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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 753, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the clinical outcome and level of post-operative pain are important factors. To date there have been no studies evaluating differences in post-operative pain between single bundle and double bundle ACL reconstruction with a hamstring graft. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: We hypothesized that post-operative pain in single bundle ACL reconstruction would be less than in double bundle ACL reconstruction. This study was to compare post-operative pain between patients undergoing single bundle versus double bundle ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: This was a retrospective study comparing post-operative pain scores between single bundle and double bundle ACL reconstruction. Each patient was given our standard regimen of oral diclofenac (25 mg/tab) three times per day and paracetamol (500 mg/tab) six times per day for 1 day post-operatively. If the patient complained of moderate to severe pain (pain numeric rating scale (PNRS) > 3), 3 mg of morphine was injected intravenously every 3 h for 24 h and 1 mg of morphine as a rescue medication every 1 h for 24 h. PNRS and morphine consumption were recorded at 4-h intervals for 24 h. RESULTS: 209 patients were included in this study of whom 102 and 107 patients received single bundle and double bundle ACL reconstruction, respectively. The average post-operative pain scores of the single bundle group were lower at all time points. Linear mixed effect regression analyses showed that the single bungle group had lower post-operative pain than the double bundle group after adjusting for confounders (beta = - 0.45; 95% CI = - 0.838, - 0.062) but there was no statistically significant difference between numbers of bundle ACL reconstruction with regard to morphine consumption. CONCLUSION: Single bundle ACL reconstruction had significantly lower post-operative pain scores than double bundle ACL reconstruction. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Double bundle ACL reconstruction results in higher post-operative pain, which may slow the start of rehabilitation and reduce patient satisfaction. In middle-aged adult patients with low-demand activities, we suggest performing a single bundle ACL reconstruction.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Arthroscopy ; 37(9): 2858-2859, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481626

RESUMO

The average revision rate is between 3.2% and 11.1%following primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions,1 and an objective failure rate of 13.7% has been reported for revision ACLR.2 Prior implants, positioning of tunnels, and muscle weakness from the prior reconstruction present challenges. Additionally, graft choice for the revision reconstruction is restricted, depending on the primary reconstruction. Revision ACL reconstruction with the all-soft tissue quadriceps tendon autograft is a viable option with 83.3% of the patients surpassing the minimally clinically significant difference for International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, which is similar to outcomes for revision ACL reconstruction (ACLR) using bone-patella-bone and hamstring tendon autografts. Furthermore, objective strength data suggest that it is possible to achieve equal limb symmetry index strength ratios even in the setting of prior bone-patella tendon-bone autograft. However, although I am cautiously optimistic regarding soft tissue quadriceps autograft in revision ACLR, I would be hesitant to recommend it for all comers. In my experience, young high school/collegiate female athletes with primary reconstruction using BPTB autograft may not be able to tolerate a secondary insult to the extensor mechanism via quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft harvest, where hematoma and arthrofibrosis could be concerns. Furthermore, increased posterior tibial slope may require evaluation and treatment, and the addition of a lateral extra-articular tenodesis may reduce residual rotatory laxity in ACL revision patients.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Tendões dos Músculos Isquiotibiais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Autoenxertos , Feminino , Humanos , Transplante Autólogo
3.
Arthroscopy ; 37(9): 2901-2902, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481629

RESUMO

Recent research reports impressive patient-reported and objective stability outcomes after triple-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring autograft. However, the results are similar to those reported in the orthopaedic literature for single-bundle ACL reconstruction. If the triple-bundle technique does not reduce graft failure rates, and bearing in mind that it is more complex, more expensive, and more difficult to revise, then an anatomically-positioned single-bundle ACL reconstruction makes more sense. If the data supporting double-bundle ACL reconstruction is inconclusive, then why add a third bundle?


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Transplante Autólogo
4.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 88(4): 266-272, 2021.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534056

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of this study is to show new possibilities for the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries. For many years, the long-established rules have been followed. However, throughout history, treatment strategies have been gradually modified. The advent of new modern technologies now makes it possible to perform reconstructive procedures already in the acute phase, and thus shorten the treatment time significantly. MATERIAL AND METHODS 85 patients were followed after an acute knee injury with an isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) lesion. There were 51 men and 34 women with the average age of 32 years. All patients underwent an acute knee arthroscopy with subsequent ACL reconstruction according to the type of lesion. The results were evaluated according to the clinical examination, Lysholm and Tegner activity scores. We compared 2 surgical techniques (Internal Brace, All-Inside ACL reconstruction) and assessed the possible occurrence of complications. RESULTS The injury was most often observed in patients aged 20-40 years, when mainly sports activities put a major strain on the knee joint. After performing ACL reconstruction, all patients reported a subjective improvement in the overall condition. The number of complications was very low - only in connection with a slower warm-up of the knee joint after surgery. DISCUSSION All patients achieved full stabilization of the knee joint, which is objectified by an increase in the Lysholm score. The improvement in patient's subjective feelings is also confirmed by the increase in Tegner activity scores. Only a few patients experienced a slight restriction of movement in the 8th week after surgery, but thanks to intensive rehabilitation the function of the knee joint was completely restored within 3 months of the operation. CONCLUSIONS Our study proves that if the set rules are followed, it is possible to perform the ACL reconstruction already in the acute phase. However, in order to choose this approach, the patient's motivation, gently performed procedure and early intensive rehabilitation are necessary. When meeting these criteria, the patient is able to return to normal life, including sports activities, quite early and there is no increased risk of complications. Key words: Internal Brace, ACL reconstruction, arthroscopy, early, rehabilitation, All-Inside.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arthroscopy ; 37(8): 2542-2544, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353559

RESUMO

Well-designed studies add to our understanding of the anatomy, biology, biomechanics, and outcomes of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) following injury. Despite improvements in ACL treatment, we are still unable to exactly restore the individually unique function of the native ACL due to the complexity of knee physiology. The ACL is a dynamic structure with a rich neurovascular supply, distinct bundles, and 3-dimensional architecture that function in synergy with the bony morphology to facilitate healthy knee kinematics. Furthermore, the ACL exhibits a wide range of natural, anatomic variation. Since anatomic ACL reconstruction has been defined as functional restoration of the ACL to its native dimensions and collagen orientation, in addition to restoring the native footprint, it is important to restore the native size of the ACL, as the size of the tibial insertion site can vary by a factor of 3 from patient to patient. Moreover, variations in ACL soft tissue reflect differences in bony morphology. Bony morphology influences the static and dynamic biomechanics of the knee. Several bony morphologic factors influence the outcomes following ACL reconstruction, including posterior tibial slope, femoral condylar offset ratio, and notch shape. Morphologic differences that reflect pathologic states, such as the lateral notch sign and posterolateral plateau fracture, have been shown to be associated with greater grade instability. To respect the unique nature of each patient during surgical treatment, it is necessary to perform an individualized, anatomic, and value-based ACL reconstruction.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia
8.
Arthroscopy ; 37(8): 2564-2566, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353560

RESUMO

Tunnel widening (TW) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been a research area of interest in ACL reconstruction. It has been demonstrated that femoral tunnels enlarge anteriorly and distally (ie, the direction where the mechanical traction force of the graft works) rather than concentrically after anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction using hamstring autografts. This finding suggests that the wall supporting the graft moves closer to the direction of the pull, leading to increased laxity of the knee joint due to TW. The causes of TW are presumed to be multifactorial, with both biological and mechanical features. Biological factors include osteolytic cytokines that enter the space between the graft and the bone through the synovial fluid. Mechanical factors include longitudinal graft motion by extracortical femoral fixation (known as the bungee effect), transverse graft motion (also called the windshield-wiper effect), improper graft placement, higher initial graft tension, accelerated rehabilitation, and so on. Although TW does not seem to affect short-term clinical outcomes from studies published to date, it is plausible to speculate that the expansion of the bone tunnel (ie, the edge where the graft tendon is fixed) would theoretically increase joint laxity to some extent, and it would be premature to conclude that TW has no effect on clinical outcomes relative to graft-tunnel micromotion. In addition, there is a general consensus that the presence of expanded tunnels often severely complicates revision ACL reconstruction. In ACL reconstruction using the hamstring tendon, it is necessary to take into account the possibility of a shift in the tunnel position when determining the location of the femoral tunnel.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Tendões
9.
Arthroscopy ; 37(8): 2589-2590, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353562

RESUMO

Increased tibial slope is associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in the skeletally immature. Recent studies, however, emphasize a mutual influence, as tibial slope has been shown to increase over time in the ACL-deficient skeletally immature knee. It is hypothesized that altered biomechanics with enhanced posterior force transmission in the ACL-deficient knee may influence the developing physis, leading to altered longitudinal growth and increased tibial slope. In addition to tibial slope, the meniscal geometry, including meniscal bone angle and meniscal slope, have been shown to influence the risk of ACL injury. In the skeletally immature knee, especially, the soft tissue geometry is thought to have significant impact on ACL injury risk. However, it remains unknown whether alteration of the meniscal slope may represent a causality of ACL deficiency.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia
10.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(11): 2889-2897, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies have demonstrated significant advantages of combined anterior cruciate ligament and anterolateral ligament reconstruction (ACL+ALLR) over isolated ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with respect to reduced graft rupture rates, a lower risk of reoperation for secondary meniscectomy, improved knee stability, and higher rates of return to sports. However, no long-term studies exist. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of isolated ACLR versus ACL+ALLR at long-term follow-up. The hypothesis was that patients who underwent combined procedures would experience significantly lower rates of graft rupture. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Patients undergoing primary ACL+ALLR between January 2011 and March 2012 were propensity matched in a 1:1 ratio to patients who underwent isolated ACLR during the same period. A combination of face-to-face and telemedicine postoperative follow-up was undertaken. At the end of the study period (March 2020), medical notes and a final telemedicine interview were used to determine whether patients had experienced any complications or reoperations. The Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, International Knee Documentation Committee score, Lysholm score, and Tegner score were collected for all patients. Graft survivorship was assessed using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Logistic regression was performed to account for the potential effect of activity level on graft rupture rates. RESULTS: A total of 86 matched pairs were included in the study. The mean ± SD age was 32.2 ± 8.8 years (range, 22-67 years) in the ACL+ALLR group and 34.7 ± 8.5 years (range, 21-61 years) in the isolated ACLR group. The mean duration of follow-up was 104.33 ± 3.74 months (range, 97-111 months). Patients who underwent combined ACL+ALLR versus isolated ACLR experienced significantly better ACL graft survivorship (96.5% vs 82.6%, respectively; P = .0027), lower overall rates of reoperation (15.3% vs 32.6%; P < .05), and lower rates of revision ACLR (3.5% vs 17.4%; P < .05). Patients undergoing isolated ACLR were at >5-fold greater risk of graft rupture (odds ratio, 5.549; 95% CI, 1.431-21.511; P = .0132), regardless of their preinjury activity level. There were no significant differences between groups with respect to other complications or any clinically important differences in patient-reported outcome measures. CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent combined ACL+ALLR experienced significantly better long-term ACL graft survivorship, lower overall rates of reoperation, and no increase in complications compared with patients who underwent isolated ACLR. Further, patients who underwent isolated ACLR had a >5-fold increased risk of undergoing revision surgery at a mean follow-up of 104.3 months.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adulto , Idoso , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(9): 2371-2378, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence, mainly from animal models, suggests that exercise during periods of pubertal growth can produce a hypertrophied anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and improve its mechanical properties. In humans, the only evidence of ACL hypertrophy comes from a small cross-sectional study of elite weight lifters and control participants; that study had methodological weaknesses and, thus, more evidence is needed. PURPOSE: To investigate bilateral differences in the ACL cross-sectional area (CSA) for evidence of unilateral hypertrophy in athletes who have habitually loaded 1 leg more than the other. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: We recruited 52 figure skaters and springboard divers (46 female and 6 male; mean age, 20.2 ± 2.7 years) because the former always land/jump on the same leg while the latter always drive the same leg into the board during their hurdle approach. Sport training for all participants began before puberty and continued throughout as well as after. Using oblique axial- and oblique sagittal-plane magnetic resonance imaging, we measured the ACL CSA and the anteroposterior diameter of the patellar tendon, respectively. In addition, isometric and isokinetic knee extensor and flexor peak torques were acquired using a dynamometer. Bilateral differences in the ACL CSA, patellar tendon diameter, and knee muscle strength were evaluated via 2-sided paired-samples t tests. Correlations between the bilateral difference in the ACL CSA and age of training onset as well as between the bilateral difference in the ACL CSA and years of training were also examined. RESULTS: A significantly larger ACL CSA (mean difference, 4.9% ± 14.0%; P = .041), as well as patellar tendon diameter (mean difference, 4.7% ± 9.4%; P = .002), was found in the landing/drive leg than in the contralateral leg. The bilateral difference in the ACL CSA, however, was not associated with the age of training onset or years of training. Last, the isometric knee flexor peak torque was significantly greater in the landing/drive leg than the contralateral leg (mean difference, 14.5% ± 33.8%; P = .019). CONCLUSION: Athletes who habitually loaded 1 leg more than the other before, during, and after puberty exhibited significant unilateral ACL hypertrophy. This study suggests that the ACL may be able to be "trained" in athletes. If done correctly, it could help lower the risk for ACL injuries.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adolescente , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Atletas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
Arthroscopy ; 37(7): 2029-2030, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225996

RESUMO

Improved understanding of the biomechanical significance and clinical repercussions of tibial slope on cruciate ligament function has sparked a newfound clinical interest in this morphological feature. Using either magnetic resonance imaging or lateral tibia radiographs, the anterior-posterior angulation of the tibial plateau relative to the tibial shaft can be measured. Clinical and biomechanical studies have reported that increased posterior tibial slope (PTS) places significantly increased tension on the native and reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), leading to an increased risk of failure. It has also been suggested that increased PTS of the lateral tibial plateau has a greater impact on ACL forces and anterior tibial translation than PTS of the medial tibial plateau. Conversely, a decreased PTS has been shown to be a risk factor for recurvatum deformity, posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury, and posterior tibial translation and has been linked to single bundle PCL reconstruction failure. In the setting of ACL insufficiency with a PTS greater than 12°, anterior closing wedge osteotomy has been shown to be protective for ACL reconstructions. Alternatively, some surgeons have advocated for the addition of lateral extraarticular stabilization procedures in the setting of increased PTS. Further, in the setting of PCL insufficiency with an anteriorly directed, or flat, PTS, anterior opening wedge osteotomy has shown encouraging results. In addition, double bundle PCL reconstructions should be strongly considered in the setting of anteriorly directed, or flat, tibial slope.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/cirurgia , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia
15.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(7): 628-35, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the three-approach and traditional anterior medial technique to establish the femoral tunnel of position, length, and coronal angle and the early efficacy of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Through retrospective research, from December 2018 to June 2019, a total of 36 patients diagnosed with simple anterior cruciate ligament tear and undergoing surgery were collected. All patients had a clear history of knee sprains and were divided into two groups. A group of 16 patients, including 11 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.13±6.54) years and an injury time of 7 to 60 (30.19±15.78) days, three-approach technique was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. Another group of 20patients, including 15 males and 5 females, with an average age of (30.80±8.60) years, and an injury time of 7 to 60 (27.35±15.50) days, the traditional anterior medial approach was used to drill the femoral tunnel to reconstruct anterior cruciate ligament. CT 3D reconstruction technique was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel and the knee joint function was evaluated by Lysholm score of the knee joint. RESULTS: All patients achieved primary healing after the surgical incision. No femoral tunnel fracture, vascular and nerve damage, difficulty in graft passage during the operation, and venous thrombosis occurred. All 36 patients were followed up on an outpatient basis, with a follow up period of 9 to 15 (12.00±2.83) months. Three-dimensional CT reconstruction was used to evaluate the femoral tunnel of the patients. The position of the femoral tunnel was described using the quartile method as the three-approach group:the lower (27.83±1.97) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (25.57±3.20) %;the traditional approach group:the lower (28.38±3.21) % of the femoral condyle and the posterior (26.23±3.20) %. Bone tunnel length, three-approach group:(35.20±5.52) mm in total length, (23.20±2.07) mm in thick bone tunnel;traditional approach group:(34.60±4.26) mm in total length, (22.56±2.50) mm in thick bone tunnel. Coronal plane angle, three-approach group:(47.93±5.98) °;traditional approach group:(41.78±6.62) °. Knee joint Lysholm score, three-approach group:48.67±4.18 before surgery;97.00±2.48 at last follow up;traditional approach group:49.75±5.33 before surgery, 97.30±2.68 at last follow up, there were significant differences before and after surgery, no significant statistical difference between two groups. CONCLUSION: The positions of the femoral tunnel drilled by the two methods were within the range of the anatomic stop of the anterior cruciate ligament, and there was no statistical difference. Compared with the traditional anterior medial approach, the coronal plane angle of the femoral tunnel drilled by the three-approach approach is relatively large, and there were no statistical differences in the length of the tunnel, the early postoperative effect of the two surgical methods, and the operation time. But the three approach has a wider and clearer vision. In addition, the knee flexion angle required for drilling the femoral tunnel during surgery is significantly smaller than that of traditional approach technology, which reduces the difficulty of surgery.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Feminino , Fêmur/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Acta Biomed ; 92(S3): e2021004, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313673

RESUMO

Background Multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE) also known as Multiple Osteochondromas is a rare benign bone tumour disease, characterized by multiple osteocartilaginous masses. The knee is one of the most affected sites. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery is the most common and generally most successful surgical knee procedure; however, the association between MHE and ACL reconstruction is very rare and may represent a challenging procedure because of the anatomical anomaly related to presence of multiple masses around the knee. Here, we present a case report of ACL reconstruction in a patient affected by multiple exostoses. Case report The patient was a 30-year-old woman affected by MHE, with an ACL tear arising after knee trauma. As the patient complained of pain, swelling and the knee "giving way", she successfully underwent arthroscopic-assisted ACL reconstruction using quadrupled hamstring tendon grafts, with femoral suspension and double tibial fixations. Conclusion Symptomatic ACL tears in a patient affected by MHE should be considered for arthroscopic reconstruction, which requires that particular attention be paid to tendons harvesting, tunnel placement and the choice of graft fixation system, given the presence of multiple masses around the knee.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária , Adulto , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/complicações , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tendões/cirurgia
17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 649, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, the most effective and mature treatment after ACL injury and tear is ACL reconstruction, but the rehabilitation process after ACL reconstruction that is very long, so it is very important to find early MRI positive findings of knee instability. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical and imaging data of 70 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction from January 2016 to December 2019; Based on clinical criteria, the patients were divided into a stable group (n = 57) and an unstable group (n = 13); We measured the MRI imaging evaluation indexes, including the position of the bone tunnel, graft status, and the anatomical factors; Statistical methods were used to compare the differences of imaging evaluation indexes between the two groups; The prediction equation was constructed and ROC curve was used to compare the prediction efficiency of independent prediction factors and prediction equation. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the abnormal position of tibial tunnel entrance, percentage of the position of tibial tunnel entrance, position of tibial tunnel exit, lateral tibial posterior slope (LTPS), width of intercondylar notch between stable knee joint group and unstable knee joint group after ACL reconstruction (P < 0.05); The position of tibial tunnel exits and the lateral tibial posterior slope (LTPS) and the sagittal obliquity of the graft were independent predictors among surgical factors and self-anatomical factors (P < 0.05); The prediction equation of postoperative knee stability was established: Logit(P) = -1.067-0.231*position of tibial tunnel exit + 0.509*lateral tibial posterior slope (LTPS)-2.105*sagittal obliquity of the graft; The prediction equation predicted that the AUC of knee instability was 0.915, the sensitivity was 84.6%, and the specificity was 91.2%. CONCLUSIONS: We found that abnormalities of the position of the exit of the bone tunnel, lateral tibial posterior slope (LTPS) and sagittal obliquity of the graft were the early MRI positive findings of knee instability after ACL reconstruction. It is helpful for clinicians to predict the stability of knee joint after ACL reconstruction.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/cirurgia
18.
Arthroscopy ; 37(7): 2235-2236, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226011

RESUMO

How to restore native knee kinematics following complex knee injuries is still debated and under investigation. To better reproduce the native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), surgeons have a host of different options, including graft choice, technique, fixation method, and single-, double-, and triple-bundle techniques, etc. Isolated ACL reconstruction alone is not effective in controlling complex instability patterns, especially regarding internal and external rotations. Several techniques have been described to address such instabilities, like single- or double- bundle ACL reconstruction plus lateral extra-articular tenodesis. In truth, chronic ACL injury requires reconstruction plus lateral tenodesis to control rotational instability. Additional technical complexity may result in complications without improved outcomes. Neither single-bundle nor double-bundle techniques are "truly" anatomic. Keep it simple; keep it safe.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Instabilidade Articular , Tenodese , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia
19.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 22(1): 30, 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To arthroscopically evaluate the incidence of lateral meniscal root avulsion (LMRA) and associated intra-articular injuries in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2014 to March 2017, 532 consecutive patients were diagnosed as having an ACL injury and underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. The diagnosis of LMRA was made arthroscopically. The effects of gender, activity, grade of laxity, time from injury, and concomitant meniscal lesions were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 532 patients, 497 (93.4%) underwent primary ACL reconstruction and 35 (6.5%) underwent revision procedures. 383 were acute or subacute injuries (less than 6 months from injury to surgery) and 149 chronic (more than 6 months). Average age was 30.4 years (DS: ± 11.04); there were 422 (79.3%) males and 110 (20.6%) females. A LMRA associated with the ACL injury was detected in 72 cases (13.5%), with a significant prevalence observed in males ([Formula: see text] = 4.65; P = 0.031, statistically significant). In the 149 patients with a chronic injury, 27 patients had LMRA (18.1%), while 45 of the 383 patients with an acute or subacute injury had LMRA (11.7%). There was a tendency, albeit not significant ([Formula: see text] = 3.721; P = 0.054), for the prevalence to increase with time since the initial ACL injury. LMRA was significantly associated ([Formula: see text] = 7.81; P = 0.006) with a meniscocapsular tear of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus (ramp lesion). No other significant associations, such as with severity of A-P translation (as measured by KT-2000) or activity level, were detected. CONCLUSION: LMRA is a relatively common injury associated with both acute and chronic ACL tears. A relatively high incidence in cases of chronic ACL insufficiency suggests that LMRAs do not heal spontaneously or that they may appear with time, even when absent at the time of the initial injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, cross-sectional study.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efeitos adversos , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Artroscopia/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Ruptura
20.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 29(17): 723-731, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096902

RESUMO

Revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is used in patients with recurrent instability after primary ACL reconstruction. Identifying the etiology of graft failure is critical to the success of revision reconstruction. The most common etiologies include technical errors, trauma, failure to recognize concomitant injuries, young age, incomplete rehabilitation, and hardware failure. Patients should undergo a complete history and physical examination with a specific focus on previous injury mechanism and surgical procedures. A revision ACL reconstruction is a technically demanding procedure, and the surgeon should be prepared to address bone tunnel osteolysis, concurrent meniscal, ligamentous, or cartilage lesions, and limb malalignment. Surgical techniques described in this article include both single-stage and two-stage reconstruction procedures. Rates of return to sport after a revision reconstruction are lower than after primary reconstruction. Future research should be focused on improving both single-stage and two-stage revision techniques, as well as concomitant procedures to address limb malalignment and associated injuries.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Humanos , Exame Físico , Reoperação
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