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1.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(10): e8385, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618367

RESUMO

Malignant melanoma (MM) is one of the malignant tumors with highly metastatic and aggressive biological actions. Schizandrin A (SchA) is a bioactive lignin compound with strong anti-oxidant and anti-aging properties, which is stable at room temperature and is often stored in a cool dry place. Hence, we investigated the effects of SchA on MM cell line A375 and its underlying mechanism. A375 cells were used to construct an in vitro MM cell model. Cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and migration were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8, BrdU assay, flow cytometry, and transwell two-chamber assay, respectively. The cell cycle-related protein cyclin D1 and cell apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved-caspase-3, and cleaved-caspase-9) were analyzed by western blot. Alteration of H19 expression was achieved by transfecting with pEX-H19. PI3K/AKT pathway was measured by detecting phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT. SchA significantly decreased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, SchA inhibited cell proliferation and cyclin D1 expression. SchA increased cell apoptosis along with the up-regulation of pro-apoptotic proteins (cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9, and Bax) and the down-regulation of anti-apoptotic protein (Bcl-2). Besides, SchA decreased migration and down-regulated matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. SchA down-regulated lncRNA H19. Overexpression of H19 blockaded the inhibitory effects of SchA on A375 cells. SchA decreased the phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT while H19 overexpression promoted the phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT. SchA inhibited A375 cell growth, migration, and the PI3K/AKT pathway through down-regulating H19.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo-Octanos/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Lignanas/farmacologia , Melanoma/patologia , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104287, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386898

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida led to the isolation of four pairs of dihydrobenzofuran neolignan enantiomers (1a/1b-4a/4b) including six new compounds (1a/1b, 2a/2b, 3a and 4a). The enantioseparations of the racemates were achieved successfully by chiral chromatographic column. Their structures were established by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and the absolute configurations were determined by quantum mechanical calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. All compounds were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxicity using human hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B and HepG2 cells. Among them, it was found that 2a had a selective cytotoxicity against Hep3B cells with IC50 value of 25.47 µM, while the IC50 value of its enantiomer 2b on Hep3B cells was 59.37 µM. These results implied that the absolute configurations of 2a and 2b possessed remarkable influences on their cytotoxicity. Further flow cytometry analysis indicated that 2a performed more significant effect on cell apoptosis compared with its enantiomer 2b.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Crataegus/química , Frutas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , China , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Estereoisomerismo
3.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104261, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284019

RESUMO

Three new sesquilignans, zijusesquilignans A-C (1-3), together with fifteen known compounds (4-18), were isolated from fruits of Ziziphus jujuba var. inermis Rehder (Rhamnaceae). Their chemical structures were established using spectroscopic analyses including 1D- and 2D-NMR, HR-EIMS, and ECD spectra. These compounds were assessed for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production. Of these compounds, 1-3 and 17 displayed inhibitory effects on NO production, with IC50 values ranging from 18.1 to 66.4 µM. Pretreatment with 1 and 17 significantly suppressed LPS-induced expression of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein in cells. Moreover, compounds 1-3, 7, 9, and 17 exhibited cytotoxic activities against three human tumor cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 8.4 to 44.9 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Ziziphus/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , República da Coreia
4.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104251, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271783

RESUMO

The MeOH extract from leaves of Saururus cernuus L. (Saururaceae) displayed in vitro activity against trypomastigote forms of T. cruzi (100% of parasite death at 200 µg/mL), suggesting the presence of bioactive compounds. Thus, the bioactivity-guided fractionation was carried out, leading to the isolation of three related neolignan derivatives, identified as threo-austrobailignan-5 (1), threo-austrobailignan-6 (2), and threo-dihydroguaiaretic acid (3). Anti-T. cruzi activity of compounds 1-3 was performed against cell-derived trypomastigotes and intracellular amastigotes. Additionally, the mammalian cytotoxicity was investigated using NCTC cells. Compound 2 was the most effective against extracellular trypomastigotes with IC50 of 3.7 µM, while compound 3 showed activity in both clinically relevant forms of the parasite, trypomastigotes and amastigotes, with IC50 values of 7.0 and 16.2 µM, respectively. However, the structurally related compound 1 was inactive. Based on these results, compounds 2 and 3 were selected to evaluate the mechanism of cellular death. Compound 2 induced alteration in the plasma membrane permeability and consequently in the ROS levels after 120 min of incubation. By using flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy, compound 3 showed alterations in the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) of trypomastigotes. Considering the promising chemical and biological properties of neolignans 2 and 3, these compounds could be used as starting points to develop new lead compounds for Chagas disease.


Assuntos
Lignanas/farmacologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Saururaceae/química , Tripanossomicidas/farmacologia , Trypanosoma cruzi/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Brasil , Células Cultivadas , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Macrófagos Peritoneais/parasitologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tripanossomicidas/isolamento & purificação
5.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(9): 966-976, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257308

RESUMO

Honokiol, a biphenolic neolignan isolated from Magnolia officinalis, was reported to have a promising anti-inflammatory activity for the treatment of various diseases. There are many efforts on the synthesis and structure-activity relationship of honokiol derivatives. However, regioselective O-alkylation of honokiol remains a challenge and serves as a tool to provide not only some derivatives but also chemical probes for target identification and mode of action. In this study, we examined the reaction condition for regioselective O-alkylation, in which C2 and C4'-alkylated analogs of honokiol were synthesized and evaluated for inhibitory activity on nitric oxide production and cyclooxygenase-2 expression. Furthermore, we successfully synthesized a potential photoaffinity probe consisting of biotin and benzophenone based on a C4'-alkylated derivative.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lignanas/farmacologia , Alquilação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/síntese química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lignanas/síntese química , Lignanas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Estereoisomerismo
6.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(7): 640-647, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257319

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation manifested by over-activation of microglial cells plays an essential role in neurodegenerative diseases. Short-term activation of microglia can be beneficial, but chronically activated microglia can aggravate neuronal dysfunction possibly by secreting potentially cytotoxic substances such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and nitric oxide (NO), which can result in dysfunction and death of neurons. Therefore inhibiting over-activation of microglia and the production of cytotoxic intermediates may become an effective therapeutic approach for neuroinflammation. In this paper, we review our continuous research on natural inhibitors of over-activated microglia from traditional herbals, including flavonoids, lignans, sesquiterpene coumarins, and stilbenes.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/química , Microglia/metabolismo , Animais , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Estilbenos/química , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 309: 108675, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150632

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a progression of chronic liver disease with lacks effective therapies at present. Schisandrin B (Sch B), a bioactive compound extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Schisandra chinensis, was reported to benefit liver diseases. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and molecular mechanisms of Sch B against CCl4-induced liver fibrosis in rats. RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis were performed collaboratively, including analysis of differential gene expression, gene ontology (GO) analysis, pathway analysis and pathway-act-network analysis. The results demonstrated that Sch B effectively alleviated CCl4-induced liver damage and fibrosis in rats, as evidenced by improved liver function and decreased extracellular matrix deposition. Furthermore, 4440 (1878 up-regulated, 2562 down-regulated) genes in the model group versus (vs) normal group, 4243 (2584 up-regulated, 1659 down-regulated) genes in Sch B-treated group vs model group were identified as differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Subsequently, GO analysis revealed that DEGs were mainly enriched in metabolism, oxidation-reduction, endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis-related biological processes. Pathway analysis suggested that Sch B up-regulated cytochrome P450 drug metabolism, PPAR signaling pathways, and down-regulated glutathione metabolism pathways. In addition, the regulatory patterns of Sch B on key genes and pathways were also confirmed. In conclusion, our study demonstrated Sch B alleviated CCl4-induced liver fibrosis by multiple modulatory mechanisms, which provide new clues for further pharmacological study of Sch B.


Assuntos
Lignanas/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Transcriptoma , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Ciclo-Octanos/química , Ciclo-Octanos/farmacologia , Ciclo-Octanos/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Compostos Policíclicos/química , Compostos Policíclicos/uso terapêutico , RNA/química , RNA/isolamento & purificação , RNA/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Schisandra/química , Schisandra/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104189, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158429

RESUMO

Seventeen lignans (1-17) were obtained from the roots of Isatis indigotica (I. indigotica). Among them, isatindigosesquilignans A-C (1-3) were deduced as three undescribed sesquilignans, which possess unusual carbon skeleton of aryltetralin unit connected with a C6-C3 moiety via a five-membered ring of C-3-C-8″-C-7″-O-C-4. Isatindigosesquilignans B and C were determined as the first examples of its glycosides from a natural source and a plausible biosynthetic pathway was proposed. Moreover, all of the isolated lignans were assayed regarding their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cells and compounds 1, 2 and 7 showed inhibitory effects with IC50 values ranging from 19.46 µM to 64.82 µM.


Assuntos
Isatis/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Animais , China , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Células RAW 264.7
9.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104198, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175951

RESUMO

The concise syntheses of three new natural diphyllin L-arabinopyranosides, Phyllanthusmin D (1), Phyllanthusmin B (4), Phyllanthusmin C (6) and a known analogue 7-O-[(2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl)-α-Larabinopyranosyl)] diphyllin (7) have been achieved employing phase transfer catalysis glycosylation and orthoester rearrangement. In biological assays, 4 showed the best cytotoxicity against human gastric carcinoma MGC803 Cells with the IC50 value 39 µg/mL. Transwell invasion assay showed that glycosides 1, 4, and 7 significantly suppressed MGC-803 cell invasion compared with control.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzodioxóis/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Benzodioxóis/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Glicosídeos/síntese química , Humanos , Lignanas/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular
10.
Phytochemistry ; 165: 112047, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203102

RESUMO

Four undescribed lignans and two undescribed sesquiterpenic acids, together with three known compounds (hypochoeroside C, hypochoeroside D, and 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid) were isolated from the roots of Hypochaeris radicata subsp. neapolitana (Asteraceae, Cichorieae). The lignans were identified as 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-2'-O-methacrylate, (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphtho [8,8'-c]furan-1(3H)-one, and (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-8'-(hydroxymethyl)-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphthalen-8-carboxylic acid. The two sesquiterpenic acids were identified as the ring open precursors of hypochoerosides C and D. Structures were elucidated using NMR and HRMS. Absolute configurations of (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphtho [8,8'-c]furan-1(3H)-one and (7S,8R,8'R)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3',4'-dihydroxy-8'-(hydroxymethyl)-7,8,7',8'-tetrahydronaphthalen-8-carboxylic acid were determined using electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy. 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside was evaluated for its anti-proliferative activity against myeloma cell lines MM1S, U266, and NCI-H929 and showed cytotoxicity at 100 mM against MM1S strain. No neurotoxicity was observed for major compounds 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, hypochoeroside C, and hypochoeroside D in a fluorescence assay measuring neurite outgrowth in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Additionally, compounds 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, hypochoeroside C, hypochoeroside D, and hypochoerosidic acid D were quantified in unstressed and drought-stressed plants using HPLC-DAD. Drought-stressed plants were found to contain lower concentrations of the lignan 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside and sesquiterpene lactone hypochoeroside C.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Lactonas/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lactonas/química , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Life Sci ; 230: 169-177, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150685

RESUMO

AIMS: Hippocampal oxidative stress and apoptosis of CA1 neurons play significant roles in the pathophysiology of diabetes-associated cognitive decline (DACD). The present study was aimed to elucidate the putative effects of sesamin, a major lignan of sesame seed, against DACD, and possible involvement of anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: Fifty adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, control-sesamin (30 mg/kg/day), diabetic, diabetic-sesamin (30 mg/kg/day), and diabetic-insulin (6 IU/rat/day) groups. Diabetic rats were treated with sesamin (P.O.) or insulin (S.C.) for eight consecutive weeks. Cognitive performance was evaluated in a Morris Water Maze (MWM) test; in addition, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations were assayed in the hippocampus using assay kits. Moreover, hematoxylin-eosin (HE), TUNEL, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) stainings were conducted to evaluate histological changes, the apoptosis status and expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins in the hippocampal CA1 neurons, respectively. KEY FINDINGS: The results showed that diabetes reduced the spatial cognitive ability in MWM, which was accompanied by decrease in SOD, CAT, and GPx activities and increase in MDA level in the hippocampus. Additionally, diabetes resulted in neuronal loss, enhanced apoptotic index, elevated the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax protein, and decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein in the hippocampal CA1 neurons. Interestingly, sesamin treatment improved all the above-mentioned deficits of diabetes at a comparable level with insulin therapy. SIGNIFICANCE: The results suggest that sesamin could be a promising potential therapeutic agent against DACD, possibly through its intertwined anti-hyperglycemic, anti-oxidative, and anti-apoptotic properties.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações do Diabetes/tratamento farmacológico , Dioxóis/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Dioxóis/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Insulina/farmacologia , Lignanas/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(28): 7880-7885, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250636

RESUMO

Ninety-two new 9-norlignan derivatives containing more effective compounds against both cancer and insect cells than lead compounds were synthesized. Against HeLa cells, 7-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-7'-(3'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl) derivative 63 (IC50 = 0.9 ± 0.2 µM) was to be around 6-fold more potent than lead compound 5. Moreover, against HL-60 cells, 7-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-7'-(3'/4'-hydroxyphenyl) derivatives 78 and 79 (IC50 = 2.2 ± 0.4 µM and 2.4 ± 0.6 µM) were 3-fold more potent than lead compound 5. Furthermore, against Sf9 cells from the common cutworm, the 7-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl) derivatives bearing electron-withdrawing groups 76-96 showed a wider range of activity (around 20-fold difference), giving valuable information on the structure-activity relationship. The 7-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-7'-(2'/3'-hydroxyphenyl) derivatives 77 and 78 (IC50 = 4.7 ± 0.6 µM and 4.9 ± 0.9 µM) had around 2-fold higher activity against Sf9 cells than lead compound 5. The 7-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-7'-(3'-hydroxyphenyl) derivative 78 was also effective against mosquito NIAS-AcAl-2 cells with an IC50 value of 5.4 ± 0.3.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Culicidae , Desenho de Drogas , Células HL-60 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Lignanas/síntese química , Spodoptera , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Fitoterapia ; 136: 104164, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071436

RESUMO

Five pairs of enantiomeric 8-O-4' neolignans (1a/1b-5a/5b), including seven new compounds (1a/1b, 2a, 3a, 4a/4b and 5b), were obtained from the fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. Their structures were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses. The absolute configurations of the enantiomers were determined by comparison of the experimental ECD with the calculated data. Additionally, all the enantiomeric neolignans were evaluated for their neuroprotective activity against H2O2-induced cell injury in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, and most of them showed potent selective neuroprotective activity. Especially, 3b (72.98%) showed the best protective effect, better than 3a (63.49%) and trolox (62.86%) at 25 µM.


Assuntos
Crataegus/química , Frutas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Estereoisomerismo
14.
Planta Med ; 85(11-12): 925-933, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127604

RESUMO

A fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR) assay utilizing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with GABAA receptors of α 1 ß 2 γ 2 subunit composition was evaluated and validated for rapid screening of plant extract libraries and efficient localization of active compounds in extracts. Validation was performed with pure compounds and extracts known to contain allosteric GABAA receptor modulators. Plants extracts that had been previously reported as active in an assay using Xenopus laevis oocytes transiently expressing GABAA receptors of α 1 ß 2 γ 2 subunit composition were also active in the FLIPR assay. A protocol for HPLC-based activity profiling was developed, whereby separations of 0.4 - 1.2 mg of extracts on an analytical HPLC column were found to be sufficient for the sensitivity of the bioassay. The protocol successfully localized the activity of known GABAergic natural products, such as magnolol in Magnolia officinalis, valerenic acid in Valeriana officinalis, and piperine in Piper nigrum extract. EC50 values of compounds (magnolol: 4.81 ± 1.0 µM, valerenic acid: 12.56 ± 1.2 µM, and piperine: 5.76 ± 0.7 µM) were found to be comparable or lower than those reported using Xenopus oocyte assays.


Assuntos
Fluorometria/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Receptores de GABA-A/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Benzodioxóis/farmacologia , Bioensaio/métodos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Células CHO , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cricetulus , Indenos/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Magnolia/química , Oócitos/metabolismo , Piper nigrum/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Valeriana/química , Xenopus laevis
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(9)2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075962

RESUMO

This study focuses on the effect of honokiol (HON) on glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hepatic steatosis, and inflammation in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were fed a normal diet with or without HON (0.02%, w/w) or pioglitazone (PIO, anti-diabetic agent, 0.01%, w/w) for 5 weeks. Blood biomarker, tissue morphology and enzymatic and genetic parameters were determined. PIO significantly decreased food intake, fasting blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, but markedly increased body weight, adipose tissue weight, and plasma leptin levels. HON did not significantly affect food intake, body weight, or levels of plasma leptin and blood glucose. However, HON led to significant decreases in adipose tissue weight, plasma insulin, blood HbA1c and HOMA-IR levels and improved glucose tolerance. The anti-diabetic and anti-adiposity effects of HON were partially related to the inhibition of gluconeogenic enzymes and their mRNA expression in the liver; and the inhibition of lipogenic enzymes in adipose tissue, respectively. Unlike PIO, HON did not affect dyslipidemia, but ameliorated hepatic steatosis by inhibiting hepatic lipogenic enzymes activity. Moreover, HON exhibited anti-inflammatory effects similar to PIO. These results suggest that HON can protect against type 2 diabetes by improving insulin resistance, glucose and lipid metabolism, and inflammation.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Resistência à Insulina , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Leptina/sangue , Lignanas/farmacologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 999-1009, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072143

RESUMO

This study explored the possible bioactive ingredients and target protein of Rostellularia procumbens (L.) Nees. The results of optical turbidimetry revealed that the ethyl acetate extraction obtained from R. procumbens (L.) Nees could inhibit platelet aggregation. Gene chip was used to investigate differentially expressed genes. According to the results of the gene chip, the targets of compounds isolated from the ethyl acetate extraction were predicted by network pharmacology. Computational studies revealed that chinensinaphthol methyl ether and neojusticin B may target the integrin αIIbß3 protein. The results of Prometheus NT.48 and microscale thermophoresis suggested that the molecular interactions between the two compounds with purified integrin αIIbß3 protein in the optimal test conditions were coherent with the docking results. To our best knowledge, this is the first report to state that chinensinaphthol methyl ether and neojusticin B target the integrin αIIbß3 protein.


Assuntos
Acanthaceae/química , Derivados de Benzeno/farmacologia , Dioxolanos/farmacologia , Éteres/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Derivados de Benzeno/química , Derivados de Benzeno/isolamento & purificação , Dioxolanos/química , Dioxolanos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Éteres/química , Éteres/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/química , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Chem Biol Interact ; 307: 82-90, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047918

RESUMO

Honokiol (HKL) is a natural low-molecular-weight biphenolic compound derived from the bark of magnolia trees. Previous studies indicate that HKL exerts potent cardioprotective effects on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, evidence of the further relationship between HKL posttreatment and myocardial I/R injury has not been clearly found. In our study, we explored the protective effect of HKL post treatment on myocardial I/R injury in C57BL/6 mice. We also demonstrated that HKL significantly reduced cellular reactive oxygen species production and attenuated mitochondrial damage in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). In addition, HKL was found to enhance autophagy during I/R or H/R; these effects could be partially blocked by the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine. Moreover, our results suggested that enhanced autophagic flux is associated with the Akt signaling pathway. Collectively, our results indicate that HKL posttreatment alleviates myocardial I/R injury and suggest a critical cardioprotective role of HKL in promoting autophagic flux.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Phytochemistry ; 164: 102-110, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112925

RESUMO

A bioassay-guided chemical investigation on the ethyl acetate extract of the stems of Herpetospermum pedunculosum led to the isolation and identification of 22 lignans including 6 previously undescribed ones, herpetosiols A-F. Their structures including stereochemistries were elucidated by analysis of NMR, HRMS and ECD data. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of all isolates were studied against human gastric carcinoma SGC7901, lung carcinoma A549, breast carcinoma MDA-MB-231 and hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell lines. Among them, eight lignans exhibited anti-proliferative effects against four tumor cell lines with IC50 ranging from 1.7 ±â€¯0.1 to 32.6 ±â€¯1.1 µM. Hedyotol-B displayed potent inhibitory effect with IC50 values of 1.7 ±â€¯0.1 µM against SGC7901 and 6.1 ±â€¯0.5 µM against A549, respectively.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Cucurbitaceae/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Caules de Planta/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Conformação Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 707-716, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119985

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most serious human pathogens. α-Hemolysin (Hla) secreted by S. aureus is a key toxin for various infections. We herein report that Honokiol, a natural plant polyphenol, inhibits the secretion and hemolytic activity of staphylococcal Hla with concomitant growth inhibition of S. aureus and protection of S. aureus-mediated cell injury within subinhibitory concentrations. In parallel, Honokiol attenuates the staphylococcal Hla-induced inflammatory response by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in vitro and in vivo. Consequently, the biologically active forms of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-18 are reduced significantly in response to Honokiol in mice infected with S. aureus. Experimentally, we confirm that Honokiol binds to monomeric Hla with a modest affinity without impairing its oligomerization. Based on molecular docking analyses in silico, we make a theoretical discovery that Honokiol is located outside of the triangular region of monomeric Hla. The binding model restricts the function of the residues related to membrane channel formation, which leads to the functional disruption of the assembled membrane channel. This research creates a new paradigm for developing therapeutic agents against staphylococcal Hla-mediated infections.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lignanas/administração & dosagem , Receptores de Superfície Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Toxinas Bacterianas/toxicidade , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas Hemolisinas/toxicidade , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignanas/farmacologia , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Infecções Estafilocócicas/patologia , Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Am J Chin Med ; 47(4): 895-912, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091975

RESUMO

In children, neuroblastomas are the most common and deadly solid tumor. Our previous studies showed that honokiol can cross the blood-brain barrier and kill neuroblastoma cells. In this study, we further evaluated if exposure to honokiol for short periods could induce autophagy and subsequent apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells and possible mechanisms. Exposure of neuroblastoma neuro-2a cells to honokiol for 24 h induced morphological shrinkage and cell death. As to the mechanisms, honokiol consecutively induced cytochrome c release from mitochondria, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation and cell apoptosis. Separately, honokiol time-dependently augmented the proportion of autophagic cells and the ratio of light chain 3 (LC3)-II/LC3-I. Pretreatment of neuro-2a cells with 3-methyladenine, an inhibitor of autophagy, attenuated honokiol-induced cell autophagy, caspase-3 activation, DNA damage and cell apoptosis. In contrast, stimulation of autophagy by rapamycin, an inducer of autophagy, significantly enhanced honokiol-induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, honokiol-induced autophagic apoptosis was confirmed in neuroblastoma NB41A3 cells. Knocking down translation of p53 using RNA interference attenuated honokiol-induced autophagy and apoptosis in neuro-2a and NB41A3 cells. Taken together, this study showed that at early periods, honokiol can induce autophagic apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells through activating a p53-dependent mechanism. Consequently, honokiol has the potential to be a therapeutic option for neuroblastomas.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Neuroblastoma/genética , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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