type specimens and some newly collected adult female specimens. Lectotypes are designated for P. enkianthi and P. flava from syntypes of these species and, in the absence of any original material, a neotype is designated for P. araliae using a specimen collected from the type locality. To facilitate comparisons, a table of diagnostic morphological character states of the redescribed species and the type species of the genus, P. vitis (Linnaeus, 1758), is also provided.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Animais , Feminino , Japão
9.
Zootaxa ; 4858(2): zootaxa.4858.2.5, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056232

RESUMO

A new pagurid hermit crab species is assigned to the genus Kumepagurus Komai Osawa, 2012, previously represented only by the type species, K. cavernicolus Komai Osawa, 2012, known only from a marine cave on Ryukyu Islands, northwestern Pacific. The assignment is made because of the lack of an accessory tooth on the maxilliped 3 ischium, the operculiform right chela, the presence of two distal corneous claws on the left chela fixed finger, the simple pereopods 4 and the development and structure of the male sexual tubes on both coxae of pereopods 5, all characteristic to the type species of the genus. However, in contrast to K. cavernicolus, K. kaikata n. sp. lacks pleurobranchs on the thoracomeres 5 and 6, and in this regard, Kumepagurus is unusual in the family Paguridae. The generic diagnosis of Kumepagurus is emended to accommodate the new species, which is readily distinguished from K. cavernicolus by the proportionately shorter antennular and antennal peduncles and the right cheliped structure and ornamentation, in addition to the difference in the gill number.


Assuntos
Anomuros , Animais , Cavernas , Japão , Masculino
10.
Zootaxa ; 4853(3): zootaxa.4853.3.5, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056368

RESUMO

A new species, Urumaelmis flammea Nakajima and Kamite, sp. nov., is described from Kyushu, Japan. This is the second species of the genus Urumaelmis Satô, 1963. The new species differs from the previously known species in the body size, the elytral carinae, and the shape of the aedeagus.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Ilhas , Japão
11.
Zootaxa ; 4852(4): zootaxa.4852.4.4, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056407

RESUMO

The laomediid mud shrimp genus Axianassa Schmitt, 1924 is currently represented by 12 species worldwide. In this study, a new species of the genus, A. microlepis, is described and illustrated on the basis of two female specimens obtained from Awaji Island, eastern part of the Seto Inland Sea, Japan, at depth of 8 m. The type specimens were collected by means of an airlift suction sampler, which enables collection of infauna in subtidal soft sediments. The new species, representing the fourth species of the genus known from the western Pacific, is readily distinguished from other congeners by the unique structure of the antennal scaphocerite (short, non-dagger shaped, terminally rounded or having spine and blade), faintly crenulate rostral margins and the presence of a small lateral notch on the uropodal endopod. An amended identification key to the species of Axianassa and Heteroaxianassa Sakai, 2016 is provided.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Japão , Coluna Vertebral
12.
Zootaxa ; 4766(3): zootaxa.4766.3.1, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056588

RESUMO

A poorly known callianassid ghost shrimp species, Scallasis amboinae Bate, 1888, is redescribed and illustrated on the basis of the holotype and new material from Papua New Guinea. A new species, S. inermis, is described from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Callianassa (Cheramus) pygmaea De Man 1928 is synonymised with S. amboinae. All seven species of Scallasis are diagnosed and compared.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Ilhas , Japão , Tamanho do Órgão
13.
Zootaxa ; 4759(1): zootaxa.4759.1.6, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056934

RESUMO

A new species of the little known microphysid genus Loricula Curtis (Microphysidae) is described, based on eleven female specimens recently found from Honshu, Japan. These individuals were collected on tree barks or trunks of broadleaf forest. An updated key is provided to aid in identification of adult females of the Japanese Loricula species.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Animais , Feminino , Japão
14.
Zootaxa ; 4779(4): zootaxa.4779.4.3, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055767

RESUMO

The Japanese species of the genus Strigiphilus Mjöberg, 1910 (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) are revised. Six species are recorded, including a new species belonging to the cursitans species-group: Strigiphilus stenocephalus new species, described from the type host Otus bakkamoena semitorques and based on specimens originally identified and reported by Uchida (1949) as Strigiphilus rostratus (Burmeister, 1838). A lectotype for Strigiphilus laticephalus (Uchida, 1949) (type host: Strix aluco yamadae) is designated and redescribed, and this louse species is synonymized under Strigiphilus cursor (Burmeister, 1838). Strigiphilus ceblebrachys (Denny, 1842), S. heterogenitalis Emerson Elbel, 1957 and S. tuleskovi Balát, 1958 are recorded for the first time in Japan. Also, Strix uralensis and Otus sunia japonicus are recorded as new hosts for Strigiphilus heterogenitalis and S. tuleskovi respectively.


Assuntos
Anoplura , Heterópteros , Iscnóceros , Estrigiformes , Animais , Japão
15.
Zootaxa ; 4834(1): zootaxa.4834.1.6, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056134

RESUMO

A new species of the pagurid hermit crab genus Turleania McLaughlin, 1997, T. rubriguttatus, is described on the basis of two specimens, including one male and one female, from shallow subtidal waters in Kochi Prefecture, Japan. The new species appears close to T. albatrossae (McLaughlin Haig, 1996), known from the Philippines, but the proximally unarmed dorsal surface of the right chela palm and the lack of a dorsomesial row of spines on the left cheliped carpus easily distinguish T. rubriguttatus n. sp. from T. albatrossae. Examination of the type material of T. similis Komai, 1999 and T. spinimanus Komai, 1999, and supplemental material from Japan, confirms that the two taxa are synonymous with T. senticosa (McLaughlin Haig, 1996), as was suggested by previous authors. Re-examination clarified that in T. senticosa the maxilliped 3 has no developed arthrobranchs, and this led the author to assess the status of T. sinensis Han, Sha An, 2016, which is also synonymised with T. senticosa.


Assuntos
Anomuros , Animais , Feminino , Japão , Masculino
16.
Zootaxa ; 4768(1): zootaxa.4768.1.2, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056533

RESUMO

A rhizocephalan parasite of the hermit crab Pagurus minutus Hess, 1865 (Decapoda, Paguridae) is described from Russian waters using morphological and molecular methods. Partial sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (COI) were used as a genetic marker. We refer this species to Peltogaster reticulata Shiino, 1943 (Rhizocephala, Peltogastridae) based on its morphological description, since genetic data for the species from its type locality are lacking. The species can be distinguished from its known congeners by the reticular pattern of the external cuticle. Peltogaster reticulata is the sister taxon to P. postica Yoshida Osawa, 2011 (in Yoshida et al. 2011), inhabiting the same host in southwestern Japan. The complete larval development of Peltogaster reticulata, including five naupliar and one cypris stage, is described and illustrated using SEM.


Assuntos
Anomuros , Parasitos , Thoracica , Animais , Japão , Federação Russa
17.
Zootaxa ; 4795(1): zootaxa.4795.1.1, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056692

RESUMO

Rice is the staple food crop for approximately half the world's population, but some common and abundant taxa inhabiting rice fields, such as ostracods, are poorly studied. For many ostracod species only brief, initial descriptions are available, hindering reliable identifications, and so their ecological roles in rice fields remain obscure. This study partially addresses this problem by assessing the taxonomic validity of six species of Cyprinotinae ostracods reported from rice fields in Japan and South Korea: Cyprinotus  uenoi Brehm, 1936, Hemicypris megalops Sars, 1903, Hemicypris ovata Sars, 1903, Hemicypris vulgaris Okubo, 1990, Heterocypris rotundata (Bronstein, 1928), and Hemicypris kawagaensis Okubo, 2004 nomen nudum. Type material of C. uenoi was not designated and Brehm's ostracod collection is missing, but Japanese and Korean records of C. uenoi differ significantly from Brehm's original description. The Japanese and Korean species is described and named herein as Cyprinotus cassidula sp. nov. Japanese specimens reported to be Hemicypris megalops are probably misidentified, but details of the carapace of Hemicypris megalops are obscure due to poor preservation of type material. Examination of topotype material of Hemicypris posterotruncata Bate, 1970, a sub-fossil from near Lake Turkana in Kenya, demonstrates that this species is extant in Asian rice fields. Investigation of type material of Hemicypris kliei (Lindroth, 1953) has revealed that it is not a senior synonym of Hemicypris posterotruncata, contrary to previous studies. Size and morphological data indicates that Hemicypris vulgaris is a large form of Hemicypris posterotruncata and the two species are treated as synonyms herein. Examination of paralectotypes of Hemicypris ovata indicates that it is very similar to Hemicypris posterotruncata, especially the larger morphotypes, but as these two species can be distinguished by morphological features they are both retained as separate species. However, Japanese records of Hemicypris ovata are considered misidentifications of the larger forms of Hemicypris posterotruncata. Hemicypris kawagaensis, which has only been reported once from East Asia, is herein regarded as a junior synonym of Hemicypris barbadensis Broodbakker, 1983, and is likely an alien species in Asia. Asian specimens previously identified as Heterocypris rotundata show sufficient differences to European specimens to determine that they are not conspecific. This species is described as Heterocypris savatenalintonae sp. nov. Taxonomic descriptions of Hemicypris ovata, Hemicypris posterotruncata, Hemicypris megalops, Hemicypris kliei, Heterocypris savatenalintonae sp. nov., and Cyprinotus cassidula sp. nov. are presented. Finally, it is noted that past redescriptions of Cyprinotus cingalensis Brady, 1886, the type species of the genus and the subfamily Cyprinotinae Bronstein 1947, are based partly on other species.


Assuntos
Crustáceos , Animais , Japão , República da Coreia
18.
Zootaxa ; 4838(4): zootaxa.4838.4.8, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056807

RESUMO

A new diagnosis of the genus Parabaliothrips is provided, together with a key to the nine recognized species and descriptions of the following: P. betulaceae n.sp., P. brevisetosus n.sp. and P. robustus n.sp. The European species Firmothrips firmus and Iridothrips mariae are newly recorded from Japan.


Assuntos
Tisanópteros , Animais , Japão , Taiwan
19.
Zootaxa ; 4762(1): zootaxa.4762.1.1, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056890

RESUMO

Eelpout species of the genus Lycenchelys Gill, 1884 recorded from Japanese waters are taxonomically revised. This study recognizes the following 11 species from Japanese waters as valid: Lycenchelys albomaculata Toyoshima, 1983, Lycenchelys aurantiaca Shinohara Matsuura, 1998, Lycenchelys hippopotamus Schmidt, 1950, Lycenchelys maculata Toyoshima, 1985, Lycenchelys makushok Fedorov Andriashev, 1993, Lycenchelys melanostomias Toyoshima, 1983, Lycenchelys rassi Andriashev, 1955, Lycenchelys remissaria Fedorov, 1995, Lycenchelys ryukyuensis Shinohara Anderson, 2007, Lycenchelys squamosa Toyoshima, 1983 and Lycenchelys tohokuensis Anderson Imamura, 2002. We redescribe species in detail based on type specimens as well as additional specimens in many cases. The synonymy of Lycenchelys brevimaxillaris Toyoshima, 1985 with L. melanostomias is supported in this study. Sexual dimorphism and changes with growth are revealed in L. albomaculata, L. aurantiaca, L. hippopotamus, L. makushok, L. melanostomias and L. rassi, all based on 10 or more specimens, for relative head length, head width, and upper and lower jaw lengths. In addition, we also found that the sizes at which sexual dimorphism can be recognized, and the tendencies for change with growth, differ among species. Furthermore, the dimorphism in head length is influenced by the snout length, eye diameter and/or postorbital length in L. albomaculata and L. aurantiaca.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Peixes , Japão , Mandíbula , Caracteres Sexuais
20.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240396, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031476

RESUMO

During the past 6 months, the world has lost almost 950,000 lives because of the outbreak of COVID-19, with more than 31 million individuals diagnosed with COVID-19 worldwide. In response, lockdowns, and various other policies have been implemented. Unfortunately, many individuals are violating those policies and governments have been urging people to comply with the behavioral guidelines. In this paper, we argue that personality traits need to be considered to understand and encourage more effective public compliance with COVID 19 transmission mitigation behavioral guidelines. Using a sample of 8,548 individuals from Japan, we show that certain personality traits are related to the tendency to comply with COVID-19 transmission mitigation behavioral guidelines. We emphasize the importance of understanding why people respond differently to the same authority's messages and provide actionable insights for government policy makers and those who implement policies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Política de Saúde , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade , Adulto Jovem
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