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1.
FASEB J ; 36(9): e22452, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916017

RESUMO

House dust mite (HDM) allergens cause inflammatory responses and chronic allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis. Here, we investigate the mechanism by which HDM induces C-C chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) expression to promote chronic inflammation and airway remodeling in an HDM-induced bronchial asthma mouse model. We showed that HDM increased CCL20 levels via the Akt-ERK1/2-C/EBPß pathway. To investigate the role of CCL20 in chronic airway inflammation and remodeling, we made a mouse model of CCL20-induced bronchial asthma. Treatment of anti-CCL20Ab in this mouse model showed the reduced airway hyper-responsiveness and inflammatory cell infiltration into peribronchial region by neutralizing CCL20. In addition, CCL20 induced the Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation through NLRP3 deubiquitination and transcriptional upregulation in BEAS-2B cells. As expected, anti-CCL20Ab markedly suppressed NLRP3 activation induced by CCL20. Moreover, HDM-induced CCL20 leads to epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the lung epithelium which appears to be an important regulator of airway remodeling in allergic asthma. We also found that anti-CCL20Ab attenuates airway inflammation and remodeling in an HDM-induced mouse model of bronchial asthma. Taken together, our results suggest that HDM-induced CCL20 is required for chronic inflammation that contributes airway remodeling in a mouse model of asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Pyroglyphidae , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Animais , Asma/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Inflamação/complicações , Ligantes , Pulmão/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
2.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4577, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931694

RESUMO

Axially chiral biaryl motifs possessing ortho-heteroatom-substituted functionalities exist widely in the structures of natural products and have served as foundation for constructing prominent chiral organocatalysts, ligands, functional materials, and even bioactive molecules. However, a general and enantioselective synthesis of such chiral structures with high synthetic value is rare. Taking advantage of the BaryPhos-facilitated asymmetric Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling, we have established a general, efficient and enantioselective construction of the ortho sulfur- or nitrogen-substituted axially chiral biaryls. The protocol shows excellent compatibility to various functional groups and structural features, delivering chiral biaryl structures with ortho-sulfonyl groups or with ortho-nitro groups at a broad range of molecular diversity and complexity. The immobilization of BaryPhos on polyethylene glycol (PEG) support has enabled homogeneous enantioselective cross-coupling in aqueous media and the palladium catalyst recycling for multiple times. The method has enabled a concise 10-step asymmetric synthesis of isoplagiochin D as well as the construction of chiroptical molecules with circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) properties.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Enxofre , Catálise , Ligantes , Estereoisomerismo
3.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 788, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931765

RESUMO

Receptor-ligand interactions on the plasma membrane regulate cellular communication and play a key role in viral infection. Despite representing main targets for drug development, the characterization of these interactions remains challenging in part due to the dearth of optimal technologies. Here, we build a comprehensive library of human proteins engineered for controlled cell surface expression. Coupled to tetramer-based screening for increased binding avidity, we develop a high throughput cell-based platform that enables systematic interrogation of receptor-ligand interactomes. Using this technology, we characterize the cell surface proteins targeted by the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV spike protein. Host factors that specifically bind to SARS CoV-2 but not SARS CoV RBD are identified, including proteins that are expressed in the nervous system or olfactory epithelium. Remarkably, our results show that Contactin-1, a previously unknown SARS CoV-2 spike-specific receptor that is upregulated in COVID-19 patients, significantly enhances ACE2-dependent pseudotyped virus infection. Starting from a versatile platform to characterize cell surface interactomes, this study uncovers host factors specifically targeted by SARS CoV-2, information that may help design improved therapeutic strategies against COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Humanos , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica
4.
Biomater Adv ; 136: 212801, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929297

RESUMO

This paper presents the results of an experimental and computational study of the adhesion of triptorelin-conjugated PEG-coated biosynthesized gold nanoparticles (GNP-PEG-TRP) to triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. The adhesion is studied at the nanoscale using a combination of atomic force microscopy (AFM) experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The AFM measurements showed that the triptorelin-functionalized gold nanoparticles (GNP-TRP and GNP-PEG-TRP) have higher adhesion to triple-negative breast cancer cells (TNBC) than non-tumorigenic breast cells. The increased adhesion of GNP-TRP and GNP-PEG-TRP to TNBC is also attributed to the overexpression of LHRH receptors on the surfaces of both TNBC. Finally, the molecular dynamics model reveals insights into the effects of receptor density, molecular configuration, and receptor-ligand docking characteristics on the interactions of triptorelin-functionalized PEG-coated gold nanoparticles with TNBC. A three to nine-fold increase in the adhesion is predicted between triptorelin-functionalized PEG-coated gold nanoparticles and TNBC cells. The implications of the results are then discussed for the specific targeting of TNBC.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ouro/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Pamoato de Triptorrelina/farmacologia
5.
Front Immunol ; 13: 902550, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935973

RESUMO

The papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) microenvironment consists of various cancer and surrounding cells, and the communication between them is mainly performed through ligand-receptor (LR) interactions. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) has been performed to investigate the role of intercellular communication networks in tumor progression. In addition, scRNA-seq can accurately identify the characteristics of immune cell subsets, which is of great significance for predicting the efficacy of immunotherapy. In this study, the cell-cell communication network was analyzed through LR pairs, and a new PTC molecular phenotype was developed based on LR pairs. Furthermore, a risk model was established to predict patient response to PD-1 blockade immunotherapy. The scRNA-seq dataset was obtained from GSE184362, and the bulk tumor RNA-seq dataset was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas. CellPhoneDB was used for cellular communication analysis. LR pair correlations were calculated and used to identify molecular subtypes, and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) Cox regression was used to develop a risk model based on LR pairs. The IMvigor210 and GSE78220 cohorts were used as external validations for the LR.score to predict responses to PD-L1 blockade therapy. A total of 149 LR pairs with significant expression and prognostic correlation were included, and three PTC molecular subtypes were obtained from those with significant prognostic differences. Then, five LR pairs were selected to construct the risk scoring model, a reliable and independent prognostic factor in the training set, test set, and whole dataset. Furthermore, two external validation sets confirmed the predictive efficacy of the LR.score for response to PD-1 blockade therapy.


Assuntos
Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Ligantes , Prognóstico , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13402, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927455

RESUMO

The Wiseman fitting can be used to extract binding parameters from ITC data sets, such as heat of binding, number of binding sites, and the overall dissociation rate. The classical Wiseman fitting assumes a direct binding process and neglects the possibility of intermediate binding steps. In principle, it only provides thermodynamic information and not the kinetics of the process. In this article we show that a concentration dependent dissociation constant could possibly stem from intermediate binding steps. The mathematical form of this dependency can be exploited with the aid of the Robust Perron Cluster Cluster Analysis method. Our proposed extension of the Wiseman fitting rationalizes the concentration dependency, and can probably also be used to determine the kinetic parameters of intermediate binding steps of a multivalent binding process. The novelty of this paper is to assume that the binding rate varies per titration step due to the change of the ligand concentration and to use this information in the Wiseman fitting. We do not claim to produce the most accurate values of the binding parameters, we rather present a novel method of how to approach multivalent bindings from a different angle.


Assuntos
Calorimetria , Sítios de Ligação , Calorimetria/métodos , Cinética , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica , Termodinâmica
7.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e261624, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920463

RESUMO

The pineal melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is a molecule associated in a way or another with probably all physiological systems, aiming to fulfil its functional integrative roles in central nervous system activity, sleep and wakefulness cycles, energy metabolism and thermoregulation, immune, reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory and excretory systems. Within this context, the present study aimed to assess in silico the formation of complexes between ligand melatonin and other potential receptor proteins by molecular docking analyses. The main steps established in this experimental procedure were: a) search and selection of the 3D structure of the melatonin from DrugBank; b) search and selection of 3D structures of other target receptor proteins using STRING, protein BLAST and database PDB; and c) formation of the complexes between melatonin and receptors selected using AutoDock4.0 server by molecular docking analyses. High reliability score and significant similarity were only identified between type 1B melatonin and alpha-2A adrenergic receptor. Thus, molecular docking assays were carried out using ligand melatonin and crystallographic structures of the alpha-2A adrenergic receptor coupled to an antagonist (ID PDB 6kux) and a partial agonist (ID PDB 6kuy) available in the database PDB. Binding energy values of -6.79 and -6.98 kcal/mol and structural stability by non-covalent intermolecular interactions were predicted during the formation of complexes between melatonin and alpha-2A adrenergic receptor 6kux and 6kuy, respectively. In this way, the findings described in current study may indicate strong interactions between melatonin and adrenoceptors, suggesting its possible partial agonist effect on the activation of the alfa-2A adrenergic receptor.


Assuntos
Melatonina , Ligantes , Melatonina/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa/fisiologia , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2 , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13355, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922468

RESUMO

The early identification of sepsis in surgical intensive care patients is challenging due to the physiological postoperative alterations of vital signs and inflammatory biomarkers. Soluble Delta-like protein 1 (sDLL1) may be a potential discriminatory biomarker for this purpose. For this reason, this study aimed to evaluate sDLL1 for the identification of sepsis in a cohort of surgical intensive care patients. This study comprises a secondary analysis of a prospective observational study including 80 consecutive patients. The study groups included 20 septic shock patients, 20 patients each undergoing major abdominal surgery (MAS) and cardiac artery bypass surgery (CABG), and 20 matched control subjects (CTRL). The surveillance period was 72 h. The plasma concentration of sDLL1 was measured with ELISA. The plasma levels of sDLL1 were significantly elevated in septic patients compared to both surgical cohorts (septic vs. all postoperative time points, data are shown as median and interquartile range [IQR]; septic shock: 17,363 [12,053-27,299] ng/mL, CABG 10,904 [8692-16,250] ng/mL; MAS 6485 [4615-9068] ng/mL; CTRL 5751 [3743-7109] ng/mL; septic shock vs. CABG: p < 0.001; septic shock vs. MAS: p < 0.001). ROC analysis showed a sufficient prediction of sepsis with limited specificity (AUCROC 0.82 [0.75-0.82], sensitivity 84%, specificity 68%). The plasma levels of sDLL correlated closely with renal parameters (creatinine: correlation coefficient = 0.60, r2 = 0.37, p < 0.0001; urea: correlation coefficient = 0.52, r2 = 0.26, p < 0.0001), resulting in a good predictive performance of sDLL1 for the identification of acute kidney injury (AKI; AUCROC 0.9 [0.82-0.9], sensitivity 83%, specificity 91%). By quantifying the plasma concentration of sDLL1, sepsis can be discriminated from the physiological postsurgical inflammatory response in abdominal and cardiac surgical patients. However, sDLL1 has only limited specificity for the detection of sepsis in cardiac surgical patients, which may be explained by impaired renal function. Based on these findings, this study identifies the predictive value of sDLL1 for the detection of AKI, making it a potential biomarker for surgical intensive care patients.Trial registration DRKS00013584, Internet Portal of the German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS), registration date 11.07.2018, https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00013584 .


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Sepse , Choque Séptico , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Ligantes
9.
J Med Chem ; 65(15): 10691-10706, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917397

RESUMO

The past few years have witnessed enormous progress toward applying machine learning approaches to the development of protein-ligand scoring functions. However, the robust performance and wide applicability of scoring functions remain a big challenge for increasing the success rate of docking-based virtual screening. Herein, a novel scoring function named RTMScore was developed by introducing a tailored residue-based graph representation strategy and several graph transformer layers for the learning of protein and ligand representations, followed by a mixture density network to obtain residue-atom distance likelihood potential. Our approach was resolutely validated on the CASF-2016 benchmark, and the results indicate that RTMScore can outperform almost all of the other state-of-the-art methods in terms of both the docking and screening powers. Further evaluation confirms the robustness of our approach that can not only retain its docking power on cross-docked poses but also achieve improved performance as a rescoring tool in larger-scale virtual screening.


Assuntos
Proteínas , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas/metabolismo
10.
Biomater Adv ; 137: 212851, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929279

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is a vital step in many severe diseases such as cancer, diabetic retinopathy, and rheumatoid arthritis. Sorafenib (SFB), a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has recently been shown to inhibit tumor progression and suppress angiogenesis. Its narrow therapeutic window, however, has limited its clinical application and therapeutic efficacy. Accordingly, in this study, a nanocomposite formulation comprising of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and poly (D, l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles was functionalized with an integrin-targeting ligand (RGD peptide) to improve SFB delivery for the treatment of angiogenesis. Physicochemical and biological properties of the targeted nanocomposite were evaluated in terms of chemical structure, morphology, particle size, zeta potential, photoluminescence, and cell toxicity. The loading capacity of the nanocomposite was optimized at different drug-to-PLGA ratios. Drug release behavior was also investigated at 37 °C in pH = 7.4. The SFB-to-PLGA ratio of 1:3 was selected as the optimum condition which resulted in the encapsulation efficiency and encapsulation capacity of 68.93 ± 1.39 and 18.77 ± 0.46, respectively. Photoluminescence properties of GQD in nanocomposite were used to track the delivery system. The results indicated that conjugating targeting ligand could enhance cellular uptake of nanocomposite in cells overexpressing integrin receptors. In vivo anti-angiogenesis activity of targeted nanocomposite was investigated in chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). The findings showed that SFB loaded in the targeted nanocomposite reduced VEGF secretion in vitro and its anti-angiogenic effect surpass free SFB. Thanks to its unique therapeutic and bioimaging properties, the developed nanocomposite could be an effective drug delivery system for poorly water-soluble therapeutic agents.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanocompostos , Pontos Quânticos , Grafite/química , Humanos , Integrina beta3 , Ligantes , Nanocompostos/química , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sorafenibe/farmacologia
11.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 36: 3946320221117933, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932160

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: T helper 17 (Th17) cells are involved in the inflammatory response of atherosclerosis. However, their heterogeneity in the atherosclerotic aorta remains elusive. This study was designed to identify aortic Th17 subsets. METHODS: The surface markers and transcription factors of aortic interleukin-17A (IL-17A)-expressing T cells were determined by flow cytometry in an ApoE-deficient mouse atherosclerotic model. Viable aortic IL-17A-expressing T cell subsets were isolated by flow cytometry on the basis of surface markers, followed by characterizing their transcription factors by either flow cytometry or real-time RT-PCR. The effect of aortic IL-17A-expressing T cell subsets on aortic endothelial cells was determined in vitro. RESULTS: C-X-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 3 (CXCR3), interleukin-17 receptor E (IL-17RE), CD200, and C-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 4 (CCR4) marked three subsets of aortic IL-17A-expressing T cells: CXCR3+IL-17RElowCD200+CCR4- T cells expressing T-box protein expressed in T cells (T-bet) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), CXCR3+IL-17RElowCD200+CCR4+ T cells expressing T-bet but fewer IFN-γ, and CXCR3-IL-17REhighCD200+CCR4+ T cells expressing very low T-bet and no IFN-γ. Based on these markers, viable aortic Th17 cells, Th17.1 cells, and transitional Th17.1 cells were identified. Both Th17.1 cells and transitional Th17.1 cells were more proliferative than Th17 cells. Compared with Th17 cells, Th17.1 cells plus transitional Th17.1 cells induced higher expression of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1), C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), C-X-C motif chemokine 5 (CXCL5), and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in aortic endothelial cells. CONCLUSION: IL-17A-expressing CD4+ T cells were heterogeneous in atherosclerotic aortas.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Interleucina-17 , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Ligantes , Camundongos , Receptores de Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Células Th17/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
12.
Mikrochim Acta ; 189(9): 325, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947204

RESUMO

A dual-emission fluorescent (FL) probe was constructed by coordinating Cu2+ of copper metal-organic frameworks (Cu-MOFs) with - COO- group of carbon dots (CDs) for pesticide thiophanate-methyl (TM) determination. TM was recognized by organic ligands (H2BDC and H2BDC-NH2) of Cu-MOFs via π stacking. Due to the higher affinity of Cu2+ to TM than ligands and CDs, TM chelated with Cu2+ to form TM-Cu complex. Thus coordination of Cu-MOFs was damaged and the ligands were released resulting in the FL intensity increase of Cu-MOFs (F430). And also CDs were released from CDs@Cu-MOFs hybrids and electron transfer from CDs to CuMOFs was inhibited, leading to the FL intensity increase of CDs (F600). The FL intensity ratio (F430/F600) showed a good linear relationship with TM concentrations of 0.0307-0.769 µmol L-1 with a limit of detection (LOD) of ~ 3.67 nmol L-1. The probe was successfully applied to detect TM in spiked food samples with satisfactory recoveries of 93.1-113%. Additionally, visual detection of TM was achieved according to the fluorescence color variation from blue to carmine, indicating promising application of CDs@Cu-MOFs probe.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Praguicidas , Carbono , Cobre , Corantes Fluorescentes , Ligantes , Tiofanato
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(32): e2121225119, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914143

RESUMO

G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling is ubiquitous. As an archetype of this signaling motif, rod phototransduction has provided many fundamental, quantitative details, including a dogma that one active GPCR molecule activates a substantial number of downstream G protein/enzyme effector complexes. However, rod phototransduction is light-activated, whereas GPCR pathways are predominantly ligand-activated. Here, we report a detailed study of the ligand-triggered GPCR pathway in mammalian olfactory transduction, finding that an odorant-receptor molecule when (one-time) complexed with its most effective odorants produces on average much less than one downstream effector. Further experiments gave a nominal success probability of tentatively ∼10-4 (more conservatively, ∼10-2 to ∼10-5). This picture is potentially more generally representative of GPCR signaling than is rod phototransduction, constituting a paradigm shift.


Assuntos
Ligantes , Odorantes , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Receptores Odorantes , Transdução de Sinais , Olfato , Animais , Transdução de Sinal Luminoso , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Bastonetes
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(32): e2122037119, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914163

RESUMO

Receptor-activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) are ubiquitously expressed membrane proteins that associate with different G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including the parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTH1R), a class B GPCR and an important modulator of mineral ion homeostasis and bone metabolism. However, it is unknown whether and how RAMP proteins may affect PTH1R function. Using different optical biosensors to measure the activation of PTH1R and its downstream signaling, we describe here that RAMP2 acts as a specific allosteric modulator of PTH1R, shifting PTH1R to a unique preactivated state that permits faster activation in a ligand-specific manner. Moreover, RAMP2 modulates PTH1R downstream signaling in an agonist-dependent manner, most notably increasing the PTH-mediated Gi3 signaling sensitivity. Additionally, RAMP2 increases both PTH- and PTHrP-triggered ß-arrestin2 recruitment to PTH1R. Employing homology modeling, we describe the putative structural molecular basis underlying our functional findings. These data uncover a critical role of RAMPs in the activation and signaling of a GPCR that may provide a new venue for highly specific modulation of GPCR function and advanced drug design.


Assuntos
Proteína 2 Modificadora da Atividade de Receptores , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo , Transdução de Sinais , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ligantes , Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Proteína 2 Modificadora da Atividade de Receptores/genética , Proteína 2 Modificadora da Atividade de Receptores/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo/genética , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , beta-Arrestina 2/metabolismo
15.
Front Immunol ; 13: 868175, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911739

RESUMO

Hypothesis: The activity of natural killer (NK) cells is considered an important factor for the tolerance of the fetus during pregnancy. The complications of pregnancy, such as hypertensive disorders (HDP), may be therefore associated with this immune compartment. Methods: The current study included 41 pregnant women diagnosed with HDPs (Gestational Hypertension; GH or Preeclampsia; PE) and 21 healthy women. All the patients were under continuous obstetric care during the pregnancy and labour. The number of mother-child mismatches within killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs), their ligands [MM], and missing KIR ligands [MSLs] was assessed. KIRs and their ligands were assessed with Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and Polymerase Chain Reaction Sequence-Specific Oligonucleotide (PCR-SSO) typing. The subsets of NK cells were assessed with multicolor flow cytometry and correlated to the number of MSLs. Results: The number of MSLs was significantly higher in HDP patients when compared to healthy non-complicated pregnancy patients. Some MSLs, such as those with 2DS2 activating KIR, were present only in HDP patients. The percentage of CD56+CD16-CD94+ NK cells and CD56+CD16-CD279+ NK cells correlated with the number of MSLs with inhibiting KIRs only in healthy patients. In HDP patients, there was a correlation between the percentage of CD56-CD16+CD69+ NK cells and the number of MSLs with inhibiting and activating KIRs. As compared to the healthy group, the percentage of CD56+CD16-CD279+ NK cells and CD56-CD16+CD279+ NK cells were lower in HDP patients. HDP patients were also characterized by a higher percentage of CD56+CD16+perforin+ NK cells than their healthy counterparts. Conclusions: Patients with HDP were characterized by a higher number of MSLs within the KIRs receptors. It seemed that the number of MSLs in the healthy group was balanced by various receptors, such as CD94 or inhibitory CD279, expressed on NK cells. Conversely, in HDP patients the number of MSLs was associated with the activation detected as the increased level of CD69+ NK cells.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Receptores KIR , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Ligantes , Perforina/metabolismo , Receptores KIR/metabolismo
16.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 78(Pt 8): 964-974, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916221

RESUMO

Continuous developments in cryogenic X-ray crystallography have provided most of our knowledge of 3D protein structures, which has recently been further augmented by revolutionary advances in cryoEM. However, a single structural conformation identified at cryogenic temperatures may introduce a fictitious structure as a result of cryogenic cooling artefacts, limiting the overview of inherent protein physiological dynamics, which play a critical role in the biological functions of proteins. Here, a room-temperature X-ray crystallographic method using temperature as a trigger to record movie-like structural snapshots has been developed. The method has been used to show how TL00150, a 175.15 Da fragment, undergoes binding-mode changes in endothiapepsin. A surprising fragment-binding discrepancy was observed between the cryo-cooled and physiological temperature structures, and multiple binding poses and their interplay with DMSO were captured. The observations here open up new promising prospects for structure determination and interpretation at physiological temperatures with implications for structure-based drug discovery.


Assuntos
Proteínas , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ligantes , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Proteínas/química , Temperatura
18.
Nat Cell Biol ; 24(8): 1291-1305, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915159

RESUMO

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a prime oncogene that is frequently amplified in glioblastomas. Here we demonstrate a new tumour-suppressive function of EGFR in EGFR-amplified glioblastomas regulated by EGFR ligands. Constitutive EGFR signalling promotes invasion via activation of a TAB1-TAK1-NF-κB-EMP1 pathway, resulting in large tumours and decreased survival in orthotopic models. Ligand-activated EGFR promotes proliferation and surprisingly suppresses invasion by upregulating BIN3, which inhibits a DOCK7-regulated Rho GTPase pathway, resulting in small hyperproliferating non-invasive tumours and improved survival. Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas reveal that in EGFR-amplified glioblastomas, a low level of EGFR ligands confers a worse prognosis, whereas a high level of EGFR ligands confers an improved prognosis. Thus, increased EGFR ligand levels shift the role of EGFR from oncogene to tumour suppressor in EGFR-amplified glioblastomas by suppressing invasion. The tumour-suppressive function of EGFR can be activated therapeutically using tofacitinib, which suppresses invasion by increasing EGFR ligand levels and upregulating BIN3.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Oncogenes/genética , Regulação para Cima
20.
Kidney360 ; 3(7): 1158-1168, 2022 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919538

RESUMO

Background: Clinical use of biomarkers requires the development of standardized assays and establishment of cutoffs. Urinary C-C motif chemokine ligand 14 (CCL14) has been validated to predict persistent severe AKI in critically ill patients with established AKI. We now report on the performance of standardized cutoffs using a clinical assay. Methods: A second aim of the multicenter RUBY Study was to establish two cutoffs for the prediction of persistent severe AKI (defined as KDIGO stage 3 AKI for at least 72 consecutive hours). Patients who received renal replacement therapy (RRT) or died before achieving 72 hours in stage 3 AKI were also considered to have reached the end point. Results: A cutoff value for urinary CCL14 of 1.3 ng/ml was determined to achieve high sensitivity (91%; 95% CI, 84% to 96%), and 13 ng/ml achieved high specificity (93%; 95% CI, 89% to 96%). The cutoff of 1.3 ng/ml identifies the majority (91%) of patients who developed persistent severe AKI with a negative predictive value of 92%. The cutoff at 13 ng/ml had a positive predictive value of 72% (with a negative predictive value of 75%). In multivariable adjusted analyses, a CCL14 concentration between 1.3 and 13 ng/ml had an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 3.82 (95% CI, 1.73 to 9.12; P=0.001) for the development of persistent severe AKI compared with those with a CCL14 ≤1.3 ng/ml, whereas a CCL14 >13 ng/ml had an aOR of 10.4 (95% CI, 3.89 to 29.9; P<0.001). Conclusions: Using a clinical assay, these standardized cutoffs (1.3 and 13 ng/ml) allow for the identification of patients at high risk for the development of persistent severe AKI. These results have immediate utility in helping to guide AKI patient care and may facilitate future clinical trials.Clinical Trial registry name and registration number: Identification and Validation of Biomarkers of Acute Kidney Injury Recovery, NCT01868724.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Quimiocinas , Quimiocinas CC , Humanos , Ligantes , Terapia de Substituição Renal
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