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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e257402, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355856

RESUMO

Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an infectious disease predominant in countries located in the tropics. The prediction of occurrence of infectious diseases through epidemiologic modeling has revealed to be an important tool in the understanding of its occurrence dynamic. The objective of this study was to develop a forecasting model for the incidence of VL in Maranhão using the Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average model (SARIMA). We collected monthly data regarding VL cases from the National Disease Notification System (SINAN) corresponding to the period between 2001 and 2018. The Box-Jenkins method was applied in order to adjust a SARIMA prediction model for VL general incidence and by sex (male or female) for the period between January 2019 and December 2013. For 216 months of this time series, 10,431 cases of VL were notified in Maranhão, with an average of 579 cases per year. With regard to age range, there was a higher incidence among the pediatric public (0 to 14 years of age). There was a predominance in male cases, 6437 (61.71%). The Box-Pierce test figures for overall, male and female genders supported by the results of the Ljung-Box test suggest that the autocorrelations of residual values act as white noise. Regarding monthly occurrences in general and by gender, the SARIMA models (2,0,0) (2,0,0), (0,1,1) (0,1,1) and (0,1,1) (2, 0, 0) were the ones that mostly adjusted to the data respectively. The model SARIMA has proven to be an adequate tool for predicting and analyzing the trends in VL incidence in Maranhão. The time variation determination and its prediction are decisive in providing guidance in health measure intervention.


Resumo A leishmaniose visceral (LV) é uma doença de natureza infecciosa, predominante em países de zonas tropicais. A predição de ocorrência de doenças infecciosas através da modelagem epidemiológica tem se revelado uma importante ferramenta no entendimento de sua dinâmica de ocorrência. O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver um modelo de previsão da incidência da LV no Maranhão usando o modelo de Média Móvel Integrada Autocorrelacionada Sazonal (SARIMA). Foram coletados os dados mensais de casos de LV através do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN) correspondentes ao período de 2001 a 2018. O método de Box-Jenkins foi aplicado para ajustar um modelo de predição SARIMA para incidência geral e por sexo (masculino e feminino) de LV para o período de janeiro de 2019 a dezembro de 2023. Durante o período de 216 meses dessa série temporal, foram registrados 10.431 casos de LV no Maranhão, com uma média de 579 casos por ano. Em relação à faixa etária, houve maior registro no público pediátrico (0 a 14 anos). Houve predominância do sexo masculino, com 6437 casos (61,71%). Os valores do teste de Box-Pierce para incidência geral, sexo masculino e feminino reforçados pelos resultados do teste Ljung-Box sugerem que as autocorrelações de resíduos apresentam um comportamento de ruído branco. Para incidência mensal geral e por sexo masculino e feminino, os modelos SARIMA (2,0,0) (2,0,0), (0,1,1) (0,1,1) e (0,1,1) (2, 0, 0) foram os que mais se ajustaram aos dados, respectivamente. O modelo SARIMA se mostrou uma ferramenta adequada de previsão e análise da tendência de incidência da LV no Maranhão. A determinação da variação temporal e sua predição são determinantes no norteamento de medidas de intervenção em saúde.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Leishmaniose Visceral/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose Visceral/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Brasil/epidemiologia , Incidência , Modelos Estatísticos
2.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 26(2): 162-169, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581898

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of congenital nephrotic syndrome of the Finnish type (CNF) is challenging. It is difficult to withdraw intravenous albumin infusions, resulting in long-term hospitalization. In addition, fatal hypotension after bilateral nephrectomy has been reported. In our center, we have performed unilateral nephrectomy during early infancy. METHODS: Infants diagnosed with CNF between 2011 and 2020 in our institution were enrolled. We examined the clinical course before and after unilateral nephrectomy and evaluated the effectiveness of this strategy. RESULTS: Seven patients (all showing NPHS1 mutations) were enrolled. All required daily intravenous albumin infusion via central venous catheter (CVC). Unilateral nephrectomy was performed at a median of 76 days of age (59-208 days). Surgical complications did not occur in any of patients. The mean albumin dose was decreased after unilateral nephrectomy (2.0 vs 0.4 g/kg/day; p = 0.02). Intravenous albumin infusion could be withdrawn at a median of 17 days, the CVC removed at a median of 21 days, and they discharged at a median of 82 days after unilateral nephrectomy. Although bacterial infections were noted seven times before unilateral nephrectomy, only one episode occurred after surgery. Four patients initiated peritoneal dialysis at two to three years of age and all of them underwent kidney transplantation thereafter. CONCLUSIONS: Unilateral nephrectomy during early infancy may be an effective treatment allowing for withdrawal from albumin infusion, prevention of complications, withdrawal from CVCs and shortening hospital stay for patients with CNF.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Síndrome Nefrótica , Diálise Peritoneal , Finlândia , Humanos , Lactente , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico
3.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(12): e98, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is quite difficult to distinguish retractile testis from gliding testis, which requires different treatment planning in the clinic setting. We evaluated practice patterns of urologists in Korea regarding the diagnosis and management of retractile and gliding testes. METHODS: We mailed or e-mailed self-completion questionnaires consisting of 20 items to 106 urologists practicing in Korean hospitals concerning the diagnosis and treatment of cryptorchidism. We collected and analyzed the responses statistically. RESULTS: Responses were received from 62 urologists. The response rate was 58.5%. Thirty-seven urologists (59.7%) actually felt they had difficulty in distinguishing retractile testis from gliding testis in the clinic setting. This rate was higher for non-pediatric urologists (78.1%) than for pediatric urologists (40.0%) (P = 0.006). In cases of infant retractile testis, only five urologists (8.1%) said that they would perform orchiopexy immediately, with 54 (87.1%) urologists saying they would do follow-up. In cases of preschool-age children with retractile testis, 17 urologists (27.4%) said that they would perform orchiopexy immediately with 41 (66.1%) urologists saying they would do follow-up. In cases of infant gliding testis, 37 urologists (59.7%) said that they would perform orchiopexy immediately with 24 (38.7%) urologists saying they would do a follow-up. CONCLUSION: More than half (59.7%) of Korean urologists revealed it challenging to distinguish retractile testis and gliding testis in the clinical setting. The more it was difficult to diagnose retractile testis with certainty, the more frequent surgical correction was chosen for treatment. Therefore, it is essential to prevent unnecessary surgical treatment by establishing a practical guideline.


Assuntos
Criptorquidismo , Urologistas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Compreensão , Criptorquidismo/diagnóstico , Criptorquidismo/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
4.
Schizophr Res ; 241: 24-35, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35074529

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Maternal schizophrenia is linked to complications in offspring near the time of birth. Whether there is also a higher future risk of the child having a complex chronic condition (CCC) - a pediatric condition affecting any bodily system expected to last at least 12 months that is severe enough to require specialty care and/or a period of hospitalization - is not known. METHODS: In this population-based health administrative data cohort study (Ontario, Canada, 1995-2018), the risk for CCC was compared in 5066 children of women with schizophrenia (the exposed) vs. 2,939,320 unexposed children. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) were generated for occurrence of any CCC, by CCC category, and stratified by child sex, and child prematurity. RESULTS: CCC was more frequent in the exposed (7.7 per 1000 person-years [268 children]) than unexposed (4.2 per 100 person-years [124,452 children]) - an aHR of 1.25 (95% CI 1.10-1.41). aHRs were notably higher in 5 of 9 CCC categories: neuromuscular (1.73, 1.28-2.33), cardiovascular (1.94, 1.64-2.29), respiratory (1.83, 1.32-2.54), hematology/immunodeficiency (2.24, 1.24-4.05) and other congenital or genetic defect (1.59, 1.16-2.17). The aHR for CCC was more pronounced among boys (1.32, 1.13-1.55) than girls (1.16, 0.96-1.40), and of similar magnitude in term (1.22, 1.05-1.42) and preterm infants (1.18, 0.95-1.46). CONCLUSIONS: The risk for a CCC appears to be higher in children born to women with schizophrenia. This finding introduces opportunities for targeted preconception counselling, optimization of maternal risk factors, and intervention to support a vulnerable parent population who will experience unique challenges caring for a child with CCCs.


Assuntos
Esquizofrenia , Criança , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Masculino , Ontário , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
5.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 35(3): 333-339, 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of gynecomastia, determine mean glandular breast tissue sizes, and evaluate whether there is any difference in the prevalence rate of gynecomastia according to age using three different reference values of glandular breast tissue size (≥5, ≥10, ≥20 mm) in the pediatric age group. METHODS: Glandular breast tissue sizes were measured retrospectively from thoracic computed tomography (CT) images taken for other reasons in 961 boys aged 1-18 years. RESULTS: When each breast was evaluated separately (1,922 breasts), gynecomastia was observed in 1,001 (52.1%), 719 (37.4%), and 216 (11.2%) breasts with ≥5, ≥10, and ≥20 mm considered as reference values, respectively. A significant difference was found in terms of gynecomastia (p<0.001) and mean glandular breast tissue size (p<0.001) with respect to age. CONCLUSIONS: New studies are currently needed to determine the glandular breast tissue size and the prevalence rate of gynecomastia in boys, and thoracic CT images can be used for this purpose.


Assuntos
Ginecomastia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ginecomastia/diagnóstico por imagem , Ginecomastia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Lactente , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
6.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 67-75, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130567

RESUMO

Resistance to thyroid hormone syndrome (RTHS) is defined as increased thyroxine and triiodothyronine associated with normal or increased thyrotropin. This is usually due to a pathogenic variant of the gene coding for thyroid hormone receptor B (THRB). THRB is a rare genetic disorder characterized by an altered response of target tissue to the thyroid hormone action. Retrospective cross-sectional observational study with diagnosis of RTHS evaluated in secondary and tertiary hospitals for 6 years, from 2014 to 2020, in order to describe variables including age, sex, anthropometric data, clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients, who were divided according to age, in a pediatric group from 0 to 14 years (index cases), and an adult group composed of adult relatives of index cases. A molecular analysis of the THRB gene was performed. The total retrospective cohort included 7 pediatric patients and 15 adults. We found 22 cases with a clear male predominance (14/22). Mean age is 24.8 years old (22 days-70 years). Patients were referred because of symptoms 18.2% (4/22), analysis results 22.7% (5/22), or familial study 59.1% (13/22). About 31.8% (7/22) cases show goiter, 31.8% (7/22) sympathetic symptoms and 13.6% (3/22) abnormalities in behavior. In most cases, 77.3%, (17/22) show familial background of thyroid abnormalities. It is important to remark that 18.2% (4/22) relatives received previous incorrect treatments such as thyroidectomy, because of wrong diagnosis. In conclusion, a better understanding of RTHS, its prompt molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling, could avoid unnecessary tests and inappropriate treatments.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Resistência aos Hormônios Tireóideos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Receptores beta dos Hormônios Tireóideos/genética , Síndrome da Resistência aos Hormônios Tireóideos/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Resistência aos Hormônios Tireóideos/genética , Tireotropina , Tiroxina , Tri-Iodotironina , Adulto Jovem
7.
Early Hum Dev ; 165: 105541, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35065415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcomes for infants who survive mild-moderate hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) into adolescence is relatively uncharted. AIMS: We examined neuropsychological and behavioral outcomes in adolescents with mild and moderate HIE, using both parent and self - informants, and including healthy peers and nearest age siblings as controls. PARTICIPANTS: 23 adolescents with a history of mild-moderate HIE (M age = 14.45 years, SD = 1.03; 14 boys and 9 girls) were recruited from an original cohort of 53. A group of their nearest - age siblings (n = 13), and healthy peers (n = 14) were recruited as controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: A number of neuropsychological sub-tests, taken from the WISC-V.UK, Children's Memory Scale, NEPSY, WIAT-III.UK, Rey Complex Figure Copy Test and British Picture Vocabulary Scale were administered. Behavioral adjustment was assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the competence subscales of the Child Behavior Checklist. RESULTS: No differences in neuropsychological and behavioral outcomes were observed between mild and moderate HIE cohorts. Together they had significantly lower scores on tests of attention/executive functioning, verbal reasoning and sensory-motor ability compared to healthy peers, with moderate to large effect sizes. Remedial provision at school was greater in the HIE group. Parents reported elevated levels of peer problems in the HIE group compared to both siblings and healthy peers. Reduced competencies were also observed. CONCLUSIONS: We found evidence that both mild and moderate survivors of HIE experience neuropsychological, school and peer relationship problems in adolescence.


Assuntos
Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Escalas de Wechsler
8.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 38(2): 311-317, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611762

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus persists in 10-40% of children with posterior fossa tumours (PFT). A delay in commencement of adjuvant therapy (AT) can negatively influence survival. The objective of this study was to determine whether postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion procedures caused potentially preventable delays in AT. METHODS: A retrospective study of children diagnosed with PFT requiring AT from 2004 to 2018 from two large centres was conducted. Data on histology, timing of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) insertion, and AT was collected. The modified Canadian Preoperative Prediction Rule for Hydrocephalus (mCPPRH) score was calculated. The primary outcome was delay in AT beyond 40 days post-resection. Progression-free and overall survival were assessed. RESULTS: Out of 196 primary PFT resections, 144 fitted the inclusion criteria. Mean age was 6.57 ± 4.62. Histology was medulloblastoma (104), ependymoma (27), and others (13). Forty patients had a VPS inserted; 17 of these experienced a delay in AT. A total of 104 patients were not shunted; 15 of these had delayed AT (p = 0.0007). Patients who had a VPS insertion had longer intervals from surgery to commencement of AT (34.5 vs 30.8, p = 0.05). There was no significant difference in mCPPRH score between those who had a VPS (4.03) and those who did not (3.61; p = 0.252). Multivariable linear regression modelling did not show a significant effect of VPS or mCPPRH on progression-free survival or OS. CONCLUSION: CSF diversion procedures may cause a preventable delay in the initiation of adjuvant therapy. Early post-operative VP shunt insertion, rather than a 'wait and see policy' should be considered in order to reduce this delay.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cerebelares , Hidrocefalia , Neoplasias Infratentoriais , Canadá , Neoplasias Cerebelares/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Lactente , Neoplasias Infratentoriais/complicações , Neoplasias Infratentoriais/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal/efeitos adversos
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 455, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Access to donor human milk (DHM) has primarily been based on the health and development outcomes of premature infants but there has been little examination of the broader impact of an infant receiving it upon parental mental health. Breastfeeding and mental health are closely tied with women who experience breastfeeding difficulties or are unable to meet their own breastfeeding goals often experiencing feelings of guilt, sadness and anger, alongside an increased risk of postnatal depression. The aim of the current study was to explore how experience of receiving DHM for their baby affected the wellbeing of parents. METHODS: UK parents of infants aged 0 - 12 months who had received screened DHM from a milk bank (typically on the neonatal unit or in some cases in the community) completed an online questionnaire exploring their experiences. The questionnaire included Likert scale items examining perceived impact upon infant health, own wellbeing and family functioning alongside open-ended questions exploring perceptions of how receiving DHM affected wellbeing. RESULTS: Almost all of the 107 participants (women = 102) agreed that receiving DHM had a positive impact upon infant health and development, their own mental and physical health, and their family's wellbeing. Parents felt relieved that their infant was receiving DHM for health reasons but also due to the experience of being listened to, supported and having their infant feeding decisions facilitated. Receiving DHM helped mothers to process some of their emotions at not being able to breastfeed, in part because knowing their baby was being fed gave them the space to focus on recovery and bonding with their baby. Some parents did experience challenges, feeling guilty at receiving DHM, insecure that another woman was able to feed their baby when they could not, or negative reactions from family. Although the impact of receiving DHM upon breastfeeding was not measured, some women who were working to build their own milk supply noted that it helped motivate them to continue. CONCLUSIONS: DHM may play an important role not only in protecting infant health and development but in supporting the mental health and wellbeing of mothers for whom their infant receiving human milk is important.


Assuntos
Bancos de Leite , Leite Humano , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Pais
10.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1075, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite recent progress in rural economic development and food production, the prevalence of household food insecurity (FI) and use of unimproved toilet facilities are widespread in Bangladesh. Evidence regarding the consequencs of household FI and poor sanitation on child morbidity is scarce. This study aimed to understand the association of FI and unimproved toilet facility with morbidity status of under-5 children in Bangladesh. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey that was conducted as part of an evaluation of the Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (MIYCN) Program in 9 districts of Bangladesh. The study population included children aged 6-59 months and their caregivers, identified using a two-stage cluster-sampling procedure. Child morbidity status was the outcome variable, and household FI status and type of toilet used were considered the main exposure variables in this study. We performed logistic regression, calculated adjusted odds ratios (AOR) to assess the association of child morbidity with household FI and unimproved toilet facility after adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: A total of 1,728 households were eligible for this analysis. About 23% of the households were food-insecure, and a large number of households had improved toilet facilities (93.4%). In the multivariable logistic regression model, we found that children in food-insecure households with unimproved toilet facility had 5.88 (AOR: 5.88; 95% CI 2.52, 13.70) times more chance, of being morbid compared to the children of food-secure households with improved toilet facility. A similar association of FI and toilet facilities with each of the morbidity components was observed, including diarrhea (AOR:3.6; 95% CI 1.79, 7.89), fever (AOR:3.47; 95% CI 1.72, 6.99), difficult or fast breathing with cough (AOR:3.88; 95% CI 1.99, 7.59), and difficult or fast breathing with blocked or running nose (AOR:1.29; 95% CI 0.56, 2.95). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that household FI and unimproved toilet facility jointly have more deteriorative effects on child morbidity than either of these conditions alone. Therefore, it is recommended to consider these two critical factors while designing a public health intervention for reducing morbidity among under-five children.


Assuntos
Mães , Toaletes , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Insegurança Alimentar , Humanos , Lactente , Prevalência
11.
Isr J Health Policy Res ; 11(1): 24, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic caused four waves of infection in Israel until October 2021. Israel was the first country to offer vaccinations to all the adult population followed by boosters. This study addresses how mortality rates reflect the effects of the pandemic. METHODS: Total mortality rates and rates of mortality without COVID-19 deaths (non-COVID-19 mortality) between March 2020 and October 2021 were compared with the average pre-COVID-19 rates in 2017-2019 by month, population group and by age group. In addition, a cohort vaccinated at least once by 31 March 2021 was followed up for mortality in the following seven months compared to the corresponding months in 2017-2019. RESULTS: A small number of excess deaths was found in the first wave and a greater excess in the following waves. The monthly mortality rate ratio was highest in October 2020, 23% higher than the average in 2017-2019, followed by August 2021 (22%), September 2021 (20%) and September 2020 (19%). Excess mortality in the Arab population was greater than for Jews and Others, and they had 65% and 43% higher mortality in September and October, 2020, 20-44% higher mortality between December 2020 and April 2021 and 33%, 45% and 22% higher mortality in August, September and October 2021, respectively. In most months of the pandemic, the non-COVID-19 mortality rates were not significantly different from those in 2017-2019. However, between November 2020 and March 2021, they were significantly lower for the total population and Jews and Others. They were significantly higher for the total population only in August 2021, and particularly for the Arab population. Non-COVID-19 mortality was also lower for most sex/age groups over the total study period. In a cohort of 5.07 million Israeli citizens vaccinated at least once by 31 March, 2021, age adjusted and age specific mortality rates for the following 7 months were lower than the average rates in 2017-2019 for these months, CONCLUSION: Israel has seen significant excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in the Arab sector. Following lockdowns and administration of vaccinations excess mortality was reduced, and no excess mortality was seen amongst the vaccinated in the months after the vaccination campaign. These findings highlight the importance of public health measures such as mandating mask wearing and population vaccinations to control infection and reduce mortality.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Influenza Humana , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Lactente , Israel/epidemiologia , Pandemias
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 517, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Articular surface size is traditionally considered to be a relatively stable trait throughout adulthood. Increased joint size reduces bone and cartilage tissue strains. Although physical activity (PA) has a clear association with diaphyseal morphology, the association between PA and articular surface size is yet to be confirmed. This cross-sectional study aimed to clarify the role of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) in knee morphology in terms of tibiofemoral joint size. METHODS: A sample of 1508 individuals from the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 was used. At the age of 46, wrist-worn accelerometers were used to monitor MVPA (≥3.5 METs) during a period of two weeks, and knee radiographs were used to obtain three knee breadth measurements (femoral biepicondylar breadth, mediolateral breadth of femoral condyles, mediolateral breadth of the tibial plateau). The association between MVPA and knee breadth was analyzed using general linear models with adjustments for body mass index, smoking, education years, and accelerometer weartime. RESULTS: Of the sample, 54.8% were women. Most individuals were non-smokers (54.6%) and had 9-12 years of education (69.6%). Mean body mass index was 26.2 (standard deviation 4.3) kg/m2. MVPA was uniformly associated with all three knee breadth measurements among both women and men. For each 60 minutes/day of MVPA, the knee breadth dimensions were 1.8-2.0% (or 1.26-1.42 mm) larger among women (p < 0.001) and 1.4-1.6% (or 1.21-1.28 mm) larger among men (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Higher MVPA is associated with larger tibiofemoral joint size. Our findings indicate that MVPA could potentially increase knee dimensions through similar biomechanical mechanisms it affects diaphyseal morphology, thus offering a potential target in reducing tissue strains and preventing knee problems. Further studies are needed to confirm and investigate the association between articulation area and musculoskeletal health.


Assuntos
Acelerometria , Joelho , Acelerometria/métodos , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 493-496, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642160

RESUMO

The patient, a one-month-old male infant, was admitted for "recurrent diarrhea for 20 + days and vomiting for 4 days". On the 8th day after birth, the patient began to develop recurrent refractory diarrhea, accompanied by abdominal distension, vomiting, dehydration, acidosis, and malnutrition. There were many cases of malignant tumors of the digestive system in the patient's family. Genetic testing identified compound heterozygous mutations (c.491+1G>A; c.352_353ins CACC) in epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) gene and the patient was hence diagnosed with congenital tufting enteropathy. The patient was given partial parenteral nutrition support. The patient's diarrheal symptom was improved, but it was difficult to increase the amount of formula because any increase in the amount of formula for the patient would inevitably result in abdominal distention and vomiting. The patient experienced repeated fever in the later period of hospitalization and was eventually discharged from the hospital with the family's signed consent. He still had diarrhea and vomiting after leaving the hospital. Four weeks after discharge, the patient lost about 1 kg of weight and eventually died.


Assuntos
Diarreia , Vômito , Canais de Cloreto/genética , Diarreia/genética , Diarreia Infantil , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Síndromes de Malabsorção , Masculino , Mutação , Vômito/genética
14.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 448, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postnatal Care (PNC) is one of the healthcare-packages in the continuum of care for mothers and children that needs to be in place to reduce global maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. We sought to identify the essential components of PNC and develop signal functions to reflect these which can be used for the monitoring and evaluation of availability and quality of PNC. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature using MESH headings for databases (Cinahl, Cochrane, Global Health, Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science). Papers and reports on content of PNC published from 2000-2020 were included. Narrative synthesis of data and development of signal function through 7 consensus-building workshops with 184 stakeholders. RESULTS: Forty-Eight papers and reports are included in the systematic review from which 22 essential components of PNC were extracted and used to develop 14 signal functions. Signal functions are used in obstetrics to denote a list of interventions that address major causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity or mortality. For each signal function we identified the equipment, medication and consumables required for implementation. The prevention and management of infectious diseases (malaria, HIV, tuberculosis) are considered essential components of routine PNC depending on population disease burden or whether the population is considered at risk. Screening and management of pre-eclampsia, maternal anaemia and mental health are recommended universally. Promotion of and support of exclusive breastfeeding and uptake of a modern contraceptive method are also considered essential components of PNC. For the new-born baby, cord care, monitoring of growth and development, screening for congenital disease and commencing vaccinations are considered essential signal functions. Screening for gender-based violence (GBV) including intimate partner- violence (IPV) is recommended when counselling can be provided and/or a referral pathway is in place. Debriefing following birth (complicated or un-complicated) was agreed through consensus-building as an important component of PNC. CONCLUSIONS: Signal functions were developed which can be used for monitoring and evaluation of content and quality of PNC. Country adaptation and validation is recommended and further work is needed to examine if the proposed signal functions can serve as a useful monitoring and evaluation tool. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The systematic review protocol was registered: PROSPERO 2018 CRD42018107054 .


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Cuidado Pós-Natal , Criança , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Lactente , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle , Mães , Gravidez
15.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 455-465, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644184

RESUMO

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common chronic lung disease in preterm infants and seriously affects the quality of life of preterm infants. BPD is a life-threatening disease to preterm infants and may lead to serious sequelae including feeding difficulties, recurrent lower respiratory tract infection, airway hyperreactive diseases, growth retardation, and neurodevelopmental delay. In order to further standardize the follow-up management of preterm infants with BPD after discharge, based on related clinical evidence in China and overseas and practice experience, the Neonatal Evidence-Based Medicine Group, Committee of Neonatal Medicine, Cross-Strait Medical and Health Exchange Association, formulated this expert consensus from the aspects of the follow-up and management of respiratory diseases, growth and development, pulmonary hypertension, nerve dysplasia, metabolic bone disease, and vaccination of preterm infants with BPD after discharge.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Displasia Broncopulmonar/etiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/terapia , Consenso , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Alta do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 482-491, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop the birth weight curve of singleton neonates with a gestational age of 24-42 weeks, and to investigate the regional differences of the birth weight curve. METHODS: A total of 11 maternal and child health hospitals with more than 7 000 neonates delivered annually were selected in 11 cities of China (Haikou, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Liuzhou, Guilin, Quanzhou, Chongqing, Chengdu, Changsha, Ningbo, and Lianyungang), and all live singleton neonates delivered in the 11 hospitals from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020 were enrolled for the development of birth weight curves. RESULTS: A total of 93 720 singleton neonates with a gestational age of 24-42 weeks from the 11 cities were included in the study. The reference values of the 3rd-97th percentiles of birth weight of singleton neonates for the total of the 11 cities and for each of the 11 cities were established, and the birth weight percentile curves were drawn. The birth weight curve level of singleton neonates in Shenzhen and Quanzhou was almost the same as the average level of the 11 cities; the birth weight curve level of singleton neonates in Haikou, Guangzhou, Guilin, and Liuzhou was slightly lower than the average level of the 11 cities; the birth weight curve level of singleton neonates in Chongqing, Chengdu, and Changsha was slightly higher than the average level of the 11 cities; the birth weight curve level of singleton neonates in Ningbo and Lianyungang was higher than the average level of the 11 cities. The average birth weight curve level of singleton neonates in the 11 cities were very close to that of China Neonatal Cooperation Network in 2011-2014. CONCLUSIONS: The reference values of the 3rd-97th percentiles of birth weight of singleton neonates for the total of the 11 cities and for each of the 11 cities are developed, which can be used as a reference for evaluating the intrauterine growth of singleton neonates in the region. The level of intrauterine growth of neonates in some cities is different from the national level.


Assuntos
Idade Gestacional , Peso ao Nascer , Criança , China , Cidades , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Valores de Referência
17.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 492-499, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the influence of umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping on the early prognosis of preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, Weipu Database, and SinoMed were searched for randomized controlled trials on umbilical cord milking versus delayed cord clamping in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks published up to November 2021. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two researchers independently performed literature screening, quality evaluation, and data extraction. Review Manger 5.4 was used for Meta analysis. RESULTS: A total of 11 articles were included in the analysis, with 1 621 preterm infants in total, among whom there were 809 infants in the umbilical cord milking group and 812 in the delayed cord clamping group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking increased the mean blood pressure after birth (weighted mean difference=3.61, 95%CI: 0.73-6.50, P=0.01), but it also increased the incidence rate of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (RR=1.83, 95%CI: 1.08-3.09, P=0.02). There were no significant differences between the two groups in hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood transfusion rate, proportion of infants undergoing phototherapy, bilirubin peak, and incidence rates of complications such as periventricular leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with delayed cord clamping, umbilical cord milking may increase the risk of severe intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks; however, more high-quality large-sample randomized controlled trials are needed for further confirmation.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Hemorragia Cerebral , Constrição , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Cordão Umbilical/fisiologia
18.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 500-506, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of timing of surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on the prognosis of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). METHODS: The medical data of VLBWI who underwent transthoracic ligation for PDA from June 2018 to May 2021 were reviewed retrospectively. The infants were divided into early ligation group (≤21 days of age) and late ligation group (>21 days of age) based on the age of ligation. The two groups were compared in terms of perioperative clinical features, complications, and mortality. The risk factors for early surgical ligation were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 72 VLBWI were enrolled, with 19 infants (26%) in the early ligation group and 53 infants (74%) in the late ligation group. There were significant differences in birth weight, gestational age, weight at operation, days of age at operation, rates of preoperative invasive and noninvasive mechanical ventilation, incidence rate of pulmonary hemorrhage, incidence rate of hypotension, preoperative PDA internal diameter (mm/kg), intraoperative PDA external diameter (mm/kg), incidence rate of post-ligation cardiac syndrome, and duration of postoperative invasive mechanical ventilation between the two groups (P<0.05). A binary logistic regression analysis showed that pulmonary hemorrhage was an indication of early surgical ligation of PDA (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence rates of post-operative complications and the mortality rate between the early ligation and late ligation groups. CONCLUSIONS: Early surgical ligation may be performed for VLBWI who are experiencing pulmonary hemorrhage and hemodynamically significant PDA confirmed by cardiac ultrasound after birth. However, post-ligation cardiac syndrome should attract enough attention. In addition, early surgical ligation of PDA does not increase the risk of surgery-related and long-term complications or death, indicating that it is a safe and feasible treatment option.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Ligadura , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 507-513, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644190

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the early risk factors for death in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) treated with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 105 infants with PPHN (gestational age ≥34 weeks and age <7 days on admission) who received iNO treatment in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from July 2017 to March 2021. Related general information and clinical data were collected. According to the clinical outcome at discharge, the infants were divided into a survival group with 79 infants and a death group with 26 infants. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the risk factors for death in infants with PPHN treated with iNO. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the cut-off values of the factors in predicting the death risk. RESULTS: A total of 105 infants with PPHN treated with iNO were included, among whom 26 died (26/105, 24.8%). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that no early response to iNO (HR=8.500, 95%CI: 3.024-23.887, P<0.001), 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 points (HR=10.094, 95%CI: 2.577-39.534, P=0.001), a low value of minimum PaO2/FiO2 within 12 hours after admission (HR=0.067, 95%CI: 0.009-0.481, P=0.007), and a low value of minimum pH within 12 hours after admission (HR=0.049, 95%CI: 0.004-0.545, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for death. The ROC curve analysis showed that the lowest PaO2/FiO2 value within 12 hours after admission had an area under the ROC curve of 0.783 in predicting death risk, with a sensitivity of 84.6% and a specificity of 73.4% at the cut-off value of 50, and the lowest pH value within 12 hours after admission had an area under the ROC curve of 0.746, with a sensitivity of 76.9% and a specificity of 65.8% at the cut-off value of 7.2. CONCLUSIONS: Infants with PPHN requiring iNO treatment tend to have a high mortality rate. No early response to iNO, 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 points, the lowest PaO2/FiO2 value <50 within 12 hours after admission, and the lowest pH value <7.2 within 12 hours after admission are the early risk factors for death in such infants. Monitoring and evaluation of the above indicators will help to identify high-risk infants in the early stage.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal , Administração por Inalação , Criança , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Óxido Nítrico , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(5): 514-520, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of sex on the clinical outcome of extremely preterm infants (EPIs)/extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) by propensity score matching. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 731 EPIs or ELBWIs who were admitted from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020. These infants were divided into two groups: male and female. A propensity score matching analysis was performed at a ratio of 1:1. The matching variables included gestational age, birth weight, percentage of withdrawal from active treatment, percentage of small-for-gestational-age infant, percentage of use of pulmonary surfactant, percentage of 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, percentage of mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, percentage of antenatal use of inadequate glucocorticoids, and percentage of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The two groups were compared in the incidence rate of main complications during hospitalization and the rate of survival at discharge. RESULTS: Before matching, compared with the female group, the male group had significantly higher incidence rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), severe intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and patent ductus arteriosus (P<0.05), while after matching, the male group only had a significantly higher incidence rate of BPD than the female group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of survival at discharge between the two groups before and after matching (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Male EPIs/ELBWIs have a higher risk of BPD than female EPIs/ELBWIs, but male and female EPIs/ELBWIs tend to have similar outcomes.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer , Displasia Broncopulmonar/epidemiologia , Displasia Broncopulmonar/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Caracteres Sexuais
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