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1.
J Med Vasc ; 45(5): 254-259, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862982

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conventional open repair of a traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is associated with a significantly high mortality and morbidity rates. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is currently often performed because it is a less invasive treatment than surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate short and mid-term results of TEVAR in traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted between 2010 and 2018 including patients who underwent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. RESULTS: Thirty-six consecutive patients were included. All patients had sustained a violent blunt chest trauma after a sudden deceleration with associated injuries. The injury severity score (ISS) was 40 (14-66). All patients were hemodynamically stable at admission. We deployed thoracic aorta stent grafts with a mean diameter of 26mm (18-36). The procedural success rate was 100%. We reported one intra-operative complication which was a distal migration of the graft, managed by an implantation of an aortic extension graft. On the first postoperative day, one patient presented an acute lower limb ischemia, probably due to the surgical femoral access, treated with an embolectomy with a Fogarty catheter with satisfactory results. The mean follow-up was 40.41 months (6.5-96). The mortality and paraplegia rates were 0% at one month and during the follow-up period. We reported a case of kinking of the graft that occurred at 6 months. No cases of endoleak neither re-intervention were reported. CONCLUSION: TEVAR is a safe and a reliable method for the treatment of sub-acute traumatic thoracic aortic injuries.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1221-1228, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913160

RESUMO

Background: : Vascular injuries are commonly seen in both emergency services and forensic medicine practise. They are often life-threatening, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Aims: This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate extremity vascular injuries and the associated treatment approaches. Methods: After obtaining approval from the ethics committee of the university, those patients admitted to the emergency department of Adiyaman between 1 February 2013 and 31 August 2018 were included in this study. The patients' data were obtained through the electronic records system, and the cases were evaluated according to the age, gender and cause of injury, including blunt force trauma injuries (accidents, traffic accidents, crush injuries and occupational accidents) and penetrating injuries (stabbing, gunshot wounds, suicide attempts and assaults). Additionally, the injuries were evaluated based on the extremity, according to the anatomical location and whether the injury was life-threatening. Results: This study included 76 patients with extremity vascular injuries; 65 were males (85.52%), 11 were females (14.48%) and their average age was 33.24 ± 15.85 years. Forty-five (59.2%) of the patients had upper extremity vascular injuries, and 31 (40.3%) had lower extremity vascular injuries. In addition to arterial injuries, 26 (34.21%) of the patients had venous injuries and 22 (28.94%) had nerve injuries. Nine of these patients had neurological deficits due to their nerve injuries. All of the patients were revascularized within 3-5 hours, and none of the patients required amputations. Conclusion: The primary goals in extremity vessel injury cases are to prevent mortality, especially after major vascular injuries, and save the extremity from amputation. With a fast, effective and multi-disciplinary approach, an accurate diagnosis and effective surgical intervention can prevent morbidity and mortality as well as reduce the rate of undesirable complications.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adolescente , Adulto , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/lesões , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Extremidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/complicações , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 447.e9-447.e16, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: "Seat belt-type" pediatric abdominal aortic trauma is uncommon but potentially lethal. During high speed motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), seat or lap belt restraints may concentrate forces in a band-like pattern across the abdomen, resulting in the triad of hollow viscus perforation, spine fracture, and aortoiliac injury. We report 4 cases of pediatric seat belt-type aortic trauma and review management strategies for the aortic disruption and the associated constellation of injuries. METHODS: -approved, retrospective review of all pediatric patients requiring surgical intervention for seat belt-type constellation of abdominal aortic/iliac and associated injuries over a 5-year period. Blunt thoracic aortic injuries were excluded. RESULTS: We identified 4 patients, ranging from 2 to 17 years of age, who required surgical correction of seat belt-type aortoiliac trauma and associated injuries: 3 abdominal aortas and 1 left common iliac artery. The majority (3/4 patients) were hemodynamically unstable at emergency room presentation, and all underwent computed tomography angiography of the chest/abdomen/pelvis during initial resuscitation. Injuries of the suprarenal and proximal infrarenal aorta were accompanied by unilateral renal artery avulsion requiring nephrectomy. Presumed or proven spinal instability mandated supine positioning and midline laparotomy, with medial visceral rotation utilized for proximal injuries. Aortoiliac injuries requiring repair were accompanied by significant distal intraluminal prolapse of dissected intima, with varying degrees of obstruction. Conduit selection was dictated by the presence of enteric contamination and the rapid availability of an autologous conduit. The sole neurologic deficit was irreparable at presentation. CONCLUSIONS: Seat belt aortoiliac injuries in pediatric patients require prompt multidisciplinary evaluation. Evidence of contained aortoiliac transection, major branch vessel avulsion, and bowel perforation mandates immediate exploration, which generally precedes spinal interventions. Lesser degrees of aortoiliac injuries have been managed with surveillance, but long-term follow-up is needed to fully validate this approach.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Acidentes de Trânsito , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Contusões Miocárdicas/cirurgia , Cintos de Segurança/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Abdominais/etiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Abdominal/lesões , Bioprótese , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Contusões Miocárdicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Contusões Miocárdicas/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 692-696, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Penetrating abdominal aortic injury (PAAI) is a highly acute injury requiring prompt surgical management. When compared to surgeons at level-II trauma centers, surgeons at level-I trauma centers are more likely to take in-house call, and may more often be available within 15 minutes of patient arrival. Thus, we hypothesized that level-I trauma centers would have a lower mortality rate than level-II trauma centers in patients with PAAI. METHODS: We queried the Trauma Quality Improvement Program database for patients with PAAI, and compared patients treated at American College of Surgeons (ACS)-verified level-I centers to those treated at ACS level-II centers. RESULTS: PAAI was identified in 292 patients treated at level-I centers and 86 patients treated at level-II centers. Patients treated at the 2 center types had similar median age, injury severity scores and prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and smoking (p > 0.05). There was no difference in the frequency of additional intra-abdominal vascular injuries (p > 0.05). Median time to hemorrhage control (level-I: 40.8 vs level-II: 49.2 minutes, p = 0.21) was similar between hospitals at the 2 trauma center levels. We found no difference in the total hospital length of stay or post-operative complications (p > 0.05). When controlling for covariates, we found no difference in the risk of mortality between ACS verified level-I and level-II trauma centers (OR:1.01, CI:0.28-2.64, p = 0.99). CONCLUSION: Though the majority of PAAIs are treated at level-I trauma centers, we found no difference in the time to hemorrhage control, or the risk of mortality in those treated at level-I centers when compared to those treated at level-II trauma centers. This finding reinforces the ACS-verification process, which strives to achieve similar outcomes between level-I and level-II centers.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/cirurgia , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Certificação/normas , Técnicas Hemostáticas/normas , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/normas , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Abdominais/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Abdominal/lesões , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Técnicas Hemostáticas/efeitos adversos , Técnicas Hemostáticas/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 741-746, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysms that develop after surgical repair of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are more likely to rupture, but open surgery including a repeat thoracotomy would be highly invasive. We report 2 cases of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for such pseudoaneurysms. METHODS/RESULTS: A 59-year-old woman who underwent PDA surgical ligation at 13 years of age presented with sudden hemoptysis. She was diagnosed with a ruptured distorted pseudoaneurysm sized 26 mm; emergency TEVAR was performed. A 23-year-old woman with a history of Down syndrome, endocardial cushion defect, and PDA underwent 2 thoracotomy surgeries including PDA ligation. During a medical checkup, an abnormal shadow was detected on chest radiography. She was diagnosed with a 15-mm pseudoaneurysm after PDA surgical repair; TEVAR was performed. In both cases, the postoperative course was uneventful. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of emergency TEVAR for ruptured pseudoaneurysms after PDA ligation. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair is an important therapeutic option for such cases as it eliminates the need for repeat thoracotomy.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 643-645, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638641

RESUMO

A 78-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital after abdominal trauma. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a horseshoe kidney with a perinephric hematoma and evidence of arterial hemorrhage. An anomalous renal arterial anatomy was noted as well, with a renal artery originating from the left common iliac artery. He was successfully treated via an endovascular approach. Varying forms of vascularization may complicate angiographic treatment of patients with abdominal trauma in a setting of kidney anomalies. Obtaining and evaluating contrast-enhanced CT angiography can identify anomalous vessels and can be invaluable when deciding on the most appropriate interventional approach.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/terapia , Acidentes por Quedas , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Rim Fundido/complicações , Rim/lesões , Lacerações/terapia , Artéria Renal/lesões , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Abdominais/etiologia , Idoso , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Rim Fundido/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Lacerações/diagnóstico por imagem , Lacerações/etiologia , Masculino , Artéria Renal/anormalidades , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/etiologia
7.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 451.e5-451.e10, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection rarely results in circumferential dissections of the aortic intima that may lead to intimo-intimal intussusception (IIS) with complete separation from the aortic wall. Circumferential dissection may then result in distal embolization of the involved intima and media, adding considerable complexity to the management of such cases. Despite the severity of this complication, the natural history of aortic disease following extensive intimal denuding and IIS is not well documented in the literature. Here we present a case with long-term follow-up of type B aortic dissection (TBAD) complicated by IIS and embolization of the intima into the distal aorta following thoracic endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: Medical records and imaging studies were retrospectively reviewed with the approval of the Institutional Review Board. A single patient underwent repair of a TBAD that was complicated by IIS, with follow-up for 6 years. Aortic recovery was monitored with serial computerized tomography scans. RESULTS: During endovascular stent deployment, the patient's dissection progressed circumferentially, leading to distal embolization of the intima and aortic occlusion. An open transabdominal aortic exploration was performed to extract the embolized intima. Despite this severe aortic structural disruption, the patient recovered well postoperatively and exhibited favorable aortic remodeling over long-term follow-up. The denuded aorta did not rupture or develop progressive worsening aneurysmal dilation and the diameter of the involved aortic segment remained stable during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Acute TBADs can progress to circumferential intimal separation and IIS when managed with endovascular stenting and balloon dilation. Continued endovascular management once IIS has occurred may lead to further intimal damage, resulting in distal embolization of the intima and aortic occlusion. Thus, IIS may require conversion to open repair. However, in the event that loss of the aortic intima does occur following IIS, it is possible for the denuded aorta to recover well and remain stable with favorable remodeling over long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aorta/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Embolia/cirurgia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/lesões , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Embolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 452.e5-452.e11, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634560

RESUMO

Acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI) in the pediatric population is rare but may lead to limb loss and life-long complications. We report the technique and outcomes of microsurgical salvage of ALLI in a preterm newborn after open reduction of congenital hip dysplasia. A 2-month-old girl was born premature at week 36 with congenital bilateral hip dysplasia. The initial management attempted was conservative and entailed placement of bilateral Von Rosen splints. The treatment was successful on the left side, but the patient had recurrent unstable hip dislocation on the right side. Subsequently, 2 attempts at close reduction under general anesthesia were done and both were unsuccessful in maintaining the right hip in the acetabulum. Therefore, an open reduction of the right hip was planned through a medial/obturator approach. During the surgical procedure, the neurovascular femoral bundle (including the superficial femoral artery [SFA], femoral vein [FV], and femoral nerve) was accidently transected with subsequent development of ALLI. Therefore, the FV was harvested distally to the injury site and a 4-cm long healthy segment was obtained. It was reversed, flushed with heparin, spatulated at both extremities, and interposed to the SFA in end-to-end fashion using two 9/0 polypropylene interrupted sutures under microscope. Reperfusion of the limb was noted immediately after releasing the vascular clamps. The final ischemia time at completion of the surgical procedure was 6 hr. Thereby, prophylactic 4-compartment fasciotomies were performed in the right leg. The patient tolerated the procedure well and the postoperative clinical course was free from adverse events. Duplex ultrasound examination at 6 weeks after the intervention confirmed sustained clinical success and showed no signs of venous thromboembolism. At the same time, X-ray examination of the right hip confirmed adequate and stable reduction of the joint in the acetabulum. ALLI due to accidental arterial injury during orthopedic surgical procedures for congenital defects in newborns is a rare but potentially devastating complication. Microsurgical salvage is a safe, feasible, and effective option to restore limb flow. Multidisciplinary expertise and meticulous technique are mandatory in order to achieve satisfactory and durable outcomes.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Veia Femoral/transplante , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Doença Iatrogênica , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Microcirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/lesões , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia
9.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 146-157, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brachial artery injuries are rare. The objectives of the study are to report our experience and identify predictors of outcome. The hypothesis of the study is that maintaining ischemic times less than six hours results in improved outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective 118-month study. The outcome measure is total operative time from admission to restoration of blood flow, and outcomes are survival and limb salvage. Statistical analyses used in the study are univariate and multivariate stepwise logistic regression. RESULTS: There were 124 patients with 131 brachial artery injuries. Mechanism of injury (MOI) included the following: penetrating: 108 (87%) and blunt: 16 (13%). Operative management included the following: 77 (62%) reverse saphenous vein interposition grafts, 37 (29.8%) end-to-end anastomosis, and 4 (3.2%) ligation. Fasciotomies were performed in 23 (19.2%) patients. Outcomes of the study were as follows: 120 patients survived and the overall survival rate was 96.8%, adjusted survival rate excluding intraoperative deaths was 100%, overall limb salvage/amputation rate was 95.1%/4.9%, and adjusted limb salvage/amputation rates excluding intraoperative deaths were 98.3%/1.67%. Univariate analysis showed the mean ischemic times for survivors as 5 ± 3.1 hrs (300 ± 186 min) versus ischemic times for non survivors as 3 ± 2.2 hrs (180 ± 132 min) (P = 0.017); Injury Severity Score (ISS) (P = 0.002); and estimated blood loss (EBL) (P = 0.024). Logistic regression identified independent predictors of outcome for survival: MOI: penetrating [P = 0.015, RR - 4.29, 95% CI: 1.49-12.36]; Glasgow Coma Score < 7 [P < 0.001, RR - 21.71, 95% CI: 9.37-50.32]; ISS > 15 [P < 0.005, RR - 4.98, 95% CI: 1.68-14.73]; and patients not requiring ED thoracotomy [P = 0.009, RR - 7.48, 95% CI: 2.58-21.69]. CONCLUSIONS: Brachial artery injuries are rare. For patients not requiring ED thoracotomy, Glasgow Coma Score, ISS, and EBL predicted survival. The adjusted limb salvage rate was 98.3%. Patients with brachial artery injuries die from associated injuries, experiencing less ischemic times than survivors who are able to undergo repairs.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Amputação , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Braquial/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Ligadura , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 141-145, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare wound infection, graft infection, and secondary amputation rates in patients who had popliteal artery injury repair with interposition vein versus prosthetic grafts. METHODS: This retrospective comparative study included all adult patients (>18 years) who had interposition grafting for popliteal artery injuries between January 2008 and August 2018 at a university hospital. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Popliteal arteries were repaired with venous graft in Group "A" and with prosthetic graft in Group "B." The outcome measures were wound infection, graft infection, and secondary amputation rates. RESULTS: Forty patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Twenty-two patients had arterial repair with venous while 18 with polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. All were male with median age of 32 (interquartile range [IQR] 19.5) years. Both groups were comparable in terms of median age (32.5 [19] vs. 30.5 [23]), Mangled Extremity Severity Score (6 [5] vs. 7 [7]), median hospital stay (7 [5] vs. 7 [9] days), and perioperative complications (2/22 vs. 3/18). In Group "A," no patient had graft infection or secondary amputation while in Group "B," 1 patient had secondary amputation and another had graft infection (P > 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: There is no statistical difference in secondary amputation rate, wound infection, or graft infection in patients undergoing popliteal artery repair with interposition vein versus prosthetic grafts in trauma setting.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Veias/transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Amputação , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/lesões , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 447.e17-447.e21, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our purpose is to report a case of an axillary artery rupture treated by endovascular means using the dual bull's-eye technique. An 83-year-old woman with multiple comorbidities was diagnosed with axillary artery rupture after the reduction of a shoulder dislocation. METHODS: An endovascular repair attempt was made, but, despite the use of a double approach (antegrade and retrograde), reconnecting both ends of the severed artery was deemed not possible. 5-mm Amplatz GooseNeck snares were advanced from each access and superposed in a perpendicular plane. A percutaneous infraclavicular puncture with a lumbar needle was made through both snares, and a V14 guidewire was subsequently introduced. The guidewire was recovered through femoral and brachial accesses, and a 7 × 100 mm covered self-expandable stent was deployed. RESULTS: The final angiographic control did not show further hemorrhage, and the patient recovered radial pulse. Follow-up showed complete patency and no complications at 9 months after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The dual bull's-eye technique can be used as a resource tool in cases of arterial rupture, when the arterial continuity cannot be re-established by conventional approaches.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Artéria Axilar/lesões , Manipulação Ortopédica/efeitos adversos , Luxação do Ombro/cirurgia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Artéria Axilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ruptura , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
12.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(6): 497-503, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552570

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Arterial pseudoaneurysms (PSAs) are the most common access site complication following transarterial catheter intervention. Ultrasound-guided injection of thrombogenic substances into perfused arterial PSAs followed by compression therapy is a well-established and less invasive treatment option than surgical repair. Different agents are available to induce thrombosis including thrombin and a fibrin-based tissue glue, which is used as first-line treatment at our institution. This paper deals with our experience using ultrasound-guided fibrin glue injection (UGFI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data analysis: all patients (55) treated for iatrogenic femoral PSA following digital subtraction angiography of the lower extremities between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2018, were included. Data on epidemiology, PSA location and size, vascular risk factors, fibrin glue injection (fibrin glue volume), primary success rate of UFGI, and complications related to the treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 55 consecutive femoral iatrogenic PSAs were treated during the defined period and 32 (58.2%) of the patients were female. Imaging was performed using ultrasound in all cases. The most common PSA location (80.0%) was the common femoral artery, mean PSA size (± SD) was 2.7 ± 1.2 cm, and neck length was 1.6 ± 1.0 cm. The dose (mean ± SD) of fibrin glue was 2.6 mL (± 1.0; maximum: 6 mL). Primary UGFI success rate was 87.3% and conversion rate to open surgery was 12.7%. Two (4%) patients required embolectomy for peripheral embolization after UGFI. CONCLUSION: Early results achieved with UGFI for treatment of iatrogenic femoral PSA are promising. In our cohort, UGFI was a safe and effective first-line alternative to traditional open surgery, which then was unnecessary in the vast majority of PSA cases. Further prospective studies for comparison of ultrasound-guided techniques should be encouraged.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Angiografia Digital/efeitos adversos , Artéria Femoral/lesões , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/administração & dosagem , Doença Iatrogênica , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Arteriais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
13.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(3-4): 111-116, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553123

RESUMO

We conducted an analysis to assess early and mid-term outcomes of patients after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for type B thoracic aorta dissection, descending thoracic aneurysm, or traumatic aortic transection. From January 2016 through December 2018, twenty-seven patients (23 male, 4 female, mean age of 57 years) affected by type B dissection (n = 13 [48.2%]), thoracic aneurysm (n = 9 [33.3%]), and post-traumatic aortic isthmus rupture (n = 5 [18.5%]) were treated using TEVAR with and without left subclavian artery revascularization. All procedures were performed in a hybrid operating room using general (n = 12) or regional (n = 15) anesthesia. A combined brachial artery and bilateral femoral artery access was used in all patients. To achieve adequate proximal thoracic aorta landing zone length, coverage of the left subclavian artery with proximal endovascular plug occlusion was performed in 17 patients (62.9%); including 4 patients undergoing carotid-subclavian artery bypass before TEVAR stent-graft deployment. Primary procedural success rate was 96.3%; 1 patient had a Type Ib endoleak that was treated by distal stent graft extension. Four adverse outcomes occurred in the immediate postoperative period, including 2 cases of left upper arm acute ischemia (7.4%), ischemic stroke (3.7%), and asymptomatic iliac artery dissection (3.7%). During a mean follow-up of 18 months, no graft-related deaths or endoleak occurred. One patient developed symptomatic subclavian steal syndrome 1 month after operation and underwent a left carotid-subclavian artery bypass with symptom resolution. One patient died 6 months after TEVAR due to neoplasm. Our experience indicates TEVAR is a safe and less invasive alternative to open surgery for a spectrum of thoracic aorta diseases, especially for urgent conditions and in patients with high-risk surgical comorbidities.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 133-140, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to report an 18-year single-center experience in the surgical and endovascular treatment of arterial complications due to self-injection in drug abuser patients. METHODS: This retrospective single-center study was conducted analyzing a prospectively collected database including all endovascular or surgical procedures performed from January 2007 to December 2019 for any arterial complication due to self-injection in drug abuser patient. Collected data were patient demographic and comorbidity, site and type of arterial lesion (pseudoaneurysm [PA], arteriovenous fistula [AVF]), signs of systemic or local infection, and procedural data (endovascular/surgical treatment). End points were rate of postoperative complications, reintervention rate, limb salvage, and patients' early and long-term survival. RESULTS: In 11 patients (median age 36 years, range 27-47; male 73%), 13 arterial lesions were treated: 10 (77%) PA, 2 (15%) PA associated with AVF, and 1 (8%) isolated AVF. Arterial lesion involved common femoral artery in 5 (38%), superficial femoral artery in 4 (31%), profunda femoral artery in 1 (8%), brachial artery in 2 (15%), and subclavian artery in 1 (8%). Signs of infections were present in 9 of the 13 cases (69%). The treatment was surgical in 11 (85%) cases: 7 interposition graft (6 great saphenous vein, 1 arterial cryopreserved homograft), 2 direct reconstruction, 1 patch plasty with pericardium bovine patch, and 1 arterial ligation. Endovascular treatment was performed in 2 cases: 1 noninfected PA of the superficial femoral artery, and 1 55-mm PA of the postvertebral segment of the right subclavian artery with clinical sign of hemodynamic instability. At 1 month, postoperative complication rate was 8% (one lower limb claudication after superficial femoral artery ligation). Reintervention rate was 8% (interposition graft rupture for repeated self-injections). Limb salvage and patient survival were both 100%. Median follow-up was 5 years (range 1 month to 11.3 years); surgical group: median 8.2 years (range 2 months to 11.3 years); endovascular group: median 3.5 months (range 1-6). During follow-up, neither complications nor reinterventions occurred, and limb salvage was 100% for both groups. At 2, 4, and 6 years, overall estimated patient survival was 91%, 81%, and 81%, respectively, with no procedure-related death. CONCLUSIONS: After surgical or endovascular management of arterial lesions due to self-injection in drug abuser patients, complications occur mainly in the postoperative period. During follow-up, the surgical procedures have low rate of complications, reinterventions, and procedure-related mortality, whereas for the endovascular treatment the mid-term outcomes remain unknown.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Usuários de Drogas , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/complicações , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia , Adulto , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/mortalidade , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Ligadura , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/mortalidade
17.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 62(3): 188-197, mayo-jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194216

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: La región inguinal es un área anatómica compleja que ha sido tradicionalmente olvidada por los radiólogos dado que la mayoría de las lesiones pueden diagnosticarse mediante datos clínicos y con la exploración física. No obstante, cada vez es más frecuente la solicitud de ecografías, bien para confirmar la existencia de patología o para resolver casos dudosos. Por otra parte, la patología inguinal incluye entidades únicas de la edad infantil. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir los hallazgos radiológicos clave de las lesiones inguinales pediátricas, poniendo especial énfasis en los datos ecográficos CONCLUSIONES: El conocimiento de la patología inguinal pediátrica y sus claves en imagen ayudan a mejorar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la ecografía


OBJECTIVES: The groin is a complex anatomic region that has traditionally been ignored by radiologists because most lesions can be diagnosed from clinical data and physical examination. Nevertheless, ultrasound examinations of the groin are increasingly being requested to confirm injury or to resolve diagnostic uncertainty. On the other hand, some conditions involving the groin are found only in pediatric patients. This article describes the key imaging findings in pediatric groin injuries, placing special emphasis on the ultrasound appearance. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge about conditions that can affect the groin in pediatric patients and the key imaging findings associated with them helps improve the diagnostic performance of ultrasound


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Criança , Canal Inguinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Canal Inguinal/embriologia , Canal Inguinal/lesões , Ultrassonografia , Criptorquidismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfadenopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Canal Inguinal/anatomia & histologia , Hérnia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidrocele Testicular/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(4): 575-580, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419593

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate if imaging with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) yields a more accurate estimate of vessel diameter and the presence of dissections than angiography after intervention in the infrapopliteal arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-center study enrolled 20 consecutive patients (mean age 74.1±12.4 years; 12 women) with infrapopliteal disease who were treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA; n=10) or orbital atherectomy (OA) followed by PTA (n=10). The majority of patients were hypertensive and half were diabetic. The overall lesion length was 7.3±6.3 cm, and the diameter stenosis was 80.3%±22.1%. The baseline characteristics did not differ between the groups. Vessel diameters were measured using IVUS from the internal elastic lamina (IEL) to the IEL. IVUS was performed at baseline, post PTA or OA, and post OA+PTA. Quantitative vascular angiography (QVA) and IVUS were analyzed by a core laboratory. Dissections on cine images were categorized based on the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) classification, while the arc and depth were used to characterize dissections on IVUS images. RESULTS: Mean vessel diameter by QVA was 2.9±0.6 vs 4.0±1.0 mm by IVUS according to the core laboratory (mean difference 1.1±0.9, p<0.001). On angiography, there were 7 dissections after PTA (6 C, 1 D), 1 dissection after OA (1 B), and 2 dissections after OA+PTA (1 A, 1 B; p=0.028 vs post PTA). IVUS uncovered 3.8 times more dissections than seen on angiography. There were 23 dissections after PTA (18 intima, 3 media, 2 adventitia), 12 dissections after OA (8 intima, 1 media, 3 adventitia), and 11 dissections following OA+PTA (7 intima, 1 media, 3 adventitia; p=0.425 vs PTA). Bailout stenting (all due to angiographic dissections ≥C) was necessary in 6 of the PTA cohort and none of the OA+PTA group. CONCLUSION: In addition to underestimating the infrapopliteal vessel diameter by ~25%, angiography underappreciated the presence and severity of post-intervention dissections vs IVUS, particularly in the OA+PTA group.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Isquemia/terapia , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Intervencionista , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/lesões , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 571.e15-571.e20, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422292

RESUMO

It is essential to establish cardiopulmonary bypass by percutaneous insertion of a large-bore catheter via both the femoral vein and internal jugular vein (IJV) for minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS). Complications associated with IJV catheterization during MICS have been reported in the literature; however, vascular injury of the subclavian artery (SCA) is rare. We herein present a rare case in which an iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) between the right SCA and IJV after MICS was successfully treated by endovascular coil embolization. A 61-year-old man who had undergone mitral valve repair by MICS 10 months before presentation was referred because of pulsatile cervical bruit and tinnitus. Radiographic examination revealed a right SCA pseudoaneurysm associated with an AVF located between the right common carotid artery and vertebral artery. The AVF was completely occluded with detachable coils using a double-catheter technique to avoid coil migration into the IJV. This technique has been used to treat high-flow or complex AVFs, including pulmonary and renal AVFs. As shown in the present case, it is also useful to treat an iatrogenic AVF between the SCA and IJV.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Doença Iatrogênica , Veias Jugulares/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Artéria Subclávia/lesões , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Humanos , Veias Jugulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia
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