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1.
Recent Results Cancer Res ; 214: 71-91, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473849

RESUMO

Bispecific T cell engagers are antibody constructs directed to a tumor-specific target on the one hand and to CD3-positive T cells on the other hand. Blinatumomab is a compound with specificity for the pan-B cell marker CD19. Clinical activity was tested in relapsed and refractory (R/R) non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), R/R acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and ALL patients with minimal residual disease. Trials have already been started in de novo ALL. The most clinically relevant toxicities are neurologic events and cytokine release syndrome as with other T cell-activating therapies. The mechanisms of resistance are not fully understood. Higher leukemia load and later stage disease represent unfavorable factors. Besides, an upregulation of regulatory T cells and inhibitory molecules like PD-1/PD-L1 may have a role as the loss of target by several mechanisms. The future will show whether the use of bispecifics in ALL can change the standard treatment algorithms and whether bispecific T cell engagers will also be successfully used in other malignant entities.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos/farmacologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Linfócitos T/citologia , Antígenos CD19 , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual/terapia
2.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(9): 1317-1323, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597858

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants under 1 is a rare and dismal disease. It is associated with a unique and specific biology, and 80% of cases harbor a KMT2A (MLL) gene rearrangement (KMT2A-r). In contrast to ALL in older children, with a survival rate of 80% or more, the prognosis of infant ALL is very poor, at 40%. In addition, the unique pharmacodynamics exhibited by infants has historically led to independent therapeutic development either in the U.S., Europe, or Japan. To improve the prognosis of infant ALL, it is necessary to uncover a supplementary novel effective agent to be used in combination with the existing conventional multi-agent chemotherapy. Because of the rarity of the disease, this could be only established by an international study, for which the consensus has already been established through discussions between the U.S., Europe, and Japan. Additionally, severe late effects in survivors are also problematic. Establishing novel treatment strategies to reduce relapse rates, treatment-related toxicities, and critical late effects is strongly encouraged in near future.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Europa (Continente) , Rearranjo Gênico , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Japão , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos
3.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 485-491, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484610

RESUMO

To analyze the treatment and prognosis of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia(T-ALL)in adults. Method The clinicobiogical and survival data of 68 adult patients with newly diagnosis T-ALL were retrospectively analzyed. Results The median age of these 68 patients was 23 years(14-60 years).T-ALL was more common in men(81%).After the first cycle of treatment,complete remission was achieved in 50 patients(73%).The highest complete remission(CR) rate was in patients with cortex T-ALL(100%),followed by other T-ALL(73%)and early T-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia(54%),(χ 2=5.712,P=0.058).The CR rate for adults aged >35 years was significantly lower than that of patients aged ≤ 35 years(40% vs. 79%,χ 2=6.364,P=0.012).The overall CR rate after the second treatment course was 93%.For patients treated with chemotherapy,autograft hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(auto-SCT),and allogeneic SCT,the median relapse free survival was 10 months,24 months,and not reached,respectively(P=0.002).The 5-year overall survival rate was 25% for all patients;for patients treated with chemotherapy,auto-SCT and allogeneic SCT,the median overall survival was 24 months,34 months,and 30 months,respectively(P=0.007),and the 5-year overall survival rate was 9%,33%,and 38%(P=0.037).Multivariate analysis showed leukocyte count ≥100×10 9/L was a risk factor for decreased relapse free survival(risk ratio 2.540,95%CI=1.058-6.099,P=0.037). Conclusion Adult T-ALL patients have poor prognosis,which may be improved by SCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5203-5207, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A retrospective analysis was performed to investigate the survival outcomes in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) based on time period. We hypothesized that improvement has been obtained with the time-dependent therapeutic era and rise in the gross domestic product (GDP) and Human Development Index (HDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 710 children who were treated for ALL between 1958 and 2018 at a single pediatric center were analyzed for probability of 5-year overall survival (pOS), event-free survival (pEFS) and relapse risk (pRR). Time periods were defined by the treatment protocols used in seven consecutive therapeutic eras. RESULTS: Over the 60-year period analyzed, pOS increased from 1.2% to 90.7%, pEFS from 1.2% to 86.6%, and pRR decreased from 98.8% to 9.9% for patients treated in the past decade. Risk of mortality for patients who received chemotherapy and hematopoietic cell transplant was reduced to 9.9% in the recent era, however, no statistically significant survival difference was found between patients treated with stem cell transplant and those not. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic era, related to improved GDP and HDI, was a statistically significant predictor of increased OS from ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Internist (Berl) ; 60(10): 1032-1035, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486861

RESUMO

Antibodies play an important role in the therapy of patients with hematological tumors and have become an established part of this therapy. By using the example of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), different antibodies with different mechanisms of action are described. The focus of this review is on the description of a bispecific antibody molecule and an immunoconjugate in the relapse of ALL. Although the antibodies have improved the treatment of patients with ALL, it still holds true that the therapy of patients can only be successfully carried out with a strategy that integrates different, mutually complementary schemes. The improvement of therapy can only be achieved through clinical studies with clearly defined protocols.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Leucemia/terapia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Hematologia/tendências , Humanos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico
6.
Ann Hematol ; 98(10): 2389-2398, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392462

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is considered an effective way to prevent relapse in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This study aimed to assess general trends in the use of various types of HSCTs performed between 2001 and 2015 in Europe, based on data reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. We also evaluated HSCT rates with respect to ALL incidence in selected countries. Altogether, 15,346 first allogeneic (n = 13,460) or autologous (n = 1886) HSCTs were performed in the study period. Comparing 2013-2015 and 2001-2003, the number of allogeneic HSCTs performed in first complete remission increased by 136%, most prominently for transplantations from unrelated (272%) and mismatched related donors (339%). The number of HSCTs from matched sibling donors increased by 42%, while the total number of autologous HSCTs decreased by 70%. Increased use of allogeneic HSCT was stronger for Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive (166%) than for Ph-negative ALL (38%) and for patients aged > 55 years (599%) than for younger adults (59%). The proportion of allogeneic HSCT with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) increased from 6 to 27%. The age-standardized rates of allogeneic HSCT per ALL incidence varied strongly among countries. Our analysis showed a continued trend toward increased allogeneic HSCT use for adults with ALL, which may be attributed to increasing availability of unrelated donors, wider use of RIC regimens, and improving efficacy of pretransplant therapy, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors for Ph-positive ALL. Allogeneic HSCT remains a major tool in the fight against ALL in adults.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/tendências , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Sociedades Médicas
7.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 668-672, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461818

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of modified cell infusion method in reducing the incidence of febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reaction (FNHTR). Methods: A total of 69 patients were enrolled in the clinical trial of CD(19) chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell treatment from February 2017 to October 2018. Study group received the modified cell infusion method, that 1×10(6) CAR-T cells were re-suspended in 2 mg human serum albumin with total volume of 20 ml and injected intravenously. The control group was intravenously administrated with CAR-T cell in 100 ml normal saline. The incidence of FNHTR, cytokine releasing syndrome (CRS) grade, cytokine level and efficacy were compared. Results: (1)The incidence of FNHTR in the study group was 21.1%, significantly lower than that in the control group (71%)(P=0.000). (2)There was no statistical difference in cell proliferation between the study group and the control group on day 4, 7, 14 and 21 after CAR-T cell infusion (P=10.223, 3.254, 5.551, 7.605). (3)There was no statistical difference in CRS grading between the study group and the control group (P=0.767). There was no statistical difference in the levels of interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α between the two groups. (4)The C-reaction protein (CRP) level of the study group was lower than that of the control group on day 4 and 7 (P=0.026, 0.007). (5)There was no statistical difference of response rates in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients between the two groups (P(ALL)=0.842; P(NHL)=0.866). Conclusion: The modified cell infusion method in CD(19) CAR-T cell treatment reduces the incidence of treatment-related FNHTR. It does not affect the proliferation of CAR-T cells in vivo, the grading of CRS and the response rates.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Linfócitos T , Reação Transfusional/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res ; 19(5): 529-536, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422712

RESUMO

Introduction: The new category of chimeric antigen receptor T - cell raised hopes for a more effective treatment of large B cell lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Nevertheless, their soaring acquisition costs will stretch the fiscal capacity of the health systems worldwide. To this direction, the scope of this study is to provide a systematic review of their economic evaluations. Areas covered: A systematic review of the economic evaluations of tisagenlecleucel and axicabtagene was performed. Expert opinion: The available data indicate that these products demonstrate a potentially favorable cost-effectiveness ratio. Nevertheless, their budget impact is of overriding importance and it should be incorporated in any economic evaluation. Moreover, more affirmative clinical data are imperative in order to mitigate uncertainty.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD19/administração & dosagem , Antígenos CD19/economia , Quimera , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/economia , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/economia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/economia
9.
Cancer Sci ; 110(10): 3255-3266, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402561

RESUMO

Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) administration after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may carry a survival benefit in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL). Therefore, we investigated whether TKI prophylaxis for negative-minimal residual disease (MRD) after HSCT would improve patient outcomes in this nationwide retrospective cohort study. We included patients with Ph+ ALL who underwent their first allogeneic HSCT between 2001 and 2016, received TKI before HSCT, and achieved negative-MRD status within 180 days after HSCT. Of 850 patients for inclusion, 50 patients received TKI prophylaxis, mostly imatinib or dasatinib (median dose: 400 mg with imatinib and 40 mg with dasatinib). In a multivariate analysis, disease status at HSCT was the sole risk factor for relapse (hazard ratio, 3.58; P < .001 for positive-MRD with complete remission [CR] and hazard ratio, 6.13; P < .001 for active disease). TKI prophylaxis was not associated with a decreased risk of relapse or superior overall survival in either the whole cohort or in the analysis limited to negative-MRD or positive-MRD with CR1 at HSCT. Meanwhile, TKI prophylaxis limited to dasatinib might be associated with a decreased risk of relapse (hazard ratio, 0.34; P = .140), unlike imatinib. Alternative strategies using new-generation TKI for high-risk patients are warranted to improve the outcomes after allogeneic HSCT.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(7): 1203-1209, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296832

RESUMO

A 59-year-old female was diagnosed as pulmonary aspergillosis(IPA)while remission induction therapy for Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Liposomal amphotericin B improved the fungal serodiagnostic markers, however,the IPA worsened. She also developed an Aspergillus brain abscess,which, while being undetectable on CT,was detected as multiple nodular lesions by MRI. A definitive diagnosis was made by polymerase chain reaction(PCR)of brain biopsy specimens. Voriconazole(VRCZ)was effective,and cord blood transplantation was performed. She has received VRCZ for a long time. There are no relapse of either the IPA or the Aspergillus brain abscess.


Assuntos
Abscesso Encefálico , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Antifúngicos , Feminino , Humanos , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Voriconazol
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16498, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335716

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Relapse is the main cause of death after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Unfortunately, there are no efficient methods to prevent relapse after allo-HSCT. Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells have achieved favorable outcomes in the treatment of refractory/relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) because of their strong anti-leukemia activity. However, it is unclear whether the CAR-T cells constructed using viral systems can be used as preventive infusions to prevent relapse after haploidentical HSCT. PATIENT CONCERNS: Two patients with ALL with high risk received haploidentical HSCT. DIAGNOSES: Two patients were diagnosed with ALL with high risk. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received preventive infusion of donor-derived CAR-T cells constructed using viral systems on day 60 after haploidentical HSCT. OUTCOMES: The CAR-T cells were continually detected, and no graft versus host disease developed. The two patients survived with disease-free for 1 year and 6 months, respectively. LESSONS: Preventive infusion of donor-derived CAR-T cells after haploidentical HSCT may be safe and that immunosuppressors may not affect the proliferation of CAR-T cells.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Transplante Haploidêntico , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Doadores de Tecidos
14.
Oncology ; 97(2): 59-74, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261152

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) modified T-cell therapy, a unique platform technology highlighting precision medicine through utilization of molecular biology and cell-based therapeutics has shown unprecedented rates in patients with hematological malignancies such as acute lymphocyte leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM). With the approval of CD19-targeted CAR T-cells by the Food and Drug Administration in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and NHL, this technology is positioned for aggressive expansion to combination therapeutic opportunities and proof of principle towards utility in other malignant disorders. However, despite the impressive results seen with hematological malignancies, CAR T-cells have shown limited efficacy in solid tumors with several unsuccessful preclinical studies. Regardless, these attempts have provided us with a better understanding of the imminent challenges specific to solid tumors even if they have not so far led to expanded clinical treatment opportunities outside ALL/NHL/MM. This review summarizes our current understanding of CAR T-cell mechanism of action, while presenting the major limitations of CAR T-cell derived treatments in solid tumors. We further discuss recent findings and present new potential strategies to overcome the challenges facing solid tumor targeting by CAR T-cell platforms.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Humanos , Estudo de Prova de Conceito
15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(3): 637-640, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical features and therapeutic efficacy in adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1). METHODS: The clinic data of 19 adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) in our hospital from Nov. 22, 2010 to Apr. 4, 2018 were collected. The clinical features,complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of patients received chemotherapy and chemotherapy+HSCT were analyzed. RESULTS: In all the 19 patients, the median age was 24 (14-66), median WBC count was 16.47×109 (1.8-170.34)/L, median Hb level was 98 (65-176) g/L, median Plt count was 50 (15-254)×109/L. Pre B-ALL were 17 cases (89.5%), and common B-ALL were 2 cases (10.5%). Patients received the induction therapy, the overall CR rate was 94.7%, one course CR rate was 94.7%, 4 year OS rate was 47.1% and RFS rate was 43.3%. The OS rate and RFS rate of patients received transplantation were slightly higher than those of patients not received transplantation (OS: 62.5% vs 36.7%) (P=0.188);RFS (62.5% vs 38.9%) (P=0.166). CONCLUSION: Most adult ALL patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is Pre B-ALL by Immunophenotyping, as compared with the pediatric patients, the therapeutic efficacy for adult patients with t (1; 19) (E2A-PBX1) is worsen, therefore, stem cell transplantation is still acquired for better long term survival.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adulto , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 19 , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão
17.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 17(2): 190-200, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201998

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has exhibited dramatic anti-tumor efficacy in clinical trials. In this study, we reported the transcriptome profiles of bone marrow cells in four B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients before and after CD19-specific CAR-T therapy. CD19-CAR-T therapy remarkably reduced the number of leukemia cells, and three patients achieved bone marrow remission (minimal residual disease negative). The efficacy of CD19-CAR-T therapy on B-ALL was positively correlated with the abundance of CAR and immune cell subpopulations, e.g., CD8+ T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, in the bone marrow. Additionally, CD19-CAR-T therapy mainly influenced the expression of genes linked to cell cycle and immune response pathways, including the NK cell mediated cytotoxicity and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways. The regulatory network analyses revealed that microRNAs (e.g., miR-148a-3p and miR-375), acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, could regulate the crosstalk between the genes encoding transcription factors (TFs; e.g., JUN and FOS) and histones (e.g., HIST1H4A and HIST2H4A) involved in CD19-CAR-T therapy. Furthermore, many long non-coding RNAs showed a high degree of co-expression with TFs or histones (e.g., FOS and HIST1H4B) and were associated with immune processes. These transcriptome analyses provided important clues for further understanding the gene expression and related mechanisms underlying the efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
18.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab ; 32(5): 537-541, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075084

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been newly identified as an etiology underlying acquired lipodystrophy (ALD). We report about two children with leukemia who underwent HSCT and later manifested aberrant fat distributions consistent with acquired partial lipodystrophy (APL). Both patients manifested graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), suggesting that GVHD may trigger lipodystrophy. The patients exhibited diabetic blood glucose patterns in the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with high homeostasis model assessment ratios (HOMA-Rs), hypertriglyceridemia, fatty liver, and decreased serum leptin and adiponectin levels. Both patients were diagnosed with APL with metabolic disease. A review of the data of patients with ALD after HSCT revealed common clinical features, including aberrant fat distribution, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or diabetes and dyslipidemia. Based on previous reports and our two cases, we speculate that GVHD in the adipose tissue supports the development of ALD after HSCT. In conclusion, children may develop APL after HSCT. Therefore, evaluations of fat distribution and metabolic disease may be important during the long-term follow-up of these patients.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Intolerância à Glucose/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hipertrigliceridemia/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Lipodistrofia/etiologia , Doenças Metabólicas/etiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Criança , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Intolerância à Glucose/patologia , Humanos , Hipertrigliceridemia/patologia , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Lipodistrofia/patologia , Doenças Metabólicas/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Prognóstico
19.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 30(4): 149-155, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thromboembolism is one of the most common complications during induction therapy of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Procoagulant microparticles in the circulation may cause thromboembolic events. The aim of our study was to determine the levels of apoptotic, platelet-derived, endothelial-derived, and tissue factor-positive microparticles of children with ALL at diagnosis and during induction therapy. METHODS: Sixteen precursor B-cell ALL cases and 30 healthy children between 1 and 18 years of age were included. Microparticle levels were analyzed from peripheral blood samples at initial diagnosis, on days 12 and 13 (before and after the first L-asparaginase administration), and on day 33 of ALL-BFM 2000 treatment protocol. Microparticle levels were analyzed by using flow cytometry. RESULTS: At initial diagnosis, platelet, endothelial-derived, and tissue factor-positive microparticle levels were significantly high in children with ALL. They increased significantly after prednisone and L-asparaginase administration. Apoptotic microparticle levels were not elevated at diagnosis, but remained high during all induction therapy period. None of the patients had evidence of thromboembolism during induction therapy. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that children with ALL have increased levels of apoptotic, platelet-derived, endothelial-derived, and tissue factor-positive microprticles during induction therapy. Further studies are needed in larger groups of patients in order to evaluate the risk of elevated microprticles for development of thromboembolism during induction therapy period in children with ALL.


Assuntos
Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/química , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Adolescente , Apoptose , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Plaquetas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Células Endoteliais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Tromboplastina
20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(4): 1899-1906, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A retrospective analysis was performed to investigate the survival outcomes in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) based on treatment received. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 17,504 men and women (≥18 years of age) registered in the National Cancer Database who were diagnosed with ALL between 2004 and 2013 and had follow-up to the end of 2014, were analyzed. The primary predictor variable was treatment received, and overall survival was the outcome variable. Additional variables addressed and adjusted included gender, age, race, Charleston Comorbidity Index, level of education, income, insurance, distance traveled, facility type and diagnosing/treating facility. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 48.8 years with a standard deviation of 19.3 years. In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for secondary predictor variables, treatment modality was a statistically significant predictor of overall survival from ALL. Relative to patients who were treated with chemotherapy only, the patients who got chemotherapy and stem cell transplant had a decreased risk of mortality by 39%. Of the 5,409 patients between the ages of 18 and 39 years i.e. adolescent and young adults (AYA), no statistically significant survival difference was found between patients treated with stem cell transplant and those not. CONCLUSION: Stem cell transplant led to improved survival for all age groups except the AYA.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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