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2.
J Dent Educ ; 84(1): 13-21, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977095

RESUMO

This Point/Counterpoint article examines the idea of instituting term limits for dental school deans. Viewpoint 1 supports the use of term limits for dental school deans. According to evidence presented in this viewpoint, setting term limits for deans would foster new leadership development and utilization of skills, increase accountability and effectiveness, and promote diversity. Viewpoint 2 opposes the use of term limits for dental school deans. This viewpoint provides evidence about a steep learning curve for new deans, the need for leadership stability, potential loss of networking relationships, and the high cost of recruiting new deans.


Assuntos
Liderança , Faculdades de Odontologia , Estados Unidos
3.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 63-65, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977943

RESUMO

The 2019 Association for Leadership Science in Nursing International Conference, Disruptive Innovation, was held in Los Angeles, California, with attendees from 30 US states, Canada, Brazil, and China. Presenters discussed the need for nurse leaders to advocate for health equity, lead evidence-based innovation, how robots and other technology are generating disruptive innovations in healthcare, and building strong academic-practice partnerships to address nursing workforce challenges. This article will report on these important insights.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Equidade em Saúde/organização & administração , Invenções , Enfermeiras Administradoras/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Inovação Organizacional , Brasil , Canadá , China , Humanos , Liderança , Estados Unidos
4.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 95-103, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to investigate a charge nurse pilot training program as an effective, evidence-based training modality to improve leadership style and resiliency. BACKGROUND: Leadership is inherent and necessary in the charge nurse role. Little published research about charge nurse leadership training programs exists. METHODS: A pre-post design, with intervention and comparison groups, was conducted at an integrated healthcare system. A random sample of charge nurses was selected to pilot a standardized charge nurse leadership training program including in-person learning to foster leadership skills and nurture resiliency. RESULTS: The sample included 19 control participants and 22 intervention participants. Significant improvement was noted in transformational, transactional, leadership outcomes, and resiliency from preintervention to postintervention for the all subjects. Of the 22 intervention participants, the training elicited higher satisfaction with leadership behavior, followed by effectiveness and their ability to motivate. Charge nurses who attended training had higher resiliency scores pre-post intervention. CONCLUSION: The charge nurse pilot training was an effective program that led to improved leadership style and resiliency.


Assuntos
Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras/educação , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Supervisão de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 433e-437e, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women now constitute 40.5 percent of integrated plastic surgery residents; however, in 2007, women represented only 11.3 percent of the leadership positions in plastic surgery societies and journal editorial boards. The authors analyzed female representation in these societies and editorial boards over the past 10 years. METHODS: Names of board members from the major plastic surgery societies (American Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Plastic Surgery Foundation, and American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, among others) for the past 10 years and the major plastic journals (Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, and so on) from the past 5 years were extracted from their websites. The yearly percentage of female plastic surgery residents was obtained from Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education published data. The proportions of women in society leadership, editorial boards, and residency were compared with data analyses of time series trend and linear and Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average time series modeling. RESULTS: Over the past 10 years, the percentage of female residents has grown steadily, from 21.84 percent to 37.31 percent. Similarly, female representation in society leadership has grown from 6.78 percent to 20.29 percent. Both growth coefficients were statistically significant and showed no statistical difference between the two. In contrast, editorial board leadership over the past 5 years showed statistically insignificant growth and showed a statistically significant difference when compared to the growth of the percentage of female residents and female representation in society leadership. CONCLUSION: Female representation in plastic surgery society leadership shows promising growth, whereas their representation on editorial boards showed significantly less growth, which may reflect the slower turnover on these boards.


Assuntos
Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Masculino , Editoração , Distribuição por Sexo , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos
11.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 576-584, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate that social media are used by plastic surgeons to educate and engage. The hashtag #PlasticSurgery has been studied previously and is embraced by American plastic surgeons and journals; however, no studies have examined its use or adoption across Europe. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 800 tweets containing the words "plastic surgery" or the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in four of the most spoken European languages worldwide excluding English (Spanish, #CirugiaPlastica; French, #ChirurgiePlastique; Portuguese, #CirurgiaPlastica; and German, #PlastischeChirurgie) was performed. The following were assessed: identity of author, subject matter, use of the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in each language, whether posts by surgeons and academic institutions were self-promotional or educational, and whether a link to a journal article or a reference in PubMed was provided. RESULTS: Seventeen percent and 3 percent of analyzed tweets came from plastic surgeons or academic institutions, respectively; only 17.5 percent of them were for educational purpose. None of them had any digital link to a peer-reviewed article or a scientific journal. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the low participation of plastic surgeons and academic institutions in social media (especially for education) in four of the major world languages. Social media should be considered in Europe as an opportunity to increase leadership, improve education, and spread knowledge of plastic surgery by board-certified plastic surgeons.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Liderança , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Linguagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Terminologia como Assunto
13.
J Surg Res ; 246: 305-314, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-duration exploration missions (LDEMs), such as voyages to Mars, will present unique medical challenges for astronaut crews, including communication delays and the inability to return to Earth early. Medical events threaten crewmember lives and increase the risk of mission failure. Managing a range of potential medical events will require excellent technical and nontechnical skills (NTSs). We sought to identify medical events with potential for rescue, range them according to the potential impact on crew health and mission success during LDEMs, and develop a list of NTSs to train for management of in-flight medical events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight subject matter experts with specializations in surgery, medicine, trauma, spaceflight operations, NTS training, simulation, human factors, and organizational psychology completed online surveys followed by a 2-d in-person workshop. They identified and rated medical events for survivability, mission impact, and impact of crewmember NTSs on outcomes in space. RESULTS: Sudden cardiac arrest, smoke inhalation, toxic exposure, seizure, and penetrating eye injury emerged as events with the highest potential mission impact, greatest potential for survival, and that required excellent NTS for successful management. Key NTS identified to target in training included information exchange, supporting behavior, communication delivery, and team leadership/followership. CONCLUSIONS: With a planned Mars mission on the horizon, training countermeasures need to be developed in the next 3-5 y. These results may inform policy, selection, medical system design, and training scenarios for astronauts to manage in-flight medical events on LDEMs. Findings may extend to surgical and medical care in any rural and remote location.


Assuntos
Astronautas/educação , Marte , Voo Espacial/métodos , Sobrevivência , Astronautas/psicologia , Consenso , Morte Súbita Cardíaca , Ferimentos Oculares Penetrantes/terapia , Humanos , Liderança , Convulsões/terapia , Lesão por Inalação de Fumaça/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 10-15, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860478

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of 14 novice nurse faculty of a 20-month experiential leadership academy on the leadership development. BACKGROUND: Managing the complexities of nursing faculty roles requires significant leadership skills that often are hard won. Evidence suggests that leadership preparation to prepare nursing faculty through guided mentoring can enhance faculty recruitment, satisfaction, and retention. METHOD: Participants completed open-ended questions about their experiences in Sigma Theta Tau International's Nurse Faculty Leadership Academy. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed a meta-theme of "Finding Authentic Leadership Voice." Four subthemes emerged to shape the meta-theme: Identifying Inner Strengths and Areas for Improvement, Increasing Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness, Increasing Focus on Others, and Clarifying Aspirations for a Leadership Future. CONCLUSION: Reflecting on their experiences, participants recognized changes in their leadership roles as they found an authentic voice that helped them persist and thrive amid the complexities of their faculty roles.


Assuntos
Liderança , Tutoria , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Docentes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Mentores
15.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 30-32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860482

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study was to review education and role preparation in US direct-entry graduate nursing programs. BACKGROUND: In the last 15 years, there has been an increase in nursing programs targeting college graduates with nonnurse degrees. Educational pathways, role preparation, and doctoral study options vary. METHOD: A literature search was conducted. A secondary search of direct-entry graduate nursing programs was performed using electronic databases, including academic nursing sources and university websites. RESULTS: Forty-three journal articles were located. The secondary search identified 42 direct-entry graduate nursing programs. The majority of programs emphasize role preparation for clinical nurse leadership and advanced practice registered nursing (APRN) certification; 62 percent require doctoral preparation for entry to APRN practice. CONCLUSION: The growth of direct-entry graduate nursing programs will require educators to prepare and evaluate student outcomes to ensure competent entry to practice.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Liderança , Certificação , Humanos , Estados Unidos
16.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 57-58, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860492

RESUMO

Considered the norm in multiple academic settings, simulation provided a low-risk, transformational clinical learning environment across programs at a college of nursing. Undergraduate nursing students received feedback from practicing nurses, whereas graduate nursing students honed skills in evaluative feedback and communication. This intraprofessional learning opportunity cultivated a rich learning environment. Feedback revealed that the learning milieu was permeated with opportunities needed for skills, competencies, and leadership development. Focusing on the concept of root cause analysis, this experience provided nurse administration students with hands-on exposure that would ultimately lead to developing competencies needed for roles in nursing leadership.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Análise de Causa Fundamental , Treinamento por Simulação , Humanos , Liderança , Estudantes de Enfermagem
17.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 61-62, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860494

RESUMO

Lack of clinical sites and disparate experiences contribute to the challenge for RN-to-BS nursing programs to provide sufficient leadership and quality improvement opportunities. A virtual clinical learning experience using WordPress was developed as a faculty-graduate student think tank project and implemented in an RN-BS hybrid nursing leadership course. The unfolding case study created an interactive experience to portray use of systems thinking and transformational leadership. Mann-Whitney U analysis identified no significant difference in learning outcomes. The low-cost, easy-to-develop technology counteracted limited clinical sites, allowing for learning on the go with equivalent learning outcomes.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Interface Usuário-Computador , Educação em Enfermagem , Humanos , Liderança
18.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 63-64, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860495

RESUMO

Undergraduate didactic nursing leadership courses lack experiential opportunities to address working with culturally diverse populations. The authors used Bafa Bafa©, a cross-cultural low-fidelity simulation, to further develop critical thinking and emotional intelligence skills in prelicensure nursing students. This article describes the authors' experiences of integrating this innovative teaching strategy in the classroom to increase cultural awareness. The students' discovery of unexpected feelings, thoughts, and perceptions has the potential to extend beyond the simulated experience when coupled with faculty reinforcement of engaging in self-reflective practice as a professional nurse.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Treinamento por Simulação , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Competência Cultural , Inteligência Emocional , Humanos , Liderança , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
19.
J Oncol Pharm Pract ; 26(1): 175-186, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554471

RESUMO

Gender disparity exists in leadership roles within healthcare. While the majority of the healthcare workforce is comprised of women, significantly fewer women occupy leadership positions, particularly at executive and board levels. As the field of oncology pharmacy continues to rapidly expand and evolve, an assessment of the current state of women in oncology pharmacy leadership roles is vital to the growth and development of the profession. In the fall of 2017, the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA) hosted a summit to explore leadership issues facing women in oncology pharmacy which have the potential to affect our membership and our profession. This meeting included invited participants from across the fields of oncology and pharmacy and was part of HOPA's strategic leadership initiative developed through the work of the HOPA Leadership Development Committee in 2016. This promotes a primary goal of HOPA, which is to support oncology pharmacists as they assume leadership roles within their practices and within healthcare to assure oncology pharmacy is integrated into cancer care. The purpose of this white paper is to (1) summarize key issues that were identified through a membership survey; (2) review ongoing efforts to address the needs of female oncology pharmacists in leadership development; (3) serve as a call to action for individuals and professional organizations to assist with and disseminate these efforts and highlight available resources, and (4) to provide practical steps to meet the needs of individuals, training programs, and institutions/employers.


Assuntos
Liderança , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Farmacêuticos/tendências , Farmácia/tendências , Sexismo/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Assistência Farmacêutica/tendências , Farmácia/métodos , Sexismo/prevenção & controle
20.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047812

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a percepção da equipe de enfermagem sobre a função do gerente de enfermagem hospitalar, e como essa interfere na qualidade da assistência prestada pela equipe. Método: pesquisa descritiva e exploratória, de abordagem qualitativa dos dados, realizado com 20 profissionais de Enfermagem. Para análise dos resultados, utilizou-se o método do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados: o pensamento coletivo foi agrupado em 04 classes: A função burocrática associada a gerência e as relações gerente-equipe de enfermagem; Competências percebidas pela equipe de enfermagem para o trabalho do gerente de Enfermagem; Desafios na função do gerente de enfermagem percebidos pela equipe de enfermagem; A influência do gerente de enfermagem na qualidade e na assistência prestada ao cliente. Conclusão: a atividade do gerente de enfermagem é extremamente burocrática, e vista pela equipe de Enfermagem como hierarquizada, contribuindo para distanciar o gerente do convívio com a equipe


Objective: to analyze the perception of the nursing team about the role of the hospital nursing manager, and how this interferes with the quality of care provided by the team. Methods: descriptive and exploratory research, qualitative approach of the data, performed with 20 Nursing professionals. For the analysis of the results, the Collective Subject Discourse method was used. Results: collective thinking was grouped in 04 classes: The bureaucratic function associated with management and the manager-nursing team relations; Skills perceived by the nursing team for the work of the Nursing manager; Challenges in the nursing manager's role perceived by the nursing team; The influence of the nursing manager on the quality and the assistance provided to the client. Conclusion: the activity of the nursing manager is extremely bureaucratic, and seen by the Nursing team as hierarchical, contributing to distance the manager from the conviviality with the team. Descriptors: Nursing; Nursing team; Hospital administration


Objetivo: analizar la percepción del equipo de enfermería sobre el papel de gestor de enfermería en el hospital, y cómo esto afecta a la calidad de la atención prestada por el personal. Métodos: estudio descriptivo y exploratorio de abordaje cualitativo, realizado con 20 profesionales de enfermería. Para el análisis de los datos, se utilizó el método del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Resultados: el pensamiento de grupo se agrupan en 04 clases: la función burocrática asociada con la administración y gestión de relaciones con el personal de enfermería; Habilidades percibidas por el equipo de enfermería para el trabajo del administrador de enfermería; Desafíos en la función del gestor de enfermería percibida por el personal de enfermería; La influencia del gerente de enfermería en la calidad y servicio prestado al cliente. Conclusión: la actividad del administrador de enfermería es muy burocrático y visto por el personal de enfermería como jerárquica, ayudando a distanciar al gestor de interacción con el personal. Descriptores: Enfermería; Grupo de enfermería; Administración hospitalaria


Assuntos
Humanos , Administração Hospitalar , Liderança , Equipe de Enfermagem , Brasil
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