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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891669

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies have attempted to identify prognostic indicators for successful outcomes following bariatric surgery for obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether the degree of obesity affects outcomes in patients who are morbidly obese (basal metabolic index, BMI, 40-49.9 kg/m2), super-obese (BMI 50-59.9 kg/m2) and super-super-obese (BMI greater than 60 kg/m2) undergoing restrictive or malabsorptive bypass procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was undertaken to include all consecutive laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands (LAGB), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) procedures since 2010. Patients with at least two years of follow-up were included. At each visit, the patient's weight, BMI, excess weight loss and comorbidity status were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 353 patients (75% women) were included in the analysis; 65 (18.4%) underwent LAGB; 70 (19.8%) LSG and 218 (61.8%) LRYGB. At presentation, the median BMI for the morbidly obese sub-group was 47.2 kg/m2 for LAGB, 46.4 kg/m2 for LSG and 46.6 kg/m2 for LRYGB (P = 0.625); for the super-obese sub-group it was 53.2 kg/m2 for LAGB, 52.9 kg/m2 for LSG and 52.4 kg/m2 for LRYGB (P = 0.481); and for the super-super-obese sub-group 66.9 kg/m2 for (LAGB, 66.7 kg/m2 for LSG and 61.5 kg/m2 for LRYGB (P = 0.169). Percentage of excess weight loss at the end of two years was significantly higher in the morbidly obese and super-morbidly obese sub-groups undergoing LRYGB (median 68.5% and 69.5%, respectively; P < 0.001) than in the sub-groups undergoing LAGB and LSG. This was also reflected in the reduction of BMI achieved with bypass in the two sub-groups (P < 0.001). Complete diabetes remission was significantly higher in the morbidly obese and super-morbidly obese sub-groups undergoing LRYGB treatment (P < 0.05). Sleep apnoea, asthma and exercise tolerance had significantly improved in the super-morbidly obese undergoing LRYGB (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the three treatment groups in remission of hypertension; dyslipidaemia; gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and depression in all three BMI sub-groups. CONCLUSION: The mid-term results for weight loss and resolution of obesity-related comorbidities is best achieved in super-obese patients undergoing LRYGB, without any significant increase in complications with this procedure as compared with LAGB and LSG.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Adulto , Cirurgia Bariátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Perda de Peso/fisiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18047, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There currently exists no substantial evidence reporting the efficacy of peritoneal irrigation in reducing the incidence of postoperative intra-abdominal abscess in pediatric patients. The purpose of our study was to perform a meta-analysis to compare rates of intra-abdominal abscess after appendectomy between irrigation and suction alone groups. METHODS: We identified studies by a systematic search in EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to recognize randomized controlled trials and case control studies from the 1950 to May 2019. We limited the English language studies. We checked the reference list of studies to recognize other potentially qualified trials. We analyzed the merged data with use of the Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: We identified 6 eligible papers enrolling a total of 1633 participants. We found no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative intraabdominal abscess, wound infection, and the length of hospitalization between 2 group, but duration of surgery is longer in irrigation group (MD = 6.76, 95% CI = 4.64 to 8.87, P < .001; heterogeneity, I = 25%, P = .26). CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis did not provide strong evidence allowing definite conclusions to be drawn, but suggested that peritoneal irrigation during appendectomy did not decrease the incidence of postoperative IAA. This meta-analysis also indicated the need for more high-quality trials to identify methods to decrease the incidence of postoperative IAA in pediatric perforated appendicitis patients.Trial registration number Standardization of endoscopic treatment of acute abdomen in children: 14RCGFSY00150.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal/prevenção & controle , Apendicectomia/métodos , Apendicite/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Lavagem Peritoneal/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Abscesso Abdominal/etiologia , Apendicite/complicações , Criança , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18280, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852102

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Small bowel intussusception in adults is rare but is more likely to occur in the presence of a lead point. Surgical intervention is necessary in most cases, even if there is successful nonsurgical reduction of the intussusception. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 54-year-old woman who was transferred to our emergency room with complaints of intermittent cramping pain of 4 days' duration. DIAGNOSIS: Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a jejuno-jejunal intussusception due to an angiolipomatous polyp. INTERVENTION: A single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) was performed without the need for any additional incisions. OUTCOMES: She was uneventfully discharged on postoperative day 4. LESSONS: The SILS procedure with adequate preoperative diagnosis by CT, with or without US, can offer good clinical outcomes for small bowel intussusception. Even surgeons who have little experience with laparoscopic intestinal anastomosis can consider SILS to treat small bowel intussusception in adults.


Assuntos
Pólipos Intestinais/complicações , Intussuscepção/cirurgia , Doenças do Jejuno/cirurgia , Jejuno/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pólipos Intestinais/diagnóstico , Pólipos Intestinais/cirurgia , Intussuscepção/diagnóstico , Intussuscepção/etiologia , Doenças do Jejuno/diagnóstico , Doenças do Jejuno/etiologia , Jejuno/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18448, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the quadratus lumborum block (QLB) method with transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) for postoperative pain management in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Seventy-four patients scheduled for laparoscopic colorectal surgery were randomly assigned into 2 groups. After surgery, patients received bilateral ultrasound-guided single-dose of QLB or TAPB. Each side was administered with 20 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine. All patients received sufentanil as patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). Resting and moving numeric rating scale (NRS) were assessed at 2, 4, 6, 24, 48 hours postoperatively. The primary outcome measure was sufentanil consumption at predetermined time intervals after surgery. RESULTS: Patients in the QLB group used significantly less sufentanil than TAPB group at 24 and 48 hours (P < .05), but not at 6 hours (P = .33) after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. No significant differences in NRS results were found between the two groups at rest or during movement (P > .05). Incidence of dizziness in the QLB group was lower than in TAPB group (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The QLB is a more effective postoperative analgesia as it reduces sufentanil consumption compared to TAPB in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Músculos Abdominais Oblíquos/inervação , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Sufentanil/administração & dosagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18149, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860962

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Retroperitoneal schwannomas are very rare and may grow very close to major abdominal vessels. Since the surgical approach to the retroperitoneal space may be complex due to surrounding vital organs, including major vessels, laparoscopic surgery is challenging and has only been recently adopted. Here, we report a case of laparoscopic resection of a large retroperitoneal schwannoma attached to large vital vessels. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old woman presented with a chief complaint of pain in the lower right limb with consequent claudication, which had lasted for approximately 1 year. DIAGNOSES: Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solid oval mass measuring 45 × 32 × 39 mm, located medially to the right iliopsoas muscle at the level of the intersomatic space between the 5th lumbar vertebra and the 1st sacral vertebra. This mass was inhomogeneously hypointense in T2 due to the presence of cystic areas, with intense and inhomogeneous contrast enhancement, compatible with the diagnosis of a schwannoma. The mass compressed the inferior caval vein near its bifurcation and the right common iliac vein, anteriorly dislocating the ipsilateral iliac arterial axis. INTERVENTIONS: A multidisciplinary team skilled in vascular and pelvic laparoscopy was involved. The patient underwent laparoscopic surgery via an anterior transperitoneal approach with right adnexectomy and radical excision of the tumor. The surgery lasted 120 minutes without intraoperative complications. Blood loss was less than 100 mL. The histologic diagnosis was a benign Schwannoma; grade I according to World Health Organization classification. OUTCOMES: The postoperative course was uneventful. At the 10-month follow-up, the patient had no recurrences and was asymptomatic. LESSONS: Laparoscopic removal of large retroperitoneal schwannomas, even if attached to major vital vessels, is feasible and safe when performed by experienced surgeons.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Extremidade Inferior , Dor Musculoesquelética/diagnóstico , Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Raras , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(12): 891-895, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874544

RESUMO

Objective: With the development of laparoscopic surgery technique, the concept of minimally invasive surgery has gradually gained popularity. Laparoscopic minimally invasive technique applied in the treatment of gastric cancer has been recognized by surgeons. In recent years, the indocyanine green labeled near-infrared fluorescence laparoscopic technique has been gradually applied to the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. This technique overcomes the drawbacks of tactile lack of laparoscopic surgery and makes the laparoscopic surgery of gastric cancer more precise and minimally invasive. This article introduces the injection method of indocyanine green and discusses the application of fluorescent laparoscopy in gastric cancer surgery, including intraoperative tumor localization of early gastric cancer, sentinel lymph node biopsy, lymph node navigation of advanced gastric cancer, digestive tract reconstruction and gastrointestinal blood perfusion assessment during the procedure.


Assuntos
Corantes/administração & dosagem , Gastrectomia/métodos , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , China , Humanos , Injeções , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(12): 904-908, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874547

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the feasibility and efficacy of indocyanine green (ICG) used in laparoscopic gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer patients. Methods: From December 2018 to August 2019, the clinical data of 82 patients preoperatively diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into ICG group(n=38) and a historical control group (non-ICG group, n=44). The number of retrieved lymph nodes, operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, fever time, evacuation time and complications were compared between these two groups. Results: The operation time [(172.8±45.8) min vs (162.6±45.7) min], blood loss [(80.1±91.9) ml vs (78.6±89.8) ml], hospital stay [(7.0±2.0) d vs (7.5±2.4) d], fever time [(2.3±1.2) d vs (2.9±1.9) d], evacuation time [(3.4±0.8) d vs (3.4±1.1) d] and incidence of complications (5.3% vs 9.1%) were not significantly different between the ICG and historical control groups (P>0.05). The number of retrieved lymph nodes in ICG group was significantly increased compared with that of the historical control group (46.5 vs 33.0, P=0.005). Conclusions: The ICG method applied in lymph node dissection of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy is safe. Moreover, ICG might elevate the efficiency of regional lymph node dissection.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): e172-e177, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672034

RESUMO

Intragastric balloons have been used as an invasive non-surgical treatment for obesity for over 30 years. Within the last 37 years, we have found only 27 cases reported in the literature of intestinal obstruction caused by a migrated intragastric balloon. We report the laparoscopic management of such a case and make observations from similar case presentations published in the literature. A 26-year-old woman had an intragastric balloon placed endoscopically for weight control 13 months previously. She presented to the emergency department with a four-day history of intermittent abdominal cramps and vomiting. Contrast enhanced computed tomography confirmed the presence of the intragastric balloon within the small bowel. At laparoscopic retrieval, the deflated intragastric balloon was found impacted in the terminal ileum approximately 15 cm from the ileocaecal valve. The balloon was retrieved by enterotomy and primary closure of the ileum without event. The risk of balloon deflation and subsequent migration increases over time but several published cases demonstrate that this complication can occur within six months of insertion. The initial approach to the treatment of migrated intragastric balloons causing small bowel obstruction should be determined by the location of impaction, severity of obstruction and the available skill set of the attending radiologist, endoscopist and/or surgeon. Balloons causing obstruction in the duodenum are likely amenable to endoscopic retrieval whereas impaction within the jejunum or ileum could be managed by percutaneous needle aspiration (in selected cases), endoscopy (double-balloon enteroscopy), laparoscopy or open surgery.


Assuntos
Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Balão Gástrico/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Íleo/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Migração de Corpo Estranho/etiologia , Humanos , Doenças do Íleo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Íleo/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 606-608, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672035

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The 12-mm AirSeal® port is widely used in robotically assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy due to its ability to maintain stable pneumoperitoneal pressures and smoke evacuation. However, it creates a potential risk of port site hernia. We have traditionally used EndoClose™ to perform full thickness closure of this port, but noted that patients experienced increased pain related to this procedure, which sometimes persisted for several months. Using the Da Vinci Si we performed peritoneal closure with 2-0 vicryl by switching the fourth arm to the right master controller. The external oblique sheath was closed outside with 1 Ethibond. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed this closure in 20 consecutive patients (group 1). Postoperative day 1, 2 and post-discharge telephone consultation pain scores (1-10) were recorded and compared with the previous 20 consecutive patients who had the EndoClose closure (group 2). RESULTS: We recorded an instructional video to enable reproduction of the new technique. The mean length of stay was 1.5 days for patients in group 1 and 1.9 days for those in group 2 (P = 0.04). There was no difference in operating time or average day 1 pain scores. Post-discharge follow-up call revealed 1 of 20 patients who had AirSeal port site pain in group 1 and 5 of 17 in group 2 (P = 0.04). Pain scores also tended to be higher for group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary analysis of this novel technique to close the AirSeal port in two separate layers improves postoperative pain related to this port site.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Idoso , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/efeitos adversos
10.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1386-1390, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic access to the posterosuperior and lateral parts of the right liver is difficult for blocked and deep surgical situations. We invented a novel water bag device (WBD) to improve the exposure of the right liver. METHODS: Eighteen consecutive patients with lesions isolated to the posterosuperior or lateral right liver were included in our research. They underwent laparoscopic right hepatectomy with the help of the device and were compared with previous similar laparoscopic cases of our operating surgeon. RESULTS: The device was successfully employed without related complications and provided enhanced and stable surgical exposure. All patients were operated on without the need for blood transfusions or laparotomy conversion. The median operation time and estimated blood loss were 227 minutes (range, 114-568) and 88 mL (range, 25-250), respectively. In all cases, tumor-free surgical margins were confirmed and no major complications were observed. The results were better than those in previous similar laparoscopic cases. CONCLUSIONS: The WBD is safe and effective for laparoscopic exposure when lesions are located in the posterosuperior and lateral parts of the right liver. With the help of the device, laparoscopic right liver resection is easier to perform instead of undergoing open hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/instrumentação , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
11.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1379-1385, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) has already been widely reported and analyzed. However, the laparoscopic technique for treating HCCA remains controversial because of the lack of radicality and poor assessment of the resectability of hilar structures without direct palpation. The aim of this study was to provide detailed surgical procedures and photographs of this technically demanding operation, describe our experience in assessing resectability before and during surgery, and confirm the radicality of laparoscopic resection of Bismuth type III and IV HCCA. METHODS: From November 2016 to November 2018, nine patients received laparoscopic resection of Bismuth type III or IV HCCA in our department. RESULTS: Laparoscopic right hepatectomy was performed in four patients, and laparoscopic left hepatectomy was performed in five patients. Negative margins were achieved in all patients. Complications were found in two (22.22%) patients, with bile leakage and hepatic insufficiency each in one patient. The patient developing hepatic insufficiency had persistent and ongoing liver failure and finally expired. CONCLUSION: The radicality of laparoscopic resection for Bismuth type III and IV HCCA can be technically improved through extended lymphadenectomy, visual assessment of hilar structures, and frozen section techniques.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
12.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(9): 904-914, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe a roadmap of the most representative milestones and considerations in the validation of surgical simulators, especially those of laparoscopic surgery. And additionally, help determine when in this process a simulator can be considered as validated. METHODS: A non-systematic review was carried out searching terms like simulation, validation, training, assessment, skills and learning curve, as well as providing the experience accumulated by our center. RESULTS: An ideal classical validation process should consist of the following steps: fidelity, verification/calibration/ reliability, subjective and objective strategies. Baseline tests of fidelity and verification/calibration/ technological reliability are not always detailed in the simulation literature. A simulator can be considered validated if, at least, satisfactorily completed any of the two main objective strategies, that is, constructive and/or criterion validity. CONCLUSIONS: The methodologies to validate simulators as useful and reliable for the improvement of psychomotor/ technical skills are widely analyzed, although there is a variety of approaches depending on the scientific reference consulted, not being implemented equally in all works. This apparent arbitrariness should be considered in advance because it can lead the researcher to misunderstandings, especially when the simulator will be regarded as valid.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Treinamento por Simulação , Competência Clínica , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(9): 921-925, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697252

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mesorenal tumors (those located in the renal middle line or between both poles) are complex cases for partial nephrectomy (PN). Our objective is to evaluate oncological and perioperative results of PN in these patients with mesorenal tumors greater than 4 cm, mesophytic or endophytic. METHODS: A review of the medical records of patients with tumors with these characteristics operated between January 2016 and June 2016 was performed. RESULTS: 36 cases were included. The mean age was 54.2 years (24-79) with 12 cases of male gender. Mean surgical time: 139 minutes (120-280); 30 cases with complete clamping with mean ischemia of 19 minutes (10-90) and 6 compression of the parenchyma. Mean estimated bleeding: 280 ml (100-900). Mean tumor diameter: 4.3 cm (4.0 to 7.6). Preoperative and postoperative mean glomerular filtration rate 89 ml/min and 76 ml/min (p=0.32) respectively. Median length of stay: 3.8 days (2-21). There were 2 (6.5%) complications (II and IIIb). One case (3.3%) presented positive margin. One patient died due to progression at 14 months. With a median follow-up of 52.1 months (10-168) no recurrences were observed. CONCLUSIONS: We consider that mesorenal tumors, with significant penetration within the renal parenchyma and greater than 4 cm, PN presents both oncological and satisfactory results.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(9): 926-932, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aim to present and analyze the long term results of descending transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy (TLN) technique (Tunc technique). METHODS: A total of 308 patients that underwent descending TLN were included to the study between January 2011 and March 2018. Mean operation time, mean estimated blood loss, duration of hospital stay, complications, mean tumor size, and pathologic margin status were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 308 patients underwent the descending TLN technique. Mean tumor size was 6.5±1.83 (range 3.5-12 cm). Mean intraoperative estimated blood loss was 38±6.91mL. Mean operation time was 24.97±6.8 minutes. Duration of hospital stay was1.85±0.69 days. Only one patient received postoperative blood transfusion for chronic anemia. Two of the patients had endoGIA stapler malfunction. None of the patients required conversion to open surgery intraoperative. There was no positive margin status. CONCLUSIONS: We could prove the safety and effectiveness of descending TLN technique. The main advantages of descending TLN over traditional ascending nephrectomy technique are shorter operation time and hospital stay.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Margens de Excisão , Nefrectomia/métodos
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6393-6401, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) in laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer is technically difficult, and there is a lack of consensus on the risk of bacterial contamination and cancer cell dissemination. In this study, short- and long-term outcomes of IA were examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Short and long-term outcomes of those who underwent IA (n=44) or extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) (n=61) were compared. RESULTS: IA was better than EA for blood loss, incision length, and first stool. Maximum temperature and C-reactive protein on postoperative day 1 were higher for the IA group. The rate of positive cultures from intraoperative lavage was higher for IA. The rate of positive cultures improved to an equivalent level by replacing mechanical pretreatment with chemical pretreatment. IA and EA were equivalent for the results of ascites cytology from lavage. CONCLUSION: With the use of appropriate preoperative treatment, IA takes advantage of the minimally invasive nature of laparoscopic surgery.


Assuntos
Ascite/microbiologia , Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17780, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689845

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Foreign bodies related ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis is rare and usually cause numerous problems for clinical physicians. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 36-year-old female who was referred to our hospital due to a 4-year history of dull pain on the left back. DIAGNOSIS: X-ray and abdominal CT revealed a foreign body around the upper part of the left ureter with ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopy was performed and a 3-cm sewing needle was removed successfully. OUTCOMES: After 6 months' follow-up, the patient's ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis were significantly reduced, and the double-J ureteral stent was removed. LESSONS: This case indicated that ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis caused by foreign bodies needed to be early diagnosed and located. Invasive therapies rather than conservative treatments are preferred to remove the FBs and relieve obstruction.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Hidronefrose/etiologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ureter/lesões , Obstrução Ureteral/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Hidronefrose/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Stents , Ureter/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17836, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689872

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Giant mature retroperitoneal teratoma of the adrenal region is quite rare in adults. In most cases, open adrenalectomy is required to ensure complete resection. We describe a case of bilateral giant primary mature cystic teratoma in the region of both adrenal glands in a 22-year-old female patient. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 22-year-old female patient was admitted to our hospital with no complain after detecting to have 2 giant well circumscribed masses in a routine investigation. DIAGNOSES: She was diagnosed with bilateral giant primary mature retroperitoneal teratoma of the adrenal region. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent en bloc excision of the mass through laparoscopic simultaneous resection. OUTCOMES: We carefully separated and retained most of the adrenal tissue on both sides during surgery. Pathology reported mature teratomas. Eleven days after operation, the patient made uneventful recovery and left the hospital without any complication. LESSONS: Preoperative imaging and histologic analysis confirmed mature retroperitoneal teratomas. It is feasible to treat such giant benign tumors by laparoscopic simultaneous resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Teratoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/patologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1201-1207, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inguinal hernioplasty techniques have been improved since the first hernioplasty. Tension-free techniques that apply synthetic mesh materials, as in the Lichtenstein approach, are the gold standard. Laparoscopic hernioplasty is the strongest alternative to Lichtenstein. The superiority of laparoscopic hernioplasty over Lichtenstein is a major topic of debate. In this study, we aimed to find a conclusion to this debate by comparing our totally extraperitoneal (TEP) experiences with Lichtenstein experiences. METHODS: Patients who underwent inguinal hernioplasty at the Gulhane Training and Research Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The sample included 96 TEP and 90 Lichtenstein patients for a total of 186 patients. The variables assessed were hospitalization duration, postoperative early visual analog scale score, chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications. Data were collected from patient records and via telephone questionnaire if needed. Data analysis was done by SPSS v20, using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS: Male/female ratios were similar between the TEP and Lichtenstein groups. There was no difference in mean age between groups (p=0.1). The hospital stay was shorter (p=0.0001), and early postoperative visual analog scale score was lower in the TEP group (p=0.003). Chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications (hematoma, seroma, wound infection) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: TEP is superior to Lichtenstein with shorter hospitalization duration and lower rates of early postoperative pain. No difference between the two techniques was found for chronic pain. We believe that laparoscopic hernioplasty approach may be the best alternative technique for inguinal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Parestesia/etiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17520, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that dry CO2 insufflation during laparoscopic colorectal surgery results in greater structural injury to the peritoneum and longer hospital stay than the use of warm, humidified CO2. We aimed to test the hypothesis that warm, humidified CO2 insufflation could reduce postoperative pain and improve recovery in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: One hundred fifty elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery under general anesthesia from May 2017 to October 2018 were randomly divided into 3 groups. The primary outcomes were resting pain, cough pain, and consumption of sufentanil at 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively. Quality of visual image, hemodynamic changes, esophageal temperature, mean skin temperature, mean body temperature, recovery time, days to first flatus and solid food intake, shivering, incidence of postoperative ileus, length of hospital stay, surgical site infections, patients and surgeon satisfaction scores, adverse events, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin time were recorded. RESULTS: Group CE patients were associated with significantly higher early postoperative cough pain and sufentanil consumption than the other 2 groups (P < .05). Compared with group CE, patients in both groups WH and CF had significantly reduced intraoperative hypothermia, recovery time of PACU, days to first flatus and solid food intake, and length of hospital stay, while the satisfaction scores of both patients and surgeon were significantly higher (P < .05). Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin time were significantly higher in group CE from 60 minutes after pneumoperitoneum to the end of pneumoperitoneum than the other 2 groups (P < .05). The number of patients with a shivering grade of 0 was significantly lower and grade of 3 was significantly higher in group CE than in the other 2 groups (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Use of either warm, humidified CO2 insufflations or 20°C, 0% relative humidity CO2 combined with forced-air warmer set to 38°C during insufflations can both reduce intraoperative hypothermia, dysfunction of coagulation, early postoperative cough pain, sufentanil consumption, days to first flatus, solid food intake, and length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Peritônio/lesões , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Cirurgia Colorretal/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Humanos , Umidade/efeitos adversos , Hipotermia/etiologia , Insuflação/métodos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Tremor por Sensação de Frio/fisiologia , Sufentanil/administração & dosagem , Sufentanil/uso terapêutico
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17533, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the improvements of surgical instruments and surgeons' experience, laparoscopic liver resection has been applied for recurrent tumors. However, the value of laparoscopic repeat liver resection (LRLR) is still controversial nowadays, which compelled us to conduct this meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive evidence about the efficacy of LRLR for recurrent liver cancer. METHODS: A computerized search was performed to identify all eligible trials published up to April 2019. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the perioperative data and oncological outcomes of LRLR by compared with open repeat liver resection (ORLR) and laparoscopic primary liver resection (LPLR). A fixed or random-effect modal was established to collect the data. RESULTS: A total of 1232 patients were included in this meta-analysis (LRLR: n = 364; ORLR: n = 396; LPLR: n = 472). LRLR did not increase the operative time compared to ORLR (WMD = 15.92 min; 95%CI: -33.53 to 65.37; P = .53). Conversely, LRLR for patients with recurrent tumors was associated with less intraoperative blood loss (WMD = -187.33 mL; 95%CI: -249.62 to -125.02; P < .00001), lower transfusion requirement (OR = 0.24; 95%CI: 0.06-1.03; P = .05), fewer major complications (OR = 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.76; P = .004), and shorter hospital stays (WMD = -2.31; 95%CI: -3.55 to -1.07; P = .0003). In addition, the oncological outcomes were comparable between the two groups. However, as for the safety of LRLR compared with LPLR, although the operative time in LRLR group was longer than LPLR group (WMD = 58.63 min; 95%CI: 2.99-114.27; P = .04), the blood loss, transfusion rates, R0 resection, conversion, postoperative complications, and mortality were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: LRLR for recurrent liver cancer could be safe and feasible in selected patients when performed by experienced surgeons.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/tendências , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Seleção de Pacientes , Período Perioperatório , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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