Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.872
Filtrar
1.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 186, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883951

RESUMO

Sterol regulatory element binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) is activated by cytokines or pathogen, such as virus or bacteria, but its association with diminished cholesterol levels in COVID-19 patients is unknown. Here, we evaluated SREBP-2 activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of COVID-19 patients and verified the function of SREBP-2 in COVID-19. Intriguingly, we report the first observation of SREBP-2 C-terminal fragment in COVID-19 patients' blood and propose SREBP-2 C-terminal fragment as an indicator for determining severity. We confirmed that SREBP-2-induced cholesterol biosynthesis was suppressed by Sestrin-1 and PCSK9 expression, while the SREBP-2-induced inflammatory responses was upregulated in COVID-19 ICU patients. Using an infectious disease mouse model, inhibitors of SREBP-2 and NF-κB suppressed cytokine storms caused by viral infection and prevented pulmonary damages. These results collectively suggest that SREBP-2 can serve as an indicator for severity diagnosis and therapeutic target for preventing cytokine storm and lung damage in severe COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Colesterol/biossíntese , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/mortalidade , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/virologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/genética , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/virologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/genética , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/imunologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4875-4883, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Some reports showed encouraging efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors among patients who experienced immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Thus, characterization of T-cell repertoire and immune signatures in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and tumors before and after immune checkpoint inhibitors treatment should contribute to better understanding of irAE-provoked anticancer immune responses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied expression analysis of immune-related genes and T-cell receptor sequencing in tumor and PBMCs from five patients with renal cell carcinoma before combined immunotherapy and at the onset of severe irAEs. RESULTS: We found that the cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8)/forkhead box P3(FOXP3), granzyme B(GZMB)/CD3, perforin 1(PRF1)/CD3 and programmed cell death 1(PD1)/CD8 expression ratios were significantly elevated in PBMCs at the onset of irAEs. In addition, we found expansion of certain T-cell clones in metastatic tissue after irAEs, which were already increased in peripheral blood at the onset of irAEs. CONCLUSION: irAE-provoked T-cells may also circulate and attack distant tumors, leading to durable response in patients with irAEs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Renais/imunologia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/imunologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Codificadores dos Receptores de Linfócitos T/genética , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238132, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853221

RESUMO

Bears do not suffer from osteoporosis during hibernation, which is associated with long-term inactivity, lack of food intake, and cold exposure. However, the mechanisms involved in bone loss prevention have scarcely been elucidated in bears. We investigated the effect of serum from hibernating Japanese black bears (Ursus thibetanus japonicus) on differentiation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) to osteoclasts (OCs). PBMCs collected from 3 bears were separately cultured with 10% serum of 4 active and 4 hibernating bears (each individual serum type was assessed separately by a bear PBMCs), and differentiation were induced by treatment with macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL). PBMCs that were cultured with the active bear serum containing medium (ABSM) differentiated to multi-nucleated OCs, and were positive for TRAP stain. However, cells supplemented with hibernating bear serum containing medium (HBSM) failed to form OCs, and showed significantly lower TRAP stain (p < 0.001). On the other hand, HBSM induced proliferation of adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) similarly to ABSM (p > 0.05), indicating no difference on cell growth. It was revealed that osteoclastogenesis of PBMCs is hindered by HBSM, implying an underlying mechanism for the suppressed bone resorption during hibernation in bears. In addition, this study for the first time showed the formation of bears' OCs in-vitro.


Assuntos
Hibernação/fisiologia , Osteoclastos/fisiologia , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Ursidae/fisiologia , Animais , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/fisiopatologia , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/fisiologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/metabolismo , Ursidae/metabolismo
4.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(8): e1008696, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760139

RESUMO

HLA-B*35Px is associated with HIV-1 disease rapid progression to AIDS. However, the mechanism(s) underlying this deleterious effect of this HLA allele on HIV-1 infection outcome has not fully understood. CD8+ T cells play a crucial role to control the viral replication but impaired CD8+ T cells represent a major hallmark of HIV-1 infection. Here, we examined the effector functions of CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35Px (HLA-B*35:03 and HLA-B*35:02), HLA-B*27/B57 and non-HLA-B*27/B57 (e.g. HLA-A*01, A*02, A*03, A*11, A*24, A*26, B*40, B*08, B*38, B*44). CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35Px exhibited an impaired phenotype compared with those restricted by HLA-B*27/B57 and even non-HLA-B*27/B57. CD8+ T cells restricted by non-HLA-B*27/B57 when encountered their cognate epitopes upregulated TIM-3 and thus became suppressed by regulatory T cells (Tregs) via TIM-3: Galectin-9 (Gal-9). Strikingly, CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35Px expressed fewer TIM-3 and therefore did not get suppressed by Tregs, which was similar to CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*27/B57. Instead, CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35Px upon recognition of their cognate epitopes upregulated CTLA-4. The transcriptional and impaired phenotype (e.g. poor effector functions) of HIV-specific CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35 was related to persistent CTLA-4, elevated Eomes and blimp-1 but poor T-bet expression. As such, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, Ipilimumab, reversed the impaired proliferative capacity of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35Px but not others. This study supports the concept that CD8+ T resistance to Tregs-mediated suppression is related to allele restriction rather than the epitope specificity. Our results aid to explain a novel mechanism for the inability of HIV-specific CD8+ T cells restricted by HLA-B*35Px to control viral replication.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , HIV-1/imunologia , Antígeno HLA-B35/imunologia , Replicação Viral , Antígeno CTLA-4/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Fenótipo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia
5.
Science ; 369(6508): 1210-1220, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788292

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) represents a global crisis, yet major knowledge gaps remain about human immunity to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We analyzed immune responses in 76 COVID-19 patients and 69 healthy individuals from Hong Kong and Atlanta, Georgia, United States. In the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of COVID-19 patients, we observed reduced expression of human leukocyte antigen class DR (HLA-DR) and proinflammatory cytokines by myeloid cells as well as impaired mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling and interferon-α (IFN-α) production by plasmacytoid dendritic cells. By contrast, we detected enhanced plasma levels of inflammatory mediators-including EN-RAGE, TNFSF14, and oncostatin M-which correlated with disease severity and increased bacterial products in plasma. Single-cell transcriptomics revealed a lack of type I IFNs, reduced HLA-DR in the myeloid cells of patients with severe COVID-19, and transient expression of IFN-stimulated genes. This was consistent with bulk PBMC transcriptomics and transient, low IFN-α levels in plasma during infection. These results reveal mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Citocinas/sangue , DNA Bacteriano/sangue , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Antígenos HLA-DR/análise , Humanos , Imunidade , Imunidade Inata , Imunoglobulinas/sangue , Imunoglobulinas/imunologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Masculino , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Pandemias , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Célula Única , Biologia de Sistemas , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Transcriptoma
6.
Cells ; 9(9)2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847031

RESUMO

Following influenza infection, rs2248374-G ERAP2 expressing cells may transcribe an alternative spliced isoform: ERAP2/Iso3. This variant, unlike ERAP2-wt, is unable to trim peptides to be loaded on MHC class I molecules, but it can still dimerize with both ERAP2-wt and ERAP1-wt, thus contributing to profiling an alternative cellular immune-peptidome. In order to verify if the expression of ERAP2/Iso3 may be induced by other pathogens, PBMCs and MDMs isolated from 20 healthy subjects were stimulated with flu, LPS, CMV, HIV-AT-2, SARS-CoV-2 antigens to analyze its mRNA and protein expression. In parallel, Calu3 cell lines and PBMCs were in vitro infected with growing doses of SARS-CoV-2 (0.5, 5, 1000 MOI) and HIV-1BAL (0.1, 1, and 10 ng p24 HIV-1Bal/1 × 106 PBMCs) viruses, respectively. Results showed that: (1) ERAP2/Iso3 mRNA expression can be prompted by many pathogens and it is coupled with the modulation of several determinants (cytokines, interferon-stimulated genes, activation/inhibition markers, antigen-presentation elements) orchestrating the anti-microbial immune response (Quantigene); (2) ERAP2/Iso3 mRNA is translated into a protein (western blot); (3) ERAP2/Iso3 mRNA expression is sensitive to SARS-CoV-2 and HIV-1 concentration. Considering the key role played by ERAPs in antigen processing and presentation, it is conceivable that these enzymes may be potential targets and modulators of the pathogenicity of infectious diseases and further analyses are needed to define the role played by the different isoforms.


Assuntos
Aminopeptidases/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Imunização/métodos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Macrófagos/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Apresentação do Antígeno/genética , Doadores de Sangue , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/genética , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/imunologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética/imunologia
7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 329: 109223, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781033

RESUMO

Thromboembolism is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Most therapeutic drugs for treating thrombosis can cause hemorrhage and have short half-lives within human blood circulation resulting in a need to discover and develop novel anticoagulants/antithrombotics. EuRP-61 has been isolated from a plant latex (Euphorbia resinifera) and characterized as a serine protease. In this study, EuRP-61 was able to hydrolyze all chains of human fibrin clots. The enzyme may have long term stability in blood circulation as its fibrinogenolytic activity was not affected by human blood circulating inhibitors such as α2-macroglobulin and antithrombin III. The enzyme may affect the extrinsic, intrinsic or common pathways of the human blood coagulation cascade as evidenced by its prolonged of both prothrombin (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin (APTT) time. Moreover, the enzyme inhibited platelet aggregation via the ADP-receptor pathway. EuRP-61 was not toxic to human red blood cells in the 4 common blood groups (A, B, O and AB) (all Rh+) or human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMCs). The enzyme may protect human peripheral blood cells from aggregation without destroying them. This study provides evidence that EuRP-61 may have potential as an agent for the treatment of thrombosis.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Euphorbia/enzimologia , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Peptídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/isolamento & purificação , Antitrombina III/antagonistas & inibidores , Antitrombina III/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrinolíticos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , alfa 2-Macroglobulinas Associadas à Gravidez/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa 2-Macroglobulinas Associadas à Gravidez/metabolismo
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 590, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiviral therapy is recommended for patients with immune-active chronic hepatitis B (CHB) to decrease the risk of liver-related complications. However, the outcomes of the pegylated IFN-α (PEG-IFN-α) therapy vary among CHB patients. We aimed to identify factors that can influence the outcomes in CHB patients who received antiviral PEG-IFN-α monotherapy. METHODS: Thirty-two CHB patients who received PEG-IFN-α monotherapy were enrolled in this study. All of the patients underwent two liver biopsies at baseline and 6 months after the initiation of the therapy. CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, CD68+ mononuclear cells, and PD-1 levels in the 64 liver biopsy specimens were examined via immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The overall median frequency of CD8+ T cells in the liver tissues of 32 CHB patients significantly decreased at 6 months after the therapy initiation (p < 0.01). In the FIER (fibrosis and inflammation response with HBeAg seroconversion) group, CD8+PD-1+ T cells significantly decreased at 6 months (p < 0.05), while CD8+PD-1- T cells had no significant difference. On the contrary, in the FIENR (no fibrosis and inflammation response and HBeAg seroconversion) group, CD8+PD-1- T cells significantly decreased after 6 months of PEG-IFN-α treatment (p < 0.05), while CD8+PD-1+ T cells had no significant difference. In addition, the levels of CD68+ mononuclear cells in the FIER group showed an overall increasing trend after treatment (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The changes in the levels of CD8+PD-1+ T cells and CD68+ mononuclear cells may be related to the response to PEG-IFN-α therapy.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Fígado/patologia , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H481-H487, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678706

RESUMO

Modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors induce the release of proinflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species from circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), resulting in increased cardiovascular disease risk and compromised immune health. These changes may be driven by metabolic reprogramming of PBMCs, resulting in reduced mitochondrial respiration; however, this has not been fully tested. We aimed to determine the independent associations between cardiometabolic risk factors including BMI, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and plasma lipids with mitochondrial respiration in PBMCs isolated from generally healthy individuals (n = 21) across the adult lifespan (12 men/9 women; age, 56 ± 21 yr; age range, 22-78 yr; body mass index, 27.9 ± 5.7 kg/m2; blood pressure, 123 ± 16/72 ± 10 mmHg; glucose, 90 ± 14 mg/dL; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), 111 ± 22 mg/dL; and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), 62 ± 16 mg/dL). PBMCs were isolated from whole blood by density-dependent centrifugation and used to assess mitochondrial function by respirometry. Primary outcomes included basal and maximal oxygen consumption rate (OCR), which were subsequently used to determine spare respiratory capacity and OCR metabolic potential. After we corrected for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and blood glucose, LDL-C was negatively associated with maximal respiration (r = -0.56, P = 0.016), spare respiratory capacity (r = -0.58, P = 0.012), and OCR metabolic potential (r = -0.71, P = 0.0011). In addition, SBP was negatively associated with OCR metabolic potential (r = -0.62, P = 0.0056) after we corrected for DBP, blood glucose, and LDL-C. These data suggest a link between blood cholesterol, SBP, and mitochondrial health that may provide insight into how cardiometabolic risk factors contribute to impaired immune cell function.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Independent of other cardiometabolic risk factors, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure were found to be negatively associated with several parameters of mitochondrial respiration in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy adults. These data suggest that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and systolic blood pressure may induce metabolic reprogramming of immune cells, contributing to increased cardiovascular disease risk and impaired immune health.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Respiração Celular , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/imunologia , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias/imunologia , Consumo de Oxigênio , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
10.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(8): e008627, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During acute infections, the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias is increased, partly because of a higher propensity to develop QTc prolongation. Although it is generally believed that QTc changes almost exclusively result from concomitant treatment with QT-prolonging antimicrobials, direct effects of inflammatory cytokines on ventricular repolarization are increasingly recognized. We hypothesized that systemic inflammation per se can significantly prolong QTc during acute infections, via cytokine-mediated changes in K+ channel expression. METHODS: We evaluated (1) the frequency of QTc prolongation and its association with inflammatory markers, in patients with different types of acute infections, during active disease and remission; (2) the prevalence of acute infections in a cohort of consecutive patients with Torsades de Pointes; (3) the relationship between K+ channel mRNA levels in ventricles and peripheral blood mononuclear cells and their changes in patients with acute infection over time. RESULTS: In patients with acute infections, regardless of concomitant QT-prolonging antimicrobial treatments, QTc was significantly prolonged but rapidly normalized in parallel to CRP (C-reactive protein) and cytokine level reduction. Consistently in the Torsades de Pointes cohort, concomitant acute infections were highly prevalent (30%), despite only a minority (25%) of these cases were treated with QT-prolonging antimicrobials. KCNJ2 K+ channel expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cell, which strongly correlated to that in ventricles, inversely associated to CRP and IL (interleukin)-1 changes in acute infection patients. CONCLUSIONS: During acute infections, systemic inflammation rapidly induces cytokine-mediated ventricular electrical remodeling and significant QTc prolongation, regardless concomitant antimicrobial therapy. Although transient, these changes may significantly increase the risk of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia in these patients. It is timely and warranted to transpose these findings to the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, in which both increased amounts of circulating cytokines and cardiac arrhythmias are demonstrated along with a frequent concomitant treatment with several QT-prolonging drugs. Graphic Abstract: A graphic abstract is available for this article.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Parada Cardíaca/metabolismo , Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/metabolismo , Torsades de Pointes/metabolismo , Potenciais de Ação , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Transmissíveis/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Canais de Potássio Corretores do Fluxo de Internalização/genética , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Torsades de Pointes/epidemiologia , Torsades de Pointes/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235518, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614928

RESUMO

Interruption of the programmed death 1 (PD-1) / programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway is an established and effective therapeutic strategy in human oncology and holds promise for veterinary oncology. We report the generation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies specific for canine PD-1 and PD-L1. Antibodies were initially assessed for their capacity to block the binding of recombinant canine PD-1 to recombinant canine PD-L1 and then ranked based on efficiency of binding as judged by flow cytometry. Selected antibodies were capable of detecting PD-1 and PD-L1 on canine tissues by flow cytometry and Western blot. Anti-PD-L1 worked for immunocytochemistry and anti-PD-1 worked for immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed paraffin embedded canine tissues, suggesting the usage of this antibody with archived tissues. Additionally, anti-PD-L1 (JC071) revealed significantly increased PD-L1 expression on canine monocytes after stimulation with peptidoglycan or lipopolysaccharide. Together, these antibodies display specificity for the natural canine ligand using a variety of potential diagnostic applications. Importantly, multiple PD-L1-specific antibodies amplified IFN-γ production in a canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) concanavlin A (Con A) stimulation assay, demonstrating functional activity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Cães , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
12.
Life Sci ; 257: 118057, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634427

RESUMO

AIMS: We set about to investigate the potential role of microRNA-155-5p (miR-155-5p) in the development of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), an idiopathic deficiency of blood platelets. MAIN METHODS: Initially, RT-qPCR and Western blot analyses were carried out to determine the expression of miR-155-5p and SOCS1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and macrophages from ITP patients. We undertook gain- and loss- function methods by transfection of macrophages and PBMCs with treated plasmids. The expression patterns of platelet-related factors were measured by ELISA, and the expressions of PD1, PDL1, and macrophage M2 marker CD206 and CD86 were also measured. The relationship between miR-155-5p and SOCS1 was determined using the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. We also established an ITP mouse model to explore the roles of miR-155-5p and SOCS1 in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: miR-155-5p was up-regulated, while SOCS1 was down-regulated in PBMCs and macrophages from ITP patients. SOCS1 was indicated as a target of miR-155-5p. Inhibition of miR-155-5p or up-regulation of SOCS1 facilitated macrophage M2 polarization as demonstrated by an increased M2/M1 ratio and suppressed expression of platelet-related factors. Furthermore, silencing of SOCS1 promoted ITP progression through blocking the PD1/PDL1 pathway, whilst upregulation of miR-155-5p remarkably increased the platelet abundance and suppressed SOCS1 expression in ITP model mice. SIGNIFICANCE: Silencing of miR-155-5p could promote PD1/PDL1 pathway-mediated macrophage M2 polarization and prevent ITP via up-regulation of SOCS1, thus relieving ITP.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/genética , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos CBA , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/fisiopatologia , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
13.
Mutat Res ; 853: 503194, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522349

RESUMO

Obesity is associated with elevated cancer risk, which may be represented by elevated genomic damage. Oxidative stress plays a key role in obesity related detrimental health consequences including DNA oxidation damage. The elevated cancer risk in obesity may be a consequence. Weight loss has been shown to reduce genomic damage, but the role of oxidative stress in that has not been clarified. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the influence of bariatric surgery induced weight loss on DNA oxidation damage in morbidly obese subjects. For this aim, we used cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the FPG comet assay. Advanced protein oxidation products and 3-nitrotyrosine were measured as oxidative and nitrative protein stress markers. Furthermore, expression of oxidative stress related proteins HSP70 and Nrf2 as well as mitochondrial enzyme citrate synthase and NADPH oxidase subunit p22 phox were analysed. Our findings revealed significantly reduced DNA strand breaks, but DNA base oxidation was not reduced. We observed significant reduction in plasma AOPPs and 3-nitrotyrosine, which indicated an improvement in oxidative/nitrative stress. However, expression of HSP70 and Nrf2 were not altered after weight loss. In addition, expression of citrate synthase and p22 phox were also unaltered. Overall, bariatric surgery induced significant reduction in excess body weight and improved the patients' health status, including reduced DNA strand breaks and slightly improved antioxidant status in some of the investigated endpoints, while cellular ROS formation and DNA oxidation damage stayed unaltered. This complex situation may be due to combined beneficial effects of weight loss and burdening of the body with fat breakdown products. In the future, collecting samples two years after surgery, when patients have been in a weight plateau for some time, might be a promising approach.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Perda de Peso/fisiologia , Adulto , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Ensaio Cometa/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/cirurgia , Oxirredução , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
14.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235413, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589655

RESUMO

Monitoring changes in the immune profile in blood samples can help identifying changes in tumor biology and therapy responsiveness over time. Immune-related gene expression profiles offer a highly reproducible method to monitor changes of the immune system. However, measuring gene expression profiles in whole blood samples can be complicated because of the high protein and enzyme abundancy that affect the stability and quality of the RNA. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are one the most commonly used source for immune cell RNA extraction, though, this method does not reflect all components of the peripheral blood. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in immune-related gene expression between RNA isolated from stabilized whole blood and RNA isolated from PBMCs. Whole blood samples from 12 pancreatic cancer patients were collected before and after chemotherapy (n = 24). Blood samples were collected in both EDTA tubes, and Tempus tubes containing an RNA stabilizer (total n = 48). PBMCs were isolated from EDTA samples using Ficoll and were snap frozen. Subsequently, immune-related gene expression was profiled using the PanCancer Immune Profiling Panel of NanoString technology. Gene expression profiles of PBMCs were compared to that of Tempus tubes using the Advanced Analysis module of nSolver software. Both types of samples provided good quality RNA and gene expression measurements. However, RNA isolated from Tempus tubes resulted in significantly higher gene counts than PBMCs; 107/730 genes were exclusively detected in Tempus samples, while under the detection limit in PBMCs. In addition, 192/730 genes showed significantly higher gene counts in Tempus samples, 157/730 genes showed higher gene counts in PBMCs. Thus, RNA isolated from whole blood stabilizing blood tubes, such as Tempus tubes, enable higher gene counts and more comprehensive measurements of gene expression profiles compared to RNA isolated from PBMCs.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , RNA/sangue , RNA/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20630, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590737

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested that the anticancer agent, arsenic trioxide (ATO), could attenuate T cell mediated immunity by not only inhibiting the proliferative response of T cells but by also increasing the frequency of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Furthermore, ATO represents a reasonable salvage treatment in some patients with refractory severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The current study aimed to evaluate the function of ATO on the Tregs percentage and cytokines changes in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of SAA patients.PBMCs were collected from 20 newly diagnosed SAA patients in Henan Cancer Hospital and treated with different concentrations of ATO (0, 1, 2.5, and 5 µmol/L). Then we investigated the efficacy of ATO on Tregs ratio and the levels of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-17 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1 in the peripheral blood of SAA patients in vitro.The results showed that ATO significantly increased the proportion of Tregs (P < .001) at 2.5 and 5 µmol/L concentrations, and the proportion of Tregs was increased with increasing ATO concentration (r = 0.524). At 1 (P = .03), 2.5 (P < .001) and 5 µmol/L (P < .001), ATO significantly up-regulated the expression levels of Foxp3 mRNA, which was positively and linearly correlated with the increase of Tregs cell-frequency (r = 0.52, 95%CI, 0.37-0.67). In addition, ATO significantly reduced the levels of IFN-γ (at 1, 2.5 and 5 µmol/L, P < .001), IL-4 (at 2.5 µmol/L, P = .009; at 5 µmol/L, P < .001), and IL-17 (at 2.5, P = .016; at 5 µmol/L, P < .001). ATO significantly reduced the levels of TGF-ß1 at 5 µmol/L (P = .03), but showed no significant effects at 1 and 2.5 µmol/L (P > .05).ATO could mediate the immune regulation, which might contribute to improve hematopoietic recovery in SAA patients.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/sangue , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Trióxido de Arsênio/administração & dosagem , Interferon gama/sangue , Interleucina-17/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/sangue , Anemia Aplástica/tratamento farmacológico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
16.
Gene ; 754: 144880, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526260

RESUMO

Cancer secretion can change the properties of adjacent cells, including peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We investigated whether such secretion influences messenger RNA expression in PBMCs of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In the present study, co-culture model of normal PBMCs and HNSCC cell lines were established. The PBMCs were subsequently subjected to RNA sequencing for transcriptome analysis. Furthermore, expression data from the Gene Expression Omnibus repository, platform GPL4133, series GSE39400, were gathered to analyze, afterward identify zinc finger CysCysHisCys (CCHC)-type domain-containing protein 6 (ZCCHC6) as the main gene involved in HNSCC. This gene was then validated by a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that ZCCHC6 was expressed at significantly higher levels in the patients with HNSCC than in the healthy controls, and the sensitivity and specificity of these findings for diagnostic purposes were 100.00% and 70.83%, respectively. In summary, our findings demonstrated that the secretion of HNSCC cells could cause the alterations in messenger RNA expression by PBMCs. The ZCCHC6 expression level may apply in HNSCC screening.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , RNA Nucleotidiltransferases/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/sangue , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
17.
Gene ; 754: 144887, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation (LTX)is a lifesaving- effective protocol for patients suffering end stage liver disease (ESLD) and its complications post HCV infection. Recurrence of disease is a frequent clinical complication that is observed in patients undergoing LTX. Cytokines play a central role in the immunological events occurring after the surgery. METHODS: Using Allelic Discrimination PCR, the allelic variation G174C of IL-6 gene was investigated. The abundance of IL6- mRNA and plasma IL6 cytokine levels were evaluated by using qRT-PCR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) respectively in 76 liver transplant recipients recruited from Al Sahel teaching hospital, Ministry of Health and Population Cairo Egypt within the period between June 2015 and October 2017. RESULTS: The frequencies of IL-6 GG genotype and the G allele were significantly detected more in LTX recipients who experienced HCV recurrence versus those who did not suffer recurrence when compared to healthy controls (P = 0.001) and (P = 0.006), respectively. On the contrary, levels of IL-6 related transcripts in PBMC's of recurrent patients were indifferent from non-recurrent patients and healthy controls (P ≥ 0.124). Interestingly, the circulating IL-6 protein in plasma was significantly elevated in recurrent as compared to the non-recurrent recipients (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: HCV recurrence post liver transplantation occur more frequently in patients with -174 G/G IL-6 genotype and elevated plasma IL-6 levels.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Hepatite C/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Feminino , Hepatite C/cirurgia , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Transplantados
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3177, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576819

RESUMO

Vascular permeability and plasma leakage are immune-pathologies of severe dengue virus (DENV) infection, but the mechanisms underlying the exacerbated inflammation during DENV pathogenesis are unclear. Here, we demonstrate that TLR2, together with its co-receptors CD14 and TLR6, is an innate sensor of DENV particles inducing inflammatory cytokine expression and impairing vascular integrity in vitro. Blocking TLR2 prior to DENV infection in vitro abrogates NF-κB activation while CD14 and TLR6 block has a moderate effect. Moreover, TLR2 block prior to DENV infection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells prevents activation of human vascular endothelium, suggesting a potential role of the TLR2-responses in vascular integrity. TLR2 expression on CD14 + + classical monocytes isolated in an acute phase from DENV-infected pediatric patients correlates with severe disease development. Altogether, these data identify a role for TLR2 in DENV infection and provide insights into the complex interaction between the virus and innate receptors that may underlie disease pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue/metabolismo , Dengue/imunologia , Monócitos/metabolismo , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Permeabilidade Capilar , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dengue/virologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Inflamação , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Receptor 6 Toll-Like
19.
CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol ; 9(8): 435-443, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511867

RESUMO

Azithromycin (AZ), a broad-spectrum macrolide antibiotic, is being investigated in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A population pharmacokinetic model was implemented to predict lung, intracellular poly/mononuclear cell (peripheral blood monocyte (PBM)/polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PML)), and alveolar macrophage (AM) concentrations using published data and compared against preclinical effective concentration 90% (EC90 ) for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The final model described the data reported in eight publications adequately. Consistent with its known properties, concentrations were higher in AM and PBM/PML, followed by lung tissue, and lowest systemically. Simulated PBM/PML concentrations exceeded EC90 following the first dose and for ~ 14 days following 500 mg q.d. for 3 days or 500 mg q.d. for 1 day/250 mg q.d. on days 2-5, 10 days following a single 1,000 mg dose, and for > 20 days with 500 mg q.d. for 10 days. AM concentrations exceeded the 90% inhibitory concentration for > 20 days for all regimens. These data will better inform optimization of dosing regimens for AZ clinical trials.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Azitromicina/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Azitromicina/farmacocinética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pandemias , Distribuição Tecidual
20.
Life Sci ; 256: 117898, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis as a progressive inflammatory disease is the main cause of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Multiple genetic and environmental factors are involved in susceptibility to atherosclerotic vascular diseases. FOXO1 gene acts as a key molecular proinflammatory transcription factor and the FBOX32 gene as an F-box protein plays pivotal roles in regulation of muscle atrophy and inhibition of the pathologic cardiac hypertrophy. MiR-27a has been reported to contribute to atherosclerosis prevention and the inflammatory processes of atherosclerosis. MicroRNA-23a has been found to promote atherosclerotic plaque progression and vulnerability. Hence, given the importance of these subjects, the present study was carried out to investigate the expression levels of the desired genes. METHODOLOGY: In this case-control study, 82 patients with CAD and 80 healthy controls were investigated. Expression levels of miRNAs -27a and 23a, FOXO1, Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in the Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs), serum concentration of IL6 and TNF-α of the studied subjects were evaluated using the real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique. The correlation between the variables was also investigated. RESULTS: Results of the study demonstrated that expression of FOXO1, IL-6, TNF-α, miR-27a, and miR-23a increased in the PBMCs of the patients with CAD and their expression levels were significantly correlated with the severity of stenosis. A significant decrease was observed in the expression of SIRT1 in the patients with CAD compared to the healthy controls. Furthermore, the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to find the effectiveness of FOXO1 and miRNA-27a gene expression as a diagnostic marker for CAD. CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the study suggested that miRs-27a and FOXO1 genes have a potential role in the progression of atherosclerosis and mediate the molecular and genetic disturbances of the intracellular communication in the atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA