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1.
BMC Vet Res ; 18(1): 153, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Laminaria digitata is an abundant macroalga and a sustainable feedstock for poultry nutrition. L. digitata is a good source of essential amino acids, carbohydrates and vitamins, including A, D, E, and K, as well as triacylglycerols and minerals, in particular iron and calcium. However, the few studies available in the literature with broilers document the application of this macroalga as a dietary supplement rather than a feed ingredient. No study has addressed up until now the effects of a high-level incorporation (> 2% in the diet) of L. digitata on plasma biochemical markers and hepatic lipid composition, as well as minerals and pigments profile in the liver of broilers. Our experimental design included one hundred and twenty Ross 308 male birds contained in 40 wired-floor cages and distributed to the following diets at 22 days of age (n = 10) for 15 days: 1) a corn-soybean basal diet (Control); 2) the basal diet plus 15% of L. digitata (LA); 3) the basal diet plus 15% of L. digitata with 0.005% of Rovabio® Excel AP (LAR); and 4) the basal diet plus 15% of L. digitata with 0.01% of the recombinant CAZyme, alginate lyase (LAE). RESULTS: L. digitata compromised birds' growth performance by causing a reduction in final body weight. It was found an increase in hepatic n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, in particular C18:2n-6, C18:3n-6, C20:4n-6, C20:5n-3, C22:5n-3 and C22:6n-3 with the addition of the macroalga, with or without feed enzymes, to the broiler diets. Also, the beneficial C18:3n-3 fatty acid was increased by combining L. digitata and commercial Rovabio® Excel AP compared to the control diet. The sum of SFA, MUFA and the n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio were decreased by L. digitata, regardless the addition of exogenous enzymes. ß-carotene was enhanced by L. digitata, individually or combined with CAZymes, being also responsible for a positive increase in total pigments. Macrominerals, in particular phosphorous and sulphur, were increased in the liver of broilers fed L. digitata individually relative to the control. For microminerals, copper, iron and the correspondent sum were consistently elevated in the liver of broilers fed L. digitata, individually or combined with exogenous CAZymes. The powerful discriminant analysis tool based on the hepatic characterization revealed a good separation between the control group and L. digitata diets but failed to discriminate the addition of feed enzymes. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study highlights the value of L. digitata as a feed ingredient for the poultry industry. Moreover, we can conclude that the effect of L. digitata overpowers the effect of feed enzymes, both the Rovabio® Excel AP and the alginate lyase. Having in mind the negative effects observed on birds' performance, our main recommendation at this stage is to restraint L. digitata incorporation level in forthcoming nutritional studies.


Assuntos
Laminaria , Animais , Galinhas , Dieta/veterinária , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Feminino , Ferro , Laminaria/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Minerais , Polissacarídeo-Liases
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389335

RESUMO

Four halophilic archaeal strains, designated HD8-83T, LYG-36T, DLLS-82 and RC-68T, were isolated from the salted brown alga Laminaria of three different origins (Dalian, Lianyungang, Dalian and Rongcheng) in PR China. All strains had pleomorphic rod cells that were motile, lysed in distilled water, stained Gram-negative, and formed red-pigmented colonies on agar plate (except for DLLS-82, which formed white colonies). Based on phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA genes, strain HD8-83T was closely related to Halorussus litoreus HD8-51T (97.9 % similarity), strain LYG-36T and DLLS-82 to Halorussus rarus TBN4T (94.4 % and 94.7 % similarities, respectively), and strain RC-68T to Halorussus salinus YJ-37-HT (96.9 % similarity). Results of phylogenetic analyses based on rpoB' genes and 728 concatenated single-copy orthologous clusters also showed that these strains formed three different branches and clustered tightly with the Halorussus members. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains LYG-36T and DLLS-82 were 98.9, 98 and 92.4%, showing that they were different strains of the same species. While those values between the isolates and other Halorussus members were below 84.7, 82.9 and 28.9 %, respectively. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strains HD8-83T, LYG-36T, DLLS-82 and RC-68T represent three novel species of the genus Halorussus for which the names Halorussus halobius sp. nov. (type strain: HD8-83T=CGMCC 1.15334T=JCM 31110T), Halorussus marinus sp. nov. (type strain: LYG-36T=CGMCC 1.13606T=JCM 32952T; reference strain: DLLS-82=CGMCC 1.13604=JCM 32951) and Halorussus pelagicus sp. nov. (type strain: RC-68T=CGMCC 1.13609T=JCM 32953T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae , Laminaria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Arqueal/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/análise
3.
Mar Drugs ; 20(4)2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447931

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of fucoidan in chronic kidney disease (CKD)-triggered cognitive dysfunction. The adenine-induced ICR strain CKD mice model was applied, and RNA-Seq was performed for differential gene analysis between aged-CKD and normal mice. As a result, fucoidan (100 and 200 mg kg-1) significantly reversed adenine-induced high expression of urea, uric acid in urine, and creatinine in serum, as well as the novel object recognition memory and spatial memory deficits. RNA sequencing analysis indicated that oxidative and inflammatory signaling were involved in adenine-induced kidney injury and cognitive dysfunction; furthermore, fucoidan inhibited oxidative stress via GSK3ß-Nrf2-HO-1 signaling and ameliorated inflammatory response through regulation of microglia/macrophage polarization in the kidney and hippocampus of CKD mice. Additionally, we clarified six hallmarks in the hippocampus and four in the kidney, which were correlated with CKD-triggered cognitive dysfunction. This study provides a theoretical basis for the application of fucoidan in the treatment of CKD-triggered memory deficits.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Laminaria , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adenina , Idoso , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(7): e28892, 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a pathological condition characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Conventional treatments for metabolic syndrome have limitations due to their nonselectivity, drug resistance, and low bioavailability. The brown seaweed Laminaria japonica (LJP) is a traditional medicine and food in Asia that has shown pharmacological and biochemical properties favorable to the prevention and treatment of lifestyle-related diseases. We will systematically review randomized controlled trials and in vivo preclinical studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of LJP as a useful treatment for metabolic syndrome. METHODS: The following databases will be searched from inception to September 2021: MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials and in vivo preclinical studies that analyzed LJP for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndromes will be included. The outcome measures will include body composition, dietary habit scores, serum lipid profiles, daily nutrient intake, quality of life, number of microbiomes, gastrointestinal symptoms, and bowel function. Studies comparing LJP with any type of control intervention will be included. Data extraction using Review Manager version 5.3 and risk of bias assessment using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias will be performed by 2 independent assessors. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide evidence confirming the efficacy and safety of LJP in the treatment of metabolic syndrome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was not required, as this study protocol does not include any personal information of the participants. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/G2BQK (https://osf.io/g2bqk).


Assuntos
Laminaria , Síndrome Metabólica , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 208: 230-242, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337909

RESUMO

Laminaria japonica is a brown alga and is composed primarily of polysaccharides. Fucoidan and laminarin are the major polysaccharides of L. japonica and exhibit biological activities, including immune modulation and anti-coagulant and antioxidant effects in animals and humans. In this study, we evaluated the ability of fucoidan and laminarin from L. japonica to induce immune cell activation and anti-cancer immunity, which has not yet been studied. The injection of fucoidan to mice promoted the upregulation of major histocompatibility complex and surface activation molecules in splenic dendritic cell subsets, whereas laminarin showed a weaker immune activation ability. In addition, fucoidan treatment elicited inflammatory cytokine production; however, laminarin did not induce the production of these cytokines. Regarding cytotoxic cell activities, fucoidan induced the activation of lymphocytes, including natural killer and T cells, whereas laminarin did not induce cell activation. Finally, fucoidan enhanced the anticancer efficacy of anti-programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody against Lewis lung carcinoma, whereas laminarin did not promote the cancer inhibition effect of anti-PD-L1 antibody. Thus, these data suggest that fucoidan from L. japonica can be used as an immune stimulatory molecule to enhance the anticancer activities of immune checkpoint inhibitors.


Assuntos
Laminaria , Animais , Glucanos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(2): 444-452, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178988

RESUMO

In order to evaluate the composition and distribution characteristics of inorganic elements in Laminaria japonica, this study employed inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) to detect the inorganic elements and used high performance liquid chromatography tandem ICP-MS(HPLC-ICP-MS) to determine the content of different arsenic species in L. japonica from diffe-rent origins. Micro X-ray fluorescence(Micro-XRF) was used to determine micro-area distribution of inorganic elements in L. japonica. The results showed that the average content of Mn, Fe, Sr, and Al was high, and that of As and Cr exceeded the limits of the national food safety standard. According to the results of HPLC-ICP-MS, arsenobetaine(AsB) was the main species of As contained in L. japonica. The more toxic inorganic arsenic accounts for a small proportion, whereas its content was 1-4 times of the limit in the national food safety standard. The results of Micro-XRF showed that As, Pb, Fe, Cu, Mn, and Ni were mainly distributed on the surface of L. japonica. Among them, As and Pb had a clear tendency to diffuse from the surface to the inside. The results of the study can provide a basis for the processing as well as the medicinal and edible safety evaluation of L. japonica.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Laminaria , Oligoelementos , Arsênio/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Análise Espectral , Oligoelementos/análise
7.
Mar Drugs ; 20(2)2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35200621

RESUMO

Though the relationship between dietary fiber and physical health has been investigated widely, the use of dietary fiber from marine plants has been investigated relatively rarely. The Saccharina japonica byproducts after the production of algin contain a large amount of insoluble polysaccharide, which will cause a waste of resources if ignored. Soluble dietary fiber (SDF)prepared from waste byproducts of Saccharina japonica by alkaline hydrolysis method for the first time had a wrinkled microscopic surface and low crystallinity, which not only significantly reduced liver index, serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine amiotransferase (ALT), and liver fat accumulation damage to the livers of obese diabetic mice, but also activated the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to increase liver glycogen synthesis and glycolysis. By LC-MS/MS employing a Nexera UPLC tandem QE high-resolution mass spectrometer, the 6 potential biomarker metabolites were screened, namely glycerophosphocholine (GPC), phosphocholine (PCho), pantothenic acid, glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and betaine; several pathways of these metabolites were associated with lipid metabolism, glycogen metabolism, and amino acid metabolism in the liver were observed. This study further provided a detailed insight into the mechanisms of SDF from Saccharina japonica byproducts in regulating the livers of obese mice with type 2 diabetes and laid a reliable foundation for the further development and utilization of Saccharina japonica.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Fibras na Dieta/farmacologia , Laminaria/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(12): 3633-3643, 2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35167294

RESUMO

The present work aimed to explore the effect and underlying mechanism of a homogeneous Laminaria japonica polysaccharide (LJP61A) on macrophage polarization in high-fat-diet-fed LDLr-/- mice and Ox-LDL-induced macrophages. Results showed that LJP61A remarkably reduced the lesion burden in atherosclerotic mice, alleviated lipid deposition in Ox-LDL-stimulated macrophages, decreased the expression of M1 macrophage markers, and increased the expression of M2 macrophage markers, thus reducing the M1/M2 macrophage phenotype ratio. Meanwhile, the autophagic flux of macrophages was enhanced by LJP61A treatment in vitro and in vivo. 3-Methyladenine is an autophagic inhibitor. As expected, this inhibitor blocked the effects of LJP61A on macrophage polarization. SIRT1 and FoxO1 are two key upstream genes that control the autophagy behavior. We also found that LJP61A significantly up-regulated the expression of SIRT1 and FoxO1. However, these effects of LJP61A were abolished by the SIRT1 siRNA and FoxO1 inhibitor AS1842856. These results suggested that LJP61A reduced atherosclerosis in HFD-induced LDLr-/- mice via regulating autophagy-mediated macrophage polarization.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Laminaria , Animais , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Autofagia , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
9.
Contraception ; 109: 80-81, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35092740

RESUMO

We describe a complication from same-day cervical preparation with simultaneous use of Aquacryl hydrogel osmotic dilator, laminaria and misoprostol vaginally for a same-day dilation and evacuation procedure at 19 weeks' gestation. The laminaria fragmented and embedded in the cervix at the time of procedure. Removal was unsuccessful in clinic and the patient was discharged on one week of antibiotics. The patient returned after the administration of misoprostol vaginally and the surgeon found the fragment in the vagina. We cannot conclude if the fragment was expelled with misoprostol use or prior to its administration.


Assuntos
Abortivos não Esteroides , Aborto Induzido , Laminaria , Misoprostol , Aborto Induzido/métodos , Dilatação , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez
10.
Contraception ; 108: 78-79, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34973206

RESUMO

This case demonstrates a successful dilation and evacuation (D&E) at 21 weeks gestation for a patient with abdominal cerclage without initial advanced dilation. We followed a 2-day protocol with placement of 5 laminaria and mifepristone for cervical preparation without complication.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Laminaria , Aborto Induzido/métodos , Dilatação , Feminino , Humanos , Mifepristona , Gravidez , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044904

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-sporulating, yellow-pigmented and rod or cocci-shaped bacterium, designated Arc0846-15T, was isolated from the kelp Laminaria japonica. Strain Arc0846-15T was found to grow at 16-35 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of 0-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2 %). Cells were positive for catalase and negative for oxidase activity. Phylogenetic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, revealed that the nearest phylogenetic neighbour strains of strain Arc0846-15T were Ornithinimicrobium murale 01 Gi-040T (96.2 %), Ornithinimicrobium kibberense K22-20T (96.1 %) and Ornithinimicrobium humiphilum HKI 0124T (95.2 %). Based on phylogenomic analysis, the average nucleotide identity values between strain Arc0846-15T and the neighbour strains were 69.8, 69.7 and 69.8 %, respectively; the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain Arc0846-15T and its three closest neighbour strains were 18.8, 19.1 and 19.3 %, respectively. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8 (H4). The dominant cellular fatty acids were C17 : 1 ω8c, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C17 : 0. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, glycolipid, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain Arc0846-15T was 61.6 mol% based on the whole genome sequence. Based on the phylogenetic and phenotypic characteristics, strain Arc0846-15T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Ornithinimicrobium, for which the name Ornithinimicrobium laminariae sp. nov. is proposed, with Arc0846-15T (=KCTC 49655T=MCCC 1K06093T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Kelp , Laminaria , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Kelp/microbiologia , Laminaria/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0258980, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35085233

RESUMO

In this study, 5 sterols were isolated and purified from Laminaria japonica, commonly known as edible brown seaweed, and their structures were identified based on detailed chemical methods and spectroscopic analyses. Spectroscopic analyses characterized 5 sterols as 29-Hydroperoxy-stigmasta-5,24(28)-dien-3ß-ol, saringosterol (24-vinyl-cholest-5-ene-3ß,24-diol), 24-methylenecholesterol, fucosterol (stigmasta-5,24-diene-3ß-ol), and 24-Hydroperoxy-24-vinyl-cholesterol. The bioactivities of these sterols were tested using lipid peroxidation (LPO) and cyclooxygenase (COX-1 and -2) enzyme inhibitory assays. Fucosterol exhibited the highest COX-1 and -2 enzyme inhibitory activities at 59 and 47%, respectively. Saringosterol, 24-methylenecholesterol and fucosterol showed higher LPO inhibitory activity at >50% than the other compounds. In addition, the results of molecular docking revealed that the 5 sterols were located in different pocket of COX-1 and -2 and fucosterol with tetracyclic skeletons and olefin methine achieved the highest binding energy (-7.85 and -9.02 kcal/mol) through hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bond. Our results confirm the presence of 5 sterols in L. japonica and its significant anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity.


Assuntos
Colesterol/análogos & derivados , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Laminaria/química , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Esteróis/farmacologia , Colesterol/química , Colesterol/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/química , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Esteróis/química , Estigmasterol/análogos & derivados , Estigmasterol/química , Estigmasterol/farmacologia
13.
Nutrients ; 14(2)2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35057510

RESUMO

Laminaria japonica is a large marine brown alga that is annually highly productive. However, due to its underutilization, its potential value is substantially wasted. For example, a lot of Laminaria japonica cellulose remains unused during production of algin. The soluble dietary fiber (SDF) was prepared from the byproducts of Laminaria japonica, and its physicochemical properties were explored. SDF exhibits good water-holding, oil-holding, water-absorbing swelling, glucose and cholesterol absorption capacity, and inhibitory activity of α-amylase and α-glucosidase. In addition, the beneficial effects of SDF in diabetic mice include reduced body weight, lower blood glucose, and relieved insulin resistance. Finally, the intestinal flora and metabolomic products were analyzed from feces using 16S amplicon and LC-MS/MS, respectively. SDF not only significantly changed the composition and structure of intestinal flora and intestinal metabolites, but also significantly increased the abundance of beneficial bacteria Akkermansia, Odoribacter and Bacteroides, decreased the abundance of harmful bacteria Staphylococcus, and increased the content of bioactive substances in intestinal tract, such as harmine, magnolol, arachidonic acid, prostaglandin E2, urimorelin and azelaic acid. Taken together, these findings suggest that dietary intake of SDF alleviates type 2 diabetes mellitus disease, and provides an important theoretical basis for SDF to be used as a functional food.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/dietoterapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia , Fibras na Dieta/farmacologia , Laminaria/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Fenômenos Químicos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
14.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(6): 2604-2612, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During clinical practice, cyclophosphamide (CTX) can lead to liver and kidney injury in vivo. In this study, we established a liver and kidney injury model by injecting CTX (80 mg kg-1 d-1 ) into male ICR mice, and then mice were treated with saline and fucoidan (20 or 40 mg kg-1 ), respectively. Subsequently, the liver and kidney toxicity indices, the expression levels of malonic dialdehyde (MDA), inflammatory factors, and the main protein levels of the Nrf2/HO-1 and TLR4/NF-κB pathways were determined. RESULTS: Our results indicated that fucoidan could significantly decrease serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatinine (CRE), and urea (BUN) in the test group compared to the model group. Fucoidan administration caused reductions in MDA, interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1ß, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels and improved superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) activities in the liver and kidney of CTX-induced mice. Fucoidan up-regulated the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and enhanced the protein levels of Nrf2, HO-1, GCLM, and NQO1. Moreover, fucoidan down-regulated the TLR4/NF-κB pathway, as indicated by decreased levels of TLR4, NF-κB p65, NF-κB p50, and increased IκBα level in liver and kidney tissues. CONCLUSION: Our studies suggest that fucoidan can ameliorate CTX-induced liver and kidney injury, potentially via up-regulating the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Laminaria , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Animais , Ciclofosfamida/toxicidade , Rim/metabolismo , Laminaria/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
15.
J Pept Sci ; 28(5): e3385, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34935253

RESUMO

Laminaria japonica is consumed as a health food and used as a traditional medicine because of its biochemical and pharmacological abilities. However, the anti-tumor effect of L. japonica peptides has not been well explored. In the current study, three novel L. japonica cyclic peptides (LCPs) were isolated using an anti-cancer activity tracking method. LCP-3 [cyclo-(Trp-Leu-His-Val)] significantly induced apoptosis in Caco-2 cells in vitro. LCP-3 increased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, activated caspases, and regulated the p53/murine double minute 2 network. LCP-3 blocked Caco-2 cells in G0/G1 phase, which was accompanied by the inhibition of cyclin expression. Furthermore, LCP-3 inhibited colon cancer growth and induced cancer cell apoptosis in tumor-bearing mice. Notably, LCP-3 might be a potential agent for the prevention of colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laminaria , Animais , Apoptose , Células CACO-2 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Camundongos , Peptídeos Cíclicos/farmacologia
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt A): 126117, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653631

RESUMO

Fucoxanthin (Fx) has gained a growing attention due to the remarkable biological activities. The limited biomass of was the restrictive factor for Fx production in Phaeodactylum tricornutum. In this study, Laminaria japonica hydrolysate (LPH) with a low addition proportion of 1.5 ml/L, was proved to promote fucoxanthin accumulation and cell growth simultaneously. Fx topped at 27.9 mg/L after 10-d cultivation in the LPH group, with a biomass of 1.59 g/L and a Fx content of 17.55 mg/g. Three key plant hormones in LPH were screened responsible for promoting fucoxanthin accumulation. Transcriptomic analysis and qRT-PCR results showed that genes related to Fx formation were generally up- regulated. The study demonstrated that LPH addition was a feasible and efficient strategy to enhance production of fucoxanthin, facilitating the scale-up production of Fx in autotrophic culture.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Laminaria , Biomassa , Diatomáceas/genética , Xantofilas
17.
Brachytherapy ; 21(2): 170-176, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933809

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Preplanning magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely used in image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) for cervical cancer. However, a preplanning MRI performed without an applicator does not have good accuracy of image fusion with a planning computed tomography (CT) performed with an applicator. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of laminaria tent insertion during pre-planning MRI for cervical cancer brachytherapy (BT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Sixteen patients with cervical cancer were enrolled in the study. Images obtained from a single preplanning MRI performed with a laminaria tent inserted into the cervix were fused with images from the planning CT performed with an applicator during each BT session. The alignment between the high-risk clinical target volume on MRI (HR-CTVMRI) and planning CT (HR-CTVCT) was assessed. Image fusion accuracy was classified as follows: maximum misalignment between HR-CTVMRI and HR-CTVCT <5 mm was excellent, 5-10 mm as available, and >10 mm as not available. Image fusion accuracy was reviewed by two radiation oncologists. RESULTS: Fifty-nine BT sessions were analyzed. Fusion images for 39 (66%) sessions were categorized as excellent, and those for the remaining 12 (20%) sessions were available, and 8 (14%) were not available. Complications reported after laminaria tent insertion were grade-1 fever for 5 (8%) BT sessions in 5 patients and grade-1 pain for 8 (13%) sessions in 5 patients. CONCLUSION: Laminaria tent insertion during pre-planning MRI may improve the accuracy of image fusion with planning CT and may help delineate the HR-CTV in CT-based IGABT for cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Laminaria , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Braquiterapia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia
18.
Food Chem ; 370: 131010, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530347

RESUMO

Laminaria japonica is a familiar marine plant and is often used as food due to its abundant carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. As one of the main types of active substances in L. japonica, polysaccharides are widely used in the food and chemical industries and in medicine and healthcare due to their health benefits, such as immunoregulatory, antioxidant, and antidiabetic effects. However, there has been no systematic summary of the isolation, structural characterization and bioactivities of L. japonica polysaccharides (LJPs). Therefore, the present review includes a survey of extraction and purification methods for these bioactive molecules, along with a dissertation on the structural characterization of the carbohydrate components. Moreover, an overview of the most recent results related to LJP biological activities is provided. This review provides a useful reference for further research, production, and application of LJPs in functional foods and therapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Laminaria , Antioxidantes , Hipoglicemiantes , Extratos Vegetais , Polissacarídeos
19.
Mar Drugs ; 19(12)2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940698

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of a polysaccharide derived from Laminaria japonica (LJP) on obesity were investigated in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). LJP significantly attenuated obesity-related features, lowering serum triglycerides, glucose, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. HFD-induced liver steatosis and hepatocellular ballooning were significantly attenuated by LJP. Additionally, LJP was found to significantly modulate hepatic gene expressions of AMPK and HMGCR, which are key regulators of lipid and cholesterol metabolism. We further found that LJP ameliorated HFD-induced gut microbiota (GM) dysbiosis by significantly reducing the obesity-related Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio, meanwhile promoting the growth of Verrucomicrobia at the phylum level. At the genus level, propionate-producing bacteria Bacteroides and Akkermansia were elevated by LJP, which might explain the result that LJP elevated fecal propionate concentration. Taken together, these findings suggest that dietary intake of LJP modulates hepatic energy homeostasis to alleviate obesity-related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease associated with GM regulation.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia , Laminaria , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Fármacos Antiobesidade/química , Organismos Aquáticos , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/química
20.
Food Funct ; 12(24): 12606-12620, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821239

RESUMO

Brown algae glycan from Laminaria japonica (LJNP) is a heterogeneous glycan with two apparent molecular weights of 1.1 and 37.3 kDa, and is mainly composed of α ß-glucan and a few fucosyl residues. To explore the regulation of gut microbiota and the host, LJNP and 2'-fucosyllactose (2'FL) were compared to investigate their effect on mice via oral administration. Using metagenomic and metabolomic analyses, we found that 2'FL mainly relied on Adlercreutzia equolifaciens and Akkermansia muciniphila to improve gut amino acid and bile acid metabolism, whereas LJNP mainly drove Bacteroides vulgatus and Bacteroides uniformis to regulate gut amino acid metabolism and glycometabolism. Moreover, LJNP showed a weight loss effect and better protection of the intestinal barrier than 2'FL. We further employed LJNP and 2'FL on a germ-free mice model. Interestingly, the body weight management was not microbiome mediated. This study showed that LJNP can ameliorate the intestinal barrier through modulation of the gut microbiota, maintain the blood glucose level, and regulate body weight and the antioxidant function. Although the benefits of LJNP on host health were partly revealed, mechanisms such as the weight loss effect require further study.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Laminaria/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Animais
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