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1.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(10): e737-e745, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several small studies on patients with COVID-19 and haematological malignancies are available showing a high mortality in this population. The Italian Hematology Alliance on COVID-19 aimed to collect data from adult patients with haematological malignancies who required hospitalisation for COVID-19. METHODS: This multicentre, retrospective, cohort study included adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with diagnosis of a WHO-defined haematological malignancy admitted to 66 Italian hospitals between Feb 25 and May 18, 2020, with laboratory-confirmed and symptomatic COVID-19. Data cutoff for this analysis was June 22, 2020. The primary outcome was mortality and evaluation of potential predictive parameters of mortality. We calculated standardised mortality ratios between observed death in the study cohort and expected death by applying stratum-specific mortality rates of the Italian population with COVID-19 and an Italian cohort of 31 993 patients with haematological malignancies without COVID-19 (data up to March 1, 2019). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was used to identify factors associated with overall survival. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04352556, and the prospective part of the study is ongoing. FINDINGS: We enrolled 536 patients with a median follow-up of 20 days (IQR 10-34) at data cutoff, 85 (16%) of whom were managed as outpatients. 440 (98%) of 451 hospitalised patients completed their hospital course (were either discharged alive or died). 198 (37%) of 536 patients died. When compared with the general Italian population with COVID-19, the standardised mortality ratio was 2·04 (95% CI 1·77-2·34) in our whole study cohort and 3·72 (2·86-4·64) in individuals younger than 70 years. When compared with the non-COVID-19 cohort with haematological malignancies, the standardised mortality ratio was 41·3 (38·1-44·9). Older age (hazard ratio 1·03, 95% CI 1·01-1·05); progressive disease status (2·10, 1·41-3·12); diagnosis of acute myeloid leukaemia (3·49, 1·56-7·81), indolent non-Hodgin lymphoma (2·19, 1·07-4·48), aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (2·56, 1·34-4·89), or plasma cell neoplasms (2·48, 1·31-4·69), and severe or critical COVID-19 (4·08, 2·73-6·09) were associated with worse overall survival. INTERPRETATION: This study adds to the evidence that patients with haematological malignancies have worse outcomes than both the general population with COVID-19 and patients with haematological malignancies without COVID-19. The high mortality among patients with haematological malignancies hospitalised with COVID-19 highlights the need for aggressive infection prevention strategies, at least until effective vaccination or treatment strategies are available. FUNDING: Associazione italiana contro le leucemie, linfomi e mieloma-Varese Onlus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Itália/epidemiologia , Leucemia/epidemiologia , Leucemia/terapia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/terapia , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4227, 2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839441

RESUMO

In hematopoietic cell transplants, alloreactive T cells mediate the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. However, leukemia relapse accounts for nearly half of deaths. Understanding GVL failure requires a system in which GVL-inducing T cells can be tracked. We used such a model wherein GVL is exclusively mediated by T cells that recognize the minor histocompatibility antigen H60. Here we report that GVL fails due to insufficient H60 presentation and T cell exhaustion. Leukemia-derived H60 is inefficiently cross-presented whereas direct T cell recognition of leukemia cells intensifies exhaustion. The anti-H60 response is augmented by H60-vaccination, an agonist αCD40 antibody (FGK45), and leukemia apoptosis. T cell exhaustion is marked by inhibitory molecule upregulation and the development of TOX+ and CD39-TCF-1+ cells. PD-1 blockade diminishes exhaustion and improves GVL, while blockade of Tim-3, TIGIT or LAG3 is ineffective. Of all interventions, FGK45 administration at the time of transplant is the most effective at improving memory and naïve T cell anti-H60 responses and GVL. Our studies define important causes of GVL failure and suggest strategies to overcome them.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno/imunologia , Efeito Enxerto vs Leucemia/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C3H , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/metabolismo , Recidiva , Transplante Homólogo
5.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(8): e601-e612, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563283

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a global public health crisis. Multiple observations indicate poorer post-infection outcomes for patients with cancer than for the general population. Herein, we highlight the challenges in caring for patients with acute leukaemias and myeloid neoplasms amid the COVID-19 pandemic. We summarise key changes related to service allocation, clinical and supportive care, clinical trial participation, and ethical considerations regarding the use of lifesaving measures for these patients. We recognise that these recommendations might be more applicable to high-income countries and might not be generalisable because of regional differences in health-care infrastructure, individual circumstances, and a complex and highly fluid health-care environment. Despite these limitations, we aim to provide a general framework for the care of patients with acute leukaemias and myeloid neoplasms during the COVID-19 pandemic on the basis of recommendations from international experts.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Controle de Infecções/normas , Leucemia/terapia , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Leucemia/virologia , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/virologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Alocação de Recursos
6.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 152: 103007, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505824

RESUMO

Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy has revolutionized the field of hematologic malignancies and are potentially curative in patients with previously limited options. This review highlights key abstracts focusing on clinical studies in CAR-T therapy in leukemia and lymphoma presented at the 61 st annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (December 2019, Orlando, FL). Selected studies discuss data on novel CAR-T constructs aimed at enhancing efficacy and durability of responses, improving toxicity mitigation strategies, challenging clinical scenarios in routine clinical practice for standard of care CAR-T therapy (role of bridging therapy, CNS involvement, and quality of life studies), and new technologies aiming to decrease production time to minimize delay in definitive therapy, all within the rapidly-evolving cellular immunotherapy landscape.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Linfoma , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Leucemia/terapia , Linfoma/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Linfócitos T , Estados Unidos
7.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 1979-1988, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594216

RESUMO

The FLAMSA reduced intensity (RIC) concept, also known as "sequential therapy", is a conceptual platform for the treatment of leukemia separated in several parts: induction therapy, a sequence of antileukemic and immunosuppressive conditioning for allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and immune restitution supported by donor lymphocyte transfusions. The antileukemic part consists of fludarabine, cytosine arabinoside, and amsacrine (FLAMSA); non-cross reactive agents like fludarabine and amsacrine have been successfully used in cases of refractoriness and relapse. Immunosuppressive conditioning and transplantation follow after only 3 days of rest. This way, the toxicity of allogeneic transplantation could be reduced and the anti-leukemia effects by using allogeneic immune cells could be optimized. This review summarizes available data on efficacy and toxicity of this approach. Further, possible strategies for improvements are discussed in order to provide better chances for elderly and frail patients and patients with advanced and high-risk disease. Among others, several new agents are available that target molecular changes of leukemia for induction of remission and allow for bridging the time after transplantation until adoptive immunotherapy becomes safe and effective.


Assuntos
Amsacrina/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Leucemia/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/tendências , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Previsões , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/tendências , Leucemia/imunologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Transplante Homólogo/tendências , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem
8.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234778, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569289

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), limits the use of hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) to treat a variety of malignancies. Any new therapeutic approach must satisfy three requirements: 1) Prevent GVHD, 2) Maintain anti-pathogen immunity, and 3) Maintain anti-tumor immunity. In prior studies we have shown that the selective photosensitizer 2-Se-Cl eliminates highly alloreactive lymphocytes from the graft prior to HCT preventing GVHD and that antiviral immune responses were preserved following incubation with 2-Se-Cl. In this report, we investigated whether 2-Se-Cl treatment preserves antitumor immunity, and then used high dimensional flow cytometry to identify the determinants of successful immune reconstitution. Donor C57BL/6 splenocytes were cocultured for 4 days with irradiated BALB/c splenocytes and then exposed to 2-Se-Cl. Photodepletion (PD)-treated splenocytes were then infused into lethally irradiated BALB/c mice inoculated with A20 leukemia/lymphoma cells. Recipient mice that received PD-treated splenocytes survived > 100 days without evidence of GVHD or leukemia. In contrast, mice that did not receive PD-treated cells at time of HCT died of leukemia progression. Multiparameter flow cytometry of cytokines and surface markers on peripheral blood samples 15 days after HCT demonstrated unique patterns of immune reconstitution. We found that before clinical disease onset GVHD was marked by functionally exhausted T cells, while tumor clearance and long-term survival were associated with an expansion of polyfunctional T cells, monocytes, and DCs early after transplantation. Taken together these results demonstrate that 2-Se-Cl photodepletion is a new treatment that can facilitate HCT by preventing GVHD while preserving antiviral and anti-tumor immunity.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Selênio/farmacologia , Animais , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/terapia , Camundongos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos da radiação , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/imunologia
9.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 39(7): e142-e145, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404780

RESUMO

We report the first case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) comorbid with leukemia in a patient hospitalized in Beijing, China. The patient showed a prolonged manifestation of symptoms and a protracted diagnosis period of COVID-19. It is necessary to extend isolation time, increase the number of nucleic acid detections and conduct early symptomatic treatment for children with both COVID-19 and additional health problems.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Leucemia/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pequim/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
10.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1561-1564, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451710

RESUMO

NUT midline carcinoma (NMC) is an aggressive neoplasm and mainly involved in the head and neck area. The defining genetic hallmark on these tumors is that testis-specific nuclear gene (NUTM1) fuses to bromodomain protein family member 4 gene (BRD4), resulting in the formation of BRD4-NUTM1 transcript. Here, we report a case with myeloid neoplasm complicating with eosinophilia (MLN-Eo) and rearrangement of PDGFRA, which co-exists with a new nucleosome assemble protein 1-like 4 gene (NAP1L4) NAP1L4-NUTM1 fusion. The patient have unusually clinical features and therapeutic reaction to imatinib mesylate. The cloned NAP1L4-NUTM1 gene structure is also determined.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 15/genética , Eosinofilia/genética , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Adulto , Eosinofilia/complicações , Eosinofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/genética , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/patologia , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/terapia , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia/genética , Leucemia/patologia , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Mutação , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/complicações , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/patologia , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/isolamento & purificação , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Indução de Remissão , Translocação Genética/fisiologia
11.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(4): 312-317, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378572

RESUMO

We present the case of a 39-year-old man with a primary diagnosis of mixed phenotype acute leukemia, T/myeloid not otherwise specified (T/M-MPAL). After achieving a complete remission (CR), he underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Subsequent evaluation of the cerebrospinal fluid suggested central nervous system graft versus host disease (GVHD); hence, prednisolone therapy was initiated. After 118 days on prednisolone, a routine follow-up thoracic and abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed extensive pneumatosis in the wall of the colon. We diagnosed his condition as pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI). The patient was treated conservatively with high concentration oxygen. A CT scan performed 1 week later revealed that the pneumatosis had fully resolved; no relapse has been observed. Various etiologies of PCI have been reported previously. However, there are very few reports of PCI presenting in association with hematologic neoplasms or in response to allogeneic HSCT in adult patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia , Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal , Adulto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Humanos , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Fenótipo
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456113

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Patients with leukemia who are isolated in positive pressure rooms for infection prevention usually experience significant physical and psychological distress. This study aimed to examine changes in leukemia patients' comfort level during chemotherapy in isolation wards. Methods: A longitudinal survey was conducted with measures which were repeated four times. Data were collected before chemotherapy, on the first and second week after receiving chemotherapy in positive pressure isolation rooms, and on the third week in the non-isolated hematology ward. Each patient received six questionnaires measuring demographic data, comfort status, functional status, fatigue related to cancer therapy, anxiety level, and distress symptoms. A mixed model with repeated measure analysis was used to examine the changing trajectories in physical and psychological health. Results: Twenty-one patients completed the study. During the process, the highest score for comfort level was shown before chemotherapy, and this decreased from the second week under isolation. Anxiety and uncertainty (p < 0.05) declined over time, and emotional states improved during the recovery period in the third and fourth weeks outside isolation. Physical well-being (p < 0.01), cancer-related fatigue (p < 0.05), hemoglobin (p < 0.01) and white blood cell count (p < 0.05) began to rise two weeks after chemotherapy. Conclusion: Comfort levels declined after chemotherapy until the third week of treatment. Anxiety, fatigue and distress symptoms varied across the four time points of chemotherapy from isolation to return to the non-isolated ward. Health care professionals should be aware of psychological symptoms when patients are in isolation rooms, and interventions for promoting a humanized environment, quality of life, and comfort should be considered and provided along with the treatment stages of chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Isolamento de Pacientes , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Qualidade de Vida , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Fadiga , Humanos , Leucemia/terapia
13.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1244: 215-233, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32301017

RESUMO

CAR-T (chimeric antigens receptor-T) cell therapy is a breakthrough therapy of the twenty-first century for the management of different malignancies including lymphomas and leukemias. Numeral trials are underway to understand the optimal CAR-T cell design and dose to maximize efficacy and mitigate toxicity. Currently two CAR-T cell therapy products, axicabtagene ciloleucel and tisagenlecleucel, are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, which have shown excellent responses in otherwise poor prognostic lymphomas and leukemias. The favorable outcomes achieved of this therapy were noted to be durable during long-term follow-up. Understanding the challenges associated with manufacturing and the reasons for T cell failure including poor T cell expansion, persistence, and tumor resistance are critical for its wide-scale application in order to attain the full potential of this novel therapy. Here we review the salient features of the different CAR-T products and discuss the pivotal trials that led to its approval.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Linfócitos T , Humanos , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/terapia , Linfoma/imunologia , Linfoma/terapia
14.
Am J Hematol ; 95(7): 809-816, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267023

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is curative for bone marrow failure in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), but the presence of a malignant transformation is associated with a poor prognosis and the management of these patients is still challenging. We analyzed outcome of 74 FA patients with a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 35), acute leukemia (n = 35) or with cytogenetic abnormalities (n = 4), who underwent allo-HSCT from 1999 to 2016 in EBMT network. Type of diagnosis, pre-HSCT cytoreductive therapies and related toxicities, disease status pre-HSCT, donor type, and conditioning regimen were considered as main variables potentially influencing outcome. The 5-year OS and EFS were 42% (30-53%) and 39% (27-51%), respectively. Patients transplanted in CR showed better OS compared with those transplanted in presence of an active malignant disease (OS:71%[48-95] vs 37% [24-50],P = .04), while none of the other variables considered had an impact. Twenty-two patients received pre-HSCT cytoreduction and 9/22 showed a grade 3-4 toxicity, without any lethal event or negative influence on survival after HSCT(OS:toxicity pre-HSCT 48% [20-75%] vs no-toxicity 51% [25-78%],P = .98). The cumulative incidence of day-100 grade II-IV a-GvHD and of 5-year c-GvHD were 38% (26-50%) and 40% (28-52%). Non-relapse-related mortality and incidence of relapse at 5-years were 40% (29-52%) and 21% (11-30%) respectively, without any significant impact of the tested variables. Causes of death were transplant-related events in most patients (34 out of the 42 deaths, 81%). This analysis confirms the poor outcome of transformed FA patients and identifies the importance of achieving CR pre-HSCT, suggesting that, in a newly diagnosed transformed FA patient, a cytoreductive approach pre-HSCT should be considered if a donor have been secured.


Assuntos
Anemia de Fanconi , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Doença Aguda , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Anemia de Fanconi/complicações , Anemia de Fanconi/mortalidade , Anemia de Fanconi/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia/etiologia , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/etiologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(7): 1312-1317, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283185

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has created significant barriers to timely donor evaluation, cell collection, and graft transport for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). To ensure availability of donor cells on the scheduled date of infusion, many sites now collect cryopreserved grafts before the start of pretransplantation conditioning. Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (ptCY) is an increasingly used approach for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, but the impact of graft cryopreservation on the outcomes of allo-HCT using ptCY is not known. Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) database, we compared the outcomes of HCT using cryopreserved versus fresh grafts in patients undergoing HCT for hematologic malignancy with ptCY. We analyzed 274 patients with hematologic malignancy undergoing allo-HCT between 2013 and 2018 with cryopreserved grafts and ptCY. Eighteen patients received bone marrow grafts and 256 received peripheral blood stem cell grafts. These patients were matched for age, graft type, disease risk index (DRI), and propensity score with 1080 patients who underwent allo-HCT with fresh grafts. The propensity score, which is an assessment of the likelihood of receiving a fresh graft versus a cryopreserved graft, was calculated using logistic regression to account for the following: disease histology, Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS), HCT Comorbidity Index, conditioning regimen intensity, donor type, and recipient race. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints included acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), relapse/progression and disease-free survival (DFS). Because of multiple comparisons, only P values <.01 were considered statistically significant. The 2 cohorts (cryopreserved and fresh) were similar in terms of patient age, KPS, diagnosis, DRI, HCT-CI, donor/graft source, and conditioning intensity. One-year probabilities of OS were 71.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 68.3% to 73.8%) with fresh grafts and 70.3% (95% CI, 64.6% to 75.7%) with cryopreserved grafts (P = .81). Corresponding probabilities of OS at 2 years were 60.6% (95% CI, 57.3% to 63.8%) and 58.7% (95% CI, 51.9% to 65.4%) (P = .62). In matched-pair regression analysis, graft cryopreservation was not associated with a significantly higher risk of mortality (hazard ratio [HR] for cryopreserved versus fresh, 1.05; 95% CI, .86 to 1.29; P = .60). Similarly, rates of neutrophil recovery (HR, .91; 95% CI, .80 to 1.02; P = .12), platelet recovery (HR, .88; 95% CI, .78 to 1.00; P = .05), grade III-IV acute GVHD (HR, .78; 95% CI, .50 to 1.22; P = .27), NRM (HR, 1.16; 95% CI, .86 to 1.55; P = .32) and relapse/progression (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, .97 to 1.50; P = .09) were similar with cryopreserved grafts versus fresh grafts. There were somewhat lower rates of chronic GVHD (HR, 78; 95% CI, .61 to .99; P = .04) and DFS (HR for treatment failure, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.29; P = .04) with graft cryopreservation that were of marginal statistical significance after adjusting for multiple comparisons. Overall, our data indicate that graft cryopreservation does not significantly delay hematopoietic recovery, increase the risk of acute GVHD or NRM, or decrease OS after allo-HCT using ptCY.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Criopreservação/métodos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Linfoma/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/patologia , Linfoma/imunologia , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/imunologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Pandemias , Irmãos , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Doadores não Relacionados/provisão & distribução
16.
Arch Med Res ; 51(1): 54-62, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The umbilical cord blood bank at the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS-CBB) was established in January 2005. This lead to the development of the UCB transplantation program. Herein, we describe the experience generated during these 13 years. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Donor selection, as well as UCB collection, processing, and banking were performed under good manufacturing practices and standard operating procedures. UCB units were thawed, processed, and released for transplantation based on HLA and nucleated cell content. RESULTS: From January 2005-December 2017, 1,298 UCB units were banked; 164 of them were released for transplantation, and 118 UCB transplants were performed. Ninety-four transplants were performed in pediatric patients and 24 in adults. Sixty percent of them corresponded to patients with leukemia, 19% were patients with marrow failure, and the rest had immunodeficiency, hemoglobinopathy, metabolic disorders, or solid tumors. Engraftment was observed in 67 patients (57% of transplanted patients) and 64% of them were still alive when writing this article. In contrast, only 13 of the 51 (25%) non-engrafting patients were alive. At the time of writing this article, the disease-free survival rate was 37%, and the overall survival rate was 47%, with survival periods of 161-3,721 days. CONCLUSION: The IMSS UCB banking and transplantation program has had a significant impact for many IMSS patients. The hematopoietic transplantation program at our institution has benefited from the use of UCB as a source of transplantable cells.


Assuntos
Bancos de Sangue , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Sangue Fetal , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bancos de Sangue/métodos , Bancos de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Bancos de Sangue/tendências , Transtornos da Insuficiência da Medula Óssea/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Insuficiência da Medula Óssea/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/normas , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/tendências , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/normas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Leucemia/epidemiologia , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/normas , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/tendências , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
17.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(1): 56-64, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187574

RESUMO

Introducción: los supervivientes de leucemia aguda infantil (LAI) tienen riesgo de desarrollar obesidad. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la composición corporal en estos pacientes mediante las diferentes técnicas de empleadas en la práctica clínica y compararlas con el empleo del índice de masa corporal (IMC). Métodos: estudio transversal de 39 supervivientes de LAI con más de diez an~os desde el diagnóstico. Se evaluó el grado de acuerdo entre diferentes técnicas antropométricas y composición corporal y se analizaron factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de obesidad. Resultados: prevalencia de obesidad según porcentaje masa grasa por IMC 38,5%, perímetro cintura 46,1%, sumatorio cuatro pliegues 51,3% y bioimpedanciometría (BIA) 56,4%. Existe adecuada correlación entre los métodos, pero el IMC infraestima la adiposidad respecto al perímetro de cintura (-1,03 ± 2,01), pliegues (-2,95 ± 5,78 y BIA (-3,78 ± 7,4), con mayor infraestimación en % masa magra > 28%. Tres pacientes mostraron sarcopenia y solo uno, obesidad sarcopénica. La adiposidad estimada por el perímetro de cintura fue el parámetro con mejor asociación con los factores de riesgo cardiovascular (colesterol-LDL: r = 0,703; colesterol-HDL: r = -0,612; p < 0,05 e hipertensión: OR 4,17; IC 95%: 1,012-19,3). Los factores de riesgo asociados a obesidad fueron: sexo femenino, alto riesgo tumoral, tratamiento con radioterapia y trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos. Conclusiones: el IMC infraestima el porcentaje de supervivientes obesos respecto al empleo del perímetro de cintura, pliegues cutáneos y bioimpedanciometría, existiendo riesgo de clasificar erróneamente a sujetos obesos como no obesos. El sexo femenino, el alto riesgo tumoral, la radioterapia y el trasplante son factores de riesgo para presentar obesidad


Background: survivors of childhood acute leukemia are at risk for obesity. The purpose was to evaluate the different clinical measurements of body composition and to compare with body mass index (BMI). Methods: cross-sectional study of 39 survivors with more than ten years of survivorship since diagnosis. Anthropometry and body composition accuracy measurements were determined and also obesity risk factors. Results: obesity prevalence by body fat percentage were: 38.5 % for BMI; 46.1 % for waist circumference; 51.3 % for skinfolds and 56.4 % for bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). There was a good correlation among the measurements, but BMI underestimated the percent body fat among childhood leukemia survivors in comparison with: waist circumference (-1.03 ± 2.01), skinfolds (-2.95 ± 5.78) and BIA (-3.78 ± 7.4), and this bias appears to be more variable with increasing percent of body fat > 30 %. Three patients showed sarcopenia and only one sarcopenic obesity. Waist circumference fat mass was the better predictor of cardiovascular risk factors (LDL-cholesterol: r = 0.703; HDL-cholesterol: r = -0.612; p < 0.05 and hypertension: OR 4.17; IC 95 %: 1.012-19.3). Obesity risk factors were: female sex, high-risk tumor, radiotherapy and stem cell transplantation. Conclusions: BMI underestimates obese childhood leukemia survivors in comparison with waist circumference, skinfolds and bioelectrial impedance analysis. BMI use could misclassify obese survivors as non-obese. Female sex, high tumoral risk and coadyuvant treatments (radiotherapy and stem cell transplant) are risk factors for adiposity


Assuntos
Humanos , Composição Corporal , Antropometria/métodos , Sobrevivência , Impedância Elétrica , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Leucemia/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade Pediátrica/complicações , Sarcopenia/complicações , Radioterapia/métodos , Circunferência da Cintura , Pregas Cutâneas , Leucemia/terapia
18.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 34(2): 103-112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049696

RESUMO

Auricular acupressure (AA) is widely used in East Asia and Europe to manage patients with sleep disturbance. This feasibility study was performed to demonstrate the potential of AA for sleep disturbance in patients with leukemia. Thirty-two patients with leukemia with poor sleep quality received AA 3 times a day for a total of 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep quality at baseline, at a 2-week intervention, and after a 4-week intervention. Compared with baseline scores, PSQI scores and the use of sleep medicine were significantly improved at week 2 and week 4 (P < .05). As a potential safety therapy, AA could be an alternative or complementary intervention to improve sleep quality for patients with leukemia with sleep disturbance.


Assuntos
Acupressão/normas , Cápsula Articular , Leucemia/terapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Acupressão/métodos , Acupressão/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Tratamento Farmacológico/métodos , Tratamento Farmacológico/psicologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 37(1): 1-4, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900078
20.
Int J Clin Pract ; 74(5): e13476, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with leukaemia are at increased risk of cardiovascular events. There are limited outcomes data for patients with a history of leukaemia who present with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2004-2014) for patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of AMI, and a concomitant diagnosis of leukaemia, and further stratified according to the subtype of leukaemia. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to identify the association between leukaemia and major acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE; composite of mortality, stroke and cardiac complications) and bleeding. RESULTS: Out of 6 750 878 AMI admissions, a total of 21 694 patients had a leukaemia diagnosis. The leukaemia group experienced higher rates of MACCE (11.8% vs 7.8%), mortality (10.3% vs 5.8%) and bleeding (5.6% vs 5.3%). Following adjustments, leukaemia was independently associated with increased odds of MACCE (OR 1.26 [1.20, 1.31]) and mortality (OR 1.43 [1.37, 1.50]) without an increased risk of bleeding (OR 0.86 [0.81, 0.92]). Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) was associated with approximately threefold risk of MACCE (OR 2.81 [2.51, 3.13]) and a fourfold risk of mortality (OR 3.75 [3.34, 4.22]). Patients with leukaemia were less likely to undergo coronary angiography (CA) (48.5% vs 64.5%) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (28.2% vs 42.9%) compared with those without leukaemia. CONCLUSION: Patients with leukaemia, especially those with AML, are associated with poor clinical outcomes after AMI, and are less likely to receive CA and PCI compared with those without leukaemia. A multi-disciplinary approach between cardiologists and haematology oncologists may improve the outcomes of patients with leukaemia after AMI.


Assuntos
Leucemia/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Estados Unidos
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