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1.
Neotrop Entomol ; 50(6): 959-965, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669161

RESUMO

Interaction between two biological control agents released against Lantana camara L. (sensu lato) (Verbenaceae) was studied in replicated semi-field plots. Caged plants under semi-field conditions were inoculated with Uroplata girardi Pic (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Ophiomyia camarae Spencer (Diptera: Agromyzidae), either alone or in combination, to investigate the extent to which co-infestation of the two agents affects the reproductive capacity and growth of their host. At the end of the trial, both single and combined attacks by the two agents had no effect on stem diameter, stem height, and canopy width. However, uncaged control plants were heavily attacked by Teleonemia scrupulosa Stål (Hemiptera: Tingidae), and therefore became significantly shorter than all the caged plants in all the treatments. When confined alone, feeding damage by O. camarae resulted in higher reduction of fruit and flower biomass relative to that caused by U. girardi alone. However, when confined alone, U. girardi caused higher reductions in leaf density and fruit biomass than when combined with O. camarae. Single attack by O. camarae caused higher reduction in flower biomass than simultaneous attack by both agents. Above-ground biomass of all single and combined treatment plants were significantly lower than those of the caged control plants. Uncaged control plants exposed to heavy attack by T. scrupulosa did not produce flowers and fruits, and their above-ground biomass was significantly lower than those of caged control plants. Overall, the study showed that simultaneous attack by the two herbivores alters their herbivory, thereby affecting reproductive capacity and growth of their host.


Assuntos
Besouros , Lantana , Animais , Agentes de Controle Biológico , Herbivoria , Folhas de Planta
2.
Am J Bot ; 108(8): 1354-1373, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418063

RESUMO

PREMISE: Lantana and Lippia (Verbenaceae) are two large Linnean genera whose classification has been based on associated fruit traits: fleshy vs. dry fruits and one vs. two seed-bearing units. We reconstruct evolutionary relationships and the evolution of the two fruit traits to test the validity of these traits for classification. METHODS: Previous studies of plastid DNA sequences provided limited resolution for this group. Consequently, seven nuclear loci, including ITS, ETS, and five PPR loci, were sequenced for 88 accessions of the Lantana/Lippia clade and three outgroups. RESULTS: Neither Lantana nor Lippia is monophyletic. Burroughsia, Nashia, Phyla, and several Aloysia species are included within the clade comprising Lantana and Lippia. We provide a hypothesis for fruit evolution and biogeographic history in the group and their relevance for classification. CONCLUSIONS: Fleshy fruits evolved multiple times in the Lantana/Lippia clade and thus are not suitable taxonomic characters. Several sections of Lantana and Lippia and the small genera are monophyletic, but Lippia section Zappania is broadly paraphyletic, making circumscription of genera difficult. Lippia sect. Rhodolippia is a polyphyletic group characterized by convergence in showy bracts. Species of Lantana sect. Sarcolippia, previously transferred to Lippia, are not monophyletic. The clade originated and diversified in South America, with at least four expansions into both Central America and the Caribbean and two to Africa. The types species of Lantana and Lippia occur in small sister clades, rendering any taxonomy that retains either genus similar to its current circumscription impossible.


Assuntos
Lantana , Lippia , Verbenaceae , Teorema de Bayes , Lippia/genética , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Verbenaceae/genética
3.
Bioresour Technol ; 340: 125652, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332446

RESUMO

A study was designed to isolate cellulolytic bacteria from termite-gut and soil, optimizing their cellulase production to enhance biogas generation, using Lantana camara as a substrate. Out of 57 bacteria screened, two isolates DSB1 and DSB12, showed significant cellulolytic activity. 16S rRNA based methods identified these isolates as Microbacterium sp. and Arthrobacter sp. respectively. Maximum cellulase activity of 1.26 ± 0.044 U/ml and 1.31 ± 0.052 U/ml for DSB1 and DSB12 was observed at pH 7 and 7.2 under 35°C and 37°C, respectively. The L. camara biomass substrate with cow dung as an inoculum, bioaugmented with DSB1 and DSB12 separately, was tested for biogas production, producing 950 l/kg and 980 l/kg VS biogas with 57% and 60% methane, respectively. DSB1 and DSB12 revealed as potent cellulase producers that can be harnessed in the anaerobic digester for biomass conversion practices for enhanced biogas production.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Lantana , Anaerobiose , Animais , Bactérias , Bovinos , Metano , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
4.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0239690, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974622

RESUMO

The Himalayan region is one of the global biodiversity hotspots. However, its biodiversity and ecosystems are threatened due to abiotic and biotic drivers. One of the major biotic threats to biodiversity in this region is the rapid spread of Invasive Alien Species (IAS). Natural forests and grasslands are increasingly getting infested by IAS affecting regeneration of native species and decline in availability of bio-resources. Assessing the current status of IAS and prediction of their future spread would be vital for evolving specific species management interventions. Keeping this in view, we conducted an in-depth study on two IASs, viz., Ageratina adenophora and Lantana camara in the Indian part of Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL), Western Himalaya. Intensive field surveys were conducted to collect the presence of A. adenophora (n = 567) and L. camara (n = 120) along an altitudinal gradient between 300 and 3000 m a.s.l. We performed Principal Component Analysis to nullify the multi-colinearity effects of the environmental predictors following MaxEnt species distribution model in the current and future climatic scenarios for both the species. All current and future model precision (i.e., Area Under the Curve; AUC) for both species was higher than 0.81. It is predicted that under the current rate of climate change and higher emission (i.e., RCP 8.5 pathway), A. adenophora will spread 45.3% more than its current distribution and is likely to reach up to 3029 m a.s.l., whereas, L. camara will spread 29.8% more than its current distribution range and likely to reach up to 3018 m a.s.l. Our results will help in future conservation planning and participatory management of forests and grasslands in the Kailash Sacred Landscape-India.


Assuntos
Ageratina/fisiologia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Lantana/fisiologia , Biodiversidade , Mudança Climática , Humanos , Índia , Espécies Introduzidas , Modelos Biológicos
5.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 199: 114060, 2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848915

RESUMO

The application of 1H NMR spectroscopy and chemometrics for the analysis of extracts of Lantana camara is described. This approach allowed to predict the leishmanicidal activity of samples obtained at different harvest times from their 1H NMR spectra. The anti-leishmanial activity of dichloromethane extracts obtained from the aerial parts of L. camara was measured using an in vitro assay. As the extracts displayed differences in their activity according to a one-way ANOVA analysis, their 1H NMR spectra were subjected to multivariate analysis using exploratory (Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Anova Simultaneous Component Analysis (ASCA)) and regression, (Partial Least Squares Regression to Latent Structures (PLS)) chemometrics methods. These analyses allowed to establish and characterize a predictive model capable of determining the anti-leishmanial activity of Lantana camara dichloromethane extracts from their 1H NMR spectra. Figures of merit of the developed method are given as well. The identified chemical signals responsible for the iPLS calibration model corresponded to the presence of eicosane, caryophyllene oxide, ß-ionone, tiglic acid, lantanilic acid, camaric acid, and lantadene B; the chemical markers. This study proposed a fast and simple method that avoids the need of using complex biological assays to predict the leishmanicidal activity of L. camara dichloromethane extracts.


Assuntos
Lantana , Leishmania , Cloreto de Metileno , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
6.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(5): e2100145, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780581

RESUMO

Lantana camara is a troublesome invasive plant introduced to many tropical regions, including Southeast Asia. However, the plant does hold promise as a source of essential oils that may be explored for potential use. Fresh water snails such as Pomacea canaliculata, Gyraulus convexiusculus, and Tarebia granifera can be problematic agricultural pests as well as hosts for parasitic worms. Aedes and Culex mosquitoes are notorious vectors of numerous viral pathogens. Control of these vectors is of utmost importance. In this work, the essential oil compositions, molluscicidal, and mosquito larvicidal activities of four collections of L. camara from north-central Vietnam have been investigated. The sesquiterpene-rich L. camara essential oils showed wide variation in their compositions, not only compared to essential oils from other geographical locations (at least six possible chemotypes), but also between the four samples from Vietnam. L. camara essential oils showed molluscicidal activities comparable to the positive control, tea saponin, as well as other botanical agents. The median lethal concentrations (LC50 ) against the snails were 23.6-40.2 µg/mL (P. canaliculata), 7.9-29.6 µg/mL (G. convexiusculus), and 15.0-29.6 µg/mL (T. granifera). The essential oils showed good mosquito larvicidal activities with 24-h LC50 values of 15.1-29.0 µg/mL, 26.4-53.8 µg/mL, and 20.8-59.3 µg/mL against Ae. aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Cx. quinquefasciatus, respectively. The essential oils were more toxic to snails and mosquito larvae than they were to the non-target water bug, Diplonychus rusticus (24-h LC50 =103.7-162.5 µg/mL). Sesquiterpene components of the essential oils may be acting as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. These results suggest that the invasive plant, L. camara, may be a renewable botanical pesticidal agent.


Assuntos
Inseticidas/farmacologia , Lantana/química , Moluscocidas/farmacologia , Mosquitos Vetores/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Caramujos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inseticidas/química , Inseticidas/isolamento & purificação , Modelos Moleculares , Moluscocidas/química , Moluscocidas/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Vietnã
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(13): 15040-15052, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769785

RESUMO

Development of metal-free, recyclable enzyme mimics is challenging and requires key chemical modifications at the molecular level. Here, nitrilotriacetic acid-functionalized carbon nanospheres (LC-CNS@NTA) were prepared from the nitrogen-rich weed Lantana camara (LC) using a simple hydrothermal reaction condition. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies revealed size of ∼160 ± 20 nm for LC-CNS@NTA whereas, the same showed fluorescence emission at ∼520 nm with a ∼63% quantum yield. Furthermore, LC-CNS@NTA showed strong peroxidase (Pxrd) activity toward a wide range of substrate viz., H2O2, 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine, and o-phenylenediamine with Km and Vmax values of ∼257 µM and 1.06 µM/s, 282 µM and 1.47 µM/s, and 270.8 µM and 1.647 µM/s, respectively. Interestingly, this also showed catalase (CAT) activity against H2O2 with Km and Vmax values of ∼0.374 µM and 1.87 µM/s, respectively. It was observed that LC-CNS@NTA could effectively reduce the oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity of HEK293 cells via retention of mitochondrial membrane potential, prevention of lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. It was further found that LC-CNS@NTA-treated cells showed reduced level of intracellular protein carbonylation and protein aggregation. The finding of the present study is expected to pave the path for designing engineered metal-free carbon nanozyme with dual enzyme mimic activity.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Carbono/farmacologia , Ácido Nitrilotriacético/farmacologia , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Carbono/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Lantana/química , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanosferas/química , Ácido Nitrilotriacético/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562771

RESUMO

Lantana rhodesiensis Moldenke is a plant widely used to treat diseases, such as rheumatism, diabetes, and malaria in traditional medicine. To better understand the traditional uses of this plant, a phytochemical study was undertaken, revealing a higher proportion of polyphenols, including flavonoids in L. rhodesiensis leaf extract and moderate proportion in stem and root extracts. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was also determined using three different assays: the radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity, the FRAP method (Ferric-reducing antioxidant power) and the ß-carotene bleaching test. The anti-malarial activity of each extract was also evaluated using asexual erythrocyte stages of Plasmodium falciparum, chloroquine-sensitive strain 3D7. The results showed that the leaf extract exhibited higher antioxidant and anti-malarial activities in comparison with the stem and root extracts, probably due to the presence of higher quantities of polyphenols including flavonoids in the leaves. A positive linear correlation was established between the phenolic compound content (total polyphenols including flavonoids and tannins; and total flavonoids) and the antioxidant activity of all extracts. Furthermore, four flavones were isolated from leaf dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions: a new flavone named rhodescine (5,6,3',5'-tetrahydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone) (1), 5-hydroxy-6,7,3',4',5'-pentamethoxyflavone (2), 5-hydroxy-6,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (3), and 5,6,3'-trihydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone (4). Their structures were elucidated by 1H, 13CNMR, COSY, HSQC, HMBC, and MS-EI spectral methods. Aside from compound 2, all other molecules were described for the first time in this plant species.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Lantana/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Antimaláricos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Polifenóis/análise
9.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(21): 3757-3765, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141312

RESUMO

Two new oleanane-type triterpenoids with an epoxy bridge between C-3 and C-25, named lantacamaric acids A and B, were isolated from the leaves and stems of Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae). In addition, seven known triterpenoids, two known iridoid glycosides, four known phenylethanoid glycosides, one known flavonoid glycoside, and one known cyanogenic glycoside were isolated. Their structures were determined based on the spectroscopic data. Furthermore, the cytotoxic activities of the isolated triterpenoids toward HL-60 cells were examined. The IC50 values of all compounds were obtained and ranged from 1.16 to 68.4 µM, with three compounds exhibiting stronger activities than the positive control, cisplatin. In addition, the structure-activity relationship was investigated.


Assuntos
Lantana , Triterpenos , Verbenaceae , Humanos , Glicosídeos Iridoides , Folhas de Planta , Triterpenos/farmacologia
10.
Braz J Biol ; 81(1): 83-91, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236291

RESUMO

Current study assessed the impact of Lantana camara invasion on native plant diversity in Pothohar region of Pakistan. The approach used for study was random samplings and comparisons of diversity indices [number of species (S), abundance (N), species richness (R), evenness (Jꞌ), Shannon diversity index (Hꞌ) and Simpson index of dominance (λ)] with two categorical factors i.e., invaded and non-invaded (control). Control plots harboured by an average of 1.74 more species/10m2. The control category was diverse (Hꞌ=2.56) than invaded category (Hꞌ=1.56). The higher value of species richness in control plots shows heterogeneous nature of communities and vice versa in invaded plots. At multivariate scale, ordination (nMDS) and ANOSIM showed significant magnitude of differences between invaded and control plots at all sites. The decrease in studied diversity indices in invaded over control sites indicated that plant communities become less productive due to Lantana invasion.


Assuntos
Lantana , Paquistão , Plantas
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123332, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763675

RESUMO

Toxic weed Lantana camara foliage was composted with cow dung in 2:1 and 1:1 ratio (v/v) and changes in physicochemical characteristics, and faecal coliform bacterial population (Escherichia coli and Salmonella) was estimated for 35 d. Results showed a significant increase in total N (1.48-1.69-folds), Paval (6.87-9.19-folds), and total K (1.08-1.23-folds) content, while a decrease in C/N ratio (1.87-2.13-folds) and total organic carbon (1.12-1.46-folds) after composting process. Germination index (GI) results (> 70 %) suggested the non-toxic property of Lantana compost against tested rapeseed mustard seeds. E. coli and Salmonella population reduced to the safe limit after 35 d composting. Compost extract (sterilized and non-sterilized) (from 2:1 setup) showed about 0.88 - 1.08-, 0.88 - 0.96-, 0.83 - 0.94-, and 0.79-1.08-folds higher inhibition in Xanthomonas citrus, Xanthomonas campestris, Erwinia carotovora, and Pseudomonas aerogenosa, respectively, indicating strong pathogen-inhibiting substances in Lantanacompost. GC-MS analysis of compost extract indicated the presence of isomers of several compounds of biocidal property - hexadecane (9-hexyl and 9-octyl); 2-tridecyl ester; eicosane; tetradecane, heptacosane (1-chloro- and 9-hexyl); heptadecane, octadecane, 3-ethyl-5-(2-ethylbutyl)-, heptacosane, tetradecane, 2,6,10-trimethyl-, etc.). Result revealed that Lantana compost could be used as biomanure with biopesticide properties for sustainable organic farming system.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Compostagem , Lantana , Alcaloides/toxicidade , Animais , Agentes de Controle Biológico , Bovinos , Escherichia coli , Feminino , Solo
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124060, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949829

RESUMO

Thermogravimetric analysis of two invasive weeds Prosopis juliflora (PJ) and Lantana camara (LC) are carried out by pyrolysis under dynamic conditions (20 to 900 °C) at different heating rates 5, 10, 20 and 40 °C/min. Gross calorific values of PJ and LC are estimated to 18.2 and 18.92 MJ/kg respectively. Activation energy obtained by FRM, M-FRM, KAS, OFW, STR, NL-INT, NL-DIF methods are 157.56, 151.24, 140.86, 143.39, 140.74, 141.19, 157.59 kJ/mol for PJ and 169.98, 167.67, 149.39, 151.51, 149.23, 149.70, 169.98 kJ/mol for LC respectively. Kinetic compensation effects were well fitted with the experimental data, which provided the value of the pre-exponential factor. To identify the appropriate reaction mechanism, the Popescu and Master-plot methods are employed. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS) are also determined by NL-INT, NL-DIF, and M-FRM methods. Results of kinetic and thermodynamic parameters confirm the suitability of PJ and LC invasive weeds as potential biomasses for pyrolysis process.


Assuntos
Lantana , Prosopis , Biomassa , Cinética , Lignina , Pirólise , Termogravimetria
13.
J Environ Manage ; 280: 111746, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298398

RESUMO

Exotic invasive plants endanger the integrity of agricultural and natural systems throughout the world. Thus, the development of cost-effective and economic application of invasive plants is warranted. Here, we characterized fifteen biochars derived from five invasive plants at different temperatures (300, 500, and 700 °C) by determining their yield, ash content, pH, CEC, surface area, elementary composition, functional groups, and mineral composition. We conducted batch adsorption experiments to investigate the adsorption capacity and efficiency for Cd2+ and Cu2+ in wastewater. Our results suggest that all invasive plants are appropriate for biochar production, temperature and plant species had interacting effects on biochar properties, and the biochars pyrolyzed at 500 and 700 °C exhibited high metal adsorption capacity in neutral (pH = 7) solutions. The adsorption kinetics can be explained adequately by a pseudo-second-order model. BBC500 (Bidens pilosa L. derived biochar at 500 °C) and MBC500 (Mikania micrantha) exhibited higher metal equilibrium adsorption capacities (38.10 and 38.02 mg g-1 for Cd2+, 20.01 and 20.10 mg g-1 for Cu2+) and buffer abilities to pH than other biochars pyrolyzed at 500 °C. The Langmuir model was a better fit for IBC500 (Ipomoea cairica), MBC500, and LBC500 (Lantana camara L.) compared to the Freundlich model, whereas the opposite was true for BBC500 and PBC500 (Praxelis clematidea). These results suggest that the adsorption of metals by IBC500, MBC500, and LBC500 was mainly monolayer adsorption, while that by BBC500 and PBC500 was mainly chemical adsorption. Our results are important for the utilization and control of invasive plants as well as the decontamination of aqueous pollution.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Bidens , Ipomoea , Lantana , Mikania , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Espécies Introduzidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
14.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(21): 3939-3944, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32316769

RESUMO

A simple and economical method was developed for the extraction and isolation of pentacyclic triterpenoid lantadene A from the leaves of Lantana camara. The lantadene A displays significant anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties via the inhibition of IKK-mediated NF-κB protein. Therefore, the derivatives of lantadene A were synthesised to further optimise the pharmacophore for anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. The synthesised compounds were docked into the active site of IKK to find the most potent inhibitor of IKK. Molecular docking studies revealed that 3ß,22ß-diisobutyl substituted lantadene derivative (10) binds to the IKK protein with the highest affinity. Furthermore, in the in silico ADMET studies, the lead IKK inhibitor (10) was found to be Ames non-toxic, non-carcinogen, and a weak inhibitor of hERG.[Figure: see text].


Assuntos
Lantana , Ácido Oleanólico , Triterpenos , Lantana/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Oleanólico/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06893, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | ID: biblio-1340360

RESUMO

This study describes an outbreak of acute necrotic hepatopathy associated with spontaneous poisoning by Lantana camara L. in dairy cattle. A herd of 15 cows and heifers was introduced into a native pasture with limited food supply, and, sixteen days later, eight animals had spontaneous nasal hemorrhage, fever, lethargy, jaundice, and dry, dark stools with mucus and blood. The clinical course varied from two to five days. In the pasture where the cattle were kept, abundant adult specimens of L. camara L. with evident signs of consumption were observed. In total, seven cattle died and necropsy was performed in three of them. All animals had moderate jaundice, hemorrhage in the subcutaneous tissue and on the surface of different organs. The liver was slightly enlarged, with orange discoloration and enhanced lobular pattern. Histologically, multifocal areas of coagulative necrosis of hepatocytes in the centrilobular area, occasionally extending to the midzonal area, were observed, as well as marked hepatocellular degeneration and prominent cholestasis. The current study suggests that L. camara L. poisoning should be considered a differential diagnosis of acute and necrotic hepatotoxicity in cattle, despite the absence of photosensitization.(AU)


Esse estudo descreve um surto de hepatopatia necrótica aguda associada a intoxicação espontânea por Lantana camara L. em bovinos leiteiros. Um lote de 15 vacas e novilhas foram introduzidas em um piquete com campo nativo, com escassa oferta de alimento. Após dezesseis dias, oito animais manifestaram epistaxe, febre, apatia, icterícia, fezes ressecadas e escuras com muco e sangue. A evolução do quadro clínico variou de dois a cinco dias. No piquete em que os bovinos estavam alojados havia grande quantidade de L. camara L. com sinais evidentes de consumo. No total, sete bovinos morreram, e destes, o exame post mortem foi realizado em três. Os bovinos exibiam moderada icterícia, hemorragias no tecido subcutâneo e na superfície de diferentes órgãos. O fígado estava discretamente aumentado, com coloração alaranjada e padrão lobular evidente. As lesões histológicas consistiam em acentuada necrose de coagulação de hepatócitos em região centrolobular, por vezes se estendendo a região mediozonal, além de acentuada degeneração dos hepatócitos e evidente Colestase. O presente trabalho alerta para que intoxicação por L. camara L. seja levada em consideração nos diagnósticos diferenciais de hepatotoxicidade necrótica aguda em bovinos, mesmo sem indícios de fotossensibilização.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Bovinos , Bovinos , Lantana/toxicidade , Ingestão de Alimentos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/veterinária , Hepatopatias , Plantas Tóxicas
16.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520962344, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the chemical profile of Lantana camara leaf oil. METHODS: The essential oil was extracted from dried leaf samples using the Soxhlet extraction method. The oil was separated from the solvent and the bioactive compounds were identified using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The identified peaks in the mass spectrum were matched with the database of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) library. RESULTS: The FT-IR results indicated the presence of alcohols, carboxylic acids, phenols, alkanes, ketones, and primary amine compounds. GC-MS identified 43 compounds representing 95% of the total leaf essential oil components. Some of the major isolated compounds included a pyrrolizine; 1-dodecanol; 1,2-nonadecanediol; phytol; 1,3-dioxolane; 4-undecene, 9-methyl, (Z)-; 1-eicosanol; and imidazole. CONCLUSIONS: The identified constituents of the extracted oil have established pharmacologic and insecticidal activities, and these compounds are also used in the drink, food, and cosmetic industries. This extract is highly valuable for the medical treatment of various ailments.


Assuntos
Lantana , Óleos Voláteis , Humanos , Folhas de Planta , Solventes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
17.
J Chem Ecol ; 46(9): 881-890, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803512

RESUMO

The coffee berry borer (CBB) is one of the main coffee pests in the world including Colombia. This pest is difficult to manage because of its cryptic habits and the continuous availability of coffee fruits. Among the new management strategies being tested is the use of volatile compounds as insect repellents. In this work, the behavioral response of female adult CBBs to terpenes previously identified in the CBB-repellent plant species Lantana camara was evaluated. α-Terpinene, (R)-limonene, farnesene and ß-caryophyllene terpenes were tested via a Y-tube olfactometer in which ripe coffee fruits were accompanied by terpenes at concentrations between 25 and 200 ppm. Only ß-caryophyllene induced a significant and consistent CBB repellent effect at all tested doses. The protective effect of microencapsulated ß-caryophyllene was then determined under laboratory conditions by incorporating the terpene in a colloidosome-gel system at 2.8 × 105 ng/h in the middle of coffee fruits with adult CBBs. The coffee fruits in turn presented a decrease in fruit infestation. Furthermore, the protection of coffee fruits when ß-caryophyllene gels were hung in coffee trees was evaluated in the field; infestations were artificially induced by the use of raisins (CBB-infested old coffee fruits) placed on the ground. Compared with unprotected trees, the trees treated with caryophyllene gels exhibited a 33 to 45% lower degree of infestation. Taken together, the results show that ß-caryophyllene is a promising compound for an integrated pest management (IPM) program in commercial coffee plantations.


Assuntos
Coffea/parasitologia , Besouros/efeitos dos fármacos , Repelentes de Insetos/farmacologia , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Terpenos/farmacologia , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/farmacologia , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Frutas/parasitologia , Repelentes de Insetos/isolamento & purificação , Lantana/química , Sementes/parasitologia , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 13726, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792567

RESUMO

Lantana camara L. is an economically important essential oil producing plant belonging to family Verbenaceae. It is used in medication for treating various diseases like cancer, ulcers, tumor, asthma and fever. The plant is a useful source of essential bioactive compounds such as steroids, flavonoids and phenylpropanoid glycosides etc. Nonetheless, very little is known about the genomic or transcriptomic resources of L. camara, and this might be the reason of hindering molecular studies leading to identification of improved lines. Here we used Illumina sequencing platform and performed the L. camara leaf (LCL) and root (LCR) de novo transcriptome analyses. A total of 70,155,594 and 84,263,224 clean reads were obtained and de novo assembly generated 72,877 and 513,985 unigenes from leaf (LCL) and root (LCR) respectively. Furthermore, the pathway analysis revealed the presence of 229 and 943 genes involved in the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in leaf and root tissues respectively. Similarity search was performed against publically available genome databases and best matches were found with Sesamum indicum (67.5%) that were much higher than that of Arabidopsis thaliana (3.9%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive transcriptomic analysis of leaf and root tissues of this non-model plant from family Verbenaceae and may serve as a baseline for further molecular studies.


Assuntos
Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Lantana/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Flavonoides/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Genoma de Planta/genética , Genômica/métodos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular/métodos , Folhas de Planta/genética , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Metabolismo Secundário/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Sesamum/genética
19.
Tuberculosis (Edinb) ; 124: 101987, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841928

RESUMO

Regimens of current drugs for tuberculosis are lengthy and are associated with many adverse effects. Currently, the emergence of different resistant strains has been observed. This urges a need for the discovery and development of novel drugs. The main sources of drug lead candidates are based on natural products. Zanthoxylum leprieurii, Lantana camara, and Cryptolepis Sanguinolenta are among the plants that have antimycobacterial activity. Recent technological methods, such as metabolomics, can rapidly detect and identify active compounds from medicinal plants. In this review, we aim to provide an overview and discussion of the antimycobacterial activity, phytochemical analysis and toxicity profile of these plants and their products as well as the potential of metabolomic fingerprinting of medicinal plants with a given activity on microbes, in the search for the potential drug hit molecules. The information for this review was extracted from databases such as Excerpta Medica Database, Google Scholar, Springer, and PubMed Central. Primary studies, using a combination of the keywords antimycobacterial medicinal plant, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, phytochemistry, toxicity, Zanthoxylum leprieurii, Lantana camara, Cryptolepis sanguinolenta, and plant metabolomics/metabolic fingerprinting of plant extracts, have been considered. The above-mentioned plant species showed antimycobacterial activity against drug-resistant strains of M. tuberculosis. They may provide potential candidates for novel drugs against multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. However, extensive work is still needed. To our knowledge, there is no or limited literature that reports the metabolic fingerprints of these plants. The analysis of the metabolite fingerprints of medicinal plants with similar antimicrobial activity could be important to determine whether the activity results from common metabolites within different plant species. This review shows that these plants are potential candidates to provide drug hits against multidrug-resistant tuberculosis strains. Future studies of compound optimization, in vivo safety and efficacy, as well as of the specific mechanisms of action are however required.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/farmacologia , Metaboloma , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/metabolismo , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antituberculosos/isolamento & purificação , Cryptolepis/metabolismo , Humanos , Lantana/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/patogenicidade , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Metabolismo Secundário , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/microbiologia , Zanthoxylum/metabolismo
20.
Int J Toxicol ; 39(5): 422-432, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662347

RESUMO

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been widely used in many applications. Their usage as drug delivery vehicles has also gained considerable attention due to their chemical and optical properties as well as their good biocompatibility. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of AuNPs in enhancing the cytotoxic and apoptotic induction activity of lantadene A (LA), separated from Lantana camara leaves, on the breast tumor cell line MCF-7 in vitro. By utilizing plant-mediated synthesis method of nanostructures, LA-loaded AuNPs (LA-AuNPs) were prepared and their formation was confirmed by means of ultraviolet-visible spectroscope, atomic force microscope, scanning electron microscope, and zeta potential. The cytotoxic effect of LA-AuNPs was analyzed using a methylthiazol tetrazolium assay and compared to free AuNPs and LA. The results indicated a significant increase in the reduction of MCF-7 cells viability after incubation with LA-AuNPs. As determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, LA-AuNPs induced a greater ratio of DNA-fragmented cells compared to LA-treated and untreated cells. Also, by operating real-time polymerase chain reaction, LA-AuNPs-treated cells displayed an increased upregulation of p53 expression and downregulation of BCL-2 expression in addition to a significant reduction in the level of BCL-2-BAX ratio. No significant effect was shown on the expression of BAX. Collectively, our results indicate that LA-AuNPs showed promising cytotoxicity to MCF-7 cells as a novel nanoscale preparation, likely via induction of apoptotic genes and stimulation of DNA fragmentation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/toxicidade , Ouro/toxicidade , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouro/química , Humanos , Lantana , Células MCF-7 , Mutagênicos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Ácido Oleanólico/química , Ácido Oleanólico/toxicidade , Folhas de Planta
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