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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(12): e2029917, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315114

RESUMO

Importance: Patients with autoimmune disease and lung cancer pose a multidisciplinary treatment challenge, particularly with the advent of immunotherapy. However, the association between autoimmune disease and lung cancer survival is largely unknown. Objective: To determine the association between autoimmune disease and lung cancer survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study between 2003 and 2019 at a single academic medical center (Northwestern University). A query of the Northwestern Medicine Enterprise Data Warehouse identified 349 patients with lung cancer and several autoimmune diseases. Types of lung cancers included small cell, adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, non-small cell not otherwise specified, and large cell carcinoma. Autoimmune diseases included rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, mixed connective tissue disease, myositis, and Sjögren syndrome. Inclusion criteria were biopsy-confirmed lung cancer, autoimmune diagnosis confirmed by a rheumatologist, and death or an encounter listed in the electronic medical record within 2 years of study end. A control group of patients with biopsy-proven lung cancer but without autoimmune disease was identified. Data analysis was conducted from March to July 2020. Exposure: Presence of autoimmune disease. Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with autoimmune disease. The hypothesis was that patients with autoimmune disease would have worse progression-free survival and overall survival compared with patients in the control group. Results: Of the original 349 patients, 177 met inclusion criteria. Mean (SD) age at lung cancer diagnosis was 67.0 (10.0) years and 136 (76.8%) were women. Most common autoimmune diseases were rheumatoid arthritis (97 [54.8%]), systemic sclerosis (43 [24.3%]), and systemic lupus erythematous (15 [8.5%]). Most common lung cancers were adenocarcinoma (99 [55.9%]), squamous cell carcinoma (29 [16.4%]), and small cell lung cancer (17 [9.6%]). A total of 219 patients (mean [SD] age at diagnosis, 65.9 [4.1] years; 173 [79.0%]) were identified as having lung cancer without autoimmune disease and included in the control cohort. Compared with patients in the control group, patients with autoimmune disease experienced no difference in overall survival (log-rank P = .69). A total of 126 patients (69.5%) with autoimmune disease received standard of care vs 213 patients (97.3%) in the control group (P < .001). No individual autoimmune disease was associated with worse prognosis, even among patients with underlying interstitial lung disease. Conclusions and Relevance: Compared with institutional controls, patients with autoimmune disease experienced no difference in survival despite the fact that fewer patients in this group received standard-of-care treatment. No individual autoimmune disease was associated with worse prognosis. Future multicenter prospective trials are needed to further evaluate autoimmune disease and lung cancer survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pulmão/patologia , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Autoimunidade , Biópsia/métodos , Biópsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Comorbidade , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Pesquisa Interdisciplinar , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Noroeste dos Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Padrão de Cuidado/organização & administração , Padrão de Cuidado/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Sobrevida
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33376090

RESUMO

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an autoimmune liver disease characterised by the presence of autoantibodies including antinuclear antibodies, anti-smooth muscle antibody and hypergammaglobulinaemia. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic disease that can affect multiple organs. Coexistence of AIH and SLE as an overlap syndrome occurs in about 1%-2.6% of the AIH cases. Since both conditions share common autoimmune features, their coexistence can pose a diagnostic dilemma which can result in a delay in treatment. We present here a challenging case of a middle-aged woman with AIH in remission who later developed new-onset fatigue, pleural effusion and splenomegaly.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Hepatite Autoimune , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Derrame Pleural , Esplenomegalia , Biópsia/métodos , Comorbidade , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/diagnóstico , Hepatite Autoimune/epidemiologia , Hepatite Autoimune/imunologia , Hepatite Autoimune/terapia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico , Linfadenopatia/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Esplenomegalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Esplenomegalia/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(11): 20-24, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187031

RESUMO

Viruses have been shown to modify the clinical picture of several autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Viral infections have also been considered as a possible trigger for autoimmune disorders like myositis through myositis specific antibodies. Dermatomyositis is an acquired inflammatory myopathy which is relatively rare with incidence of 9.3 per 1 million persons. Usually we come across 1-2 patients of dermatomyositis per year, amongst 800-1000 new patients in our tertiary care rheumatology services. A surge in the incidence was noted this year during the months of April-August of 2020, the period coinciding with the occurrence of corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic in the city of Mumbai, the total number of cases encountered being five in a span of six months. The following case series includes five such cases with review of available literature on virus-triggered autoimmunity with special reference to SARS-CoV-2 and the challenges of immunosuppression during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Dermatomiosite , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia
4.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 32(6): 572-582, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890029

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is highlighting the most recent evidence on the clinical efficacy and toxicity of antimalarials in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). RECENT FINDINGS: New data confirm the effects of antimalarials in preventing SLE activity, damage and infections and in decreasing mortality. An important reduction in use of health resources is related to continued antimalarial use. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) may prevent preeclampsia in pregnant women with SLE. HCQ ocular toxicity is infrequent and could be associated with blood levels. Gastrointestinal and skin toxicity are underrecognized and could influence adherence. Prolongation of QT interval is extremely unusual with HCQ. Doses of HCQ of 200 mg/day seem to offer a good efficacy/toxicity balance. HCQ protection against herpes zoster and Pneumocystis jirovecii infection has been shown. On the contrary, HCQ prescription by doctors and adherence by patients are both under recommended standards. The recent coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has resulted in a significant shortage of HCQ in many countries with possible consequences in the correct treatment of lupus patients. SUMMARY: Recent evidence reinforces the central role of HCQ in SLE therapy. The reduction in activity, damage accrual and mortality is consistent across studies, countries and ethnical groups. On the contrary, and despite the well established beneficial effects of prolonged regular HCQ therapy, many SLE patients do never take this drug or it is eventually stopped in the setting of severe flares, pregnancy or presumed toxicity. Every effort must be made to assure the correct prescription of HCQ and not to withdraw the drug unless unequivocal signs of toxicity are present.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 50(5): 1150-1157, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic disease characterised by autoimmunity and increased susceptibility to infections. COVID-19 is a systemic viral disease currently spreading as a pandemic. Little is known about the impact of COVID-19 in patients with SLE. OBJECTIVE: to acquire information on the impact of COVID-19 in SLE. METHODS: A 26-item anonymous questionnaire investigating demographics, SLE clinical features, COVID-19 diagnoses and changes in treatments and daily habits was administered to patients with SLE from three referral centres through www.surveymonkey.com over 10 days. Data from the survey were compared to those from published estimates about the general population. RESULTS: Four-hundred-seventeen patients responded to the survey. More than 60% of subjects complained of symptoms that are also associated to COVID-19. Fourteen COVID-19 diagnoses (five confirmed by polymerase chain reaction) were reported, in contrast to a 0.73% prevalence of confirmed cases in Lombardy. One hospitalisation was reported. Fever, anosmia, dry cough, a self-reported history of neuropsychiatric SLE and a recent contact with confirmed COVID-19 cases were more strongly associated with COVID-19, as were symptoms and lower compliance to behavioural preventive measures in patients' contacts. No protective effect was seen in subjects on hydroxychloroquine. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 morbidity might only moderately be increased in most patients with SLE, although limited information can be inferred on more severe cases. Hydroxychloroquine apparently seems not to confer protection to infection per se, although other beneficial roles cannot be excluded. Containment policies and behavioural preventive measures could have a major role in limiting the impact of COVID-19 in patients with SLE.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Avaliação de Sintomas/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(11): 3195-3204, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852623

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Covid-19 infection poses a serious challenge for immune-compromised patients with inflammatory autoimmune systemic diseases. We investigated the clinical-epidemiological findings of 1641 autoimmune systemic disease Italian patients during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHOD: This observational multicenter study included 1641 unselected patients with autoimmune systemic diseases from three Italian geographical areas with different prevalence of Covid-19 [high in north (Emilia Romagna), medium in central (Tuscany), and low in south (Calabria)] by means of telephone 6-week survey. Covid-19 was classified as (1) definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease: presence of symptomatic Covid-19 infection, confirmed by positive oral/nasopharyngeal swabs; (2) highly suspected Covid-19 disease: presence of highly suggestive symptoms, in absence of a swab test. RESULTS: A significantly higher prevalence of patients with definite diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, or with highly suspected Covid-19 disease, or both the conditions together, was observed in the whole autoimmune systemic disease series, compared to "Italian general population" (p = .030, p = .001, p = .000, respectively); and for definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease, in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases of the three regions (p = .000, for all comparisons with the respective regional general population). Moreover, significantly higher prevalence of definite + highly suspected diagnosis of Covid-19 disease was found either in patients with various "connective tissue diseases" compared to "inflammatory arthritis group" (p < .000), or in patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs treatments (p = .011). CONCLUSIONS: The finding of a higher prevalence of Covid-19 in patients with autoimmune systemic diseases is particularly important, suggesting the need to develop valuable prevention/management strategies, and stimulates in-depth investigations to verify the possible interactions between Covid-19 infection and impaired immune-system of autoimmune systemic diseases. Key Points • Significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19 is observed in a large series of patients with autoimmune systemic diseases compared to the Italian general population, mainly due to patients' increased susceptibility to infections and favored by the high exposure to the virus at medical facilities before the restriction measures on individual movement. • The actual prevalence of Covid-19 in autoimmune systemic diseases may be underestimated, possibly due to the wide clinical overlapping between the two conditions, the generally mild Covid-19 disease manifestations, and the limited availability of virological testing. • Patients with "connective tissue diseases" show a significantly higher prevalence of Covid-19, possibly due to deeper immune-system impairment, with respect to "inflammatory arthritis group". • Covid-19 is more frequent in the subgroup of autoimmune systemic diseases patients without ongoing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, mainly hydroxyl-chloroquine and methotrexate, which might play some protective role against the most harmful manifestations of Covid-19.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo Indiferenciado/fisiopatologia
7.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(10): 1593-1598, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) and immunosuppressive therapies with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at an academic rheumatology center in Madrid and to identify baseline variables associated with a severe infection requiring hospitalization. METHODS: We identified SARS-CoV-2 positive cases by polymerase chain reaction performed at our center within an updated RMDs database in our clinic. Additional RMDs patients were identified when they contacted the clinic because of a positive infection. Data extraction included diagnosis, demographics, immunosuppressive treatment, comorbidities, and laboratory tests. Comparisons between patients with or without hospitalization were performed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze associations between baseline variables and need for hospitalization. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients with COVID-19 and underlying RMDs were identified by April 24, 2020. Median age was 60.9 years, and 42% men. Forty-two patients required hospitalization; these were more frequently men, older and with comorbidities. There were no statistically significant between-group differences for rheumatologic diagnosis and for baseline use of immunosuppressive therapy except for glucocorticoids that were more frequent in hospitalized patients. Total deaths were 10 (16%) patients. In multivariate analysis, male sex (odds ratio [OR], 8.63; p = 0.018), previous lung disease (OR, 27.47; p = 0.042), and glucocorticoids use (> 5 mg/day) (OR, 9.95; p = 0.019) were significantly associated to hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Neither specific RMD diagnoses or exposures to DMARDs were associated with increased odds of hospitalization. Being male, previous lung disease and exposure to glucocorticoids were associated with higher odds of hospitalization in RMDs patients.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia
8.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(12): 1544-1549, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The impact of inflammatory rheumatic diseases on COVID-19 severity is poorly known. Here, we compare the outcomes of a cohort of patients with rheumatic diseases with a matched control cohort to identify potential risk factors for severe illness. METHODS: In this comparative cohort study, we identified hospital PCR+COVID-19 rheumatic patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis (IA) or connective tissue diseases (CTDs). Non-rheumatic controls were randomly sampled 1:1 and matched by age, sex and PCR date. The main outcome was severe COVID-19, defined as death, invasive ventilation, intensive care unit admission or serious complications. We assessed the association between the outcome and the potential prognostic variables, adjusted by COVID-19 treatment, using logistic regression. RESULTS: The cohorts were composed of 456 rheumatic and non-rheumatic patients, in equal numbers. Mean age was 63 (IQR 53-78) years and male sex 41% in both cohorts. Rheumatic diseases were IA (60%) and CTD (40%). Most patients (74%) had been hospitalised, and the risk of severe COVID-19 was 31.6% in the rheumatic and 28.1% in the non-rheumatic cohort. Ageing, male sex and previous comorbidity (obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular or lung disease) increased the risk in the rheumatic cohort by bivariate analysis. In logistic regression analysis, independent factors associated with severe COVID-19 were increased age (OR 4.83; 95% CI 2.78 to 8.36), male sex (1.93; CI 1.21 to 3.07) and having a CTD (OR 1.82; CI 1.00 to 3.30). CONCLUSION: In hospitalised patients with chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases, having a CTD but not IA nor previous immunosuppressive therapies was associated with severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Monofosfato de Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Logísticos , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Polimialgia Reumática/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
9.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790983

RESUMO

The comorbidity of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a poorly studied problem. The issues of the pathogenetic relationship between these diseases, timely diagnosis of their co-existence in one patient, disease course and therapeutic approaches are the most relevant. The authors summarize current views on the state of the problem and analyze three clinical cases of NMOSD and SLE comorbidity including the diagnostic issues and therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Neuromielite Óptica , Aquaporina 4 , Autoanticorpos , Comorbidade , Humanos
10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(11): 1393-1399, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe patients with autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases (AIRD) who had COVID-19 disease; to compare patients who required hospital admission with those who did not and assess risk factors for hospital admission related to COVID-19. METHODS: An observational longitudinal study was conducted during the pandemic peak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (1 March 2020 to 24 April). All patients attended at the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Madrid, Spain with a medical diagnosis of AIRD and with symptomatic COVID-19 were included. The main outcome was hospital admission related to COVID-19. The covariates were sociodemographic, clinical and treatments. We ran a multivariable logistic regression model to assess risk factors for the hospital admission. RESULTS: The study population included 123 patients with AIRD and COVID-19. Of these, 54 patients required hospital admission related to COVID-19. The mean age on admission was 69.7 (15.7) years, and the median time from onset of symptoms to hospital admission was 5 (3-10) days. The median length of stay was 9 (6-14) days. A total of 12 patients died (22%) during admission. Compared with outpatients, the factors independently associated with hospital admission were older age (OR: 1.08; p=0.00) and autoimmune systemic condition (vs chronic inflammatory arthritis) (OR: 3.55; p=0.01). No statistically significant findings for exposure to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs were found in the final model. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that age and having a systemic autoimmune condition increased the risk of hospital admission, whereas disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs were not associated with hospital admission.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/epidemiologia , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Polimialgia Reumática/epidemiologia , Fatores de Proteção , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Espondiloartropatias/epidemiologia , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731600

RESUMO

Twitter is increasingly used by individuals and organizations to broadcast their feelings and practices, providing access to samples of spontaneously expressed opinions on all sorts of themes. Social media offers an additional source of data to unlock information supporting new insights disclosures, particularly for public health purposes. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex, systemic autoimmune disease that remains a major challenge in therapeutic diagnostic and treatment management. When supporting patients with such a complex disease, sharing information through social media can play an important role in creating better healthcare services. This study explores the nature of topics posted by users and organizations on Twitter during world Lupus day to extract latent topics that occur in tweet texts and to identify what information is most commonly discussed among users. We identified online influencers and opinion leaders who discussed different topics. During this analysis, we found two different types of influencers that employed different narratives about the communities they belong to. Therefore, this study identifies hidden information for healthcare decision-makers and provides a detailed model of the implications for healthcare organizations to detect, understand, and define hidden content behind large collections of text.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Saúde Pública
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(9): 1170-1173, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The susceptibility of patients with rheumatic diseases and the risks or benefits of immunosuppressive therapies for COVID-19 are unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study with patients under follow-up in rheumatology departments from seven hospitals in Spain. We matched updated databases of rheumatology patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2-positive PCR tests performed in the hospital to the same reference populations. Rates of PCR+ confirmed COVID-19 were compared among groups. RESULTS: Patients with chronic inflammatory diseases had 1.32-fold higher prevalence of hospital PCR+ COVID-19 than the reference population (0.76% vs 0.58%). Patients with systemic autoimmune or immune-mediated disease (AI/IMID) showed a significant increase, whereas patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) or systemic lupus erythematosus did not. COVID-19 cases in some but not all diagnostic groups had older ages than cases in the reference population. Patients with IA on targeted-synthetic or biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), but not those on conventional-synthetic DMARDs, had a greater prevalence despite a similar age distribution. CONCLUSION: Patients with AI/IMID show a variable risk of hospital-diagnosed COVID-19. Interplay of ageing, therapies and disease-specific factors seem to contribute. These data provide a basis to improve preventive recommendations to rheumatic patients and to analyse the specific factors involved in COVID-19 susceptibility.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/virologia , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Reumáticas/virologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
14.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 30(7): 1147-1151, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with accelerated atherogenesis. Traditional risk factors do not seem to fully explain this process in patients with SLE and no other imaging/serum biomarkers have so far improved risk stratification. Here, we focused on the role of adiponectin in women with SLE. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a sub-analysis of a validated cohort enrolling eighty females (age 18-65 years) affected by SLE. Patient underwent a single blood sampling and carotid echography. Serum adipocytokines (i.e. leptin, resistin and adiponectin) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients with a carotid plaque (n = 23) were older, with longer duration of the disease, chronic use of corticosteroids, and immunosuppressive therapies. As expected, patients with a carotid plaque had increased vascular risk and high serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers, total and LDL cholesterol and adiponectin. Significant positive correlation between serum adiponectin and presence of a carotid plaque was found independently of patient age, SCORE Risk Charts, duration of disease, and SLE treatments. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that high serum adiponectin is associated with accelerated carotid atherosclerosis in SLE young women and it might be useful to improve vascular risk stratification in this patient setting.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(20): e20232, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443356

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, rare autoimmune disease. In recent years, multiple monogenic diseases with early onset autoimmunity and lymphoproliferation have been identified, such as autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, rat sarcoma (RAS)-associated autoimmune leukoproliferative disease, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 gain-of-function syndrome and interleukin-2 receptor α deficiency. Therefore, we performed whole-exome sequencing in children with SLE with lymphoproliferation to identify genes associated with these conditions.We enrolled 7 patients with SLE with lymphoproliferation from different families. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, laboratory and histopathologic findings, treatment, and outcome were documented. Whole-exome sequencing was performed in 7 patients and their families. Suspected variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Protein levels were detected in patients with gene mutations by western blot.Four patients were male, and 3 were female. No consanguinity was reported within the 7 families. The average age at onset was 5.0 years (range: 1.2-10.0 years). The most common features were renal (7/7 patients) and hematologic (6/7 patients) involvement and recurrent fever (6/7 patients), while only 2 patients presented with skin involvement. Antinuclear antibodies at a titer of ≥1:320 were positive in all patients. All patients fulfilled four 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR) criteria for the classification of SLE. We identified a somatic activating NRAS variant (c.38 A>G, p.G13C) in peripheral venous blood from 4 patients, at levels ranging from 8.8% to 42.8% in variant tissues that were absent from their parents. B cell lymphoma (BCL)-2-interacting mediator of cell death levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 4 patients were markedly reduced, whereas those in the control were normal. Another 2 mutations, c.559C>T (p.Q187X) in the TNFAIP3 gene and c.3061G>A (p.E1021K) in the PIK3CD gene were detected in 2 patients.The SLE is a novel phenotype of somatic mutations in the NRAS gene and germline mutations in the PI3CKD gene. These genes, NRAS, TNFAIP3, and PIK3CD, should be considered candidates for children with SLE with lymphoproliferation. If patients with SLE and lymphoproliferation present with renal and hematologic involvement and recurrent fever, they need gene testing, especially male patients.


Assuntos
Heterogeneidade Genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/genética , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pediatria/métodos
17.
Ann Biol Clin (Paris) ; 78(2): 201-205, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319950

RESUMO

Anti-citrullinated cyclic peptide antibodies (ACPA) were initially considered very specific for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and can predict the prognosis of the disease. However, these antibodies can be detected in other autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common manifestation of which is inflammatory arthritis, which is often found in early-stage rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of our study is to evaluate the prevalence of ACPA antibodies and to analyze the profiles of their associations with autoantibodies specific to lupus, in order to look for a possible rhupus overlap syndrome in our patients. This is a retrospective study, carried out at the immunology unit, at Blida University Hospital, Algeria, involving 96 lupus patients, diagnosed according to the criteria of the American college of rheumatology (ACR). ACPA have been identified by the ELISA technique. ACPA was positive in 14,56% of our patients, whereas anti-DNA, anti-Sm and rheumatoid factor (RF) autoantibodies were positive, respectively in 47.09%, 35.41%, and in 26.04% of our patients. In addition, the presence of ACPA with anti DNA was found in 12.5% of patients. Of the 14 with ACPA+, 57.14% had arthritis. Our results confirm that ACPA auto-antibodies do not represent a pathognomonic criterion of RA. This sometimes makes the differential diagnosis with lupus difficult especially at the beginning of the disease.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Fator Reumatoide/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Argélia/epidemiologia , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Autoanticorpos/análise , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Citrulinação , Comorbidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos Cíclicos/imunologia , Peptídeos Cíclicos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator Reumatoide/análise , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 793-799, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) may play a role in early-stage systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The incidence of SLE in patients with ITP and the potential relationship between them is still unclear. This study was performed to provide epidemiological evidence regarding the relationship between ITP and SLE occurrence. METHODS: In this population-based retrospective cohort study, the risk of SLE was analysed in a cohort of patients newly diagnosed with ITP between 2000 and 2013. Controls were selected at a 1:2 ratio through propensity score matching (PSM) using the greedy algorithm. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyse the association between ITP and SLE incidence. There were four different Cox regression models, and the sensitivity analyses were implemented to evaluate the HR of SLE after exposure with ITP. RESULTS: In the age-matched and sex-matched ITP and non-ITP cohort, the average follow-up time was about 80 months in this study. There were 34 (4.70%) and 27 (0.19%) incident cases of SLE in ITP and non-ITP group. The incidence rates were 62.0 (95% CI 44.3 to 86.8) and 2.10 (95% CI 1.44 to 3.06), respectively. The adjusted HR of incidental SLE in the ITP group was 25.1 (95% CI 13.7 to 46.0). The other risk factors for SLE were female sex and Sjogren's syndrome. After PSM, the incidence rate and Kaplan-Meir curves of SLE were consistent with the results for the age-matched and sex-matched population, the HR 17.4 (95% CI 5.28 to 57.4) was estimated by conditional Cox model. CONCLUSION: This cohort study demonstrated that patients with ITP have a higher risk of SLE. Clinically, patients with ITP should be monitored for incidental lupus.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
19.
Clin Immunol ; 215: 108410, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276140

RESUMO

Infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 can result in severe respiratory complications and death. Patients with a compromised immune system are expected to be more susceptible to a severe disease course. In this report we suggest that patients with systemic lupus erythematous might be especially prone to severe COVID-19 independent of their immunosuppressed state from lupus treatment. Specifically, we provide evidence in lupus to suggest hypomethylation and overexpression of ACE2, which is located on the X chromosome and encodes a functional receptor for the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein. Oxidative stress induced by viral infections exacerbates the DNA methylation defect in lupus, possibly resulting in further ACE2 hypomethylation and enhanced viremia. In addition, demethylation of interferon-regulated genes, NFκB, and key cytokine genes in lupus patients might exacerbate the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 and increase the likelihood of cytokine storm. These arguments suggest that inherent epigenetic dysregulation in lupus might facilitate viral entry, viremia, and an excessive immune response to SARS-CoV-2. Further, maintaining disease remission in lupus patients is critical to prevent a vicious cycle of demethylation and increased oxidative stress, which will exacerbate susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection during the current pandemic. Epigenetic control of the ACE2 gene might be a target for prevention and therapy in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Epigênese Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Viremia/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Antígeno CD11a/genética , Antígeno CD11a/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Metilação de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Ligação Proteica , Receptores KIR/genética , Receptores KIR/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Viremia/complicações , Viremia/epidemiologia , Viremia/imunologia
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