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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21520, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871999

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Information regarding the clinical features and outcomes of pneumonia due to an infection with human coronavirus (HCoV)-OC43 in children with cancer is rare. This report presents the clinical features in terms of chest CT scan images which may be used to identify cases of HCoV-OC43 infection induced pneumonia in immunocompromised children. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report here a girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who developed respiratory symptoms during febrile neutropenia. Rapid clinical progression and nodular lesions on her chest X-ray and computed tomography scans were suggestive of a pulmonary fungal infection. DIAGNOSIS: A series of tests eventually confirmed the exclusive presence of HCoV-OC43 by the FilmArray Respiratory Panel from a throat swab sample. INTERVENTIONS: After the diagnosis was confirmed, the antimicrobial agents initially administered were discontinued. OUTCOMES: Although the chest CT scan images looked severe, the clinical course of the infection induced pneumonia was benign. The respiratory status of the patient was completely resolved in 2 weeks. LESSONS: This report highlights the importance of early identification of respiratory viruses, via the realization of their clinical characteristics, which helps reduce the duration of administration of antimicrobial agents in this setting.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Coronavirus Humano OC43/isolamento & purificação , Neutropenia Febril/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
2.
Orv Hetil ; 161(38): 1623-1628, 2020 09.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924966

RESUMO

Maintenance therapy has been the strong and standard element of many acute lymphoblastic leukaemia protocols, used much less frequently and systematically in adult oncohematological disorders. The first adult maintenance efforts appeared in follicular and mantle cell lymphoma (mostly monoclonal antibody based), along with an early maintenance effort to prolong the plateau phase of myeloma. For the time being, after a long debate, the prognosis-dependent type of consolidation and maintenance became - sometimes until relapse - the standard approach in myeloma patients. The so-called small molecules, which turned out to be effective as induction and relapse agents, are continuously moving toward maintenance settings. Moreover, maintenance efforts seem to be more and more considered and used in transplanted or some non-transplanted acute myeloid leukaemia patients as well. Nevertheless, maintenance should be patient-friendly, easy to use (e.g., tablets) by enabling short outpatient office time, done not very frequently, and as much quality-of-life-based as possible. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(38): 1623-1628.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22208, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most commonly seen cancers in children, which mainly relates with inherited genetic variations. Consolidation chemotherapy is usually given to the pediatric ALL patients, however there is no meta-analysis and network analysis conducting the efficacy of the chemotherapy. Therefore, we perform a protocol to assess the efficacy of chemotherapeutics for pediatric ALL. METHODS: A literature search for randomized controlled trials about some specific chemotherapy regimens for pediatric ALL will be carried out in 7 electronic databases from their establishment to June 2019: the Cochrane Library, Embase, MEDLINE, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Sino Med, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP) and the Wanfang Database. Complete continuous remission will be measured as primary outcome. Stata 14.0 will be utilized to perform a standard pairwise meta-analysis and the NMA, as well as draw Network Plots of Network Meta. RESULTS: This network meta-analysis will evaluate the efficacy of different consolidation chemotherapy regimens. CONCLUSION: This study will furnish decision-making reference on optimum proposal of chemotherapy regimens for pediatric ALL. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019134518.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5751-5756, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: A single study has shown positive association and genotype-phenotype correlation between metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) promoter genotypes and adult acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). However, there is no report about childhood ALL. Thus, this study aimed at examining the role of MMP-9 rs3918242 genotypes in childhood ALL risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 266 childhood ALL cases and 266 healthy controls in Taiwan were examined for their MMP-9 rs3918242 genotypes via polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methodology. RESULTS: The MMP-9 rs3918242 CT or TT genotype carriers only had a slightly increased risk compared with CC carriers (p=0.6386 and 0.6005, respectively). The allelic frequency analysis also supported the idea that the variant T allele at MMP-9 rs3918242 is not differentially distributed between the case and control groups (p=0.4834). CONCLUSION: MMP-9 rs3918242 genotypes may indirectly influence the risk of childhood ALL. Further validations in other populations and analysis of the detail mechanisms are needed.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Criança , Feminino , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
5.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2639-2648, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889611

RESUMO

Extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) continues to remain a clinical challenge. The data on EMR in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are currently limited. Herein, a retrospective analysis of 268 adult ALL patients who underwent allo-HSCT in our center between March 2008 and December 2017 was performed to analyze post-HSCT EMR. Ninety patients (33.58%) experienced relapse; 51(19.03%) experienced bone marrow relapse (BMR), whereas 39 (14.55%) experienced EMR. The 5-year cumulative EMR incidence (CEMRI) revealed that matched sibling donor (MSD)-HSCTs were more likely to develop EMR than unrelated donor (URD)- and haploidentical-related donor (HRD)-HSCTs (CEMRI: 24.02%, 7.69%, and 14.69% for MSD, URD, and HRD, respectively). Notably, MSD-HSCTs (URD vs MSD hazard ratio (HR) = 0.26, p = 0.015; HRD vs MSD HR = 0.46, p = 0.032), history of extramedullary disease (EMD) (HR = 2.45, p = 0.041), and T cell ALL (HR = 2.80, p = 0.012) were independent risk factors for EMR in the multivariate analysis. The median overall survival (OS) for all patients was 15.23 months. However, the OS of EMR patients was significantly longer (19.50 months) than that of BMR patients (12.90 months) (p = 0.003). Multivariate analyses revealed that the leading risk factors for post-relapse deaths were shorter intervals between HSCT and relapse (> 12 months vs ≤ 12 months, HR = 0.30, p < 0.001) and BMR (HR = 0.41, p = 0.002). In conclusion, EMR patients have better survival than BMR patients. ALL patients with allo-HSCT from MSDs, a history of EMD, and the T cell type were significantly associated with EMR.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 658, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia-induced pulmonary haemorrhage is considered a fatal infection among haematological patients. The outcome can be explained by the patients' immunity status and late diagnosis and treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the rare case of successful outcome in a 61-year-old female who developed alveolar haemorrhage and acute respiratory distress syndrome 8 days after a chemotherapy session for her acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, in the context of secondary bone marrow aplasia. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was isolated in sputum culture. The patient benefitted from early empirical treatment with colistin followed by trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, according to the antibiogram. Despite a severe initial clinical presentation in need of mechanical ventilation, neuromuscular blocking agents infusion, and ventilation in prone position, the patient had a favourable outcome and was discharged from intensive care after 26 days. CONCLUSIONS: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia severe pneumonia complicated with pulmonary haemorrhage is not always fatal in haematological patients. Empirical treatment of multidrug-resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in an immunocompromised haematological patient presenting with hemoptysis should be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Colistina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/isolamento & purificação , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/complicações , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Bacteriana/etiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/microbiologia , Escarro/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(8): 922-928, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908056

RESUMO

In 2018, two novel antibody therapies, inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO) and blinatumomab, against relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia were approved in Japan. In InO, the antitumor drug ozogamicin is conjugated to the anti-CD22 antibody. Blinatumomab is a bispecific T cell engager antibody comprising the variable regions of the anti-CD19 and the anti-CD3 antibodies. The remission rate of InO is about 75%; however, the frequency of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome is increased when allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is performed after InO treatment. Blinatumomab has a remission rate of 45-70%. The management of cytokine release syndrome during blinatumomab treatment is required in certain cases. Although both the treatments have higher remission and negativity of minimal residual disease rates compared to those in conventional chemotherapy, it is difficult to maintain remission in the long term. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be performed as commonly as possible.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Inotuzumab Ozogamicina , Japão , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Indução de Remissão
8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2619-2628, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960314

RESUMO

In the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is recommended as a standard approach for Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) achieving complete remission (CR). However, the role of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in adult patients achieving complete molecular remission (CMR) is an alternative, less toxic treatment options, especially for the patients who lack suitable donors and are unfit for allo-HSCT. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT for the treatment of adult patients with Ph+ ALL. We searched the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library for studies published before June 2019 without language restriction. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) and odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs for relapse rate (RR) and treatment-related mortality (TRM). Four prospective studies and one retrospective study were included with a total of 810 patients. We found auto-HSCT was superior to allo-HSCT in OS (HR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.06-1.91, P = 0.02), and there was no difference between allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT for RFS (HR = 1.10, 95% CI: 0.86-1.40, P = 0.44) and RR (OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.22-1.26, P = 0.15). The risk of TRM for patients undergoing allo-HSCT was significantly higher than that of the patients who received auto-HSCT (OR = 5.06, 95% CI: 1.03-24.75, P = 0.05). Our meta-analysis shows that auto-HSCT may be an attractive and alternative treatment option for adult Ph+ ALL patients achieving CMR, with similar or better outcomes than allo-HSCT in the era of TKIs.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(10): e715-e723, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interferon lambda 4 gene (IFNL4) regulates immune responses by controlling the production of IFNλ4, a type III interferon. We hypothesised that IFNλ4 could play a role in infection clearance or alloreactivity in patients with acute leukaemia who received a myeloablative 10/10 HLA-matched haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Therefore, we aimed to assess the association between recipient and donor IFNL4 genotype with post-HSCT survival outcomes in patients with acute leukaemia. METHODS: We did a two-stage retrospective cohort study using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) repository and database, in which nearly all patients underwent the procedure in the USA. We included patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or acute lymphocytic leukaemia, who received a HSCT at any age from an unrelated 10/10 HLA-matched donor, with a myeloablative conditioning regimen, between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2008, and had a pre-HSCT recipient or donor blood sample available. The discovery dataset included patients from an existing National Cancer Institute (NCI) cohort of the CIBMTR database, in which donor and recipient IFNL4 polymorphisms (rs368234815, rs12979860, and rs117648444) were genotyped with TaqMan assays. According to their genotype, donors and recipients were categorised into IFNL4-positive, if they had at least one copy of the allele that supports the production of IFNλ4, or IFNL4-null for the analyses. The findings were independently validated with patients from the DISCOVeRY-BMT cohort (validation dataset) with existing Illumina array genotype data. We also did a combined analysis using data from patients included in both the NCI and DISCOVeRY-BMT cohorts. FINDINGS: We assessed 404 patients (who had a HSCT from Jan 9, 2004, to Dec 26, 2008) in the discovery dataset and 1245 patients in the validation dataset (HSCT Jan 7, 2000, to Dec 26, 2008). The combined analysis included 1593 overlapping participants in both cohorts. Donor, but not recipient IFNL4-positive genotype was associated with increased risk of non-relapse mortality (HR 1·60, 95% CI 1·23-2·10; p=0·0005 in the discovery dataset; 1·22, 1·05-1·40; p=0·0072 in the validation dataset; and 1·27, 1·12-1·45; p=0·0001 in the combined dataset). Associations with post-HSCT overall survival were as follows: HR 1·24, 95% CI 1·02-1·51; p=0·034 in the discovery dataset; 1·10, 0·98-1·20; p=0·10 in the validation dataset; and 1·11, 1·02-1·22; p=0·018 in the combined dataset. INTERPRETATION: Prioritising HSCT donors with the IFNL4-null genotype might decrease non-relapse mortality and improve overall survival without substantially limiting the donor pool. If these findings are validated, IFNL4 genotype could be added to the donor selection algorithm. FUNDING: The National Cancer Institute Intramural Research Program. For full funding list see Acknowledgments.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Interleucinas/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Genótipo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2611-2617, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980888

RESUMO

EP300-ZNF384 fusion is a rare recurrent cytogenetic abnormality associated with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), which was rarely studied in Chinese patient cohort. Here, we used a customized RNA fusion gene panel to investigate gene fusions in 56 selected acute leukemia patients without conventional genetic abnormalities. Two EP300-ZNF384 fusion forms were detected in ten cases, which were in-frame fusions of EP300 exon 6 fused with exon 3 or 2 of ZNF384. The fusions led to the lack of most functional domains of EP300. We firstly reported EP300-ZNF384 fusion in a mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) patient whose CD33 and CD13 were negative. The rest nine B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion expressed CD33 and/or CD13. Fifty-six percent of B-ALL patients (5/9) with EP300-ZNF384 fusion were positive with CD10. After the diagnosis of EP300-ZNF384 fusion, 70% of the patients achieved remission after chemotherapy. Our observations indicated that EP300-ZNF384 fusion consists of a distinct subgroup of B-ALL with a characteristic immunophenotype. These patients are sensitive to current chemotherapy regimen and have an excellent outcome.


Assuntos
Proteína p300 Associada a E1A , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , RNA Neoplásico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transativadores , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/genética , Proteína p300 Associada a E1A/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/genética , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo
11.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2629-2637, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980890

RESUMO

Treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) requires the combination of multiple drugs to integrate a complete remission. The different prognostic factors (age, leukocytes, risk, cytogenetic alterations) allow identifying those patients with a high risk of relapse, but there are few described factors that impact the induction response. The objective was to identify the utility of different risk factors (overexpression of the ABCB1 drug resistance gene, favorable response to steroids (FRS) and early response at day + 8 of treatment) on the percentage of complete remissions and overall survival. This is a prospective, observational study in adult patients with B-ALL without specific cytogenetic alterations, who started induction treatment based on a pretreatment with prednisone and subsequently vincristine (1.6 mg/m2 subcutaneous) plus daunorubicin (45 mg/m2 subcutaneously) on days + 1, + 8, + 15. The ABCB1 resistance gene was evaluated at diagnosis, the FRS at the end of the pretreatment and the early response during day + 8. A total of 53 adult patients diagnosed with ALL Philadelphia negative chromosome (Ph-), with immunophenotype B, with a normal karyotype, were studied. Cases with genetic abnormalities with a poor prognosis were excluded in order to reduce bias. The mean age was 48 years (range 17-68 years). 62.3% of patients were at high risk of relapse. When analyzing the risk factors, 30.2% showed high levels of the ABCB1 resistance gene, without showing an impact on the induction response (OR: 1.218, p = 0.743), but its overexpression was associated with a poor response to steroids as in the absence of early response. Individually, both the FRS (OR: 5.7, p = 0.004) and the absence of early response to day + 8 (OR: 6.42, p = 0.002) showed significance. By combining the different factors, having more than 2 was directly related to a failure (OR: 9.514, p = 0.000). The identification of factors such as FRS such as the persistence of blasts at the end of the first week of treatment is useful to identify patients at risk of failure in induction.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/biossíntese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Daunorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1075-1080, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term efficacy of CCLG-ALL2008 protocol used for treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: Nine hundred and forty children with newly diagnosed ALL from January 2008 to April 2015 were treated with CCLG-ALL2008 protocol. Overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards model was used for analyses of prognostic factors. RESULTS: Among the 940 newly diagnosed ALL patients, 570 patients were male, and 370 patients were female, the median age of onset was 5 years old (from 1 to 15 years old). The complete reaction rate (CR) was 96.7%. Survival analysis of 916 ALL patients with CR estimated by follow up [ (median follow up period 64 months (from 3 to 123 months) ] showed that, the expected 10 year OS rate was (78.6±1.5)% and the EFS rate was (66.0±1.8)%. The long-term OS rate of standard risk, intermediate risk and high risk patients was (93.0±1.5)%, (77.6±2.7)%, and (59.3±3.7)%, respectively, and the long-term EFS rate in standard risk, intermediate risk and high risk patients was (84.2±2.2)%. (67.8±2.9)%, and (42.1±3.9)% respectively. 10 year OS rate in B-ALL patients (79.8±1.6)% was significantly higher than that in T-ALL patients (53.5±6.3)% (P<0.01). Among of all the patients, patients 201 (21.9%) relapsed, the median relapse time was 19 months (from 2 months to 81 months). The 10 year EFS rate was (81.7±3.7)% in the patients with MRD rate <0.01% after induction therapy, which was significantly higher than that in the patients with MRD rate>0.01% (48.4±9.8)%. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic efficacy of the CCLG-ALL2008 protocol is closed to the level of supior study group in the world. Risk stratification can improve the outcome for childhood ALL. Immunophenotyping shows the outcome of B-ALL is better than that of T-ALL. MRD negative patients after induction therapy shows better prognosis compared with that of MRD positive patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237530, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may present with arthritis implying the risk of being misdiagnosed as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The aim of this study was to identify predictors for ALL based on clinical and laboratory information. METHODS: This cross-sectional, retrospective study compared clinical presentation and laboratory results of 26 children with ALL and arthritis versus 485 children with JIA (433 non-systemic, 52 systemic JIA). Using a Bayesian score approach the findings were evaluated by calculating odds ratios (OR) and lnOR as a measure of diagnostic weight. RESULTS: Distinction on clinical grounds was difficult, as even a high number of joints involved did not exclude ALL. One or more hematologic cell counts were low (Hb <10 g/dL, platelet count <100 x 109/L, neutrophil count < 1.0 x 109/L) in 92% with ALL, 25% with systemic JIA and 10% with non-systemic JIA. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia had the highest ORs of 128 (95% CI 43-387) and 129 (95% CI 26-638), each giving a diagnostic weight of 4. The estimated risks of ALL were 0.2% with normal cell counts and 9%, 67% and 100% when one, two or three cell lines were affected. CONCLUSION: A simple count of cell lines with low counts can serve as a basic diagnostic strategy. Children with tri- or bilinear involvement should be referred to a bone marrow, and those with unilinear involvement a thorough screen for further evidence of ALL (organomegaly, ESR, LDH, uric acid, and blood smear).


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(7): 564-569, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810963

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical results and prognostic factors for allo-HSCT of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in complete remission (CR) in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) . Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics of 116 patients with Ph(+)ALL who underwent allo-HSCT while in CR. Results: The study population included 72 men and 44 women. The median patient age was 20 years (4-64 years) . The patients received sibling-identical donor (n=21) , haplo (n=77) , and unrelated donor (n=18) HSCT. The overall survival (OS) rate at 5 years was 73.2% (95% CI 63.8% -80.5% ) . In particular, the 5-year OS can reach 87.5% when the time from diagnosis to transplant is <180 days. The 5-years DFS was 61.4% (95% CI 51.8% -69.7% ) , the 5-year molecular and morphology cumulative relapse incidence was 18.5% (95% CI 12.6% -27.3% ) , and the 5-year TRM was 19.9% (95% CI 13.8% -28.7% ) . A multivariate analysis showed that an age range of 15-39 years (HR=2.730, P=0.044) , time from diagnosis to HSCT ≥ 180 days (HR=4.534, P=0.010) , and Ⅲ-Ⅳgrade aGVHD (HR=7.558, P=0.000) were significantly associated with an inferior overall survival. Limited cGVHD subgroup had better OS (HR=0.300, P=0.034) . Sex, WBC count at diagnosis, type of BCR-ABL fusion genes, somatic gene mutations, CR(1) or >CR(1), MRD negative or positive, conditioning regimen based on TBI or Bu, conditioning intensity, donor source, GVHD prophylactic proposal using cyclosporine or tacrolimus, presence/absence of CMV viremia, and presence/absence of EBV viremia were not significantly different in terms of the OS and DFS. Conclusion: Factors influencing the overall survival of Ph(+) ALL patients who underwent allo-HSCT in CR in the TKI era include age, time form diagnosis to HSCT, and aGVHD severity.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2393-2404, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803312

RESUMO

The prognostic impacts of BCR-ABL1 fusion gene mutations in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph + ALL) remain unknown. Using data from a nationwide Japanese registry, we have evaluated the prognostic impact of BCR-ABL1 mutations prior to the first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). The cohort included 289 patients with a median of 48 years of age (range: 16-70). Point mutations were detected in 110 patients. Of these, 90 (82%) harbored T315I mutations, while 20 had other mutations. With a median follow-up period of 29 months (range: 1-125), outcomes after 2 years were worse with mutations than without (overall survival [OS]: 34% vs 68%, p < 0.001; relapse rate [RR]: 48% vs 18%, p < 0.001), particularly with the presence of the T315I mutation (OS: 29% vs 68%, p < 0.001; RR: 54% vs 18%, p < 0.001). OS was significantly worse in the T315I group even among the cohort with hematological (p < 0.001) or molecular complete remission (p = 0.025) as compared to the no mutation group. Multivariate analysis determined the prognostic impact of the T315I mutation (OS: hazard ratio [HR] = 2.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.5-3.3, p < 0.001; RR: HR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.5-4.2, p < 0.001). This study is the first to report on the prognostic significance of BCR-ABL1 mutations in Ph + ALL.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Mutação Puntual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2429-2436, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839869

RESUMO

Patients receiving vinca alkaloids for hematological malignancies frequently experience constipation that is unresponsive to laxatives. Research on treatment of vinca alkaloid-induced constipation is limited. This study aimed to determine whether the chloride channel activator lubiprostone ameliorates vinca alkaloid-induced constipation in patients with hematological malignancies. In this retrospective cohort study, vinca alkaloid-induced constipation (grade ≥ 3 using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events) was investigated in patients treated for hematological malignancies between July 2014 and June 2019 who had already been prescribed osmotic laxatives and additionally received either a stimulant laxative or lubiprostone. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors for persistent constipation after introduction of the second laxative. A propensity score model was used to match 67 patients taking a stimulant laxative and 67 treated with lubiprostone, and the occurrence of intractable constipation was compared between groups. Overall, 203 patients were included, among whom 50 (25%) had constipation. On multivariate analysis, body mass index, opioid use, and addition of lubiprostone were independently associated with constipation. Patients treated with lubiprostone were significantly less likely to experience intractable constipation than did those treated with stimulant laxatives (10% vs. 34%, P = 0.002). Moreover, post-constipation diarrhea was significantly less frequent among patients treated with lubiprostone (42% vs. 63%, P = 0.024). Lubiprostone was more effective than stimulant laxatives at treating vinca alkaloid-induced intractable constipation in patients with hematological malignancies, and its use could enable safe vinca alkaloid chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Agonistas dos Canais de Cloreto/uso terapêutico , Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Lubiprostona/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Alcaloides de Vinca/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Constipação Intestinal/induzido quimicamente , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Famotidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Laxantes/farmacologia , Laxantes/uso terapêutico , Óxido de Magnésio/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Pontuação de Propensão , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Senosídeos/uso terapêutico , Alcaloides de Vinca/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
19.
J Infect Public Health ; 13(9): 1274-1289, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758393

RESUMO

Cancer is a fatal illness often caused by genetic disorder aggregation and a variety of pathological changes. Cancerous cells are abnormal areas often growing in any part of human body that are life-threatening. Cancer also known as tumor must be quickly and correctly detected in the initial stage to identify what might be beneficial for its cure. Even though modality has different considerations, such as complicated history, improper diagnostics and treatement that are main causes of deaths. The aim of the research is to analyze, review, categorize and address the current developments of human body cancer detection using machine learning techniques for breast, brain, lung, liver, skin cancer leukemia. The study highlights how cancer diagnosis, cure process is assisted using machine learning with supervised, unsupervised and deep learning techniques. Several state of art techniques are categorized under the same cluster and results are compared on benchmark datasets from accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, false-positive metrics. Finally, challenges are also highlighted for possible future work.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(8): 828-833, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the occurrence of serious adverse events (SAEs) related to chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the risk factors for death after the SAEs. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 734 children with ALL. They were treated with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen from January 2015 to June 2019. The occurrence of SAEs during the treatment was investigated. The children with SAEs were divided into a death group with 25 children and a survival group with 31 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for death after the SAEs. RESULTS: Among the 734 children with ALL, 56 (7.6%) experienced SAEs (66 cases) after chemotherapy, among which 41 cases occurred in the stage of remission induction therapy. Of all 66 cases of SAEs, 46 (70%) were infection-related SAEs, including 25 cases of septic shock (38%), 20 cases of severe pneumonia (30%), and 1 case of severe chickenpox (2%), and 87% of the children with infection-related SAEs had neutrophil deficiency. The most common infection sites were blood and the lungs. The most common pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, fungi, and Gram-positive bacteria. There were 16 cases (24%) of hemorrhage-related SAEs, with 11 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding (17%), 4 cases of pulmonary bleeding (6%), and 1 case of intracranial bleeding (2%). Of all 734 children with ALL, 66 (9.0%) died, among whom 25 died due to SAEs. The treatment-related mortality rate was 3.4%, and infection (72%) and bleeding (24%) were the main causes of death. Severe pneumonia was an independent risk factor for treatment-related death in ALL children (OR=4.087, 95%CI: 1.161-14.384, P=0.028). CONCLUSIONS: SAEs often occur in the stage of remission induction therapy, and infection-related SAEs are more common in ALL children accepting chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen. The development of severe pneumonia suggests an increased risk for death in these children.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Humanos , Neutrófilos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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