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1.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(2): 173-183, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679280

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the effects of conditioned media (CM) collected from the cancer cell lines (K562, MCF-7, and HeLa) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from the healthy human blood. The soluble factors in the CM are probably responsible for the differential mRNA expressions of Foxp3, Helios, Neuropilin- 1 (NRP-1), and glycoprotein A repetitions predominant (GARP), along with IFN-γ and TGF-ß in PBMCs cultured with cancer cells CM. The PBMCs cultured with CM of K562 showed increased expression of Foxp3, Helios, NRP-1, GARP, IFN-γ, and TGF-ß compared to PBMCs cultured with CM of MCF-7 and HeLa cells. In addition, the intracellular staining on PBMCs cultured with CM from cell lines were also evaluated for CD4, CD25, Foxp3, Helios, and NRP-1 by multicolor flow cytometry. The expression of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+, CD4+Helios+Foxp3+ and CD+NRP-1+Foxp3+ showed retarded cell population compared to control PBMCs. Our data suggest that soluble factors in CM of cancer cells may trigger the immune response in PBMCs resulting in a systematic response. Further research could lead to the identification of specific soluble factors that are involved in trafficking of cells into the immune cascades, which could be a safe and promising strategy for targeting human cancers.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Interferon gama/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Células HeLa , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Células K562 , Células MCF-7 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
2.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(8): 744-749, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638572

RESUMO

Objective To demonstrate HpaA can intensify the inflammatory response and gastric mucosa injury by IL-21 from induced T cell. Methods Biopsy specimens were taken from gastric mucosa of 56 patients with H.pylori infection before and after H.pylori radical elimination by endoscope. The levels of IL-21, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and MMP9 from the biopsy were detected by reverse transcription PCR and Western blot analysis. Meanwhile, the recombinant HpaA was cloned, expressed and purified to stimulate the magnetic cell sorting CD3+ T cells from healthy donors' peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and the level of IL-21 in the supernatant fluid was detected by ELISA. Thereafter, AGS cells were cultured and Western blot analysis was performed to detect the levels of MMP2 and MMP9 in the AGS cells with human IL-21 and anti-IL-21 antibody treatment for 24 hours. Results The protein levels of IL-21 and MMP2 and MMP9 in gastric mucosa infected with H. pylori was significantly higher than that in gastric mucosa after radical treatment of H. pylori. Meanwhile, the recombinant HpaA promoted IL-21 secretion by induced CD3+T cells in vitro. IL-21 stimulated the expression of MMP2 and MMP9 in AGS cells. When IL-21 was blocked by the antibody, the levels of MMP2 and MMP9 in AGS cells decreased significantly. Conclusion HpaA plays a significant role in the gastric mucosa injury caused by H.pylori infection through IL-21 from induced T cells.


Assuntos
Adesinas Bacterianas , Mucosa Gástrica , Interleucinas , Linfócitos T , Adesinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/lesões , Mucosa Gástrica/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/imunologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/fisiopatologia , Helicobacter pylori/imunologia , Helicobacter pylori/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
3.
Exp Parasitol ; 206: 107755, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493393

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to assess the expression of cytokines and FCεR1A receptor stimulated by Haemonchus placei larval excretory and secretory (ES) products associated with the pathogenesis in calves. Bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were stimulated in in vitro assays with H. placei L4 ES product at 8, 12, 16 and 24 h. ES products were collected in in vitro assays at 48 h with molecular weight of 72/60 kDa and isoelectric point of 7.2 pI. Specific IgG for infected and control calves, positive and negative, were employed to recognise H. placei larval ES products by indirect ELISA, showing a mean of 1.8, 0.83 and 0.28 OD, respectively, (p ≤ 0.001). The quantification of relative gene expression was performed using a set of cytokines (IL-2, IFNγ, TGFß, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-13), FCεR1A receptor and housekeeping (GAPDH, ß-actin and ß-2-microglobulin) by RT-qPCR. An early increased expression, 2.2- to 3.4-fold change, of IL-2 (p ≤ 0.001), IL-5 and TGFß (p ≥ 0.05) was determined, followed by TGFß (30.7 and 14.14), IL-8 (102.8 and 1504.4) and IL-10 (60.4 and 1.7) (p ≤ 0.05) after 12 and 16 h, respectively, and reducing the expression level at 24 h. In addition, IL-6, IL-13 and FCεR1A receptor also displayed mild expression level, 2.1 - to 7.60-fold change, at 24 h (p ≥ 0.05). We conclude that ES products of 72/60 kDa collected in vitro from H. placei larvae are recognised by infected hosts and have the ability to induce diverse immune factors to modulate the nematode damage.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Haemonchus/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Receptores de IgE/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/genética , Haemonchus/genética , Haemonchus/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Larva/genética , Larva/imunologia , Larva/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
4.
Nat Methods ; 16(9): 875-878, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471617

RESUMO

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data are noisy and sparse. Here, we show that transfer learning across datasets remarkably improves data quality. By coupling a deep autoencoder with a Bayesian model, SAVER-X extracts transferable gene-gene relationships across data from different labs, varying conditions and divergent species, to denoise new target datasets.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA/normas , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4687-4698, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Propagermanium (PG) inhibits the CCL2/CCR2 axis, and has been shown to function as an immune modulator. This study investigated its anti-tumor mechanism in patients with refractory cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five healthy volunteers and 23 patients with refractory oral (n=8) or gastric (n=15) cancer received PG (30 mg/day). We performed flow cytometry (FCM) of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in vitro killing assays. RESULTS: FCM revealed that CD16+/CD56Dim NK cells (i.e., mature, cytolytic subset) increased, and the apoptosis induction rate of cancer cells increased after PG administration. Among gastric cancer patients, median OS was 172.0 days. Two patients showed complete remission of lung or liver metastasis. Survival of patients with oral cancer also tended to be prolonged. CONCLUSION: PG induces NK cell maturation, and may potentiate anti-tumor activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 781-784, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression profile of microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and immune factors in pregnant women with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: A total of 182 pregnant women infected with HBV were randomly selected, with 40 healthy pregnant women and 35 non-pregnant women as controls. High-throughput sequencing was used to detect RNA in the PBMC of all subjects. Indirect ELISA method was used to determine the changes of cytokines in peripheral blood samples. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, 18 differentially expressed miRNA were identified in those with HBV infection (P< 0.01). Among these, miR-3607-3p, miR-20a, miR-1296, miR-153-1 and miR-X4 may directly regulate the transcriptional level of target genes including IL-10, IL-18, IL-16, MCP-1, NUP50 and CCR1. Meanwhile, peripheral blood cytokines IL-10, IL-18, IL-16 and MCP-1 were significantly increased in those with HBV infection (P<0.01), with the expression level of IL-16 and MCP-1 being strongly correlated with the viral load. CONCLUSION: The expression profiles of miRNA in PBMC and cytokines in peripheral blood can change significantly during pregnancy, both may be involved in the immune response to HBV infection.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Hepatite B/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/sangue , DNA Viral , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Gravidez
7.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2583-2593, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Exercise training is recently considered as a trend in adjuvant therapies for cancer patients, but its mechanisms need to be scrutinized further. This study is aimed to test the hypothesis that the patients who perform the high-intensity interval exercise training (HIIT) during hormone therapy would show improvements in low-grade inflammation and HSP70 compared to the controls receiving standard care. METHODS: Fifty two non-metastatic and hormone-responsive breast cancer patients were randomly assigned to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIT) (n = 26) and usual care (n = 26) groups. The HIIT groups participated in a high-intensity interval training protocol on a treadmill 3 days/week for 12 weeks. The training intensity was determined according to the predicted maximal heart rate. Demographic characteristics and medical history were collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire at the baseline visit. Body fat was estimated based on skinfold thickness measured with calipers on the participant's nonsurgery side at the triceps, suprailiac crest. [Formula: see text] was estimated by 1-Mile Rockport Walk Test. Blood samples were collected 48 h before starting the exercise protocol and 48 h after the last exercise session. TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, IL-10, and HSP70 levels in serum were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method according to the manufacture's instruction. Supernatant cytokine concentrations were determined by ELISA for IL-4 and IFN-γ. The data were analyzed by ANCOVA test that the pretest values were considered as covariate at P ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: HIIT improved [Formula: see text] in the HIIT group compared to the usual care group (P = 0.002). The serum levels of TNF-α (P = 0.001), IL-6 (P = 0.007), and IL-10 (P = 0.001) were lower in the HIIT group. The level of IL-4 (P = 0.050) in the stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells significantly increased in the HIIT group compared to the usual care group. Furthermore, the serum level of the HSP70 was significantly higher in the HIIT group in comparison to the usual care group (P = 0.050). The TNF-α/IL-10 (P = 0.050) and IL-6/IL-10 (P = 0.042) ratios were lower in the HIIT group. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicated that HIIT has positive impacts on the cardiorespiratory fitness and inflammatory cytokines in the breast cancer patients undergoing hormone therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4517-4523, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have dramatically changed the clinical outcomes of advanced tumours. However, biomarkers for monitoring immunological features during immunotherapy remain unclear, especially those in the peripheral blood, which are easily available. This study evaluated the usefulness of nCounter Analysis System in identifying immunological biomarkers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during ICI therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PBMCs from two patients who responded well to ICI therapy were used, and the expression levels of immune-related mRNA and extracellular proteins were analyzed. RESULTS: Changes in the expression levels of 55 genes from pre-treatment to on-treatment were bioinformatically similar between the two cases. The expression levels of PD-1 were consistent with those by flow cytometry analysis, a reliable tool for monitoring various markers. CONCLUSION: The nCounter Analysis System may be a potent tool to simultaneously investigate genes and proteins on PBMCs as biomarkers during immunotherapy using a small amount of sample.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Idoso , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/sangue
9.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 165, 2019 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405383

RESUMO

To fully utilize the power of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technologies for identifying cell lineages and bona fide transcriptional signals, it is necessary to combine data from multiple experiments. We present BERMUDA (Batch Effect ReMoval Using Deep Autoencoders), a novel transfer-learning-based method for batch effect correction in scRNA-seq data. BERMUDA effectively combines different batches of scRNA-seq data with vastly different cell population compositions and amplifies biological signals by transferring information among batches. We demonstrate that BERMUDA outperforms existing methods for removing batch effects and distinguishing cell types in multiple simulated and real scRNA-seq datasets.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Algoritmos , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Pâncreas/citologia , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
10.
Nat Methods ; 16(8): 715-721, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363220

RESUMO

Accurately modeling cellular response to perturbations is a central goal of computational biology. While such modeling has been based on statistical, mechanistic and machine learning models in specific settings, no generalization of predictions to phenomena absent from training data (out-of-sample) has yet been demonstrated. Here, we present scGen (https://github.com/theislab/scgen), a model combining variational autoencoders and latent space vector arithmetics for high-dimensional single-cell gene expression data. We show that scGen accurately models perturbation and infection response of cells across cell types, studies and species. In particular, we demonstrate that scGen learns cell-type and species-specific responses implying that it captures features that distinguish responding from non-responding genes and cells. With the upcoming availability of large-scale atlases of organs in a healthy state, we envision scGen to become a tool for experimental design through in silico screening of perturbation response in the context of disease and drug treatment.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Aprendizado de Máquina , Fagócitos/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Transcriptoma , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Camundongos , Fagócitos/citologia , Especificidade da Espécie
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16072, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261517

RESUMO

Crohn disease (CD) is a multifactorial autoimmune disease which is characterized by chronic and recurrent gastrointestinal tract inflammatory disorder. However, the molecular mechanisms of CD remain unclear. Increasing evidences have demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in the pathogenesis of a variety of disease and were considered as ideal biomarkers in human disease. This study aimed to investigate circRNA expression profiles and detect new biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Differentially expression of circRNAs between CD and HCs (health controls) were screened by microarray analysis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 5 CD patients and 5 HCs were included in the microarray analysis. Then, the differences were validated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) following reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the patients of CD and sex- and age-matched HCs. The most differential expressed circRNA was further validated in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. Statistical significance between CD, UC, and HCs was analyzed by Student t test for unpaired samples or one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Diagnostic value of each circRNA was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. We identified 155 up-regulated circRNAs and 229 down-regulated ones by microarray analysis in PBMCs from CD patients compared with HCs. Besides, 4 circRNAs (092520, 102610, 004662, and 103124) were significantly up-regulated validated by RT-PCR and qPCR between CD and HCs. ROC curve analysis suggested important values of circRNAs (092520, 102610, 004662, and 103124) in CD diagnosis, with area under the curve (AUC) as 0.66, 0.78, 0.85, and 0.74, respectively. Then, we further identified that the relative expression levels of circRNA_004662 was upregulated significantly in CD patients compared with UC patients. Herein, the upregulation of the 4 circRNAs (092520, 102610, 004662, or 103124) in PBMCs can be served as potential diagnostic biomarkers of CD, and circRNA_004662 might be a novel candidate for differentiating CD from UC. Moreover, a circRNA-microRNA-mRNA network predicted that circRNA_004662 appeared to be correlated with mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , RNA/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transcriptoma , Adulto Jovem
12.
Mol Immunol ; 112: 369-377, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279218

RESUMO

Obesity is characterized by immune cell infiltration and inflammation. Purinergic receptors such as P2X1, 4 and 7 are expressed on immune cells and their activation contributes with an inflammatory response. However, the simultaneous expression of P2X1, 4 and 7 during overweight or obesity have not been described. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine single and simultaneously expression and function of the P2X1, 4 and 7 receptors in lymphocytes and CD4 + T cells from peripheral blood (PB) and adipose tissue (AT). Our results showed a higher expression of the P2X4 receptor on CD4 + T cells from PB regarding P2X7 and P2X1 receptor expression. In addition, P2X4 receptor expression on CD4 + T cells from PB and AT was increased in individuals with BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2. Moreover, a higher simultaneous expression of the P2X4 and P2X7 receptors on CD4 + T cells from AT compared to CD4 + T cells expressing P2X1 and P2X7 receptors simultaneously. Besides, CD4 + T cells expressing P2X4 and P2X7 receptors from PB and AT were augmented in individuals with BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2. In addition, the percentage of lymphocytes and also CD4 + T cells expressing P2X4 receptor were elevated both in PB and AT compared to cells expressing P2X7 or P2X1. However, CD4 + T cells expressing P2X4 and P2X7 were augmented in AT compared to PB. The function of the receptors showed a lower shedding of CD62 L in adipose tissue mononuclear cells (ATMC) compared with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and a greater participation of P2X4 in the mobilization of intracellular calcium. We concluded that it was possible to determine for the first time the simultaneous expression of purinergic receptors in ATMC, where the P2X4 receptor has a greater participation in the activation of CD4 + T cells possibly modulating the function of the other two receptors.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X1/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4/metabolismo , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X7/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adulto , Cálcio/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(2): 148-157, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to analyze their regulatory network. METHODS: The DEGs in PBMCs of HCC patients were screened based on GEO database. The functional enrichment analysis and interaction analysis were carried out for DEGs. MCODE algorithm was used to screen core genes of DEGs, and the mirDIP and starBase online tools were used to predict upstream miRNAs and lncRNAs of the core genes. RESULTS: A total of 265 DEGs with a high credibility were identified, which were mainly enriched in the biological activity, such as regulation of cell proliferation, metabolic regulation, cell communication and signaling, and inflammatory diseases according to Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway, and the two analyses were correlated. Four diagnostic candidate genes were identified, including FUS RNA binding protein, C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8, cullin 1 and RNA polymerase Ⅱ subunit H. Subsequently, 10 miRNAs, 1 lncRNAs and 38 circRNAs were predicted, and finally a lncRNA/circRNA-miRNA-mRNA-pathway regulatory networks was constructed. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic candidate genes and its regulatory network in HCC PBMC have been identified based on data mining, which could provide potential tumor biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/fisiopatologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia
14.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180529, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dental composites release unreacted resin monomers into the oral environment, even after polymerization. Periodontal cells are, therefore, exposed to substances that potentially elicit the immune inflammatory response. The underlying molecular mechanisms associated with the interaction between resin monomers and human immune cells found in the gingival crevicular fluid are not fully understood yet. This study investigated the ability of bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate (BISGMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) to induce apoptosis and cytokine release by human leukocytes stimulated with a periodontal pathogen. METHODOLOGY: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 healthy individuals were included in this study. To determine the toxicity, the PBMC were incubated for 20 hours, with monomers, for the analysis of cell viability using MTT assay. To evaluate cell death in the populations of monocytes and lymphocytes, they were exposed to sub-lethal doses of each monomer and of heat-inactivated Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) for 5 hours. Secretions of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA after 20 hours. RESULTS: UDMA and TEGDMA induced apoptosis after a short-time exposure. Bacterial challenge induced significant production of IL-1ß and TNF-α (p<0.05). TEGDMA reduced the bacterial-induced release of IL-1ß and TNF-α, whereas UDMA reduced IL-1ß release (p<0.05). These monomers did not affect IL-10 and IL-6 secretion. BISGMA did not significantly interfere in cytokine release. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that resin monomers are toxic to PBMC in a dose-dependent manner, and may influence the local immune inflammatory response and tissue damage mechanisms via regulation of bacterial-induced IL-1ß and TNF-α secretion by PBMC.


Assuntos
Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/farmacologia , Poliuretanos/farmacologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/fisiologia , Análise de Variância , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/análise , Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Necrose , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Nat Biotechnol ; 37(8): 916-924, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235917

RESUMO

Recent technical advancements have facilitated the mapping of epigenomes at single-cell resolution; however, the throughput and quality of these methods have limited their widespread adoption. Here we describe a high-quality (105 nuclear fragments per cell) droplet-microfluidics-based method for single-cell profiling of chromatin accessibility. We use this approach, named 'droplet single-cell assay for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing' (dscATAC-seq), to assay 46,653 cells for the unbiased discovery of cell types and regulatory elements in adult mouse brain. We further increase the throughput of this platform by combining it with combinatorial indexing (dsciATAC-seq), enabling single-cell studies at a massive scale. We demonstrate the utility of this approach by measuring chromatin accessibility across 136,463 resting and stimulated human bone marrow-derived cells to reveal changes in the cis- and trans-regulatory landscape across cell types and under stimulatory conditions at single-cell resolution. Altogether, we describe a total of 510,123 single-cell profiles, demonstrating the scalability and flexibility of this droplet-based platform.


Assuntos
Cromatina/química , Epigenômica/métodos , Microfluídica/métodos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Animais , Encéfalo/citologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Cromatina/metabolismo , Técnicas de Química Combinatória , Desoxirribonucleases/farmacologia , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos
16.
Vet Res ; 50(1): 42, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164173

RESUMO

Haemonchus contortus (H. contortus) has evolved sophisticated evasion mechanisms to ensure their survival, including generating excretion and secretion products (ESPs) to regulate the secretion of host cytokines. Interleukin 4 (IL4) is a classic T-helper cell type 2 (Th2)-type cytokine that plays an irreplaceable role against nematode infection. In this study, three proteins, glutathione S-transferase domain containing protein (HcGST), transthyretin domain containing protein (HcTTR) and calponin actin-binding domain containing protein (HcCab), were identified to bind to goat IL4 by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assays and yeast two-hybrid screening. Additionally, cell proliferation analysis showed that HcTTR blocked the IL4-induced proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in goats, while HcGST and HcCab did not. In addition, HcTTR could also downregulate the transcription of candidate genes in the IL4-induced JAK/STAT pathway. These results indicated that HcTTR is a novel antagonist against goat IL4 from HcESPs, and this information could improve our understanding of the relationship between host cytokines and parasite infections.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/genética , Cabras/fisiologia , Haemonchus/genética , Proteínas de Helminto/genética , Interleucina-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Albumina/genética , Animais , Cabras/parasitologia , Haemonchus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Helminto/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Receptores de Albumina/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética
17.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(1): 1-18, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Innate immune toll-like receptors (TLRs) are emerging as nutrient sensors. Oxidative stress in the adipose tissue in obesity acts as a critical early trigger of altered pathophysiology. TLR2/TLR4 adipose upregulation has been associated with insulin resistance in humans; however, it remains unclear whether oxidative stress can modulate expression of TLR2/4 and related immune-metabolic regulators (IRF3/5) in immune cells. We, therefore, assessed their expression along with proinflammatory cytokines in the human PBMC following induction of oxidative stress. METHODS: PBMC were isolated from blood of healthy donors using Ficoll-Paque method and cells were treated with H2O2 to induce oxidative stress. ROS was measured by DCFH-DA assay. Target gene and protein expression was determined using real-time RT-PCR and flow cytometry/confocal microscopy, respectively. TLR2/4 expression by H2O2 in presence of ROS-inhibitors or leptin/LPS/fatty acids was also assessed. Expression of phosphorylated/total ERK1/2, c-Jun, p38, and NF-κB was determined by western blotting. The data (mean±SEM) were compared using unpaired student's t-test or ANOVA; all P-values <0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: TLR2/4 mRNA/protein expression was elevated by oxidative stress in PBMC compared to controls (P<0.001). This induction was abrogated by apocynin/N-acetyl cysteine treatments (P<0.01). H2O2-induced TLR2/4 gene expression was further enhanced by leptin, LPS, oleate, or palmitate (P<0.05). Oxidative stress also promoted expression of IRF3/5 and proinflammatory cytokines including IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and MCP-1/CCL2. This oxidative stress in PBMC involved MAPK/NF-κB dependent signaling. CONCLUSION: Taken together, oxidative stress upregulates expression of TLR2/4, IRF3/5 and signature proinflammatory cytokines in PBMC, involving MAPK/NF-κB dependent signaling, all of which may have implications for metabolic inflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamação/genética , Estresse Oxidativo , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Regulação para Cima , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
18.
Wiad Lek ; 72(4): 584-588, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Atherosclerosis is a trigger in the development of cardiovascular disease. Complications of atherosclerosis give reason to search for new criteria, diagnostic concepts, treatment methods and active preventive measures. The aim of our work is to study of the structural changes in the intima-media complex of the common carotid artery, pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6) secreted by mononuclear cells; the level of the intercellular adhesion molecule (according to sICAM-1), the level of the C-peptide of the blood, as well as the study of the relationship between these factors affecting the development of atherosclerosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the group of 110 patients are studied the levels of secretion of TNF-α, IL-6, the soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, the level of blood C-peptide, performed of duplex scanning of the brachiocephalic vessels, studied of biopsy of the skin. RESULTS: Results and conclusions: In the group of patients with atherosclerosis and the accompanying metabolic syndrome, endothelial activation is noted under the influence of risk factors (hyperinsulinemia, arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia), accompanied with the activation of mononuclear cells (with marked hyperproduction of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6) and thickening of the intima-media complex of the common carotid artery with an increase in body weight. Patients with metabolic syndrome develop microangiopathy (edema of endothelial cells, thickening and reduplication of the basement membranes, focal reaction of the pericytes).


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/patologia , Peptídeo C/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Artérias Carótidas , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Túnica Íntima
19.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(4): 252-263, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076129

RESUMO

Astragalus membranaceus may be a potential therapy for childhood asthma but its driving mechanism remains elusive. The main components of A. membranaceus were identified by HPLC. The children with asthma remission were divided into two combination group (control group, the combination of budesonide and terbutaline) and A. membranaceus group (treatment group, the combination of budesonide, terbutaline and A. membranaceus). The therapeutic results were compared between two groups after 3-month therapy. Porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from venous blood by using density gradient centrifugation on percoll. The levels of FoxP3, EGF-ß, IL-17 and IL-23 from PBMCs and serum IgE were measured. The relative percentage of Treg/Th17 cells was determined using flow cytometry. The main components of A. membranaceus were calycosin-7-O-glucoside, isoquercitrin, ononin, calycosin, quercetin, genistein, kaempferol, isorhamnetin and formononetin, all of which may contribute to asthma therapy. Lung function was significantly improved in the treatment group when compared with a control group (P < 0.05). The efficacy in preventing the occurrence of childhood asthma was higher in the treatment group than the control group (P < 0.05). The levels of IgE, IL-17 and IL-23 were reduced significantly in the treatment group when compared with the control group, while the levels of FoxP3 and TGF-ß were increased in the treatment group when compared with the control group (P < 0.05). A. membranaceus increased the percentage of Treg cells and reduced the percentage of Th17 cells. A. membranaceus is potential natural product for improving the therapeutic efficacy of combination therapy of budesonide and terbutaline for the children with asthma remission by modulating the balance of Treg/Th17 cells.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Astragalus propinquus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Th17/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Asma/imunologia , Budesonida/administração & dosagem , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/fisiologia , Masculino , Suínos , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia , Terbutalina/administração & dosagem , Células Th17/citologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Scand J Immunol ; 90(2): e12776, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069824

RESUMO

The number of the X chromosome-linked genes has been previously suggested to influence immune responses and the development of autoimmune diseases. In the present study, we aimed at evaluating the level of expression of CD40L (an X-linked gene involved in adaptive immunity) and TLR7 (an X-linked gene involved in innate immunity) in a variety of different karyotypes. Those included males, females and patients with X chromosome aneuploidy. Healthy females (46, XX; n = 10) and healthy males (46, XY; n = 10) were compared to females with Turner syndrome (TS) (45, X; n = 11) and males with Klinefelter syndrome (KS) (47, XXY; n = 5). Stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with PMA and ionomycin resulted in higher percentage of CD3 + CD40L+ T cells (P < 0.001) and higher level expression of CD40L in T cell (P < 0.001) in female and KS patients compared with male and TS patients. TLR7-mediated IFN-alpha production by HLADR + CD3- CD19- cells was significantly upregulated in healthy women compared with healthy males, TS and KS patients (P < 0.001). TLR7 agonist-stimulated PBMCs from healthy females and KS patients expressed significantly higher levels of TLR7 mRNA than those from male and TS patients (P < 0.05). The increased expression of the X-linked genes TLR7 and CD40L in healthy females and KS patients suggests that the presence of two X chromosomes plays a major role in enhancing both innate and adaptive immune responses. These results may contribute to the explanation of sex-based differences in immune biology and the sex bias in predisposition to autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa/genética , Ligante de CD40/biossíntese , Ligante de CD40/genética , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Dosagem de Genes/genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/biossíntese , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/genética , Imunidade Adaptativa/imunologia , Antígenos CD19/biossíntese , Complexo CD3/biossíntese , Células Cultivadas , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Interferon-alfa/biossíntese , Ionomicina/farmacologia , Síndrome de Klinefelter/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Masculino , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Síndrome de Turner/genética
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