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4.
Global Health ; 15(Suppl 1): 0, 2019 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775869

RESUMO

The presumed global consensus on achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) masks crucial issues regarding the principles and politics of what constitutes "universality" and what matters, past and present, in the struggle for health (care) justice. This article focuses on three dimensions of the problematic: 1) we unpack the rhetoric of UHC in terms of each of its three components: universal, health, and coverage; 2) paying special attention to Latin America, we revisit the neoliberal coup d'état against past and contemporary struggles for health justice, and we consider how the current neoliberal phase of capitalism has sought to arrest these struggles, co-opt their language, and narrow their vision; and 3) we re-imagine the contemporary challenges/dilemmas concerning health justice, transcending the false technocratic consensus around UHC and re-infusing the profoundly political nature of this struggle. In sum, as with the universe writ large, a range of matters matter: socio-political contexts at national and international levels, agenda-setting power, the battle over language, real policy effects, conceptual narratives, and people's struggles for justice.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Justiça Social , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , América Latina , Política
5.
J Forensic Nurs ; 15(4): 199-205, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764523

RESUMO

Initial conceptualizations of violence and trauma in forensic nursing have remained relatively narrowly defined since the specialty's inception. The advent of trauma-informed care has been important but has limitations that obfuscate social and structural determinants of health, equity, and social justice. As forensic nursing practice becomes more complex, narrow definitions of violence and trauma limit the effectiveness of trauma-informed care in its current incarnation. In keeping with the nursing model of holistic care, we need ways to teach, practice, and conduct research that can accommodate these increasing levels of complexity, including expanding our conceptualizations of violence and trauma to advance health equity and social justice. The objective of this article is to introduce the concepts of structural violence and trauma- and violence-informed care as equity-oriented critical paradigms to embrace the increasing complexity and health inequities facing forensic nursing practice.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Forense , Equidade em Saúde , Trauma Psicológico/enfermagem , Justiça Social , Vítimas de Crime , Currículo , Educação em Enfermagem , Política de Saúde , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem
6.
J Law Med ; 26(4): 732-736, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682352

RESUMO

The use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is highly regulated across Australia. Its use on those under compulsory mental health treatment orders remains controversial and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel and Inhuman Treatment or Punishment has called for a ban on its nonconsensual use. Mental health tribunals must consider whether or not the person concerned has capacity to consent to ECT and there have been different understandings of just what capacity means in this regard. This column discusses the influence of human rights law and a recent decision by Justice Bell of the Supreme Court of Victoria setting a low threshold for a person's capacity to consent to or refuse ECT.


Assuntos
Eletroconvulsoterapia , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Justiça Social , Humanos , Legislação Médica , Nações Unidas , Vitória
8.
Nature ; 574(7778): 297, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619786
13.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(2): 39-41, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543026
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514327

RESUMO

Community-based participatory research is a growing approach, but often includes higher levels of community engagement in the research design and data collection stages than in the data interpretation stage. Involving study participants in this stage could further knowledge justice, science that aligns with and supports social justice agendas. This article reports on two community-based participatory environmental health surveys conducted between 2015 and 2019 in an industrial region near Marseille, France, and focuses specifically on our approach of organizing focus groups to directly involve residents and community stakeholders in the analysis and interpretation process. We found that, in these focus groups, residents triangulated across many different sources of information-study findings, local knowledge, and different types of expert knowledge-to reach conclusions about the health of their community and make recommendations for what should be done to improve community health outcomes. We conclude that involving residents in the data analysis and interpretation stage can promote epistemic justice and lead to final reports that are more useful to community stakeholders and decision-makers.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Saúde Ambiental , Grupos Focais , Asma/psicologia , Tomada de Decisões , França , Humanos , Conhecimento , Neoplasias/psicologia , Justiça Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
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