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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23886, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared the intubation skills obtained by novice doctors following training using 3 instruments, the conventional Macintosh laryngoscope (Mac) and 2 types of indirect video-laryngoscopes (McGrathTM-MAC: McGrath (McG) and AirwayScope (AWS)), to determine the most appropriate instrument for novice doctors to acquire intubation skills, especially focusing on visual confirmation of vocal cords, during a 3-day intensive manikin training program. METHODS: Fifteen novice doctors who did not have sufficient experience in endotracheal intubation (ETI) and consented to participate in this study were included. We used AirSim and AMT (Airway management Trainer) manikins. First, an experienced anesthesiologist instructed the trainees on using the 3 instruments for a few minutes. Then, after familiarizing themselves with each device for 10 minutes, the participants attempted ETI on the 2 manikins with the 3 devices used in random order. Intubations with each device were practiced and performed for 3 successive days. We assessed the percentage of glottic opening (POGO) score, successful intubation rate and tracheal intubation time for each participant, with each device, and on each day. RESULTS: In the first manikin, AirSim, POGO scores in the McG and AWS groups were significantly higher than those in the Mac group on all 3 days (P < .0001). The number of intubation failures in the Mac group decreased from 2 cases on day 1, to 1 case on day 2 and zero cases on day 3. There were no failures in the McG and AWS groups on any of the days. With the second manikin, AMT, POGO scores in the Mac group were significantly lower than those in the McG and AWS groups on all 3 days. There were no intubation failures in the AWS group on all 3 days. In the Mac group, the number of intubation failures decreased from 3 on day 1, to 2 on day 2 and zero failures on day 3. In the McG group, there were only 3 failures on day 1. CONCLUSION: The 2 types of indirect video-laryngoscopes (McGRATH and AirwayScope) were demonstrated to be suitable instruments for novice doctors to achieve higher POGO scores in a 3-day intensive ETI training.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação Médica Continuada , Laringoscópios , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Manequins , Gravação em Vídeo
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 123-127, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397862

RESUMO

Traditional Direct laryngoscope (DL) has been used by anesthesiologist during intubation for general anesthesia patients for more than a century. Video laryngoscope (VL) helps in better visualization of laryngeal orifice during intubation and reduces intubation time. This was a cross sectional study conducted in two Asian Hospitals Queen Elizabeth II hospital of Kotakinabalu, Malaysia and King Faisal Hospital Taif of Saudi Arabia to assess the first-pass success of video laryngoscope and to compare with direct laryngoscope from July 2015 to December 2017. Random lottery technique was applied for sampling. Participants of both groups (VL and DL) were enrolled by simple lottery method. Total 146 patients were enrolled with a set inclusion criterion. Mallampati class, mouth opening, thyromental distance and mobility of atlantooccipital junction were set as predictors of first-pass success. The first-pass success was 98.7% in mallampati II patients and 92.8% in mallampati III patients. Average success rate was 95.75%. The mean success rate of VL and DL was compared and was found VL had a significantly better first-pass success rate than DL (p<0.05).


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal , Laringoscópios , Anestesia Geral , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Laringoscopia
7.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(12): 1137-1142, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342129

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of curved suspension laryngoscope assistant transoral surgery (CLATOS) in the examination of hypopharynx, and diagnosis and surgery of early hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Thirty-four patients who underwent detailed examination for lower part of hypopharynx and surgery for early hypopharyngeal carcinoma with CLATOS technique in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2019 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The age ranged from 42 to 74 years old including 28 males and 6 females. Among them, 25 patients complaining of foreign body sensation in the pharynx for more than half a year with a poor exposure of the lower pharynx in the examination with flexible laryngoscope in the outpatient department were admitted to the hospital for the further examination with rigid curved laryngoscopy and 9 patients with stage T1-2 hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma were operated with CLATOS technique. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data were analized. Results: One case of squamous cell carcinoma in esophageal entrance (T1N0M0) and one case of carcinoma in pyriform sinus (T1N0M0) with cervical esophageal carcinoma (T1N0M0) were found in the 25 patients with foreign body sensation in the pharynx. En bloc resection of cancer was obtained in 9 patients with stage T1-2 hypopharyngeal carcinomas and 2 of them underwent tracheotomy. One patient with T1 retrocricoid carcinoma was found to have a carcinoma in situ at the lower part of posterior hypopharyngeal wall in the examination during follow-up, which was resected simultaneously. Postoperatively this patient developed a stenosis in the esophageal entrance, which was dilated twice until swallowing normally. Two patients of T2N0M0 and one of T2N1M0 underwent bilateral neck lymph node dissection just after the removal of primary tumors. During follow-up, none of the 9 patients showed tumor recurrence and complications such as dysphonia and dyspnea. Conclusion: CLATOS technique can provide a promising way in the examination of hypopharynx and the detection of early lesions of hypopharynx and esophageal entrance, and this technique has also the advantages such as full visual angle and easy operation for the resection of early hypopharyngeal carcinoma. The quality of life of patients can be improved while the tumor is removed en bloc with this technique.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas , Laringoscópios , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/cirurgia , Hipofaringe/cirurgia , Laringoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Med Life ; 13(3): 431-434, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072220

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare Miller and Macintosh laryngoscopes in zero to 4-year-old children. A total of 72 children with a score of I and II, according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, who were candidates for elective surgery with general anesthesia and tracheal intubation were enrolled in the study. The children were divided into two equal groups (36 persons) according to used laryngoscope: Miller laryngoscope (group 1) and Macintosh laryngoscope (group 2). Observations and all laryngoscopies were performed by a single experienced anesthesiologist. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, non-invasive arterial blood pressure, and hemoglobin saturation were measured and recorded. The number of endotracheal intubation attempts and complications were also recorded for both groups. In terms of gender, the first group consisted of 88.9% boys and 11.1% girls, and the second group consisted of 66.6% boys and 33.3% girls (p-value=0.05). The mean age was 16.7 months in the first group and 17.7 months in the second group (p-value=0.5). The mean weight of the children was 16988.5 g and 16300 g in the Miller and Macintosh groups, respectively (p-value=0.9). Regarding the Cormack-Lehane classification system, 5 patients were classified as grade 1 (13.9%), 14 patients as grade 2 (38.9%), 15 patients as grade 3 (41.7%), and 2 patients as grade 4 (5.6%) in the Macintosh group. In contrast, in the Miller group, 5 patients were classified as grade 1 (13.9%), 27 patients as grade 2 (75%), and 4 patients as grade 3 (11.1%) (p-value=0.004). These results can provide more data about the tracheal intubation method with the Macintosh and Miller laryngoscopes, the ease of intubation, and the best laryngoscopic view with each blade.


Assuntos
Laringoscopia , Anestesia Geral , Pressão Sanguínea , Diástole , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Intratraqueal , Laringoscópios , Masculino , Sístole
10.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2429-2433, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018497

RESUMO

Manual assessment from experts in neonatal endotracheal intubation (ETI) training is a time-consuming and tedious process. Such subjective, highly variable, and resource-intensive assessment method may not only introduce inter-rater/intra-rater variability, but also represent a serious limitation in many large-scale training programs. Moreover, poor visualization during the procedure prevents instructors from observing the events occurring within the manikin or the patient, which introduces an additional source of error into the assessment. In this paper, we propose a physics-based virtual reality (VR) ETI simulation system that captures the entire motions of the laryngoscope and the endotracheal tube (ETT) in relation to the internal anatomy of the virtual patient. Our system provides a complete visualization of the procedure, offering instructors with comprehensive information for accurate assessment. More importantly, an interpretable machine learning algorithm was developed to automatically assess the ETI performance by training on the performance parameters extracted from the motions and the scores rated by experts. Our results show that the leave-one-out-cross-validation (LOOCV) classification accuracy of the automated assessment algorithm is 80%, which indicates that our system can reliably conduct a consistent and standardized assessment for ETI training.


Assuntos
Laringoscópios , Realidade Virtual , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Intratraqueal , Interface Usuário-Computador
11.
West J Emerg Med ; 21(5): 1080-1083, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970558

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Barrier enclosures have been developed to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission to healthcare providers during intubation, but little is known about their impact on procedure performance. We sought to determine whether a barrier enclosure delays time to successful intubation by experienced airway operators. METHODS: We conducted a crossover simulation study at a tertiary academic hospital. Participants watched a four-minute video, practiced one simulated intubation with a barrier enclosure, and then completed one intubation with and one without the barrier enclosure (randomized to determine order). The primary outcome measure was time from placement of the video laryngoscope at the lips to first delivered ventilation. Secondary outcomes were periprocedural complications and participant responses to a post-study survey. RESULTS: Proceduralists (n = 50) from emergency medicine and anesthesiology had median intubation times of 23.6 seconds with practice barrier enclosure, 20.5 seconds with barrier enclosure, and 16.7 seconds with no barrier. Intubation with barrier enclosure averaged 4.5 seconds longer (95% confidence interval, 2.7-6.4, p < .001) than without, but was less than the predetermined clinical significance threshold of 10 seconds. Three complications occurred, all during the practice intubation. Barrier enclosure made intubation more challenging according to 48%, but 90% indicated they would consider using it in clinical practice. CONCLUSION: Experienced airway operators performed intubation using a barrier enclosure with minimal increased time to procedure completion in this uncomplicated airway model. Given potential to reduce droplet spread, use of a barrier enclosure may be an acceptable adjunct to endotracheal intubation for those familiar with its use.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Anestesiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Cross-Over , Medicina de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Laringoscópios , Masculino , Manequins , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Fatores de Tempo
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237593, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Managing difficult pediatric airway is challenging. The MultiViewScope (MVS) Stylet Scope is reported to be useful in difficult pediatric airway. In this randomized crossover study, we compared the effectiveness of the MVS Stylet Scope to a standard direct laryngoscope with Miller #1 blade in simulated normal and difficult airways. METHODS: Fifteen expert anesthesiologists and Fifteen anesthesiology residents participated in the study. Participants were asked to perform intubation with the Airsim Baby manikin first, and then with the Airsim Pierre Robin manikin. Participants in each group used the intubation devices in a randomized order. The primary outcome was the time of successful intubation. The secondary outcomes were the force exerted on the incisors during intubation, Cormack-Lehane scale, the difficulty of intubation. RESULTS: There were no differences between MVS Stylet Scope and Direct laryngoscope in the time of successful intubation by the expert anesthesiologists or the anesthesiology residents in a normal or difficult pediatric airway. MVS Stylet Scope significantly improved the force exerted on the incisors during intubation in the expert anesthesiologists or the anesthesiology residents in a normal or difficult pediatric airway. MVS Stylet Scope significantly improved Cormack-Lehane scale, and the difficulty of intubation with difficult pediatric airway situation in both expert anesthesiologists and anesthesiology residents. CONCLUSIONS: Although less forces on the incisors and improved view of glottis were observed with the MVS Stylet Scope, MVS Stylet Scope did not shorten the time of intubation. The results of this study mean that the MVS Stylet Scope may be a less invasive airway devise than the direct laryngoscope with the Miller blade in the pediatric airway management. For the next step, we need to evaluate the MVS Stylet Scope in the real patients as an observational study.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Glote/anatomia & histologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Laringoscópios/estatística & dados numéricos , Laringoscopia/métodos , Manequins , Sistema Respiratório/anatomia & histologia , Anestesiologia , Criança , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos
16.
J Anesth ; 34(5): 790-793, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728963

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an aerosol box on tracheal intubation difficulty. Eighteen experienced anesthetists intubated the trachea of a manikin with a normal airway 6 times using a direct laryngoscope, a McGRATH™ MAC videolaryngoscope, or an airway scope AWS-S200NK videolaryngoscope with or without an aerosol box. Although the aerosol box prolonged the time to successful intubation and decreased the percentage of glottic opening (POGO) score when using a direct laryngoscope, the statistically significant differences were clinically irrelevant. When a McGRATH™ MAC and an AWS-S200NK were used, the times to successful intubation and POGO scores were comparable with and without the aerosol box. When using any of the laryngoscopes, there were no statistically significant differences in the Cormack-Lehane grade and peak force to maxillary incisors with and without the aerosol box. In summary, the effect of an aerosol box on tracheal intubation difficulty is not clinically relevant when an experienced anesthetist intubates the trachea in a normal airway condition.


Assuntos
Aerossóis , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Adulto , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Anestesistas , Competência Clínica , Glote/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Laringoscópios , Laringoscopia , Manequins , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In pre-hospital emergency care, video laryngoscopes (VLs) with disposable blades are preferably used due to hygienic reasons. However, there is limited existing data on the use of VLs with disposable blades by emergency medical staff. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of four different VLs with disposable blades and the conventional standard Macintosh laryngoscope, when used by anesthetists with extensive previous experience and paramedics with little previous experience in endotracheal intubation (ETI) in a simulated difficult airway. METHODS: Fifty-eight anesthetists and fifty-four paramedics participated in our randomized crossover manikin trial. Each performed ETI with the new Glidescope® Go™, the Dahlhausen VL, the King Vision™, the I-View™ and the Macintosh laryngoscope. "Time to intubate" was the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were "time to vocal cords", "time to ventilate", overall success rate, number of intubation attempts and optimization maneuvers, Cormack-Lehane score, severity of dental compression and subjective impressions. RESULTS: The Glidescope® Go™, the Dahlhausen VL and the King Vision™ provided superior intubation conditions in both groups without affecting the number of intubation attempts or the time required for successful intubation. When used by anesthetists with extensive experience in ETI, the use of VLs did not affect the overall success rate. In the hands of paramedics with little previous experience in ETI, the failure rate with the Macintosh laryngoscope (14.8%) decreased to 3.7% using the Glidescope® Go™ and the Dahlhausen VL. Despite the advantages of hyperangulated video laryngoscopes, the I-View™ performed worst. CONCLUSIONS: VLs with hyperangulated blades facilitated ETI in both groups and decreased the failure rate by an absolute 11.1% when used by paramedics with little previous experience in ETI. Our results therefore suggest that hyperangulated VLs could be beneficial and might be the method of choice in comparable settings, especially for emergency medical staff with less experience in ETI.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Laringoscópios , Laringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Manequins , Corpo Clínico , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Anestesistas , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Autorrelato , Gravação em Vídeo
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21084, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664127

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Endotracheal intubation of pediatric patients is challenging, especially in the pre-hospital emergency setting and if performed by less experienced providers. Securing an airway should be achieved with a single intubation attempt, as each intubation attempt contributes to morbidity and mortality. A new airway device, the VieScope, was recently introduced into clinical market, but efficacy to reduced intubation attempts remains unclear thus far. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare endotracheal intubation by paramedics using the Vie Scope in different pediatric airway simulation conditions. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, cross-over simulation study. Following a theoretical and practical training session, paramedics performed endotracheal intubation in 3 different pediatric emergency scenarios: normal airway; tongue edema; cardiopulmonary resuscitation using the VieScope. Overall intubation success rate was the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included number of intubation attempts, time to intubation, Cormack-Lehane grade, POGO score, and ease of use (using 1-100 scale). RESULTS: Fifty-five paramedics with at least 2 years of clinical experience and without any previous experience with the VieScope participated in this study. The overall intubation success rate was 100% in all 3 scenarios. The median intubation time was 27 (24-34) versus 27 (25-37) versus 29 (25-40) s for scenarios A, B, and C, respectively. In scenario A, all paramedics performed successful intubation with 1 single intubation attempt, whereas 2% of the paramedics had to perform 2 intubation attempts in scenario B and 9% in scenario C. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this simulation study indicate preliminary evidence, that the VieScope enables adequate endotracheal intubation in the pediatric setting. Further clinical studies are needed to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Laringoscópios , Pediatria/instrumentação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Estudos Cross-Over , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manequins , Projetos Piloto
20.
J Vis Exp ; (160)2020 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568224

RESUMO

The unexpected problematic airway represents a large proportion of anesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. The retromolar or paraglossal approach is an alternative to the majority of the rigid instruments used for tracheal intubation, which follow the midline to access the glottis. This single-center, prospective case-series study offers an option to conventional laryngoscopy in case of a poor glottic view, introducing an instrument (the rigid tube for laryngoscopy) that uses the retromolar approach to accomplish tracheal intubation. If after anesthesia induction, the modified Cormack-Lehane glottis view grade >2b, the intubation is carried further with the rigid tube. The tube follows the direction of the thyroid cartilage while advancing from the labial commissure, displacing the tongue to the contralateral side. Adjusting the position of the larynx with the nondominant hand by gently pushing the thyroid cartilage and following an imaginary line towards it while advancing it improves the time needed for proper glottis visualization. Once the epiglottis is in sight, the practitioner progresses slowly, lifting the epiglottis and aiming the tip of the tube more anteriorly. When the glottis appears in the visual field, the intubating tube introducer is placed in the trachea, and a lubricated cuffed intubating tube is advanced over the introducer after the rigid tube is extracted. This tool was tested on 30 patients with an unsatisfactory glottic view when using the Macintosh laryngoscope and obtained excellent results with respect to intubation time and complications. The reduced visual field is the main limitation of this method, which requires a training period for reasonable expertise. This simple, robust, and cheap instrument could be a rescue option in case of a difficult airway.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação , Laringoscópios , Adulto , Feminino , Glote , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traqueia
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