Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.480
Filtrar
1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(17)2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872332

RESUMO

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) causes up to 40% mortality in humans and is difficult to treat. ARDS is also one of the major triggers of mortality associated with coronavirus-induced disease (COVID-19). We used a mouse model of ARDS induced by Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), which triggers 100% mortality, to investigate the mechanisms through which Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) attenuates ARDS. SEB was used to trigger ARDS in C3H mice. These mice were treated with THC and analyzed for survival, ARDS, cytokine storm, and metabolome. Additionally, cells isolated from the lungs were used to perform single-cell RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis. A database analysis of human COVID-19 patients was also performed to compare the signaling pathways with SEB-mediated ARDS. The treatment of SEB-mediated ARDS mice with THC led to a 100% survival, decreased lung inflammation, and the suppression of cytokine storm. This was associated with immune cell apoptosis involving the mitochondrial pathway, as suggested by single-cell RNA sequencing. A transcriptomic analysis of immune cells from the lungs revealed an increase in mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes following THC treatment. In addition, metabolomic analysis revealed elevated serum concentrations of amino acids, lysine, n-acetyl methionine, carnitine, and propionyl L-carnitine in THC-treated mice. THC caused the downregulation of miR-185, which correlated with an increase in the pro-apoptotic gene targets. Interestingly, the gene expression datasets from the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of human COVID-19 patients showed some similarities between cytokine and apoptotic genes with SEB-induced ARDS. Collectively, this study suggests that the activation of cannabinoid receptors may serve as a therapeutic modality to treat ARDS associated with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Agonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/imunologia , Dronabinol/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Enterotoxinas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C3H , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/virologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2145, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983174

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 infection has recently been declared a pandemic. Some patients showing severe symptoms exhibit drastic inflammation and airway damage. In this study, we re-analyzed published scRNA-seq data of COVID-19 patient bronchoalveolar lavage fluid to further classify and compare immunological features according to the patient's disease severity. Patients with severe symptoms showed DNA damage and apoptotic features of epithelial cells. Our results suggested that epithelial damage was associated with neutrophil infiltration. Myeloid cells of severe patients showed higher expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines such as CXCL8. As a result, neutrophils were abundant in lungs of patients from the severe group. Furthermore, recruited neutrophils highly expressed genes related to neutrophil extracellular traps. Neutrophil-mediated inflammation was regulated by glucocorticoid receptor expression and activity. Based on these results, we suggest that severe COVID-19 symptoms may be determined by differential expression of glucocorticoid receptors and neutrophils.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Interleucina-8/genética , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA-Seq , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única/métodos
3.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 213-224, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865913

RESUMO

Asthma is a chronic, serious allergic inflammatory disease in the airway. The inflammation in the airway is induced by the allergic T-helper 2 cells (Th2 cells), which leads to unfettered production of inflammatory cytokines. The accretion of inflammatory cells in the airway also speeds up the secretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and suppresses antioxidative processes. Hence, the present work aimed to study the antiasthmatic efficacy of betulin and its effect in suppressing the inflammatory markers of ovalbumin (OVA) challenged asthmatic mice. The observed results revealed that the levels of inflammatory cells including neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and macrophages were effectively decreased by betulin treatment; furthermore, the inflammatory markers IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and TNF-α levels were notably suppressed by betulin administration in OVA-challenged asthmatic mice. Similarly, the oral administration of betulin showed a reduction in IgE level and elevation in the IFN-γ level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The elevated levels of antioxidant enzymes like catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were observed in betulin treated mice. Furthermore, reduced levels of reactive oxygen species like NO2, NO3, and MDA were noted in the betulin treated group. Consistently, airway hyperreactivity (AHR) was depleted in the betulin administered group compared with the OVA-challenged asthmatic group. Betulin treatment was revealed to have noteworthy antiasthmatic effects mediated by the suppression of production of inflammatory cells and the expression of other inflammatory markers. Furthermore, the elevation in the level of antioxidant markers helped to disclose the original regulatory mode of betulin on asthma treatment.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Asma/imunologia , Asma/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/citologia , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Testes de Função Respiratória , Triterpenos/administração & dosagem
4.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 39(3): 225-234, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865914

RESUMO

Asthma is marked by chronic irritation in the airway lumen of the lungs due to the accretion of inflammatory cells that influence the regular inhalation process. An extended buildup of inflammation leads to oxidative pressure and the repression of antioxidant functions. In the current study, a potential compound, boldine, was tested for the containment of provocative markers along the path of antiasthmatic activity in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice model. As an effect, the boldine (10 and 20 mg/kg) treatment suppressed inflammatory cells such as eosinophil, macrophage, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and other inflammatory markers in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of OVA-induced mice. Likewise, immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels were drastically condensed in the serum of boldine-treated animals. Levels of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH), were upregulated in the boldine treatment group compared to the asthmatic control group, which displays the antioxidant effects of boldine on asthmatic animals. Interestingly, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malonaldehyde (MDA) levels were repressed in the BALF of boldine-treated mice groups. Therefore, the effects of boldine are significant for the management of asthma, reducing the accrual of inflammatory cells, along with other inflammatory markers, while improving antioxidant markers and containing ROS. Hence, boldine may be an option for clinical trials of chronic asthma management.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Aporfinas/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Aporfinas/administração & dosagem , Asma/imunologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/análise , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/citologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Testes de Função Respiratória
5.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 146(2): 315-324.e7, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 300 million people carry a diagnosis of asthma, with data to suggest that they are at a higher risk for infection or adverse outcomes from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Asthma is remarkably heterogeneous, and it is currently unclear how patient-intrinsic factors may relate to coronavirus disease 2019. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify and characterize subsets of patients with asthma at increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. METHODS: Participants from 2 large asthma cohorts were stratified using clinically relevant parameters to identify factors related to angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression within bronchial epithelium. ACE-2-correlated gene signatures were used to interrogate publicly available databases to identify upstream signaling events and novel therapeutic targets. RESULTS: Stratifying by type 2 inflammatory biomarkers, we identified subjects who demonstrated low peripheral blood eosinophils accompanied by increased expression of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 receptor ACE2 in bronchial epithelium. Genes highly correlated with ACE2 overlapped with type 1 and 2 IFN signatures, normally induced by viral infections. T-cell recruitment and activation within bronchoalveolar lavage cells of ACE2-high subjects was reciprocally increased. These patients demonstrated characteristics corresponding to risk factors for severe coronavirus disease 2019, including male sex, history of hypertension, low peripheral blood, and elevated bronchoalveolar lavage lymphocytes. CONCLUSIONS: ACE2 expression is linked to upregulation of viral response genes in a subset of type 2-low patients with asthma with characteristics resembling known risk factors for severe coronavirus disease 2019. Therapies targeting the IFN family and T-cell-activating factors may therefore be of benefit in a subset of patients.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Receptores Virais/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Asma/classificação , Asma/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Brônquios/imunologia , Brônquios/patologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Eosinófilos/imunologia , Eosinófilos/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Interferon gama/genética , Interferon gama/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Receptores Virais/imunologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Linfócitos T/classificação , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/patologia , Transcriptoma , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
Science ; 369(6504): 706-712, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527925

RESUMO

Viral infections of the lower respiratory tract are a leading cause of mortality. Mounting evidence indicates that most severe cases are characterized by aberrant immune responses and do not depend on viral burden. In this study, we assessed how type III interferons (IFN-λ) contribute to the pathogenesis induced by RNA viruses. We report that IFN-λ is present in the lower, but not upper, airways of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In mice, we demonstrate that IFN-λ produced by lung dendritic cells in response to a synthetic viral RNA induces barrier damage, causing susceptibility to lethal bacterial superinfections. These findings provide a strong rationale for rethinking the pathophysiological role of IFN-λ and its possible use in clinical practice against endemic viruses, such as influenza virus as well as the emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Interferons/fisiologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Interferons/metabolismo , Pulmão/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nasofaringe/imunologia , Pandemias , Poli I-C/administração & dosagem , Mucosa Respiratória/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Infecções Estafilocócicas/metabolismo , Superinfecção , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/metabolismo
7.
Science ; 369(6504): 712-717, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527928

RESUMO

Excessive cytokine signaling frequently exacerbates lung tissue damage during respiratory viral infection. Type I (IFN-α and IFN-ß) and III (IFN-λ) interferons are host-produced antiviral cytokines. Prolonged IFN-α and IFN-ß responses can lead to harmful proinflammatory effects, whereas IFN-λ mainly signals in epithelia, thereby inducing localized antiviral immunity. In this work, we show that IFN signaling interferes with lung repair during influenza recovery in mice, with IFN-λ driving these effects most potently. IFN-induced protein p53 directly reduces epithelial proliferation and differentiation, which increases disease severity and susceptibility to bacterial superinfections. Thus, excessive or prolonged IFN production aggravates viral infection by impairing lung epithelial regeneration. Timing and duration are therefore critical parameters of endogenous IFN action and should be considered carefully for IFN therapeutic strategies against viral infections such as influenza and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Interferons/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/patologia , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/imunologia , Animais , Apoptose , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/administração & dosagem , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Interferon Tipo I/administração & dosagem , Interferon Tipo I/farmacologia , Interferon-alfa/administração & dosagem , Interferon-alfa/metabolismo , Interferon-alfa/farmacologia , Interferon beta/administração & dosagem , Interferon beta/metabolismo , Interferon beta/farmacologia , Interferons/administração & dosagem , Interferons/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/metabolismo , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/genética , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/metabolismo , Receptores de Interferon/genética , Receptores de Interferon/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
8.
Brain Behav Immun ; 89: 559-568, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497778

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 virus infects cells of the airway and lungs in humans causing the disease COVID-19. This disease is characterized by cough, shortness of breath, and in severe cases causes pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) which can be fatal. Bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and plasma from mild and severe cases of COVID-19 have been profiled using protein measurements and bulk and single cell RNA sequencing. Onset of pneumonia and ARDS can be rapid in COVID-19, suggesting a potential neuronal involvement in pathology and mortality. We hypothesized that SARS-CoV-2 infection drives changes in immune cell-derived factors that then interact with receptors expressed by the sensory neuronal innervation of the lung to further promote important aspects of disease severity, including ARDS. We sought to quantify how immune cells might interact with sensory innervation of the lung in COVID-19 using published data from patients, existing RNA sequencing datasets from human dorsal root ganglion neurons and other sources, and a genome-wide ligand-receptor pair database curated for pharmacological interactions relevant for neuro-immune interactions. Our findings reveal a landscape of ligand-receptor interactions in the lung caused by SARS-CoV-2 viral infection and point to potential interventions to reduce the burden of neurogenic inflammation in COVID-19 pulmonary disease. In particular, our work highlights opportunities for clinical trials with existing or under development rheumatoid arthritis and other (e.g. CCL2, CCR5 or EGFR inhibitors) drugs to treat high risk or severe COVID-19 cases.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/inervação , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Receptores de Citocinas/imunologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/imunologia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Gânglios Espinais , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Nociceptores/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , RNA-Seq , Receptores de Citocinas/metabolismo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/imunologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/metabolismo , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/fisiopatologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Regulação para Cima
9.
Cell Host Microbe ; 27(6): 883-890.e2, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-165371

RESUMO

The outbreaks of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection have posed a severe threat to global public health. It is unclear how the human immune system responds to this infection. Here, we used metatranscriptomic sequencing to profile immune signatures in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of eight COVID-19 cases. The expression of proinflammatory genes, especially chemokines, was markedly elevated in COVID-19 cases compared to community-acquired pneumonia patients and healthy controls, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 infection causes hypercytokinemia. Compared to SARS-CoV, which is thought to induce inadequate interferon (IFN) responses, SARS-CoV-2 robustly triggered expression of numerous IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). These ISGs exhibit immunopathogenic potential, with overrepresentation of genes involved in inflammation. The transcriptome data was also used to estimate immune cell populations, revealing increases in activated dendritic cells and neutrophils. Collectively, these host responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection could further our understanding of disease pathogenesis and point toward antiviral strategies.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Sistema Respiratório/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Citocinas/análise , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interferons/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Sistema Respiratório/patologia
10.
Cell Host Microbe ; 27(6): 883-890.e2, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-125388

RESUMO

The outbreaks of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection have posed a severe threat to global public health. It is unclear how the human immune system responds to this infection. Here, we used metatranscriptomic sequencing to profile immune signatures in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of eight COVID-19 cases. The expression of proinflammatory genes, especially chemokines, was markedly elevated in COVID-19 cases compared to community-acquired pneumonia patients and healthy controls, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 infection causes hypercytokinemia. Compared to SARS-CoV, which is thought to induce inadequate interferon (IFN) responses, SARS-CoV-2 robustly triggered expression of numerous IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). These ISGs exhibit immunopathogenic potential, with overrepresentation of genes involved in inflammation. The transcriptome data was also used to estimate immune cell populations, revealing increases in activated dendritic cells and neutrophils. Collectively, these host responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection could further our understanding of disease pathogenesis and point toward antiviral strategies.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Sistema Respiratório/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Citocinas/análise , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interferons/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Sistema Respiratório/patologia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407669

RESUMO

The outbreaks of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection have posed a severe threat to global public health. It is unclear how the human immune system responds to this infection. Here, we used metatranscriptomic sequencing to profile immune signatures in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of eight COVID-19 cases. The expression of proinflammatory genes, especially chemokines, was markedly elevated in COVID-19 cases compared to community-acquired pneumonia patients and healthy controls, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 infection causes hypercytokinemia. Compared to SARS-CoV, which is thought to induce inadequate interferon (IFN) responses, SARS-CoV-2 robustly triggered expression of numerous IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). These ISGs exhibit immunopathogenic potential, with overrepresentation of genes involved in inflammation. The transcriptome data was also used to estimate immune cell populations, revealing increases in activated dendritic cells and neutrophils. Collectively, these host responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection could further our understanding of disease pathogenesis and point toward antiviral strategies.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Sistema Respiratório/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Citocinas/análise , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Interferons/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Sistema Respiratório/patologia
12.
Nat Med ; 26(6): 842-844, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398875

RESUMO

Respiratory immune characteristics associated with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity are currently unclear. We characterized bronchoalveolar lavage fluid immune cells from patients with varying severity of COVID-19 and from healthy people by using single-cell RNA sequencing. Proinflammatory monocyte-derived macrophages were abundant in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients with severe COVID-9. Moderate cases were characterized by the presence of highly clonally expanded CD8+ T cells. This atlas of the bronchoalveolar immune microenvironment suggests potential mechanisms underlying pathogenesis and recovery in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Análise de Célula Única , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/virologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(9)2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365944

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) initiates the cytokine/chemokine storm-mediated lung injury. The SARS-CoV unique domain (SUD) with three macrodomains (N, M, and C), showing the G-quadruplex binding activity, was examined the possible role in SARS pathogenesis in this study. The chemokine profile analysis indicated that SARS-CoV SUD significantly up-regulated the expression of CXCL10, CCL5 and interleukin (IL)-1ß in human lung epithelial cells and in the lung tissues of the mice intratracheally instilled with the recombinant plasmids. Among the SUD subdomains, SUD-MC substantially activated AP-1-mediated CXCL10 expression in vitro. In the wild type mice, SARS-CoV SUD-MC triggered the pulmonary infiltration of macrophages and monocytes, inducing CXCL10-mediated inflammatory responses and severe diffuse alveolar damage symptoms. Moreover, SUD-MC actuated NOD-, LRR- and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-dependent pulmonary inflammation, as confirmed by the NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor and the NLRP3-/- mouse model. This study demonstrated that SARS-CoV SUD modulated NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent CXCL10-mediated pulmonary inflammation, providing the potential therapeutic targets for developing the antiviral agents.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Vírus da SARS/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Quimiocina CXCL10/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/deficiência , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Pneumonia/patologia , Pneumonia/virologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/patologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/virologia , Regulação para Cima , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/genética
14.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 400: 115041, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428593

RESUMO

Respiratory ailments have plagued occupational and public health communities exposed to World Trade Center (WTC) dust since the September 11, 2001 attack on the Twin Towers in Lower Manhattan. We proposed that these ailments were proposed to be induced by inhalation exposure to WTC particulate matter (WTCPM), that was released during the collapse of the buildings and its subsequent resuspension during cleanup. We investigated this hypothesis using both an in vitro and an in vivo mouse intranasal (IN) exposure models to identify the inflammatory potential of WTCPM with specific emphasis on respiratory and endothelial tissue responses. The in vitro exposure studies found WTCPM exposure to be positively correlated with cytotoxicity and increased NO2- production in both BEAS-2B pulmonary epithelial cells and THP-1 macrophage cells. The in vivo C57BL/6 mouse studies found significant increases in inflammatory markers including increases in polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) influx into nasal and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (NLF and BALF), as well as increased levels of total protein and cytokine/chemokines levels. Concurrently, NLF, BALF, and serum NO2- levels exhibited significant homeostatic temporal deviations as well as temporal myograohic aortic dysfunction in myography studies. Respiratory exposure to- and evidence -based retention of- WTCPM may have contributed to chronic systemic effects in exposed mice that r resembled to observed effects in WTCPM-exposed human populations. Collectively, these findings are reflective of WTCPM exposure and its effect(s) on respiratory and aortic tissues, highlighting potential dysfunctional pathways that may precipitate inflammatory events, while simultaneously altering homeostatic balances. The tight interplay between these balances, when chronically altered, may contribute to- or result in- chronically diseased pathological states.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Materiais de Construção/toxicidade , Poeira/análise , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais de Construção/análise , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação/análise , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Cavidade Nasal/efeitos dos fármacos , Cavidade Nasal/imunologia , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Ataques Terroristas de 11 de Setembro , Células THP-1
15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2607, 2020 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451375

RESUMO

Quantification of pathogen and host biomarkers is essential for the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of infectious diseases. Here, we demonstrate sensitive and rapid quantification of bacterial load and cytokines from human biological samples to generate actionable hypotheses. Our digital assay measures IL-6 and TNF-α proteins, gram-negative (GN) and gram-positive (GP) bacterial DNA, and the antibiotic-resistance gene blaTEM with femtomolar sensitivity. We use our method to characterize bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients with asthma, and find elevated GN bacteria and IL-6 levels compared to healthy subjects. We then analyze plasma from patients with septic shock and find that increasing levels of IL-6 and blaTEM are associated with mortality, while decreasing IL-6 levels are associated with recovery. Surprisingly, lower GN bacteria levels are associated with higher probability of death. Applying decision-tree analysis to our measurements, we are able to predict mortality and rate of recovery from septic shock with over 90% accuracy.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , DNA Bacteriano/sangue , Choque Séptico/imunologia , Choque Séptico/microbiologia , Asma/imunologia , Asma/microbiologia , Carga Bacteriana , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/microbiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/análise , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Árvores de Decisões , Genes Bacterianos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/genética , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/isolamento & purificação , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos/imunologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-6/sangue , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Choque Séptico/mortalidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Resistência beta-Lactâmica/genética
16.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 331, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IL-6 was associated with the severity of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP). But the relationship between IL-27 and MPP was unknown. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients with MPP < 14 years old were enrolled in this study and divided into groups by severity (mild cases and severe cases), infection types (MP single infection group and MP mixed infection group) and DNA loads (low MP DNA loads group and high MP DNA loads group), respectively. Fifteen children with foreign bodies in bronchus were also enrolled as control. IL-6 s and IL-27 s in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALFs) from these children were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: There were significant differences in IL-6 s of BALFs from patients between mild cases and severe cases, MP single infection group and MP mixed infection group, and low MP DNA loads group and high MP DNA loads group, respectively (P < 0.05). Compared with IL-6 s of BALFs from control, IL-6 s in BALFs from the 6 patient groups were significantly higher (P < 0.05). IL-27 s in BALFs from MP mixed infection group were significantly lower than those from MP single infection group and control (P < 0.05) respectively. CONCLUSION: IL-6 was firmly associated with MPP and had potential application in clinical practice while IL-27 was not related to MP infection.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucinas/análise , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/genética , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/imunologia , Adolescente , Carga Bacteriana/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
17.
Toxicol Lett ; 328: 52-60, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320776

RESUMO

Ambient PM2.5 was collected during the winter season from Taiyuan, Shanxi, China; Jinan, Shandong, China; and Sacramento, California, USA, and used to create PMSX, PMSD, and PMCA extracts, respectively. Time-lag experiments were performed to explore the in vivo and in vitro toxicity of the PM extracts. In vivo inflammatory lung responses were assessed in BALB/c mice using a single oropharyngeal aspiration (OPA) of PM extract or vehicle (CTRL) on Day 0. Necropsies were performed on Days 1, 2, and 4 post-OPA, and pulmonary effects were determined using bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and histopathology. On Day 1, BAL neutrophils were significantly elevated in all PM- versus CTRL-exposed mice, with PMCA producing the strongest response. However, histopathological scoring showed greater alveolar and perivascular effects in PMSX-exposed mice compared to all three other groups. By Day 4, BAL neutrophilia and tissue inflammation were resolved, similar across all groups. In vitro effects were examined in human HepG2 hepatocytes, and U937 cells following 6, 24, or 48 h of exposure to PM extract or DMSO (control). Luciferase reporter and quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays were used to determine in vitro effects on aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation and gene transcription, respectively. Though all three PM extracts activated AhR, PMSX produced the greatest increases in AhR activation, and mRNA levels of cyclooxygenase-2, cytochrome P450, interleukin (IL)-8, and interleukin (IL)-1ß. These effects were assumed to result from a greater abundance of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in PMSX compared to PMSD and PMCA.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , California , China , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Exposição por Inalação/análise , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Tamanho da Partícula , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Células U937
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(16): 9042-9053, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241891

RESUMO

RNA has been proposed as an important scaffolding factor in the nucleus, aiding protein complex assembly in the dense intracellular milieu. Architectural contributions of RNA to cytosolic signaling pathways, however, remain largely unknown. Here, we devised a multidimensional gradient approach, which systematically locates RNA components within cellular protein networks. Among a subset of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) cosedimenting with the ubiquitin-proteasome system, our approach unveiled ncRNA MaIL1 as a critical structural component of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) immune signal transduction pathway. RNA affinity antisense purification-mass spectrometry (RAP-MS) revealed MaIL1 binding to optineurin (OPTN), a ubiquitin-adapter platforming TBK1 kinase. MaIL1 binding stabilized OPTN, and consequently, loss of MaIL1 blunted OPTN aggregation, TBK1-dependent IRF3 phosphorylation, and type I interferon (IFN) gene transcription downstream of TLR4. MaIL1 expression was elevated in patients with active pulmonary infection and was highly correlated with IFN levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Our study uncovers MaIL1 as an integral RNA component of the TLR4-TRIF pathway and predicts further RNAs to be required for assembly and progression of cytosolic signaling networks in mammalian cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Infecções Respiratórias/imunologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Buffy Coat/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/sangue , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Macrófagos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosforilação/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , RNA não Traduzido/sangue , RNA não Traduzido/genética , RNA-Seq , Infecções Respiratórias/sangue , Infecções Respiratórias/microbiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e920583, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Bifidobacteria are among the probiotics used in treating intestinal diseases and are rarely used for allergic asthma treatment. The present study investigated the mechanism of B. infantis in treating allergic asthma in mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 40 male Balb/c mice were randomized into control, ovalbumin (OVA), montelukast (Mon), and B. infantis (B10) groups, and allergic asthma was induced in the OVA, Mon, and B10 groups. Airway reactivity was measured on day 29 by methacholine at various doses. The numbers of total cells and inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were counted by blood cell counter and Diff-Quik staining. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissues. Total IgE and OVA-specific IgE in serum were measured by ELISA. Mucin 5AC expression was detected by Western blot to evaluate airway obstruction. The levels of Th1 (IFN-γ, IL-2) and Th2 (IL-4, IL-5, IL-13) cytokines in BALF and tissues were detected by ELISA and qRT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS The mice in the OVA group had airway hyperreactivity, while the symptoms in the B10 group and Mon group were effectively relieved. B10 reduced the number of inflammatory cells in BALF as well as inflammatory cell infiltration in tissues. Moreover, the levels of total serum IgE, OVA-specific IgE, and Mucin 5AC were increased in the OVA group, but were reduced in the Mon group and B10 group. B. infantis increased the levels of Th1 cytokines and decreased those of Th2 cytokines. CONCLUSIONS B. infantis can reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells induced by OVA-specific antibodies in mice. B. infantis has therapeutic effects on allergic asthma by promoting Th1 and inhibiting Th2 immune responses.


Assuntos
Asma/terapia , Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Células Th1/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th2/imunologia
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 195: 110491, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213367

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have reported short-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure to increase incidence of asthma, related to the increase of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR); however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Aim of this study was to elucidate the role of kallikrein in PM2.5-induced airway hyperresponsiveness and understand the underlying mechanism. Nose-only PM2.5 exposure system was used to generate a mouse model of airway hyperresponsiveness. Compared with the control group, PM2.5 exposure could significantly increase airway resistance, lung inflammation, kallikrein expression of bronchi-lung tissue and bradykinin (BK) secretion. However, these changes could be alleviated by kallikrein inhibitor. In addition,PM2.5 could increase the viability of human airway smooth muscle cells (hASMCs), accompanied by increased expression of kallikrein 14 (Klk14), bradykinin 2 receptor (B2R), bradykinin secretion and cytosol calcium level, while kallikrein 14 gene knockdown could significantly amelioratethe above response induced by PM2.5. Taken together, the data suggested kallikrein to play a key role in PM2.5-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, and that it could be a potential therapeutic target in asthma.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Bradicinina/metabolismo , Calicreínas/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/imunologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA