Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.165
Filtrar
1.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(4): 442-453, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497253

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess public awareness and policy challenges faced by practicing nurses. METHODS: After collecting nurse-related news articles published before and after 'the Thanks to You Challenge' campaign (between December 31, 2019, and July 15, 2020), keywords were extracted via preprocessing. A three-step method keyword analysis, latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling, and keyword network analysis was used to examine the text and the structure of the selected news articles. RESULTS: Top 30 keywords with similar occurrences were collected before and after the campaign. The five dominant topics before the campaign were: pandemic, infection of medical staff, local transmission, medical resources, and return of overseas Koreans. After the campaign, the topics 'infection of medical staff' and 'return of overseas Koreans' disappeared, but 'the Thanks to You Challenge' emerged as a dominant topic. A keyword network analysis revealed that the word of nurse was linked with keywords like thanks and campaign, through the word of sacrifice. These words formed interrelated domains of 'the Thanks to You Challenge' topic. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study can provide useful information for understanding various issues and social perspectives on COVID-19 nursing. The major themes of news reports lagged behind the real problems faced by nurses in COVID-19 crisis. While the press tends to focus on heroism and whole society, issues and policies mutually beneficial to public and nursing need to be further explored and enhanced by nurses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Jornais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Análise de Rede Social , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
2.
J Appl Psychol ; 106(7): 965-974, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383512

RESUMO

As the result of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), individuals have been inundated with constant negative news related to the pandemic. However, limited research examines how such news consumption impacts employees' work lives, including their ability to remain engaged with their work. Integrating conservation of resources theory and insights from the media psychology literature with research on occupational calling, we propose that weekly COVID-related news consumption heightens employees' anxiety levels, thereby frustrating their ability to remain engaged with work and that this process is differentially moderated by different facets of occupational calling. Specifically, we postulate that those who are called to their work primarily because it gives them personal meaning and purpose (i.e., higher in purposeful work) will remain more engaged with work in the face of the anxiety that arises from consuming COVID-related news, as their work may facilitate resource replenishment for these individuals. Conversely, we postulate that those who are drawn to their work primarily because it allows them to help others (i.e., higher in prosocial orientation) will experience the opposite effect, such that their inability to help others during the pandemic will strengthen the negative effect of anxiety on work engagement. Results from an 8-week weekly diary study with a sample of 281 Canadian employees during the pandemic provided support for our hypotheses. Implications are discussed for maintaining employee work engagement during the pandemic era, and beyond. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Jornais como Assunto , Engajamento no Trabalho , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
3.
J Public Health Policy ; 42(3): 359-372, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341478

RESUMO

We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess how the top 3 highest circulation newspapers from 25 countries are comparing and presenting COVID-19 epidemiological data to their readers. Of 75 newspapers evaluated, 51(68%) presented at their websites at least one comparison of cases and/or deaths between regions of their country and/or between countries. Quality assessment of the comparisons showed that only a minority of newspapers adjusted the data for population size in case comparisons between regions (37.2%) and between countries (25.6%), and the same was true for death comparisons between regions (27.3%) and between countries (27%). Of those making comparisons, only 13.7% explained the difference in the interpretation of cases and deaths. Of 17 that presented a logarithmic curve, only 29.4% explained its meaning. Although the press plays a key role in conveying correct medical information to the general public, we identified inconsistencies in the reporting of COVID-19 epidemiological data.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Global , Jornais como Assunto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Jornais como Assunto/normas , Jornais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255702, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375356

RESUMO

Like other disease outbreaks, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to the rapid generation and dissemination of misinformation and fake news. We investigated whether subscribers to a fact checking newsletter (n = 1397) were willing to share possible misinformation, and whether predictors of possible misinformation sharing are the same as for general samples. We also investigated predictors of willingness to have a COVID-19 vaccine and found that although vaccine acceptance was high on average, it decreased as a function of lower belief in science and higher conspiracy mentality. We found that 24% of participants had shared possible misinformation and that this was predicted by a lower belief in science. Like general samples, our participants were typically motivated to share possible misinformation due to interest in the information, or to seek a second opinion about claim veracity. However, even if information is shared in good faith and not for the purpose of deceiving or misleading others, the spread of misinformation is nevertheless highly problematic. Exposure to misinformation engenders faulty beliefs in others and undermines efforts to curtail the spread of COVID-19 by reducing adherence to social distancing measures and increasing vaccine hesitancy.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Comunicação , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Jornais como Assunto , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(3): 1-24, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287202

RESUMO

India's nationwide lockdown to curtail the transmission of Covid-19 has given rise to concerns over the health system's response to maternal and child health (MCH) services. This paper aims to understand the challenges faced by pregnant women seeking institutional care during the lockdown. We conducted a qualitative content analysis of 54 online news reports, published in English and Hindi, between 25 March 2020 and 31 May 2020. They covered cases across 17 states in India and 16 maternal deaths. Three broad thematic categories of challenges for pregnant women emerged from the analysis: 1) physical access to health facilities, 2) admission to health facilities, and 3) lack of respectful maternity care during the lockdown. In conclusion, strengthening health systems and incorporating MCH into the Covid-19 response is imperative. Failure to provide quality MCH services during the lockdown has implications for the continuum of women's care, maternal mortality, and human rights.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Internet , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Jornais como Assunto , Gestantes , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , SARS-CoV-2
6.
PLoS Biol ; 19(6): e3001260, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129637

RESUMO

There is increasing scrutiny around how science is communicated to the public. For instance, a Twitter account @justsaysinmice (with 70.4K followers in January 2021) was created to call attention to news headlines that omit that mice, not humans, are the ones for whom the study findings apply. This is the case of many headlines reporting on Alzheimer disease (AD) research. AD is characterized by a degeneration of the human brain, loss of cognition, and behavioral changes, for which no treatment is available. Around 200 rodent models have been developed to study AD, even though AD is an exclusively human condition that does not occur naturally in other species and appears impervious to reproduction in artificial animal models, an information not always disclosed. It is not known what prompts writers of news stories to either omit or acknowledge, in the story's headlines, that the study was done in mice and not in humans. Here, we raised the hypothesis that how science is reported by scientists plays a role on the news reporting. To test this hypothesis, we investigated whether an association exists between articles' titles and news' headlines regarding the omission, or not, of mice. To this end, we analyzed a sample of 623 open-access scientific papers indexed in PubMed in 2018 and 2019 that used mice either as models or as the biological source for experimental studies in AD research. We found a significant association (p < 0.01) between articles' titles and news stories' headlines, revealing that when authors omit the species in the paper's title, writers of news stories tend to follow suit. We also found that papers not mentioning mice in their titles are more newsworthy and significantly more tweeted than papers that do. Our study shows that science reporting may affect media reporting and asks for changes in the way we report about findings obtained with animal models used to study human diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Jornais como Assunto , Publicações , Mídias Sociais
7.
Prof Inferm ; 74(1): 31-40, 2021.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Media play a key part in shaping nurses' social perception. Newspapers were chosen as the subject of this content analysis, as they are the main resource that Italians use to inform themselves. For this reason, ne wspapers are an appropriate resource to analyse the image of the nurse that, as found in literature, is seen as a dynamic phenomenon that changes according to different scenarios. Given the media focus on nurses during COVID- 19 it seems reasonable to analyse what nurse image was emerged. METHOD: A Content Analysis with an inductive process was conducted. The analysis' objective was to evaluate the image of the nurse in national and local newspapers, published between the 30th of January and the 18th of May 2020. A triangulation methodology was used between the two researchers to ensure data quality. R ESULTS: Five themes were identified. The risks for the nurse's psycho-physic wellbeing. Taking responsibility and human relations despite barriers. The acknowledgment of professional attributes. Uncertainty on the continuity of the nurses' social role emerged from the media. Nurses only wish to be appreciated for what they do. The agreement between the researchers on the themes has a Krippendor ff 's alpha between =0.713 and =0.985. CONCLUSIONS: The media's interest highlighted the nurses' competence in assisting patients with COVID-19. However, there isn't in-depth analysis, of the contemporar y image of the nurse, specifically in relation to leadership. Positive and negative tropes are recalled. The superficiality and fragility of the mediatic phenomena emerged, as opposed to a real positive strengthening of the nurse's social perception.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Jornais como Assunto , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Opinião Pública , Humanos , Itália , Liderança , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/organização & administração , Percepção Social
8.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836022

RESUMO

The microbiome is a matter of interest for science, consumers and business. Our objective is to quantify that interest in academic journals and newspapers, both quantitatively and by study design. We calculated the number of articles on the microbiome from the total number of biomedicine articles featured in both PubMed and Spanish science news agency SINC, from 2008 to 2018. We used the Factiva database to identify news stories on microbiome papers in three general newspapers (The New York Times, The Times and El País) and three business newspapers (The Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times and Expansión), from 2007 to 2019. Then, we compared news stories with microbiome papers in PubMed, while also analyzing the frequencies of five study design types, both in the newspapers and in the papers themselves. Microbiome papers represented 0.8% of biomedicine papers in PubMed from 2008 to 2018 (increasing from 0.4% to 1.4%), while microbiome news published by SINC represented 1.6% of total biomedical news stories during the same period (increasing from 0.2% to 2.2%). The number of news stories on microbiome papers correlated with the number of microbiome papers (0.91, p < 0.001) featured in general newspapers, but not in business ones. News stories on microbiome papers represented 78.9% and 42.7% of all microbiome articles in general and business newspapers, respectively. Both media outlet types tended to over-report observational studies in humans while under-reporting environmental studies, while the representation of systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials, randomized controlled trials and animal/laboratory studies was similar when comparing newspapers and PubMed. The microbiome is receiving increasing attention in academic journals and newspapers. News stories on the microbiome in general and business newspapers are mostly based on research findings and are more interested in observational studies in humans and less in environmental studies compared to PubMed.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Jornais como Assunto/tendências , Opinião Pública
9.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 60: 102649, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887672

RESUMO

The economic and social devastation wrought by the COVID-19 crisiscoupled with the unavailability of traditional coping resources is a "perfect storm" for suicide. Evidence suggests that its impact may be disproportionately high in low-and-middle-income countries. The study aimed to assess and compare nature and correlates of suicidesfrom news reportsduring the immediate pre-lockdown and lockdown phase of COVID-19 in Bangladesh and India. We performed analysis of suicide reports from purposively selected online vernacular and English newspapers of Bangladesh and two states/union territory in India, between January to June 2020. We divided the time period of observation into two phases: pre-lockdown and lockdown phase. Country wise findings between the two phases were compared in terms of demographic and characteristics of the reported suicide. A total of 769 news reports wereanalysed; 141 from Bangladesh and 628 from India. When compared to the pre-lockdown period, the odds of suicide by hanging was significantly higher during lockdownin India (adjusted Odds Ratios [aOR] = 3.8, p = 0.018) and Bangladesh (aOR = 3.1, p = 0.048). Suicide demographics in India were different from Bangladesh during lockdown; more males died by suicide in India (aOR = 2.7, p = 0.023) and more people died by hanging (aOR = 2.6, p = 0.029). The pandemic restrictions impacted suicide demographics in the studied regions of India and Bangladesh. Further research using population-based time-series data are warranted to investigate the issue.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Jornais como Assunto , Política Pública , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
10.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(1): 92-105, jan.-mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177104

RESUMO

O artigo analisa as representações sociais sobre sujeitos identificados com sorologia positiva para HIV e/ou adoecidos pela aids veiculadas pelo periódico Correio de Notícias entre os anos de 1987 e 1992. Buscou-se perceber como um veículo de comunicação com circulação expressiva no estado do Paraná construiu uma determinada imagem encarnada do soropositivo para o HIV, em um período em que a AIDS era comumente considerada um vaticínio de morte e no qual a imprensa correntemente utilizava-se do termo 'aidético'. A partir dos dados obtidos, fez-se análise de conteúdo das matérias jornalísticas, com suporte na teoria das Representações Sociais. Identificou-se uma pluralidade de categorias temáticas, sobressaindo-se um conjunto de representações cujo significado mais imediato reforçou a estigmatização da pessoa com HIV e/ ou adoecida pela AIDS a partir de sua associação com crime, delito e contravenção.


The article analyzes the social representations of people with HIV and/or sick of AIDS that were published by the newspaper Correio de Notícias between 1987 and 1992. The main purpose of the analysis was to understand how a newspaper of significant circulation in the state of Paraná built a certain stereotypic image of people HIV-positive at a time when the disease was considered a death prediction. From the obtained data, a content analysis of the journalistic materials was made, with support from the theory of the Social Representations. The survey identified a plurality of thematic categories with a set of representations whose most immediate significance reinforced the stigmatization of the person with HIV and/or sick of AIDS with an association with crime and misdemeanor.


El artículo analiza las representaciones sociales de personas con VIH y/o enfermo de SIDA vehiculadas por el periódico Correio de Notícias entre 1987 y 1992. El propósito principal del análisis fue comprender cómo un periódico de circulación expresiva en el estado de Paraná construyó una determinada imagen encarnada del VIH positivo, en un período en que la enfermedad se consideraba una predicción de muerte. A partir de los datos obtenidos, se realizó un análisis de contenido de los materiales periodísticos, con el apoyo de la teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. El análisis identificó una pluralidad de categorías temáticas con un conjunto de representaciones cuyo significado más inmediato reforzó la estigmatización de la persona con VIH y/o con manifestación de estar enfermo de SIDA con una asociación con el crimen, el delito y otros desórdenes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , HIV , Comunicação/história , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Jornais como Assunto , Preconceito , Meios de Comunicação , Crime
11.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(1): 18-32, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177085

RESUMO

O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar discursos do/no jornal O Globo, um veículo de referência no jornalismo brasileiro, sobre a estratégia de isolamento social como forma de contenção da pandemia de Covid-19. Para isso, tomou como base de observação e análise notícias e reportagens publicadas pelo jornal durante as duas primeiras semanas de medidas (do dia 16 ao dia 26 do mês de março de 2020). O estudo partiu da Análise de Discurso (Pêcheux/Orlandi) para compreender se houve deslocamentos de sentido em relação às medidas e aos embates discursivos que tiveram lugar entre autoridades políticas, de saúde e a própria população. O artigo conclui que mais do que produzir sentido sobre a cena discursiva que se instaurou durante esse período, o próprio jornal se fez ator nessa cena, participando de intrigas discursivas que nela tiveram lugar.


This article aims to analyze discourses by/in the newspaper O Globo, a reference vehicle in Brazilian journalism, about the strategy of social isolation as a way of containing the Covid-19 pandemic. For this purpose, it took as a base of observation and analysis news and reports published by the newspaper during the first two weeks of measures (from March 16to 26). The study started from Discourse Analysis (Pêcheux/ Orlandi) to understand if there have been displacements of meanings in relation to measures and the discursive clashes that took place between political, health authorities and the population itself. The article concludes that more than producing meaning about the discursive scene that was established during that period, the newspaper itself became an actor in that scene, participating in the discursive intrigues that took place on it.


Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar los discursos del diario O Globo, vehículo de referencia en el periodismo brasileño, sobre la estrategia de aislamiento social como forma de contener la pandemia Covid-19. Para ello, tomó como base de observación y análisis las noticias e informes publicados por el diario durante las primeras dos semanas de medidas (del 16 al 26 de marzo). El estudio partió del Análisis del Discurso (Pêcheux/Orlandi) para entender si hubo algún desplazamiento de sentidos con relación a las medidas y los enfrentamientos discursivos que se produjeron entre las autoridades políticas, sanitarias y la propia población. El artículo concluye que más que producir significado sobre la escena discursiva que se instauró durante ese período, el propio diario se convirtió en actor de esa escena, participando de las intrigas discursivas que se desarrollaban en ella.


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Discurso , Pandemias , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Jornais como Assunto , Comunicação , Meios de Comunicação de Massa
12.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247904, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661955

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has been followed intensely by the global news media, with deaths and bereavement a major focus. The media reflect and reinforce cultural conventions and sense-making, offering a lens which shapes personal experiences and attitudes. How COVID-19 bereavement is reported therefore has important societal implications. We aimed to explore the reportage and portrayal of COVID-19 related bereavement in the top seven most-read British online newspapers during two week-long periods in March and April 2020. We conducted a qualitative document analysis of all articles that described grief or bereavement after a death from COVID-19. Analysis of 55 articles was informed by critical discourse analysis and Terror Management Theory, which describes a psychological conflict arising between the realisation that death is inevitable and largely unpredictable and the human need for self-preservation. We identified three main narratives: (1) fear of an uncontrollable, unknown new virus and its uncertain consequences-associated with sensationalist language and a sense of helplessness and confusion; (2) managing uncertainty and fear via prediction of the future and calls for behaviour change, associated with use of war metaphors; and (3) mourning and loss narratives that paid respect to the deceased and gave voice to grief, associated with euphemistic or glorifying language ('passed away', 'heroes'). Accounts of death and grief were largely homogenous, with bereavement due to COVID-19 presented as a series of tragedies, and there was limited practical advice about what to do if a loved one became seriously ill or died. Reporting reflected the tension between focusing on existential threat and the need to retreat from or attempt to control that threat. While the impact of this reporting on the public is unknown, a more nuanced approach is recommended to better support those bereaved by COVID-19.


Assuntos
Luto , COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Medo , Humanos , Jornais como Assunto , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
13.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247981, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684148

RESUMO

Stance markers are critical linguistic devices for writers to convey their personal attitudes, judgments or assessments about the proposition of certain messages. Following Hyland's framework of stance, this study investigated the distribution of stance markers in two different genres: medical research articles (medical RA) and newspaper opinion columns (newspaper OC). The corpus constructed for the investigation includes 52 medical research articles and 175 newspaper opinion articles, which were both written in English and published from January to April in 2020 with the topic focusing on COVID-19. The findings of this study demonstrated that the occurrences of stance markers in newspaper OC were far more frequent than those in medical RA, indicating the different conventions of these two genres. Despite the significant difference in the occurrences of stance markers between the two sub-corpora, similarities of the most frequent stance markers in two genres were also highlighted. The study indicated that the topic content seems to play an important role in shaping the way of how writers construct their stance. The lack of information or evidence on the topic of COVID-19 could restrain writers from making high degree of commitment to their claims, which make them adopt a more tentative stance to qualify their statements.


Assuntos
Atitude , Pesquisa Biomédica , COVID-19 , Linguística , Jornais como Assunto , Redação , Humanos
14.
Health Policy ; 125(4): 535-540, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579561

RESUMO

Real-time tracking of epidemic helps governments and health authorities make timely data-driven decisions. Official mortality data, whenever reliable and available, is usually published with a substantial delay. We report results of using newspapers obituaries to "nowcast" the mortality levels observed in Italy during the COVID-19 outbreak between February 24, 2020 and April 15, 2020. Mortality levels predicted using obituaries outperform forecasts based on past mortality according to several performance metrics, making obituaries a potentially valid alternative source of information to deal with epidemic surveillance.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Previsões , Internet , Jornais como Assunto , Vigilância da População , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Modelos Estatísticos
15.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246524, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534839

RESUMO

Governments around the globe have started to develop and deploy digital contact tracing apps to gain control over the spread of the novel coronavirus (Covid-19). The appropriateness and usefulness of these technologies as a containment measure have since sparked political and academic discussions globally. The present paper contributes to this debate through an exploration of how the national daily newspapers in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland reported on the development and adoption of digital contact-tracing apps during early and after stages of the lockdown. These countries were among the first in Europe to develop apps and were critical voices in the debate of decentralized vs. centralized data processing. We conducted thematic analysis on news coverage published between January and May 2020 in high-circulation national daily newspapers from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. A total of 148 articles from nine newspaper companies were included in the final analysis. From our analysis emerged six core themes of the development and adoption of digital contact tracing apps: 1) data governance; 2) role of IT giants; 3) scientific rigor; 4) voluntariness; 5) functional efficacy; 6) role of the app. These results shed light on the different facets of discussion regarding digital contact tracing as portrayed in German-speaking media. This study complements emerging survey data on public perceptions of digital contact tracing apps by providing a better understanding of the ideas circulating in the media ecosystem.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Busca de Comunicante , Áustria , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Jornais como Assunto , Percepção , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça
16.
Transfusion ; 61(6): 1822-1829, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditionally, during crises the number of new blood donors increases. However, the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic created additional barriers to donate due to governmental prevention measures and increased personal health risks. In this report, we examined how the pandemic affected new donor registrations in the Netherlands, especially among groups with higher risk profiles for severe COVID-19. Additionally, we explored the role of media for blood donation and new donor registrations. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed new donor registrations and attention for blood donation in newspapers and on social media from January until May 2020, in comparison to the same period in 2017 to 2019. RESULTS: After the introduction of nationwide prevention measures, several peaks in new donor registrations occurred, which coincided with peaks in media attention. Interestingly, people with a higher risk profile for COVID-19 (e.g., due to age or region of residence) were overrepresented among new registrants. DISCUSSION: In sum, the first peak of the current pandemic has led to increased new blood donor registrations, despite the associated increased health risks. Time and future studies will have to tell whether these new donors are one-off 'pandemic' donors or if they will become regular, loyal donors.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue/provisão & distribuição , COVID-19 , Seleção do Doador , Adolescente , Adulto , Publicidade , Bancos de Sangue/organização & administração , Bancos de Sangue/normas , Bancos de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Doadores de Sangue/psicologia , Doadores de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Sangue/métodos , Segurança do Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Seleção do Doador/métodos , Seleção do Doador/organização & administração , Seleção do Doador/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Jornais como Assunto , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Mídias Sociais , Adulto Jovem
18.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 57: 102560, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our objective was to analyze reports of COVID-19 related suicides (CRS) to identify associated factors with a broader goal to inform management and prevention strategies. METHODS: We searched scientific literature, government websites and online newspaper reports in English and nine regional languages to identify relevant CRS reports. RESULTS: A total of 151 CRS reports were retrieved. CRS was more frequently reported among males (80.8%), those whose COVID status was unknown (48.0%), and those in quarantine/isolation (49.0%). CONCLUSION: The above findings may assist identification of at-risk individuals for COVID-19 related suicidal behavior.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas/estatística & dados numéricos , Jornais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Distanciamento Físico , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Fatores Sexuais
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(5)2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495336

RESUMO

Countering misinformation can reduce belief in the moment, but corrective messages quickly fade from memory. We tested whether the longer-term impact of fact-checks depends on when people receive them. In two experiments (total N = 2,683), participants read true and false headlines taken from social media. In the treatment conditions, "true" and "false" tags appeared before, during, or after participants read each headline. Participants in a control condition received no information about veracity. One week later, participants in all conditions rated the same headlines' accuracy. Providing fact-checks after headlines (debunking) improved subsequent truth discernment more than providing the same information during (labeling) or before (prebunking) exposure. This finding informs the cognitive science of belief revision and has practical implications for social media platform designers.


Assuntos
Jornais como Assunto , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
20.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 76(4): e213-e218, 2021 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sheds light on the agenda-setting role of the media during the COVID-19 crisis by examining trends in nursing home (NH) coverage in 4 leading national newspapers-The New York Times, Washington Post, USA Today, and Los Angeles Times. METHOD: Keyword searches of the Nexis Uni database identified 2,039 NH-related articles published from September 2018 to June 2020. Trends in the frequency of NH coverage and its tone (negative) and prominence (average words, daily article count, opinion piece) were examined. RESULTS: Findings indicate a dramatic rise in the number of NH articles published in the months following the first COVID-19 case, far exceeding previous levels. NH coverage became considerably more prominent, as the average number of words and daily articles on NHs increased. The proportion of negative articles largely remained consistent, though volume rose dramatically. Weekly analysis revealed acceleration in observed trends within the post-COVID-19 period itself. These trends, visible in all papers, were especially dramatic in The New York Times. DISCUSSION: Overall, findings reveal marked growth in the frequency and number of prominent and negative NH articles during the COVID-19 crisis. The increased volume of coverage has implications for the relative saliency of NHs to other issues during the pandemic. The increased prominence of coverage has implications for the perceived importance of addressing pre-existing deficits and the devastating consequences of the pandemic for NHs.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Jornais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Casas de Saúde , Estereotipagem , Idoso , COVID-19/psicologia , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Opinião Pública , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...