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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 51-64, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610305

RESUMO

Aiming at the inefficiency and toxicity in traditional antitumor therapy, a novel multifunctional nanoplatform was constructed based on hollow mesoporous carbon (HMC) to achieve triple stimuli response and dual model antitumor therapy via chemo-photothermal synergistic effect. HMC was used as an ideal nanovehicle with a high drug loading efficiency as well as a near-infrared (NIR) photothermal conversion agent for photothermal therapy. Acid-dissoluble, luminescent ZnO quantum dots (QDs) were used as the proper sealing agents for the mesopores of HMC, conjugated to HMC via disulfide linkage to prevent drug (doxorubicin, abbreviated as Dox) premature release from Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO. After cellular endocytosis, the Dox was released in a pH, GSH and NIR laser triple stimuli-responsive manner to realize accurate drug delivery. Moreover, the local hyperthermia effect induced by NIR irradiation could promote the drug release, enhance cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents, and also directly kill cancer cells. As expected, Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO exhibited a high drug loading capacity of 43%, well response to triple stimuli and excellent photothermal conversion efficiency η of 29.7%. The therapeutic efficacy in 4T1 cells and multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTSs) demonstrated that Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO + NIR had satisfactory chemo-photothermal synergistic effect with a combination index (CI) of 0.532. The cell apoptosis rate of the combined treatment group was more than 95%. The biodistribution and pharmacodynamics studies showed its biosecurity to normal tissues and synergistic inhibition effect to tumor cells. These distinguished results indicated that the Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO nanoplatform is potential to realize efficient triple stimuli-responsive drug delivery and dual model chemo-photothermal synergistic antitumor therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Carbono/química , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fototerapia/métodos , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Distribuição Tecidual , Óxido de Zinco/farmacocinética
2.
Pharm Res ; 37(1): 9, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848730

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study uses high drug content solid dispersions for dose window extension beyond current demonstrations using fused deposition modelling (FDM) to; i) accommodate pharmaceutically relevant doses of drugs of varying potencies at acceptable dosage form sizes and ii) enable enhanced dose flexibility via modular dosage form design concepts. METHODS: FDM was used to generate ~0.5 mm thick discs of varying diameter (2-10 mm) from melt-extruded feedstocks based on 10% to 50% w/w felodipine in ethyl cellulose. Drug content was determined by UV spectroscopy and dispensing precision from printed disc mass. RESULTS: Mean felodipine content was within ±5% of target values for all print volumes and compositions including contents as high as ~50% w/w. However, poor dispensing precision was evident at all print volumes. CONCLUSIONS: In pursuit of dose flexibility, this successful demonstration of dose window extension using high content solid dispersions preserves FDM design flexibility by maintaining applicability to drugs of varying potencies. The achieved uniformity of content supports the application of varying content solid dispersions to modular dosage form concepts to enhance dose flexibility. However, poor dispensing precision impedes its utilisation until appropriate compatibility between FDM hardware and materials at varying drug contents can be attained.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Felodipino/farmacologia , Tecnologia Farmacêutica , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Excipientes/química , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/métodos
3.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111683, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710928

RESUMO

In recent years dendrimers have fascinated the investigators towards targeted drug delivery because of their versatile framework and exhibit immense potentiality in entrapping drug moieties through host-guest interactions and serve as a promising vector in biological applications. The current investigation is focused on developing pegylated citric acid cefotaxime dendrimers through the divergent method and its characterization through spectroscopic, microscopic, thermal and microscopic techniques. Among the spectroscopic techniques, 1H NMR and 13C NMR elucidated the key functional groups at various chemical shifts while ESI-MS pointed out the molecular weight of cefotaxime sodium in various generations. Similarly, FTIR, DSC, and AFM investigations detailed that the generations are devoid of incompatibilities, structural deformities and can be opted for targeted drug delivery. The drug entrapment studies and in-vitro drug release studies highlight CFTX G5 containing 92.4% entrapment efficacy and 83.8% drug release in 48 h and specifies a sustain release characteristics. In connection to the above, the in-vivo studies reveal a potent antibacterial activity against various gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms with a decreased hemolysis and cytotoxicity effects and reflect a high margin of safety regarding pegylated CFTX dendrimers. Further, the antibacterial activities are supported through confocal microscopy that clarified the cellular uptake of dendritic molecules and their internalization.


Assuntos
Cefotaxima/química , Ácido Cítrico/química , Dendrímeros/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Células A549 , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cefotaxima/metabolismo , Cefotaxima/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Meia-Vida , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Polietilenoglicóis/química
4.
Pharm Res ; 36(12): 174, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667638

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The overall goal of this study was to investigate the dissolution performance and crystallization kinetics of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) of a weakly basic compound, posaconazole, dispersed in a pH-sensitive polymeric matrix consisting of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMC-AS), using fasted-state simulated media. METHODS: ASDs with three different drug loadings, 10, 25 and 50 wt.%, and the commercially available tablets were exposed to acidic media (pH 1.6), followed by transfer to, and dissolution in, intestinal media (pH 6.5). Parallel single stage dissolution experiments in only simulated intestinal media were also performed to better understand the impact of the gastric stage. Different analytical methods, including nanoparticle tracking analysis, powder x-ray diffraction, second harmonic generation and two-photon excitation ultraviolet fluorescence microscopy, were used to characterize the phase behavior of these systems at different stages of dissolution. RESULTS: Results revealed that all ASDs exhibited some degree of drug release upon suspension in acidic media, and were also vulnerable to matrix crystallization. Upon transfer to intestinal media conditions, supersaturation was observed. This was short-lived for some dispersions due to the release of the crystals formed in the acid immersion stage which acted as seeds for crystal growth. Lower drug loading ASDs also exhibited transient formation of amorphous nanodroplets prior to crystallization. CONCLUSIONS: This work emphasizes the significance of assessing the impact of pH change on dissolution and provides a fundamental basis of understanding the phase behavior kinetics of ASDs of weakly basic drugs when formulated with pH sensitive polymers.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos/química , Metilcelulose/análogos & derivados , Triazóis/química , Cristalização , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Metilcelulose/química , Nanopartículas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Transição de Fase , Solubilidade , Temperatura Ambiente
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(87): 13140-13143, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617528

RESUMO

In this work, we depleted glutathione (GSH) by releasing SO2 with internal stimulus GSH itself, and also selectively marked the cancer cells followed by release of anticancer drug using another orthogonal stimulus i.e., two-photon (TP) NIR light by a single naphthalene based chromophore (TP absorbance 77 GM and uncaging cross-section 21 GM). We demonstrated the improved therapeutic efficacy of chlorambucil by the stepwise dual stimuli approach and dual surveillance of both the drug uncaging process in real-time using in vitro studies.


Assuntos
Alquilantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Clorambucila/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Fótons , Alquilantes/química , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorambucila/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glutationa/metabolismo , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/química , Imagem Óptica , Dióxido de Enxofre/metabolismo
6.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 145: 12-26, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622652

RESUMO

A major shortcoming of drug nanocomposites as compared with amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) is their limited supersaturation capability in dissolution media. Here, we prepared drug hybrid nanocrystal-amorphous solid dispersions (HyNASDs) and compare their performance to ASDs. A wet-milled griseofulvin (GF, BCS II drug) nanosuspension and a GF solution, both containing the same dissolved polymer-surfactant (SDS: sodium dodecyl sulfate) with 1:1 and 1:3 GF:polymer mass ratios, were spray-dried. Hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) and Soluplus (Sol) were used as matrix-forming polymers. XRPD, DSC, and Raman spectroscopy reveal that ASDs were formed upon spray-drying the solution-based feed, whereas nanocomposites and nanocomposites with >10% amorphous content, HyNASDs, were formed with the nanosuspension-based feed. Sol provided higher GF relative supersaturation, up to 180% and 360% for HyNASDs and ASDs, respectively, in the dissolution tests than HPC (up to 50% for both) owing to Sol's stronger intermolecular interactions and miscibility with GF and its recrystallization inhibition. Besides the higher kinetic solubility of GF in Sol, presence of GF nanoparticles vs. micron-sized particles in the nanocomposites enabled fast supersaturation. This study demonstrates successful preparation of fast supersaturating (190% within 20 min) HyNASDs, which renders nanoparticle formulations competitive to ASDs in bioavailability enhancement of poorly soluble drugs.


Assuntos
Liberação Controlada de Fármacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Griseofulvina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Celulose/química , Cristalização/métodos , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanocompostos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polímeros/química , Polivinil/química , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Solubilidade , Tensoativos/química , Suspensões/química
7.
Expert Opin Ther Pat ; 29(11): 891-907, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603360

RESUMO

Introduction: Pharmacotherapy is limited by the inefficient drug targeting of non-healthy cells/tissues. In this pharmacological landscape, liposomes are contributing to the impulse given by Nanotechnology to optimize drug therapy. Areas covered: The analysis of the state-of-the-art in liposomal formulations for drug delivery purposes have underlined that lately published patents (since 2014) are exploring alternative compositions and ways to optimize the stability and drug loading content/release profile. These improvements are complemented by improved long-circulating structures and further liposome functionalizations, which have definitively opened the road for the (co-)delivery of therapeutics to the site of action. Liposomes are also contributing to new drug delivery approaches involving the generation of extracellular vesicles by targeted cells, while opening new ways to combine disease diagnosis and therapy (theranosis). Expert opinion: Patent publications on liposomal formulations have expanded new ways in drug delivery. New lipid compositions and strategies to optimize stability and drug vehiculization capabilities have settle solid pillars in liposome fabrication. Despite, their architecture has been satisfactorily adapted for combining passive and active drug targeting concepts, new inputs of liposomes into the disease arena should answer for: a simple/scalable/cost-effective formulation; a safe/stable/controllable formulation meeting quality control regulations; and, a confirmed therapeutic efficiency in clinical investigations.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Lipídeos/química , Animais , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Humanos , Lipossomos , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Patentes como Assunto
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 6901-6915, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564860

RESUMO

Background: Smart materials capable of responding to external stimuli are noteworthy candidates in designing drug delivery systems. In many of the recent research, temperature and pH have been recognized as the main stimulating factors in designing systems for anti-cancer drugs delivery systems. Purpose: In this study, thermo and pH-responsive character of a nano-carrier drug delivery platform based on lysine modified poly (vinylcaprolactam) hydrogel conjugated with doxorubicin was assessed. Methods: Poly (vinylcaprolactam) cross-linked with poly (ethyleneglycol) diacrylate was prepared via RAFT polymerization, and the prepared structure was linked with lysine through ring-opening. The anti-cancer drug doxorubicin, was linked to lysine moiety of the prepared structure via Schiff-base reaction. The prepared platform was characterized by 1HNMR and FT-IR, while molecular weight characterization was performed by size exclusion chromatography. The temperature-responsive activity was evaluated using differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic light scattering. In vitro release pattern in simulated physiologic pH at 37°C was compared with acidic pH attributed to tumor site and elevated temperature. The anticancer efficiency of the drug-conjugated structure was evaluated in breast cancer cell line MCF-7 in 24 and 48 h, and cell uptake assay was performed on the same cell line. Conclusion: According to the results, well-structure defined smart pH and temperature responsive nano-hydrogel was prepared. The enhanced release rates are observed at acidic pH and elevated temperature. We have concluded that the doxorubicin-conjugated nanoparticle results in higher cellular uptakes and more cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Caprolactama/análogos & derivados , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Hidrogéis/química , Lisina/química , Nanopartículas/química , Polímeros/química , Temperatura Ambiente , Caprolactama/síntese química , Caprolactama/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Humanos , Hidrogéis/síntese química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Células MCF-7 , Peso Molecular , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Transição de Fase , Polímeros/síntese química , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Testes de Toxicidade
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7017-7038, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564863

RESUMO

Background: Fabrication of a smart drug delivery system that could dramatically increase the efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs and reduce the side effects is still a challenge for pharmaceutical researchers. By the emergence of nanotechnology, a huge window was opened towards this goal, and a wide type of nanocarriers were introduced for delivering the chemotherapeutic to the cancer cells, among them are cyclodextrins with the ability to host different types of hydrophobic bioactive molecules through inclusion complexation process. Aim: The aim of this study is to design and fabricate a pH-responsive theranostic nanocapsule based on cyclodextrin supramolecular nano-structure. Materials and methods: This nanostructure contains iron oxide nanoparticles in the core surrounded with three polymeric layers including polymeric ß-cyclodextrin, polyacrylic acid conjugated to sulfadiazine, and polyethylenimine functionalized with ß-cyclodextrin. Sulfadiazine is a pH-responsive hydrophobic component capable of making inclusion complex with ß-cyclodextrin available in the first and third layers. Doxorubicin, as an anti-cancer drug model, was chosen and the drug loading and release pattern were determined at normal and acidic pH. Moreover, the biocompatibility of the nanocapsule (with/without drug component) was examined using different techniques such as MTT assay, complement activation, coagulation assay, and hemolysis. Results: The results revealed the successful preparation of a spherical nanocapsule with mean size 43±1.5 nm and negatively charge of -43 mV that show 160% loading efficacy. Moreover, the nanocapsule has an on/off switching release pattern in response to pH that leads to drug released in low acidic pH. The results of the biocompatibility tests indicated that this nano drug delivery system had no effect on blood and immune components while it could affect cancer cells even at very low concentrations (0.3 µg mL-1). Conclusion: The obtained results suggest that this is a "switchable" theranostic nanocapsule with potential application as an ideal delivery system for simultaneous cancer diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Nanocápsulas/química , Polietilenoimina/química , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , Animais , Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Compostos Férricos/química , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Nanocápsulas/ultraestrutura , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Tempo de Protrombina , Eletricidade Estática , Compostos de Sulfidrila/síntese química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Difração de Raios X , beta-Ciclodextrinas/síntese química
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7141-7153, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564870

RESUMO

Background: Theranostics, elaborately integrating both therapeutic and diagnostic functions into a nanoplatform holds great potential for precision cancer medicine. Methods: Herein, a biodegradable theranostic nanoplatform with hyperthermia-induced bubble ability for highly efficient ultrasound (US) imaging-guided chemo-photothermal therapy of breast tumors was developed. The prepared nanoparticles consisted of polydopamine (PDA)-modified hollow mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (HMONs) with approximately 75 nm in diameter for doxorubicin (DOX) loading and perfluoropentane (PFP) filling. In addition, the pH-sensitive PDA coating served as both gatekeeper controlling DOX release and photothermal agent for inducing hyperthermia. Results: Such nanoplatform (PDA@HMONs-DOX/PFP, PHDP) provides efficient loading (328 mg/g) and controllable stimuli-responsive release of DOX for chemotherapy. The incorporated disulfide bonds in the framework of HMONs endowed nanoparticles with intrinsic glutathione-responsive biodegradability and improved biocompatibility. Benefiting from the hyperthermia upon an 808-nm laser irradiation of PDA, the liquid-gas phase transition of the loaded PFP was induced, resulting in the generation of the nanobubbles, followed by the coalescence into microbubbles. This conversation could enhance the tumor cell uptake of nanoparticles, as well as intensify the US imaging signals. In addition, a synergistic therapeutic effect of our fabricated nanoplatform on cells/tumor growth effect has been systematically evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusion: Therefore, such "all-in-one" PHDP nanoparticles with satisfactory biocompatibility and biodegradability, hyperthermia-induced bubble ability and simultaneous US imaging performance hold great potential for cancer nanotheranostics.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Microbolhas , Nanopartículas/química , Fototerapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Ultrassonografia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Indóis/química , Cinética , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Polímeros/química , Distribuição Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7191-7213, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564873

RESUMO

Background: Diosmin showed poor water solubility and low bioavailability. Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles were successfully used to improve the drugs solubility and bioavailability. Coating of PLGA nanoparticles with chitosan can ameliorate their gastric retention and cellular uptake. Methodology: PLGA nanoparticles of diosmin were prepared using different drug and polymer amounts. Nanoparticles were selected based on entrapment efficiency% (EE%) and particle size measurements to be coated with chitosan. The selected nanoparticles either uncoated or coated were evaluated regarding morphology, ζ-potential, solid-state characterization, in vitro release, storage stability, and mucoadhesion. The anti-ulcer activity (AA) against ethanol-induced ulcer in rats was assessed through macroscopical evaluation, histopathological examination, immunohistochemical localization of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and transmission electron microscopic examination of gastric tissues compared to free diosmin (100 mg/kg) and positive control. Results: Based on EE% and particle size measurements, the selected nanoparticles, either uncoated or coated with 0.1% w/v chitosan, were based on 1:15 drug-PLGA weight ratio and 20 mg diosmin employing methylene chloride as an organic phase. Examination by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed nanoscopic spherical particles. Drug encapsulation within the selected nanoparticles was suggested by Fourier transform-infrared, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry results. Chitosan-coated nanoparticles were more stable against size enlargement probably due to the higher ζ-potential. Only coated nanoparticles showed gastric retention as revealed by SEM examination of stomach and duodenum. The superior AA of coated nanoparticles was confirmed by significant reduction in average mucosal damage, the majority of histopathological changes and NF-κB expression in gastric tissue when compared to positive control, diosmin and uncoated nanoparticles as well as insignificant difference relative to normal control. Coated nanoparticles preserved the normal ultrastructure of the gastric mucosa as revealed by TEM examination. Conclusion: The optimized chitosan-coated PLGA nanoparticles can be represented as a potential oral drug delivery system of diosmin.


Assuntos
Antiulcerosos/uso terapêutico , Quitosana/química , Diosmina/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/química , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Estômago/patologia , Úlcera/tratamento farmacológico , Adesividade , Animais , Antiulcerosos/farmacologia , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Diosmina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Duodeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Duodeno/patologia , Duodeno/ultraestrutura , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Mucosa Gástrica/ultraestrutura , Cinética , Masculino , Muco/química , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômago/ultraestrutura , Úlcera/patologia , Difração de Raios X
12.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7309-7322, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571855

RESUMO

Introduction: The only treatment for aseptic loosening is the replacement of the prosthesis through revision surgery. A preventive approach, achieved through anti-inflammatory drugs released from the device, has shown to be a viable strategy; however, the performance of these devices is not yet satisfactory thus further improvements are necessary. Methods: We used titanium nanoparticles as a model for implant surfaces and developed a coating containing dexamethasone (DEX) using layer-by-layer deposition. Results: The amount of deposited drug depended on the number of layers and the release was sustained for months. The efficiency of the released DEX in reducing inflammation markers (tumor necrosis factor alpha and IL-6) produced by human monocytes and macrophages was similar to the pure drug at the same concentration without negative impacts on the viability and morphology of these cells. Conclusion: These coatings were not inferior to medical grade titanium (the standard material used in uncemented devices) regarding their ability to sustain osteoblasts and fibroblasts growth.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Falha de Prótese , Linhagem Celular , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Termogravimetria
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7489-7502, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571860

RESUMO

Background: 3,5,4'-trimethoxy-trans-stilbene (BTM) is a methylated derivative of resveratrol. To improve the pharmaceutical properties of BTM, BTM loaded PEG-PE micelles (BTM@PEG-PE) were fabricated and its anti-cancer efficacy against colon cancer was evaluated. Methods: BTM@PEG-PE micelles were prepared by the solvent evaporation method and were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), size, zeta potential, polymer disperse index (PDI) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Cellular uptake, cell viability assay, caspase-3 activity assay and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate the cell internalization and anti-cancer efficacy of BTM@PEG-PE micelles in vitro. Pharmacokinetic profiles of BTM and BTM@PEG-PE micelles were compared and in vivo anti-cancer therapeutic efficacy and safety of BTM@PEG-PE micelles on CT26 xenograft mice were evaluated. Results: BTM was successfully embedded in the core of PEG-PE micelles, with a drug loading capacity of 5.62±0.80%. PEG-PE micelles facilitated BTM entering to the CT26 cells and BTM@PEG-PE micelles exerted enhanced anti-cancer efficacy against CT26 cells. BTM@PEG-PE micelles showed prolonged half-life and increased bioavailability. More importantly, BTM@PEG-PE micelles treatment suppressed tumor growth in tumor-bearing mice and prolonged survival with minimal damage to normal tissues. Conclusion: Altogether, the BTM@PEG-PE micelles might be a promising strategy to enhance the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic potentials of BTM for colon cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Micelas , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Disponibilidade Biológica , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Endocitose , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/efeitos adversos , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/farmacocinética , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacocinética , Polímeros/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7515-7531, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571861

RESUMO

Background: Glioblastoma mutliforme is the most common and has the poorest prognosis of any malignant tumor of the central nervous system. Luteolin, the most abundant xanthone extracted from vegetables and medicinal plants, has been shown to have treatment effects in various cancer cell types. Luteolin is however, hydrophobic and has poor biocompatibility, which leads to low bioavailability. Patients and methods: In this study, folic acid modifiedpoly(ethylene glycol)-poly(e-caprolactone) (Fa-PEG-PCL) nano-micelles was used to encapsulate the luteolin, creating luteolin loaded PEG-PCL (Lut/Fa-PEG-PCL) micelles to treat glioma both in vitro and in vivo. Results: When compared with the free luteolin and Lut/MPEG-PCL, Lut/Fa-PEG-PCL induced a significant cell growth inhibition and more apoptosis of GL261 cells both in vitro and in vivo. The safety assessment also showed no obvious side effects were observed in mice which were administrated with free luteolin or Lut/MPEG-PCL and Lut/Fa-PEG-PCL. Conclusion: These results suggested Lut/Fa-PEG-PCL may be used as an excellent intravenously injectable formulation for the treatment and chemoprevention.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Ácido Fólico/química , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Luteolina/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Glioma/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Luteolina/farmacocinética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Nus , Micelas , Modelos Moleculares , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/metabolismo , Poliésteres/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7561-7581, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571864

RESUMO

Introduction: This study was conducted to elucidate the chemopreventive potential, cytotoxic, and suppression of cellular metastatic activity of etodolac (ETD)-loaded nanocarriers. Methods: To esteem the effect of charge and composition of the nanovectors on their performance, four types of vectors namely, negative lipid nanovesicles; phosalosomes (N-Phsoms), positive phosalosomes (P-Phsoms), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) and polymeric alginate polymer (AlgNPs) were prepared and compared. ETD was used as a model cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor to evaluate the potency of these nanovectors to increase ETD permeation and retention through human skin and cytotoxicity against squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC). Moreover, the chemopreventive activity of ETD nanovector on mice skin cancer model was evaluated. Results: Among the utilized nanovectors, ETD-loaded N-Phsoms depicted spherical vesicles with the smallest particle size (202.96±2.37 nm) and a high zeta potential of -24.8±4.16 mV. N-Phsoms exhibited 1.5, and 3.6 folds increase in the ETD amount deposited in stratum corneum, epidermis and dermis. Moreover, cytotoxicity studies revealed a significant cytotoxic potential of such nanovector with IC50=181.76 compared to free ETD (IC50=982.75), correlated to enhanced cellular internalization. Its efficacy extended to a reduction in the relative tumor weight with 1.70 and 1.51-fold compared to positive control and free ETD, that manifested by a 1.72-fold reduction in both COX-2 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen mRNA (PCNA-mRNA) levels and 2.63-fold elevation in caspase-3 level in skin tumors relative to the positive control group with no hepato-and nephrotoxicity. Conclusion: Encapsulation of ETD in nanovector enhances its in-vitro and in-vivo anti-tumor activity and opens the door for encapsulation of more relevant drugs.


Assuntos
Quimioprevenção , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Nanoestruturas/química , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/enzimologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/toxicidade , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Etodolac/farmacologia , Etodolac/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Lipídeos/química , Camundongos , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Estudos Prospectivos , Absorção Cutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Eletricidade Estática , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7609-7624, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571866

RESUMO

Background: Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONs) have been increasingly utilized in a wide spectrum of biomedical applications. Surface coatings of IONs can bestow a number of exceptional properties, including enhanced stability of IONs, increased loading of drugs or their controlled release. Methods: Using two-step sonochemical protocol, IONs were surface-coated with polyoxyethylene stearate, polyvinylpyrrolidone or chitosan for a loading of two distinct topo II poisons (doxorubicin and ellipticine). The cytotoxic behavior was tested in vitro against breast cancer (MDA-MB-231) and healthy epithelial cells (HEK-293 and HBL-100). In addition, biocompatibility studies (hemotoxicity, protein corona formation, binding of third complement component) were performed. Results: Notably, despite surface-coated IONs exhibited only negligible cytotoxicity, upon tethering with topo II poisons, synergistic or additional enhancement of cytotoxicity was found in MDA-MB-231 cells. Pronounced anti-migratory activity, DNA fragmentation, decrease in expression of procaspase-3 and enhancement of p53 expression were further identified upon exposure to surface-coated IONs with tethered doxorubicin and ellipticine. Moreover, surface-coated IONs nanoformulations of topo II poisons exhibited exceptional stability in human plasma with no protein corona and complement 3 binding, and only a mild induction of hemolysis in human red blood cells. Conclusion: The results imply a high potential of an efficient ultrasound-mediated surface functionalization of IONs as delivery vehicles to improve therapeutic efficiency of topo II poisons.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/metabolismo , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Sonicação/métodos , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Humanos , Cinética , Masculino , Eletricidade Estática , Propriedades de Superfície , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7627-7642, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571868

RESUMO

Purpose: Focused ultrasound-mediated chemotherapy, as a non-invasive therapeutic modality, has been extensively explored in combating deep tumors for predominant penetration performance. However, the generally used high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) inevitably jeopardizes normal tissue around the lesion for hyperthermal energy. To overcome this crucial issue, low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) was introduced to fulfill precisely controlled imaging and therapy in lieu of HIFU. The objective of this study was to develop a facile and versatile nanoplatform (DPP-R) in response to LIFU and provide targeted drug delivery concurrently. Methods: Multifunctional DPP-R was fabricated by double emulsion method and carbodiimide method. Physicochemical properties of DPP-R were detected respectively and the bio-compatibility and bio-safety were evaluated by CCK-8 assay, blood analysis, and histologic section. The targeted ability, imaging function, and anti-tumor effect were demonstrated in vitro and vivo. Results: The synthetic DPP-R showed an average particle size at 367 nm, stable physical-chemical properties in different media, and high bio-compatibility and bio-safety. DPP-R was demonstrated to accumulate at the tumor site by active receptor/ligand reaction and passive EPR effect with intravenous administration. Stimulated by LIFU at the tumor site, phase-transformable PFH was vaporized in the core of the integration offering contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging. The stimuli led to encapsulated DOX's initial burst release and subsequent sustained release for anti-tumor therapy which was verified to be more effective and have less adverse effects than free DOX. Conclusion: DPP-R combined with LIFU provides a novel theranostic modality for GC treatment with potent therapeutic effect, including prominent performance of targeting, ultrasound imaging, and accurate drug release.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Composição de Medicamentos , Nanopartículas/química , Transição de Fase , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Ultrassonografia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Camundongos Nus , Oligopeptídeos/química , Imagem Óptica , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Distribuição Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7707-7727, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571873

RESUMO

Background: The encapsulation of plant essential oils (EOs) with polymeric materials (e.g. chitosan (CS) and N, N, N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC)) and the further reduction of the polymers into their nano sizes are gaining research interest in nanotechnology due to potential applications in medical drug delivery systems as well as the food and pharmaceutical industry. The present study reports a novel approach for the synthesis of Ocimum gratissimum essential oil (OGEO)-loaded CS and TMC nanoparticles with distinct bioactive and physiochemical properties. Methods: The OGEO-loaded CS and TMC nanoparticles were characterised using various microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The bioactive compounds in Ocimum gratissimum methanolic extract (OG-MeOH) and EOs was evinced with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Total phenolic content (TPC) of OGEO and OG-MeOH was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The in vitro drug release kinetic pattern was ascertained by membrane dialysis, while antioxidant activity was determined by the 2,2-diphenyl-1picrylhydrozyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method. The disc diffusion method was used for antibacterial activity evaluation, while MTT and a trypan blue dye exclusion assay were used to assess cytotoxic activity on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Results: GC-MS analysis revealed components that have not been previously reported for Ocimum gratissimum. The maximum OGEO cumulative drug release percentage in vitro was observed at pH 3 for both OGEO-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (OGEO-CSNPs) and OGEO-loaded N, N, N-trimethyl chitosan nanoparticles (OGEO-TMCNPs). The antioxidant activity of OGEO-CSNPs and OGEO-TMCNPs never reached a steady state after 75 h. OGEO-TMCNPs exhibited antibacterial activity at a lower concentration for both Gram-negative and Gram-positive food pathogens. In vitro cytotoxicity revealed the increased toxicity of OGEO-TMCNPs on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. Conclusion: OGEO-loaded CS and TMC nanoparticles were synthesised using a novel material optimisation approach. The synthesised nanoparticles have shown a promising application in the pharmaceutical and food industries.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Ocimum/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Humanos , Cinética , Metanol/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Fenóis/análise , Picratos/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/química , Eletricidade Estática
19.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7743-7758, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571874

RESUMO

Purpose: Peptide drugs have been used in therapy various diseases. However, the poor bioavailability of peptide drugs for oral administration has limited their clinical applications, on account of the acidic environment and digestive enzymes inside the human gastrointestinal tract. To enhance stability in the human gastrointestinal tract, bioavailability, and targeted drug delivery of peptide drugs through oral administration, a vitamin B12-modified amphiphilic sodium alginate derivative (CSAD-VB12) was synthesized. Materials and methods: A vitamin B12-modified amphiphilic sodium alginate derivative (CSAD-VB12) was synthesized via the N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide active method at room temperature, and then characterized using FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Insulin was used as a model peptide drug and the insulin-loaded CSAD-VB12 (CSAD-VB12/insulin) nanoparticles with negative zeta potentials were prepared in PBS (pH=7.4). Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe CSAD-VB12/insulin as spherical nanoparticles. The CSAD-VB12 derivatives and CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles displayed nontoxicity towards the human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells by CCK-8 test. Caco-2 cell model was used to measure the apparent permeability (Papp) of insulin, CSAD/insulin and CSAD-VB12/insulin. Furthermore, confocal was used to confirm the endocytosis of intestinal enterocytes. Type 1 diabetes mice were used to evaluate the intestinal absorption and retention effect of test nanoparticles. Results: They were observed as spherical nanoparticles in the size of 30-50 nm. The CSAD-VB12 derivatives and CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles displayed nontoxicity towards the human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells. Comparing with insulin and the CSAD/insulin nanoparticles, the CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles exhibited higher permeation ability through intestinal enterocytes in the Caco-2 cell model. Oral administration of the CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles to Type 1 diabetic mice yields higher intestinal retention effect, targeted absorption, and outstanding efficacy. Conclusion: CSAD-VB12 derivatives enhance the small intestinal absorption efficacy and retention of peptide by oral administration, which indicated that it could be a promising candidate for oral peptide delivery in the prospective clinical application.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Preparações Farmacêuticas/administração & dosagem , Vitamina B 12/química , Administração Oral , Alginatos/síntese química , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Insulina/farmacologia , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Absorção Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Vitamina B 12/síntese química
20.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7839-7849, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576127

RESUMO

Background: Nobiletin (NOB), a polymethoxy flavonoid, possesses anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities, has been reported that it played role in anti-osteoporosis treatment. However, previous research did not focus on practical use due to lack of hydrophilicity and cytotoxicity at high concentrations. The aim of this study was to develop a therapeutic formulation for osteoporosis based on the utilization of NOB. Methods: In this study, NOB-loaded poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(e-caprolactone) (NOB-PEG-PCL) was prepared by dialysis method. The effects on osteoclasts and anti-osteoporosis functions were investigated in a RANKL-induced cell model and ovariectomized (OVX) mice. Results: Dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy examination results revealed that the NOB-PEG-PCL had a round shape, with a mean diameter around 124 nm. The encapsulation efficiency and drug loading were 76.34±3.25% and 7.60±0.48%, respectively. The in vitro release of NOB from NOB-PEG-PCL showed a remarkably sustained releasing characteristic and could be retained at least 48 hrs in pH 7.4 PBS. Anti-osteoclasts effects demonstrated that the NOB-PEG-PCL significantly inhibited the formation of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive multinuclear cells stimulated by RANKL. Furthermore, the NOB-PEG-PCL did not produce cytotoxicity on bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs). The mRNA expressions of genetic markers of osteoclasts including TRAP and cathepsin K were significantly decreased in the presence of NOB-PEG-PCL. In addition, the NOB-PEG-PCL inhibited OC differentiation of BMMs through RANKL-induced MAPK signal pathway. After administration of the NOB-PEG-PCL, NOB-PEG-PCL prevented bone loss and improved bone density in OVX mice. These findings suggest that NOB-PEG-PCL might have great potential in the treatment of osteoporosis. Conclusion: The results suggested that NOB-PEG-PCL micelles could effectively prevent NOB fast release from micelles and extend circulation time. The NOB-PEG-PCL delivery system may be a promising way to prevent and treat osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/etiologia , Flavonas/uso terapêutico , Micelas , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteogênese , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Animais , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Flavonas/química , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Poliésteres/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
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