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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1345-1355, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047690

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have demonstrated an association between obesity, periodontitis, and exercise. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the effects of regular exercise on obese women with periodontal disease, using serum, saliva, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples. A before-after study design was adopted to evaluate the effects of 12 weeks of regular exercise on obese women grouped according to periodontal status, without a control group (no exercise). The study sample comprised of 15 patients without periodontitis (NP group) and 10 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP group), from whom periodontal parameters were measured and serum, saliva, and GCF samples were collected. Body mass index (BMI), anthropometric measurements, somatotype-motoric tests, and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) were recorded at baseline and after exercise. Subjects and Methods: Med Calc was used for statistical analysis. Results: After exercise, a significant decrease in BMI and a significant increase in VO2max were observed in both groups. A significant decrease in probing depth and clinical attachment loss, serum leptin, GCF tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and leptin, and a significant increase in GCF resistin were observed in the CP group. A significant decrease in serum TNF-α and leptin levels and a significant increase in serum resistin and GCF TNF-α, leptin, resistin, and adiponectin levels were observed in the NP group. Significant correlations between bleeding on probing and levels of interleukin-1ß and leptin in GCF were observed in the CP group. Conclusions: This study showed that regular exercise exerts different impacts with respect to clinical and biochemical aspects of periodontal and systemic conditions in obese women.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/metabolismo , Periodontite Crônica/complicações , Periodontite Crônica/metabolismo , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Obesidade/complicações , Saliva/química , Adipocinas/sangue , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Periodontite Crônica/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/metabolismo , Bolsa Periodontal/metabolismo , Resistina/sangue , Resistina/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
2.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(4): 520-525, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107450

RESUMO

Background: Omentin is an adipocytokine secreted by visceral adipose tissue cells associated with the action of insulin-increasing, insulin-facilitated glucose uptake. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the levels of omentin in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum of periodontally healthy individuals and chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Settings and Design: A hospital-based comparative study was conducted amongst 40 subjects of age group 30-50 years. Methods: Subjects were divided into four groups, group I (10 healthy individuals), group II (10 T2DM), group III (10 CP only) and group IV (10 patients with CP and T2DM). Clinical and systemic parameters assessed were gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), probing pocket depth (PPD), periodontal attachment level (PAL) and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). Serum and GCF samples were collected and analysed for omentin levels using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Although the mean GCF omentin levels were highest in group I and lowest in group IV, it was not statistically significant. However, the serum omentin levels were statistically significant, showing the highest mean level in group I and lowest in group IV and serum levels were statistically significant. Also, the serum omentin levels had a negative correlation with HbA1c. Conclusion: The levels of omentin reflect the diabetic status of an individual, which suggests that omentin can be a potential anti-inflammatory marker and a therapeutic agent for conditions like CP and T2DM.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Índice Periodontal
3.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 390-395, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089288

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the osteosclerin level and bacterial distribution in periodontitis patients at different stages, and to analyze the correlation between osteosclerin and the parameters of conventional periodontal examination. METHODS: Patients with periodontitis admitted to Guangzhou Huadu Maternal and Child Health Hospital from March 2017 to June 2019 were selected and divided into stage Ⅱ group (n=27), stage Ⅲ group (n=42) and stage Ⅳ group (n=22) according to the severity of periodontitis; meanwhile, 30 healthy individuals underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were selected as control group. Gingival crevicular fluid and plaque at buccal and lingual sites were collected for bacterial culture. The expression of osteosclerotin in gingival crevicular fluid was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The data were processed by SPSS 23.0 software package. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between BI grade and osteosclerin, and correlation between PD, CAL and osteosclerin was determined by Pearson analysis. RESULTS: The mean PD and mean CAL of patients in stage Ⅱ group before and after treatment were significantly smaller than those in stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ group (P<0.05). The mean CAL of stage Ⅳ group before treatment was significantly greater than that of stage Ⅲ group (P<0.05). After treatment, the mean PD and mean CAL of three groups were all significantly smaller than those before treatment (P<0.05). The mean PD in stage Ⅲ group was significantly lower than that in stage Ⅳ group after treatment (P<0.05). Before treatment, the proportion of BI grade 2 in stage Ⅱ group was significantly higher than that in stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ group (85.19%, 19.05%, 18.18%, P<0.05). Before treatment, the proportion of BI grade 3 in stage Ⅲ group was significantly higher than that in stage Ⅱ group (64.29%, 14.81%, P<0.05). Before the treatment, the expression of osteosclerosis protein in stage Ⅱ group was significantly lower than that in stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ group (P<0.05). The levels of osteosclerin expression of three groups after treatment were all significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). The expression of osteosclerosis protein in stage Ⅱ group was significantly lower than that in stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ group after treatment (P<0.05). PD, CAL and BI of patients with different stages of periodontitis were positively correlated with osclerosin in gingival crevicular fluid before and after treatment (P<0.05). The number of bacteria detected in stage Ⅳ group was significantly higher than that in stage Ⅲ group and stage Ⅱ group. The main bacteria in each group were anaerobic bacteria. The dominant bacteria were Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Actinobacillus actinomycetes, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Prevotella melaninogenicus. CONCLUSIONS: The expression level of osteosclerosin is closely related to PD, CAL and BI grades in patients with periodontitis, and bacterial colonization levels in gingival crevicular fluid and dental plaque in patients with periodontitis at different stages are different. Detection of osclerosin level and identification of periodontal microorganism culture have high clinical value in clinical diagnosis of periodontitis severity and can provide reference for selection of subsequent treatment plan.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Osteosclerose , Criança , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia
4.
J Int Acad Periodontol ; 22(4): 223-230, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980834

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the use of ω-3 fatty acids and low-dose aspirin as adjuncts to periodontal debridement in a patient with periodontitis and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Periodontal and systemic parameters were assessed at baseline and 6 months. Gingival crevicular fluid was analyzed for interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6 and interferon (IFN)-γ levels by multiplex ELISA at baseline, 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: The treatment was effective in reducing probing depth, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing and plaque index, and glycated hemoglobin, triglycerides IL-1ß, IL-6 and IFN-γ levels over time. CONCLUSIONS: The adjunctive use of ω-3 and low-dose aspirin to periodontal debridement might have potential benefits in the treatment of periodontitis in a patient with metabolic syndrome.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Síndrome Metabólica , Aspirina , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal
5.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 815-822, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895666

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A novel acute-phase protein, YKL-40, is known as an inflammation-associated glycoprotein. YKL-40 is shown to be linked to inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and tissue remodeling secreted by various cells and is also considered to be stimulated by cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6). The present study aimed to investigate YKL-40 and IL-6 levels in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) after non-surgical periodontal therapy for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six CP patients and 26 periodontally healthy individuals were enrolled. Clinical measurements were recorded; saliva and GCF samples were obtained at baseline and 1 and 3 months after non-surgical periodontal therapy. Levels of YKL-40 and IL-6 in saliva and GCF were analysed by ELISA. RESULTS: Salivary and GCF YKL-40 and IL-6 levels were found to be statistically significantly higher in CP patients compared to healthy controls at baseline (p < 0.001). At 1 and 3 months after the completion of treatment, both YKL-40 and IL-6 levels in saliva and GCF had statistically significantly decreased compared with baseline values in CP patients (p < 0.001). On the other hand, no statistically significant difference was observed between 1 and 3 months in terms of salivary and GCF YKL-40 and IL-6 levels or any of the clinical findings (p > 0.016). CONCLUSION: Salivary and GCF YKL-40 levels may be useful to evaluate resolution of periodontal inflammation. Within the limits of this study, YKL-40 acute-phase protein might be a potential biomarker for detection of periodontitis and monitoring the response to periodontal therapy.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3 , Humanos , Interleucina-6/análise , Saliva/química
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 256, 2020 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthodontically-induced root resorption is an iatrogenic effect and it cannot be examined regularly due to the harmful effects of sequential doses of radiation with more frequent radiography. This study aims to compare protein abundance (PA) of pre-treatment and during orthodontic treatment for root resorption and to determine potential early markers for root resorption. METHODS: Ten subjects (n = 10) who had upper and lower fixed appliances (MBT, 3 M Unitek, 0.022″ × 0.028″) were recruited for this study. Human gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was obtained using periopaper strips at pre-treatment (T0), 1 month (T1), 3 months (T3), and 6 months (T6) of orthodontic treatment. Periapical radiographs of the upper permanent central incisors were taken at T0 and T6 to measure the amount of root resorption. Identification of changes in PA was performed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Student's t-test was then performed to determine the significance of the differences in protein abundance before and after orthodontic treatment. RESULTS: Our findings showed that all ten subjects had mild root resorption, with an average resorption length of 0.56 ± 0.30 mm. A total of 186 proteins were found to be commonly present at T0, T1, T3, and T6. There were significant changes in the abundance of 16 proteins (student's t-test, p ≤ 0.05). The increased PA of S100A9, immunoglobulin J chain, heat shock protein 1A, immunoglobulin heavy variable 4-34 and vitronectin at T1 suggested a response to stress that involved inflammation during the early phase of orthodontic treatment. On the other hand, the increased PA of thymidine phosphorylase at T3 suggested growth promotion and, angiogenic and chemotactic activities. CONCLUSIONS: The identified proteins can be potential early markers for root resorption based on the increase in their respective PA and predicted roles during the early phase of orthodontic treatment. Non-invasive detection of root resorption using protein markers as early as possible is extremely important as it can aid orthodontists in successful orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Biomarcadores/análise , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Humanos , Incisivo , Proteômica , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(3): 433-438, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769279

RESUMO

Introduction: Bidi, a leaf rolled cigarette, is the most popular form of smoking in India. Bidi cigarette contains higher tar, ammonia, and nicotine content than a conventional cigarette and is more hazardous. Aim of Study: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of bidi smoking on periodontitis by assessing the interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-8 from a gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients were selected, which included 40 patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis (20 bidi smokers and 20 non-bidi smokers) and 20 periodontal healthy controls. Diseased and healthy sites were selected from each of the chronic periodontitis subjects. Clinical parameters assessed were plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), periodontal probing depth (PPD), recession (RC), and clinical attachment level (CAL). Pooled GCF samples were taken from the same site and analyzed for IL-1ß and IL-8 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Bidi smokers displayed decreased levels of IL-1ß and IL-8 than non-bidi smokers for both healthy and diseased sites and significantly reduced IL-8 levels among bidi smokers when compared to controls. Among bidi smokers, the diseased site had significantly higher levels of IL-8 than the healthy site. Non-smoker subjects with chronic periodontitis especially diseased sites contained significantly higher amounts of IL-1ß and IL-8 than smokers and controls. The PI scores were highest among bidi smokers with reduced BOP and GI scores. Conclusions: Bidi smoking influenced the cytokine profile among periodontitis patients exhibiting decreased levels of IL-1ß and IL-8.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Fumar Cigarros , Produtos do Tabaco , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Humanos , Índia , Interleucina-1beta , Interleucina-8
8.
J Periodontal Res ; 55(6): 887-894, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790178

RESUMO

THE OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze active matrix metalloproteinase (aMMP-8) levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), saliva and serum in the context of new criteria of gingivitis and stage 3 grade C periodontitis. THE BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is an inflammatory process that can result in tooth loss and also is considered a modifying factor for systemic health. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 is the major collagenase of periodontal tissue breakdown. METHODS: Totally 83 systemically healthy and non-smoker individuals consisting of 23 periodontally healthy, 20 gingivitis and 40 stage 3 periodontitis, were recruited to the study. Clinical periodontal examinations of probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded; and GCF, saliva and serum samples were obtained. aMMP-8 was measured by immunofluorometric assay (IFMA). RESULTS: GCF and serum aMMP-8 levels were significantly increased in periodontitis and gingivitis compared to healthy ones (P < .001), whereas gingivitis and periodontitis patients showed similar levels of aMMP-8 in GCF and serum (P > .05). Saliva levels of aMMP-8 were higher in periodontitis patients than both gingivitis and healthy individuals (P < .001). There was no significant difference in salivary aMMP-8 levels between gingivitis group and healthy controls (P > .05). CONCLUSION: These findings support the involvement of aMMP-8 in periodontal diseases and suggest that its local and systemic levels can reflect stage 3 grade C periodontitis. Moreover, aMMP-8 in GCF and serum seems to have a potential to differentiate between gingivitis and periodontal health.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz , Periodontite , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Gengivite/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz/metabolismo , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Saliva
9.
J Periodontal Res ; 55(6): 801-809, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-surgical periodontal treatment (NSPT) is widely employed for the treatment of periodontal disease and yields significant clinical improvements. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) can be used to profile health and disease, and recent technological advances, such as multiplex bead immunoassays, are promising in identifying a wider array of GCF factors with the ultimate aim to predict the treatment response. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the expression of GCF markers using multiplex bead immunoassays before treatment and during early, average, or late healing period, following non-surgical periodontal treatment (NSPT). METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted by two independent examiners (VK and NC) in MEDLINE, EMBASE, OpenGrey, LILACS, and Cochrane Library up to January 2020. The PICO question formulated was as follows: "In patients with periodontal disease, does the expression of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) markers detected using multiplex bead immunoassay differ at baseline compared with early (≤30 days), average (6-8 weeks), or late (≥3 months) healing after intervention?" RESULTS: A total of 366 publications were obtained and reviewed for eligibility for inclusion. Of these, 12 publications fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the present review. Data for a total of 31 different GCF markers were extracted and summarized for early, average, or late healing after NSPT. Early healing following NSPT (≤ 30 days) indicated an increase in IL-1ß, TNFα, and IL-10. At the average healing period (6-8 weeks), IL-1ß, IL-1α, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, GM-CSF, MCP-1, and MIP-1α were all reduced, compared to their respective baseline values. Three months after NSPT, IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and IFN-γ were detected at reduced levels, compared to pre-treatment levels. Overall, the changes following treatment indicated a reduction of inflammation present at baseline. CONCLUSION: Following non-surgical periodontal treatment, an upregulation of inflammation markers is noted early post-operatively and a subsequent reduction of their levels three months following treatment. The investigation of levels of GCF markers associated with inflammation and regeneration, especially using multiplex bead immunoassay technologies, is a valuable tool to better understand the processes associated with healing following periodontal treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Citocinas , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Citocinas/metabolismo , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Periodontia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
10.
Cell Prolif ; 53(10): e12886, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diabetes aggravates the risk and severity of periodontitis, but the specific mechanism remains confused. Complement 3 (C3) is closely related to complications of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the present study, we concentrated on whether C3 mediates the development of periodontitis in T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Levels of C3 in blood and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients were measured first. A C3-knockout diabetic mouse model was established, real-time PCR, Western blotting and histological investigation were performed to evaluate the progress of periodontitis. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) and TRAP staining were performed to detect alveolar bone resorption. Immunofluorescence was performed to detect polarization of macrophages. RESULTS: Our data showed that C3 levels were elevated in the blood and GCF of T2DM patients compared with non-diabetic individuals. Increased C3 was closely related to the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), as well as the decline of the bone volume density (BMD) and bone volume over total volume (BV/TV) of the alveolar bones in diabetic mice. The deletion of C3 inhibited inflammatory cytokines and rescued the decreased BMD and BV/TV of the alveolar bones. C3-mediated polarization of macrophages was responsible for the damage. CONCLUSION: T2DM-related upregulation of C3 contributes to the development of periodontitis by promoting macrophages M1 polarization and inhibiting M2 polarization, triggering a pro-inflammatory effect on periodontal tissues.


Assuntos
Complemento C3/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Processo Alveolar/fisiologia , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Complemento C3/análise , Complemento C3/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/etiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(3): 32-36, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608946

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of determining the level of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the gingival fluid in patients with chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP) and exacerbation of inflammatory periodontal diseases in patients with cancer of the oral mucosa (OM). A clinical study was carried out with the participation of 60 patients with CGP (group 1) and 22 patients with cancer of OM (group 2) of the T1-2N0M0 stage, as well as 15 healthy individuals with no revealed periodontal pathology. CGP patients, depending on the depth of periodontal pockets (PC), were divided into two subgroups - with a mild degree (PC depth up to 3.5 mm) and an average degree (PC depth from 4 to 6 mm). Group 2 patients were also divided into two subgroups - with exacerbation of CGP (n=12) and patients with no complications (n=10). The content of HIF-1α in the gingival fluid was determined by enzyme immunoassay. The results of the study made it possible to establish that in patients of group 1, the concentration of HIF-1α in inflammatory exudate increased by 2.4 times (p<0.001) compared with the control group. The concentration of HIF-1α in the contents of periodontal pockets in patients with CGP depended on the severity of the disease: with mild CGP, it did not differ from the control group, and with moderate CGP it was 3.15 times higher (p<0.001). In patients with cancer of OM, the concentration of HIF-1α in the gingival fluid did not depend on the presence of inflammatory periodontal lesions and was determined by a multiple increase in the biomarker level (7.5 times) due to the development of a malignant process in the oral cavity. Therefore, monitoring the concentration of HIF-1α in the gingival fluid is informative in patients with CGP in assessing the severity of periodontal conditions, as well as in differential diagnosis with malignant formations of the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Periodonto , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Hipóxia , Ligamento Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal
12.
J Int Acad Periodontol ; 22(3): 90-99, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Human beta-defensins (hBDs) play an important role in the susceptibility to periodontitis. This study aimed to evaluate the levels of hBD-2 and hBD-3 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of individuals with and without periodontitis. METHODS: Twenty periodontally healthy individuals (H) and 20 with periodontitis (P) were recruited. GCF samples were collected from healthy sites (Hh; n=20) from H individuals; and from healthy sites (Ph; n=20), sites with gingival inflammation but no attachment loss (Pg; n=20) and sites with inflammation and attachment loss (Pp; n=20) from P individuals. Levels of hBDs (pg/mL) were determined using ELISA. Comparisons between individuals and among sites were performed through hierarchical linear modelling. RESULTS: GCF levels [median(Q3-Q1)] of hBD-2 were: Hh=4.80 (0.00-30.69); Ph=33.29 (28.04-38.25); Pg=27.56 (23.14-35.50); and Pp=26.20 (23.20-42.54); and of hBD-3 were: Hh=0.00 (0.00-0.00); Ph=978.44 (760.48-1268.12); Pg=938.19 (806.75- 1266.38); and Pp=613.63 (325.50-854.68). Periodontitis at the individual level was associated with higher levels of hBD-2 (p=0.023) and hBD-3 (p greater than 0.001). No influence of site phenotype was observed on hBDs levels. CONCLUSION: Individuals with periodontitis presented higher levels of hBD-2 and hBD-3 in the GCF. These levels seemed to be influenced by periodontitis at the individual level but not by periodontal site.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Periodontite , beta-Defensinas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos
13.
J Endod ; 46(10): 1428-1437, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702349

RESUMO

INTRODUTION: The aim of this study was to compare levels of neurokinin A (NKA), substance P (SP), interleukin (IL)-8, and matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) in pulp tissue and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples of healthy and symptomatic irreversible pulpitis teeth. METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with healthy and symptomatic irreversible pulpitis teeth were included in this study. NKA, SP, IL-8, and MMP-8 levels were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test after pulp and GCF samples were obtained from healthy (n = 20) and symptomatic irreversible pulpitis teeth (n = 20). GCF sampling of 40 teeth was repeated 1 week later. Routine root canal treatment procedures of the teeth were performed, and the treatment process was completed. As a control group, GCF samples were taken from the contralateral teeth in both groups. Statistical analysis was performed using dependent and independent t tests, analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U tests, and Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS: Comparing the groups, all mediator levels were significantly higher in the pulp samples in the pulpitis group compared with the healthy group (NKA: P < .001, SP: P = .005, IL-8: P < .001, and MMP-8: P < .001). Likewise, in the pulpitis group, all mediator levels were significantly higher in the first GCF samples compared with the healthy group (NKA: P = .01, SP: P < .001, IL-8: P = .001, and MMP-8: P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: It was observed that NKA, SP, IL-8, and MMP-8 increased significantly in pulp tissue and GCF specimens of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis teeth compared with pulp tissue and GCF specimens of healthy teeth. Second, it was determined that NKA, SP, IL-8, and MMP-8 levels decreased significantly in GCF samples in teeth diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis 1 week after the removal of inflamed pulp. Finally, SP, IL-8, and MMP-8 levels were found to be higher in pulp tissue samples of the patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with higher pain scores than those with low pain scores.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Interleucina-8 , Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz , Neurocinina A/análise , Substância P
14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 217-220, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626889

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical effects of oral implant restoration in patients with dentition defects and the its impact on tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) levels in gingival crevicular fluid. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with dentition defects from May 2017 to August 1919 in People's Hospital of Shanghai Pudong District were enrolled and randomly divided into control group (n=42) and experimental group (n=42). Patients in the control group were repaired by routine methods,while those in the experimental group were treated with oral implant restoration. The effect of restoration was evaluated 6 months after treatment. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 in the gingival crevicular fluid and dental function were compared between the 2 groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 software package. RESULTS: The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the experimental group and the control group after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment (P<0.05). The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group 6 months after treatment (P<0.05). The scores of dental function in the experimental group and the control group were significantly higher than those before treatment (P<0.05). The scores of retention, speech, chewing and aesthetics of the experimental group 6 months after treatment were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of infection, pricking, post and core loosing and teeth missing in the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In the treatment of patients with dentition defects, implant restoration has little effect on the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in gingival crevicular fluid, which is helpful to improve dental function and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, it is worthwhile to be popularized in clinical application.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , China , Dentição , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Índice Periodontal , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
15.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(4): 27-32, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692516

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to analyze possible correlation between the concentration of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 and the activation marker of osteoclasts cathepsin K in the gingival fluid during osteoresorption of inflammatory (periimplantitis, chronic generalized periodontitis) and malignant oncological origin (malignant neoplasm of gums). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 87 individuals of both sexes aged 30 to 60: 20 patients (group 1) with periimplantitis, 30 people with chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP) (group 2), 22 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the upper and lower alveolar bone gingiva (group 3), 15 healthy individuals without periodontal disease. RESULTS: The concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and cathepsin K was determined in the gingival fluid by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The examination revealed that during CGP and peri-implantitis the accumulation of IL-6 in the contents of periodontal and peri-implantation pockets was a pathogenetic factor for the activation of osteoclasts and their secretion of proteolytic enzymes osteoresorption. In cancer the increase of cathepsin K expression was a lot higher than the accumulation of IL-6 in the gingival fluid reducing the dependence of the activation of osteoclasts on the local accumulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Conclusion. To formulate the prognosis of progressive bone loss in patients with peri-implantitis it is necessary to control the concentration of IL-6 and cathepsin K in the peri-implantation pocket, in case of CGP the concentration of IL-6 in the exudate of the periodontal pocket and in patients with cancer of the alveolar processes the content of cathepsin K of gingival fluid.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Periodontite Crônica , Peri-Implantite , Adulto , Feminino , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Med Hypotheses ; 143: 110124, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721813

RESUMO

Utilising biomarkers for COVID-19 diagnosis, prediction of treatment response and overall prognostication have been investigated recently. However, these ventures have only considered the use of blood-based molecular markers. Saliva is another biofluid that warrants being applied in similar fashion with major advantages that centres on its non-invasive and repeatable collection as well as cost-efficiency. To this end, this article presents a hypothesis for the sources of biomarkers useful clinically for COVID-19 disease outcome estimation and identify the likely implications of their detection in saliva.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Biomarcadores/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Modelos Imunológicos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Saliva/química , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Citocinas/análise , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Vesículas Extracelulares , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Humanos , MicroRNAs/análise , Doenças da Boca/complicações , Doenças da Boca/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Saliva/imunologia , Saliva/virologia , Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Glândulas Salivares/virologia , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/análise
17.
Arch Oral Biol ; 117: 104827, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess whether or not Vitamin D deficiency was associated with the GCF and gingival tissue antimicrobial peptides (AMP), namely, human beta defensin-2 (hBD-2) and cathelicidin (LL-37) level in chronic periodontitis (CP) and gingivitis patients. DESIGN: A total of 80 volunteers were included in this study. Forty was classified as Vitamin D deficient (25(OH)D <20 ng/mL), and 40 Vitamin D sufficient patients (25(OH)D ≥ 20 ng/mL). Of these, 20 of them were affected by gingivitis and 20 by CP. Following sampling, the hBD-2 and LL-37 concentration in gingival tissues and GCF were determined by the ELISA method. RESULTS: The hBD-2 and LL-37 levels were higher in periodontitis compared to gingivitis patients within Vitamin D sufficient and deficient groups. The AMP levels of GCF and gingival tissue in the vitamin D deficient group was lower compared to sufficient serum 25(OH)D within gingivitis and CP groups. Additionally, a non-parametric regression model known as the generalized additive model was used to identify the contribution of diagnosis, Vitamin D status, and other potential clinical variables on the local levels of AMPs. Regression analysis showed that the periodontal disease status, serum vitamin D concentration were independent predictors for elevated GCF AMP levels. Finally, a positive correlation between GCF and tissue levels of both hBD-2 (r = 0.82; <0.0001) and LL-37 (r = 0.65; <0.0001) was detected. CONCLUSION: This study shows that serum 25(OH)D deficiency is associated with decreased hBD-2 and LL-37 expression of GCF and gingival tissues in both gingivitis and CP patients.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/metabolismo , Periodontite Crônica , Gengivite , Vitamina D/sangue , beta-Defensinas/metabolismo , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos
18.
J Oral Sci ; 62(3): 281-284, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493865

RESUMO

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease involving complex tripartite cross-interactions among bacterial, host and environment factors. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are a protein family produced in response to stress conditions. Hsps protect cells under adverse circumstances such as infection, inflammation and disease. One of the causes of periodontal disease is thought to be an imbalance in the expression of Hsps and anti-Hsp antibodies. Hsps are classified according to their molecular weight, and one of the major ones is Hsp70. In the present study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the levels of anti-Hsp70 antibody in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from two gingival sulci in each of nine patients with chronic periodontitis (CP): one healthy control (HC) site with a probing pocket depth (PPD) of ≤3 mm and one CP site with a PPD of >5 mm. Anti-Hsp70 antibody levels in GCF were higher at HC sites than at CP sites. Moreover, the anti-Hsp70 antibody levels were found to increase after initial periodontal therapy at both HC and CP sites. These results suggest an association of anti-Hsp70 antibody with periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70 , Humanos , Japão , Índice Periodontal
19.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 250-255, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the differences of B cells, plasma cells, and related cytokines expression in gingival tissues between periodontitis and periodontal healthy subjects. METHODS: Gingival tissues were collected from periodontal healthy subjects (periodontal healthy group, n=12) and periodontitis patients (periodontitis group, n=15). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used for histopathological examination. Immunohistochemical staining (CD19, CD38, and CD138) was applied to detect the expression of B cells and plasma cells. B cell-activating factor (BAFF) and soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (sRANKL) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Extensive inflam-matory cell infiltration was found in the gingival tissues of the periodontitis group. The number of CD19(+), CD38(+), and CD138(+) cells of the periodontitis group was significantly higher than that of the periodontal healthy group (P<0.000 1). BAFF and sRANKL levels of the periodontitis group were higher than those of the periodontal healthy group (P<0.01, P<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of B cells, plasma cells, and their related BAFF and sRANKL cytokines were significantly higher in periodon-titis patients than those in the periodontal healthy subjects, sug-gesting that B cells and plasma cells may be involved in the development of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Plasmócitos , Linfócitos B , Citocinas , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos
20.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(1): 97-101, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524131

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the expression of secreted frizzle-related protein 1 (SFRP1) and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in elderly patients with severe periodontitis and its correlation with cognitive function. METHODS: Thirty-two elderly patients with periodontitis in Qingdao Stomatological Hospital from February 2018 to February 2019 were enrolled, and divided into two groups according to the severity: mild group and severe group. All selected subjects received periodontal examination and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA).The expression of SFRP1 and MIF in serum was also determined. Then the correlations among SFRP1 and MIF periodontal index and cognitive function was analyzed. The data were processed by SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: The probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), sulcus bleeding index (SBI) and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) showed significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). The serum levels of SFRP1 and MIF in the severe group were significantly higher than those in the mild group (P<0.05). Serum SFRP1 level was positively correlated with MIF (P<0.05). Serum SFRP1 and MIF levels were positively correlated with periodontal index (P<0.05). The MoCA score of the severe group was significantly lower than that of the mild group (P<0.05). Serum SFRP1 and MIF levels were negatively correlated with MoCA score (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SFRP1 and MIF are highly expressed in serum and gingival tissues of elderly patients with severe periodontitis, and are closely related to the degree of periodontal damage. Meanwhile, patients with periodontitis may have some degree of cognitive dysfunction, and SFRP1 and MIF may affect the periodontal tissue structure through Wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway and participate in the occurrence and development of cognitive dysfunction.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Idoso , Cognição , Gengiva , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos , Proteínas de Membrana , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal
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