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1.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(712): 2026-2030, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112514

RESUMO

Vaginal cerclage can be used to treat cervical incompetence, thus reducing the risk of an unfavourable outcome. However, in some cases, it can be ineffective. One of the challenges for the gynaecologist-obstetrician is how to deal with a subsequent pregnancy after a failure of vaginal cerclage. The recently published MAVRIC study shows that performing abdominal cerclage prior or at the beginning of pregnancy reduces the rate of late miscarriage and premature delivery compared to vaginal cerclage. This implies a birth by caesarean section, and therefore a second surgery for the woman. However, it remains to determine the best surgical technique for abdominal cerclage. In the MAVIRC study, cerclage was done by laparotomy. It shall be elucidated whether this technique is superior to laparoscopy.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Cerclagem Cervical , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Vagina/cirurgia , Aborto Espontâneo/prevenção & controle , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Laparotomia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle
2.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 220, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Splenic rupture is an emergency condition and a vast number of cases are secondary to trauma. Several underlying pathologies have also been associated with splenic rupture, such as hematological diseases, malignancies, and infectious and inflammatory diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 52-year-old man who referred to the Poursina Hospital in Rasht while complaining of abdominal pain from the day before hospitalization. The patient reported a history of lethargy, fever, and nausea. In the examinations performed, there was a brief tenderness in the patient's epigastrium. The patient was monitored and about 12 h after hospitalization, ill appearance, respiratory (respiratory distress) symptoms, and high fever were reported for the patient. According to the examination, the patient was immediately transferred to the operating room and underwent laparotomy. During the operation, contrary to our expectations, a lot of blood (about 1000 cc) was observed in the patient's abdomen. After blood suctioning, the left upper quadrant (LUQ) was bleeding and the rupture of the spleen could also be observed. Therefore, a splenectomy was performed. In the examinations performed for the patient, the patient's rtPCR test confirmed COVID-19. CONCLUSION: The evaluation of the spontaneous splenic rupture (SSR) in our case shows that this type of risk should also be considered in patients with COVID-19 who refer to medical centers with abdominal pain, and if more cases are reported, the correctness of this process can be commented on.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Esplenectomia , Ruptura Esplênica/diagnóstico , Ruptura Esplênica/etiologia , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Emergências , Hospitalização , Humanos , Laparotomia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Ruptura Espontânea , Ruptura Esplênica/cirurgia
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (10): 68-72, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of various perioperative risk factors on the incidence of abdominal wound dehiscence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective controlled randomized trial of the risk factors of abdominal wound dehiscence was conducted in 62 patients for the period 2013- 2018. The research was performed at the Perm City Clinical Hospital No. 4. All patients were divided into two groups: the main one (n=31) with abdominal wound dehiscence in early postoperative period and the control group (n=31) without this event. Both groups were comparable by gender, age and surgical abdominal diseases. Between-group differences in numerical indicators were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U-test, qualitative variables were analyzed using contingency tables. Differences were significant at p-value <0.05. RESULTS: Incidence of abdominal wound dehiscence was similar in patients who admitted in emergency and elective fashion (p=0.54). Anemia upon admission (p=0.71), diabetes mellitus type 2 (p=1.00), COPD (p=0.13) and obesity (p=0.76) were not significant predictors of abdominal wound dehiscence. There were significant between-group differences in CRP level (p=0.04). Among intraoperative risk factors, duration of surgery (p=0.78), surgical approach (p=1.00), aponeurosis suturing technique (p=0.39) and stoma (p=0.71) did not significantly affect the incidence of abdominal wound dehiscence. In early postoperative period, abdominal wound dehiscence correlated with peritonitis (p=0.04), SSI (p<0.01) and redo laparotomy (p=0.02). CONCLUSION: Despite the variety of pre-, intra- and postoperative risk factors, only infectious postoperative complications (SSI, peritonitis) and redo surgical interventions influenced the development of abdominal wound dehiscence. Thus, the concept of abdominal wound dehiscence prevention should be inextricably associated with the concept of prevention of postoperative infectious complications from the abdominal wall and abdominal cavity.


Assuntos
Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Peritonite/etiologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/sangue
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e21987, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019391

RESUMO

Intravenous fluid prescription is an essential part of postoperative care and may play a causal role in postoperative complications. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between intraoperative fluid administration and postoperative outcomes in a large cohort of pediatric patients.This analysis included a retrospective review of 172 patients who underwent gastroenterological surgery from January 2012 to September 2018 at an academic tertiary care hospital. Patients were evaluated based on the median amount of corrected crystalloids and subsequently dichotomized as low (<25.89 mL/kg h) versus high (>25.89 mL/kg h). The primary outcome measure was the postoperative length of hospital stay (pLOS). Secondary outcome measures included the postoperative time to restore gastroenterological functions and postoperative complications.Patients who received larger amounts of crystalloids were more likely to have a lower intraoperative level of hemoglobin (P = .78) and an intraoperative blood transfusion (P = .27). There were trends toward lower incidence rates of hyperchloremic acidosis (P = .375) and metabolic acidosis (P = .54) in the high crystalloid administration cohort. The incidence of postoperative complications increased as the amount of administered fluid decreased (P = .046). The total length of hospital stay was shorter in patients who received high volumes of crystalloid fluid (19.5 [15.75-32.25] days) than in patients who received low volumes (22 [16-29.5] days, P = .283).Significant and multifaceted variability in crystalloid administration was noted among pediatric patients undergoing major surgery. High fluid administration was associated with favorable postoperative outcomes; these findings could be applied to improve patient safety and facilitate better quality of care.


Assuntos
Soluções Cristaloides/administração & dosagem , Enterocolite Necrosante/terapia , Hidratação/métodos , Administração Intravenosa , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/métodos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 242, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A retained surgical sponge, also known as a gossypiboma, is a rare cause of serious postoperative complications. Diverse retained surgical materials including instruments such as clamps and sutures have been reported, but surgical sponges are the most common material. We report an unusual case of a gossypiboma mimicking a complicated urachal cyst that led to perforation of the umbilicus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old female patient presented in our facility with a palpable periumbilical mass and discharge of pus from the umbilicus for 7 months after an open appendectomy. Since the onset of symptoms, the patient had been treated conservatively in a peripheral hospital where she had been operated on. As no improvement was seen, an ultrasound scan was performed that suggested an intraperitoneal abscess adjacent to the umbilicus. Consequently, the patient was referred to our specialist outpatient department for surgical intervention. Suspecting a complicated urachal cyst, an exploratory laparotomy was performed but revealed a retained surgical sponge as the underlying cause. The gossypiboma was resected, and the postoperative period was unremarkable. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that gossypibomas, even though rare, continue to occur. They may clinically and radiologically mimic other pathologies, especially abscesses and tumors. Preventive measures as well as the inclusion of gossypibomas in the differential diagnosis of intraabdominal masses or fistulation detected in patients with a history of surgery are of utmost importance to minimize morbidity, mortality, and potential medicolegal implications.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal/etiologia , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Laparotomia/métodos , Tampões de Gaze Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Umbigo/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia , Cisto do Úraco
6.
Ann Ital Chir ; 91: 235-238, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877383

RESUMO

The present pandemic caused by the SARS COV-2 coronavirus is still ongoing, although it is registered a slowdown in the spread for new cases. The main environmental route of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is through droplets and fomites or surfaces, but there is a potential risk of virus spread also in smaller aerosols during various medical procedures causing airborne transmission. To date, no information is available on the risk of contagion from the peritoneal fluid with which surgeons can come into contact during the abdominal surgery on COVID-19 patients. We have investigated the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the peritoneal cavity of patients affected by COVID-19, intraoperatively and postoperatively. KEY WORDS: Covid-19, Laparotomy, Surgery.


Assuntos
Líquido Ascítico/virologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparotomia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Viremia/transmissão , Aerossóis , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Divertículo/complicações , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/sangue , Perfuração Intestinal/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/virologia , Período Intraoperatório , Nasofaringe/virologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Risco , Soro/virologia , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/sangue , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/complicações , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/virologia , Viremia/virologia
7.
N Z Med J ; 133(1521): 102-105, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994641

RESUMO

Foreign body ingestion is not uncommon in patients with mental disorders, alcohol intoxication and for purposes of drug trafficking. Small objects pass spontaneously; however, larger ones may get stuck in the oesophagus, stomach or at narrow areas of the bowel. 'Body packers' is a term used to describe persons who swallow or insert drug-filled packets into a body cavity. They are also called 'swallowers', 'internal carriers', 'couriers' or 'mules'. We report a 37-year-old previous drug abuser who presented with dysphagia. Upper GI endoscopy showed an oblong foreign body covered in plastic in the lower oesophagus. This could not be extracted and hence was pushed into the stomach. Three weeks later, he presented with bowel obstruction that was shown on abdominal radiograph and confirmed by CT indicating multiple dilated small bowel loops with a transition point in the terminal ileum where the ingested package was identified. The package was then removed through a longitudinal enterotomy. Ingested foreign bodies causing dysphagia should ideally be extracted endoscopically. If not possible, then a watch-and-wait policy may be justified. While most ingested objects pass spontaneously, unusual and larger ones may require surgical extraction. The contents, nature and reason for ingesting this strange object remain a mystery. With history of drug abuse and the consistent denial of knowingly swallowing that object, we can only conclude that the patient was trying to transport an illicit drug in the packet.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos , Obstrução Intestinal , Adulto , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Íleo/diagnóstico por imagem , Íleo/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparotomia , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 589-599, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957747

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the long-term oncological outcomes between laparoscopic and abdominal surgery in stage Ⅰa1 (lymph-vascular space invasion-positive, LVSI+)- Ⅰb1 cervical cancer patients with different tumor sizes. Methods: Based on the Big Database of Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Cancer in China (1538 project database), patients with stage Ⅰa1 (LVSI+)-Ⅰb1 cervical cancer who treated by laparoscopic or abdominal surgery were included. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) between the two surgical approaches were compared under 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) in different tumor diameter stratification. Results: (1) A total of 4 891 patients with stage Ⅰa1 (LVSI+)-Ⅰb1 cervical cancer who underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2016 were included in the 1538 project database. Among them, 1 926 cases in the laparoscopic group and 2 965 cases in the abdominal group. There were no difference in 5-year OS and 5-year DFS between the two groups before matching. Cox multivariate analysis suggested that laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower 5-year DFS (HR=1.367, 95%CI: 1.105-1.690, P=0.004). After 1∶1 PSM matching, 1 864 patients were included in each group, and there was no difference in 5-year OS between the two groups (94.1% vs 95.4%, P=0.151). While, the inferior 5-year DFS was observed in the laparoscopic group (89.0% vs 92.3%, P=0.004). And the laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower 5-year DFS (HR=1.420, 95%CI: 1.109-1.818, P=0.006). (2) In stratification analysis of different tumor sizes, and there were no difference in 5-year OS and 5-year DFS between the laparoscopic group and abdominal group in tumor size ≤1 cm, >1-2 cm and >2-3 cm stratification (all P>0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that laparoscopic surgery were not related to 5-year OS and 5-year DFS (P>0.05). In the stratification of tumor size >3-4 cm, there was no difference in 5-year OS between the two groups (P>0.05). The 5-year DFS in the laparoscopic group was worse than that in the abdominal group (75.7% vs 85.8%, P=0.025). Cox multivariate analysis suggested that laparoscopic surgery was associated with lower 5-year DFS (HR=1.705, 95%CI: 1.088-2.674, P=0.020). Conclusions: For patients with stage Ⅰa1 (LVSI+)-Ⅰb1 cervical cancer, laparoscopic surgery is associated with lower 5-year DFS, and the adverse effect of laparoscopic surgery on oncology prognosis is mainly reflected in patients with tumor size >3-4 cm. For patients with tumor sizes ≤1 cm, >1-2 cm and >2-3 cm, there are no difference in oncological prognosis between the two surgical approaches.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparotomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 888-895, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927514

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy between laparoscopy and open surgery for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) larger than 2 cm. Methods: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria: long diameter of primary gastric GIST > 2 cm; undergoing laparoscopy or open surgery; diagnosis confirmed by postoperative pathology without distant metastasis; without preoperative targeted therapy. Clinicopathological data of 857 gastric GIST patients, including 320 in PLA General Hospital, 284 in Shanghai Renji Hospital, 175 in Wuhan Union Hospital and 78 in Tianjin Cancer Hospital, from January 2010 to May 2017 were retrospectively collected. There were 418 males and 439 females, mainly aged between 50 and 70 years old. Among 857 patients, 413 were in the laparoscopy group and 444 in the open group. The nearest neighbor matching of propensity score matching method was conducted with 1:1 matching based on tumor location and size between laparoscopy and open group to obtain samples of covariate equilibrium, and the caliper value was 0.04. The t test, χ(2) test and Wilcoxon rank test were used to compare short-term efficacy, and the Kaplan-Meier curve and log rank test were applied to compare long-term outcomes between the two groups. Results: After propensity score matching, laparoscopy group and open group both enrolled 293 cases. The baseline data, including age, gender, tumor location, tumor long diameter, NIH classification, etc. were not significantly different between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the open group, the laparoscopy group had less intraoperative blood loss [<100 ml: 2.9% (155/293) vs. 36.2% (106/293), Z=-12.857, P<0.001], shorter time to postoperative feeding [(4.0±0.2) days vs. (5.3±0.9) days, t=1.505, P=0.003] and to the removal of drainage tube [(4.8±1.0) days vs. (6.5±1.0) days, t=1.847, P=0.008], and shorter postoperative hospital stay [(8.6±0.3) days vs. (10.5±0.3) days, t=4.235, P<0.001]. Subgroups analysis according to anatomical location: (1) Gastric cardia and pylorus: there were no statistically significant differences in perioperative parameters between the two groups (all P>0.05). (2) Stomach base: feeding time after surgery [(4.0±0.2) days vs. (4.5±0.2) days, t=0.512, P=0.038], drainage tube removal time [(5.1±0.4) days vs. (6.4±0.6) days, t=0.517, P=0.044], postoperative hospital stay [(8.0±0.5) days vs. (11.1±0.9) days, t=0.500, P=0.002] were all significantly shorter in the laparoscopy group as compared to the open group, while the differences in other perioperative parameters were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (3) Lesser curvature of the stomach: the laparoscopy group had less intraoperative blood loss [<100 ml ratio: 58.1% (43/74) vs. 33.7% (25/74), Z=7.632, P=0.034], shorter gastric tube removal time [(2.7±0.2) days vs. (3.2±0.3) days, t=0.503, P=0.007], earlier postoperative passage of gas [(2.8±0.1) days vs. (3.4±0.2) days, t=0.532, P=0.030], earlier postoperative feeding [(3.6±0.2) days vs. (4.3±0.2) days, t=0.508, P=0.020], shorter drainage tube removal time [(4.2±0.4) days vs. (5.7±0.5) days, t=0.508, P=0.020] and postoperative hospital stay [(8.3±0.6) days vs. (10.7±0.3) days, t=0.502, P=0.006] as compared to the open group. (4) Great curvature of the stomach: the laparoscopy group presented less intraoperative blood loss [<100 ml ratio: 52.7% (39/74) vs. 36.5% (27/74), Z=7.681, P=0.032], earlier gastric tube removal [(2.6±0.2) days vs. (3.6±0.2) days, t=0.501, P=0.001], earlier postoperative passage of gas [(2.7±0.2) days vs. (3.4±0.2) days, t=0.501, P=0.016], earlier postoperative feeding [(3.6±0.2) days vs. (4.7±0.2) days, t=0.500, P=0.001], shorter drainage tube removal time [(4.0±0.5) days to (5.9±0.4) days, t=0.508, P=0.002] and postoperative hospital stay [(7.5±0.3) days to (9.5±0.1) days, t=0.500, P=0.001] than the open group. Subgroup analysis according to tumor size: (1) Tumor long diameter 2.0-5.0 cm: the laparoscopy group had earlier passage of gas [(2.9±0.1) days vs. (3.5±0.1) days, t=0.500, P=0.001], earlier postoperative feeding [(4.5±0.1) days vs. (5.0±0.2) days, t=0.501, P=0.013], shorter drainage tube removal time [(4.8±0.3) days vs. (6.0±0.3) days, t=0.511, P=0.008] and postoperative hospital stay [(8.1±0.4) days to (10.1±0.3) days, t=0.513, P=0.001] than the open group. (2) Tumor long diameter 5.1-10.0 cm: in the laparoscopic group, postoperative feeding time [(4.0±0.2) days vs. (4.7±0.2) days, t=0.506, P=0.015], drainage tube removal time [(4.6±0.4) days vs. (6.4±0.5)) days, t=0.501, P=0.004], postoperative hospital stay [(8.2±0.3) days vs. (10.9±0.6) days, t=0.500, P=0.001] were all shorter than those in the open group. No intraoperative and postoperative complications were observed in each group. The 5-year recurrence-free survival rates of the laparoscopy group and the open group were 95.4% and 91.6%, respectively (P=0.734), and the 5-year overall survival rates were 93.8% and 90.8% (P=0.691), respectively, and the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusions: In experienced medical centers, laparoscopic surgery for gastric GIST larger than 2 cm is safe and feasible, and can achieve comparable efficacy with open surgery. For gastric GISTs which do not locate in the greater curvature and the anterior wall of the stomach, and whose long diameter is ≤5 cm, laparoscopic surgery does not increase the risk of recurrence and metastasis, and can accelerate postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Laparotomia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Chirurg ; 91(11): 979-988, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945917

RESUMO

The management of patients with penetrating abdominal trauma has significantly changed in recent years. While exploratory laparotomy was the gold standard in Germany in all patients up to the 1970s, selective nonoperative management (SNOM) is increasingly being discussed in hemodynamically stable patients without pathological findings in computed tomography (CT) scan or extended focussed assessment with sonography for trauma (eFAST). A standard algorithm taking a balance between invasiveness, patient safety and the use of resources into account has still to be implemented in Germany. The presented algorithm includes an immediate laparotomy in hemodynamically unstable patients as damage control surgery followed by a second look procedure after 48 h. Hemodynamically stable patients should primarily undergo diagnostic laparoscopy and be treated by early total care surgery, depending on the clinical and diagnostic imaging findings. Patients without clinical symptoms or pathological findings in imaging studies should be treated according to SNOM with close clinical controls.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Alemanha , Humanos , Laparotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia
11.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(3): 131-135, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901901

RESUMO

Retained products of conception (RPOC) refer to the persistence of placental or fetal tissue in the uterus following delivery or miscarriage. RPOC may cause massive postpartum or post-abortion hemorrhage. Arterial embolization (AE) is an effective choice of management for postpartum hemorrhage including RPOC. We report a case of hemorrhagic RPOC, in which uterine artery embolization with transcervical resection did not achieve hemostasis, and laparotomy with uterine compression sutures was subsequently required. The RPOC was apparently fed by an aberrant branch derived from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). AE of IMA was not performed because of possible necrosis of the descending colon and rectum. A physician should be aware that AE is not an all-encompassing hemostatic technique for postpartum bleeding, such as with RPOC, and should keep alternatives in mind.


Assuntos
Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Laparotomia/métodos , Artéria Mesentérica Inferior , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/cirurgia , Placenta Retida/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Colo/patologia , Contraindicações , Feminino , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Necrose , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Retida/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Reto/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Embolização da Artéria Uterina/efeitos adversos
12.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 76(3): 164-166, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969365

RESUMO

The World Health Organization has declared novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a global public health emergency. Although respiratory symptoms predominate in COVID-19, thrombosis can occur in patients with COVID-19. This paper reports a case of an 82-year-old female with a prior medical history of hypertension, diabetes presenting with fever and cough, and was diagnosed with COVID-19. The patient subsequently developed progressively worsening of abdominal distention, tenderness, and underwent emergent laparotomy. She was found to have a gangrenous colon. This case adds to the limited literature regarding the extrapulmonary complications of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Colite/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Abdome/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Colite/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Laparotomia , Necrose , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5743-5750, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Angiosarcoma of primary gynecologic origin is an extremely rare and highly malignant tumor of endothelial origin with a 5-year survival rate of less than 35%. To date, only 61 cases have been described in the literature. The aim of this study was to present more cases and discuss potential therapy options. CASE REPORT: The following case series presents three cases of gynecologic angiosarcomas that were under therapy at the Charité - University medicine of Berlin from June 2014 to February 2018. RESULTS: Two of the cases deal with primary angiosarcomas of the uterus whereas the third case was diagnosed after the suspicion of a recurrence of a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix uteri. In case one a 75-year old patient with initial postmenopausal bleeding and a tumor mass of the uterus is described. After surgery a hemangiosarcoma of the uterus was confirmed. After two months the patient presented with a presacral peritoneal sarcomatosis. Chemotherapy of weekly paclitaxel was administered. Case two deals with a patient presenting with abdominal pain. A uterine sarcoma with infiltration of the parametry and angiosarcomatosis peritonei was diagnosed during an emergency laparotomy because of spontaneous peritoneal bleeding. Moreover, osseous metastasis was found. The patient underwent weekly paclitaxel. Due to tumor progression, chemotherapy was changed to doxorubicin and olaratumab and radiotherapy was induced. The patient died 33 months after initial diagnosis. Case three describes a 34-year old patient with suspected local recurrence of cervical cancer with infiltration of the bladder. During TURB an angiosarcoma was found. Following laparoscopy revealed peritoneal metastasis. The patient underwent weekly paclitaxel followed by a paclitaxel and pazopanib maintainance therapy which showed a regression. Due to progression afterwards, chemotherapy was changed to gemcitabine and docetaxel and gemcitabine monotherapy. The patient died 33 months after initial diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Even though there is no evidence on standard treatment of this extremely rare and aggressive tumor entity of the female genital tract the patients showed the longest stability of disease during chemotherapy with weekly paclitaxel.


Assuntos
Tratamento Farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/tratamento farmacológico , Hemangiossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/cirurgia , Hemangiossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/patologia , Hemangiossarcoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparotomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos
14.
Arch Iran Med ; 23(9): 639-643, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979913

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) presents clinical manifestations similar to the influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV). However, in the course of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), various pathological complications of high clinical significance have remained unknown. Impaired blood supply to the visceral vascular system can cause serious life-threatening acute damage. We report a case of extensive acute mesenteric ischemia associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection confirmed in a patient hospitalized in Amin Hospital - a COVID-19 referral center in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. This case highlights the importance of paying attention to serious and less common or less known clinical manifestations other than fever, dry cough, dyspnea, and myalgia.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Isquemia Mesentérica/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Laparotomia , Masculino , Isquemia Mesentérica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Mesentérica/cirurgia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Radiografia Torácica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21448, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756164

RESUMO

To investigate the diagnostic performance of ultrasound (US) for pregnant women with previous caesarean section (CS) occurring lower uterine segment (LUS) dehiscence and rupture.107 pregnant women with previous CS and LUS thickness of 1.0 mm or less were recruited, the LUS and myometrium was measured, and US findings suggestive of uterine rupture were compared with findings at laparotomy. The included pregnant women were assigned into 2 groups, including 64 pregnant women had vaginal delivery at full-term and 43 pregnant women underwent repeat CS at preterm.US findings suggestive of uterine rupture and dehiscence occurred in 18 women and 89 women, respectively; ten of them developed uterine rupture, and the incidence of uterine rupture was 9.34% (10/107). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive, and negative predictive values of US for the evaluation of LUS dehiscence and rupture were 100.0%, 91.8%, 92.5%, 55.6%, and 100.0%, respectively. There was no severe maternal obstetric complication, 1 fetus died, and the other fetuses were born with a 5-minute Apgar score of 7 to 10.US has high sensitivity and specificity for pregnant women with previous CS occurring LUS dehiscence and rupture.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Miométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/tendências , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Incidência , Laparotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/epidemiologia , Ruptura Uterina/epidemiologia , Útero/patologia
17.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202533, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844914

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to trauma quality indicators as a tool to identify opportunities of improvement in elderly trauma patient's' treatment. METHODS: prospective analysis of data collected between 2014-2015, and stored in the iTreg software (by Ecossistemas). Trauma victims, aged older than 60 years and trauma quality indicators were assessed, based on those supported by SBAIT in 2013: (F1) Acute subdural hematoma drainage after 4 hours from admission, in patients with GCS<9; (F2) emergency room transference without definitive airway and GCS <9; (F3) Re-intubation within 48 hours from extubation; (F4) Admission-laparotomy time greater than 60 min. in hemodynamically uinstable patients with abdominal bleeding; (F5) Unprogrammed reoperation; (F6) Laparotomy after 4 hours from admission; (F7) Unfixed femur diaphyseal fracture; (F8) Non-operative treatment for abdominal gunshot; (F9) Admission-tibial exposure fracture treatment time greater than 6 hours; (F10) Surgery after 24 from admission. The indicators, treatments, adverse effects and deaths were analyzed, using the SPSS software, and the chi-squared and Fisher tests were used to calculate the statistical relevance. RESULTS: from the 92 cases, 36 (39,1%) had complications and 15 (16,3%) died. The adequate use of quality indicator's were substantially different among those who survived (was of 12%) compared to those who died (55,6%). The incidence of complications was of 77,8% (7/9) in patients with compromised indicators and 34,9% (28/83) in those without (p=0.017). CONCLUSIONS: trauma quality indicators are directly related with the occurrence of complications and deaths, in elderly trauma patients.


Assuntos
Extubação , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/cirurgia , Laparotomia , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Idoso , Atenção , Feminino , Cirurgia Geral , Hemorragia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Am Surg ; 86(9): 1135-1143, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trauma centers are receiving increasing numbers of older trauma patients. There is a lack of literature on the outcomes for elderly trauma patients who undergo damage control laparotomy (DCL). We hypothesized that trauma centers with geriatric protocols would have better outcomes in elderly patients after DCL. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of consecutive adult trauma patients with DCL at 8 level 1 trauma centers was conducted from 2012 to 2018. Patients aged 40 or older were included. Age ≥ 55 years was defined as elderly. Demographics, injury information, clinical outcomes, including mortality, and complications were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 379 patients with DCLs were identified with an average age of 54.8 ± 0.4 years with 39.3% (n = 149/379) of patients aged ≥ 55. Geriatric protocols or a consulting geriatric service was present at 37.5% (n = 3/8) of institutions. Age ≥ 55 was a significant risk factor for in-hospital mortality (OR 2, 95% CI 1.0-4.0, P = .04). Institutions without dedicated geriatric trauma protocols/services had higher overall in-hospital mortality on both univariate (57.9% vs 34.3%, P = .02) and multivariate analyses (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.4, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical management of older trauma patients remains a challenge. Geriatric protocols or dedicated services were found to be associated with improved outcomes. Future efforts should focus on standardizing the availability of these resources at trauma centers.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Laparotomia/métodos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 1032-1035, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoendoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) provides advantages over traditional THE by not only avoiding laparotomy but by also allowing more precise esophageal mobilization. Occasionally, the length of the gastric conduit is insufficient to allow delivery into the neck after laparoscopic mobilization and requires laparotomy to complete the procedure. We hypothesize that the need for laparotomy will correlate with the measurement of mediastinal height (distance from thoracic vertebrae T1-T12) on chest CT. METHODS: Medical records of all patients who underwent attempted laparoendoscopic-assisted THE at a tertiary referral center between March 1, 2003 and January 31, 2019 were reviewed. Patients' mediastinal height was measured using computed tomography (CT) imaging of the chest by investigators and analyzed for correlation between mediastinal height and successful completion of a totally laparoendoscopic procedure. RESULTS: A total of 21 cases met inclusion criteria: 9 successful laparoendoscopic THE procedures and 12 failed laparoendoscopic THE procedures (those requiring addition of a mini-laparotomy or thoracotomy). The mean mediastinal length for successful laparoendoscopic surgery was 23.5 cm, whereas the mean mediastinal length for failed laparoscopic surgeries was 24.8 cm (P = .03). Patient's overall height was not found to correlate with the need for conversion. CONCLUSIONS: Shorter mediastinal length is associated with successful laparoendoscopic or laparoscopic THE. This information is readily available to clinicians from routine preoperative staging studies (chest CT) and may be used to potentially predict the success rate of a totally laparoendoscopic approach and aid in patient selection. Further prospective evaluation of these findings is warranted.


Assuntos
Regras de Decisão Clínica , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Esofagectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparotomia , Mediastino/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Seleção de Pacientes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 981-984, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779473

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Damage control laparotomy (DCL) is a life-saving surgical technique, but the resultant open abdomen (OA) carries serious morbidity/mortality. Many methods are utilized to manage OAs, but discrepancy exists in distinguishing closure from coverage techniques. We observed a difference in our DCL patient outcomes managed with the Wittmann Patch (WP) closure device versus the more popular ABThera (AB) coverage device. We hypothesized that the WP contributed to an improved fascial closure rate of the OAs after DCL. METHODS: A retrospective review of OAs managed with the AB or WP at our Level 1 trauma center was performed using billing codes to capture DCL patients from 2011 to 2019. Patients were divided into AB alone or WP groups. Major endpoints included primary fascial closure (PFC) and delayed fascial closure (DFC, fascial closure after greater than 7 days). RESULTS: 189 patients were identified as AB and 38 as WP. Rates of death before closure, age, gender, and Injury Severity Score were similar in both groups. PFC = 81%-90% for AB versus WP, respectively. Excluding patients with preexisting hernias PFC = 87%-100% for AB versus WP (P < .05) and DFC = 44%-100% for AB versus WP (P ≤ 0.001). WP had a statistically higher rate of PFC and DFC. There was a decreased incidence of complications in the WP versus AB group. CONCLUSIONS: While not well reported in the peer-reviewed literature, the application of the WP for management of the OA is an active form of pursuing PFC when compared with the AB, a coverage device. Our interinstitutional results have demonstrated superior PFC and DFC rates and fewer complications, in patients managed with the WP compared with the AB.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos Abdominais/instrumentação , Laparotomia , Adulto , Idoso , Fasciotomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
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