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1.
Am J Prev Med ; 56(2): 251-261, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573337

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Children are a population of interest for influenza. They are at increased risk for severe influenza, comprise a substantial portion of influenza morbidity, and significantly contribute to its transmission in the household and subsequent parental work loss. The association between influenza vaccination and work loss prevention, however, has rarely been studied, and the sparse existing literature has very limited generalizability to U.S. adults, thus requiring better characterization. METHODS: Using pooled National Health Interview Survey data (2013-2015, analyses conducted in 2018) nationally representative of working U.S. adults with household children (n=23,014), zero-inflated negative binomial regression examined the association of child influenza vaccination (exposure) with sick days (outcome) stratified by paid sick leave (no: n=10,741, yes: n=12,273). RESULTS: Child influenza vaccination was associated with significantly lower sick day usage, but only among adults with paid sick leave (prevalence rate ratio=0.79, 95% CI=0.67, 0.93), equating to average annual sick days of 4.07 vs 3.29 in adults with unvaccinated versus vaccinated household children (difference=0.78 fewer days annually). CONCLUSIONS: Influenza vaccination of children is associated with reduced sick leave in household adults, helping to keep the workforce healthy and reduce influenza's costly annual economic burden. This only occurred among adults with paid sick leave, however, which is distributed inequitably by income, education, gender, occupation, and race/ethnicity. Health in All Policies considers downstream health effects of social and economic policy; the failure of federal policy to ensure paid sick leave likely contributes to propagating influenza and health inequities.


Assuntos
Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Vacinação em Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Características da Família , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Pais , Licença Médica/economia , Licença Médica/tendências , Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Policy Anal Manage ; 37(1): 38-62, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29320809

RESUMO

The intent of Paid Family Leave (PFL) is to make it financially easier for individuals to take time off from paid work to care for children and seriously ill family members. Given the linkages between care provided by family members and the usage of paid services, we examine whether California's PFL program influenced nursing home utilization in California during the 1999 to 2008 period. This is the first empirical study to examine the effects of PFL on long-term care patterns. Multivariate difference-indifference estimates across alternative comparison groups provide consistent evidence that the implementation of PFL reduced the proportion of the elderly population in nursing homes by 0.5 to 0.7 percentage points. Our preferred estimate, employing an empirically-matched group of control states, finds that PFL reduced nursing home usage by about 0.65 percentage points. For California, this represents an 11 percent relative decline in elderly nursing home utilization.


Assuntos
Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Casas de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , California , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/tendências , Previsões , Assistência Domiciliar/economia , Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Domiciliar/tendências , Humanos , Casas de Saúde/tendências
3.
Clin Gerontol ; 40(5): 401-412, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28452638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Female caregivers often reduce time spent at work to care for aging family members, which precipitates financial hardship and other adverse outcomes. Little is known about psychosocial correlates of labor force participation (LFP) among female caregivers. The theory of planned behavior posits that social norms, attitudes, and perceived control predict intentions and volitional behaviors, but also that the compelling influence of situational variables undermines enactment of behaviors consistent with one's intentions. The objective of this study was to employ the theory of planned behavior to examine how psychosocial characteristics predict willingness to reduce LFP among prospective caregivers and actual LFP reduction among active caregivers. METHODS: Subsamples of 165 female prospective caregivers and 97 active female caregivers responded to a survey assessing filial beliefs and LFP. RESULTS: Filial obligation and caregiver preparedness predicted intentions to reduce LFP among prospective caregivers, but did not predict actual reduction in LFP in active caregivers. Weekly care demands exceeding 20 hours emerged as the sole correlate of LFP among active caregivers. CONCLUSIONS: Domains of the theory of planned behavior predict LFP intentions, but LFP decisions are subject to external pressures, specifically, time demands of the caregiving relationship. Prospective caregivers may benefit from proactive interventions aimed at reducing conflict between situational demands and filial beliefs.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Emprego , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude , Cuidadores/economia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Emprego/economia , Emprego/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Intenção , Relação entre Gerações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Psicológicos , Psicologia
4.
J Aging Soc Policy ; 28(2): 98-112, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26808617

RESUMO

This paper aims to (1) determine the rate of (full- and part-time) caregiver leave-taking in Spain, (2) identify the reasons conducive to a more intense use of this resource, and (3) ascertain the main obstacles to its use, as perceived by caregivers. All 896 people covered by the sample were engaging in paid work and had cared for dependent adults in the last 12 years. This resource, in particular the full-time alternative, was found to be a minority option. The data showed that legal, work-related, and family and gender norm issues are the four types of factors that determine the decision to take such leaves. The most significant obstacles to their use are the forfeiture of income and the risk of losing one's job. Our results suggest that income replacement during a leave would increase the take-up of these resources. Moreover, enlargement of public care services would promote the use of leave as a free choice of caregivers.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família , Motivação , Adulto , Cuidadores/economia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Emprego/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Percepção Social , Apoio Social , Espanha
5.
Gerontologist ; 56(3): 391-6, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25335873

RESUMO

Many family caregivers of older adults suffer from a high burden of care and struggle with the balance of jobs and caregiving tasks. However, the United States is the only developed country without paid sick leave policies for all workers and their families. The purpose of this article is to review the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and empirical studies about paid sick policy, propose policy recommendations, and provide a starting point for future research. The result has shown that the FMLA only applies to certain employees and the provided leave is unpaid under the act. Working women, Latinos, low-wage workers, and less-educated employees are less likely to access paid sick leave and family leave. Obviously, social injustice exists in the FMLA and paid sick leave policies. This article proposes that the Family and Medical Leave Act coverage should be expanded to protect all workers, especially for primary family caregivers of older adults, regardless of family relationships. Also, paid sick and family leave laws should be passed, and requirements to contribute to a family-friendly workplace added to relieve the growing burden of family caregiving of older adults. Policy recommendations including the exemplar of the San Francisco Paid Sick Leave Ordinance, and suggestions for more comprehensive policies are proposed for federal, state, or/and city legislation.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/economia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença Médica/economia , Adulto , Emprego , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Humanos , Política Pública , Salários e Benefícios , São Francisco , Licença Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Local de Trabalho
6.
BJOG ; 122(11): 1495-505, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26219352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the economic costs associated with moderate and late preterm birth. DESIGN: An economic study was nested within a prospective cohort study. SAMPLE: Infants born between 32(+0) and 36(+6)  weeks of gestation in the East Midlands of England. A sample of infants born at ≥37 weeks of gestation acted as controls. METHODS: Data on resource use, estimated from a National Health Service (NHS) and personal social services perspective, and separately from a societal perspective, were collected between birth and 24 months corrected age (or death), and valued in pounds sterling, at 2010-11 prices. Descriptive statistics and multivariable analyses were used to estimate the relationship between gestational age at birth and economic costs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cumulative resource use and economic costs over the first two years of life. RESULTS: Of all eligible births, 1146 (83%) preterm and 1258 (79%) term infants were recruited. Mean (standard error) total societal costs from birth to 24 months were £12 037 (£1114) and £5823 (£1232) for children born moderately preterm (32(+0) -33(+6)  weeks of gestation) and late preterm (34(+0) -36(+6)  weeks of gestation), respectively, compared with £2056 (£132) for children born at term. The mean societal cost difference between moderate and late preterm and term infants was £4657 (bootstrap 95% confidence interval, 95% CI £2513-6803; P < 0.001). Multivariable regressions revealed that, after controlling for clinical and sociodemographic characteristics, moderate and late preterm birth increased societal costs by £7583 (£874) and £1963 (£337), respectively, compared with birth at full term. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate and late preterm birth is associated with significantly increased economic costs over the first 2 years of life. Our economic estimates can be used to inform budgetary and service planning by clinical decision-makers, and economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing moderate and late preterm birth or alleviating its adverse consequences. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Moderate and late preterm birth is associated with increased economic costs over the first 2 years of life.


Assuntos
Idade Gestacional , Nascimento Prematuro/economia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/economia , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/economia , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação/economia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Womens Health Issues ; 25(3): 283-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25965156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The availability of paid sick days (PSD) is on the forefront of policy issues relating to women's health and well-being. Previous research regarding PSD and other forms of family-work balance legislation has linked access to paid time off from work for addressing one's own or another's health concerns to a range of health benefits for working women and their families. In general, public support for such policies is high, but little work has tested the extent to which support extends to PSD. Researchers have yet to engage in a rigorous statistical analysis of public opinion on PSD, including whether opinion varies by gender. METHODS: Using data from a 2013 poll of adults in New Jersey (n = 925), we bridged this research gap by conducting the first multivariate analysis of public attitudes toward PSD. RESULTS: As expected, we found markedly high levels of support for PSD across all respondents, with a preponderance of most sociodemographic categories supporting proposed PSD legislation in New Jersey. We also found that gender was a strong predictor of support for PSD, with women significantly (odds ratio, 1.916; p ≤ .01) more likely than men to be in favor of such legislation. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the implications of our findings for future work on PSD as well as for research concerning women, wellness, and work-life legislation more broadly.


Assuntos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Mulher , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/psicologia , Adulto , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , New Jersey , Opinião Pública , Política Pública , Salários e Benefícios , Fatores Sexuais , Licença Médica/economia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care ; 9(4): 289-307, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24295098

RESUMO

Canada's Compassionate Care Benefit (CCB), an employment insurance program designed to allow Canadian workers time off to care for a dying relative or friend, has had low uptake since its inception. Due to their role in working with family caregivers, social workers are one group of primary health care professionals who have been identified as benefiting from a knowledge translation campaign. Knowledge tools about the CCB have been developed through social worker input in a prior study. This article presents the findings of a qualitative exploratory intervention. Social workers (n = 8) utilized the tools for 6 months and discussed their experiences with them. Data analysis revealed references to time and space constraints in using to the tools, and demonstrated the impact of time geography on knowledge translation about the CCB. The results suggest that knowledge translation about the CCB could be targeted toward caregivers earlier on in the disease progression before the terminal diagnosis, and knowledge tools must be disseminated to more locations. These results may be valuable to policymakers and palliative care providers, as well as theorists interested in ongoing applications of time geography in knowledge translation and the consumption/production of care.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Cuidadores/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Família , Previdência Social/organização & administração , Assistência Terminal , Canadá , Cuidadores/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Previdência Social/economia , Previdência Social/legislação & jurisprudência , Serviço Social , Fatores de Tempo
10.
J Policy Anal Manage ; 32(2): 224-45, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23547324

RESUMO

This analysis uses March Current Population Survey data from 1999 to 2010 and a differences-in-differences approach to examine how California's first in the nation paid family leave (PFL) program affected leave-taking by mothers following childbirth, as well as subsequent labor market outcomes. We obtain robust evidence that the California program doubled the overall use of maternity leave, increasing it from an average of three to six weeks for new mothers--with some evidence of particularly large growth for less advantaged groups. We also provide evidence that PFL increased the usual weekly work hours of employed mothers of 1- to 3-year-old children by 10 to 17 percent and that their wage incomes may have risen by a similar amount.


Assuntos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença Parental/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos , California , Censos , Emprego/economia , Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Previsões , Política de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Renda/tendências , Recém-Nascido , Inovação Organizacional , Licença Parental/economia , Licença Parental/legislação & jurisprudência , Cuidado Pós-Natal/economia , Cuidado Pós-Natal/legislação & jurisprudência , Cuidado Pós-Natal/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
J Intellect Disabil Res ; 54(10): 918-28, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20796162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The employment impact and financial burden experienced by families of children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) has not been quantified in the USA. METHOD: Using a national fragile X family survey, we analysed data on 1019 families with at least one child who had a full FXS mutation. Out-of-pocket expenditures related to fragile X were reported. We used logistic regression to examine the role of insurance, number of affected children, and number of total co-occurring conditions in predicting the financial burden and employment impact of FXS, while adjusting for race, education, marital status and other sociodemographic predictors. RESULTS: Almost half of families affected by FXS reported that they had experienced an increased financial burden and nearly 60% stated that they had had to change work hours or stop work because of FXS. Families with health insurance that met family needs were significantly less likely to report an excess financial burden. The type of insurance (private or public) was not associated with the reported financial burden. Affected children's mutation status, especially male children with the full mutation, was associated with employment impact. The total number of co-occurring conditions was associated with both financial burden and employment impact. CONCLUSIONS: Families affected by FXS experienced a significant employment impact and financial burden. Policies designed to help families with FXS need to take into consideration the dimension of co-occurring conditions.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/economia , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Saúde da Família , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Seguro Saúde/economia , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Can J Public Health ; 101 Suppl 1: S9-15, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20629441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Two thirds of Canadian adults participate in the workforce. Their health and that of their families can be markedly affected by the availability of paid sick leave, paid leave to care for family members' health and paid parental leave. METHODS: We gathered data from all Canadian provinces and territories on these essential leave policies and compared Canadian policies with data collected on 186 United Nations (UN) countries. RESULTS: While Canada pays sickness benefits for 15 weeks for serious illnesses, globally at least 90 countries provide benefits for at least 26 weeks or until recovery. Moreover, within Canada only Saskatchewan and Quebec guarantee job protection if sick leave lasts over 12 days. The federal government guarantees Canadian workers six weeks of paid leave to provide care or support to gravely ill family members. Only 39 countries guarantee such leave with pay. Most, but not all, provinces guarantee workers' job protection during compassionate care leave. Eligibility for job protection during parental leave varies across the country from having no restrictions to requiring at least one year of service. CONCLUSION: Compared with Canada, many countries offer a longer duration of paid sick leave for employees and replace a higher percentage of wages lost. Internationally, Canada performs well in having policies that guarantee paid leave to care for dependants with serious illnesses, but it lags behind in the provision of paid leave to address the health needs of children or family members' with non-life-threatening conditions. Finally, while paid parental leave is of adequate duration, the wage replacement rate lowers its accessibility to families with limited means.


Assuntos
Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Cobertura do Seguro/organização & administração , Internacionalidade , Licença Médica/economia , Canadá , Bases de Dados Factuais , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro/legislação & jurisprudência , Política Pública , Licença Médica/legislação & jurisprudência
14.
AAOHN J ; 57(6): 239-50; quiz 251-2, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19552339

RESUMO

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) was enacted in 1993 to balance the demands of the workplace with the needs of families. Balancing work and family responsibilities will affect most workers as they experience their own serious illness or care for a child or a parent. The FMLA continues to present challenges regarding medical certifications, recordkeeping, intermittent leave management, and lack of understanding by employees and employers about rights and responsibilities under the law. This article discusses the rights and responsibilities of both parties. It also discusses how the occupational and environmental health nurse can bridge the gap between meeting the needs of the employee and those of the employer by serving as educator, advocate, and liaison/collaborator, leading to measurable cost savings for the employer and immeasurable benefits for the employee.


Assuntos
Emprego/organização & administração , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Enfermagem do Trabalho/organização & administração , Saúde do Trabalhador/legislação & jurisprudência , Certificação , Comportamento Cooperativo , Redução de Custos , Documentação , Definição da Elegibilidade , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Defesa do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Estados Unidos
15.
AAOHN J ; 56(5): 207-14; quiz 215-6, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18578187

RESUMO

Intermittent unscheduled absenteeism often challenges employers to meet the needs of their employees, control direct absenteeism costs, and maintain the staff needed to serve customers. Occupational health nurses have opportunities to play an important role in addressing this challenge. Measurable financial impacts have been demonstrated from integrating the management of intermittent FMLA leave with an employer's existing absence management program.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Enfermagem do Trabalho/organização & administração , Algoritmos , Controle de Custos , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Coleta de Dados , Árvores de Decisões , Documentação , Eficiência Organizacional , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Regulamentação Governamental , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa em Administração de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/organização & administração , Cultura Organizacional , Política Organizacional , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
16.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 26(4): 1096-103, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17630452

RESUMO

Approximately 13-15 percent of U.S. children have special health care needs. The demands of their caregiving can affect their parents' health and workplace performance. We interviewed forty-one U.S. employers and conducted focus groups with working parents in four U.S. cities to determine the extent to which employers understand the needs of these families and to identify opportunities for improving workplace benefits for these employees beyond health insurance. Employers saw value in improving workforce performance and employee retention through expanded benefits and indicated promising opportunities to improve their response to the needs of employees with children with chronic conditions.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/economia , Crianças com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Família , Planos de Assistência de Saúde para Empregados , Assistência Domiciliar/economia , Boston , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Cuidado da Criança/economia , Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Florida , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/métodos , Ohio , Política Organizacional , Setor Privado/estatística & dados numéricos , Setor Público/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Saúde da População Urbana , Washington
17.
J Aging Soc Policy ; 18(3-4): 79-93, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17135096

RESUMO

The Family and Medical Leave Act provides unpaid leave but a key component is its intergenerational structure, permitting employees to take time off from work to care for an infant as well as an ill elderly parent. However, in an effort to provide paid leave, 23 of 28 states dropped the elder care provision in new initiatives introduced between 2000 and 2003. This article argues that in reforming leave policy in the future, the leave should be paid, remain intergenerational, cover more workers, and be adaptable to changing family patterns in an aging society. Also discussed is California's paid leave law, which meets these criteria.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Família , Assistência de Longa Duração/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência de Longa Duração/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Cuidadores/economia , Cuidadores/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Governo Federal , Humanos , Relação entre Gerações , Assistência de Longa Duração/economia , Salários e Benefícios/legislação & jurisprudência , Governo Estadual , Estados Unidos
18.
J Aging Soc Policy ; 18(3-4): 115-25, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17135098

RESUMO

This article examines the intersection of family caregiving, work, and long-term care. Supporting families who provide care in order to minimize negative work effects while enhancing the acceptability of care options is of common concern to employers, state and federal policymakers, and the homecare professionals in the community-based care system. The contribution of families to the long-term care system, how employer policies have developed, how the public policy agenda has addressed family caregiving, and the importance of a more effective partnership on the state level are discussed.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cuidadores/economia , Emprego/economia , Família , Assistência de Longa Duração/economia , Salários e Benefícios , Cuidadores/legislação & jurisprudência , Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/economia , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração/legislação & jurisprudência , Política Pública , Governo Estadual , Estados Unidos
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